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Dimosthenis A Sarigiannis, Spyros P Karakitsios, Evangelos Handakas, Konstantina Simou, Ermioni Solomou, Alberto Gotti
The current study aims at a comprehensive risk characterization of bisphenol A (BPA) supported by an integrated exposure modelling framework that comprises far field and near field exposure modelling coupled to a dynamic lifetime PBTK model. Exposure analysis was done on European data of BPA food residues and human biomonitoring (HBM). The latter were further assimilated through an advanced exposure reconstruction modelling framework to estimate the corresponding external and internal systemic dose of BPA and its metabolites...
October 18, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Saamir A Hassan, Syed Wamique Yusuf, Jyoti Sharma, Jasmine Khan, Michele Guindani, Vicente Valero, Mariana Chavez-McGregor, Jose Banchs
OBJECTIVES: To identify unique echocardiographic features that could be used to reliably predict LVEF recovery upon resolution of sinus tachycardia in patients with cancer. BACKGROUND: Sinus tachycardia may be a manifestation of underlying cardiomyopathy or can lead to a reversible form of dilated cardiomyopathy known as tachycardia-mediated cardiomyopathy. While distinguishing the two can be challenging, predicting recovery regardless of cause can be of significant clinical importance in the cancer population...
October 21, 2016: Echocardiography
Leonardo Sechi, GianLuca Colussi, Marileda Novello, Francesca Pezzutto, Cristiana Catena
OBJECTIVE: Studies on heavy alcoholic drinkers have reported an association between alcohol intake and left ventricular (LV) function. The effect of moderate alcohol intake on LV function in hypertensive patients, however, is unknown. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between alcohol consumption and LV function in hypertension. DESIGN AND METHOD: In 335 non-alcoholic hypertensive patients (age 52 ± 14) we measured plasma glucose, lipids, and liver tests, and 24-h creatinine clearance (CrCl)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Enrico Agabiti Rosei
Current Hypertension Guidelines emphasize the importance of assessing the presence of preclinical organ damage. In fact, an extensive evaluation of organ damage may increase the number of patients classified at high CV risk and therefore strongly influence the clinical management of patients. Hypertensive heart disease remains to date the form of organ damage for which there is the greatest amount of evidence of a strong independent prognostic significance. In the presence of a chronic pressure overload, a parallel addition of sarcomers takes place with an increase in myocyte width, which in turn increases left ventricular wall thickness; myocyte hypertrophy is also associated with apoptosis, collagen deposition and ventricular fibrosis with an impairment of coronary hemodynamics as well, thus profoundly influencing functional properties of the left (and right) ventricle...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Michael A Bohl, James Forseth, Peter Nakaji
BACKGROUND: Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is a common second-line or third-line vasopressor used in critically ill neurosurgical patients. Neurosurgical indications include hyperdynamic therapy for vasospasm, maintenance of cerebral perfusion pressure in patients with intracranial hypertension, and prevention of hypotension in patients with sepsis. CASE DESCRIPTION: A series of six neurosurgical patients receiving AVP infusions developed severe but transient diabetes insipidus (tDI) after cessation of AVP...
October 11, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Pedro Santos, Geir Haugen, Lasse Lovstakken, Eigil Samset, Jan D'hooge
Several clinical settings could benefit from 3D high frame rate (HFR) imaging and in particular, HFR 3D Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI). To date, the proposed methodologies are based mostly on experimental ultrasound platforms, making their translation to clinical systems non-trivial as these have additional hardware constraints. In particular, clinically used 2D matrix array transducers rely on sub-aperture (SAP) beamforming to limit cabling between the ultrasound probe and the back-end console. Therefore, the present study aimed at assessing the feasibility of HFR 3D TDI using diverging waves (DW) on a clinical transducer with SAP beamforming limitations...
October 10, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Pantelis A Sarafidis, Vasilios Kamperidis, Charalampos Loutradis, Konstantinos Tsilonis, Fani Mpoutsiouki, Athanasios Saratzis, Georgios Giannakoulas, Georgios Sianos, Haralambos Karvounis
BACKGROUND: The effect of acute preload reduction during haemodialysis on left ventricle (LV) and right ventricle (RV) function is not well understood. This study aimed to evaluate acute changes in novel echocardiographic and tissue Doppler-derived indices of LV and RV function during the first and a standard weekly dialysis session and to examine the possible effect of acute intradialytic volume changes in LV and RV diastolic function and pulmonary circulation loading. METHODS: Forty-one adult patients receiving standard thrice-weekly haemodialysis participated in this study...
October 13, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Ravinder Pal Singh, Bishav Mohan, Naved Aslam, A Saxena, Rohit Tandon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Janardhana Rao Surapaneni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
U Haque, C Stiver, B K Rivera, B Richards, N Ma, C L Cua, C V Smith, C H Backes
OBJECTIVE: Right ventricular (RV) performance among infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that myocardial deformation imaging (MDI) strain and strain rate would allow for differentiation between infants with severe and milder forms of BPD, independent of tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and superior to conventional echocardiographic measurements. STUDY DESIGN: Infants with various severities of BPD (11 with none or mild, 13 with moderate and 10 with severe) underwent conventional echocardiography, TDI and MDI assessments at >36 weeks of corrected gestational age...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Kelsey Stover, Tomoki Fukuyama, Ashlyn T Young, Michael A Daniele, Rebecca Oberley, James D Crapo, Wolfgang Bäumer
In this study, we topically administered two antioxidant compounds, the manganese-porphyrin-derivatives BMX-001 and BMX-010, in a mouse model of allergic dermatitis and compared the efficacy for reduction of itch and inflammation. In vitro effects of BMX-001 and BMX-010 on keratinocytes, bone marrow derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) and T-cells were initially analysed. For assessment of scratching behaviour, BMX-001 and BMX-010 (0.01 and 0.1 %) were topically applied 16 h and/or 1 h before compound 48/80 or toluene-2,4,-diisocyanate (TDI) challenge in a TDI induced mouse dermatitis model...
October 5, 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Julie Hamaide, Geert De Groof, Gwendolyn Van Steenkiste, Ben Jeurissen, Johan Van Audekerke, Maarten Naeyaert, Lisbeth Van Ruijssevelt, Charlotte Cornil, Jan Sijbers, Marleen Verhoye, Annemie Van der Linden
Zebra finches are an excellent model to study the process of vocal learning, a complex socially-learned tool of communication that forms the basis of spoken human language. So far, structural investigation of the zebra finch brain has been performed ex vivo using invasive methods such as histology. These methods are highly specific, however, they strongly interfere with performing whole-brain analyses and exclude longitudinal studies aimed at establishing causal correlations between neuroplastic events and specific behavioral performances...
September 30, 2016: NeuroImage
Devika Poddalgoda, Kristin Macey, Innocent Jayawardene, Kannan Krishnan
Population-level biomonitoring of tin in urine has been conducted by the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and the National Nutrition and Health Study (ENNS - Étude nationale nutrition santé) in France. The general population is predominantly exposed to inorganic tin from the consumption of canned food and beverages. The National Institute for Public Health and the Environment of the Netherlands (RIVM) has established a tolerable daily intake (TDI) for chronic exposure to inorganic tin based on a NOAEL of 20 mg/kg bw per day from a 2-year feeding study in rats...
September 28, 2016: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
Liselotte C R Hensen, Victoria Delgado, Suzanne E van Wijngaarden, Melissa Leung, Mihaly K de Bie, Maurits S Buiten, Martin J Schalij, Jos J Van de Kerkhof, Ton J Rabelink, Joris I Rotmans, J Wouter Jukema, Jeroen J Bax
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients is relatively high. The present study evaluated the association between left atrial (LA) remodelling, including an increased size and myocardial fibrosis, and slow LA conduction and the occurrence of AF. METHODS: In 171 ESRD patients enrolled in the Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators in Dialysis patients (ICD2) trial, the LA dimensions, LA conduction delay [as reflected by the time difference between P-wave onset on surface electrocardiogram and A'-wave on tissue Doppler imaging (PA-TDI)] and LA function were compared between patients who exhibited AF versus patients without AF...
September 29, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Stefan M Kallenberger, Christian Schmid, Felix Wiedmann, Derliz Mereles, Hugo A Katus, Dierk Thomas, Constanze Schmidt
Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (pAF) is a major risk factor for stroke but remains often unobserved. To predict the presence of pAF, we developed model scores based on echocardiographic and other clinical parameters from routine cardiac assessment. The scores can be easily implemented to clinical practice and might improve the early detection of pAF. In total, 47 echocardiographic and other clinical parameters were collected from 1000 patients with sinus rhythm (SR; n = 728), pAF (n = 161) and cAF (n = 111)...
2016: PloS One
Elham Ghanbari, Vahid Nejati, Mozafar Khazaei
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is the most common endocrine disease. It has adverse effects on male reproductive function. Royal Jelly (RJ) has antioxidant and anti-diabetic effects and show protective effects against diabetes. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of RJ on histopathological alterations of the testicular tissue in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, 28 adult Wistar rats were randomly divided into control (C), royal jelly (R), diabetic (D) and RJ-treated diabetic (D+R) groups...
August 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Changwei Yu, Kaiming Nie, Jiangtao Xu, Jing Gao
In this paper, an accumulation technique suitable for digital domain CMOS time delay integration (TDI) image sensors is proposed to reduce power consumption without degrading the rate of imaging. In terms of the slight variations of quantization codes among different pixel exposures towards the same object, the pixel array is divided into two groups: one is for coarse quantization of high bits only, and the other one is for fine quantization of low bits. Then, the complete quantization codes are composed of both results from the coarse-and-fine quantization...
2016: Sensors
Qian Zhang, Ying Xiong, Guo-Bing Li, Qin Tang, Min Cao, Jing-Bin Huang, Mao Xing, Chang-Peng Hu, Ya Gong, Qing-Hua Wang, Ning Gao, Rong Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Xinqin, a polyherbal medicine, is an important traditional Chinese herbal formula used in traditional oriental medicine for treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR). The formula is based on the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. AIM OF THE STUDY: Previously, Xinqin exhibited potent anti-allergic effect in a guinea pig model of AR. In this study, we explored the molecular mechanism of the anti-allergic effect mediated by Xinqin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: AR was induced in guinea pigs (Hartley) with toluene-2, 4-diisocyanate (TDI) in vivo and in HMC-1 mast cells with A23187/ phorbol 12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) in vitro...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Min Ye, Na Tian, Yanqiu Liu, Wei Li, Hong Lin, Rui Fan, Cuiling Li, Donghong Liu, Fengjuan Yao
OBJECTIVES: We initiated this study to explore the relationships of serum phosphorus level with left ventricular ultrasound features and diastolic function in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. METHODS: 174 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) receiving PD were enrolled in this retrospective observational study. Conventional echocardiography examination and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) were performed in each patient. Clinical information and laboratory data were also collected...
2016: PloS One
Yuichi Hori, Shiro Nakahara, Naofumi Anjo, Ayako Nakagawa, Naoki Nishiyama, Kouta Yamada, Akiko Hayashi, Takaaki Komatsu, Sayuki Kobayashi, Yoshihiko Sakai, Isao Taguchi
PURPOSE: The atrial conduction time measured by echocardiography using tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) has been reported as a predictive factor of left atrial (LA) remodeling. We investigated the P wave to LA appendage (LAA) conduction time defined by transthoracic echocardiography using TDI (P-LAA TDI), and directly compared the actual LA electrical conduction time determined by the electrophysiological data. Additionally, we confirmed the clinical utility of the P-LAA TDI by examining the relationship to the electroanatomical LA remodeling data...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
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