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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#1
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087472/extract-of-clinopodium-bolivianum-protects-against-e-coli-invasion-of-uroepithelial-cells
#2
Soumitra Mohanty, Witchuda Kamolvit, Silvia Zambrana, Corine Sandström, Eduardo Gonzales, Claes-Göran Östenson, Annelie Braunerf
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Clinopodium bolivianum is a South American plant with anti-inflammatory and anti-infective activities. The increasing antibiotic resistance urges for alternative therapy. Based on its use in traditional medicine, we investigated the effect of C. bolivianum on the ability to defend bladder epithelial cells from E. coli infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The extract was analysed by LC-MS. Bladder epithelial cell lines T24 and 5637 and uropathogenic E...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086784/health-related-quality-of-life-assessment-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-the-effectiveness-of-early-phase-i-cardiac-rehabilitation
#3
Lawrence Anchah, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Melissa Siaw Han Lim, Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim, Kui Hian Sim, Tiong Kiam Ong
BACKGROUND: Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) is one of the most burdensome cardiovascular diseases in terms of the cost of interventions. The Cardiac Rehabilitation Programme (CRP) is well-established in improving clinical outcomes but the assessment of actual clinical improvement is challenging, especially when considering pharmaceutical care (PC) values in phase I CRP during admission and upon discharge from hospital and phase II outpatient interventions. This study explores the impact of pharmacists' interventions in the early stages of CRP on humanistic outcomes and follow-up at a referral hospital in Malaysia...
January 13, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081249/measuring-physical-activity-with-hip-accelerometry-among-u-s-older-adults-how-many-days-are-enough
#4
Masha Kocherginsky, Megan Huisingh-Scheetz, William Dale, Diane S Lauderdale, Linda Waite
INTRODUCTION: Accelerometers are increasingly used in research. Four to 7 days of monitoring is preferred to estimate average activity but may be burdensome for older adults. We aimed to investigate: 1) 7-day accelerometry protocol adherence, 2) demographic predictors of adherence, 3) day of the week effect, and 4) average activity calculated from 7 versus fewer days among older adults. METHODS: We used the 2003-2006 older adult hip accelerometry data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) sample...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079852/ichthyosiform-sarcoidosis-report-of-three-cases-from-japan-and-literature-review
#5
Takako Miura, Yasunobu Kato, Toshiyuki Yamamoto
Cutaneous lesions of sarcoidosis present with various manifestations including specific and non-specific cutaneous lesions. Ichthyosiform sarcoidosis is a rare form of cutaneous sarcoidosis, presenting with asymptomatic, adherent, polygonal scales, mainly appearing on the lower limbs.  Ichthyosiform sarcoidosis has a predilection for dark-skinned races, and cases affecting Japanese patients have rarely been reported in English literature.  We herein describe three Japanese cases of ichthyosiform sarcoidosis on the lower limbs...
December 23, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079775/association-of-hospital-volume-with-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-treatment
#6
Shitanshu Uppal, Christina Chapman, Ryan J Spencer, Shruti Jolly, Kate Maturen, J Alejandro Rauh-Hain, Marcela G delCarmen, Laurel W Rice
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate racial-ethnic disparities in guideline-based care in locally advanced cervical cancer and their relationship to hospital case volume. METHODS: Using the National Cancer Database, we performed a retrospective cohort study of women diagnosed between 2004 and 2012 with locally advanced squamous or adenocarcinoma of the cervix undergoing definitive primary radiation therapy. The primary outcome was the race-ethnicity-based rates of adherence to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guideline-based care...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078909/apparent-treatment-resistant-hypertension-patient-physician-relationship-and-ethical-issues
#7
Julian E Mariampillai, Per Anders Eskås, Sondre Heimark, Anne Cecilie K Larstorp, Fadl Elmula M Fadl Elmula, Aud Høieggen, Per Nortvedt
BACKGROUND: Poor drug adherence is a major cause of apparent treatment-resistant hypertension. As a consequence, several methods have been developed and attempted implemented in clinical practice to reveal non-adherence and to monitor drug adherence. There are, however, several hitherto unresolved ethical aspects regarding potential methods for drug monitoring in these patients. RESULTS: The most striking challenge is the balance between patient autonomy and the physician's desire for the patient to adhere to the prescribed therapy...
January 12, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078657/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-dietary-intake-physical-activity-and-body-mass-index-bmi-among-cancer-survivors-2005-and-2010-national-health-interview-surveys-nhis
#8
Doratha A Byrd, Tanya Agurs-Collins, David Berrigan, Richard Lee, Frances E Thompson
INTRODUCTION: This paper reports racial/ethnic differences in mean dietary and alcohol intake, physical activity, and body mass index (BMI) among cancer survivors and examines adherence to the American Cancer Society and the US Dietary Guidelines for Americans. METHODS: Data are from the cross-sectional 2005 and 2010 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS). The total sample of cancer survivors (N = 3367) included non-Hispanic Whites (NHW; N = 2698), non-Hispanic Blacks (NHBs; N = 379), and Hispanics (N = 290)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078644/eight-or-12-week-treatment-of-hepatitis-c-with-ledipasvir-sofosbuvir-real-world-experience-in-a-large-integrated-health-system
#9
Jennifer B Lai, Maxwell A Witt, Mary Patricia Pauly, Joanna Ready, Michael Allerton, Suk Seo, David J Witt
BACKGROUND: Second-generation direct-acting antiviral agents are integral to treatment of hepatitis C (HCV) infection. Eight-week courses of ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF) have been supported in some studies, but data are limited on efficacy in real-world use. Controversy exists regarding applicability of clinical trials to real-world effectiveness. We report virologic responses of patients with HCV genotype 1 infection receiving LDV/SOF for 8 or 12 weeks in a large integrated healthcare system...
January 11, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078563/changes-in-first-line-injectable-disease-modifying-therapy-for-multiple-sclerosis-predictors-of-non-adherence-switching-discontinuation-and-interruption-of-drugs
#10
Luca Degli Esposti, Carlo Piccinni, Diego Sangiorgi, Valentina Perrone, Lucia Aledda, Maria Giovanna Marrosu, Fabio Lombardo
This study was aimed to describe changes of Disease-Modifying Treatments (DMT) in an Italian cohort of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and to identify predictors of therapeutic modifications. Patients with MS and treated with the first-line injectable DMT (interferons-IFNs or glatiramer) between 1/7/2009 and 31/10/2012 were selected from administrative databases of the MS Center of Cagliari (Sardinia, Italy). Socio-demographic, therapeutic, and clinical information was collected in the 6 months preceding the index date...
January 11, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078204/treatment-adherence-in-bipolar-disorder-a-patient-centred-approach
#11
REVIEW
Subho Chakrabarti
About half of the patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder (BD) become non-adherent during long-term treatment, a rate largely similar to other chronic illnesses and one that has remained unchanged over the years. Non-adherence in BD is a complex phenomenon determined by a multitude of influences. However, there is considerable uncertainty about the key determinants of non-adherence in BD. Initial research on non-adherence in BD mostly limited itself to examining demographic, clinical and medication-related factors impacting adherence...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077910/the-first-mediterranean-seminar-on-science-writing-editing-and-publishing-sarajevo-december-2-3-2016
#12
REVIEW
Izet Masic, Doncho Donev, Osman Sinanovic, Miro Jakovljevic, Enver Zerem, Dejan B Milosevic, Srecko Gajovic, Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Sekib Sokolovic, Nermin Salkic, Selma Uzunovic, Silva Dobric, Floreta Kurti, Edin Begic, Admir Kurtcehajic
The First Mediterranean Seminar on Science Writing, Editing & Publishing (SWEP 2016) was held in Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina from 2nd to 3rd December 2016. It was organized by Academy of Medical Sciences of Bosnia and Herzegovina, running concurrent sessions as part of its Annual Meeting titled " "Days of AMNuBiH - Theory and Practice in Science Communication and Scientometrics". Hotel Bosnia in the city centre was the chosen venue. On the first day, nineteen presentations on various issues of science writing and publication ethics were delivered by speakers from Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina and the UK (Asim Kurjak, Milivoj Boranić, Doncho Donev, Osman Sinanović, Miro Jakovljević, Enver Zerem, Dejan Milošević, Silva Dobrić, Srećko Gajović, Izet Mašić, Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Šekib Sokolović, Nermin Salkić, Selma Uzunović, Admir Kurtčehajić, Edin Begić and Floreta Kurti)...
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077240/association-between-community-pharmacy-loyalty-and-persistence-and-implementation-of-antipsychotic-treatment-among-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#13
Frank E Zongo, Jocelyne Moisan, Jean-Pierre Grégoire, Alain Lesage, Anara Richi Dossa, Sophie Lauzier
BACKGROUND: Non-adherence is a major obstacle to optimal treatment of schizophrenia. Community pharmacists are in a key position to detect non-adherence and put in place interventions. Their role is likely to be more efficient when individuals are loyal to a single pharmacy. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between the level of community pharmacy loyalty and persistence with and implementation of antipsychotic drug treatment among individuals with schizophrenia...
December 28, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076690/effect-of-intermittent-aeration-strategies-on-treatment-performance-and-microbial-community-of-an-ifas-reactor-treating-municipal-wastewater
#14
Nitin Kumar Singh, Akansha Bhatia, Absar Ahmad Kazmi
This study investigated the effect of various intermittent aeration (IA) cycles, characterized by the ratio of non-aeration to aeration time, on organics and nutrient removal, and microbial communities in an integrated fixed film activated sludge (IFAS) reactor treating municipal wastewater. Average effluent BOD, COD, TSS, TN and TP values were noted as 20, 50, 30, 12 and 1.5 mgL(-1), respectively in continuous aeration mode. A total of four operational conditions (run 1, continuous aeration; run 2, 150/30 min aeration on/off time; run 3, 120/60 min aeration on/off time; run 4, 90/60 min aeration on/off time) were investigated in IFAS reactor assessment...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076549/training-of-pharmacy-technicians-for-dispensing-drugs-in-primary-health-care
#15
Daniela Oliveira de Melo, Caroline Godoi Rezende da Costa Molino, Eliane Ribeiro, Nicolina Silvana Romano-Lieber
Few Brazilian articles discuss the importance of pharmacy technicians who offer direct assistance to patients. This paper describes an experience of the training of pharmacy technicians in drug dispensing. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in the primary healthcare setting. The technicians were trained by the pharmacist to advise patients at the time of drug dispensing and to screen cases that needed pharmaceutical consultation. Problems were identified by verifying the prescription and return date for dispensing the medication as well as through direct questioning of the patients...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075624/use-of-preprocedural-mdct-for-cardiac-implantable-electric-device-lead-extraction-frequency-of-findings-that-change-management
#16
Wendy L Ehieli, Daniel T Boll, Daniele Marin, Robert Lewis, Jonathan P Piccini, Lynne M Hurwitz
OBJECTIVE: Five percent of cardiac implantable electric devices (CIEDs) are removed each year. Percutaneous extraction is preferred but can be complicated if the leads adhere to the vasculature or perforate. The goal of this study is to assess the frequency of findings on dedicated MDCT that alter preprocedural planning for percutaneous CIED extraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients with CIEDs who underwent MDCT before percutaneous lead extraction were analyzed...
January 11, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074677/the-effective-tool-for-self-assessment-of-adherence-to-treatment-in-patients-with-benign-prostatic-obstruction-and-overactive-bladder-symptoms
#17
Kirill Kosilov, Sergey Loparev, Irina Kuzina, Olga Shakirova, Natalya Zhuravskaya, Alexandra Lobodenko
PURPOSE: Study of validity of the Medication Adherence Self-Report Inventory (MASRI) for use in clinical practice to treat patients with benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) accompanied with overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms. METHODS: During 12 weeks of the randomized study, 452 patients with BPO and OAB symptoms (mean age of 61.3 (12.7)) were studied for adherence to the treatment with Tamsulosin, Solifenacin and Trospium using the MASRI. External monitoring instruments included the Brief Medication Questionnaire (BMQ) and the visual remaining pill count...
January 11, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074419/deciphering-the-molecular-mechanisms-involved-in-hiv-associated-lipoatrophy-by-transcriptomics-a-pilot-study
#18
Patricia Pérez-Matute, María Iñiguez, Emma Recio-Fernández, José-Antonio Oteo
HIV-associated lipoatrophy (LA) has considerable implications for risk of metabolic diseases, quality of life, and adherence to treatments. Although it has decreased in high-income countries, it is still very common in resource-limited countries. Understanding the pathophysiological mechanisms of LA can open the possibility to explore new ways to treat or prevent this condition. To identify new markers for an accurate and quick diagnosis will be also of interest. Thus, we aimed to examine functional classes of genes implicated in LA and to identify potential new markers for an accurate/quick diagnosis of LA and future complications...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074407/youth-views-on-communication-about-adhd-and-medication-adherence
#19
Betsy Sleath, Delesha M Carpenter, Robyn Sayner, Kathleen Thomas, Larry Mann, Adam Sage, Sandra H Sulzer, Adrian D Sandler
The purpose of this study was to examine youth perceptions of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) communication with their pediatric providers, their reported adherence to their ADHD medications, and their desired location for an ADHD educational program. Youth ages 7 through 17 with an ADHD diagnosis were recruited. A research associate interviewed the youth. Parents completed demographic questionnaires. Seventy families participated. One-third of the youth wanted more discussion about ADHD with their providers during visits...
January 10, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074312/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-adherence-to-exclusive-breastfeeding-practices-among-hiv-infected-and-non-infected-women-in-jos-nigeria
#20
Bronwynè Coetzee, Mark Tomlinson, Sophia Osawe, Alash'le Amibiku, Ashraf Kagee
Objectives In Nigeria adherence to exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practices is currently suboptimal and a better understanding of the factors affecting adherence to EBF is needed. We sought to identify and delineate the barriers to and facilitators of adherence to EBF amongst HIV-infected and uninfected women in Nigeria. Methods We explored the barriers and facilitators to EBF amongst 37 (25 HIV-infected and 12 HIV-uninfected) pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in Jos, Nigeria. In-depth interviews were conducted with each of the pregnant women in their third trimester of pregnancy and again 1 month after giving birth...
January 10, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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