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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145505/spontaneous-development-of-epstein-barr-virus-associated-human-lymphomas-in-a-prostate-cancer-xenograft-program
#1
Alberto J Taurozzi, Ramprakash Beekharry, Michelle Wantoch, Marie-Christine Labarthe, Hannah F Walker, Robert I Seed, Matthew Simms, Greta Rodrigues, James Bradford, Geertje van der Horst, Gabri van der Pluijm, Anne T Collins
Prostate cancer research is hampered by the lack of in vivo preclinical models that accurately reflect patient tumour biology and the clinical heterogeneity of human prostate cancer. To overcome these limitations we propagated and characterised a new collection of patient-derived prostate cancer xenografts. Tumour fragments from 147 unsupervised, surgical prostate samples were implanted subcutaneously into immunodeficient Rag2-/-γC-/- mice within 24 hours of surgery. Histologic and molecular characterisation of xenografts was compared with patient characteristics, including androgen-deprivation therapy, and exome sequencing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128221/short-communication-genetic-association-of-variations-in-the-osteopontin-gene-spp1-with-lactation-persistency-in-dairy-cattle
#2
Nathalie Bissonnette
Improving lactation persistency (LP) in dairy cattle has a beneficial effect on animal health and fertility and herd productivity. A complex trait, LP not only reflects the cow's ability to maintain milk secretion activity after the lactation peak but is also a function of the postcalving development of the mammary gland and, later on, of tissue remodeling as lactation declines. This decline is a consequence of an imbalance between cell proliferation and cell removal. In a previous study, single nucleotide polymorphisms were identified in the osteopontin (OPN) gene, SPP1...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128025/posttransplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder-in-solid-organ-and-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#3
REVIEW
Sarah J Nagle, Ran Reshef, Donald E Tsai
Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) represent an immunosuppression-related lymphoid or plasmacytic proliferation that occur in the setting of solid organ transplant or allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). PTLD is a devastating consequence of HSCT and solid organ transplantation with a high morbidity and mortality. Most commonly, PTLD is related to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, but an increasing number of non-EBV-related cases are occurring. Initial therapy involves withdrawal of immunosuppression with or without antibody or cytotoxic chemotherapy...
December 2017: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119120/computer-aided-design-of-an-epitope-based-vaccine-against-epstein-barr-virus
#4
Julio Alonso-Padilla, Esther M Lafuente, Pedro A Reche
Epstein-Barr virus is a very common human virus that infects 90% of human adults. EBV replicates in epithelial and B cells and causes infectious mononucleosis. EBV infection is also linked to various cancers, including Burkitt's lymphoma and nasopharyngeal carcinomas, and autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis. Currently, there are no effective drugs or vaccines to treat or prevent EBV infection. Herein, we applied a computer-aided strategy to design a prophylactic epitope vaccine ensemble from experimentally defined T and B cell epitopes...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116076/the-effect-of-genetic-variation-on-promoter-usage-and-enhancer-activity
#5
Marco Garieri, Olivier Delaneau, Federico Santoni, Richard J Fish, David Mull, Piero Carninci, Emmanouil T Dermitzakis, Stylianos E Antonarakis, Alexandre Fort
The identification of genetic variants affecting gene expression, namely expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs), has contributed to the understanding of mechanisms underlying human traits and diseases. The majority of these variants map in non-coding regulatory regions of the genome and their identification remains challenging. Here, we use natural genetic variation and CAGE transcriptomes from 154 EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines, derived from unrelated individuals, to map 5376 and 110 regulatory variants associated with promoter usage (puQTLs) and enhancer activity (eaQTLs), respectively...
November 7, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112013/cancer-therapy-associated-lymphoproliferative-disorders-an-under-recognized-type-of-immunodeficiency-associated-lymphoproliferative-disorder
#6
Sergio Pina-Oviedo, Roberto N Miranda, L Jeffrey Medeiros
We describe the clinicopathologic features of 17 patients who had a hematologic malignancy of various types, were treated, and subsequently developed a lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD). There were 10 men and 7 women with a median age of 59 years (range, 36 to 83 y). The primary hematologic neoplasms included: 5 chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma, 3 plasma cell myeloma, 2 acute monoblastic leukemia, and 1 case each of mixed-phenotype acute leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, splenic marginal zone lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia, and peripheral T-cell lymphoma...
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097495/ebv-associated-primary-nodal-t-nk-cell-lymphoma-shows-distinct-molecular-signature-and-copy-number-changes
#7
Siok-Bian Ng, Tae-Hoon Chung, Seiichi Kato, Shigeo Nakamura, Emiko Takahashi, Young-Hyeh Ko, Joseph D Khoury, C Cameron Yin, Richie Soong, Anand D Jeyasekharan, Michal Marek Hoppe, Viknesvaran Selvarajan, Soo-Yong Tan, Soon-Thye Lim, Choon-Kiat Ong, Maarja-Liisa Nairismägi, Priyanka Maheshwari, Shoa-Nian Choo, Shuangyi Fan, Chi-Kuen Lee, Shih-Sung Chuang, Wee-Joo Chng
The molecular biology of primary nodal T- and NK-cell lymphoma and its relationsihp with extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type is poorly understood. In this study, we assessed the relationship between nodal and extranodal EBV-positive T/NK-cell lymphomas using gene expression profiling and copy number aberration analyses. We performed GEP and CNA analysis on 66 cases of EBV-associated T/NK-cell lymphoma from nodal and extranodal sites, and correlated the molecular signatures with clinicopathologic features...
November 2, 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096390/epstein-barr-virus-dna-load-kinetics-analysis-in-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipients-is-it-of-any-clinical-usefulness
#8
Carlos Solano, Eva María Mateo, Ariadna Pérez, Alberto Talaya, María José Terol, Eliseo Albert, Estela Giménez, Víctor Vinuesa, José Luis Piñana, Juan Carlos Hernández Boluda, David Navarro
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of clinical information regarding the usefulness of plasma Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA load kinetics analyses in the management of EBV infections in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) recipients. Namely, it remains unknown whether this type of analysis can help physicians to anticipate the development of high-level EBV DNAemia episodes requiring rituximab treatment or predict the risk of recurrent EBV DNAemia or post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084205/the-kinetics-of-torque-teno-virus-plasma-dna-load-shortly-after-engraftment-predicts-the-risk-of-high-level-cmv-dnaemia-in-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipients
#9
E Albert, C Solano, E Giménez, D Focosi, A Pérez, L Macera, J L Piñana, J C H Boluda, F Maggi, D Navarro
Monitoring Torque teno virus (TTV) DNA load helps to estimate the risk of opportunistic infections in solid organ transplant recipients. We investigated whether the early kinetic pattern of plasma TTV DNA load after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) associates with subsequent CMV and EBV DNAemia. This study included 71 allo-HSCT patients. We found that the area under the curve (AUC) for log10 TTV DNA loads quantified by days 20 and 30 after transplantation (TTV DNA load AUC20-30), was significantly lower (P=0...
October 30, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084057/evaluation-of-pd1-pdl1-expression-and-their-clinicopathologic-association-in-ebv-associated-lymphoproliferative-disorders-in-nonimmunosuppressed-patients
#10
Ling Guo, Juraj Bodo, Lisa Durkin, Eric D Hsi
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD)/lymphomas in nonimmunosuppressed patients represent a unique entity and have been proposed to be related to immune senescence. Engagement of programmed cell death 1 (PD1) by its ligand programmed death ligand 1 (PDL1) inhibits T-cell activation, and leads to T-cell exhaustion. In clinical trials, therapeutic antibodies that block the PD1-PDL1 axis have shown promising therapeutic activity in certain types of lymphomas. Although PD1/PDL1 has been extensively studied in variety of lymphomas, there are few reports characterizing their expression in EBV-positive LPD...
October 27, 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081150/-clinical-features-of-mononucleosis-because-of-epstein-barr-virus-and-cytomegalovirus-co-infection-in-adult-patients
#11
L Li, F Lin, Y Jia, J J Liang, J Xu
Objective: To identify the clinical features of mononucleosis caused by co-infection of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) in adult patients. Methods: A total of 103 inpatients with mononucleosis in Peking University Third Hospital from May 2013 to May 2016 were collected as the study subjects.The patients were divided into three groups according to the responsible pathogens: 33 patients infected with EBV and CMV, 53 infected with EBV alone and 17 infected with CMV alone.Furthermore, a case-control study was employed to retrospectively compare the clinical characteristics and prognosis with χ(2,) t or rank tests...
October 24, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077846/sequential-chemotherapy-radiotherapy-was-comparable-with-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-for-stage-i-ii-nk-t-cell-lymphoma
#12
Y L Kwong, S J Kim, E Tse, S Y Oh, J Y Kwak, H S Eom, Y R Do, Y C Mun, S R Lee, H J Shin, C Suh, S S Chuang, Y S Lee, S T Lim, K Izutsu, R Suzuki, T Relander, F d'Amore, N Schmitz, A Jaccard, W S Kim
Background: In stage I/II natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) had previously been shown to result in superior outcome compared with anthracycline-containing regimens, which have since been considered ineffective. The role of CCRT in comparison with approaches employing non-anthracycline-containing chemotherapy (CT) and sequential radiotherapy (RT) in such patients remains to be defined. Patients and methods: Three hundred and three untreated patients (207 men, 96 women; median age: 51, 18-86, years) with stage I/II NK/T-cell lymphoma who had received non-anthracycline-containing regimens were collected from an international consortium and retrospectively analyzed...
October 24, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075259/virus-specific-t-cells-for-the-immunocompromised-patient
#13
REVIEW
Amy Houghtelin, Catherine M Bollard
While progress has been made in the treatment of both hematologic cancers and solid tumors, chemorefractory or relapsed disease often portends a dismal prognosis, and salvage chemotherapy or radiation expose patients to intolerable toxicities and may not be effective. Hematopoietic stem cell transplant offers the promise of cure for many patients, and while mismatched, unrelated or haploidentical donors are increasingly available, the recipients are at higher risk of severe immunosuppression and immune dysregulation due to graft versus host disease...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073638/intratumoural-pd-l1-expression-is-associated-with-worse-survival-of-patients-with-epstein-barr-virus-associated-gastric-cancer
#14
An Na Seo, Byung Woog Kang, Oh Kyoung Kwon, Ki Bum Park, Seung Soo Lee, Ho Young Chung, Wansik Yu, Han Ik Bae, Seong Woo Jeon, Hyojeung Kang, Jong Gwang Kim
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the clinical relevance and prognostic impact of the overall expression of programmed cell death protein ligand-1 (PD-L1) and programmed cell death protein ligand-2 (PD-L2), in patients with Epstein-Barr virus-associated gastric cancer (EBVaGC). METHODS: After reviewing 1318 consecutive cases of surgically resected or endoscopic submucosal dissected gastric cancers, the expression status of PD-L1 and PD-L2 in 120 patients with EBVaGC identified by EBV-encoded RNA in situ hybridisation was retrospectively analysed using immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
October 26, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070113/-retrospective-analysis-of-clinical-features-and-prognosis-of-84-patients-with-extranodal-nk-t-cell-lymphoma-in-one-center
#15
Qiu-Shi Yang, Shi-Hua Zhao, Yan Jiang, Tian-You Jiang, Shun-Zong Yuan, Hang Su
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognostic factors of patients with extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma. METHODS: The clinical data of patients with extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma admitted in the Hospital Affiliated to the Academy of Military Medical Science from June 2006 to June 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical features, therapeutic efficacy and prognosis-related factors were clarified. RESULTS: A total of 84 patients with extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma with complete clinical data were collected, with a median follow-up of 21 months (1-123 months), the overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) were 58...
October 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067721/the-perivascular-microenvironment-in-epstein-barr-virus-positive-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphoma-the-role-of-programmed-cell-death-1-and-programmed-cell-death-ligand-1
#16
Yasuo Sugita, Takuya Furuta, Koichi Ohshima, Satoru Komaki, Junko Miyoshi, Motohiro Morioka, Hideyuki Abe, Takanori Nozawa, Yukihiko Fujii, Hitoshi Takahashi, Akiyoshi Kakita
It has been shown that high expression of certain immune checkpoint molecules, including those of the programmed death protein 1/programmed death ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) axis, can be utilized to regulate immunosuppression in the microenvironment of malignant neoplasms. For the purpose of clarifying the immune-escape mechanism of primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSLs), particularly in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive cases, markers for PD-1, PD-L1, tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in 39 surgical specimens of PCNSLs (17 EBV-positive, 22 EBV-negative) were investigated by immunohistochemistry...
October 24, 2017: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064587/an-anergic-immune-signature-in-the-tumor-microenvironment-of-classical-hodgkin-lymphoma-is-associated-with-inferior-outcome
#17
Peter Hollander, Klaus Rostgaard, Karin E Smedby, Daniel Molin, Angelica Loskog, Peter de Nully Brown, Gunilla Enblad, Rose-Marie Amini, Henrik Hjalgrim, Ingrid Glimelius
OBJECTIVE: The classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) tumor microenvironment shows an ongoing inflammatory response consisting of varying degrees of infiltrating eosinophils, mast cells, macrophages, regulatory T lymphocytes (Tregs) and activated lymphocytes surrounding the malignant cells. Herein, different immune signatures are characterized and correlated with treatment outcome. METHODS: Tumor-infiltrating leukocytes were phenotyped in biopsies from 459 patients with cHL...
October 24, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056243/prognostic-significance-of-standardized-uptake-value-on-f18-fdg-pet-ct-in-patients-with-extranodal-nasal-type-nk-t-cell-lymphoma-a-multicenter-retrospective-analysis
#18
Kyoungjune Pak, Bum Soo Kim, Keunyoung Kim, In Joo Kim, Sungmin Jun, Young Jin Jeong, Hye Kyung Shim, Sung-Dong Kim, Kyu-Sup Cho
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of parameters assessed with F18-flurodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in predicting relapse free survival and overall survival in patients with extranodal nasal type NK/T cell lymphoma. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with extranodal nasal type NK/T cell lymphoma, and who underwent PET/CT prior to curative treatment, were enrolled at five institutions. Volumes of interest covering the entire tumor volume were delineated on PET/CT images, and the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), mean SUV (SUVmean), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were measured using thresholds of 40% of SUVmax...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051561/magt1-mediated-disturbance-of-mg-2-homeostasis-lead-to-exhausted-of-hbv-infected-nk-and-cd8-t-cells
#19
Bo Diao, Xiaoyong Huang, Shen Guo, Chengying Yang, Guosong Liu, Yongwen Chen, Yuzhang Wu
The magnesium transporter 1 (MAGT1) is a critical regulator of basal intracellular free magnesium ([Mg(2+)]i) levels. It has been shown that MAGT1 was involved in the disorder in Mg(2+) homeostasis after Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Here, we identified the effects of MAGT1-mediated disturbance of Mg(2+) homeostasis on chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected natural killer (NK) and CD8(+) T cells. The expression of MAGT1 was gradually decreased with the increase of infected time in CD8(+) T cells, but not with that in NK cells, of the patients...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033912/the-infectious-basis-of-acpa-positive-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
REVIEW
Lazaros I Sakkas, Dimitrios Daoussis, Stamatis-Nick Liossis, Dimitrios P Bogdanos
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with HLA-DRB1 shared epitope (HLA-DRB1SE) and anti-citrullinated protein autoantibodies (ACPAs). ACPAs precedes the onset of clinical and subclinical RA. There are strong data for three infectious agents as autoimmunity triggers in RA, namely Porphyromonas gingivalis and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans causes of periodontal disease (PD), and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). P. gingivalis expresses arginine gingipains, that cleave proteins at the arginine residues, and peptidyl arginine deiminase (PPAD), which citrullinates arginine residues of proteins, thus forming neoantigens that lead to ACPA production...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
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