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major depression & vulnerability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143483/the-impact-of-mental-health-comorbidities-on-adherence-to-buprenorphine-a-claims-based-analysis
#1
Megan Litz, Douglas Leslie
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous research has been inconclusive about whether opioid-dependent patients with psychiatric comorbidities have shorter treatment retention and higher relapse rates. This study aims to evaluate the impact of mental health comorbidities on adherence to buprenorphine using a large, national health insurance claims data base. METHODS: We used MarketScan® data from 2012 to 2014 to perform this analysis. Inclusion criteria included all patients with an opioid use disorder-related ICD-9 code who had been prescribed buprenorphine (n = 2947)...
November 16, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143481/decisional-regret-and-choice-of-breast-reconstruction-following-mastectomy-for-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Kathy Flitcroft, Meagan Brennan, Andrew Spillane
OBJECTIVE: Women facing mastectomy for breast cancer should have the option of considering whether they would like breast reconstruction (BR), and if so, what type and when. Previous research has demonstrated some women will come to regret their decision about BR. We aim to summarise the evidence about the prevalence of decisional regret (DR) associated with BR choices and identify factors influencing vulnerability to DR. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature reporting BR-related DR published between January 1994 and February 2017 identified 254 initial search results...
November 16, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136603/prolonged-grief-reactions-after-old-age-spousal-loss-and-centrality-of-the-loss-in-post-loss-identity
#3
Lena Eckholdt, Lynn Watson, Maja O'Connor
BACKGROUND: The loss of a spouse is a major life event. Previous research found that centrality of the loss to one's identity using Centrality of Event Scale (CES) is related to complicated bereavement reactions, such as depression, posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS), and prolonged grief symptoms (PGS). This study aims to examine loss-centrality in elderly bereaved people up to 4 years post loss, to determine the relation of loss-centrality to complicated bereavement reactions, such as PGS, depression, and PTS, and to identify early predictors of loss-centrality...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130252/i-introduction-moving-through-adolescence-developmental-trajectories-of-african-american-and-european-american-youth
#4
Leslie Morrison Gutman, Stephen C Peck, Oksana Malanchuk, Arnold J Sameroff, Jacquelynne S Eccles
In this monograph, we investigate the developmental trajectories of a predominantly middle-class, community-based sample of European American and African American adolescents growing up in urban, suburban, and rural areas in Maryland, United States. Within risk-protection and positive youth development frameworks, we selected developmental measures based on the normative tasks of adolescence and the most widely studied indicators in the three major contexts of development: families, peer groups, and schools...
December 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125326/young-schema-questionnaire%C3%A2-%C3%A2-short-form-version-3-ysq-s3-preliminary-validation-in-older-adults
#5
Katelyn Phillips, Robert Brockman, Phoebe E Bailey, Ian I Kneebone
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to establish the reliability and validity of one of the most used schema questionnaires, Young Schema Questionnaire Short Form Version 3 (YSQ-S3) in older adults. METHOD: 104 participants aged 60-84 years were recruited. They were administered a battery of questionnaires, including the YSQ-S3, Young-Atkinson Mode Inventory (YAMI), Germans (Personality) Screener, the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), The Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) and the Basic Psychological Needs Scale (BPNS)...
November 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107975/trajectories-of-maternal-ante-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-and-their-association-with-child-and-mother-related-characteristics-in-a-west-african-birth-cohort-study
#6
Dana Barthel, Levente Kriston, Daniel Fordjour, Yasmin Mohammed, Esther Doris Kra-Yao, Carine Esther Bony Kotchi, Ekissi Jean Koffi Armel, Kirsten Alexandra Eberhardt, Torsten Feldt, Rebecca Hinz, Koffi Mathurin, Stefanie Schoppen, Carola Bindt, Stephan Ehrhardt
BACKGROUND: The vast majority of research on mental health has been undertaken in high income countries. This study aimed at investigating the long-term course of maternal depressive symptoms and its association with various mother- and child-related characteristics in two West African lower middle income countries with focus on the relationship with long-term anxiety symptoms. METHODS: In the Child Development Study, a prospective birth cohort study in Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana, the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was answered by N = 776 women 3 months antepartum, and 3, 12, and 24 months postpartum between April 2010 and March 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100658/the-role-of-genes-and-environment-on-brain-alterations-in-major-depressive-disorder-a-review-of-twin-studies
#7
A Pigoni, G Delvecchio, A C Altamura, J C Soares, C Fagnani, P Brambilla
BACKGROUND: Although it has been consistently reported the important role of genetic and environmental risk factors on structural and functional alterations in Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), the mechanism and the magnitude of the interactions between specific genetic and/or environmental risk factors on brain structures in this disabling disorder are still elusive. Therefore, in the last two decades an increased interest has been devoted to neuroimaging investigations on monozygotic and dizygotic twin samples mainly because their intrinsic characteristics may help to separate the effects of genetic and environmental risk factors on clinical phenotypes, including MDD...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100150/disrupted-engagement-of-networks-supporting-hot-and-cold-cognition-in-remitted-major-depressive-disorder
#8
Jonathan P Stange, Lisanne M Jenkins, Elissa J Hamlat, Katie L Bessette, Sophie R DelDonno, Leah R Kling, Alessandra M Passarotti, K Luan Phan, Heide Klumpp, Kelly A Ryan, Scott A Langenecker
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is characterized by dysfunction in cognitive and emotional systems. However, the neural network correlates of cognitive control (cold cognition) and emotion processing (hot cognition) during the remitted state of MDD (rMDD) remain unclear and not fully probed, which has important implications for identifying intermediate phenotypes of depression risk. METHODS: 43 young adults with rMDD and 33 healthy controls (HCs) underwent fMRI while completing separate tasks of cold cognition (Parametric Go/No-Go test) and hot cognition (Facial Emotion Processing Test)...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091829/heart-rate-variability-associated-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-victims-families-of-sewol-ferry-disaster
#9
Sang Min Lee, Hyesung Han, Kuk-In Jang, Seung Huh, Hyu Jung Huh, Ji-Young Joo, Jeong-Ho Chae
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is caused by a major traumatic event, has been associated with autonomic nervous function. However, there have been few explorations of measuring biological stress in the victims' family members who have been indirectly exposed to the disaster. Therefore, this longitudinal study examined the heart rate variability (HRV) of the family members of victims of the Sewol ferry disaster. We recruited 112 family members of victims 18 months after the disaster. Sixty-seven participants were revisited at the 30 months postdisaster time point...
August 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045302/neurosteroid-levels-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-and-a-history-of-cannabis-use-disorders
#10
Brittany L Mason, Erin Van Enkevort, Francesca Filbey, Christine E Marx, John Park, Alyson Nakamura, Prabha Sunderajan, E Sherwood Brown
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: In animal models, levels of the neurosteroid pregnenolone increase after tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) administration and pregnenolone appears to attenuate the brain effects of THC. Given these interactions between pregnenolone and THC, we evaluated baseline neurosteroid levels in participants with a history of a cannabis use disorders (CUDs). METHODS/PROCEDURES: Bipolar depressed participants were enrolled in a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of add-on pregnenolone for depression and before receiving pregnenolone or placebo...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021005/trends-in-depression-prevalence-in-the-usa-from-2005-to-2015-widening-disparities-in-vulnerable-groups
#11
A H Weinberger, M Gbedemah, A M Martinez, D Nash, S Galea, R D Goodwin
BACKGROUND: Major depression is associated with significant disability, morbidity, and mortality. The current study estimated trends in the prevalence of major depression in the US population from 2005 to 2015 overall and by demographic subgroups. METHODS: Data were drawn from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), an annual cross-sectional study of US persons ages 12 and over (total analytic sample N = 607 520). Past-year depression prevalence was examined annually among respondents from 2005 to 2015...
October 12, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017064/negative-social-comparisons-and-psychosis-proneness-in-a-healthy-adolescent-population
#12
F A Cotier, T Toulopoulou
There is growing evidence of an association between negative social comparisons (NSC) and both psychosis, and psychosis proneness. The majority of the work thus far, however, has focused largely on one type of NSC, namely, social rank. Whilst social rank is clearly an important factor, an individual's perception of belonging is likely also of importance; particularly, when considering individuals from collectivistic cultures such as China, where greater emphasis is placed on fitting into the group. There is also limited research investigating what factors may contribute towards the relationship between NSC and psychosis proneness, and to what extent this relationship may be due to common familial factors...
September 1, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981917/aberrant-default-mode-network-hippocampus-connectivity-after-sad-memory-recall-in-remitted-depression
#13
Caroline A Figueroa, Roel J T Mocking, Guido van Wingen, Suzanne Martens, Henricus G Ruhé, Aart H Schene
Rumination and cognitive reactivity (dysfunctional cognitions after sad mood-induction) remain high in remitted Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and can contribute to new episodes. These factors have been linked to increased fMRI resting-state functional-connectivity within the Default-Mode Network (DMN). It remains unclear whether (I) increased DMN-connectivity persists during MDD-remission, and (II) whether sad mood-induction differentially affects DMN-connectivity in remitted-MDD versus controls. Moreover, DMN-connectivity studies in remitted-MDD were previously confounded by antidepressant-use...
September 13, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960239/estimation-and-evaluation-of-linear-individualized-treatment-rules-to-guarantee-performance
#14
Xin Qiu, Donglin Zeng, Yuanjia Wang
In clinical practice, an informative and practically useful treatment rule should be simple and transparent. However, because simple rules are likely to be far from optimal, effective methods to construct such rules must guarantee performance, in terms of yielding the best clinical outcome (highest reward) among the class of simple rules under consideration. Furthermore, it is important to evaluate the benefit of the derived rules on the whole sample and in pre-specified subgroups (e.g., vulnerable patients)...
September 28, 2017: Biometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959220/stress-related-mental-health-symptoms-in-coast-guard-incidence-vulnerability-and-neurocognitive-performance
#15
Richard J Servatius, Justin D Handy, Michael J Doria, Catherine E Myers, Christine E Marx, Robert Lipsky, Nora Ko, Pelin Avcu, W Geoffrey Wright, Jack W Tsao
U.S. Coast Guard (CG) personnel face occupational stressors (e.g., search and rescue) which compound daily life stressors encountered by civilians. However, the degree CG personnel express stress-related mental health symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) is understudied as a military branch, and little is known concerning the interplay of vulnerabilities and neurocognitive outcomes in CG personnel. The current study addressed this knowledge gap, recruiting 241 active duty CG personnel (22% female) to assess mental health, personality, and neurocognitive function...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957435/the-predictive-value-of-childhood-recurrent-abdominal-pain-for-adult-emotional-disorders-and-the-influence-of-negative-cognitive-style-findings-from-a-cohort-study
#16
Kate Stein, Rebecca M Pearson, Alan Stein, Mina Fazel
BACKGROUND: Recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) in childhood is common, with no explanatory pathology identified in the majority of cases. Previous studies have consistently demonstrated an association between childhood RAP and later emotional distress disorders. The aim of this study was to replicate this finding through the analysis of a large dataset, and explore how a negative style of thinking could potentially influence this relationship. METHODS: The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) is a population cohort of children born in the Avon area of the UK, between 1991-1992...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956948/mental-disorders-among-undocumented-mexican-immigrants-in-high-risk-neighborhoods-prevalence-comorbidity-and-vulnerabilities
#17
Luz M Garcini, Juan M Peña, Thania Galvan, Christopher P Fagundes, Vanessa Malcarne, Elizabeth A Klonoff
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to: (a) provide population-based estimates for the prevalence of mental disorders, including substance use, among undocumented Mexican immigrants; (b) assess for relevant comorbidities; and (c) identify sociodemographic, immigration and contextual vulnerabilities associated with meeting criteria for a disorder. METHOD: This cross-sectional study used Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS) to collect and analyze data from clinical interviews with 248 undocumented Mexican immigrants residing near the California-Mexico border...
October 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953774/returning-to-work-after-a-common-mental-health-disorder-a-new-preoccupation-for-mental-health-professionals
#18
Brice Lepièce, Christine Reynaert, Denis Jacques, Nicolas Zdanowicz
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, the Belgian mental healthcare system has been involved in a structural reform: the main objective of this reorganisation is to foster the reintegration in the community of patients suffering from a mental health disorder. In parallel, the role of mental health professionals has evolved these last years: from a strictly clinical role, to the preoccupation with the rehabilitation of social competencies such as enhancing patients' abilities to return to work. The aim of this paper is to explore, specifically for patients hospitalized for a common mental health disorder, the predictive variables of returning to work within 6 months after hospitalization (RTW6)...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950923/adverse-life-events-psychiatric-history-and-biological-predictors-of-postpartum-depression-in-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-of-postpartum-women
#19
J Guintivano, P F Sullivan, A M Stuebe, T Penders, J Thorp, D R Rubinow, S Meltzer-Brody
BACKGROUND: Race, psychiatric history, and adverse life events have all been independently associated with postpartum depression (PPD). However, the role these play together in Black and Latina women remains inadequately studied. Therefore, we performed a case-control study of PPD, including comprehensive assessments of symptoms and biomarkers, while examining the effects of genetic ancestry. METHODS: We recruited our sample (549 cases, 968 controls) at 6 weeks postpartum from obstetrical clinics in North Carolina...
September 27, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941119/sedentary-behavior-and-physical-activity-levels-in-people-with-schizophrenia-bipolar-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder-a-global-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Felipe B Schuch, Simon Rosenbaum, James Mugisha, Mats Hallgren, Michel Probst, Philip B Ward, Fiona Gaughran, Marc De Hert, André F Carvalho, Brendon Stubbs
People with severe mental illness (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or major depressive disorder) die up to 15 years prematurely due to chronic somatic comorbidities. Sedentary behavior and low physical activity are independent yet modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease and premature mortality in these people. A comprehensive meta-analysis exploring these risk factors is lacking in this vulnerable population. We conducted a meta-analysis investigating sedentary behavior and physical activity levels and their correlates in people with severe mental illness...
October 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
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