keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Acceptance and commitment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430015/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-mindfulness-and-acceptance-group-therapy-for-residential-substance-use-patients
#1
Ryan C Shorey, Joanna Elmquist, Michael J Gawrysiak, Catherine Strauss, Ellen Haynes, Scott Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders are understood as a chronically relapsing condition that is difficult to treat. However, in recent years there have been promising developments in the treatment of substance use disorders, specifically with interventions based on mindfulness and acceptance and commitment therapy. Little research has examined whether these types of interventions may positively impact residential substance use treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVES: Thus, in the current study we developed and examined, in a randomized controlled trial, a 4-week, eight-session, adjunctive mindfulness and acceptance group therapy for patients in residential substance use treatment...
April 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426540/family-functioning-predicts-end-of-life-care-quality-in-patients-with-cancer-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Myung Kyung Lee, Young Ho Yun
BACKGROUND: Treating patients with cancer within a family setting is the accepted standard of care and a hallmark of end-of-life (EoL) quality of care (QoC). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether family caregiver functioning predicts EoL QoC received by terminally ill patients with cancer. METHODS: Family caregivers of terminally ill patients with cancer (n = 264) were enrolled from oncology inpatient and outpatient units of 12 large hospitals located in different regions throughout South Korea...
April 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415767/unique-properties-of-thymic-antigen-presenting-cells-promote-epigenetic-imprinting-of-alloantigen-specific-regulatory-t-cells
#3
Garima Garg, Eirini Nikolouli, Matthias Hardtke-Wolenski, Aras Toker, Naganari Ohkura, Michael Beckstette, Takahisa Miyao, Robert Geffers, Stefan Floess, Norbert Gerdes, Esther Lutgens, Anke Osterloh, Shohei Hori, Shimon Sakaguchi, Elmar Jaeckel, Jochen Huehn
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are potential immunotherapeutic candidates to induce transplantation tolerance. However, stability of Tregs still remains contentious and may potentially restrict their clinical use. Recent work suggested that epigenetic imprinting of Foxp3 and other Treg-specific signature genes is crucial for stabilization of immunosuppressive properties of Foxp3+ Tregs, and that these events are initiated already during early stages of thymic Treg development. However, the mechanisms governing this process remain largely unknown...
March 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414018/psychological-flexibility-mediates-change-in-intuitive-eating-regulation-in-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-interventions
#4
Essi Sairanen, Asko Tolvanen, Leila Karhunen, Marjukka Kolehmainen, Elina Järvelä-Reijonen, Sanni Lindroos, Katri Peuhkuri, Riitta Korpela, Miikka Ermes, Elina Mattila, Raimo Lappalainen
OBJECTIVE: Despite the promising results related to intuitive eating, few studies have attempted to explain the processes encouraging this adaptive eating behaviour. The focus of the present study was on exploring mechanisms of change in intuitive eating and weight in acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) interventions. Mediation provides important information regarding the treatment processes and theoretical models related to specific treatment approaches. The study investigates whether psychological flexibility, mindfulness skills and sense of coherence mediated the interventions' effect on intuitive eating and weight...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409675/the-relation-between-driving-violations-and-health-promotion-behaviors-among-undergraduate-students-self-report-of-road-behavior
#5
Liat Korn, Yossi Weiss, Tova Rosenbloom
Introduction The purposes of this study are to characterize the Israeli undergraduate students' driving violations in the terms of Problem Behavior Theory and to identify if there is any relationship between driving violations and health risk behaviors, daring behaviors, excitement-seeking, and health promotion behaviors. Methods This study is based on a structured self-reported anonymous questionnaire distributed to undergraduate students in an academic institution. The sample included 533 undergraduate students (374 females and 159 males)...
April 14, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401924/the-human-coparental-bond-implicates-distinct-corticostriatal-pathways-longitudinal-impact-on-family-formation-and-child-well-being
#6
Eyal Abraham, Gadi Gilam, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon, Yael Jacob, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Talma Hendler, Ruth Feldman
Alloparental care, the cooperative care of offspring by group members other than the biological mother, has been widely practiced since early hominin evolution to increase infant survival and thriving. The coparental bond-a relationship of solidarity and commitment between two adults who join their effort to care for children- is a central contributor to children's well-being and sociality; yet, the neural basis of coparenting has not been studied in humans. Here, we followed 84 first-time co-parents (42 couples) across the first six years of family formation, including opposite-sex and same-sex couples, measured brain response to coparental stimuli, observed collaborative and undermining coparental behaviors in infancy and preschool, assayed oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP), and measured coparenting and child behavior problems at six years...
April 12, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401905/apterous-brain-neurons-control-receptivity-to-male-courtship-in-drosophila-melanogaster-females
#7
Márcia M Aranha, Dennis Herrmann, Hugo Cachitas, Ricardo M Neto-Silva, Sophie Dias, Maria Luísa Vasconcelos
Courtship behaviours allow animals to interact and display their qualities before committing to reproduction. In fly courtship, the female decides whether or not to mate and is thought to display receptivity by slowing down to accept the male. Very little is known on the neuronal brain circuitry controlling female receptivity. Here we use genetic manipulation and behavioural studies to identify a novel set of neurons in the brain that controls sexual receptivity in the female without triggering the postmating response...
April 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401508/on-effectiveness-and-legitimacy-of-shaming-as-a-strategy-for-combatting-climate-change
#8
Behnam Taebi, Azar Safari
While states have agreed to substantial reduction of emissions in the Paris Agreement, the success of the Agreement strongly depends on the cooperation of large Multinational Corporations. Short of legal obligations, we discuss the effectiveness and moral legitimacy of voluntary approaches based on naming and shaming. We argue that effectiveness and legitimacy are closely tied together; as voluntary approaches are the only alternative to legally imposed duties, they are most morally defensible particularly if they would be the most effective in reducing the harmful greenhouse gases...
April 11, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401441/effect-of-inpatient-multicomponent-occupational-rehabilitation-versus-less-comprehensive-outpatient-rehabilitation-on-sickness-absence-in-persons-with-musculoskeletal-or-mental-health-disorders-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Lene Aasdahl, Kristine Pape, Ottar Vasseljen, Roar Johnsen, Sigmund Gismervik, Vidar Halsteinli, Nils Fleten, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Purpose To assess effects of an inpatient multicomponent occupational rehabilitation program compared to less comprehensive outpatient rehabilitation on sickness absence in persons with musculoskeletal- or mental health disorders. Methods Randomized clinical trial with parallel groups. Participants were individuals 18-60 years old on sick-leave for 2-12 months with a sick-leave diagnosis within the musculoskeletal, psychological or general and unspecified chapters of ICPC-2, identified in a national register...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397334/a-nurse-led-education-and-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-based-intervention-among-adults-with-uncontrolled-type-2-diabetes-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Lisa C Whitehead, Marie T Crowe, Janet D Carter, Virginia R Maskill, Dave Carlyle, Carol Bugge, Chris M A Frampton
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Diabetes mellitus is associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and escalating health care costs. Research has consistently demonstrated the importance of glycaemic control in delaying the onset, and decreasing the incidence, of both the short-term and long-term complications of diabetes. Although glycaemic control is difficult to achieve and challenging to maintain, it is key to reducing negative disease outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine whether a nurse-led educational intervention alone or a nurse-led intervention using education and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) was effective in reducing hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c ) in people living with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes compared to usual care...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397314/supporting-clinical-leadership-through-action-the-nurse-consultant-role
#11
Elizabeth Rosser, Rachael Grey, Deborah Neal, Julie Reeve, Caroline Smith, Janine Valentine
The aim is to evaluate the effectiveness of an action learning set (ALS) to enhance clinical leadership and extend their scope and confidence more strategically. BACKGROUND: As the most senior clinical role in most healthcare systems, the consultant nurse role is a solitary one. They are required to develop personal resilience, commitment and a belief in their ability to lead, with new consultants needing a strong support network to succeed. DESIGN: Following a two year ALS, four nurse consultants, one therapy consultant, and a university educationalist engaged in a co-operative inquiry approach using four cycles of discussion, reflection, analysis and action over an 18 month period from March 2015 - July 2016, to learn how to change and enhance their working practices...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395502/reirradiation-of-head-and-neck-cancer-in-the-era-of-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-patient-selection-practical-aspects-and-current-evidence
#12
REVIEW
Yeon Sil Kim
Locoregional failure is the most frequent pattern of failure in locally advanced head and neck cancer patients and it leads to death in most of the patients. Second primary tumors occurring in the other head and neck region reach up to almost 40% of long-term survivors. Recommended and preferred retreatment option in operable patients is salvage surgical resection, reporting a 5-year overall survival of up to 40%. However, because of tumor location, extent, and underlying comorbidities, salvage surgery is often limited and compromised by incomplete resection...
March 2017: Radiation Oncology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392713/a-case-report-on-the-treatment-of-complex-chronic-pain-and-opioid-dependence-by-a-multidisciplinary-transitional-pain-service-using-the-act-matrix-and-buprenorphine-naloxone
#13
Aliza Z Weinrib, Lindsay C Burns, Alex Mu, Muhammad Abid Azam, Salima Sj Ladak, Karen McRae, Rita Katznelson, Saam Azargive, Cieran Tran, Joel Katz, Hance Clarke
In an era of growing concern about opioid prescribing, the postsurgical period remains a critical window with the risk of significant opioid dose escalation, particularly in patients with a history of chronic pain and presurgical opioid use. The purpose of this case report is to describe the multidisciplinary care of a complex, postsurgical pain patient by an innovative transitional pain service (TPS). A 59-year-old male with complex chronic pain, as well as escalating long-term opioid use, presented with a bleeding duodenal ulcer requiring emergency surgery...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380341/effect-of-personality-traits-age-and-sex-on-aggressive-driving-psychometric-adaptation-of-the-driver-aggression-indicators-scale-in-china
#14
Huihui Zhang, Weina Qu, Yan Ge, Xianghong Sun, Kan Zhang
This study aimed to assess the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Driver Aggression Indicators Scale (DAIS), which measures aggressive driving behaviors. Besides, demographic variables (sex and age) and the big five personality traits were examined as potential impact factors of aggressive driving. A total of 422 participants completed the DAIS, Big Five Personality Inventory (BFPI), and the socio-demographic scale. First, psychometric results confirmed that the DAIS had a stable two-factor structure and acceptable internal consistency...
April 2, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357131/aquatic-therapy-for-boys-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-dmd-an-external-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Daniel Hind, James Parkin, Victoria Whitworth, Saleema Rex, Tracey Young, Lisa Hampson, Jennie Sheehan, Chin Maguire, Hannah Cantrill, Elaine Scott, Heather Epps, Marion Main, Michelle Geary, Heather McMurchie, Lindsey Pallant, Daniel Woods, Jennifer Freeman, Ellen Lee, Michelle Eagle, Tracey Willis, Francesco Muntoni, Peter Baxter
BACKGROUND: Standard treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) includes regular physiotherapy. There are no data to show whether adding aquatic therapy (AT) to land-based exercises helps maintain motor function. We assessed the feasibility of recruiting and collecting data from boys with DMD in a parallel-group pilot randomised trial (primary objective), also assessing how intervention and trial procedures work. METHODS: Ambulant boys with DMD aged 7-16 years established on steroids, with North Star Ambulatory Assessment (NSAA) score ≥8, who were able to complete a 10-m walk test without aids or assistance, were randomly allocated (1:1) to 6 months of either optimised land-based exercises 4 to 6 days/week, defined by local community physiotherapists, or the same 4 days/week plus AT 2 days/week...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342891/cost-utility-of-group-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-fibromyalgia-versus-recommended-drugs-an-economic-analysis-alongside-a-6-month-randomised-controlled-trial-conducted-in-spain-effigact-study
#16
Juan V Luciano, Francesco D'Amico, Albert Feliu-Soler, Lance M McCracken, Jaume Aguado, María T Peñarrubia-María, Martin Knapp, Antoni Serrano-Blanco, Javier García-Campayo
The aim of this study was to analyse the cost-utility of a group-based form of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (GACT) in patients with fibromyalgia (FM) compared to patients receiving recommended pharmacological treatment (RPT) or on a waiting list (WL). The data were derived from a previously published study, an RCT that focused on clinical outcomes. Health economic outcomes included health-related quality of life and healthcare use at baseline and at 6-month follow-up using the EuroQol (EQ-5D-3L) and the Client Service Receipt Inventory (CSRI), respectively...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342053/an-increasing-problem-in-publication-ethics-publication-bias-and-editors-role-in-avoiding-it
#17
Perihan Elif Ekmekci
Publication bias is defined as "the tendency on the parts of investigators, reviewers, and editors to submit or accept manuscripts for publication based on the direction or the strength of the study findings."Publication bias distorts the accumulated data in the literature, causes the over estimation of potential benefits of intervention and mantles the risks and adverse effects, and creates a barrier to assessing the clinical utility of drugs as well as evaluating the long-term safety of medical interventions...
March 25, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327079/patterns-of-practice-in-community-mental-health-treatment-of-adult-depression
#18
Cara C Lewis, C Nathan Marti, Brigid R Marriott, Kelli Scott, David Ayer
OBJECTIVE: Community mental health therapists often endorse an eclectic orientation, but few studies reveal how therapists utilize elements of evidence-based psychotherapies. This study aimed to characterize treatment as usual patterns of practice among therapists treating depressed adults in community mental health settings. METHOD: Therapists (N = 165) from the USA's largest not-for-profit provider of community-based mental health services completed surveys assessing their demographics and practice element use with depressed adult clients...
March 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326196/iact-cel-a-feasibility-trial-of-a-face-to-face-and-internet-based-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-intervention-for-chronic-pain-in-singapore
#19
Su-Yin Yang, Rona Moss-Morris, Lance M McCracken
Psychological interventions are increasingly utilising online or mobile phone based platforms to deliver treatment, including that for people with chronic pain. The aims of this study were to develop an adapted form of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for chronic pain in Singapore and to test the feasibility of elements of this treatment delivered via the internet and email. Methods. Thirty-three participants recruited from a tertiary pain management clinic and via the clinic website participated in this program over a period of five weeks with a 3-month follow-up...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323560/experiences-of-men-who-commit-to-romantic-relationships-with-younger-breast-cancer-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#20
Rachel A Freidus
This phenomenological study examined the experiences of men who committed to romantic relationships with women under 50, post-breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. Twelve men from throughout the United States, who were dating their partner for at least 6 months, participated in semistructured interviews. Findings focused on initial disclosure timing, previous experience/knowledge about the cancer, reacting with acceptance despite concerns, focusing on love/connection, respecting and admiring the survivor, and the ongoing impact of cancer on the relationship...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
keyword
keyword
53690
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"