keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cotrimoxazole

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724376/sonication-contribution-to-identifying-prosthetic-joint-infection-with-ralstonia-pickettii-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Rares Mircea Birlutiu, Mihai Dan Roman, Razvan Silviu Cismasiu, Sorin Radu Fleaca, Crina Maria Popa, Manuela Mihalache, Victoria Birlutiu
BACKGROUND: In the context of an increase number of primary and revision total hip and total knee arthroplasty performed yearly, an increased risk of complication is expected. Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains the most common and feared arthroplasty complication. Ralstonia pickettii is a Gram-negative bacterium, that has also been identified in biofilms. It remains an extremely rare cause of PJI. There is no report of an identification of R. pickettii on an extracted spacer loaded with antibiotic...
July 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717308/prevalence-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-skin-and-nasal-carriage-isolates-from-bovines-and-its-antibiogram
#2
Alok Kumar, Purushottam Kaushik, Anjay, Pankaj Kumar, Manoj Kumar
AIM: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in cattle and buffalo and to study their antibiotic resistance pattern. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 136 samples (skin and nasal swab) from cattle and buffalo were collected. MRSA was identified by conventional bacterial culture techniques which were further confirmed by amplification of S. aureus-specific 16S rRNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
June 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716481/-disseminated-nocardiosis-caused-by-nocardia-nova-with-brain-abscesses-and-osteomyelitis-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#3
P-L Conan, C Ficko, F Charton, O Bylicki, H Le Floch, J Margery, F Rivière
INTRODUCTION: Nocardia is an opportunist bacteria involved in patients with cellular immunodepression or chronic lung disease. The most frequent portals of entry are the respiratory tract by inhalation or direct inoculation through a cutaneous effraction. Nocardiosis may be localised or disseminated. CASE REPORT: We report a rare case of disseminated nocardiosis to Nocardia nova with pulmonary, cutaneous, cerebral attacks and femoral osteomyelitis. The diagnosis was confirmed by prolonged cultures of the bronchoalveolar fluid and the pus extracted from a cutaneous lesion...
July 14, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714488/nasal-carriage-rate-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-among-health-care-workers-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-kathmandu-nepal
#4
S Khatri, N D Pant, R Bhandari, K L Shrestha, C D Shrestha, N Adhikari, A Poudel
BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most common causes of nosocomial infections. Due to its multidrug resistant nature; infections due to Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus are often very difficult to treat. Colonized health care workers are the important sources of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. The objectives of this study were to determine the nasal carriage rate of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among health care workers at Kathmandu Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Nepal and to assess their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns...
January 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712173/surgical-site-infection-in-orthopaedic-implants-and-its-common-bacteria-with-their-sensitivities-to-antibiotics-in-open-reduction-internal-fixation
#5
Muhammad Qaisar Shah, Muhammad Shoib Zardad, Alamzeb Khan, Sajjad Ahmed, Abdus Saboor Awan, Taj Mohammad
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection in orthopaedic implants is a major problem, causing long hospital stay, cost to the patient and is a burden on health care facilities. It increases rate of nonunion, osteomyelitis, implant failure, sepsis, multiorgan dysfunction and even death. Surgical site infection is defined as pain, erythema, swelling and discharge from wound site. Surgical site infection in orthopaedic implants is more challenging to the treating orthopaedic surgeon as the causative organism is protected by a biofilm over the implant's surface...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706393/cotrimoxazole-a-wonder-drug-in-the-era-of-multiresistance-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#6
Priyam Batra, Vishant Deo, Purva Mathur, Amit Kumar Gupta
Antimicrobial resistance is one of the greatest threats to human health worldwide. The rate of development of newer antibiotics is much slower than the rate of development of antibiotic resistance. A survey reported that it takes 15 years and US$800 million (including preclinical and clinical costs) to bring a single drug to the market, whereas the reuse of the older drugs for antimicrobial use takes $17 million, thereby circumventing 40% of the overall cost. The first case is a patient with nosocomial pyrexia of unknown origin who was given treatment with tigecycline and cefepime/tazobactam but failed to respond to the same...
July 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702198/paenibacillus-spp-isolated-from-human-and-environmental-samples-in-spain-detection-of-11-new-species
#7
J A Sáez-Nieto, M J Medina-Pascual, G Carrasco, N Garrido, M A Fernandez-Torres, P Villalón, S Valdezate
One hundred thirty-six isolates, 88 human and 48 environmental, that met the requirements to belong to the genus Paenibacillus were identified using a polyphasic taxonomic approach known as 16S rRNA plus phenotypic traits. Thirty-seven Paenibacillus species were identified; some had not been previously reported from clinical samples. The main species were P. pabuli (13 isolates), P. provencensis (11), P. phoenicis (9) and P. lautus (8). P. pabuli (11/13) and P. provencensis (8/11) were mainly environmental isolates, while P...
September 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685846/description-of-late-onset-neutropenia-in-indolent-lymphoma-patients-treated-with-bendamustine-plus-rituximab
#8
B Verriere, L Gastaud, E Chamorey, F Peyrade, E Deletie, K Bouredji, D Quinsat, R Schiappa, A Thyss, D Re
Bendamustine (B) associated with rituximab (R) is widely described in literature for the management of patients with chronic lymphoid leukaemia (CLL) and indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Safety data regarding late hematotoxicity such as late onset neutropenia (LON) are scarce. The aim of our study was to assess the incidence and to identify risk factors for LON in patients with indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma and CLL treated with B and R (B-R). One hundred forty five patients were treated with B-R as first or second line...
July 7, 2017: Hematological Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683780/bacterial-agents-and-antibiotic-resistance-profiles-of-infections-from-different-sites-that-occurred-among-patients-at-debre-markos-referral-hospital-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Wondemagegn Mulu, Bayeh Abera, Mulat Yimer, Tadesse Hailu, Haimanot Ayele, Dereje Abate
BACKGROUND: In developing countries like Ethiopia, infections with antibiotic resistant bacteria become a real threat. Hence, monitoring of local level antimicrobial resistance profile is indispensable to contain the spread of drug resistant bacteria and intervene poor awareness on antimicrobial resistance. Therefore, this study aimed at determining bacterial and antibiotic resistance profiles of infections from different sites that occurred among patients. METHODS: Retrospective data recorded were analyzed on culture and drug susceptibility test results at Debre Markos Referral Hospital which were performed from 2011 to 2014...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676846/inactivation-of-the-thymidylate-synthase-thya-in-non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae-modulates-antibiotic-resistance-and-has-a-strong-impact-on-its-interplay-with-the-host-airways
#10
Irene Rodríguez-Arce, Sara Martí, Begoña Euba, Ariadna Fernández-Calvet, Javier Moleres, Nahikari López-López, Montserrat Barberán, José Ramos-Vivas, Fe Tubau, Carmen Losa, Carmen Ardanuy, José Leiva, José E Yuste, Junkal Garmendia
Antibacterial treatment with cotrimoxazol (TxS), a combination of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole, generates resistance by, among others, acquisition of thymidine auxotrophy associated with mutations in the thymidylate synthase gene thyA, which can modify the biology of infection. The opportunistic pathogen non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is frequently encountered in the lower airways of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, and associated with acute exacerbation of COPD symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674316/vibrio-cholerae-o1-ogawa-strains-carrying-the-ctxb7-allele-caused-large-cholera-outbreak-during-2014-in-the-tribal-areas-of-odisha-india
#11
Bibhuti Bhusan Pal, Hemant Kumar Khuntia, Smruti Ranjan Nayak, Anima Mohanty, Bhagyalaxmi Biswal
The large outbreak of cholera reported during July to Sept, 2014 in Narla block of Kalahandi district was investigated to find out the causative organism. The rectal swabs collected from diarrhoea patients and environmental water samples were sub-cultured following standard techniques. The causative organism was V.cholerae O1 Ogawa biotype El Tor while DMAMA-PCR assay confirmed that all strains were ctxB7 of Haitian variants V.cholerae O1. The water samples were negative for V. cholerae .The V.cholerae O1 strains were sensitive to tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin, doxycycline, azithromycin,; but were resistant to erythromycin, gentamicin, chloramphenicol, furazolidone, neomycine, cotrimoxazole, nalidixic acid and ampicilin...
July 1, 2017: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655678/prevalence-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-phenotypes-in-enterobacteria-isolated-from-blood-cultures-of-patients-at-admission-to-the-university-hospital-of-bamako
#12
S A Sangaré, A I Maïga, A Maïga, S Diallo, N Camara, S Savadogo, I Guindo, F Bougoudogo, L Armand-Lefèvre, A Andremont, I I Maïga
The aim of our study was to determine the frequency of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) phenotypes among the enterobacteria present in blood cultures of patients at admission to two university hospitals of Bamako (Mali). During a period of three months, we isolated enterobacteria from blood cultures from patients upon admission to the Point G and Gabriel Toure University Hospitals. The ESBL-positive enterobacteria were initially identified by API 20E strips and VITEK(®)2 and then confirmed in France by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry at the Bichat Hospital bacteriology laboratory...
June 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653454/effect-of-cotrimoxazole-prophylaxis-on-malaria-occurrence-among-hiv-infected-adults-in-west-africa-the-malhiv-study
#13
Serge P Eholié, Frédéric N Ello, Patrick A Coffie, Arsène Héma, Daouda K Minta, Adrien Sawadogo
INTRODUCTION: Cotrimoxazole (CTX) should be given to all HIV-infected adults with mild or severe HIV disease or those with CD4 counts below 350/mm(3) according to 2006 WHO guidelines. We assessed the impact of CTX prophylaxis on the risk of malaria episodes in HIV-1 infected adults from four West African countries with different patterns of malaria transmission. METHOD: Multicentric cohort study, conducted between September 2007 and March 2010 in four West African cities...
June 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649366/pneumocystis-jirovecii-detection-in-asymptomatic-patients-what-does-its-natural-history-tell-us
#14
REVIEW
Alexandre Alanio, Stéphane Bretagne
Pneumocystis jirovecii is an unusual ascomycetous fungus that can be detected in the lungs of healthy individuals. Transmission from human to human is one of its main characteristics in comparison with other fungi responsible for invasive infections. P. jirovecii is transmitted through the air between healthy individuals, who are considered to be the natural reservoir, at least transiently. In immunocompromised patients, P. jirovecii multiplies, leading to subacute infections and acute life-threatening pneumonia, called Pneumocystis pneumonia [PCP]...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649083/report-prevalence-of-hospital-acquired-burkholderia-cepacia-infection-and-its-antimicrobial-susceptibility-in-a-chinese-hospital
#15
Jinju Duan, Jianbang Kang, Ting Han, Yuqin Ma, Qian Guo, Yan Song, Qiang Zhao, Yan Yang, Ruiqin Zhang
This study aimed to investigate antimicrobial susceptibility of hospital acquired Burkholderia cepacia infection in Shanxi (China) during August 2009 and December 2012. To characterize an emerging nocosomial infection. The medical records of 112 patients that were tested positive for B. cepacia were retrospectively analyzed. The K-B disk diffusion method was used to determine the drug susceptibility of the isolated strains. A hundred and fifty strains of B. cepacia were isolated from 112 patients. The sensitivity rates of B...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640661/attrition-from-antiretroviral-treatment-services-among-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-patients-following-adoption-of-option-b-in-haiti
#16
Jean Wysler Domercant, Nancy Puttkammer, Paul Young, Krista Yuhas, Kesner François, Reynold Grand'Pierre, David Lowrance, Michelle Adler
BACKGROUND: Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) has expanded in Haiti because of the adoption of Option B+ and the revision of treatment guidelines. Retention in care and treatment varies greatly and few studies have examined retention rates, particularly among women enrolled in Option B+. OBJECTIVE: To assess attrition among pregnant and non-pregnant patients initiating ART following adoption of Option B+ in Haiti. METHODS: Longitudinal data of adult patients initiated on ART from October 2012 through August 2014 at 73 health facilities across Haiti were analyzed using a survival analysis framework to determine levels of attrition...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631121/-prudent-use-of-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-prevention-of-increasing-antibiotic-resistance
#17
REVIEW
C Hein, A Pilatz, F M E Wagenlehner
BACKGROUND: The use of peri-operative antimicrobial prophylaxis during urological procedures to prevent postoperative complications is very common. OBJECTIVES: What kind of recommendations for reasonable use of peri-operative antimicrobial prophylaxis during urological procedures to prevent increasing antibiotic resistance and postoperative complications exist? METHODS: Review of evidence-based recommendations from literature and current Guidelines of the EAU...
June 19, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612303/additive-proarrhythmic-effect-of-combined-treatment-with-qt-prolonging-agents
#18
Gerrit Frommeyer, Christina Fischer, Christian Ellermann, Dirk G Dechering, Simon Kochhäuser, Philipp S Lange, Kristina Wasmer, Michael Fehr, Lars Eckardt
Drug combinations may elevate the risk of proarrhythmia. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether combinations of non-cardiovascular agents induce an additive increase in the proarrhythmic risk. In 12 female rabbit hearts, a drug combination of cotrimoxazole (300 µM), ondansetron (5 µM) and domperidone (1 µM) was infused after obtaining baseline data. In another 13 hearts, a combination of cotrimoxazole (300 µM), ondansetron (5 µM) and erythromycin (300 µM) was infused. Monophasic action potentials and ECG displayed a significant QT prolongation in all groups...
June 13, 2017: Cardiovascular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598310/in-vitro-activities-of-vancomycin-and-linezolid-against-biofilm-producing-methicillin-resistant-staphylococci-species-isolated-from-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-from-an-egyptian-tertiary-hospital
#19
Asmaa A Hashem, Noha M Abd El Fadeal, Atef S Shehata
PURPOSE: Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) are among the most common hospital-acquired infections. We aimed to survey methicillin resistance, biofilm production and susceptibility to vancomycin, linezolid and other antibiotics for staphylococci isolated from CRBSIs. METHODOLOGY: Fifty-eight isolates [20 S. aureus and 38 coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS; 20 Staphylococcusepidermidis, nine Staphylococcushaemolyticus, three Staphylococcusschleiferi, two Staphylococcuswarneri and four Staphylococcuslugdunensis)] were tested for methicillin resistance by cefoxitin disk diffusion and detection of the mecA gene by PCR; biofilm-forming ability using Congo red agar and tissue culture plate methods; susceptibility to ciprofloxacin, clindamycin, cotrimoxazole, erythromycin, gentamicin, linezolid, rifampicin and tetracycline; and MIC determination for vancomycin...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590238/what-were-the-risk-factors-and-trends-in-antimicrobial-resistance-for-enteric-fever-in-london-2005-2012
#20
Jayshree Dave, Fiona Warburton, Joanne Freedman, Elizabeth de Pinna, Kathie Grant, Armine Sefton, Emma Crawley-Boevey, Gauri Godbole, Richard Holliman, Sooria Balasegaram
PURPOSE: A study was undertaken to determine the risk factors and trends in antimicrobial resistance for enteric fever. METHODOLOGY: Demographic, antimicrobial susceptibility, typing and epidemiological data were examined for 2005-2012 in patients with enteric fever in London. Single and multivariable logistic regression was used to determine the risk factors associated with antibiotic resistance. RESULTS: 453 cases with Salmonella enterica subsp...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
keyword
keyword
53656
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"