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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343049/stabilisation-of-spent-mushroom-substrate-for-application-as-a-plant-growth-promoting-organic-amendment
#1
Fabiana S Paula, Enrico Tatti, Florence Abram, Jude Wilson, Vincent O'Flaherty
Over three million tonnes of spent mushroom substrate (SMS) are produced in Europe every year as a by-product of the cultivation of Agaricus bisporus. The management of SMS has become an increasing challenge for the mushroom production industry, and finding environmentally and economically sustainable solutions for this organic residue is, therefore, highly desirable. Due to its physical properties and nutrient content, SMS has great potential to be employed in agricultural and horticultural sectors, and further contribute to reduce the use of non-renewable resources, such as peat...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340161/organizational-benchmarks-for-test-utilization-performance-an-example-based-on-positivity-rates-for-genetic-tests
#2
Joseph Rudolf, Brian R Jackson, Andrew R Wilson, Kristi J Smock, Robert L Schmidt
Objectives: Health care organizations are under increasing pressure to deliver value by improving test utilization management. Many factors, including organizational factors, could affect utilization performance. Past research has focused on the impact of specific interventions in single organizations. The impact of organizational factors is unknown. The objective of this study is to determine whether testing patterns are subject to organizational effects, ie, are utilization patterns for individual tests correlated within organizations...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340108/cigarette-smoking-and-musculoskeletal-pain-severity-among-male-and-female-afghanistan-iraq-era-veterans
#3
Kimberly T Green, Sarah M Wilson, Paul A Dennis, Jennifer J Runnals, Rebecca A Williams, Lori A Bastian, Jean C Beckham, Eric A Dedert, Harold S Kudler, Kristy Straits-Tröster, Jennifer M Gierisch, Patrick S Calhoun
Objective.:  Cigarette smoking and musculoskeletal pain are prevalent among Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system users. These conditions frequently co-occur; however, there is limited empirical information specific to Afghanistan/Iraq era veterans. The present study sought to examine gender differences in the association between cigarette smoking and moderate to severe musculoskeletal pain in US veterans with Afghanistan/Iraq era service. Methods.:  A random sample of 5,000 veterans with service after November 11, 2001, participated in a survey assessing health care needs and barriers to care...
March 14, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339283/development-optimization-and-implementation-of-a-centralized-metabolic-soft-spot-assay
#4
Anthony A Paiva, Cheryl Klakouski, Shu Li, Benjamin M Johnson, Yue-Zhong Shu, Jonathan Josephs, Tatyana Zvyaga, Ismael Zamora, Wilson Z Shou
AIM: High clearance is a commonly encountered issue in drug discovery. Here we present a centralized metabolic soft spot identification assay with adequate capacity and turnaround time to support the metabolic optimization needs of an entire discovery organization. METHODOLOGY: An integrated quan/qual approach utilizing both an orthogonal sample-pooling methodology and software-assisted structure elucidation was developed to enable the assay. Major metabolic soft spots in liver microsomes (rodent and human) were generated in a batch mode, along with kinetics of parent disappearance and metabolite formation, typically within 1 week of incubation...
March 24, 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338740/the-role-of-vip-in-social-behavior-neural-hotspots-for-the-modulation-of-affiliation-aggression-and-parental-care
#5
Marcy A Kingsbury, Leah C Wilson
Although the modulation of social behaviors by most major neurochemical systems has been explored, there are still standouts, including the study of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP). VIP is a modulator of circadian, reproductive, and seasonal rhythms and is well known for its role in reproductive behavior, as it is the main vertebrate prolactin-releasing hormone. Originally isolated as a gut peptide, VIP and its cognate receptors are present in virtually every brain area that is important for social behavior, including all nodes of the core "social behavior network" (SBN)...
December 16, 2016: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338049/breeding-system-and-spatial-isolation-from-congeners-strongly-constrain-seed-set-in-an-insect-pollinated-apomictic-tree-sorbus-subcuneata-rosaceae
#6
Tracey J Hamston, Robert J Wilson, Natasha de Vere, Tim C G Rich, Jamie R Stevens, James E Cresswell
In plants, apomixis results in the production of clonal offspring via seed and can provide reproductive assurance for isolated individuals. However, many apomicts require pollination to develop functional endosperm for successful seed set (pseudogamy) and therefore risk pollination-limitation, particularly in self-incompatible species that require heterospecific pollen. We used microsatellite paternity analysis and hand pollinations to investigate pollen-limitation in Sorbus subcuneata, a threatened endemic tree that co-occurs with its congener, S...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337926/telephone-crisis-support-workers-psychological-distress-and-impairment
#7
Taneile A Kitchingman, Coralie J Wilson, Peter Caputi, Ian Wilson, Alan Woodward
BACKGROUND: In order to respond to crises with appropriate intervention, crisis workers are required to manage their own needs as well as the needs of those they respond to. AIMS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to examine whether telephone crisis support workers experience elevated symptoms of psychological distress and are impaired by elevated symptoms. METHOD: Studies were identified in April 2015 by searching three databases, conducting a gray literature search, and forward and backward citation chaining...
March 24, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337621/metal-contaminated-potato-crops-and-potential-human-health-risk-in-bolivian-mining-highlands
#8
Alan E Garrido, William H J Strosnider, Robin Taylor Wilson, Janette Condori, Robert W Nairn
This study assessed metals in irrigation water, soil and potato crops impacted by mining discharges, as well as potential human health risk in the high desert near the historic mining center of Potosí, Bolivia. Metal concentrations were compared with international concentration limit guidelines. In addition, an ingested average daily dose and minimum risk level were used to determine the hazard quotient from potato consumption for adults and children. Irrigation water maximum concentrations of Cd, Pb and Zn in mining-impacted sites were elevated 20- to 1100-fold above international concentration limit guidelines...
March 23, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337605/application-of-diet-theory-reveals-context-dependent-foraging-preferences-in-an-herbivorous-coral-reef-fish
#9
John Hanmer, J Wilson White, Joseph R Pawlik
Dietary preferences of grazers can drive spatial variability in top-down control of autotroph communities, because diet composition may depend on the relative availability of autotroph species. On Caribbean coral reefs, parrotfish grazing is important in limiting macroalgae, but parrotfish dietary preferences are poorly understood. We applied diet-switching analysis to quantify the foraging preferences of the redband parrotfish (Sparisoma aurofrenatum). At 12 Caribbean reefs, we observed 293 redband parrotfish in 5-min feeding bouts and quantified relative benthic algal cover using quadrats...
March 23, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337597/the-functional-role-of-post-movement-beta-oscillations-in-motor-termination
#10
Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham, Max J Kurz, James E Gehringer, Tony W Wilson
Shortly after movement termination, there is a strong increase or resynchronization of the beta rhythm (15-30 Hz) across the sensorimotor network of humans, known as the post-movement beta rebound (PMBR). This response has been associated with active inhibition of the motor network following the completion of a movement, sensory afferentation of the sensorimotor cortices, and other functions. However, studies that have directly probed the role of the PMBR in movement execution have reported mixed results, possibly due to differences in the amount of total motor output and/or movement complexity...
March 24, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336871/magnetic-nanovectors-for-the-development-of-dna-blood-stage-malaria-vaccines
#11
Fatin M Nawwab Al-Deen, Sue D Xiang, Charles Ma, Kirsty Wilson, Ross L Coppel, Cordelia Selomulya, Magdalena Plebanski
DNA vaccines offer cost, flexibility, and stability advantages, but administered alone have limited immunogenicity. Previously, we identified optimal configurations of magnetic vectors comprising superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs), polyethylenimine (PEI), and hyaluronic acid (HA) to deliver malaria DNA encoding Plasmodium yoelii (Py) merozoite surface protein MSP119 (SPIONs/PEI/DNA + HA gene complex) to dendritic cells and transfect them with high efficiency in vitro. Herein, we evaluate their immunogenicity in vivo by administering these potential vaccine complexes into BALB/c mice...
February 10, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336401/performance-of-the-spot-vision-screener-in-children-younger-than-three-years-of-age
#12
Blake D Forcina, M Millicent Peterseim, M Edward Wilson, Edward W Cheeseman, Samuel Feldman, Amanda L Marzolf, Bethany J Wolf, Rupal H Trivedi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of the Spot Vision Screener (Spot; Welch Allyn, Skaneateles Falls, NY) for detection of amblyopia risk factors in children aged 6 months to 3 years, as defined by the 2013 guidelines of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. DESIGN: Reliability analysis METHODS: In this study, children seen from 01 June 2012 to 30 April 2016 were tested with the Spot during a routine visit. Enrolled children underwent a comprehensive eye examination including cycloplegic refraction and sensorimotor testing within six months of the testing date by a pediatric ophthalmologist masked to the Spot results...
March 20, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336305/from-point-process-observations-to-collective-neural-dynamics-nonlinear-hawkes-process-glms-low-dimensional-dynamics-and-coarse-graining
#13
Wilson Truccolo
This review presents a perspective on capturing collective dynamics in recorded neuronal ensembles based on multivariate point process models, inference of low-dimensional dynamics and coarse graining of spatiotemporal measurements. A general probabilistic framework for continuous time point processes is reviewed, with an emphasis on multivariate nonlinear Hawkes processes with exogenous inputs. A point process generalized linear model (PP-GLM) framework for the estimation of discrete time multivariate nonlinear Hawkes processes is described...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Physiology, Paris
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335913/clinical-policy-critical-issues-in-the-diagnosis-and%C3%A2-management-of-the-adult-psychiatric-patient-in%C3%A2-the-emergency-department
#14
REVIEW
Devorah J Nazarian, Joshua S Broder, Molly E W Thiessen, Michael P Wilson, Leslie S Zun, Michael D Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335724/a-genetic-chronology-for-the-indian-subcontinent-points-to-heavily-sex-biased-dispersals
#15
Marina Silva, Marisa Oliveira, Daniel Vieira, Andreia Brandão, Teresa Rito, Joana B Pereira, Ross M Fraser, Bob Hudson, Francesca Gandini, Ceiridwen Edwards, Maria Pala, John Koch, James F Wilson, Luísa Pereira, Martin B Richards, Pedro Soares
BACKGROUND: India is a patchwork of tribal and non-tribal populations that speak many different languages from various language families. Indo-European, spoken across northern and central India, and also in Pakistan and Bangladesh, has been frequently connected to the so-called "Indo-Aryan invasions" from Central Asia ~3.5 ka and the establishment of the caste system, but the extent of immigration at this time remains extremely controversial. South India, on the other hand, is dominated by Dravidian languages...
March 23, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335021/mri-visible-perivascular-space-location-is-associated-with-alzheimer-s-disease-independently-of-amyloid-burden
#16
Gargi Banerjee, Hee Jin Kim, Zoe Fox, H Rolf Jäger, Duncan Wilson, Andreas Charidimou, Han Kyu Na, Duk L Na, Sang Won Seo, David J Werring
Perivascular spaces that are visible on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are a neuroimaging marker of cerebral small vessel disease. Their location may relate to the type of underlying small vessel pathology: those in the white matter centrum semi-ovale have been associated with cerebral amyloid angiopathy, while those in the basal ganglia have been associated with deep perforating artery arteriolosclerosis. As cerebral amyloid angiopathy is an almost invariable pathological finding in Alzheimer's disease, we hypothesized that MRI-visible perivascular spaces in the centrum semi-ovale would be associated with a clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, whereas those in the basal ganglia would be associated with subcortical vascular cognitive impairment...
February 17, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334468/supporting-the-aboriginal-alcohol-and-other-drug-workforce-in-new-south-wales-australia
#17
K S Kylie Lee, Bradley Freeburn, Steve Ella, Scott Wilson, Kristie Harrison, Monique McEwan, Katherine M Conigrave
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334259/population-distribution-and-range-expansion-of-the-invasive-mexican-rice-borer-lepidoptera-crambidae-in-louisiana
#18
Blake E Wilson, Julien M Beuzelin, Thomas E Reagan
The Mexican rice borer, Eoreuma loftini (Dyar) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), is an invasive pest that was first introduced into southern Texas in 1980 and has been expanding its range eastward along the United States Gulf Coast. The pest attacks rice (Oryza sativa L.), sugarcane (Saccharum spp.), corn (Zea mays L.), and other graminaceous crops, and its establishment in Louisiana is expected to have severe economic impacts on crop production. Range expansion and population distribution of E. loftini were monitored with a network of 77 pheromone traps throughout southwestern Louisiana from 2013 to 2015...
March 2, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334214/tdcs-modulates-visual-gamma-oscillations-and-basal-alpha-activity-in-occipital-cortices-evidence-from-meg
#19
Tony W Wilson, Timothy J McDermott, Mackenzie S Mills, Nathan M Coolidge, Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham
Transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS) is now a widely used method for modulating the human brain, but the resulting physiological effects are not understood. Recent studies have combined magnetoencephalography (MEG) with simultaneous tDCS to evaluate online changes in occipital alpha and gamma oscillations, but no study to date has quantified the offline (i.e., after tDCS) alterations in these responses. Thirty-five healthy adults received active or sham anodal tDCS to the occipital cortices, and then completed a visual stimulation paradigm during MEG that is known to elicit robust gamma and alpha oscillations...
March 10, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334179/bayesian-distributed-lag-interaction-models-to-identify-perinatal-windows-of-vulnerability-in-children-s-health
#20
Ander Wilson, Yueh-Hsiu Mathilda Chiu, Hsiao-Hsien Leon Hsu, Robert O Wright, Rosalind J Wright, Brent A Coull
Epidemiological research supports an association between maternal exposure to air pollution during pregnancy and adverse children's health outcomes. Advances in exposure assessment and statistics allow for estimation of both critical windows of vulnerability and exposure effect heterogeneity. Simultaneous estimation of windows of vulnerability and effect heterogeneity can be accomplished by fitting a distributed lag model (DLM) stratified by subgroup. However, this can provide an incomplete picture of how effects vary across subgroups because it does not allow for subgroups to have the same window but different within-window effects or to have different windows but the same within-window effect...
February 27, 2017: Biostatistics
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