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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512698/repair-of-the-pronator-quadratus-after-volar-plate-fixation-in-distal-radius-fractures-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Marjolein A M Mulders, Monique M J Walenkamp, Fernande J M E Bos, Niels W L Schep, J Carel Goslings
To position the volar plate on the distal radius fracture site, the pronator quadratus muscle needs to be detached from its distal and radial side and lifted for optimal exposure to the fracture site. Although the conventional approach involves repair of the pronator quadratus, controversy surrounds the merits of this repair. The purpose of this study was to compare the functional outcomes of patients with distal radius fractures treated with pronator quadratus repair after volar plate fixation versus no pronator quadratus repair...
May 17, 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504808/outcome-of-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-matched-cohort-study
#2
Michael C Cusick, Randall J Otto, Rachel E Clark, Mark A Frankle
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurologic disorder that affects the musculoskeletal system. Currently, the use of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) for patients with PD has not been adequately studied. The authors sought to determine if RSA provided similar functional outcomes for patients with PD compared with a matched cohort of patients without PD. Between 2004 and 2011, 10 patients with PD (4 men, 6 women) underwent RSA. Patients with PD were matched to patients without PD at a 1:4 ratio based on age (average, 76 years; range, 63-85 years), sex (16 men, 24 women), preoperative diagnosis, and length of follow-up (average, 43 months; range, 24-128 months)...
May 15, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489628/lengthening-of-newly-formed-humerus-after-autologous-fibula-graft-transplantation-following-intercalary-tumor-resection
#3
Hakan Pilge, Martin Ruppert, Bernd Bittersohl, Bettina Westhoff, Rüdiger Krauspe
Secondary limb lengthening after intercalary bone resection in pediatric patients is still challenging. After the resection, a free fibula autograft can be used to reconstruct the osseous gap. However, in particular in young pediatric patients, insufficient growth of the epiphyseal plate after transplantation may lead to a significant limb-length discrepancy (LLD). In this case, the autograft was used for limb lengthening. We report on the lengthening of a humerus regenerate after fibula autograft transplantation into a humeral defect in a pediatric/young adolescent patient...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483434/posterior-glenoid-bone-grafting-in-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-osteoarthritis-with-severe-posterior-glenoid-wear
#4
Gregory P Nicholson, Gregory L Cvetanovich, Allison J Rao, Patrick O'Donnell
BACKGROUND: Total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) in cases with posterior wear can be addressed by eccentric reaming of the anterior glenoid or by augmenting the posterior glenoid with bone grafting or augmented glenoid implants. We report the results of TSA with posterior glenoid bone grafting (PGBG) with humeral head autograft in patients with shoulder osteoarthritis and severe posterior glenoid wear. METHODS: A retrospective review of cases from 2004 to 2014 revealed 34 patients...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483432/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-os-acromiale
#5
William R Aibinder, Bradley S Schoch, Robert H Cofield, John W Sperling, Joaquin Sánchez-Sotelo
BACKGROUND: Os acromiale has been reported in up to 15% of the general population. Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) increases deltoid tension, which could potentially lead to excessive stress on a pre-existent os acromiale. The purpose of this study was to determine the outcome and complications of primary RTSA in patients with radiographic evidence of an os acromiale. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2013, 25 shoulders underwent primary RTSA with an associated os acromiale, which was classified preacromion (3), mesoacromion (20), and meta-acromion (2)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479257/liposomal-bupivacaine-versus-indwelling-interscalene-nerve-block-for-postoperative-pain-control-in-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Jeffrey T Abildgaard, Keith T Lonergan, Stefan J Tolan, Michael J Kissenberth, Richard J Hawkins, Richard Washburn, Kyle J Adams, Catherine D Long, E Carlisle Shealy, Jay R Motley, John M Tokish
BACKGROUND: Pain management strategies following shoulder arthroplasty vary significantly. Liposomal bupivacaine (LB) is an extended-release delivery of a phospholipid bilayer encapsulating bupivacaine that can result in drug delivery up to 72 hours. Prior studies in lower extremity surgery demonstrated efficacy of LB in comparison to a single-shot peripheral nerve block; however, no study has investigated LB in a total shoulder arthroplasty population. Therefore, this study compared LB vs...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478900/the-effect-of-the-beach-chair-position-angle-on-cerebral-oxygenation-during-shoulder-surgery
#7
Chad E Songy, Eric R Siegel, Mark Stevens, John T Wilkinson, Shahryar Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Although the safety of the beach-chair position (BCP) is widely accepted, rare devastating neurologic complications have been reported and attributed to cerebral hypoperfusion. Cerebral oxygenation (regional oxygen saturation [rSO2]) can be monitored noninvasively using near-infrared spectroscopy. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of BCP angle on cerebral oxygenation in patients undergoing shoulder surgery in the BCP. METHODS: Fifty patients undergoing shoulder arthroscopy were prospectively enrolled to participate...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467335/fifth-metacarpal-neck-fractures-fixation-with-antegrade-locked-flexible-intramedullary-nailing
#8
Francesco Pogliacomi, Elisabetta Mijno, Alesssio Pedrazzini, Silvio Tocco, Massimo Tonani, Francesco Ceccarelli, Enrico Vaienti
BACKGROUND: Fifth metacarpal neck fractures (commonly named "boxer's fractures") are the most common metacarpal injuries and usually affect young active people. These lesions are mainly treated conservatively. Their surgical management, if indicated, is still a matter of debate. Different procedures have been described. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of 18 boxer's fractures which were synthesized with antegrade locked flexible intramedullary nailing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients, at a mean follow-up of 45 months, were clinically evaluated using the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score and the Patient Rated Wrist/Hand Evaluation (PRWHE)...
April 28, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463917/conversion-to-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-with-and-without-humeral-stem-retention-the-role-of-a-convertible-platform-stem
#9
Lynn A Crosby, Thomas W Wright, Stephen Yu, Joseph D Zuckerman
BACKGROUND: Revision shoulder arthroplasty is a technically challenging procedure. It is associated with increased blood loss and operative time, and it frequently necessitates revision implants, augments, and bone-grafting. Shoulder arthroplasty systems with a convertible-platform humeral stem have been developed to reduce the complexity of revision procedures by eliminating the need for humeral component explantation when converting from anatomic shoulder arthroplasty (hemiarthroplasty or total shoulder arthroplasty) to reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA)...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459709/the-humeral-implant-in-shoulder-arthroplasty
#10
Jay D Keener, Peter Nissen Chalmers, Ken Yamaguchi
Humeral hemiarthroplasty, anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty, and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty all rely on a prosthetic articular surface fixed to the proximal humerus. Humeral implant designs have changed considerably as a result of improved understanding of proximal humeral anatomy and prosthetic biomechanics. Fixed, monoblock implants have been superseded by modular implants with variable inclination, offset, version, and stem length. Press-fit designs now commonly have surface coatings that allow bony ingrowth...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456358/patient-outcomes-as-a-function-of-shoulder-surgeon-volume-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Kent T Weinheimer, Dallas M Smuin, Aman Dhawan
PURPOSE: To examine surgical complications, length of stay, surgical time, cost, revision rates, clinical outcomes, current surgical trends. and minimum number of cases in relationship to surgeon volume for shoulder arthroplasty and rotator cuff repair. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of studies using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. All studies that met inclusion criteria from January 1990 to January 2016 were included...
April 26, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450792/long-term-outcomes-of-the-bankart-and-latarjet-repairs-a-systematic-review
#12
Natalie C Rollick, Yohei Ono, Hafeez M Kurji, Atiba A Nelson, Richard S Boorman, Gail M Thornton, Ian Ky Lo
The most common surgical techniques for the treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder instability include the arthroscopic Bankart repair, the open Bankart repair and the open Latarjet procedure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the long-term outcomes following these procedures. A systematic review of modern procedures with a minimum follow-up of 5 years was completed. The objective outcome measures evaluated were post-operative dislocation and instability rate, the Rowe score, radiographic arthritis and complications...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444541/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-massive-irreparable-rotator-cuff-tears-and-cuff-tear-arthropathy-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
S Petrillo, U G Longo, R Papalia, V Denaro
PURPOSE: To report the outcomes and complications of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in massive irreparable rotator cuff tears (MIRCT) and cuff tear arthropathy (CTA). METHODS: A systematic review of the literature contained in Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, Google Scholar and Ovid databases was conducted on May 1, 2016, according to PRISMA guidelines. The key words "reverse total shoulder arthroplasty" or "reverse total shoulder prostheses" with "rotator cuff tears"; "failed rotator cuff surgery"; "massive rotator cuff tears"; "irreparable rotator cuff tears"; "cuff tear arthropathy"; "outcomes"; "complications" were matched...
April 25, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437503/subscapularis-tenotomy-versus-lesser-tuberosity-osteotomy-for-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#14
Philip K Louie, David M Levy, Bernard R Bach, Gregory P Nicholson, Anthony A Romeo
Subscapularis tenotomy (ST) has been the standard method of mobilizing the subscapularis during the approach to a total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). Recently, lesser tuberosity osteotomy (LTO), which avoids subscapularis complications, has gained in popularity. We performed a systematic review to elucidate any differences in clinical or radiographic outcomes between ST and LTO. Using PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines, we identified clinical and/or radiographic TSA studies with minimum mean 2-year follow-up and level I to IV evidence...
March 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437496/novel-solution-for-massive-glenoid-defects-in-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-patient-specific-glenoid-vault-reconstruction-system
#15
David M Dines, Lawrence Gulotta, Edward V Craig, Joshua S Dines
Complex glenoid deformities present the most difficult challenges in shoulder arthroplasty. These deformities may be caused by severe degenerative or congenital deformity, posttraumatic anatomy, tumor, or, in most cases, bone loss after glenoid failure in anatomical total shoulder arthroplasty. Methods of treating severe bone loss have included inlay and onlay bone-graft options with augmented fixation and, in severe cases, salvage hemiarthroplasty with limited goal expectations. Unfortunately, none of these methods has provided consistently satisfactory reproducible results...
March 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430721/outcomes-of-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-proximal-humeral-fractures-primary-arthroplasty-versus-secondary-arthroplasty-following-failed-proximal-humeral-locking-plate-fixation
#16
Emilio Sebastia-Forcada, Alejandro Lizaur-Utrilla, Román Cebrian-Gomez, Francisco A Miralles-Muñoz, Fernando A Lopez-Prats
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) between patients with failed proximal humeral locking plate (PHLP) fixation and those with acute fractures. DESIGN: Matched case-control study. SETTING: University hospital, level I trauma center. PATIENTS: 30 consecutive patients with fracture sequelae due to failed PHLP fixation (mean age 73) were age- and gender-matched to 30 patients with acute fracture (mean age 75)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419030/ambulatory-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-comprehensive-analysis-of-current-trends-complications-readmissions-and-costs
#17
Jourdan M Cancienne, Stephen F Brockmeier, Lawrence V Gulotta, David M Dines, Brian C Werner
BACKGROUND: There have been few studies that have evaluated ambulatory total shoulder arthroplasty. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the current trends in ambulatory total shoulder arthroplasty in the United States; to characterize the rate of postoperative complications, hospital readmission, and risk factors associated with readmission; and to conduct a cost analysis comparing ambulatory total shoulder arthroplasty with matched inpatient total shoulder arthroplasty...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415938/indocyanine-green-detects-sentinel-lymph-nodes-in-early-breast-cancer
#18
Jun Liu, Linping Huang, Ning Wang, Ping Chen
Objective To explore the clinical value of indocyanine green (ICG) for the fluorescence-guided detection of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) during sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in patients with early breast cancer. Methods This retrospective study included female patients with breast cancer. Patients were administered methylene blue and ICG using standard techniques. All SLNs that were collected during surgery were submitted for pathological examination. SLNs were defined as those that were either fluorescent, blue, fluorescent and blue or palpably suspicious...
April 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399323/short-stem-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-periprosthetic-type-a-fracture
#19
Bryan M Saltzman, Timothy Leroux, Michael J Collins, Thomas A Arns, Brian Forsythe
Alterations have been made over the years to the standard reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) prosthetic components in an effort to decrease adverse events; this has led to the advent of a short humeral stem prosthesis. To the authors' knowledge, there are no reports describing the complication of a traumatic periprosthetic Wright and Cofield classification type A fracture with use of a short metaphyseal humeral stem component for RTSA. The authors describe a 49-year-old woman with this pathology who was treated with open reduction and internal fixation using a proximal humerus locking plate, unicortical and bicortical screw fixation, and a cerclage wire construct without the need to violate the shoulder joint or revise components...
April 11, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390888/liposomal-bupivacaine-mixture-has-similar-pain-relief-and-significantly-fewer-complications-at-less-cost-compared-to-indwelling-interscalene-catheter-in-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#20
William J Weller, Michael G Azzam, Richard A Smith, Frederick M Azar, Thomas W Throckmorton
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and costs of indwelling interscalene catheter (ISC) and liposomal bupivacaine (LBC), with and without adjunctive medications, in patients with primary shoulder arthroplasty are a source of current debate. METHODS: In 214 arthroplasties, 156 patients had ISC and 58 had LBC injections that were mixed with morphine, ketorolac, and 0.5% bupivacaine with epinephrine. Charts were reviewed for visual analog scale pain scores, oral morphine equivalent (OME) usage, major complications, and costs...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
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