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Epidural Abscess

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920864/clinical-case-report-discitis-osteomyelitis-complicated-by-inferior-vena-cava-venous-thrombosis-and-septic-pulmonary-emboli
#1
Zerwa Farooq, Brooke Devenney-Cakir
Viridans group streptococcus is an infrequent cause of osteomyelitis that is found in association with infective endocarditis. Only a few studies report viridans osteomyelitis in the absence of endocarditis. Vertebral pyogenic osteomyelitis can sometimes be complicated by psoas or paraspinal abscesses. These intra-abdominal and/or pelvic collections can very rarely result in venous thrombosis. A paraspinal abscess resulting in inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis has only been reported once in the literature...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903018/intrathecal-baclofen-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-spasticity-in-lithuania
#2
Robertas Kvascevicius, Ona Lapteva, Jurate Kesiene, Alfredas Vaitkus, Laima Mikulenaite, Ramunas Raugalas, Jurate Sipylaite, Saulius Rocka, Alvydas Juocevicius
Spasticity of cerebral or spinal origin severely impairs an individual's functional ability and quality of life. Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy via an implantable pump is indicated for use in patients unresponsive to oral antispasmodics. ITB therapy improves the daily caring for and relief of painful spasms. In Lithuania, ITB therapy was introduced in clinical practice just recently. We share our experience of spasticity management with the ITB pump system in five patients at Vilnius University Hospital Santariskiu Klinikos...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896193/multidisciplinary-approach-to-an-extended-pressure-sore-at-the-lumbosacral-area
#3
Sehoon Yoon, Euicheol Jeong, Hudson Alex Lázaro
A pressure sore wound is often extensive or complicated by local infection involving adjacent soft tissue and bone. In this case, a regional flap after simple debridement is not adequate. Here, we present a case of an extensive pressure sore in the sacral area with deep tissue infection. A 43-year-old female patient with a complicated sore with deep tissue infection had a presacral abscess, an iliopsoas abscess, and an epidural abscess in the lumbar spine. After a multidisciplinary approach performed in stages, the infection had subsided and removal of the devitalized tissue was possible...
November 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829181/effect-of-thoracic-epidural-block-on-infection-induced-inflammatory-response-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Asha Tyagi, Anuradha Bansal, Shukla Das, Ashok Kumar Sethi, Aanchal Kakkar
PURPOSE: Epidural block decreases inflammation and oxidative stress in experimental models of sepsis as well as after surgery. There is, however, no clinical evidence evaluating its effect on infection-induced inflammatory process. The present trial evaluated the effect of thoracic epidural block (TEB) on systemic inflammatory response in patients with small intestinal perforation peritonitis. Outcome measures included systemic levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, procalcitonin, and C-reactive protein and postoperative Sepsis-Related Organ Failure Assessment scores...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822874/spinal-epidural-abscess-a-rare-complication-of-ulcerative-colitis-after-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis
#5
Mikio Kawamura, Toshimitsu Araki, Yoshiki Okita, Satoru Kondo, Takashi Ichikawa, Hiroyuki Fujikawa, Keiichi Uchida, Yasuhiko Mohri, Masato Kusunoki
BACKGROUND: Spinal epidural abscess is a rare condition with high morbidity and mortality, for which a delay in diagnosis and treatment can lead to irreversible neurologic deficit or even death. Although patients with spinal epidural abscess have systemic predisposing immunocompromised conditions, spinal intervention, or trauma, this condition has been reported as a result of perforation or fistulization arising from inflammatory bowel disease. We describe herein a rare case of spinal epidural abscess as a complication of ileal pouch anal anastomosis...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796038/management-of-acute-complicated-mastoiditis-at-an-urban-tertiary-care-pediatric-hospital
#6
Saied Ghadersohi, Nancy M Young, Virginia Smith-Bronstein, Stephen Hoff, Kathleen R Billings
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To describe the presentation and management of acute complicated mastoiditis in children. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: An analysis of pediatric patients with acute complicated mastoiditis treated at an urban, tertiary care children's hospital from 2007 to 2014 was performed. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients presented with a total of 67 complications of acute mastoiditis. Mean age at presentation was 4...
October 31, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753184/spinal-infections-in-older-people-an-analysis-of-demographics-presenting-features-microbiology-and-outcomes
#7
Sanka Amadoru, Kwang Lim, Mark Tacey, Craig Aboltins
AIMS: To explore differences in presentation and outcomes between younger and older patients with bacterial spinal infections. METHODS: Clinical, microbiological and radiological information was collected for patients at a single metropolitan hospital with spinal infections (spondylodiscitis, vertebral osteomyelitis, septic discitis, facet joint septic arthritis, and spinal epidural abscess) between January 2008 and January 2015. Patients were excluded if under 18 years of age, or if clinical and imaging findings were inconsistent with the diagnosis...
October 18, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749464/epidural-abscess-after-epidural-analgesia-in-children-report-of-two-cases
#8
Rachel Desai, Ursula Dickson, Desiderio Rodrigues, Karl-Christian Thies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720493/epidural-hematoma-and-abscess-related-to-thoracic-epidural-analgesia-a-single-center-study-of-2-907-patients-who-underwent-lung-surgery
#9
Elisa Kupersztych-Hagege, Etienne Dubuisson, Barbara Szekely, Mireille Michel-Cherqui, Jean François Dreyfus, Marc Fischler, Morgan Le Guen
OBJECTIVE: To report the major complications (epidural hematoma and abscess) of postoperative thoracic epidural analgesia in patients who underwent lung surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, monocentric study. SETTING: A university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: All lung surgical patients who received postoperative thoracic epidural analgesia between November 2007 and November 2015. INTERVENTIONS: Thoracic epidural analgesia for patients who underwent lung surgery...
July 18, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709081/parascapular-mass-revealing-primary-tuberculosis-of-the-posterior-arch
#10
Anais Arbault, Paul Ornetti, Romaric Loffroy, Olivier Chevallier, Julien Avril, Pierre Pottecher
We report the case of a parascapular abscess revealing primary tuberculosis of the posterior arch in a 31-year-old man. Sectional imaging is essential in order to detect the different lesions of this atypical spinal tuberculosis as osteolysis of the posterior arch extendible to vertebral body, osteocondensation, epidural extension which is common in this location, and high specificity of a zygapophysial, costo-vertebral or transverse arthritis.
August 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688918/rapidly-progressive-spontaneous-spinal-epidural-abscess
#11
Abdurrahman Aycan, Ozgür Yusuf Aktas, Feyza Karagoz Guzey, Azmi Tufan, Cihan Isler, Nur Aycan, İsmail Gulsen, Harun Arslan
Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a rare disease which is often rapidly progressive. Delayed diagnosis of SEA may lead to serious complications and the clinical findings of SEA are generally nonspecific. Paraspinal abscess should be considered in the presence of local low back tenderness, redness, and pain with fever, particularly in children. In case of delayed diagnosis and treatment, SEA may spread to the epidural space and may cause neurological deficits. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) remains the method of choice in the diagnosis of SEA...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688864/development-of-epidural-and-paraspinal-abscesses-after-insufficient-evaluation-and-treatment-of-acute-pyelonephritis-caused-by-staphylococcus-aureus
#12
Mi Jeoung Kim, Hyang Mo Koo, Woo Joo Lee, Jin Hwan Choi, Mi Nyong Choi, Sang Young Park, Woo Jung Kim, Seung Yeon Son
Diagnoses of pyelonephritis caused by Staphylococcus aureus should be accompanied by investigations of concomitant bladder obstruction and metastatic infections, especially to the spine or heart. Complicated pyelonephritis due to S. aureus requires more than 2 weeks of antibiotics, which is the typically recommended treatment duration for pyelonephritis. We describe a patient who was diagnosed with complicated epidural and paraspinal abscesses after insufficient evaluation and treatment of acute pyelonephritis due to S...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662446/thoracic-osteomyelitis-and-epidural-abscess-formation-due-to-cat-scratch-disease-case-report
#13
David Dornbos, Jocelyn Morin, Joshua R Watson, Jonathan Pindrik
Osteomyelitis of the spine with associated spinal epidural abscess represents an uncommon entity in the pediatric population, requiring prompt evaluation and diagnosis to prevent neurological compromise. Cat scratch disease, caused by the pathogen Bartonella henselae, encompasses a wide spectrum of clinical presentations; however, an association with osteomyelitis and epidural abscess has been reported in only 4 other instances in the literature. The authors report a rare case of multifocal thoracic osteomyelitis with an epidural abscess in a patient with a biopsy-proven pathogen of cat scratch disease...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636865/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-failed-medical-management-of-spinal-epidural-abscess-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Alexandra Stratton, Karla Gustafson, Kenneth Thomas, Matthew T James
OBJECTIVE Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a life-threatening infection. It is uncertain whether medical versus surgical treatment is the ideal initial approach for neurologically intact patients with SEA. Recent evidence demonstrates that initial medical management is increasingly common; however, patients who ultimately require surgery after failed medical management may have a worse prognosis than those whose treatment was initially surgical. The primary objective of this study was to establish the current incidence of failed medical management for SEA...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628612/salmonella-enterica-serotype-enteritidis-vertebral-osteomyelitis-and-epidural-abscess-complicated-with-meningitis
#15
Masayuki Oki, Akihiro Ueda, Ayumi Tsuda, Hidetaka Yanagi, Hideki Ozawa, Atsushi Takagi
Infection with non-typhoidal Salmonella often results in a self-limited acute gastroenteritis. Extra-intestinal Salmonella infection is relatively rare and occurs predominantly in infants and adults with significant underlying conditions. We describe a 54-year-old Japanese man with a history of heavy alcohol consumption and daily contact with a dog, who developed bacteremia complicated by vertebral osteomyelitis, spinal epidural abscess, and meningitis, due to Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis. This case suggests that Salmonella should be considered as an etiologic pathogen in adult patients with perivertebral infection or meningitis...
2016: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621563/pneumococcal-vertebral-osteomyelitis-after-epidural-injection-a-rare-event
#16
Tamara M Johnson, Chandrika Chitturi, Michael Lange, Jin S Suh, Jihad Slim
Streptococcus pneumoniae vertebral infections have rarely been reported. Herein, we report a case of pneumococcal vertebral osteomyelitis with paraspinal and epidural abscesses as well as concomitant bacteremia following epidural injection. This will be the second case in the literature reporting pneumococcal vertebral osteomyelitis related to epidural manipulation.
July 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620549/cervical-facet-joint-infection-and-associated-epidural-abscess-with-streptococcus-intermedius-from-a-dental-infection-origin-a-case-report-and-review
#17
Ian David Kaye, Themistocles S Protopsaltis
Pyogenic cervical facet joint infections are rare and such infections from a dental origin are even less common. Of these few cases, none have described infection with Streptococcus intermedius as the pathogen. A 65-year-old orthopaedic surgeon complained of fevers, right-sided radiating neck pain, stiffness, swelling, erythema, and right upper extremity weakness one month after he had broken a crown over his right mandibular premolar, a continued source of pain. Imaging of the cervical spine showed a right C4-C5 facet inflammatory arthropathy and a small epidural abscess that was cultured and initially treated with intravenous antibiotics...
September 2016: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608748/when-do-you-drain-epidural-abscesses-of-the-spine
#18
Sina Pourtaheri, Kimona Issa, Tyler Stewart, Yashika Patel, Kumar Sinha, Ki Hwang, Arash Emami
BACKGROUND: How the relative volume of an epidural abscess on MRI affects outcomes with antibiotics alone has limited literature. The purpose of this study was to identify which infected epidural collections will reabsorb with antibiotics alone. Specifically, what is the critical size and enhancement on contrast MRIs to require a drainage procedure? MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of all spinal osteomyelitis patients from 2001-2012 was performed. Inclusion criteria included appropriate initial imaging, lab results, no drainage procedures of collections, and no treatment prior to admission at an outside institution...
October 26, 2016: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576671/oblique-corpectomy-for-treatment-of-cervical-spine-epidural-abscesses-report-on-four-cases
#19
Przemysław Kunert, Marek Prokopienko, Arkadiusz Nowak, Tomasz Czernicki, Andrzej Marchel
BACKGROUND: Spinal epidural abscesses (SEAs) in cervical locations are particularly life-threatening. Currently, SEAs are widely treated with bony decompression, followed by internal stabilization in purulent osteomyelitis. However, recently, a growing number of studies have reported minimally invasive approaches without internal fixation. PURPOSE: We describe four patients with cervical SEAs that were evacuated by oblique corpectomy (OC) without fusion. METHODS: This study included two women and two men (aged 44-90) that received operations for removing ventral cervical SEAs...
August 24, 2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566300/cervical-spondylodiscitis-following-an-invasive-procedure-on-the-neopharynx-after-circumferential-pharyngolaryngectomy-a-retrospective-case-series
#20
Florent Espitalier, Anne de Keating-Hart, Sylvain Morinière, Jean-Michel Badet, Nathalie Asseray, Christophe Ferron, Olivier Malard
PURPOSE: To highlight cervical spondylodiscitis as an infrequent complication following an invasive procedure on the neopharynx in patients previously treated with circumferential pharyngolaryngectomy with pectoralis major myocutaneous flap reconstruction. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with cervical spondylodiscitis after circumferential pharyngolaryngectomy between 2001 and 2013 were retrospectively studied using a questionnaire sent to the French head and neck tumour study group...
August 26, 2016: European Spine Journal
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