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chylous ascites

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884537/-nephrotic-syndrome-complicated-by-chylous-ascites-in-a-girl-of-2%C3%A2-years-and-8%C3%A2-months-old
#1
J R Mabiala Babela, L C Ollandzobo Ikobo, R Loumingou, E R Nika, A Mouko
We report on a case of nephrotic syndrome with focal and segmental hyalinosis complicated by chylous ascites in a girl of 2 years and 8 months old. This pure nephrotic syndrome in its early stage was initially treated with intensive steroid treatment at 2mg/kg/day orally for 2 months, followed by a bolus of methylprednisolone. The persistence of proteinuria meant corticosteroid resistance. Renal biopsy then revealed focal and segmental hyalinosis. A recurrence of the edema-ascites syndrome was associated with macroscopic hematuria...
November 21, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866036/idiopathic-chylous-ascites-simulating-acute-appendicitis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Qurat Ul Ain, Yasir Bashir, Sean Johnston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846453/a-case-report-of-chylous-ascites-after-gastric-bypass-for-morbid-obesity
#3
Esmeralda Capristo, Valerio Spuntarelli, Giorgio Treglia, Vincenzo Arena, Alessandro Giordano, Geltrude Mingrone
INTRODUCTION: We described the case of a highly aggressive antral gastric carcinoma with a scarce symptomatology, in a patient undergone Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) for obesity. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 61 year-old white man in apparent good health, who underwent laparoscopic RYGB for obesity 18 months earlier, with a loss of 30kg, reported a sudden abdominal distension and breath shortness with a weight gain of 5kg in few days. Endoscopy of both upper gastro-intestinal tract and the colon were performed along with CT-scan and positron-emission tomography (PET) CT- scan...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807557/ultrasound-guided-intranodal-lymphangiography-with-ethiodized-oil-to-treat-chylous-ascites
#4
Sho Kitagawa, Wataru Sakai, Takashi Hasegawa
A 70-year-old man presented with abdominal distention and pain. A diagnosis of chylous ascites (CA) was made by abdominal paracentesis. Conservative treatment had failed to control CA; therefore, ultrasound-guided intranodal lymphangiography (UIL) with Lipiodol was performed. No obvious Lipiodol leakage was observed in the follow-up computed tomography; however, the persistent abdominal pain was significantly reduced within a day, and CA was resolved within 3 days. We present successful treatment of CA using UIL with Lipiodol...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778074/chylous-ascites-management-after-pancreatic-surgery
#5
Nicolas Tabchouri, Eric Frampas, Frederic Marques, Claire Blanchard, Adam Jirka, Nicolas Regenet
BACKGROUND: Postoperative chylous ascites (CA) following pancreatic surgery is uncommon. If left untreated, it leads to malnutrition, immunodeficiency and increased postoperative morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to seek out risk factors associated with CA onset and conservative treatment (CT) failure in order to determine better management of CA following pancreatic resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent pancreatic surgery between 2004 and 2014 were reviewed retrospectively...
October 24, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750038/establishment-of-triglyceride-cut-off-values-to-detect-chylous-ascites-and-pleural-effusions
#6
Markus A Thaler, Andreas Bietenbeck, Christoph Schulz, Peter B Luppa
OBJECTIVES: Lipoprotein electrophoresis is the gold standard for the detection of chylous ascites and pleural effusions. It is, however, not suitable as a front-line test and not widely available. Most clinicians must rely solely on the quantitative determination of lipids. The aim of this work was to establish lipid cut-off values for the presence of chylomicrons in pleural and peritoneal fluid. DESIGN AND METHODS: Triglyceride and cholesterol levels from 113 peritoneal and 154 pleural fluid samples investigated for chylomicrons via lipoprotein electrophoresis were considered...
October 14, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741191/chylous-ascites-complicating-modified-radical-hysterectomy-for-placenta-percreta
#7
Heather Miller, Matthew L Anderson, Christopher P Smith, Alireza A Shamshirsaz, Karin A Fox
BACKGROUND: Chylous ascites is defined as the pathologic accumulation of lymphatic fluid within the peritoneal cavity and has been reported to complicate gynecologic surgeries, with an incidence of 0.17-2%. We report a case of chylous ascites after complex surgery for placenta percreta. CASE: A 26-year-old woman underwent cesarean delivery followed by bilateral uterine artery embolization and modified radical hysterectomy at 26 5/7 weeks of gestation for placenta percreta invading the urinary bladder...
October 6, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711097/chylous-ascites-as-a-complication-of-left-sided-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy
#8
Gaurav Pahouja, Kalpit Patel, Daniel J Ricchiuti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to present a case series of the sparsely reported complication of chylous ascites (CA) after left sided robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (RALPN), identify possible risk factors for the development of postoperative CA, and explore current recommendations for identification, management and prevention of CA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients that were treated with a RALPN during a one year time period (August 2012 to August 2013) by one surgeon at our institution was conducted...
October 5, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692778/definition-and-classification-of-chyle-leak-after-pancreatic-operation-a-consensus-statement-by-the-international-study-group-on-pancreatic-surgery
#9
Marc G Besselink, L Bengt van Rijssen, Claudio Bassi, Christos Dervenis, Marco Montorsi, Mustapha Adham, Horacio J Asbun, Maximillian Bockhorn, Oliver Strobel, Markus W Büchler, Olivier R Busch, Richard M Charnley, Kevin C Conlon, Laureano Fernández-Cruz, Abe Fingerhut, Helmut Friess, Jakob R Izbicki, Keith D Lillemoe, John P Neoptolemos, Michael G Sarr, Shailesh V Shrikhande, Robert Sitarz, Charles M Vollmer, Charles J Yeo, Werner Hartwig, Christopher L Wolfgang, Dirk J Gouma
BACKGROUND: Recent literature suggests that chyle leak may complicate up to 10% of pancreatic resections. Treatment depends on its severity, which may include chylous ascites. No international consensus definition or grading system of chyle leak currently is available. METHODS: The International Study Group on Pancreatic Surgery, an international panel of pancreatic surgeons working in well-known, high-volume centers, reviewed the literature and worked together to establish a consensus on the definition and classification of chyle leak after pancreatic operation...
September 28, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670562/chylous-ascites-in-a-neonate-with-hydrops-fetalis
#10
Jenny M Held, Ryan Restrepo, Robert Ricca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667785/successful-laparoscopic-ligation-for-massive-chylous-ascites-after-rectal-cancer-surgery
#11
Yudai Fukui, Junichi Shindoh, Shuichiro Matoba, Kenji Tomizawa, Yutaka Hanaoka, Shigeo Toda, Jin Moriyama, Hiroya Kuroyanagi
A 53-year-old man was readmitted with abdominal distention 2 weeks after undergoing laparoscopic low anterior resection with para-aortic lymphadenectomy for advanced rectal cancer (T4aN1M0, Stage IIIb). Ultrasound revealed massive ascites, and paracentesis revealed chylous fluid with a markedly elevated triglyceride level (1762 mg/dL). Despite conservative management, the fistula remained on postoperative day 120. On percutaneous lymphangiography, the chylous leakage point was clearly visualized at the para-aortic site, and surgical intervention was planned...
September 26, 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553111/chylous-ascites-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery-risk-factors-and-impact-on-short-term-and-long-term-outcomes
#12
Soo Young Lee, Chang Hyun Kim, Young Jin Kim, Hyeong Rok Kim
PURPOSE: Data on the incidence, risk factors, and oncologic impact of chylous ascites after colorectal cancer surgery are scarce. In this study, we aimed to assess the risk factors and the short-term and long-term impact of chylous ascites after colorectal cancer surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 2917 primary colorectal cancer patients who underwent surgical resection between January 2008 and December 2013. The short-term and long-term outcomes were compared between patients with and those without postoperative chylous ascites, and the risk factors for chylous ascites were analyzed...
August 24, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537823/chylous-ascites-after-pedicled-transverse-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-flap-harvest
#13
Chin-Ta Lin, Tim-Mo Chen
Chylous ascites is a rare clinical condition that occurs as a consequence of disruption of the abdominal lymphatics. Here, we present the case of a 58-year-old woman with sustained chylous ascites after pedicled transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap harvest. The chylous ascites did not decrease despite conservative therapy. For the diagnosis and localization of the chyle leakage, lymphangiography with lipiodol delivery was performed. Chylous drainage continued in a decreasing manner for the next 4 d because lipiodol accumulated to the point of leakage outside the lymphatic vessel causing a regional inflammatory reaction and obstructing the lymphatic vessels...
August 18, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502989/sirolimus-therapy-for-patients-with-lymphangioleiomyomatosis-leads-to-loss-of-chylous-ascites-and-circulating-lam-cells
#14
Sergio Harari, Davide Elia, Olga Torre, Elisabetta Bulgheroni, Elena Provasi, Joel Moss
A young woman received a diagnosis of abdominal, sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) and multiple abdominal lymphangioleiomyomas and was referred for recurrent chylous ascites responding only to a fat-free diet. On admission, pulmonary function test (PFT) results showed a moderate reduction in the transfer factor for carbon monoxide with normal exercise performance. The serum vascular endothelial growth factor D (VEGF-D) level was 2,209 pg/mL. DNA sequences, amplified at loci kg8, D16S3395, D16S3024, D16S521, and D16S291 on chromosome 16p13...
August 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486496/chylous-ascites-following-open-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-an-unusual-complication
#15
Georgios Galanopoulos, Theofanis Konstantopoulos, Stavros Theodorou, Ioannis Tsoutsas, Dimitrios Xanthopoulos, Elias Kaperonis, Vassilios Papavassiliou
Chylous ascites is a rare complication after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Accumulation of chyle within the close space of the peritoneal cavity may cause severe discomfort to the patient, complicating the postoperative course. Prompt diagnosis is needed to adopt measures for reducing lymph leakage and contributing to lymphatic fistula closure. Fortunately, conservative treatment is successful in the majority of cases. In the rare cases that do not respond to conservative treatment, surgery becomes mandatory...
April 2016: Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468960/chylous-ascites-associated-with-intestinal-obstruction-from-volvulus-due-to-petersen-s-hernia-report-of-a-case
#16
Yuichi Akama, Tetsuya Shimizu, Itsuo Fujita, Yoshikazu Kanazawa, Daisuke Kakinuma, Hitoshi Kanno, Aya Yamagishi, Hiroki Arai, Eiji Uchida
BACKGROUND: Chylous ascites is an uncommon finding which is usually associated with recent abdominal/oncologic or retroperitoneal surgery. It is not usually seen in cases of acute obstruction. CASE PRESENTATION: A patient who had previously undergone a laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction for early gastric cancer presented with acute abdominal pain and epigastric fullness. Computed tomography suggested small bowel obstruction due to volvulus...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450410/disorders-of-the-lymphatic-system-of-the-abdomen
#17
REVIEW
A R Patil, S Nandikoor, J De Marco, R Bhat, S Shivakumar, G Mallrajapatna
The lymphatic system of the abdomen comprises of the cisterna chyli, its major and minor lymphatic tributaries, and lymph nodes. Disorders of the lymphatic system of the abdomen are rarely encountered and consist of primary and secondary types. Abdominal lymphangiomas constitute the majority and have characteristic imaging features. Complicated lymphangiomas may pose a diagnostic dilemma. Generalised systemic lymphangiomatosis is a rare condition and affects major organs with a poor prognosis. Retroperitoneal lymphangiectasia in the appropriate setting might predict underlying infection, such as filariasis...
October 2016: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440699/parenteral-nutrition-combined-with-rice-soup-can-be-a-safe-and-effective-intervention-for-congenital-chylous-ascites
#18
Yi Cao, Weihui Yan, Lina Lu, Yijing Tao, Wei Lu, Yingwei Chen, Qingya Tang, Wei Cai
Congenital chylous ascites in the neonatal period is a rare entity. Total parenteral nutrition (TPN), medium chain triglyceride (MCT)-based diet, octreotide and repeated paracentesis are regarded as appropriate medical treatment for congenital chylous ascites, and surgery is recommended when conservative therapy has failed. We present two cases in which ascites were confirmed via an abdominal sonogram and diagnostic paracentesis. In our clinical experience, rice soup combined with PN can be a safe and effective intervention...
2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429812/a-case-of-chyloperitoneum-secondary-to-follicular-lymphoma-and-a-review-of-prognostic-implications
#19
Megan Jagosky, Brice Taylor, Stephanie Parks Taylor
Chyloperitoneum, or chylous ascites, is a rare condition characterized by milky-appearing fluid with elevated triglyceride content and the presence of chylomicrons. Malignancy, specifically lymphoma, is reported to be the predominant cause in Western countries. Previously, the prognosis for patients with chyloperitoneum due to lymphoma has been reported as poor. We present a case of chyloperitoneum and chylothorax due to follicular lymphoma with excellent response to bendamustine and Rituxan. A review of the literature indicates that patients with chyloperitoneum associated with lymphoma generally have a favorable response to contemporary treatment regimens...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27410917/chylothorax-in-paracoccidioidomycosis
#20
Flávia Fonseca Fernandes, Victor Oliveira Alves, Tarquino Erastides Gavilanes Sánchez, Wagner Diniz de Paula, Alfredo Nicodemos Cruz Santana
A previously healthy, 52-year-old woman presented with a nine months history of low fever and weight loss (> 30 kg). Physical examination disclosed generalized lymphadenopathy, skin lesions, abdominal distension, mild tachypnea and a left breast mass. Laboratory tests showed anemia; (prerenal) kidney injury, low serum albumin level; and negative serology for HIV and viral hepatitis. Computed tomography (neck/chest/abdomen) showed generalized lymph node enlargement, splenomegaly, pleural effusion and ascites...
July 11, 2016: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
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