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tachycardia fetal

Carla Regina Barbieri Simões, Flávia Gardilin Vassalo, Maria Lúcia Gomes Lourenço, Fabiana Ferreira de Souza, Eunice Oba, Mateus José Sudano, Nereu Carlos Prestes
The objective of the study was to assess clinical alterations, electrocardiographic, hematological, biochemical, hemogasometric, electrolytic, and hormone plasma concentrations in bitches with eutocia and dystocia. Overall, 28 bitches (dystocia, n = 22 and eutocia, n = 6) were assessed. The evaluations were performed at 2 time points, M1 (1 hour prepartum-eutocia group and cesarean or clinical intervention-dystocia group) and M2 (postpartum-eutocia or dystocia group and anesthetic recovery-dystocia group). The main clinical finding was the hypothermia (mean: 36...
December 2016: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Mark Belham, Charlotte Patient, Janet Pickett
The syndrome of inappropriate sinus tachycardia (IST) is a well-described and generally benign condition outside pregnancy. There is, however, little information in the literature about IST during pregnancy and nothing about the likely mechanism in such cases. Equally there is a paucity of information about the effects on maternal and fetal well-being in patients who develop IST during pregnancy. Here, we describe the case of a woman who developed IST for the first time during pregnancy. We have first given a brief clinical summary of events and then follow this with the patient's personal account which she has written herself specifically for this case report...
March 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Bridget B Zoeller
Fetal arrhythmia is a common reason for referral to fetal cardiology. Fetal supraventricular tachycardia can be subdivided into several groups with the most common being re-entrant supraventricular tachycardia and atrial flutter. Fetal tachycardia can lead to hydrops fetalis, which increases the risk of fetal demise, perinatal morbidities, and premature delivery. The diagnosis of fetal tachycardia can be a challenge as a traditional electrocardiogram cannot be completed on a fetus, and other methods must be used by fetal echocardiogram...
January 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Sarala Premkumar, Premkumar Sundararajan, Thangavelu Sangaralingam
INTRODUCTION: The presentation of symptoms of paediatric arrhythmias vary depending on the age and underlying heart disease. Physical examination of children with important arrhythmias may be entirely normal. AIM: Aim is to study the characteristics of cardiac arrhythmias in paediatric patients in a tertiary paediatric care centre in Chennai, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participants (n=60) were from birth to 12 years of age. Patients with sinus arrhythmias, sinus tachycardia and sinus bradycardia were excluded...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ali Ekiz, Basak Kaya, Helen Bornaun, Deniz Kanber Acar, Muhittin Eftal Avci, Aysegul Bestel, Gokhan Yildirim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate utilization, efficacy, and side effects of flecainide treatment as first-line agent in patients with fetal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). METHOD: This retrospective review was conducted on 23 consecutive fetal tachyarrhythmia cases that met inclusion criteria. If the treatment was necessary, then flecainide was used as first-line treatment in all cases. RESULT: Among the study group, there were 21 (91...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
João Paulo Mancusi de Carvalho, Luciano Augusto de Carvalho Severo, Maria Helena Mancusi de Carvalho, Marina de Paula Andres, Mariano Tamura Vieira Gomes, Sergio Podgaec
We report a case of uterine artery rupture in a woman at 14 weeks' gestation who presented with abdominal pain, tachycardia, and hypotension and underwent a diagnostic laparoscopy. During this procedure, a spontaneous rupture of the left uterine artery was diagnosed and the surgery was converted into a laparotomy. The artery was bound to its origin and to its distal uterine portion. The patient exhibited excellent postoperative recovery and was discharged two days after the surgery. The pregnancy continued without other maternal or fetal complications, and the patient delivered a healthy newborn via cesarean section at 39 weeks of gestation...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
V Mendes, C Diguisto, J Poinsot, F Perrotin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Anthony M Vintzileos, John C Smulian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Shankar Sridharan, Ian Sullivan, Viktor Tomek, Joanne Wolfenden, Jan Škovránek, Robert Yates, Jan Janoušek, Troy E Dominguez, Jan Marek
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment for fetal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) with 1:1 atrioventricular relationship is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We compared the effectiveness of transplacental treatment protocols used in 2 centers. METHODS: Pharmacologic treatment was used in 84 fetuses. Maternal oral flecainide was the primary therapy in center 1 (n = 34) and intravenous maternal digoxin in center 2 (n = 50). SVT mechanism was classified by mechanical ventriculoatrial (VA) time intervals as short VA or long VA...
September 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Bettina F Cuneo, Janette F Strasburger, Ronald T Wakai
INTRODUCTION: Fetal magnetocardiography (fMCG), the magnetic analog of ECG, has provided invaluable insight into the mechanisms of fetal arrhythmias. In the past 15years, we have evaluated over 300 fetuses with arrhythmia by fMCG. We review the unique characteristics and natural history of the long QT syndrome (LQTS) rhythms. METHODS: We reviewed the fMCGs of subjects referred with suspected LQTS based on either a positive family history or echo diagnosis of the LQTS rhythms (sinus bradycardia, ventricular tachycardia, or 2:1 AV conduction) to the Biomagnetism laboratory in the Department of Medical Physics, UW-Madison...
November 2016: Journal of Electrocardiology
Antonio F Saad, Luis Monsivais, Luis D Pacheco
BACKGROUND: Despite its seldom occurrence, fetal tachycardia can lead to poor fetal outcomes including hydrops and fetal death. Management can be challenging and result in maternal adverse effects secondary to high serum drug levels required to achieve effective transplacental antiarrhythmic drug therapy. CASE: A 33-year-old woman at 33 weeks of gestation with a diagnosis of a fetal sustained superior ventricular tachycardia developed chest pain, shortness of breath, and bigeminy on electrocardiogram secondary to digoxin toxicity despite subtherapeutic serum drug levels...
July 2016: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
Sarah Crimmins, Sudhir Vashit, Lauren Doyle, Chris Harman, Ozhan Turan, Sifa Turan
A 27-week fetus evaluated for bradycardia and hydrops was found to have anti-SSA-negative 2° atrioventricular block and ventricular tachycardia. A presumptive diagnosis of fetal long QT syndrome was made. Transplacental pharmacotherapy with intravenous magnesium and lidocaine restored sinus rhythm. At 30 6/7 weeks, the infant was delivered due to premature labor. Despite postnatal treatment with mexiletine and propranolol, she developed torsades de pointes. Ultimately, a de novo KCNH2 G628S mutation was diagnosed...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Farhat Ul Ain Ahmed, Afshan Ambreen, Sobia Zubair, Noori Kiran
Torsion of the pregnant uterus, at term, is a very rare event in obstetric practice. It is associated with high perinatal mortality. We are reporting a case of uterine torsion, where a booked second gravida with previous lower segment cesarean section underwent an emergency cesarean section due to severe lower abdominal pain, persistent fetal tachycardia and poor Bishop Score. Following delivery of baby and placenta, uterus untwisted on itself through 180 degrees and it was realized that the incision had been made on the posterior wall of the uterus...
June 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Annette Wacker-Gussmann, Janette F Strasburger, Sharda Srinivasan, Bettina F Cuneo, William Lutter, Ronald T Wakai
BACKGROUND: Atrial flutter (AFl) accounts for up to one third of all fetal tachyarrhythmias and can result in premature delivery, hydrops, and fetal death in 10% of cases; however, the electrophysiology of AFl in utero is virtually unstudied. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this observational study, we reviewed 19 fetal magnetocardiography studies from 16 fetuses: 15 fetuses (21-38 weeks' gestation) referred with an echocardiographic diagnosis of AFl and 1 fetus (20 weeks' gestation) referred with a diagnosis of tachycardia that was shown by fetal magnetocardiography to have transient AFl in addition to atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia...
June 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Malin Holzmann, Stina Wretler, Lennart Nordström
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between increasing time since fetal heart rate (FHR) accelerations, positive (no acceleration) stimulation tests and fetal acidemia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational study of FHR recordings from 1070 laboring women with indication for fetal scalp blood sampling (FBS). FHR traces were scrutinized regarding acceleration at FBS and duration since most recent acceleration. The appraiser was blinded to the FBS result...
October 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
George F Van Hare
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Masomeh Rezaie, Fariba Farhadifar, Susan Mirza Mohammadi Sadegh, Morteza Nayebi
INTRODUCTION: Considering maternal complications, it is preferred to induce labour after 40 weeks. Labour induction is a procedure used to stimulate uterine contractions during pregnancy before the beginning of the labour. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare oral misoprostol with vaginal misoprostol for induction of labour in post-term pregnancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This double blind clinical-trial study was performed on 180 post-term pregnant women who were admitted to the labour ward of Besat Hospital Sanandaj, Iran in 2013-2014...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Carol Burke, Emily G Chin
Chorioamnionitis is a serious complication during labor at term and is associated with adverse neonatal outcome affecting approximately 10% of pregnancies. It is diagnosed clinically or microbiologically or by histopathologic examination of the placenta and umbilical cord. The clinical criteria for chorioamnionitis found in preterm or term women include maternal fever combined with 2 or more findings of maternal tachycardia, fetal tachycardia, leukocytosis, uterine tenderness, and/or malodorous amniotic fluid...
April 2016: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
Abiodun Idowu Adanikin, Jacob Olumuyiwa Awoleke
OBJECTIVES: To determine the basis for the clinical suspicion of foetal distress, the instituted managements and delivery outcome in a tertiary hospital in sub-Saharan Africa with limited capability for advanced foetal monitoring. METHODS: It is a 3-year retrospective analysis of all the obstetrics cases with intrapartum foetal distress. RESULTS: There were 301 cases reviewed. The birth asphyxia incidence rate was 233/1000 live births and the perinatal death rate was 47/1000 live births...
February 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
M Mohta, M Aggarwal, A K Sethi, P Harisinghani, K Guleria
BACKGROUND: Most studies comparing phenylephrine and ephedrine have been conducted during elective caesarean sections in healthy mothers with no fetal compromise. The effect of vasopressors on fetal outcome may differ between healthy and compromised fetuses. There has been little research into the effect of phenylephrine and ephedrine, when used for management of post-spinal hypotension in the presence of potential fetal compromise. METHODS: Healthy women with a singleton pregnancy undergoing emergency caesarean section for fetal compromise under spinal anaesthesia were studied...
August 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
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