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Acceptance and commitment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052618/a-role-for-prefrontal-cortical-nmda-receptors-in-murine-alcohol-heightened-aggression
#1
Emily L Newman, Miho Terunuma, Tiffany Wang, Nishani Hewage, Matthew B Bicakci, Stephen J Moss, Joseph F DeBold, Klaus A Miczek
Alcohol is associated with nearly half of all violent crimes committed in the United States; yet, a potential neural basis for this type of pathological aggression remains elusive. Alcohol may act on NMDA receptors (NMDARs) within cortical circuits to impede processing and to promote aggression. Here, male mice were characterized as alcohol-heightened (AHAs) or alcohol non-heightened aggressors (ANAs) during resident-intruder confrontations after self-administering 1.0 g/kg alcohol (6% w/v) or water. Alcohol produced a pathological-like pattern of aggression in AHAs; these mice shifted their bites to more vulnerable locations on the body of a submissive animal, including the anterior back and ventrum after consuming alcohol...
October 20, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037182/ideas-actors-and-institutions-lessons-from-south-australian-health-in-all-policies-on-what-encourages-other-sectors-involvement
#2
Fran Baum, Toni Delany-Crowe, Colin MacDougall, Angela Lawless, Helen van Eyk, Carmel Williams
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the extent to which actors from sectors other than health engaged with the South Australian Health in All Policies (HiAP) initiative, determines why they were prepared to do so and explains the mechanisms by which successful engagement happened. This examination applies theories of policy development and implementation. METHODS: The paper draws on a five year study of the implementation of HiAP comprising document analysis, a log of key events, detailed interviews with 64 policy actors and two surveys of public servants...
October 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036870/development-and-validation-of-a-new-safety-climate-scale-for-petrochemical-industries
#3
Mohammad Javad Jafari, Davood Eskandari, Firouz Valipour, Yadollah Mehrabi, Hossein Charkhand, Mostafa Mirghotbi
BACKGROUND: While a considerable body of research has studied safety climate and its role as a leading indicator of organizational safety, much of this work has been conducted with Western manufacturing samples. OBJECTIVE: The current study puts emphasis on the cross-validation of a safety climate model in the non-Western industrial context of Iranian petrochemical industries. METHODS: The current study was performed in one petrochemical company in Iran...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019813/contemporary-policies-regarding-alcohol-and-marijuana-use-among-liver-transplant-programs-in-the-united-states
#4
Jiaming Zhu, Ping-Yu Chen, Marla Frankel, Robert R Selby, Tse-Ling Fong
BACKGROUND: Alcoholic liver disease is a common indication for liver transplantation (OLT). Although OLT has been shown to confer survival benefit to patients with acute alcoholic hepatitis (AAH), historically most programs require a 6-month abstinence period prior to OLT which excludes patients with AAH. Marijuana has become legal in more than half the states in the United States. This survey of liver transplant programs was conducted to evaluate current policies regarding alcohol, marijuana and methadone use...
October 10, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017509/acceptability-of-dietary-and-physical-activity-lifestyle-modification-for-men-following-radiotherapy-or-radical-prostatectomy-for-localised-prostate-cancer-a-qualitative-investigation
#5
Lucy E Hackshaw-McGeagh, Eileen Sutton, Raj Persad, Jonathan Aning, Amit Bahl, Anthony Koupparis, Chris Millett, Richard M Martin, J Athene Lane
BACKGROUND: The experience and acceptability of lifestyle interventions for men with localised prostate cancer are not well understood, yet lifestyle interventions are increasingly promoted for cancer survivors. We explored the opinions, experiences and perceived acceptability of taking part in nutritional and physical activity interventions amongst men with prostate cancer and their partners; with the ultimate plan to use such information to inform the development of nutritional and physical activity interventions for men with prostate cancer...
October 10, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016651/soccer-based-promotion-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-with-secondary-students-in-uganda
#6
George Miiro, Jeff DeCelles, Rwamahe Rutakumwa, Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro, Philip Muzira, Wilber Ssembajjwe, Saidat Musoke, Lorna J Gibson, Rebecca B Hershow, Suzanna Francis, Belen Torondel, David A Ross, Helen A Weiss
The Ugandan government is committed to scaling-up proven HIV prevention strategies including safe male circumcision, and innovative strategies are needed to increase circumcision uptake. The aim of this study was to assess the acceptability and feasibility of implementing a soccer-based intervention ("Make The Cut") among schoolboys in a peri-urban district of Uganda. The intervention was led by trained, recently circumcised "coaches" who facilitated a 60-minute session delivered in schools, including an interactive penalty shoot-out game using metaphors for HIV prevention, sharing of the coaches' circumcision story, group discussion and ongoing engagement from the coach to facilitate linkage to male circumcision...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016388/the-relationship-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-chronic-pain-in-people-seeking-treatment-for-chronic-pain-the-mediating-role-of-psychological-flexibility
#7
Sophia Åkerblom, Sean Perrin, Marcelo Rivano Fischer, Lance M McCracken
OBJECTIVES: The symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and chronic pain are thought to interact to increase the severity and impact of both conditions, but the mechanisms by which they interact remain unclear. This study examines the relationship between PTSD and chronic pain and whether indices of psychological flexibility mediate the relationship between these two conditions. METHODS: Standardized self-report measures of PTSD, pain severity, pain interference, depression, and psychological flexibility (pain-related acceptance, committed action, cognitive fusion, and values-based action) were obtained from 315 people seeking treatment for chronic pain who also reported at least one traumatic experience...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992541/pastoral-power-in-hiv-prevention-converging-rationalities-of-care-in-christian-and-medical-practices-in-papua-new-guinea
#8
P Shih, H Worth, J Travaglia, A Kelly-Hanku
In his conceptualisation of pastoral power, Michel Foucault argues that modern healthcare practices derive a specific power technique from pastors of the early Christian church. As experts in a position of authority, pastors practise the care of others through implicitly guiding them towards thoughts and actions that effect self-care, and towards a predefined realm of acceptable conduct, thus having a regulatory effect. This qualitative study of healthcare workers from two Christian faith-based organisations in Papua New Guinea examines the pastoral rationalities of HIV prevention practices which draw together globally circulated modern medical knowledge and Christian teachings in sexual morality for implicit social regulation...
September 29, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990543/reasons-for-treatment-non-response-a-controlled-study-of-patients-views-in-pain-rehabilitation
#9
A D Vittersø, E Keogh, J Gauntlett-Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Understanding successful and unsuccessful behavioural treatment for pain is essential. AIMS: We carried out a retrospective survey of 130 people who had undergone pain rehabilitation based on acceptance and commitment therapy, aiming to identify factors associated with non-response. METHOD: The sample was selected using the reliable change index to define 'responders' and 'non-responders' to key outcome measures. We surveyed a range of treatment-related, systemic, practical and personal factors that may have affected their treatment, and then compared 'non-responders' with 'responders', controlling for factors that might not be causal or specific to non-response...
October 9, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982217/yoga-for-epilepsy
#10
REVIEW
Mariangela Panebianco, Kalpana Sridharan, Sridharan Ramaratnam
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane Review published in the Cochrane Library, Issue 5, 2015.Yoga may induce relaxation and stress reduction, and influence the electroencephalogram and the autonomic nervous system, thereby controlling seizures. Yoga would be an attractive therapeutic option for epilepsy if proved effective. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether people with epilepsy treated with yoga:(a) have a greater probability of becoming seizure free;(b) have a significant reduction in the frequency or duration of seizures, or both; and(c) have a better quality of life...
October 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976056/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-psychosis-and-trauma-improvement-in-psychiatric-symptoms-emotion-regulation-and-treatment-compliance-following-a-brief-group-intervention
#11
Alicia Spidel, Tania Lecomte, David Kealy, Isabelle Daigneault
OBJECTIVES: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) has shown effectiveness for individuals with psychosis and individuals with a history of childhood trauma, but has not been investigated with people with psychosis who also have a history of childhood trauma. This study aims at determining the efficacy of a mindfulness-based ACT with this clientele in diminishing psychiatric symptoms, trauma-related symptoms, as well as in improving treatment adherence. DESIGN AND METHODS: Fifty participants meeting our inclusion criteria were recruited and randomized to take part in either 10 sessions of ACT group, or Treatment as Usual (TAU)...
October 4, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972687/understandings-of-psychological-difficulties-in-people-with-the-huntington-s-disease-gene-and-their-expectations-of-psychological-therapy
#12
Rachael Theed, Fiona J R Eccles, Jane Simpson
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate how people who had tested positive for the Huntington's disease (HD) gene mutation understood and experienced psychological distress and their expectations of psychological therapy. DESIGN: A qualitative methodology was adopted involving semi-structured interviews and interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). METHOD: A total of nine participants (five women and four men) who had opted to engage in psychological therapy were recruited and interviewed prior to the start of this particular psychological therapeutic intervention...
October 3, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971354/scientists-still-behaving-badly-a-survey-within-industry-and-universities
#13
Simon Godecharle, Steffen Fieuws, Ben Nemery, Kris Dierickx
Little is known about research misconduct within industry and how it compares to universities, even though a lot of biomedical research is performed by-or in collaboration with-commercial entities. Therefore, we sent an e-mail invitation to participate in an anonymous computer-based survey to all university researchers having received a biomedical research grant or scholarship from one of the two national academic research funders of Belgium between 2010 and 2014, and to researchers working in large biomedical companies or spin-offs in Belgium...
October 2, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966910/a-pilot-study-of-an-acceptance-based-behavioral-treatment-for-binge-eating-disorder
#14
Adrienne S Juarascio, Stephanie M Manasse, Hallie M Espel, Leah M Schumacher, Stephanie Kerrigan, Evan M Forman
While existing treatments produce remission in a relatively large percentage of individuals with binge eating disorder (BED), room for improvement remains. Interventions designed to increase emotion regulation skills and clarify one's chosen values may be well-suited to address factors known to maintain BED. The current study examined the preliminary efficacy of a group-based treatment, Acceptance-based Behavioral Therapy (ABBT), in a small open trial (n=19), as well as the relationship between changes in hypothesized mechanisms of action and outcomes...
January 2017: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965476/psychoneuroendocrine-evaluation-of-an-acceptance-and-commitment-based-stress-management-training
#15
Andrew T Gloster, Jens Klotsche, Tatiana Aggeler, Noemi Geisser, Gregory Juillerat, Nicole Schmidlin, Sophie Müller-Siemens, Jens Gaab
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), a behavioral therapy that targets psychological flexibility (PF), has been shown to be efficacious across a wide range of problems, including chronic work-related stress and perceived stress. ACT's effect on the multiple levels of the acute stress response (i.e., subjective and biological) is less well understood. The aim of the current study was to test whether ACT, by working toward PF, would reduce both the endocrine and subjective evaluations of participants' acute stress response...
September 30, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960667/developments-on-committed-action-validity-of-the-caq-8-and-analysis-of-committed-action-s-role-in-depressive-symptomatology-in-breast-cancer-patients-and-healthy-individuals
#16
Inês A Trindade, Joana Marta-Simões, Cláudia Ferreira, José Pinto-Gouveia
Committed action, a process of acceptance and commitment therapy's psychological flexibility model, is considered an understudied construct that currently can only be measured by one instrument, the Committed Action Questionnaire (CAQ-8). This study aims at analysing the psychometric properties of the CAQ-8 in healthy individuals and breast cancer patients. This study also aims to explore the specific meditational role of committed action in the well-established relationship between experiential avoidance and depression symptoms...
September 27, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959712/cleveland-clinic-imaging-institute-s-commitment-to-respect-and-impact-on-quality-of-care-and-patient-satisfaction
#17
Carl Creagh, Scott D Flamm, Heather Madonia, Patrick O'Keefe, Frank Ricaurte, Jean Triner
Cleveland Clinic's Imaging Institute implemented a "Commitment to Respect" initiative and survey process in March 2013 with the goal of improving communication and teamwork among employees and, in turn, improving patient satisfaction. Since the rollout of this initiative, we have worked to increase acceptance of the process, improve the survey response, and more fully incorporate results into staff development. Now that we have 4 years of annual data for analysis, we can state based on feedback from caregivers that the process has had a positive effect on relationships between radiologists and frontline clinical staff...
September 2017: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956942/randomized-controlled-trial-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-and-a-workplace-intervention-for-sickness-absence-due-to-mental-disorders
#18
Anna Finnes, Ata Ghaderi, JoAnne Dahl, Anna Nager, Pia Enebrink
Mental disorders contribute to high rates of sickness absence (SA) and impaired work functioning. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of 3 interventions targeting SA of workers. Participants (n = 352; 78.4% females) of working age with current employment, and SA due to depression, anxiety disorders, or exhaustion disorder, were recruited to the study and randomized to (a) acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), (b) a workplace dialogue intervention (WDI), (c) a combination of ACT and WDI, or (d) treatment as usual (TAU)...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953070/cost-effectiveness-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-and-a-workplace-intervention-for-employees-on-sickness-absence-due-to-mental-disorders
#19
Anna Finnes, Pia Enebrink, Filipa Sampaio, Kimmo Sorjonen, JoAnne Dahl, Ata Ghaderi, Anna Nager, Inna Feldman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate cost-effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and workplace dialogue intervention (WDI), both as stand-alone interventions and in combination, compared with treatment as usual (TAU), for employees on sickness absence with mental disorders. METHODS: Employees (n = 352, 78.4% females) on sickness absence were randomized to one of four groups. Cost-utility analyses were conducted from a health care perspective and a limited societal perspective...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952556/investigating-user-identification-in-remote-patient-monitoring-devices
#20
Brian Ondiege, Malcolm Clarke
With the increase in the number of people having a chronic disease, there is an increase in households having more than a single person suffering from the same chronic illness. One problem of monitoring such patients in their own home is that current devices have a limitation in the number of people who can use a single device. This study investigates the use of Near Field Communication (NFC) for identification in a multi-user environment. METHODS: A mixed-method qualitative and quantitative approach was adopted, including focus groups, observations and a field trial...
September 13, 2017: Bioengineering
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