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Acceptance and commitment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818541/understanding-threats-to-polio-vaccine-commitment-among-caregivers-in-high-priority-areas-of-afghanistan-a-polling-study
#1
Gillian K SteelFisher, Robert J Blendon, Sherine Guirguis, William Lodge, Hannah Caporello, Vincent Petit, Michael Coleman, Matthew R Williams, Sardar Mohammad Parwiz, Melissa Corkum, Scott Gardner, Eran N Ben-Porath
BACKGROUND: Eradication of poliovirus from endemic countries relies on vaccination of children with oral polio vaccine (OPV) many times a year until the age of 5 years. We aimed to determine caregivers' commitment to OPV in districts of Afghanistan at high risk for polio transmission and to examine what knowledge, attitudes, or experiences could threaten commitment. METHODS: We designed and analysed a poll using face-to-face interviews among caregivers of children under 5 years of age...
August 14, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812306/barber-led-sexual-health-education-intervention-for-black-male-adolescents-and-their-fathers
#2
Schenita D Randolph, Terrence Pleasants, Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda
OBJECTIVE: To explore barbers' attitudes and beliefs regarding the feasibility and acceptability of a barber- led STI/HIV risk reduction intervention for fathers and their preadolescent and adolescent sons. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A qualitative descriptive design was used. Twenty-two barbers were recruited from barbershops and a barber school in central North Carolina. MEASURES: A combination of five focus groups and two key informant interviews were conducted...
August 15, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810956/the-reasons-for-living-scale-military-version-assessing-protective-factors-against-suicide-in-a-military-sample
#3
Anne-Marie Deutsch, R Gregory Lande
INTRODUCTION: Military suicide rates have been rising over the past decade and continue to challenge military treatment facilities. Assessing suicide risk and improving treatments are a large part of the mission for clinicians who work with uniformed service members. This study attempts to expand the toolkit of military suicide prevention by focusing on protective factors over risk factors. In 1983, Marsha Linehan published a checklist called the Reasons for Living Scale, which asked subjects to check the reasons they choose to continue living, rather than choosing suicide...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810477/feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-self-help-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-intervention-for-grief-and-psychological-distress-in-carers-of-palliative-care-patients
#4
Esther L Davis, Frank P Deane, Geoffrey Cb Lyons, Gregory D Barclay, Joan Bourne, Vivienne Connolly
We tested the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of an acceptance and commitment therapy self-help intervention for grief and psychological distress in carers of patients in palliative care. Carers were randomised to the control group, which received treatment as usual, or the intervention group, which received treatment as usual plus an acceptance and commitment therapy-based self-help booklet and telephone support call. Questionnaires were completed at baseline, 1-month post-allocation and 6 months post-loss...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805419/creating-space-for-relationships
#5
Susan L Maataoui, Jodi S Hardwick, Tessa S Lundquist
Sexuality is a key component of personality and behavior, encompassing basic human needs for touch, intimacy, love, affection, and sexual behavior. The design of long-term care facilities makes it almost impossible for a resident to be sexually intimate, to share romantic moments, or to have a meal in a private setting. This case study describes the rationale and process used to establish a private guestroom called the Family Room at Patriots Place, the specialized dementia unit in the Veterans Affairs (VA) Maine Healthcare System Community Living Center (CLC)...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795856/strengths-based-nursing-a-process-for-implementing-a-philosophy-into-practice
#6
Laurie N Gottlieb, Bruce Gottlieb
Strengths-Based Nursing (SBN) is both a philosophy and value-driven approach that can guide clinicians, educators, manager/leaders, and researchers. SBN is rooted in principles of person/family centered care, empowerment, relational care, and innate health and healing. SBN is family nursing yet not all family nursing models are strengths-based. The challenge is how to translate a philosophy to change practice. In this article, we describe a process of implementation that has organically evolved of a multi-layered and multi-pronged approach that involves patients and families, clinicians, educators, leaders, managers, and researchers as well as key stakeholders including union leaders, opinion leaders, and policy makers from both nursing and other disciplines...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794670/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-clients-institutionalized-for-severe-substance-use-disorder-a-pilot-study
#7
Gabriella Svanberg, Ingrid Munck, Maria Levander
BACKGROUND: Individuals with substance-use disorder (SUD) often have co-occurring mental health disorders and decreased executive function, both of which are barriers to sustained rehabilitation. Clients with severe SUD can be institutionalized in The Swedish National Board of Institutional Care but are difficult to engage and dropout rates remain high. Recent studies suggest that acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is an effective treatment for mental health and SUD. OBJECTIVES: The overall aims of the present pilot study were to explore a manual-based ACT intervention for clients institutionalized for severe SUD and to describe the effects on mental health, psychological flexibility, and executive function...
2017: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794169/assessing-the-association-between-thinking-dispositions-and-clinical-error
#8
John Kinnear, Nick Wilson
BACKGROUND: Dual-process theory suggests that type 1 thinking results in a propensity to make 'intuitive' decisions based on limited information. Type 2 processes, on the other hand, are able to analyse these initial responses and replace them with rationalised decisions. Individuals may have a preference for different modes of rationalisation, on a continuum from careful to cursory. These 'dispositions' of thinking reside in type 2 processes and may result in error when the preference is for 'quick and casual' decision-making...
August 9, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770559/beyond-ryff-s-scale-comprehensive-measures-of-eudaimonic-well-being-in-clinical-populations-a-systematic-review
#9
Martina Brandel, Francesca Vescovelli, Chiara Ruini
Eudaimonic well-being that protects mental and physical health has received increasing attention. This investigation aimed to review which comprehensive instruments for measuring eudaimonic well-being were applied with clinical populations (reporting mental or physical illnesses), beyond Ryff's Psychological Well-Being Scale. Articles citing at least 1 of the measures of eudaimonic well-being identified by previous theoretical work were extracted from medical and psychological electronic databases and screened...
August 2, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756518/ethics-evidence-based-sports-medicine-and-the-use-of-platelet-rich-plasma-in-the-english-premier-league
#10
M J McNamee, C M Coveney, A Faulkner, J Gabe
The use of platelet rich plasma (PRP) as a novel treatment is discussed in the context of a qualitative research study comprising 38 interviews with sports medicine practitioners and other stakeholders working within the English Premier League during the 2013-16 seasons. Analysis of the data produced several overarching themes: conservatism versus experimentalism in medical attitudes; therapy perspectives divergence; conflicting versions of appropriate evidence; subcultures; community beliefs/practices; and negotiation of medical decision-making...
July 29, 2017: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751790/development-and-evaluation-of-a-leaflet-for-concerned-family-members-and-friends-it-s-safe-to-talk-about-suicide
#11
Christabel Owens, Nigel Charles
OBJECTIVES: Significant others can play a key role in suicide prevention, but little attention has been given to the resources they may need in order to do so effectively. Based on previous qualitative research and working in partnership with suicide prevention charities, we developed a simple educational leaflet to help family members and friends recognise and respond to a possible suicidal crisis. We disseminated 15,000 copies through a wide range of community agencies within one English local authority...
August 2017: Health Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746499/strengths-and-weaknesses-of-the-nursing-certificate-program-at-the-instituto-federal-de-santa-catarina-federal-institute-of-santa-catarina
#12
Luciane Patrícia Oliari, Maria Itayra Padilha, Vânia Marli Schubert Backes
Objective: To analyze the strengths and weaknesses found in the implementation process of the Nursing Certificate Program at the Instituto Federal de Santa Catarina (Federal Institute of Santa Catarina), in the 2000s. Method: Socio-historical research with a qualitative approach. Oral history as a method source for data collection between June/September 2015, with thematic analysis. Seven professionals participated in the study, resulting in three categories: Recognition of the Nursing Certificate Program in the community and work market; Weaknesses faced by the course; Strengths during the implementation of the course...
July 20, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745329/involvement-of-maf-spp1-axis-in-the-development-of-bone-marrow-fibrosis-in-pmf-patients
#13
S Ruberti, E Bianchi, P Guglielmelli, S Rontauroli, G Barbieri, L Tavernari, T Fanelli, R Norfo, V Pennucci, G C Fattori, C Mannarelli, N Bartalucci, B Mora, L Elli, M A Avanzini, C Rossi, S Salmoiraghi, R Zini, S Salati, Z Prudente, V Rosti, F Passamonti, A Rambaldi, S Ferrari, E Tagliafico, A M Vannucchi, R Manfredini
Primary Myelofibrosis (PMF) is a myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by hyperplastic megakaryopoiesis and myelofibrosis. We recently described the upregulation of MAF in PMF CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) compared to healthy donor. Here we demonstrated that MAF is also upregulated in PMF compared to Essential Thrombocytemia (ET) and Polycytemia Vera (PV) HPCs. MAF overexpression and knockdown experiments shed some light into the role of MAF in PMF pathogenesis, by demonstrating that MAF favours the megakaryocyte and monocyte/macrophage commitment of HPCs and leads to the increased expression of proinflammatory and profibrotic mediators...
July 12, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745307/a-longitudinal-study-of-violent-behavior-in-a-psychosis-risk-cohort
#14
Gary Brucato, Paul S Appelbaum, Jeffrey A Lieberman, Melanie M Wall, Tianshu Feng, Michael D Masucci, Rebecca Altschuler, Ragy R Girgis
There is a lack of insight into the relationships between violent ideation, violent behavior, and early, particularly attenuated, psychosis. Our aims were to examine the relationships between baseline violent behavior and violent ideation and outcome violent behavior and conversion to psychosis in at-risk individuals. We longitudinally assessed 200 individuals at clinical high risk for psychosis for violent ideation and violent behavior using the Structured Interview for Psychosis-Risk Syndromes (SIPS), and rated these according to MacArthur Community Violence categories...
July 26, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743251/acceptability-of-lifelong-treatment-among-hiv-positive-pregnant-and-breastfeeding-women-option-b-in-selected-health-facilities-in-zimbabwe-a-qualitative-study
#15
Addmore Chadambuka, Leila Katirayi, Auxilia Muchedzi, Esther Tumbare, Reuben Musarandega, Agnes I Mahomva, Godfrey Woelk
BACKGROUND: Zimbabwe's Ministry of Health and Child Care (MOHCC) adopted 2013 World Health Organization (WHO) prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) guidelines recommending initiation of HIV-positive pregnant and breastfeeding women (PPBW) on lifelong antiretroviral treatment (ART) irrespective of clinical stage (Option B+). Option B+ was officially launched in Zimbabwe in November 2013; however the acceptability of life-long ART and its potential uptake among women was not known...
July 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740688/a-general-introduction-to-adjustment-for-multiple-comparisons
#16
EDITORIAL
Shi-Yi Chen, Zhe Feng, Xiaolian Yi
In experimental research a scientific conclusion is always drawn from the statistical testing of hypothesis, in which an acceptable cutoff of probability, such as 0.05 or 0.01, is used for decision-making. However, the probability of committing false statistical inferences would considerably increase when more than one hypothesis is simultaneously tested (namely the multiple comparisons), which therefore requires proper adjustment. Although the adjustment for multiple comparisons is proposed to be mandatory in some journals, it still remains difficult to select a proper method suitable for the various experimental properties and study purposes, especially for researchers without good background in statistics...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732543/the-implementation-of-a-quality-system-in-the-dutch-gp-specialty-training-barriers-and-facilitators-a-qualitative-study
#17
Nienke Buwalda, Jozé Braspenning, Sanne van Roosmalen, Nynke van Dijk, Mechteld Visser
BACKGROUND: Quality assurance programs in medical education are introduced to gain insight into the quality of such programs and to trigger improvements. Although of utmost importance, research on the implementation of such programs is scarce. The Dutch General Practice (GP) specialty training institutes used an implementation strategy to implement a quality system (QS), and we aimed to study the success of this strategy and to learn about additional facilitators and barriers. METHODS: Seventeen structured interviews were conducted with the directors and quality coordinators (QCs) of the eight Dutch GP training institutes...
July 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724306/new-psychological-therapies-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-mindfulness-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-act
#18
Beatriz Sebastián Sánchez, Jesús Gil Roales-Nieto, Nuno Bravo Ferreira, Bárbara Gil Luciano, Juan José Sebastián Domingo
The current goal of treatment in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) focuses primarily on symptom management and attempts to improve quality of life. Several treatments are at the disposal of physicians; lifestyle and dietary management, pharmacological treatments and psychological interventions are the most used and recommended. Psychological treatments have been proposed as viable alternatives or compliments to existing care models. Most forms of psychological therapies studied have been shown to be helpful in reducing symptoms and in improving the psychological component of anxiety/depression and health-related quality of life...
July 14, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722322/advanced-methods-for-dose-and-regimen-finding-during-drug-development-summary-of-the-ema-efpia-workshop-on-dose-finding-london-4-5-december-2014
#19
F T Musuamba, E Manolis, N Holford, Sya Cheung, L E Friberg, K Ogungbenro, M Posch, Jwt Yates, S Berry, N Thomas, S Corriol-Rohou, B Bornkamp, F Bretz, A C Hooker, P H Van der Graaf, J F Standing, J Hay, S Cole, V Gigante, K Karlsson, T Dumortier, N Benda, F Serone, S Das, A Brochot, F Ehmann, R Hemmings, I Skottheim Rusten
Inadequate dose selection for confirmatory trials is currently still one of the most challenging issues in drug development, as illustrated by high rates of late-stage attritions in clinical development and postmarketing commitments required by regulatory institutions. In an effort to shift the current paradigm in dose and regimen selection and highlight the availability and usefulness of well-established and regulatory-acceptable methods, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) in collaboration with the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries Association (EFPIA) hosted a multistakeholder workshop on dose finding (London 4-5 December 2014)...
July 2017: CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721554/feasibility-of-a-self-help-web-based-intervention-targeting-young-cancer-patients-with-sexual-problems-and-fertility-distress
#20
Maria Wiklander, Johanna Strandquist, Claire Micaux Obol, Lars E Eriksson, Jeanette Winterling, Kenny A Rodriguez-Wallberg, Kerstin Sjögren Fugl-Meyer, Johan Ahlgren, Per Ljungman, Claudia Lampic, Lena Wettergren
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the feasibility of a self-help web-based intervention to alleviate sexual problems and fertility distress in adolescents and young adults with cancer. METHODS: Twenty-three persons with cancer (19 women and 4 men, age 18-43, 1-5 years post-diagnosis of lymphoma, breast, gynecologic, central nervous system, or testicular cancer) were recruited to test a 2-month web-based program targeting sexual problems or fertility distress...
July 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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