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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901311/video-gaming-as-practical-accomplishment-ethnomethodology-conversation-analysis-and-play
#1
Stuart Reeves, Christian Greiffenhagen, Eric Laurier
Accounts of video game play developed from an ethnomethodological and conversation analytic (EMCA) perspective remain relatively scarce. This study collects together an emerging, if scattered, body of research which focuses on the material, practical "work" of video game players. The study offers an example-driven explication of an EMCA perspective on video game play phenomena. The materials are arranged as a "tactical zoom." We start very much "outside" the game, beginning with a wide view of how massive-multiplayer online games are played within dedicated gaming spaces; here, we find multiple players, machines, and many different sorts of activities going on (besides playing the game)...
November 30, 2016: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862872/temporal-patterns-of-imidacloprid-resistance-throughout-a-growing-season-in-leptinotarsa-decemlineata-populations
#2
Justin Clements, Sean Schoville, Nathan Clements, Scott Chapman, Russell L Groves
BACKGROUND: The Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say), is a major agricultural pest of commercial potatoes. Pest managers use a combination of control tactics to limit populations, including multiple insecticides. Finding a window of insecticide susceptibility and understanding genetic responses to insecticide exposure during a growing season may provide novel management recommendations for L. decemlineata. RESULTS: We examined temporal changes (during one growing season) in phenotypic response between a susceptible population and an imidacloprid-resistant population...
November 11, 2016: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858502/prehospital-providers-perceptions-on-providing-patient-and-family-centered-care
#3
Emily M Ayub, Esther M Sampayo, Manish I Shah, Cara B Doughty
BACKGROUND: A gap exists in understanding a provider's approach to delivering care that is mutually beneficial to patients, families, and other providers in the prehospital setting. The purpose of this study was to identify attitudes, beliefs, and perceived barriers to providing patient and family centered care (PFCC) in the prehospital setting and to describe potential solutions for improving PFCC during critical pediatric events. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative, cross-sectional study of a purposive sample of Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) and paramedics from an urban, municipal, fire-based EMS system, who participated in the Pediatric Simulation Training for Emergency Prehospital Providers (PediSTEPPS) course...
November 18, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825363/pre-hospital-management-of-mass-casualty-civilian-shootings-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
Conor D A Turner, David J Lockey, Marius Rehn
BACKGROUND: Mass casualty civilian shootings present an uncommon but recurring challenge to emergency services around the world and produce unique management demands. On the background of a rising threat of transnational terrorism worldwide, emergency response strategies are of critical importance. This study aims to systematically identify, describe and appraise the quality of indexed and non-indexed literature on the pre-hospital management of modern civilian mass shootings to guide future practice...
November 8, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822967/emerging-drugs-and-drug-targets-against-tuberculosis
#5
Nzungize Lambert, Abualgasim Elgaili Abdalla, Xiangke Duan, Jianping Xie
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis), the causative agent of tuberculosis, uses various tactics to resist on antibiotics and evade host immunity. To control tuberculosis, antibiotics with novel mechanisms of action are urgently needed. Emerging new antibiotics and underlying novel drug targets are summarized in this paper.
December 2, 2016: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813664/habitat-management-to-suppress-pest-populations-progress-and-prospects
#6
Geoff M Gurr, Steve D Wratten, Douglas A Landis, Minsheng You
Habitat management involving manipulation of farmland vegetation can exert direct suppressive effects on pests and promote natural enemies. Advances in theory and practical techniques have allowed habitat management to become an important subdiscipline of pest management. Improved understanding of biodiversity-ecosystem function relationships means that researchers now have a firmer theoretical foundation on which to design habitat management strategies for pest suppression in agricultural systems, including landscape-scale effects...
November 2, 2016: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793357/and-then-the-internet-happened-thoughts-on-the-future-of-concept-mapping
#7
Daniel McLinden
Over 25 years ago, in the late twentieth century, concept mapping emerged as a mixed method approach to inquiry that enables a group of people to conceptualize their thinking about a specific topic. Since then, the application of concept mapping has spread widely and an easy prediction for the future is that this trend is likely to continue; a more important and greater challenge is to think about the ways in which concept mapping may and should evolve. Discussed here are thoughts about the future of concept mapping including some predictions of likely directions and suggestions for new possibilities...
October 11, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788410/everyday-tactics-in-local-moral-worlds-e-cigarette-practices-in-a-working-class-area-of-the-uk
#8
Frances Thirlway
Research into e-cigarette use has largely focused on their health effects and efficacy for smoking cessation, with little attention given to their potential effect on health inequalities. Drawing on three years of ethnographic research between 2012 and 2015, I investigate the emerging e-cigarette practices of adult smokers and quitters in a working-class area of the UK. I first use de Certeau's notion of 'tactics' to describe the informal economy of local e-cigarette use. Low-priced products were purchased through personal networks and informal sources for financial reasons, but also as a solution to the moral problems of addiction and expenditure on the self, particularly for older smokers...
December 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784815/osimertinib-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-t790m-mutation-positive-metastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-clinical-trial-evidence-and-experience
#9
REVIEW
Ivana Sullivan, David Planchard
Patients with advanced epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are particularly sensitive to treatment with first- or second-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as gefitinib, erlotinib and afatinib, which block the cell-signaling pathways that drive the growth of tumor cells. Unfortunately, the majority of patients develop resistance to them after a median duration of response of around 10 months, and in over half of these patients the emergence of the EGFR T790M resistance mutation is detected...
October 26, 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761120/soft-assembled-multilevel-dynamics-of-tactical-behaviors-in-soccer
#10
Angel Ric, Carlota Torrents, Bruno Gonçalves, Jaime Sampaio, Robert Hristovski
This study aimed to identify the tactical patterns and the timescales of variables during a soccer match, allowing understanding the multilevel organization of tactical behaviors, and to determine the similarity of patterns performed by different groups of teammates during the first and second halves. Positional data from 20 professional male soccer players from the same team were collected using high frequency global positioning systems (5 Hz). Twenty-nine categories of tactical behaviors were determined from eight positioning-derived variables creating multivariate binary (Boolean) time-series matrices...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755710/repeated-wildfires-alter-forest-recovery-of-mixed-conifer-ecosystems
#11
Camille Stevens-Rumann, Penelope Morgan
Most models project warmer and drier climates that will contribute to larger and more frequent wildfires. However, it remains unknown how repeated wildfires alter post-fire successional patterns and forest structure. Here, we test the hypothesis that the number of wildfires, as well as the order and severity of wildfire events interact to alter forest structure and vegetation recovery and implications for vegetation management. In 2014, we examined forest structure, composition, and tree regeneration in stands that burned 1-18 yr before a subsequent 2007 wildfire...
September 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740660/fluorescent-glycoprobes-a-sweet-addition-for-improved-sensing
#12
Xiao-Peng He, Yi Zang, Tony D James, Jia Li, Guo-Rong Chen, Juan Xie
The development of small-molecule fluorescent probes for the detection of ions and biomacromolecules and for cellular and in vivo imaging has been a very active research area. Nevertheless, many problems exist for traditional probes including their poor water solubility, toxicity and the inability to target specific tissues. Because of the enhanced water solubility, biocompatibility and targeting ability for specific cells, there has been an emerging movement to use carbohydrates as either the backbone or as a warhead to decorate conventional fluorescent probes, producing "glycoprobes" with enhanced properties...
October 14, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734444/walking-the-plank
#13
Joshua Banting, Tony Meriano
The series objective is to review various clinical conditions/ presentations, including the latest evidence on management, and to dispel common myths. In the process, core knowledge and management principles are enhanced. A clinical case will be presented. Cases will be drawn from real life but phrased in a context that is applicable to the Special Operations Forces (SOF) or tactical emergency medical support (TEMS) environment. Details will be presented in such a way that the reader can follow along and identify how they would manage the case clinically depending on their experience and environment situation...
2016: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734438/evaluation-of-models-of-pneumatic-tourniquet-in-simulated-out-of-hospital-use
#14
John F Kragh, James K Aden, Michael A Dubick
BACKGROUND: Pneumatic field tourniquets have been recommended for Military medics to stop bleeding from limb wounds, but no comparison of commercially available pneumatic models of tourniquet has been reported. The purpose of this study is to provide laboratory data on the differential performance of models of pneumatic tourniquets to inform decision-making of potential field assessment by military users. METHODS: Models included the Emergency and Military Tourniquet (EMT), Tactical Pneumatic Tourniquet 2-inch (TPT2), and Tactical Pneumatic Tourniquet 3-inch (TPT3)...
2016: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729442/the-new-politics-of-us-health-care-prices-institutional-reconfiguration-and-the-emergence-of-all-payer-claims-databases
#15
Philip Rocco, Andrew S Kelly, Daniel Béland, Michael Kinane
Prices are a significant driver of health care cost in the United States. Existing research on the politics of health system reform has emphasized the limited nature of policy entrepreneurs' efforts at solving the problem of rising prices through direct regulation at the state level. Yet this literature fails to account for how change agents in the states gradually reconfigured the politics of prices, forging new, transparency-based policy instruments called all-payer claims databases (APCDs), which are designed to empower consumers, purchasers, and states to make informed market and policy choices...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729097/from-protective-intelligence-to-threat-assessment-strategies-critical-to-preventing-targeted-violence-and-the-active-shooter
#16
Matthew Doherty
Acts of targeted violence - including active shooter incidents - are typically over within 15 minutes, often before the first law enforcement personnel can respond to the scene. More than a third of active shooter incidents in the USA, for example, last less than five minutes. While this stark fact is often used, with unimpeachable validity, as the cornerstone of employee security awareness training and the need for each employee to make a quick decision on whether to run, hide or fight, it also underscores the importance of another critical priority: prevention...
2016: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689384/proceedings-of-the-2016-spring-summer-meeting-of-the-committee-for-tactical-emergency-casualty-care
#17
Nelson Tang, Geoffrey Shapiro, E Reed Smith, Richard Kamin, David W Callaway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688867/an-analysis-of-electronic-cigarette-and-cigarette-advertising-in-us-women-s-magazines
#18
Corey Hannah Basch, Jennifer Mongiovi, Grace Clarke Hillyer, Danna Ethan, Rodney Hammond
BACKGROUND: Traditional cigarette advertising has existed in the US for over 200 years. Studies suggest that advertising has an impact on the initiation and maintenance of smoking behaviors. In recent years, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) emerged on the market as an alternative to the traditional tobacco cigarette. The purpose of this study was to describe advertisements in popular US magazines marketed to women for cigarettes and e-cigarettes. METHODS: This study involved analyzing 99 issues of 14 popular US magazines marketed to women...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667919/relationship-characteristics-associated-with-teen-dating-violence-perpetration
#19
Alana M Vivolo-Kantor, Greta Massetti, Phyllis Niolon, Vangie Foshee, Luz McNaughton-Reyes
Teen dating violence (TDV) is unstable across dating relationships, suggesting that characteristics of the relationship could be related to TDV. Few empirical studies have examined these links. This study examined associations between relationship characteristics and TDV perpetration among teens and sex differences in those associations. Relationship characteristics examined include tactics used to manipulate partners; ways of responding to relationship problems; relationship duration; exclusivity of the relationship; age difference between partners; and history of sexual intercourse with partner...
2016: Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640657/quality-improvement-in-health-care-how-to-do-it
#20
Kieran Walsh, Rufus Helm, Omar A Aboshady
This article outlines the steps to success in quality improvement and explains how quality improvement can help you, your patients and your institution. Although many tactics can be used to drive quality improvement, some tactics deliver results that are short term and unsustainable and that fail to embed a culture of quality improvement within organizations. Consensus is emerging that a bottom-up approach may be better - where the intrinsic motivations of clinical staff are harnessed to drive quality improvement...
September 2, 2016: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
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