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Tactical emergency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334946/surmounting-difficulties-to-provide-home-based-neonatal-care-reflections-of-community-health-workers
#1
Abhijit Shrinivas Prabhughate, Pearl Tiwari, Shubhangi Sohoni, Vallaree Anant Morgaonkar, Ajay Gajanan Phatak, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar, Anagha Anand Mahajani
BACKGROUND: In India, community health workers' (CHW) effectiveness in providing home-based neonatal care (HBNC) has been well documented. The nature of challenges faced and strategies adopted while providing HBNC services need to be studied in-depth. METHODS: A qualitative study to understand the challenges faced and strategies used by Sakhis (women CHW) while providing services as part of a HBNC program implemented by a non-profit organization. Data consisted of 20 in-depth interviews and three focus group discussions (FGD) with Sakhis...
January 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319820/embryo-implantation-war-in-times-of-love
#2
Nancy Ashary, Abhishek Tiwari, Deepak Modi
Contrary to widespread belief, the implantation of an embryo for the initiation of pregnancy is like a battle, in that the embryo uses a variety of coercive tactics to force its acceptance by the endometrium. We propose that embryo implantation involves a three step process: 1) identification of a receptive endometrium; 2) superimposition of a blastocyst-derived signature onto the receptive endometrium prior to implantation; and finally 3) breaching by the embryo and trophoblast invasion, culminating in decidualization and placentation...
January 8, 2018: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295018/is-there-a-cumulative-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-emerging-adulthood
#3
Valentina Nikulina, Melissa Gelin, Amanda Zwilling
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been shown to cumulatively predict a range of poor physical and mental health outcomes across adulthood. The cumulative effect of ACEs on intimate partner violence (IPV) in emerging adulthood has not been previously explored. The current study examined the individual and cumulative associations between nine ACEs (emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, witnessing domestic violence, living with a mentally ill, substance abusing, or incarcerated household member) and IPV in a diverse sample of college students ( N = 284; Mage = 20...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243038/what-performance-analysts-need-to-know-about-research-trends-in-association-football-2012-2016-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Hugo Sarmento, Filipe Manuel Clemente, Duarte Araújo, Keith Davids, Allistair McRobert, António Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: Evolving patterns of match analysis research need to be systematically reviewed regularly since this area of work is burgeoning rapidly and studies can offer new insights to performance analysts if theoretically and coherently organized. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to conduct a systematic review of published articles on match analysis in adult male football, identify and organize common research topics, and synthesize the emerging patterns of work between 2012 and 2016, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
December 14, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229526/an-oligothiophene-compound-neutralized-influenza-a-viruses-by-interfering-with-hemagglutinin
#5
Xintian Shen, Zhibo Zhu, Yi Ding, Wenjiao Wu, Jie Yang, Shuwen Liu
Background and Objectives Recently influenza pandemic outbreaks were caused by emerging H5N1H7N9 and H1N1 viruses. However, virucidal disinfectants are mainly unspecific and toxic. It is tactical to discover specific virucidal compounds. METHODS: The inhibitory potency was determined in H5N1 pseudovirus system; Interactions of compounds with hemagglutinin(HA) were detected with surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and further calculated with molecular docking. Virucidal effect was also estimated in influenza virus A/Puerto Rico/8/34(H1N1)...
December 8, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198250/cornicle-secretions-by-aphis-fabae-hemiptera-aphididae-result-in-age-dependent-costs-and-improved-host-suitability-for-lysiphlebus-fabarum-marshall-hymenoptera-braconidae
#6
Y Parvizi, A Rasekh, J P Michaud
We examined the life history consequences of cornicle secretion by Aphis fabae Scopoli in second and fourth instars, and its effects on host suitability for its parasitoid, Lysiphlebus fabarum (Marshall). Cornicle secretion did not affect aphid fecundity, but secretion in the second instar enhanced life table parameters, whereas secretion in the fourth instar affected them negatively, suggesting a higher cost of secretion in later instars. Secretion in either instar improved host suitability for L. fabarum...
December 4, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188917/-implementation-of-the-hartford-consensus-and-tactical-combat-casualty-care-recommendations-in-emergency-services-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Carmen Usero-Pérez, Valentín González Alonso, Luis Orbañanos Peiro, José Manuel Gómez Crespo, Sheima Hossain López
Recent terrorist attacks involving active shooters or improvised explosive devices have shown that traditionally sequenced emergency management leads to delays in attending victims and suboptimal outcomes. Tactical medicine, a new concept in prehospital care, emerged from experience attending the wounded in combat zones, where the Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) recommendations are applied. TCCC targets 3 main causes of preventable death in combat: bleeding from extremities, tension pneumothorax, and airway obstruction...
2017: Emergencias: revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176401/2017-military-supplement-dodecafluoropentane-emulsion-ddfpe-as-a-resuscitation-fluid-for-treatment-of-hemorrhagic-shock-and-traumatic-brain-injury-a-review
#8
Kaitlin Graham, Paula F Moon-Massat, Evan C Unger
Dodecafluoropentane emulsion (DDFPe) is a novel nanotechnology for oxygen delivery with therapeutic potential for hemorrhagic shock and/or traumatic brain injury (TBI). DDFPe demonstrates efficacy at smaller doses than previously tested perfluorocarbon oxygen therapeutics. This smaller dose potentially eliminates toxicities exhibited by previous oxygen therapeutics, while anti-inflammatory properties of DDFPe may alleviate damage from ischemia reperfusion injury. This mini-review summarizes our progress in developing a battle-field ready product to prevent combat death due to hemorrhagic shock and/or TBI...
November 15, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158995/the-role-of-biomaterials-in-the-treatment-of-meniscal-tears
#9
Crystal O Kean, Robert J Brown, James Chapman
Extensive investigations over the recent decades have established the anatomical, biomechanical and functional importance of the meniscus in the knee joint. As a functioning part of the joint, it serves to prevent the deterioration of articular cartilage and subsequent osteoarthritis. To this end, meniscus repair and regeneration is of particular interest from the biomaterial, bioengineering and orthopaedic research community. Even though meniscal research is previously of a considerable volume, the research community with evolving material science, biology and medical advances are all pushing toward emerging novel solutions and approaches to the successful treatment of meniscal difficulties...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136556/industry-interests-in-gambling-research-lessons-learned-from-other-forms-of-hazardous-consumption
#10
S Cowlishaw, S L Thomas
Research indicates that the evidential bases for many harm reduction policies targeting hazardous consumptions (including tobacco, alcohol and gambling) have been distorted by commercial industries that derive revenue from such commodities. These distortions are best illustrated by research on tobacco and alcohol, which indicates similar tactics used by industries to determine favourable policy environments through engineering of evidence, among other approaches. Although there is concern that gambling research is similarly vulnerable to commercial interests, the relevant literature lags far behind other fields and the aim of this paper is to increase familiarity with tactics used by industries for influencing research...
November 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124116/toward-common-mechanisms-for-risk-factors-in-alzheimer-s-syndrome
#11
REVIEW
Miguel Medina, Zaven S Khachaturian, Martin Rossor, Jesús Avila, Angel Cedazo-Minguez
The global strategic goal of reducing health care cost, especially the prospects for massive increases due to expanding markets for health care services demanded by aging populations and/or people with a wide range of chronic disorders-disabilities, is a complex and formidable challenge with many facets. Current projections predict marked increases in the demand for health driven by both the exponential climb in the prevalence of chronic disabilities and the increases in the absolute numbers of people in need of some form of health care...
November 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115646/a-new-perspective-on-life-saving-procedures-in-a-battlefield-setting-emergency-cricothyroidotomy-needle-thoracostomy-and-chest-tube-thoracostomy-with-night-vision-goggles
#12
Sedat Bilge, Attila Aydın, Meltem Bilge, Cemile Aydın, Erdem Çevik, Mehmet Eryılmaz
BACKGROUND: In the patients with multiple and serious trauma, early applications of life-saving procedures are related to improved survival. We tried to experimentally determine the feasibility of life-saving interventions that are performed with the aid of night vision goggles (NVG) in nighttime combat scenario. METHODS: Chest tube thoracostomy (CTT), emergency cricothyroidotomy (EC), and needle thoracostomy (NT) interventions were performed by 10 combatant medical staff...
November 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110358/temporal-variation-in-brain-transcriptome-is-associated-with-the-expression-of-female-mimicry-as-a-sequential-male-alternative-reproductive-tactic-in-fish
#13
Sara D Cardoso, David Gonçalves, Alexander Goesmann, Adelino V M Canário, Rui F Oliveira
Distinct patterns of gene expression often underlie intra- and inter-sexual differences, and the study of this set of co-regulated genes is essential to understand the emergence of complex behavioural phenotypes. Here, we describe the development of a de novo transcriptome and brain gene expression profiles of wild-caught peacock blenny, Salaria pavo, an intertidal fish with sex-role reversal in courtship behaviour (i.e. females are the courting sex) and sequential alternative reproductive tactics in males (i...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095463/analogues-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-signalling-molecules-to-tackle-infections
#14
REVIEW
Eoin Ó Muimhneacháin, F Jerry Reen, Fergal O'Gara, Gerard P McGlacken
The emergence of antibiotic resistance coupled with the lack of investment by pharmaceutical companies necessitates a new look at how we tackle bacterial infections. An intriguing tactic is the interruption of bacterial communication systems. This non-biocidal approach would circumvent the evolutionary pressure on bacteria to mutate and develop resistance. In many pathogenic microorganisms, communication systems, collectively termed quorum sensing (QS), have been observed to control a number of bacterial behaviours including expression of virulence factors and the development of biofilms...
November 2, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084119/high-performing-local-health-departments-relate-their-experiences-at-community-engagement-in-emergency-preparedness
#15
Monica Schoch-Spana, Sanjana Ravi, Diane Meyer, Laura Biesiadecki, Geoffrey Mwaungulu
CONTEXT: Local health departments (LHDs) are implementing a national mandate to engage community partners, including individuals, businesses, and community- and faith-based organizations in the larger public health emergency preparedness (PHEP) enterprise. OBJECTIVE: Investigate how LHDs of varying size and resource levels successfully engage the community in PHEP to help uncover "best practices" that aspiring agencies can replicate, particularly in low-resource environments...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076477/-features-of-diagnostic-and-surgical-tactics-for-suicidal-and-autoaggressive-thoracic-and-abdominal-lesions
#16
M M Abakumov, E V Tatarinova, A P Vilk, O V Zubareva, Sh N Danielyan
AIM: To analyze diagnostic and surgical tactics for suicidal and autoaggressive thoracic and abdominal lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have analyzed the features of emergency surgical care depending on type of patients' behavior at admission. There were 516 patients with suicidal and autoaggressive thoracic and abdominal lesions. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Depressive (34%) and adequate (46%) patients were examined routinely. Inadequate (aggressive) behavior is inappropriate for instrumental examination while medical sedation may be followed by significant hemodynamic disorders in patients with severe lesions...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064937/a-history-of-us-army-pas
#17
Robyn L Chalupa, W Sanders Marble
The US military has a long tradition of using physician assistants (PAs). The Army began using PAs in 1971 in an effort to supplement the physicians and surgeons in the medical corps. As their numbers grew, PAs gradually replaced general medical officers assigned to battalions. Later, specialty positions developed in aviation medicine, orthopedics, and emergency medicine. The need for a PA serving as an adviser in the major commands slowly developed at all levels of leadership. In 2015, the Army removed limitations on female PAs assigned to combat units...
November 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063542/are-we-there-yet-human-factors-knowledge-and-health-information-technology-the-challenges-of-implementation-and-impact
#18
P Turner, A Kushniruk, C Nohr
Objective: To review the developments in human factors (HF) research on the challenges of health information technology (HIT) implementation and impact given the continuing incidence of usability problems and unintended consequences from HIT development and use. Methods: A search of PubMed/Medline and Web of Science® identified HF research published in 2015 and 2016. Electronic health records (EHRs) and patient-centred HIT emerged as significant foci of recent HF research. The authors selected prominent papers highlighting ongoing HF and usability challenges in these areas...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992947/optimizing-oil-spill-cleanup-efforts-a-tactical-approach-and-evaluation-framework
#19
Tony H Grubesic, Ran Wei, Jake Nelson
Although anthropogenic oil spills vary in size, duration and severity, their broad impacts on complex social, economic and ecological systems can be significant. Questions pertaining to the operational challenges associated with the tactical allocation of human resources, cleanup equipment and supplies to areas impacted by a large spill are particularly salient when developing mitigation strategies for extreme oiling events. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the application of advanced oil spill modeling techniques in combination with a developed mathematical model to spatially optimize the allocation of response crews and equipment for cleaning up an offshore oil spill...
October 6, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957331/the-sterile-insect-technique-for-the-management-of-the-spotted-wing-drosophila-drosophila-suzukii-establishing-the-optimum-irradiation-dose
#20
Geneviève Lanouette, Jacques Brodeur, François Fournier, Véronique Martel, Marc Vreysen, Carlos Cáceres, Annabelle Firlej
The spotted wing drosophila Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Diptera: Drosophilidae), a pest of berries stone fruits, invaded North America and Europe in 2008. Current control methods rely mainly on insecticides. The sterile insect technique (SIT) has potential as an additional control tactic for the integrated management of D. suzukii. As a step towards the development of the SIT, this study aimed at finding the optimum irradiation dose to sterilize D. suzukii under controlled laboratory conditions. Four-day-old D...
2017: PloS One
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