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Acceptance and commitment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212657/pharmacists-views-and-reported-practices-in-relation-to-a-new-generic-drug-substitution-policy-in-lebanon-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Fadi El-Jardali, Racha Fadlallah, Rami Z Morsi, Nour Hemadi, Mounir Al-Gibbawi, Magda Haj, Suzan Khalil, Youssef Saklawi, Diana Jamal, Elie A Akl
BACKGROUND: Governments in both developed and developing countries have adopted generic drug substitution policies to decrease pharmaceutical expenditures and improve access to medicine. In August 2015, the Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) in Lebanon introduced generic drug substitution and a unified medical prescription form as policy instruments to promote generic drug use. The objective of this exploratory study was to examine the attitudes of community pharmacists and the reported practices in relation to the implementation of the new generic drug substitution policy...
February 17, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204691/treatment-of-chronic-pain-for-adults-65-and-over-analyses-of-outcomes-and-changes-in-psychological-flexibility-following-interdisciplinary-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-act
#2
Whitney Scott, Aisling Daly, Lin Yu, Lance M McCracken
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202500/canwalk-a-feasibility-study-with-embedded-randomised-controlled-trial-pilot-of-a-walking-intervention-for-people-with-recurrent-or-metastatic-cancer
#3
Vicki Tsianakas, Jenny Harris, Emma Ream, Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Arnie Purushotham, Lorelei Mucci, James S A Green, Jacquetta Fewster, Jo Armes
OBJECTIVES: Walking is an adaptable, inexpensive and accessible form of physical activity. However, its impact on quality of life (QoL) and symptom severity in people with advanced cancer is unknown. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of a community-based walking intervention to enhance QoL in people with recurrent/metastatic cancer. DESIGN: We used a mixed-methods design comprising a 2-centre RCT and nested qualitative interviews...
February 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196772/intervening-variables-in-group-based-acceptance-commitment-therapy-for-severe-health-anxiety
#4
Trine Eilenberg, Ditte Hoffmann, Jens S Jensen, Lisbeth Frostholm
OBJECTIVE: The present study is based on a previously reported successful randomized controlled trial (RCT) on Acceptance and Commitment Group therapy (ACT-G) for severe health anxiety (HA) and investigates intervening variables of ACT for HA. The process primarily targeted by ACT is psychological flexibility (PF). No randomized study has yet examined the possible intervening variables of ACT for HA. METHODS: 126 patients diagnosed with severe HA were enrolled in the RCT of which 107 were included in the analyses...
January 19, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190407/validity-evidence-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-automatic-thoughts-questionnaire-8-in-colombia
#5
Francisco J Ruiz, Juan C Suárez-Falcón, Diana Riaño-Hernández
The Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ) is a widely used, 30-item, 5-point Likert-type scale that measures the frequency of negative automatic thoughts as experienced by individuals suffering from depression. However, there is some controversy about the factor structure of the ATQ, and its application can be too time-consuming for survey research. Accordingly, an abbreviated, 8-item version of the ATQ has been proposed. The aim of this study was to analyze the validity evidence of the Spanish version of the ATQ-8 in Colombia...
February 13, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183404/student-eri-psychometric-properties-of-a-new-brief-measure-of-effort-reward-imbalance-among-university-students
#6
Natalia Wege, Jian Li, Thomas Muth, Peter Angerer, Johannes Siegrist
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial stress among university students, particularly medical students, is considered a widely prevalent problem. There is a need for valid measurement of an adverse psychosocial stress environment in university settings. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of a newly developed short student version of the effort-reward imbalance (ERI) questionnaire in a sample of medical students. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey with a self-administrated questionnaire containing three scales was conducted among 406 medical students...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175080/p370-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-stress-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#7
H Mulcahy, B Wynne, L McHugh, C Rowan, K Byrne, D Keegan, K Hartery, B Dooley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162743/-491-telehealth-verses-in-person-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-chronic-pain
#8
M Herbert, N Afari, M Bondi, T Rutledge, J Atkinson, J Wetherell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160720/increasing-valued-behaviors-precedes-reduction-in-suffering-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-using-act
#9
Andrew T Gloster, Jens Klotsche, Joseph Ciarrochi, Georg Eifert, Rainer Sonntag, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Jürgen Hoyer
BACKGROUND: Psychological flexibility theory (PFT) suggests three key processes of change: increases in value-directed behaviors, reduction in struggle with symptoms, and reduction in suffering. We hypothesized that Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) would change these processes and that increases in valued action and decreases in struggle would precede change in suffering. METHOD: Data were derived from a randomized clinical trial testing ACT (vs. waitlist) for treatment-resistant patients with primary panic disorder with/without agoraphobia (n = 41)...
January 24, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160719/both-positive-mental-health-and-psychopathology-should-be-monitored-in-psychotherapy-confirmation-for-the-dual-factor-model-in-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy
#10
H R Trompetter, S M A Lamers, G J Westerhof, M Fledderus, E T Bohlmeijer
The dual-factor model of mental health suggests that enhancing positive mental health and alleviating psychopathology do not automatically go hand-in-hand. This study investigates the relationship between the effectiveness on depression/anxiety symptoms and positive mental health of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). It draws on RCT data (n = 250) of a self-help ACT. Patients' depression/anxiety symptoms and positive mental health were completed at baseline, at post-intervention after nine weeks, and at follow-up after five months...
January 19, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156558/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-psychology-referrals-in-palliative-care
#11
Eduardo Bruera, Monica T Agosta, Diana Guzman, John M Najera, Monica Raznahan, Janet L Williams, Cindy L Carmack
: 230 Background: Despite high distress, a small percentage of cancer patients are referred for psychological care. MD Anderson's interdisciplinary Palliative Care team recruited 2 clinical psychologists in 9/2013. The demand for services exceeded capacity; thus a 3rd psychologist and 3 counselors were added in 6/2015. METHODS: Retrospective review of 2827 unique patients (6451 total contacts) from 9/1/2013 to 2/29/2016, including billable (psychologists) and non-billable (counselors) services...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153937/beliefs-and-attitudes-to-bowel-cancer-screening-in-patients-with-ckd-a-semistructured-interview-study
#12
Laura J James, Germaine Wong, Jonathan C Craig, Angela Ju, Narelle Williams, Wai H Lim, Nicholas Cross, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bowel cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related death in people with CKD. Shared decision making regarding cancer screening is particularly complex in CKD and requires an understanding of patients' values and priorities, which remain largely unknown. Our study aimed to describe the beliefs and attitudes to bowel cancer screening in patients with CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Face to face, semistructured interviews were conducted from April of 2014 to December of 2015 with 38 participants ages 39-78 years old with CKD stages 3-5, on dialysis, or transplant recipients from four renal units in Australia and New Zealand...
February 2, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146108/acceptance%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-commitment%C3%A2-therapy%C3%A2-for%C3%A2-pediatric%C3%A2-chronic%C3%A2-pain-%C3%A2-theory%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-application
#13
REVIEW
Melissa Pielech, Kevin E Vowles, Rikard Wicksell
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a third wave behavior therapy approach which aims to increase engagement in activities that bring meaning, vitality, and value to the lives of individuals experiencing persistent pain, discomfort, or distress. This goal is particularly relevant when these aversive experiences cannot be effectively avoided or when avoidance efforts risk their exacerbation, all of which may be common experiences in children and adolescents with chronic pain conditions. The primary aim of the present paper is to review and summarize the extant literature on the application, utility, and evidence for using ACT with pediatric chronic pain populations by: (1) defining the theoretical assumptions of the ACT model; (2) summarizing research study findings and relevant measures from the published literature; and (3) critically discussing the strengths, limitations and areas in need of further development...
January 30, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139155/nurses-experiences-of-the-use-of-an-internet-based-support-system-for-adolescents-with-depressive-disorders
#14
Marjo Kurki, Minna Anttila, Marita Koivunen, Mauri Marttunen, Maritta Välimäki
BACKGROUND: Internet-based applications are potentially useful and effective interventions to reach and support adolescents with mental health problems. Adolescents' commitment to the use of a new Internet-based intervention is closely related to the support they receive from healthcare professionals. This study describes nurses' experiences of the use of an Internet-based support system for adolescents with depressive disorders. METHOD: Qualitative descriptive study design including individual interviews with nine nurses at two psychiatric outpatient clinics...
January 31, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131700/change-in-self-as-context-perspective-taking-occurs-in-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-people-with-chronic-pain-and-is-associated-with-improved-functioning
#15
Lin Yu, Sam Norton, Lance M McCracken
: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is based on the Psychological Flexibility (PF) model, which includes a therapeutic process, referred to as "self-as-context" (SAC). This study investigates whether ACT is associated with an effect on SAC and whether this effect is linked to treatment outcomes in people with chronic pain. 412 adults referred to a pain management center participated in the study. Participants completed measures of treatment processes (SAC, pain acceptance) and outcomes (pain-related interference, work and social adjustment, depression) before treatment, upon completion of treatment, and at nine-month follow-up...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129556/neural-responses-to-social-threat-and-predictors-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-in-social-anxiety-disorder
#16
Lisa J Burklund, Jared B Torre, Matthew D Lieberman, Shelley E Taylor, Michelle G Craske
Previous research has often highlighted hyperactivity in emotion regions to simple, static social threat cues in social anxiety disorder (SAD). Investigation of the neurobiology of SAD using more naturalistic paradigms can further reveal underlying mechanisms and how these relate to clinical outcomes. We used fMRI to investigate responses to novel dynamic rejection stimuli in individuals with SAD (N=70) and healthy controls (HC; N=17), and whether these responses predicted treatment outcomes following cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)...
December 28, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129555/treatment-for-social-anxiety-disorder-alters-functional-connectivity-in-emotion-regulation-neural-circuitry
#17
Katherine S Young, Lisa J Burklund, Jared B Torre, Darby Saxbe, Matthew D Lieberman, Michelle G Craske
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterized at a neurobiological level by disrupted activity in emotion regulation neural circuitry. Previous work has demonstrated amygdala hyperreactivity and disrupted prefrontal responses to social cues in individuals with SAD (Kim et al., 2011). While exposure-based psychological treatments effectively reduce SAD symptoms, not all individuals respond to treatment. Better understanding of the neural mechanisms involved offers the potential to improve treatment efficacy...
January 16, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125267/strengthening-the-rural-dietetics-workforce-examining-early-effects-of-the-northern-ontario-dietetic-internship-program-on-recruitment-and-retention
#18
Mary Ellen Hill, Denise Raftis, Pamela Wakewich
INTRODUCTION: As with other allied health professions, recruitment and retention of dietitians to positions in rural and isolated positions is challenging. The aim of this study was to examine the early effects of the Northern Ontario Dietetic Internship Program (NODIP) on recruitment and retention of dietitians to rural and northern dietetics practice. The program is unique in being the only postgraduate dietetics internship program in Canada that actively selects candidates who have a desire to live and work in northern and rural areas...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121288/start2quit-a-randomised-clinical-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-using-personal-tailored-risk-information-and-taster-sessions-to-increase-the-uptake-of-the-nhs-stop-smoking-services
#19
Hazel Gilbert, Stephen Sutton, Richard Morris, Irene Petersen, Qi Wu, Steve Parrott, Simon Galton, Dimitra Kale, Molly Sweeney Magee, Leanne Gardner, Irwin Nazareth
BACKGROUND: The NHS Stop Smoking Services (SSSs) offer help to smokers who want to quit. However, the proportion of smokers attending the SSSs is low and current figures show a continuing downward trend. This research addressed the problem of how to motivate more smokers to accept help to quit. OBJECTIVES: To assess the relative effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness, of an intervention consisting of proactive recruitment by a brief computer-tailored personal risk letter and an invitation to a 'Come and Try it' taster session to provide information about the SSSs, compared with a standard generic letter advertising the service, in terms of attendance at the SSSs of at least one session and validated 7-day point prevalent abstinence at the 6-month follow-up...
January 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112525/development-of-the-first-guideline-for-professional-conduct-in-medical-practice-in-iran
#20
Saeedeh Saeedi Tehrani, Fatemeh Nayeri, Alireza Parsapoor, Ali Jafarian, Ali Labaf, Azim Mirzazadeh, Hamid Emadi Kouchak, Farhad Shahi, Nazafarin Ghasemzadeh, Fariba Asghari
INTRODUCTION: Professional behavior is first learned at the university. One of the necessary considerations in maintaining the professional environment of the university is establishing a set of codes for the behavior of physicians and medical students. This paper describes the process of developing the professional code of conduct in Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: A review of Iranian and international literature was performed to develop the first draft of the guideline...
January 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
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