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chylous ascites

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313804/endolymphatic-balloon-occluded-retrograde-abdominal-lymphangiography-boral-and-embolization-borale-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-chylous-ascites-technique-and-experience-in-three-patients
#1
Ravi N Srinivasa, Joseph J Gemmete, Matthew L Osher, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick
PURPOSE: To describe endolymphatic balloon-occluded retrograde abdominal lymphangiography (BORAL) and embolization (BORALE) for diagnosis and treatment of chylous ascites in patients with previously unidentifiable leakage site or failed lymphatic embolization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two (66%) men and one (33%) woman with mean age of 52 years (range: range: 14-79 years) presented with chylous ascites and underwent BORAL or BORALE between March 2016 and February 2017...
December 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298971/an-autopsy-case-of-mesenteric-panniculitis-with-massive-pleural-effusions
#2
Hiroshi Kobayashi, Kenji Notohara, Tadashi Otsuka, Yuka Kobayashi, Masuo Ujita, Yuuki Yoshioka, Naomasa Suzuki, Ryuji Aoyagi, Riuko Ohashi, Toshimitsu Suzuki
BACKGROUND Mesenteric panniculitis (MP) is an idiopathic chronic inflammatory condition of the mesentery. The main symptoms include abdominal pain, abdominal distention, weight loss, fever, nausea, and vomiting. The patients also present with chylous ascites in 14% of the cases and chylous pleural effusion (CPE) in very rare occasions. Despite the previous view of excellent prognosis of MP, two recent papers reported several fatal cases. However, there are still only a few autopsy case reports that describe the macroscopic and histological details of MP cases...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238869/lymphangiography-and-lymphatic-embolization-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-chylous-ascites
#3
Gregory J Nadolski, Nikunj R Chauhan, Maxim Itkin
PURPOSE: Assess the effectiveness of conventional lymphangiography, MR lymphangiography, and lymphatic embolization for the diagnosis and treatment of refractory chylous ascites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 31 patients (M/F:16/15, average age 52) who presented for the management of refractory chylous ascites was conducted to assess the diagnostic value of conventional and MR lymphangiography and outcome of lymphatic embolization. RESULTS: Of the total 31 patients, 25 presented with chylous ascites secondary to iatrogenic trauma and six patients with a non-traumatic etiology...
December 13, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217440/endolymphatic-balloon-occluded-retrograde-abdominal-lymphangiography-boral-and-embolization-borale-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-chylous-ascites-technique-and-experience-in-three-patients
#4
Ravi N Srinivasa, Joseph J Gemmete, Matthew L Osher, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick
PURPOSE: To describe endolymphatic balloon-occluded retrograde abdominal lymphangiography (BORAL) and embolization (BORALE) for diagnosis and treatment of chylous ascites in patients with previously unidentifiable leakage site or failed lymphatic embolization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two (66%) men and one (33%) woman with mean age of 52 years (range: range: 14-79 years) presented with chylous ascites and underwent BORAL or BORALE between March 2016 and February 2017...
December 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215949/laparoscopic-retroperitoneal-lymph-node-dissection-as-a-safe-procedure-for-postchemotherapy-residual-mass-in-testicular-cancer
#5
Eliney Ferreira Faria, Hugo Silva Neves, Breno Dauster, Roberto Dias Machado, Wesley Justino Magnabosco, Roberto Lodeiro Muller, Alexandre César Santos, Marcos Tobias-Machado
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the feasibility, clinical and perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (L-RPLND) in the management of patients with germ cell tumors (GCT) and residual post-chemotherapy mass. METHODS: We report our experience of 25 patients treated with L-RPLND between 2008 and 2015. All 25 patients were diagnosed with GCT by primary pathological evaluation of the specimens after orchiectomy. All patients received cisplatin-based chemotherapy...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210819/chylous-ascites-after-laparoscopic-low-anterior-colorectal-resection-for-rectosigmoid-carcinoma-a-case-report-and-a-literature-review
#6
Dimitris P Korkolis, Maria Kapritsou, Ioannis Passas, Maria Kalafati, Theodoros Katsoulas, Evangelos A Konstantinou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118687/renoportal-anastomosis-in-left-lateral-lobe-living-donor-liver-transplantation-a-pediatric-case
#7
Hiroyuki Ogasawara, Chikashi Nakanishi, Shigehito Miyagi, Kazuaki Tokodai, Yasuyuki Hara, Wataru Nakanishi, Koji Miyazawa, Kenji Shimizu, Hiroyuki Kumata, Hitoshi Goto, Masafumi Goto, Michiaki Unno, Takashi Kamei
In adult liver transplantation, renoportal anastomosis (RPA) has been introduced as a useful technique for patients with grade 4 portal vein thrombosis and a splenorenal shunt. Here, we report a pediatric case in which RPA allowed a left lateral lobe living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) despite portal vein thrombosis and a large splenorenal shunt. At 36 days old, the patient underwent a Kasai operation for biliary atresia. At 17 months old, she underwent LDLT because of repetitive cholangitis. Pretransplant examinations revealed a large splenorenal shunt and portal vein thrombosis...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108520/a-proposed-classification-system-and-therapeutic-strategy-for-chyle-leak-after-laparoscopic-living-donor-nephrectomy-a-single-center-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Zi Qin Ng, Bulang He
OBJECTIVES: Chyle leak or chylous ascites remains a rare complication after laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy. Its cause and management have not been well elucidated in the literature. Thus, the aim of this study was to review the incidence of chyle leak/chylous ascites after laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy in our institute and in the literature to propose a classification system with its associated treatment strategy. MATERILAS AND METHODS: In this retrospective review of laparoscopic living-donor nephrectomy patients from January 2005 to April 2016, we identified patients with chyle leak/chylous ascites along with the care performed...
October 31, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090239/retroperitoneal-fibrosis-as-a-cause-of-chylous-ascites
#9
Adnan Ur Rahman, Rajeswari Ramaraj, Emyr Humphreys, Elizabeth Slowinska
Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a rare condition characterized by chronic inflammation and marked fibrosis of the retroperitoneal tissue, often leading to entrapment of abdominal organs. We report a 69-year-old white man who presented with a 5-week history of gradual onset of progressive abdominal distension. He had no history or risk factors for an underlying liver condition. Ascites and a retroperitoneal mass encasing the major abdominal vessels were revealed on imaging. Biopsies of the mass confirmed the presence of retroperitoneal fibrosis, and the ascitic fluid was milky, consistent with chylous ascites...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067509/transvenous-retrograde-thoracic-ductography-initial-experience-with-13-consecutive-cases
#10
Shuji Kariya, Miyuki Nakatani, Yutaka Ueno, Asami Yoshida, Yasuyuki Ono, Takuji Maruyama, Atsushi Komemushi, Noboru Tanigawa
PURPOSE: To report the feasibility and findings of transvenous retrograde thoracic duct cannulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects were 13 patients who had undergone retrograde transvenous thoracic ductography. Despite conservative treatment, all required drainage for chylothorax, chylous ascites, or a chylous pericardial effusion. Lymphangiography was performed, and the junction of the thoracic duct with the vein was identified. A microcatheter was inserted into the thoracic duct retrogradely via the junction with the vein...
October 24, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054902/chylous-ascites-in-a-patient-with-an-overlap-syndrome-a-surprising-response-to-rituximab
#11
Alexandra Daniel, Gianluca Bagnato, Edward Vital, Francesco Del Galdo
The authors present a case of a 51-year-old woman with clinical diagnosis of mixed connective tissue disease and overlap systemic lupus erythematosus features, with a 6-month history of progressive painless abdominal distension. On examination, evident signs of ascites were present. Both the abdominal-pelvic ultrasound and CT scan confirmed a large amount of ascites. A diagnostic paracentesis was performed, which revealed typical features of chylous ascites (CA). An extensive diagnostic work-up led by a multidisciplinary team was performed, excluding malignancy, cirrhosis, infectious, as well as cardiac and primary lymphatic causes...
October 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052575/chylous-ascites-and-chylothorax-caused-by-constrictive-pericarditis
#12
Guo-Can Yu, Xu-Dong Xu, Fang-Ming Zhong, Gang Chen, Da Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046075/portal-hypertension-and-chylous-ascites-complicating-acute-pancreatitis-the-therapeutic-value-of-portal-vein-stenting
#13
S Poo, T D Pencavel, J Jackson, L R Jiao
Chylous ascites as a consequence of acute pancreatitis is very rare. We present an unusual case of a 73-year-old man who developed refractory chylous ascites one month after an acute severe episode of gallstone pancreatitis, associated with portal hypertension. He was successfully treated with portal vein stenting, which has remained patent to date.
January 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021448/additional-octreotide-therapy-to-sirolimus-achieved-a-decrease-in-sirolimus-refractory-chylous-effusion-complicated-with-lymphangioleiomyomatosis
#14
Masashi Namba, Takeshi Masuda, Takashi Nakamura, Yasushi Horimasu, Shintaro Miyamoto, Taku Nakashima, Hiroshi Iwamoto, Kazunori Fujitaka, Hironobu Hamada, Noboru Hattori
Recently, sirolimus, an inhibitor of mammalian target of rapamycin, was reported to decrease chylous effusion in patients with lymphangioleimyomatosis (LAM). We herein report a case of a 34-year-old woman with LAM who developed refractory chylothorax and chylous ascites during sirolimus therapy. In this case, to reduce chylous effusion, we administered octreotide, which is often used to control postoperative chylous effusion, in addition to the sirolimus therapy. This combination therapy reduced the chylothorax and chylous ascites...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019760/mr-lymphangiography-in-children-technique-and-potential-applications
#15
Govind B Chavhan, Joao G Amaral, Michael Temple, Maxim Itkin
The lymphatic system, an important component of the circulatory system with essential physiologic functions, can be affected by various disease processes. There has been a delay in the development of effective imaging methods for the lymphatic system due to its small size, which limits visualization as well as introduction of contrast material. Traditionally, the lymphatic system has been imaged by injecting contrast material or radiotracers into the feet or hands. This is not sufficient for assessment of the central conducting lymphatics (CCLs) (such as the thoracic duct or the cisterna chyli)...
October 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978181/a-review-of-the-postoperative-lymphatic-leakage
#16
REVIEW
Shulan Lv, Qing Wang, Wanqiu Zhao, Lu Han, Qi Wang, Nasra Batchu, Qurat Ulain, Junkai Zou, Chao Sun, Jiang Du, Qing Song, Qiling Li
Lymphatic complications are rare, but well-known phenomena, and have been described by many researchers. However, many diagnoses of lymphatic complications are found confusing due to different definition. A literature search in Pubmed was performed for studies postoperative lympatic complications. These complications divided into two parts: lymphatic leakage and lymphatic stasis. This review is about lymphatic leakage, especially, postoperative lymphatic leakage due to the injury of lymphatic channels in surgical procedures...
September 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956103/pediatric-lymphangiography-thoracic-duct-embolization-and-thoracic-duct-disruption-a-single-institution-experience-in-11-children-with-chylothorax
#17
Bill S Majdalany, Wael A Saad, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Minhaj S Khaja, Kyle J Cooper, Ravi N Srinivasa
BACKGROUND: Interventional radiology treatment of chylothorax is well described in adults, with high technical and clinical success that decreases patient morbidity and mortality. However there is limited experience in children. OBJECTIVE: To report the technical and clinical success of lymphangiography, thoracic duct embolization and thoracic duct disruption in the pediatric population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 11 pediatric patients (7 boys, 4 girls; median weight 6...
September 28, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892178/review-article-the-diagnostic-approach-and-current-management-of-chylous-ascites
#18
REVIEW
B Lizaola, A Bonder, H D Trivedi, E B Tapper, A Cardenas
BACKGROUND: Chylous ascites is rare, accounting for less than 1% of cases. An appropriate and stepwise approach to its diagnosis and management is of key importance. AIM: To review the current diagnostic approach and management of chylous ascites. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed using the key words 'chylous', 'ascites', 'cirrhosis', 'pathophysiology', 'nutritional therapy', 'paracentesis", "transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt" and "TIPSS'...
November 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881191/a-rare-case-of-chylous-ascites
#19
Jérôme Razanamahery, Anthony Jacquier, Sébastien Humbert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826568/acute-hyperlipidemic-pancreatitis-accompanied-by-chylous-ascites-with-normal-amylase-and-lipase-in-pregnancy
#20
Li Yang, Zhiguo Zhao, Kaiming Zhou, Yuling Zhang
Normal serum amylase is uncommon even in acute hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis (HTGAP). However, normal serum lipase and amylase activity in HTGAP with chylous ascites is exceptionally rare. We report a pregnant woman with HTGAP and chylous ascites that were misdiagnosed. She showed acute abdominal pain and significant systemic inflammatory response, but her serum amylase and lipase levels failed to increase, although ultrasonic imaging finding of the pancreas was normal. Early clinical recognition of chylomicronemia helps clinicians diagnose HTGAP rapidly during pregnancy...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
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