keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Acceptance and commitment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724306/new-psychological-therapies-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-mindfulness-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-act
#1
Beatriz Sebastián Sánchez, Jesús Gil Roales-Nieto, Nuno Bravo Ferreira, Bárbara Gil Luciano, Juan José Sebastián Domingo
The current goal of treatment in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) focuses primarily on symptom management and attempts to improve quality of life. Several treatments are at the disposal of physicians; lifestyle and dietary management, pharmacological treatments and psychological interventions are the most used and recommended. Psychological treatments have been proposed as viable alternatives or compliments to existing care models. Most forms of psychological therapies studied have been shown to be helpful in reducing symptoms and in improving the psychological component of anxiety/depression and health-related quality of life...
July 14, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722322/advanced-methods-for-dose-and-regimen-finding-during-drug-development-summary-of-the-ema-efpia-workshop-on-dose-finding-london-4-5-december-2014
#2
F T Musuamba, E Manolis, N Holford, Sya Cheung, L E Friberg, K Ogungbenro, M Posch, Jwt Yates, S Berry, N Thomas, S Corriol-Rohou, B Bornkamp, F Bretz, A C Hooker, P H Van der Graaf, J F Standing, J Hay, S Cole, V Gigante, K Karlsson, T Dumortier, N Benda, F Serone, S Das, A Brochot, F Ehmann, R Hemmings, I Skottheim Rusten
Inadequate dose selection for confirmatory trials is currently still one of the most challenging issues in drug development, as illustrated by high rates of late-stage attritions in clinical development and postmarketing commitments required by regulatory institutions. In an effort to shift the current paradigm in dose and regimen selection and highlight the availability and usefulness of well-established and regulatory-acceptable methods, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) in collaboration with the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries Association (EFPIA) hosted a multistakeholder workshop on dose finding (London 4-5 December 2014)...
July 19, 2017: CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721554/feasibility-of-a-self-help-web-based-intervention-targeting-young-cancer-patients-with-sexual-problems-and-fertility-distress
#3
Maria Wiklander, Johanna Strandquist, Claire Micaux Obol, Lars E Eriksson, Jeanette Winterling, Kenny A Rodriguez-Wallberg, Kerstin Sjögren Fugl-Meyer, Johan Ahlgren, Per Ljungman, Claudia Lampic, Lena Wettergren
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the feasibility of a self-help web-based intervention to alleviate sexual problems and fertility distress in adolescents and young adults with cancer. METHODS: Twenty-three persons with cancer (19 women and 4 men, age 18-43, 1-5 years post-diagnosis of lymphoma, breast, gynecologic, central nervous system, or testicular cancer) were recruited to test a 2-month web-based program targeting sexual problems or fertility distress...
July 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720140/a-mixed-methods-protocol-for-developing-and-testing-implementation-strategies-for-evidence-based-obesity-prevention-in-childcare-a-cluster-randomized-hybrid-type-iii-trial
#4
Taren Swindle, Susan L Johnson, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Geoffrey M Curran
BACKGROUND: Despite the potential to reach at-risk children in childcare, there is a significant gap between current practices and evidence-based obesity prevention in this setting. There are few investigations of the impact of implementation strategies on the uptake of evidence-based practices (EBPs) for obesity prevention and nutrition promotion. This study protocol describes a three-phase approach to developing and testing implementation strategies to support uptake of EBPs for obesity prevention practices in childcare (i...
July 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700566/enhancing-pediatric-clinical-trial-feasibility-through-the-use-of-bayesian-statistics
#5
Robin A Huff, Jeff D Maca, Mala Puri, Earl W Seltzer
BACKGROUND: Pediatric clinical trials commonly experience recruitment challenges, including limited numbers of patients and investigators, inclusion/exclusion criteria that further reduce the patient pool, and a competitive research landscape created by pediatric regulatory commitments. To overcome these challenges, innovative approaches are needed. METHODS: This article explores the use of Bayesian statistics to improve pediatric trial feasibility, using pediatric type 2 diabetes as an example...
July 12, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693580/telemedicine-and-other-care-models-in-pediatric-rheumatology-an-exploratory-study-of-parents-perceptions-of-barriers-to-care-and-care-preferences
#6
Danielle R Bullock, Richard K Vehe, Lei Zhang, Colleen K Correll
BACKGROUND: The United States pediatric rheumatology workforce is committed to a mission of providing children access to pediatric rheumatology care. With a limited number and distribution of pediatric rheumatologists, telemedicine has been proposed as one way to meet this mission, yet the adoption of this modality has been slower than expected. The purpose of this study was to explore the parent perspective on barriers to accessing pediatric rheumatology care and to explore the acceptability of telemedicine and other alternative care models...
July 11, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689449/evaluating-an-adjunctive-mobile-app-to-enhance-psychological-flexibility-in-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy
#7
Michael E Levin, Jack Haeger, Benjamin Pierce, Rick A Cruz
The primary aims of this study were to evaluate the feasibility and potential efficacy of a novel adjunctive mobile app designed to enhance the acquisition, strengthening, and generalization of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) skills being taught in therapy. A sample of 14 depressed/anxious clients receiving ACT used the ACT Daily app for 2 weeks in a pre-post, open trial design. Participants reported a high degree of program satisfaction. Clients significantly improved over the 2-week period on depression and anxiety symptoms as well as a range of psychological inflexibility measures...
July 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687263/brief-mindfulness-practices-for-healthcare-providers-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Heather Gilmartin, Anupama Goyal, Mary C Hamati, Jason Mann, Sanjay Saint, Vineet Chopra
Mindfulness practice, where an individual maintains openness, patience, and acceptance, while focusing attention on a situation in a non-judgmental way, can improve symptoms of anxiety, burnout, and depression. The practice is relevant for healthcare providers; however, the time commitment is a barrier to practice. For this reason, brief mindfulness interventions (e.g. ≤ four hours) are being introduced. We systematically reviewed the literature from inception to January 2017 regarding the effects of brief mindfulness interventions on provider well-being and behavior...
July 4, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685035/initiating-a-participatory-action-research-process-in-the-agincourt-health-and-socio-demographic-surveillance-site
#9
Oghenebrume Wariri, Lucia D'Ambruoso, Rhian Twine, Sizzy Ngobeni, Maria van der Merwe, Barry Spies, Kathleen Kahn, Stephen Tollman, Ryan G Wagner, Peter Byass
BACKGROUND: Despite progressive health policy, disease burdens in South Africa remain patterned by deeply entrenched social inequalities. Accounting for the relationships between context, health and risk can provide important information for equitable service delivery. The aims of the research were to initiate a participatory research process with communities in a low income setting and produce evidence of practical relevance. METHODS: We initiated a participatory action research (PAR) process in the Agincourt health and socio-demographic surveillance site (HDSS) in rural north-east South Africa...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679574/cheating-after-the-test-who-does-it-and-how-often
#10
Kristine Ottaway, Coral Murrant, Kerry Ritchie
Self-reports suggest >50% of university students cheat at some point in their academic career (Christensen Hughes JM, McCabe DL. Can J High Educ 36: 49-63, 2006), although objective values of academic misconduct (AM) are difficult to obtain. In a physiology-based department, we had a concern that students were altering written tests and resubmitting them for higher grades; thereby compromising the integrity of our primary assessment style. Therefore, we directly quantified the prevalence of AM on written tests in 11 courses across the department...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675714/processes-of-recovery-through-routine-or-specialist-treatment-for-borderline-personality-disorder-bpd-a-qualitative-study
#11
Christina Katsakou, Nancy Pistrang, Kirsten Barnicot, Hayley White, Stefan Priebe
BACKGROUND: Recovery processes in borderline personality disorder (BPD) are poorly understood. AIMS: This study explored how recovery in BPD occurs through routine or specialist treatment, as perceived by service users (SUs) and therapists. METHODS: SUs were recruited from two specialist BPD services, three community mental health teams, and one psychological therapies service. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 48 SUs and 15 therapists...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674509/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-music-performance-anxiety-a-pilot-study-with-student-vocalists
#12
David G Juncos, Glenn A Heinrichs, Philip Towle, Kiera Duffy, Sebastian M Grand, Matthew C Morgan, Jonathan D Smith, Evan Kalkus
This study investigated the use of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) as a treatment for music performance anxiety (MPA) in an uncontrolled pilot design. ACT is a newer, "third-wave" therapy that differs from previous MPA treatments, because its goal is not to reduce symptoms of MPA. Rather, ACT aims to enhance psychological flexibility in the presence of unwanted symptoms through the promotion of six core processes collectively known as the ACT "Hexaflex." A small group of student vocalists (N = 7) from an elite choral college were recruited using objective criteria for evaluating MPA...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666425/a-process-evaluation-exploring-the-lay-counsellor-experience-of-delivering-a-task-shared-psycho-social-intervention-for-perinatal-depression-in-khayelitsha-south-africa
#13
Memory Munodawafa, Crick Lund, Marguerite Schneider
BACKGROUND: Task sharing of psycho-social interventions for perinatal depression has been shown to be feasible, acceptable and effective in low and middle-income countries. This study conducted a process evaluation exploring the perceptions of counsellors who delivered a task shared psycho-social counselling intervention for perinatal depression in Khayelitsha, Cape Town together with independent fidelity ratings. METHODS: Post intervention qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with six counsellors from the AFrica Focus on Intervention Research for Mental health (AFFIRM-SA) randomised controlled trial on their perceptions of delivering a task shared psycho-social intervention for perinatal depression...
July 1, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662270/the-case-of-abel-religion-as-boon-and-bane-for-a-catholic-gay-man
#14
Armand R Cerbone, Graham Danzer
Conservative religions that condemn homosexual sexual orientation and acts as unnatural and sinful pose significant challenges for gay persons whose faith is a core part of their identity. The condemnation presents a serious barrier to the acceptance and integration of their sexuality, a primary task of psychosexual development. As a result, they can manifest depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, and even suicide attempts. The ecclesiastical censure also imposes an untenable dilemma for homosexuals in that they feel pressed to reject their sexual identity or renounce their spiritual identity and heritage...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661189/transdiagnostic-group-based-occupational-rehabilitation-for-participants-with-chronic-pain-chronic-fatigue-and-common-mental-disorders-a-feasibility-study
#15
Karen Walseth Hara, Petter Christian Borchgrevink, Henrik Børsting Jacobsen, Marius Steiro Fimland, Marit By Rise, Sigmund Gismervik, Astrid Woodhouse
PURPOSE: The aim was to investigate the feasibility of introducing a novel transdiagnostic occupational rehabilitation program delivered in groups mixing participants with chronic pain, chronic fatigue and common mental disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational data on group climate and individual participation were triangulated with qualitative data from focus group interviews on the participants' experiences with transdiagnostic groups. RESULTS: The study included 222 participants receiving a temporary work disability benefit...
June 29, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660732/-part-of-the-team-mapping-the-outcomes-of-training-patients-for-new-roles-in-health-research-and-planning
#16
Svetlana Shklarov, Deborah A Marshall, Tracy Wasylak, Nancy J Marlett
BACKGROUND: A patient research internship (Patient and Community Engagement Research program-PaCER) was created to support a provincial commitment by Alberta Health Services' Strategic Clinical Networks(™) to find new ways to engage patients in a new interdisciplinary organization to support evidence-informed improvements in clinical outcomes across the health system. OBJECTIVE: Implement and test a new research method and training curriculum to build patient capacity for engagement in health through peer-to-peer research...
June 28, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659827/increased-postnatal-cardiac-hyperplasia-precedes-cardiomyocyte-hypertrophy-in-a-model-of-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#17
Emily T Farrell, Adrian C Grimes, Willem J de Lange, Annie E Armstrong, J Carter Ralphe
Rationale: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) occurs in ~0.5% of the population and is a leading cause of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young adults. Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy has been the accepted mechanism for cardiac enlargement in HCM, but the early signaling responsible for initiating hypertrophy is poorly understood. Mutations in cardiac myosin binding protein C (MYBPC3) are among the most common HCM-causing mutations. Ablation of Mybpc3 in an HCM mouse model (cMyBP-C(-/-)) rapidly leads to cardiomegaly by postnatal day (PND) 9, though hearts are indistinguishable from wild-type (WT) at birth...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658017/rethinking-the-match-a-proposal-for-modern-match-making
#18
Chris Ray, Steven E Bishop, Alan W Dow
Since the 1950s, the National Resident Matching Program, or "the Match," has governed the placement of medical students into residencies. The Match was created to protect students in an era when residency positions outnumbered applicants and hospitals pressured students early in their academic careers to commit to a residency position. Now, however, applicants outnumber positions, applicants are applying to increasing numbers of programs, and the costs of the Match for applicants and programs are high. Meanwhile, medical education is evolving toward a competency-based approach, a U...
June 27, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655288/together-they-stand-interpreting-not-at-issue-content
#19
Lyn Frazier, Brian Dillon, Charles Clifton
Potts unified the account of appositives, parentheticals, expressives, and honorifics as 'Not- At-Issue' (NAI) content, treating them as a natural class semantically in behaving like root (unembedded) structures, typically expressing speaker commitments, and being interpreted independently of At-Issue content. We propose that NAI content expresses a complete speech act distinct from the speech act of the containing utterance. The speech act hypothesis leads us to expect the semantic properties Potts established...
June 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653965/factors-influencing-the-underreporting-of-concussion-in-sports-a-qualitative-study-of-minor-hockey-participants
#20
Michael D Cusimano, Jane Topolovec-Vranic, Stanley Zhang, Sarah J Mullen, Mattew Wong, Gabriela Ilie
OBJECTIVE: The present study is to identify factors contributing to underreporting of concussion in adolescent athletes. DESIGN: Qualitative interviews. SETTING: Participants were interviewed in an office environment. PARTICIPANTS: Interviews were conducted with 31 minor hockey players, 10 parents, 6 coaches, 4 trainers, 2 managers, and one game official. Players were 13 to 15 year old. With selective sampling, an inductive approach of analyzing the interviews was undertaken and themes were identified and analyzed...
July 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
keyword
keyword
53690
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"