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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507655/how-are-pharmacists-in-ontario-adapting-to-practice-change-results-of-a-qualitative-analysis-using-kotter-s-change-management-model
#1
Beatriz Teixeira, Paul A M Gregory, Zubin Austin
BACKGROUND: The pace of practice change in community pharmacy over the past decade has been significant, yet there is little evidence documenting implementation of change in the profession. METHODS: Kotter's change management model was selected as a theoretical framework for this exploratory qualitative study. Community pharmacists were interviewed using a semistructured protocol based on Kotter's model. Data were analyzed and coded using a constant-comparative iterative method aligned with the stages of change management outlined by Kotter...
May 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478999/integration-of-tactical-ems-in-the-national-park-service
#2
REVIEW
William Will R Smith
The National Park Service (NPS) has domestic responsibility for emergency medical services (EMS) in remote and sometimes tactical situations in 417 units covering over 34 million hectares (84 million acres). The crossover between conflicting patient care priorities and complex medical decision making in the tactical, technical, and wilderness/remote environments often has many similarities. Patient care in these diverse locations, when compared with military settings, has slightly different variables but often similar corresponding risks to the patients and providers...
May 4, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440870/intensity-of-male-male-competition-predicts-morph-diversity-in-a-colour-polymorphic-lizard
#3
Guillem Pérez I de Lanuza, Miguel A Carretero, Enrique Font
Sexual selection is one of the main processes involved in the emergence and maintenance of heritable colour polymorphisms in a variety of taxa. Here we test whether the intensity of sexual selection, estimated from population sex ratio, predicts morph diversity in Podarcis muralis, a colour polymorphic lizard with discrete white, yellow, orange, white-orange, and yellow-orange male and female phenotypes (i.e. morphs). In a sample of 116 Pyrenean populations and 5421 lizards, sex ratios (m/f) vary from 0.29 to 2...
April 25, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439149/refinement-and-preliminary-testing-of-an-imagery-based-program-to-improve-coping-and-performance-and-prevent-trauma-among-urban-police-officers
#4
Eamonn Arble, Mark A Lumley, Nnamdi Pole, James Blessman, Bengt B Arnetz
Police officers are regularly exposed to traumatic critical incidents. The substantial mental, behavioral, and social costs of police trauma indicate a substantial need for prevention. We have refined and enhanced a previously tested Swedish program to the harsh conditions of U.S. inner cities. The program was designed to strengthen resilience during stressful encounters and teach methods of coping after exposure, thereby preventing the emergence of maladaptive symptoms and behaviors with adverse effects on professionalism...
March 2017: J Police Crim Psychol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425929/contradictions-and-promise-for-end-of-life-communication-among-family-and-friends-death-over-dinner-conversations
#5
Andrea Lambert South, Jessica Elton
The free, open-access website called "Let's Get Together and Talk about Death", or Death over Dinner (DoD), provides resources for initiating end-of-life conversations with family and friends by taking the frightening-talking about death-and transforming it into the familiar-a conversation over dinner. This qualitative, descriptive study uses grounded theory and thematic analysis to answer the following research question: How do friend and family groups communicate about death and dying in DoD conversations? To answer this question, 52 dinner groups were recruited and conversations were conducted, which consisted of a facilitator and volunteers...
April 20, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416891/session-rpe-for-quantifying-the-load-of-different-youth-basketball-training-sessions
#6
C Lupo, A Tessitore, L Gasperi, Mar Gomez
The aim of the study was to evaluate youth basketball training, verifying the reliability of the session-RPE method in relation to session duration (< and ≥ 80 minutes) and workout typology (reduced and high warm-up, conditioning, technical, tactical, game portions within a single session) categories. Six male youth basketball players (age, 16.5±0.5 years; height, 195.5±6.75 cm; body mass, 93.9±10.9 kg; and body mass index, 23.6±2.8 kg.m(-2)) were monitored (HR, type and duration of workouts) during 15 (66 individual) training sessions (80±26 minutes)...
March 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407233/language-disorder-and-retrospectively-reported-sexual-abuse-of-girls-severity-and-disclosure
#7
E B Brownlie, Eva Graham, Lin Bao, Emiko Koyama, Joseph H Beitchman
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging evidence for an association between communication disorders and maltreatment, little research has examined sexual abuse characteristics or disclosure experiences among individuals with language disorder (LD). Given that communication difficulties may constitute a barrier to disclosure, the disclosure experiences among individuals with and without communication difficulties may also differ. METHODS: Five-year-old children identified with a language and/or speech disorder from a nonclinical community sample and a control group were followed to adulthood in a prospective longitudinal study...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404775/stable-producer-scrounger-dynamics-in-wild-birds-sociability-and-learning-speed-covary-with-scrounging-behaviour
#8
L M Aplin, J Morand-Ferron
There has been extensive game-theoretic modelling of conditions leading to equilibria of producer-scrounger dichotomies in groups. However there is a surprising paucity of experimental evidence in wild populations. Here, we examine producer-scrounger games in five subpopulations of birds feeding at a socially learnt foraging task. Over four weeks, a bimodal distribution of producers and scroungers emerged in all areas, with pronounced and consistent individual tactic specialization persisting over 3 years. Tactics were unrelated to exploratory personality, but correlated with latency to contact and learn the foraging task, with the late arrivers and slower learners more likely to adopt the scrounging role...
April 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392170/translating-tactical-combat-casualty-care-lessons-learned-to-the-high-threat-civilian-setting-tactical-emergency-casualty-care-and-the-hartford-consensus
#9
REVIEW
David W Callaway
Combat operations necessitate bold thought and afford the opportunity to rapidly evolve and improve trauma care. The development and maturation of Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) is an important example of a critical process improvement strategy that reduced mortality in high-threat combat-related trauma. The Committee for Tactical Emergency Casualty Care (C-TECC) adapted the lessons of TCCC to the civilian high-threat environment and provided important all-hazards response principles for austere, dynamic, and resource-limited environments...
April 6, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390110/functional-responses-in-animal-movement-explain-spatial-heterogeneity-in-animal-habitat-relationships
#10
Tom H E Mason, Daniel Fortin
1.Understanding why heterogeneity exists in animal-habitat spatial relationships is critical for identifying the drivers of animal distributions. Functional responses in habitat selection - whereby animals adjust their habitat selection depending on habitat availability - are useful for describing animal-habitat spatial heterogeneity. However, they could be yielded by different movement tactics, involving contrasting inter-specific interactions. 2.Identifying functional responses in animal movement, rather than in emergent spatial patterns like habitat selection, could disentangle the effects of different movement behaviours on spatial heterogeneity in animal-habitat relationships...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383979/revenge-versus-rapport-interrogation-terrorism-and-torture
#11
Laurence Alison, Emily Alison
This review begins with the historical context of harsh interrogation methods that have been used repeatedly since the Second World War. This is despite the legal, ethical and moral sanctions against them and the lack of evidence for their efficacy. Revenge-motivated interrogations (Carlsmith & Sood, 2009) regularly occur in high conflict, high uncertainty situations and where there is dehumanization of the enemy. These methods are diametrically opposed to the humanization process required for adopting rapport-based methods-for which there is an increasing corpus of studies evidencing their efficacy...
April 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379445/optimizing-use-of-girdled-ash-trees-for-management-of-low-density-emerald-ash-borer-coleoptera-buprestidae-populations
#12
Nathan W Siegert, Deborah G McCullough, Therese M Poland, Robert L Heyd
Effective survey methods to detect and monitor recently established, low-density infestations of emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), remain a high priority because they provide land managers and property owners with time to implement tactics to slow emerald ash borer population growth and the progression of ash mortality. We evaluated options for using girdled ash (Fraxinus spp.) trees for emerald ash borer detection and management in a low-density infestation in a forested area with abundant green ash (F...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366202/human-predatory-behavior-and-the-social-implications-of-communal-hunting-based-on-evidence-from-the-td10-2-bison-bone-bed-at-gran-dolina-atapuerca-spain
#13
Antonio Rodríguez-Hidalgo, Palmira Saladié, Andreu Ollé, Juan Luis Arsuaga, José María Bermúdez de Castro, Eudald Carbonell
Zooarcheological research is an important tool in reconstructing subsistence, as well as for inferring relevant aspects regarding social behavior in the past. The organization of hunting parties, forms of predation (number and rate of animals slaughtered), and the technology used (tactics and tools) must be taken into account in the identification and classification of hunting methods in prehistory. The archeological recognition of communal hunting reflects an interest in evolutionary terms and their inherent implications for anticipatory capacities, social complexity, and the development of cognitive tools, such as articulated language...
April 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361058/-don-t-just-do-something%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-stand-there-emergency-responders-peri-incident-perceptions-of-animal-owners-in-bushfire
#14
Rachel Anne Nosworthy Westcott, Kevin Ronan, Hilary Bambrick, Melanie Taylor
INTRODUCTION: Narrowing the awareness-preparedness gap in bushfires (wildfires) means that new strategies and tactics will be needed to improve human safety and survival in this increasingly frequent and severe globally significant natural hazard. One way to do this is to explore the peri-event experiences of novel demographic groups living and working in at-risk areas to determine how best to strengthen a collaborative, mutually beneficial interface with emergency responders. Thus, this study included participants from one novel demographic, animal owners, in combination with emergency responders...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318990/junctional-hemorrhage-control-for-tactical-combat-casualty-care
#15
REVIEW
Russ S Kotwal, Frank K Butler
During historic, as well as more recent, conflicts, most combat casualties who die from their injuries do so in the prehospital setting. Although many of the injuries incurred by these casualties are nonsurvivable, a number of injuries are still potentially survivable. Of those injuries that are potentially survivable, the majority are truncal, junctional, and extremity hemorrhage. Novel and effective approaches directed toward prehospital hemorrhage control have emerged in recent years, some of which can prove useful in the management of junctional hemorrhage whether in a military or civilian setting...
March 16, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291221/-a-new-concept-of-organization-and-scope-of-neurosurgical-care-in-the-us-army-during-armed-conflicts-in-the-early-2000s
#16
Yu V Khrapov, D E Alekseev, D V Svistov
Military operations in various parts of the world in the early 2000s are becoming more regionalized; new warfare tactics emerge, which makes it necessary to review and modify the neurosurgical care system. The article reviews the results of original studies on this issue and summarizes the experience of the US Army medical service in Afghanistan and Iraq. The article discusses the structure of sanitary losses, organization and scope of medical and evacuation neurosurgical measures, types and techniques of surgical interventions, and the rate of complications...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290925/two-decades-of-saving-lives-on-the-battlefield-tactical-combat-casualty-care-turns-20
#17
Frank K Butler
BACKGROUND: Twenty years ago, the original Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) article was published in this journal. Since TCCC is essentially a set of best-practice prehospital trauma care guidelines customized for use on the battlefield, the presence of a journal with a specific focus on military medicine was a profound benefit to the initial presentation of TCCC to the U.S. Military. METHODS: In the two ensuing decades, which included the longest continuous period of armed conflict in our nation's history, TCCC steadily evolved as the prehospital trauma care evidence base was augmented and as feedback from user medics, corpsmen, and pararescuemen was obtained...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285494/proceedings-from-the-2016-mid-year-meeting-of-the-committee-for-tactical-emergency-casualty-care-c-tecc-and-committee-updates
#18
Geoffrey Shapiro, Nelson Tang, Richard Kamin, Reed Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285478/cat-on-a-hot-tin-roof-mechanical-testing-of-models-of-tourniquets-after-environmental-exposure
#19
Daniel K O'Conor, John F Kragh, James K Aden, Michael A Dubick
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to mechanically assess models of emergency tourniquet after 18 months of environmental exposure to weather to better understand risk of component damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An experiment was designed to test tourniquet performance on a manikin thigh. Three tourniquet models were assessed: Special Operations Forces Tactical Tourniquet Wide, Ratcheting Medical Tourniquet, and Combat Application Tourniquet. Unexposed tourniquets formed a control group stored in a laboratory; exposed tourniquets were placed outdoors on a metal roof for 18 months in San Antonio, Texas...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248556/psychometric-evaluation-and-cultural-correlates-of-the-mate-retention-inventory-short-form-mri-sf-in-iran
#20
Mohammad Atari, Nicole Barbaro, Todd K Shackelford, Razieh Chegeni
The current study investigated the psychometric properties of the Persian translation of the Mate Retention Inventory-Short Form (MRI-SF) in Iran. We also investigated sex differences in the use of mate retention tactics and investigated the relationships between mate retention behaviors and a number of related cultural constructs. Participants ( N = 308) ranged in age from 18 to 57 years. All participants were in a committed romantic relationship, with mean relationship length of 63.5 months ( SD = 73.8). Participants completed the Persian translation of the MRI-SF and measures of religiosity, relationship satisfaction, self-esteem, and socioeconomic status...
January 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
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