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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628561/norepinephrine-versus-ephedrine-to-maintain-arterial-blood-pressure-during-spinal-anesthesia-for-cesarean-delivery-a-prospective-double-blinded-trial
#1
Ali Mohamed Ali Elnabtity, Mohamed Foad Selim
Background: Ephedrine was conventionally regarded as the first-choice drug to maintain maternal blood pressure during spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery, due to its stimulant activity on α- and β-adrenergic receptors. Norepinephrine is a weak β-adrenergic and potent α-adrenergic receptor agonist. Therefore, it may be suitable for maintaining blood pressure with less chronotropic effects compared to ephedrine. Patients and Methods: One hundred and forty healthy patients having cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia were randomized to Group N ( n = 61) who received a prophylactic bolus of norepinephrine 5 μg intravenous (i...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621921/temporal-and-quantitative-associations-of-electronic-fetal-heart-rate-monitoring-patterns-and-neonatal-outcomes-%C3%A2
#2
Dotun Ogunyemi, Andrew Jovanovski, Perry Friedman, Brittany Sweatman, Ichchha Madan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the associations of electronic fetal heart rate monitoring (EFM) patterns and adverse neonatal outcomes Study design: From 2013 to 2016; 12,067 term, singleton deliveries in labor ≥2 h with abnormal EFM defined as absent accelerations, variable, late or prolonged decelerations, tachycardia, bradycardia, or minimal variability were analyzed as any documentation during labor, in first hour and last hour of labor. Outcomes were composite neonatal adverse outcomes, neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission, neonatal hypoxia, neonatal hypoglycemia, umbilical artery pH, and base excess...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594003/snake-bite-in-third-trimester-of-pregnancy-with-systemic-envenomation-and-delivery-of-a-live-baby-in-a-low-resource-setting-a-case-report
#3
Adebayo A Adewole, Osadolor A Ugiagbe, Temitope G Onile, Gabriel A Joseph, Oluwamayowa D Kassim, Patricia F Medupin, Abiodun S Adeniran
Background: Snake bite in the third trimester of pregnancy with late presentation, systemic envenomation; disseminated intravascular coagulopathy and delivery of a live neonate is uncommon in a low resource setting. Case: We present a 22 year old unbooked Gravida 3 Para 1+ 1 1alive lentiviral positive woman at 32 weeks gestation with snake bite, leg swelling, vaginal bleeding and labour pains. At presentation, there were anemia, tachycardia, hypotension; a gravid uterus with a single fetus in longitudinal lie, cephalic presentation, regular fetal heart rate and cervical dilatation of 3 cm...
October 2017: Case Reports in Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463610/impact-of-frequent-premature-ventricular-contractions-on-pregnancy-outcomes
#4
Calvin Tong, Marla Kiess, Marc William Deyell, Michael Qiu, Merav Orgad, Valerie Rychel, Ariel Claman, Emma Hardwick, Beverly McCarthy, Candice K Silversides, Jasmine Grewal
OBJECTIVES: To determine cardiac and fetal/neonatal event rates among pregnant women with premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) and compare with control groups. METHODS: Prospective case-control cohort study: 53 consecutive pregnancies in 49 women referred to the St. Paul's Hospital between 2010 and 2016 with PVC burden >1% in women without underlying cardiac disease. Maternal cardiac and fetal/neonatal outcomes were compared with two pregnant control groups: (1) supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) group of 53 women referred for a history of SVT/SVT in the current pregnancy and (2) low-risk group of 53 women with no cardiac disease...
February 20, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440828/clinical-presentation-management-and-postnatal-outcomes-of-fetal-tachyarrhythmias-a-10-year-single-center-experience
#5
Balaganesh Karmegeraj, Sushmita Namdeo, Abish Sudhakar, Vivek Krishnan, Radhamany Kunjukutty, Balu Vaidyanathan
Background: Limited information is available regarding the prevalence and outcomes of fetal tachyarrhythmias from the developing countries. Aims: This study aims to report referral patterns, management protocols, and pregnancy outcomes of fetuses with tachyarrhythmias reporting to a single center in South India. Methods: All fetuses with documented sustained fetal tachyarrhythmia during the study period (2008-2017) were included. Arrhythmia characterization and hemodynamic evaluation were done using fetal echocardiography...
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428065/ectg-an-automatic-procedure-to-extract-digital-cardiotocographic-signals-from-digital-images
#6
Agnese Sbrollini, Angela Agostinelli, Ilaria Marcantoni, Micaela Morettini, Luca Burattini, Francesco Di Nardo, Sandro Fioretti, Laura Burattini
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cardiotocography (CTG), consisting in the simultaneous recording of fetal heart rate (FHR) and maternal uterine contractions (UC), is a popular clinical test to assess fetal health status. Typically, CTG machines provide paper reports that are visually interpreted by clinicians. Consequently, visual CTG interpretation depends on clinician's experience and has a poor reproducibility. The lack of databases containing digital CTG signals has limited number and importance of retrospective studies finalized to set up procedures for automatic CTG analysis that could contrast visual CTG interpretation subjectivity...
March 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408586/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-fetal-heart-rate-monitoring-deceleration-area-is-predictive-of-fetal-acidemia
#7
Alison G Cahill, Methodius G Tuuli, Molly J Stout, Julia D López, George A Macones
BACKGROUND: Intrapartum electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) is the most commonly used tool in obstetrics in the United States, however, which EFM patterns predict acidemia remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to describe the frequency of patterns seen in labor using modern nomenclature, and to test the hypothesis that visually interpreted patterns are associated with acidemia and morbidities in term infants. We further identified patterns prior to delivery, alone or in combination, predictive of acidemia and neonatal morbidity...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365327/histologic-funisitis-and-likelihood-of-intrauterine-inflammation-or-infection-a-case-control-study
#8
Morgen S Doty, Carolyn Salafia, Susan Shen-Schwarz, Edwin Guzman, George R Saade, Suneet P Chauhan
OBJECTIVE:  The objective of this study was to ascertain the likelihood of isolated maternal fever and suspected intrauterine inflammation or infection or both (Triple I) among cases of histologic chorioamnionitis with funisitis (HCF) at term. STUDY DESIGN:  In this case-control study, placental pathology records were reviewed to identify term singleton laboring patients with HCF. Controls (1:1) were matched for gestational age. RESULTS:  During the 6-month period, there were 2,399 term deliveries of laboring women...
January 24, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363451/case-report-an-acute-chikungunya-infection-and-a-recent-secondary-dengue-infection-in-a-peripartum-case-in-ecuador
#9
Daniel F Farrell, Christina D Lupone, Aileen Kenneson, Cinthya Cueva, Naveed Heydari, Julio H Barzallo Aguilera, Mark Polhemus, Timothy P Endy, Anna M Stewart-Ibarra
Dengue virus (DENV) and chikungunya virus (CHIKV) are transmitted by the same mosquito vectors and now co-circulate in many parts of the world; however, coinfections and serial infections are not often diagnosed or reported. A 38-week pregnant woman was admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of suspected DENV and CHIKV in southern coastal Ecuador. The pregnancy was complicated by mild polyhydramnios and fetal tachycardia, and a healthy newborn was born. The patient was positive for a recent secondary DENV infection (Immunoglobulin M and Immunoglobulin G positive) and an acute CHIKV infection (real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction positive) (Asian genotype)...
March 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325496/maternal-thyrotropin-receptor-antibody-concentration-and-the-risk-of-fetal-and-neonatal-thyrotoxicosis-a-systematic-review
#10
Myrthe M van Dijk, Iris H Smits, Eric Fliers, Peter H Bisschop
BACKGROUND: In pregnant women with Graves' disease, maternal thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TRAb) can cross the placenta and induce fetal or neonatal thyrotoxicosis. Symptoms of fetal thyrotoxicosis are tachycardia, intrauterine growth restriction, and intra-uterine death. Recommendations on an upper limit of TRAb concentrations below which intensive fetal monitoring can be safely omitted vary between different guidelines. The objective of this study was to define an evidence-based cutoff level for maternal TRAb necessitating additional fetal monitoring during pregnancy...
February 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315570/evolving-changes-in-fetal-heart-rate-variability-and-brain-injury-after-hypoxia-ischaemia-in-preterm-fetal-sheep
#11
Kyohei Yamaguchi, Christopher A Lear, Michael J Beacom, Tomoaki Ikeda, Alistair J Gunn, Laura Bennet
KEY POINTS: Fetal heart rate variability is a critical index of fetal wellbeing. Suppression of heart rate variability may provide prognostic information on the risk of hypoxic-ischaemic brain injury after birth. In the present study, we report the evolution of fetal heart rate variability after both mild and severe hypoxia-ischaemia. Both mild and severe hypoxia-ischaemia were associated with an initial, brief suppression of multiple measures of heart rate variability. This was followed by normal or increased levels of heart rate variability during the latent phase of injury...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246961/first-line-antiarrhythmic-transplacental-treatment-for-fetal-tachyarrhythmia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Tarek Alsaied, Shankar Baskar, Munes Fares, Fares Alahdab, Richard J Czosek, Mohammad Hassan Murad, Larry J Prokop, Allison A Divanovic
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on the most effective and best tolerated first-line antiarrhythmic treatment for fetal tachyarrhythmia. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy, safety, and fetal-maternal tolerance of first-line monotherapies for fetal supraventricular tachycardia and atrial flutter. METHODS AND RESULTS: A comprehensive search of several databases was conducted through January 2017. Only studies that made a direct comparison between first-line treatments of fetal tachyarrhythmia were included...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225683/concurrent-maternal-and-fetal-tachyarrhythmia-in-pregnancy
#13
Nadia Gabarin, Edgar T Jaeggi, Danna A Spears, Mathew Sermer, Candice K Silversides, Catriona J Bhagra
The occurrence of a maternal and fetal tachyarrhythmia together in pregnancy is exceedingly rare. We report a case of a persistent fetal atrial ectopic tachycardia occurring in conjunction with a maternal atrial tachycardia with left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Amiodarone was effective in treating both maternal and fetal arrhythmias.
December 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208503/maternal-complications-induced-by-digoxin-treatment-of-fetal-tachycardia-a-retrospective-series-of-18-cases
#14
S Moatassim, S Touleimat, T Hazelzet, M D Brasseur, A Diguet, I Durand, E Verspyck
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate maternal tolerance to digoxin, used alone or associated to other antiarrhythmic drugs in the management of fetal tachycardia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at Rouen University Hospital between January 2009 and July 2016. All women who have received a treatment by either digoxin alone or associated with another antiarrhythmic drug for fetal tachycardia were included in the study. Maternal cardiac and extracardiac adverse effects were reported and comparisons between electrocardiograms before and during treatment with digoxin alone were performed...
February 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198533/usefulness-of-routine-transtelephonic-monitoring-for-supraventricular-tachycardia-in-infants
#15
Jonathan Yaari, Dorota Gruber, Andrew D Blaufox
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesize that routine daily transtelephonic monitoring (TTM) transmissions can accurately detect supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in asymptomatic infants and/or assuage parental concerns rather than being used solely to diagnose arrhythmias. STUDY DESIGN: Single center, retrospective chart review of 60 patients with fetal or infant SVT prescribed TTM for at least 30 days, January 2010-September 2016. Patients were excluded if initial SVT was not documented, was perioperative, was atrial flutter/fibrillation, or chaotic atrial tachycardia...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183176/incidence-of-maternal-tachycardia-during-the-second-stage-of-labor-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#16
Craig V Towers, John Trussell, Robert E Heidel, Lindsey Chernicky, Bobby C Howard
OBJECTIVE: To our knowledge, this is the largest prospective study reporting on maternal heart rate (MHR) levels in laboring women (30 patients), and maternal tachycardia that is a potential risk factor in fetal monitoring confusion. Our objective was to analyze a large population of contiguous laboring patients and to assess the MHR levels attained during the second stage. METHODS: We performed a prospective study that analyzed MHR levels of second-stage laboring patients evaluating numerous predisposing maternal conditions...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102365/pregnancy-in-women-with-a-cardiomyopathy-outcomes-and-predictors-from-a-retrospective-cohort
#17
Gilles Billebeau, Martin Etienne, Riadh Cheikh-Khelifa, Daniele Vauthier-Brouzes, Estelle Gandjbakhch, Richard Isnard, Jacky Nizard, Michel Komajda, Marc Dommergues, Philippe Charron
BACKGROUND: Pregnancies in women with pre-existing cardiomyopathies are considered at high risk for complications. However, few data are available to characterize their natural history and predict the outcome. AIMS: Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence and predictors of acute cardiac and obstetric events in women with a cardiomyopathy during pregnancy, excluding peripartum cardiomyopathy. METHODS: In this retrospective study in a referral centre for cardiomyopathies, we included 43 consecutive pregnancies in 36 women with dilated, hypertrophic, arrhythmogenic right ventricular or tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy, or left ventricular non-compaction...
October 25, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068108/evaluation-of-sustained-tachyarrhythmia-in-children-younger-than-one-year-of-age
#18
Gulhan Tunca Sahin, Erkut Ozturk, Taner Kasar, Alper Guzeltas, Yakup Ergul
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aim to evaluate the results of non-operational sustained tachyarrhythmias in patients younger than 1 year of age in our center. METHODS: Between November 2010 and November 2016, the demographic characteristics, type and localization of the tachyarrhythmia, echocardiographic findings, and medical and/or ablation therapies applied for patients under 1 year of age who had sustained tachyarrhythmias were evaluated. RESULTS: Among 99 patients, 91 had sustained supraventricular tachycardia, and eight had sustained ventricular tachycardia...
October 25, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060433/ctg-analyzer-a-graphical-user-interface-for-cardiotocography
#19
Agnese Sbrollini, Angela Agostinelli, Luca Burattini, Micaela Morettini, Francesco Di Nardo, Sandro Fioretti, Laura Burattini
Cardiotocography (CTG) is the most commonly used test for establishing the good health of the fetus during pregnancy and labor. CTG consists in the recording of fetal heart rate (FHR; bpm) and maternal uterine contractions (UC; mmHg). FHR is characterized by baseline, baseline variability, tachycardia, bradycardia, acceleration and decelerations. Instead, UC signal is characterized by presence of contractions and contractions period. Such parameters are usually evaluated by visual inspection. However, visual analysis of CTG recordings has a well-demonstrated poor reproducibility, due to the complexity of physiological phenomena affecting fetal heart rhythm and being related to clinician's experience...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037169/left-ventricular-non-compaction-cardiomyopathy-with-coronary-artery-anomaly-complicated-by-ventricular-tachycardia
#20
Gustav Mattsson, Abdullah Baroudi, Hoshmand Tawfiq, Peter Magnusson
BACKGROUND: Non-compaction cardiomyopathy (NCCM) is characterized by prominent trabeculations, deep intertrabecular recesses, and a thick non-compacted endocardial myocardium. Prevalence in the general population remains unclear, but echocardiography series report 0.05%. During fetal development muscle fibers and trabeculae should compact into a solid myocardium and when this fails, NCCM occurs. The condition is genetic, even though acquired forms have been described. Worsening myocardial dysfunction may lead to heart failure and/or arrhythmias...
October 16, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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