Read by QxMD icon Read

Tactical emergency

David Thornby, Jeff Werth, James Hereward, Michelle Keenan, Bhagirath S Chauhan
BACKGROUND: Because herbicide resistance evolves in very large populations over periods of many years, modelling is an important tool for investigating the dynamics of the problem. The Diversity model tracks the simultaneous evolution of resistance to multiple herbicides, using multiple genetic pathways, in several weed species at once. Tracking multiple species and simultaneous resistances is an important development in resistance modelling. We used the Diversity model to test weed management strategies for new cropping cotton varieties with multiple herbicide tolerances ('triple-stacked' varieties), in an Australian context...
March 15, 2018: Pest Management Science
Brendan Hartford, Geoffrey Shapiro, Michael J Marino, Reed Smith, Nelson Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Lee E Palmer
The intent of the Operational K9 (OpK9) ongoing series is to provide the Special Operations Medical Association community with clinical concepts and scientific information on preventive and prehospital emergency care relevant to the OpK9. Often the only medical support immediately available for an injured or ill OpK9 in the field is their handler or the human Special Operations Combat Medic or civilian tactical medic attached to the team (e.g., Pararescueman, 18D, SWAT medic). The information is applicable to personnel operating within the US Special Operations Command as well as civilian Tactical Emergency Medical Services communities that may have the responsibility of supporting an OpK9...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Erik N Vu, Wilson C Y Wan, Titus C Yeung, David W Callaway
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled hemorrhage remains a leading cause of preventable death in tactical and combat settings. Alternate routes of delivery of tranexamic acid (TXA), an adjunct in the management of hemorrhagic shock, are being studied. A working group for the Committee for Tactical Emergency Casualty Care reviewed the available evidence on the potential role for intramuscular (IM) administration of TXA in nonhospital settings as soon as possible from the point of injury. METHODS: EMBASE and MEDLINE/PubMed databases were sequentially searched by medical librarians for evidence of TXA use in the following contexts and/or using the following keywords: prehospital, trauma, hemorrhagic shock, optimal timing, optimal dose, safe volume, incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE), IM bioavailability...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Alison R Gerken, James F Campbell
Controlling postharvest pest species is a costly process with insecticide resistance and species-specific control requiring multiple tactics. Mating disruption (MD) can be used to both decrease a female's access to males and delay timing of mating and decreases overall mating success in a population and population growth rate. Development of new commercially available MD products requires an understanding of life history parameters associated with mating delay. These can provide information for targeting proportions of reproducing individuals using MD...
March 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Claire Todd, Sue Woodward
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the experience and perceptions of nurses providing bowel care to patients after spinal cord injury. DESIGN: Qualitative study using thematic analysis of semistructured interviews. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Eleven RNs who provided bowel care to patients following spinal cord injury and were deemed competent to do so by their employer were invited to participate. The study setting was a large, London NHS Trust providing acute hospital care to a population of around 1 million people...
March 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Alan James Hawk
BACKGROUND: Just over 200 years ago, surgeons were puzzled that the use of the tourniquet to control hemorrhage as common sense during surgery was a relatively recent development. Within the last 20 years, much progress has been made to controlling hemorrhage in the prehospital context. Then, as now, it was surprising that progress on something that appeared obvious had occurred only recently, begging the question how controlling blood loss was common sense in a surgical context, but not for emergency treatment...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Manil Kukkar, Girish C Mohanta, Satish K Tuteja, Parveen Kumar, Akhshay Singh Bhadwal, Pallabi Samaddar, Ki-Hyun Kim, Akash Deep
The development of nucleic acid-based portable platforms for the real-time analysis of diseases has attracted considerable scientific and commercial interest. Recently, 2D layered molybdenum sulfide (2D MoS2 from here on) nanosheets have shown great potential for the development of next-generation platforms for efficient signal transduction. Through combination with DNA as a biorecognition medium, MoS2 nanostructures have opened new opportunities to design and construct highly sensitive, specific, and commercially viable sensing devices...
February 15, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Ashley B Thrasher, Stacy E Walker
CONTEXT:   Orientation is an important part of socialization and transition to practice, yet the orientation process for newly credentialed athletic trainers (ATs) is unknown. OBJECTIVE:   To determine how newly credentialed ATs are oriented to their roles. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Online survey. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Three hundred thirty-two of 1835 newly credentialed ATs (18%) certified and employed between January and September of 2013 completed the survey (129 men, 203 women; age = 23...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Vijay Kata, Matthew B Novitch, Mark R Jones, Best O Anyama, Erik M Helander, Alan D Kaye
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The primary cause of overdose death in the United States is related to pharmaceutical opioids. A few particular populations that struggle with adverse outcomes related to opioid abuse are those in palliative care, those with chronic pain, and those receiving pain treatments secondary to cancer or chemotherapy. RECENT FINDINGS: There have been massive efforts to decrease the use of opioid abuse in patient care in a gestalt manner, but palliative care provides unique challenges in applying these reduction tactics used by other specialties...
February 19, 2018: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
Ana Clara Ribeiro de Paiva, Vitor Hugo Beloti, Pedro Takao Yamamoto
To control crop pests, parasitoid wasps of the genus Trichogramma are one alternative to the use of insecticides. Since a wide variety of agrochemicals may be applied to the same crops, it is essential to assess the selectivity of insecticides used for pest control on Trichogramma pretiosum. Information on which insecticides are less harmful to T. pretiosum can improve biological control using this insect, an important tactic in IPM programs for field crops. This study aimed to determine the effects of insecticides on the pupal stage and on the parasitism capacity of T...
February 19, 2018: Ecotoxicology
Laura Ruotsalainen, Martti Kirkko-Jaakkola, Jesperi Rantanen, Maija Mäkelä
The long-term objective of our research is to develop a method for infrastructure-free simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) and context recognition for tactical situational awareness. Localization will be realized by propagating motion measurements obtained using a monocular camera, a foot-mounted Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU), sonar, and a barometer. Due to the size and weight requirements set by tactical applications, Micro-Electro-Mechanical (MEMS) sensors will be used. However, MEMS sensors suffer from biases and drift errors that may substantially decrease the position accuracy...
February 14, 2018: Sensors
Pierre L Viviers, Jeandré T Viljoen, Wayne Derman
CONTEXT: Rugby union is the most widely played team collision sport globally. As with other contact sports, there is substantial risk of injury. To date, the majority of studies on injury epidemiology have focused on elite male cohorts, which inherently prevents extrapolation of research findings to other groups within the player continuum. This review aims to describe emerging injury trends across the spectrum of various rugby union subpopulations and to highlight gaps that may influence future injury prevention tactics...
February 1, 2018: Sports Health
David T Hendry, A Mark Williams, Nicola J Hodges
Elite soccer players (~15 yr) from professional academies in the UK were rated on technical, tactical, physical and creative skills by coaches at time 1 (T1). Players estimated accumulated hours in soccer practice (coach-led activities) and play (self-led activities) during childhood. Coach-ratings were again collected 2.5 yr later (T2) for players that received a professional contract (~17 yr). Adult-professional status was determined at T3 (~ 20 yr). Skill ratings distinguished across the three "future" groups (academy-only, youth-professional only and adult-professional), for all but creative skill...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Xueyang Fang, Chang'e Li, Lan Zheng, Fang Yang, Tianfeng Chen
A combination of chemotherapy and photothermal therapy has emerged as a promising tactic for cancer therapy. However, the intricacy of accurate delivery and the ability to initiate drug release in specific tumor sites remains a challenging puzzle. Hence, to assure the chemotherapeutic drug and photothermal agent to be synchronously delivered to a tumor area to give play to their synergistic effect, the dual-target (RC-12 and PG-6 peptides) functionalized selenium nanoparticles loaded with both doxorubicin (DOX) and indocyanine green (ICG) were designed and successfully synthesized...
February 3, 2018: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Hope M Tiesman, Melody Gwilliam, Srinivas Konda, Jeff Rojek, Suzanne Marsh
INTRODUCTION: Limited studies exist that describe nonfatal work-related injuries to law enforcement officers. The aim of this study is to provide national estimates and trends of nonfatal injuries to law enforcement officers from 2003 through 2014. METHODS: Nonfatal injuries were obtained from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-Occupational Supplement. Data were obtained for injuries treated in U.S. emergency departments from 2003 to 2014. Nonfatal injury rates were calculated using denominators from the Current Population Survey...
January 26, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Bipin Puri
War strategies have been evolving with time and battlefield casualty care services have been trying to keep pace with the changing demands. Technological advances in the field of trauma care have revolutionised the way in which erstwhile 'non-salvageable' lives and limbs are managed with more favourable outcome. The quality of Pre-Hospital Trauma Care Services will largely determine the survival statistics of battle casualties. The surgeon has to acknowledge the various resource constraints imposed upon him in the course of delivery of expert trauma care in the battlefield...
October 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
David W Callaway
The ultimate goal of the emergency response and trauma system is to reduce potentially preventable death from trauma. Tremendous advances in trauma care emerged from the past fifteen years of United States' combat engagements around the globe. Unfortunately, combat and insurgency tactics have also metastasized to the civilian world, resulting in increasingly complex and dynamic acts of intentional mass violence. These high threat Active Violent Incidents (AVIs) pose significant preparedness, response and clinical care challenges to the civilian healthcare systems...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Abhijit Shrinivas Prabhughate, Pearl Tiwari, Shubhangi Sohoni, Vallaree Anant Morgaonkar, Ajay Gajanan Phatak, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar, Anagha Anand Mahajani
BACKGROUND: In India, community health workers' (CHW) effectiveness in providing home-based neonatal care (HBNC) has been well documented. The nature of challenges faced and strategies adopted while providing HBNC services need to be studied in-depth. METHODS: A qualitative study to understand the challenges faced and strategies used by Sakhis (women CHW) while providing services as part of a HBNC program implemented by a non-profit organization. Data consisted of 20 in-depth interviews and three focus group discussions (FGD) with Sakhis...
January 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Nancy Ashary, Abhishek Tiwari, Deepak Modi
Contrary to widespread belief, the implantation of an embryo for the initiation of pregnancy is like a battle, in that the embryo uses a variety of coercive tactics to force its acceptance by the endometrium. We propose that embryo implantation involves a three step process: 1) identification of a receptive endometrium; 2) superimposition of a blastocyst-derived signature onto the receptive endometrium prior to implantation; and finally 3) breaching by the embryo and trophoblast invasion, culminating in decidualization and placentation...
January 8, 2018: Endocrinology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"