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Prognostic factors in cervical cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332349/characteristics-and-clinical-significance-of-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-lymph-node-metastasis-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#1
Longfei Ma, Jiaqing Xiang, Yawei Zhang, Hong Hu, Rongrong Shao, Dong Lin
PURPOSE: The recurrent laryngeal nerve lymph nodes (RLN LNs) are among the most common metastatic sites in esophageal cancer, and the dissection of these lymph nodes (LNs) is considered beneficial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of RLN LN metastases from esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and the effects of these metastases on the prognosis of patients. In addition, we aimed to determine the reasonable range of dissection of regional LNs. METHODS: The clinical data from 348 patients who underwent resection for esophageal carcinoma were retrospectively analyzed...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329882/prognostic-significance-of-residual-lymph-node-status-after-definitive-chemoradiotherapy-in-patients-with-node-positive-cervical-cancer
#2
Shin-Hyung Park, Hyejin Cheon, Gun Oh Chong, Shin Young Jeong, Jeong Eun Lee, Min Kyu Kang, Mi Young Kim, Jeong Won Lee, Junhee Park, Jae-Chul Kim
OBJECTIVE: Lymph node involvement is an important prognostic factor in patients with cervical cancer. However, the prognostic significance of lymph node response to chemoradiotherapy remains unclear. We retrospectively analyzed the relationship between residual lymph node status after definitive chemoradiotherapy and survival. METHODS: We enrolled 117 patients with node-positive cervical cancer. All patients were treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy in our institution, from 2006 to 2016...
January 9, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324547/stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-and-brachytherapy-boost-modalities-in-invasive-cervical-cancer-a-study-of-the-national-cancer-data-base
#3
Barrett OʼDonnell, Jay C Shiao, Todd A Pezzi, Nabila Waheed, Shelly Sharma, Mark D Bonnen, Michelle S Ludwig
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Our objective was to determine whether stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT), intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), and brachytherapy boost techniques have comparable overall survival in treating cervical cancer when adjusted for known prognostic factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the National Cancer Database to study women with invasive cervical cancer who were treated with radiation between 2004 and 2013. A logistic regression model was built to identify factors associated with the receipt of SBRT and IMRT...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322686/human-papilloma-virus-an-etiological-and-prognostic-factor-for-oral-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Gloria I Lafaurie, Sandra J Perdomo, María R Buenahora, Sandra Amaya, David Díaz-Báez
The increasing prevalence of human papilloma virus (HPV)-positive oral tumors can be considered an epidemic. Although the incidence of HPV cervical cancer is decreasing, the incidence of oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancers associated with HPV is increasing. The presence of certain HPV genotypes could be a predictor of future oral cancer lesions, although lesions associated with HPV could be less aggressive and exhibit a higher survival rate. In the present study, we review the most important biologic, clinic, epidemiologic, and prognostic factors associated with HPV infection and oral cancer...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299705/a-comparison-of-the-prognosis-between-adenocarcinoma-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-stage-ib-iia-cervical-cancer
#5
Xiuzhen Xie, Kun Song, Baoxia Cui, Jie Jiang, Xingsheng Yang, Beihua Kong
OBJECTIVE: To explore differences in prognosis between adenocarcinoma (AC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and to explore feasibility of ovarian preservation in stage IB-IIA cervical cancer (CC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 810 patients (682 SCC + 128 AC) with stage IB-IIA CC were reviewed. Clinical and pathological characters of the two groups were compared using the chi-squared test. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used in univariate analysis of prognostic factors...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290770/monocytosis-as-a-prognostic-factor-for-survival-in-stage-ib-and-iia-cervical-cancer
#6
Wan Kyu Eo, Byung Su Kwon, Ki Hyung Kim, Heung Yeol Kim, Hong-Bae Kim, Suk Bong Koh, Sungwook Chun, Yong Il Ji, Ji Young Lee, Jeong Namkung, Sanghoon Kwon
Objective: To measure hematologic parameters derived from the white blood cell (WBC) count and differential count (DC) as prognostic factors for survival in patients with stage IB and IIA cervical cancer. Methods: We retrospectively examined demographic, clinicopathologic, and laboratory parameters in a cohort of 233 patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IB and IIA cervical cancer who underwent surgical resection. We further assessed the effects of the WBC count and DC-derived hematologic parameters on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) after controlling for other parameters...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284539/prognostic-values-of-the-integrated-model-incorporating-the-volume-of-metastatic-regional-cervical-lymph-node-and-pretreatment-serum-epstein-barr-virus-dna-copy-number-in-predicting-distant-metastasis-in-patients-with-n1-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#7
Ji-Jin Yao, Guan-Qun Zhou, Ya-Qin Wang, Si-Yang Wang, Wang-Jian Zhang, Ya-Nan Jin, Fan Zhang, Li Li, Li-Zhi Liu, Zhi-Bin Cheng, Jun Ma, Zhen-Yu Qi, Ying Sun
BACKGROUND: According to the 7th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system, over 50% of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) have N1 disease at initial diagnosis. However, patients with N1 NPC are relatively under-researched, and the metastasis risk of this group is not well-stratified. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic values of gross tumor volume of metastatic regional lymph node (GTVnd) and pretreatment serum copy number of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA in predicting distant metastasis of patients with N1 NPC, and to develop an integrated prognostic model that incorporates GTVnd and EBV DNA copy number for this group of patients...
December 29, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284434/clinicopathological-factors-influencing-the-outcomes-of-surgical-treatment-in-patients-with-t4a-hypopharyngeal-cancer
#8
Sang-Yeon Kim, Young-Soo Rho, Eun-Chang Choi, Min-Sik Kim, Joo-Hyun Woo, Dong Hoon Lee, Eun Jae Chung, Min Woo Park, Da-Hee Kim, Young-Hoon Joo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine prognostic factors influencing outcomes of surgical treatment in patients with T4a hypopharyngeal cancer. METHODS: The present study enrolled 93 patients diagnosed with T4a hypopharyngeal cancer who underwent primary surgery between January 2005 and December 2015 at six medical centers in Korea. Primary tumor sites included pyriform sinus in 71 patients, posterior pharyngeal wall in 14 patients, and postcricoid region in 8 patients...
December 29, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275869/image-guided-interstitial-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-for-locally-recurrent-uterine-cervical-cancer-a-single-institution-study
#9
Rei Umezawa, Naoya Murakami, Satoshi Nakamura, Akihisa Wakita, Hiroyuki Okamoto, Keisuke Tsuchida, Tairo Kashihara, Kazuma Kobayashi, Ken Harada, Kana Takahashi, Koji Inaba, Yoshinori Ito, Hiroshi Igaki, Koji Masui, Ken Yoshida, Keiichi Jingu, Nikolaos Tselis, Jun Itami
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of image-guided high-dose-rate (HDR) interstitial brachytherapy (ISBT) for reirradiation of locally recurrent uterine cervical cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between 2008 and 2015, patients receiving reirradiation using HDR-ISBT for local gross recurrence of uterine cervical cancer after definitive or postoperative radiotherapy were analyzed retrospectively. The prescription doses per fraction ranged 2...
December 21, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275831/-advances-in-the-management-of-cervical-lymphadenopathies-of-unknown-primary-advances-in-diagnostic-imaging-and-surgical-modalities-and-new-international-staging-system
#10
REVIEW
Idriss Troussier, Guillaume Klausner, Sylvain Morinière, Eivind Blais, Jean-Christophe Faivre, Ambroise Champion, Lionnel Geoffrois, Carole Pflumio, Emmanuel Babin, Philippe Maingon, Juliette Thariat
INTRODUCTION: Cervical lymphadenopathies of unknown primary represent 3 % of head and neck cancers. Their diagnostic work up has largely changed in recent years. This review provides an update on diagnostic developments and their potential therapeutic impact. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a systematic review of the literature. RESULTS: In recent years, changes in epidemiology-based prognostic factors such as human papilloma virus (HPV) cancers, advances in imaging and minimally invasive surgery have been integrated in the management of cervical lymphadenopathies of unknown primary...
December 21, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243775/independent-prognostic-factor-of-low-expressed-lncrna-znf667-as1-for-cervical-cancer-and-inhibitory-function-on-the-proliferation-of-cervical-cancer
#11
L-P Zhao, R-H Li, D-M Han, X-Q Zhang, G-X Nian, M-X Wu, Y Feng, L Zhang, Z-G Sun
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA ZNF667-AS1 in cervical cancer and its effect on the proliferation of cervical cancer cell line, SiHa cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression level of ZNF667-AS1 from two microarray datasets (GSE63514 and GSE6791) and TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) were selected to analyze the difference between cervical cancer tissues and normal cervical tissues with bioinformatics methods. Then, the prognosis of ZNF667-AS1 was calculated in TCGA...
December 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237907/long-noncoding-rna-activated-by-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-promotes-cancer-development-and-is-a-prognostic-marker-in-cervical-cancer
#12
Weichun Cao, Tianfang Peng, Yi Zhou
BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been highlighted as crucial elements in cancer biology. LncRNA activated by transforming growth factor-β (ATB) was identified to promote the development of multiple cancers and may serve as a potential therapeutic target in human cancers. However, to the best of our knowledge, the functional role of ATB in cervical cancer has not been verified yet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of lncRNA ATB was evaluated by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay in cervical cancer cell lines and clinical specimens...
2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229603/lnmicc-promotes-nodal-metastasis-of-cervical-cancer-by-reprogramming-fatty-acid-metabolism
#13
Chunliang Shang, Wei Wang, Yuandong Liao, Yili Chen, Tianyu Liu, Qiqiao Du, Jiaming Huang, Yanchun Liang, Junxiu Liu, Yunhe Zhao, Luyan Guo, Zheng Hu, Shuzhong Yao
Cancer spread to lymph nodes (LN) predicts poor survival but underlying mechanisms remain little understood. In this study, we show that overexpression of the long non-coding RNA LNMICC associates with LN metastasis of primary cervical cancer, where it serves as an independent high-risk factor in patient survival. Functional investigations demonstrated that LNMICC promoted LN metastasis by reprogramming fatty acid metabolism, by recruiting the nuclear factor NPM1 to the promoter of the fatty acid binding protein FABP5...
December 11, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228668/tsc-22-inhibits-csf-1r-function-and-induces-apoptosis-in-cervical-cancer
#14
Min-Ji Cho, Ji-Yeon Lee, Min-Gwan Shin, Hyun-Ji Kim, Yu-Joung Choi, Seung Bae Rho, Boh-Ram Kim, Ik Soon Jang, Seung-Hoon Lee
Colony stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF-1R) regulates the monocyte/macrophage system, which is an essential component of cancer development. Therefore, CSF-1R might be an effective target for anti-cancer therapy. The overexpression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β stimulated clone-22 (TSC-22) inhibits cancer cell proliferation and induces apoptosis, and TSC-22 is emerging as a key factor in tumorigenesis. In this study, we discovered CSF-1R as a new interacting partner of TSC-22 and identified its elevated expression in cervical cancer cells...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225475/pbx3-is-associated-with-proliferation-and-poor-prognosis-in-patients-with-cervical-cancer
#15
Hongfang Li, Gaogao Sun, Chang Liu, Jing Wang, Rong Jing, Jie Wang, Xiaohuan Zhao, Xiaoyan Xu, Yongxiu Yang
Pre-B-cell leukemia homeobox 3 (PBX3) is upregulated in various malignancies; however, the role of PBX3 in cervical cancer (CC) is unknown. The purpose of this study was to explore the expression characteristics, clinicopathological significance, and molecular biological function of PBX3 in CC. The expression levels of PBX3 were analyzed in CC cell lines and tumor specimens by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), Western blotting, and immunohistochemical staining. The clinicopathological characteristics associated with PBX3 expression were evaluated...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224804/clinical-implications-of-pathologic-factors-after-thyroid-lobectomy-in-patients-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#16
Young Min Park, Doh Young Lee, Kyung Ho Oh, Jae-Gu Cho, Seung-Kuk Baek, Soon-Young Kwon, Kwang-Yoon Jung, Jeong-Soo Woo
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the clinical and prognostic significance of pathologic factors by analyzing the treatment results of patients who underwent thyroid lobectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 734 patients diagnosed with papillary thyroid cancer who underwent thyroid lobectomy at Korea University Hospital from January 2004 to December 2016. RESULTS: A total of 734 patients were included in the study and their mean age was 44...
December 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222685/prediction-of-outcome-using-pretreatment-18f-fdg-pet-ct-and-mri-radiomics-in-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-treated-with-chemoradiotherapy
#17
François Lucia, Dimitris Visvikis, Marie-Charlotte Desseroit, Omar Miranda, Jean-Pierre Malhaire, Philippe Robin, Olivier Pradier, Mathieu Hatt, Ulrike Schick
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine if radiomics features from 18fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images could contribute to prognoses in cervical cancer. METHODS: One hundred and two patients (69 for training and 33 for testing) with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) receiving chemoradiotherapy (CRT) from 08/2010 to 12/2016 were enrolled in this study. 18F-FDG PET/CT and MRI examination [T1, T2, T1C, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)] were performed for each patient before CRT...
December 9, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212225/the-relevance-of-prelamin-a-and-rad51-as-molecular-biomarkers-in-cervical-cancer
#18
Simona Leonardi, Marianna Buttarelli, Ilaria De Stefano, Gabriella Ferrandina, Marco Petrillo, Gabriele Babini, Giovanni Scambia, Carmela Marino, Mariateresa Mancuso, Daniela Gallo
Along with their role in the maintenance of nuclear architecture, nuclear lamins also control genomic stability, DNA damage repair, transcription, cell proliferation, differentiation and senescence. Recent reports reveal that prelamin A-processing defects play a role in cancer development by impacting on transcription of key players in the maintenance of the genome stability, including RAD51. Here, we performed a 'proof of concept' study evaluating the role of prelamin A and RAD51 expression in clinical outcome of cervical cancer patients...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193777/pretreatment-c-reactive-protein-albumin-ratio-is-associated-with-poor-survival-in-patients-with-stage-ib-iia-cervical-cancer
#19
Weiwei Zhang, Kejun Liu, Bin Ye, Weijiang Liang, Yazhou Ren
Previous studies have shown that the C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR) is a prognostic indicator in multiple types of carcinomas. This study is the first to evaluate the prognostic significance of CAR in stage IB-IIA cervical cancer patients treated with radical surgery, as well as that of several other inflammation-based factors, including the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and prognostic nutritional index (PNI). A total of 235 patients were enrolled in this study...
November 28, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192739/risk-prediction-model-for-disease-free-survival-in-women-with-early-stage-cervical-cancers-following-postoperative-chemo-radiotherapy
#20
Hyoung Uk Je, Seungbong Han, Young Seok Kim, Joo-Hyun Nam, Won Park, Sanghyuk Song, Changhoon Song, Jin Hee Kim, Juree Kim, Won Sup Yoon, Mee Sun Yoon, Jin Hwa Choi, Joo-Young Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate disease-free survival (DFS) and prognostic factors following the administration of postoperative (chemo)radiotherapy in patients with early-stage cervical cancers. METHODS: The medical records of 1,069 patients from 10 participating institutions were reviewed. Statistically and clinically established factors were considered as candidates for constructing the prediction model. This model was validated, using bootstrapping to correct for optimistic bias...
November 30, 2017: Tumori
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