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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845388/management-of-retrorectal-supralevator-abscess-results-of-a-large-cohort
#1
Patrick Téoule, Steffen Seyfried, Andreas Joos, Dieter Bussen, Alexander Herold
PURPOSE: Proximal intersphincteric fistulas with proximal extension causing supralevatoric, retrorectal abscesses are a rare disease. There is only very limited experience, with small groups, and the limited published literature confirms the complexity of diagnostics and treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate transrectal internal abscess drainage as planned definitive treatment. METHODS: We retrospectively studied medical records of all patients with the diagnosis of retrorectal abscesses that underwent transrectal internal abscess drainage in the Department of Colo-proctology of the University Medical Centre Mannheim (2003-2012)...
May 29, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692373/impact-of-smoking-on-anal-abscess-and-anal-fistula-diseases
#2
Li-Hua Zheng, Ao-Zhe Zhang, Yu-Ying Shi, Xin Li, Lan-Si Jia, Cong-Cong Zhi, Qiu-Xiang Yu, Wen Zhang, Yan-Jun Liu, Luan Wang, Dan Xiao, Chen Wang
Background: Several studies have investigated the association between smoking and anal abscess and anal fistula (AA/F) diseases. However, the relationship between cigarette smoking and AA/F remains unclear. This study sought to assess the role of smoking in anorectal male patients in a Chinese population. Methods: In this retrospective study, a questionnaire, including smoking history, was completed over a 3-month period by male inpatients in the Proctology Department of China-Japan Friendship Hospital...
May 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659377/anorectal-complications-in-patients-with-haematological-malignancies
#3
Rafaela V Loureiro, Verónica P Borges, Ana L Tomé, Carlos F Bernardes, Mário J Silva, Maria J Bettencourt
BACKGROUND: Anorectal complications are common in patients with haematological malignancies. OBJECTIVES: The objectives are to characterize anorectal complications in these patients, identify risk factors and shed light on treatment, morbidity and mortality rates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective, observational study that included 83 inpatients with haematological malignancies and proctological symptoms from January 2010 to September 2015 was conducted...
July 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651553/fistulectomy-with-primary-sphincter-reconstruction
#4
Steffen Seyfried, Dieter Bussen, Andreas Joos, Christian Galata, Christel Weiss, Alexander Herold
AIM: Despite modern medical techniques, anatomically proximal (high) anal fistulas are still a challenge in colorectal surgery. In previous years, the standard of care was complete fistulectomy with a high rate of continence disorders. Over the past 20 to 30 years, sphincter-saving procedures have gained wide acceptance. They represent the technique used in these cases. Additionally, many patients received indefinite treatment, namely the placement of a seton to maintain surgical drainage...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618340/3d-high-resolution-anorectal-manometry-in-patients-with-perianal-fistulas-comparison-with-3d-anal-ultrasound
#5
Richelle J F Felt-Bersma, Maarten S Vlietstra, Paul F Vollebregt, Ingrid J M Han-Geurts, Vera Rempe-Sorm, Grietje J H Vander Mijnsbrugge, Charlotte B H Molenaar
BACKGROUND: Perianal fistula surgery can damage the anal sphincters which may cause faecal incontinence. By measuring regional pressures, 3D-HRAM potentially provides better guidance for surgical strategy in patients with perianal fistulas. The aim was to measure regional anal pressures with 3D-HRAM and to compare these with 3D-EUS findings in patients with perianal fistulas. METHODS: Consecutive patients with active perianal fistulas who underwent both 3D-EUS and 3D-HRAM at a clinic specialised in proctology were included...
April 4, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608959/clinical-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-aspects-of-221-consecutive-anorectal-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#6
J Lourtet Hascoet, M Dahoun, M Cohen, E Pommaret, B Pilmis, N Lemarchand, A Mizrahi, M Aubert, V de Parades, A Le Monnier
OBJECTIVES: Proctitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) are known as sexually transmitted infections (STI). This study describes their clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects. METHODS: Between 01/2013-03/2015, all MSM consulting for proctitis at proctology Institute-Saint-Joseph's Hospital, Paris, were included. Demographic, past-medical history, STI status and medical treatment were collected. Detection of CT/NG was performed by Transcription-Mediated Amplification (TMA) and antimicrobial susceptibilities for Ng by agar diffusion method...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525123/treatment-of-fistula-in-ano-with-otsc-%C3%A2-proctology-clip-device-short-term-results
#7
Franco Marinello, Miquel Kraft, Nuria Ridaura, Francesc Vallribera, Eloy Espín
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of anal fistula with the OTSC® (over-the-scope-clip) proctology device involves the placement of an elastic alloy clip called Nitinol on the internal fistula opening to achieve fistula healing. The aim of this study was to analyze preliminary results of this technique in a case series. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent OTSC® clip placement for fistula-in-ano treatment between June 2015 and March 2017 at a specialized colorectal unit...
March 7, 2018: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499172/management-of-common-benign-anorectal-disease-what-all-physicians-need-to-know
#8
REVIEW
David Parés, Herand Abcarian
Benign anorectal conditions produce anal pain, rectal bleeding, or discharge from the perianal region, which are highly prevalent symptoms in the general population. Hemorrhoidal disease, anal fissure, perianal abscess, proctalgia syndromes, and pruritus anii are the most common clinical disorders. Well-trained physicians, irrespective of their specialty, can treat most of these disorders and refer them to a specialist in proctology only when necessary. The aim of this review is to provide a practical guide to the management of benign anorectal disorders in terms of their initial management and the criteria for specialist referral...
February 27, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431149/antiretroviral-therapy-suppresses-rectal-hiv-rna-shedding-despite-inflammation-in-msm-with-rectal-c-trachomatis-and-n-gonorrhoeae-infections-a-cross-sectional-single-center-study
#9
Julian Storim, Jens Verheyen, Eva Wolff, Jeremias Wohlschlaeger, Evelyn Heintschel von Heinegg, Dirk Schadendorf, Stefan Esser
OBJECTIVES: Rectal infections with Chlamydia trachomatis and/or Neisseria gonorrhoeae (CT/NG) are common in men who have sex with men (MSM) and are linked to HIV transmission. However, rectal CT/NG infections are often asymptomatic and it is not known how they contribute to HIV transmission. We assessed clinical and cytological signs of inflammation as well as rectal HIV-RNA in HIV-infected MSM with and without CT/NG infection. METHODS: 112 HIV-positive MSM with or without rectal symptoms and with or without antiretroviral therapy who underwent high-resolution anoscopy (HRA) at the proctological outpatient centre of the University Hospital Essen, Germany, between November 2013 and February 2014 were included in this cross-sectional study...
February 3, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397638/otsc%C3%A2-proctology-vs-fistulectomy-and-primary-sphincter-reconstruction-as-a-treatment-for-low-trans-sphincteric-anal-fistula-in-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#10
Domenico Mascagni, Daniele Pironi, Gianmarco Grimaldi, Anna M Romani, Giuseppe LA Torre, Chiara Eberspacher, Rossella Palma, Salvatore Sorrenti, Stefano Pontone
BACKGROUND: To compare OTSC® Proctology and fistulectomy with primary sphincter reconstruction results as treatment strategies for anorectal low trans-sphincteric fistula. METHODS: Between February 2012 and March 2013, patients affected by trans-sphincteric anal fistula were consecutively enrolled in the trial. Patients were randomized to receive fistulectomy with primary sphincter reconstruction or OTSC® Proctology. Demographic characteristics, comorbodities, previous anorectal treatments, and recurrent fistula data were acquired...
February 1, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210638/medical-applications-of-collagen-and-collagen-based-materials
#11
Anatoly Borisovich Shekhter, Alexey Leonidovich Fayzullin, Marina Nikolaevna Vukolova, Tatyana Georgiyevna Rudenko, Varvara Dmitriyevna Osipycheva, Petr Francevich Litvitsky
Collagen and collagen-based materials have been successfully used in medicine for over 50 years. The number of scientific articles about the role of collagen in the construction of scaffolds for tissue engineering has risen precipitously in recent years. The review contains materials about historic and modern applications of collagen in medicine such as soluble collagen injections, solid constructs reconstructed from solution, and decellularized collagen matrices. The analysis of published data proves the efficacy of collagen material in the treatment of chronic wounds, burns, venous and diabetic ulcers, in plastic, reconstructive and general surgery, urology, proctology, gynecology, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, neurosurgery, dentistry, cardiovascular and bone and cartilage surgery, as well as in cosmetology...
December 5, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186745/-laserhemorrhoidoplasty-with-1470-nm-diode-laser-in-the-treatment-of-second-to-fourth-degree-hemorrhoidal-disease-a-cohort-study-with-497-patients
#12
Guido Weyand, Claudia Susanne Theis, Aboubacar Nzambi Fofana, Felix Rüdiger, Thomas Gehrke
Background Laser haemorrhoidoplasty (LHP) with the 1470 nm diode laser in minimally invasive surgery for advanced haemorrhoid disease has been studied with respect to clinical variables, such as pain and complications, and intraoperative characteristics such as mucopexia, number of treated knots and energy consumed per patient. The study also included patient satisfaction, symptom relevance and cost effectiveness. Patients and Methods Between November 2010 and November 2016, 497 patients (age 55 ± 14 years) were submitted to laser haemorrhoidoplasty with a 1470 nm diode laser in the centre for minimally invasive proctology in Siegen District Hospital...
November 29, 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168646/anal-cytology-histopathology-and-anoscopy-in-an-anal-dysplasia-screening-program-is-anal-cytology-enough
#13
Marco Silva, Armando Peixoto, José Alexandre Sarmento, Rosa Coelho, Guilherme Macedo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The human papilloma virus is the leading cause of anal squamous cell carcinoma. Cytological screening may reduce the associated morbidity and mortality. The aim of the study was to estimate the agreement between anal cytological examination, histopathology and anoscopic visual impression. METHODS: A prospective study of patients who underwent anal dysplasia screening between 2011 and 2015, in a proctology clinic of a tertiary referral center...
February 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080959/short-term-efficacy-and-safety-of-three-novel-sphincter-sparing-techniques-for-anal-fistulae-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
S O Adegbola, K Sahnan, G Pellino, P J Tozer, A Hart, R K S Phillips, J Warusavitarne, O D Faiz
BACKGROUND: The surgical treatment of complex anal fistulae, particularly those involving a significant portion of the anal sphincter in which fistulotomy would compromise continence, is challenging. Video-assisted anal fistula treatment (VAAFT), fistula tract laser closure (FiLaC™) and over-the-scope clip (OTSC® ) proctology system are all novel sphincter-sparing techniques targeted at healing anal fistulae. In this study, all published articles on these techniques were reviewed to determine efficacy, feasibility and safety...
October 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901821/british-surgeon-frederick-salmon-1796-1868-and-his-trans-fixing-pins-and-excision-surgical-procedure-for-the-rectum-prolapsus
#15
Gregory Tsoucalas
Frederick Salmon was born in Bath. From his early career, he was fond of surgery, mostly interested in proctology. He had been specialized in London at St Bartholomew's Hospital. He was the founder of "The Infirmary for the Relief of the Poor Afflicted with Fistula and Other Disease of the Rectum," and the writer of one of the most important surgical treatises, the " Practical Observations on Prolapsus of the Rectum." In this book, Salmon described an innovative operation for procidentia, based on the principle "trans-fixing pins and excision...
September 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884323/-proctology-for-internists
#16
J Feisthammel, J Mössner
In proctology patients can often be helped with very little effort. With knowledge of the most common disease symptoms the treating physician can in many cases correctly recognize the cause of the complaints and initiate the appropriate therapy or arrange referral to a proctological institution. This article aims to briefly and succinctly present the most common diseases in proctology (e.g. mariscae, hemorrhoids, anal fissures, perianal venous thrombosis, abscesses and fistulas, condyloma acuminatum and anal carcinoma) and to provide the treating internist, even outside of gastroenterology, assistance with the management of proctological symptoms...
October 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839437/elaboration-and-validation-of-crohn-s-disease-anoperineal-lesions-consensual-definitions
#17
Clémence Horaist, Vincent de Parades, Laurent Abramowitz, Paul Benfredj, Guillaume Bonnaud, Dominique Bouchard, Nadia Fathallah, Agnès Sénéjoux, Laurent Siproudhis, Ghislain Staumont, Manuelle Viguier, Philippe Marteau
AIM: To establish consensual definitions of anoperineal lesions of Crohn's (APLOC) disease and assess interobserver agreement on their diagnosis between experts. METHODS: A database of digitally recorded pictures of APLOC was examined by a coordinating group who selected two series of 20 pictures illustrating the various aspects of APLOC. A reading group comprised: eight experts from the Société Nationale Française de Colo Proctologie group of study and research in proctology and one academic dermatologist...
August 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712314/angiogenesis-inhibitors-and-symptomatic-anal-ulcers-in-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-patients
#18
Francesca Bergamo, Sara Lonardi, Beatrice Salmaso, Carmelo Lacognata, Francesca Battaglin, Francesco Cavallin, Luca Saadeh, Sabina Murgioni, Antonino Caruso, Camillo Aliberti, Vittorina Zagonel, Carlo Castoro, Marco Scarpa
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis inhibitors are a standard first-line treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer. Anal canal pain is a common adverse event, but its cause has never been described. The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between the use of angiogenesis inhibitors and symptomatic anal ulcer development. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included all 601 consecutive metastatic colorectal cancer patients undergoing first line treatment from January 2010 to June 2016 at the Veneto Institute of Oncology...
March 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703111/clinical-and-microbiological-aspects-of-the-use-of-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-pl1-strains-in-proctological-patients-with-symptoms-of-chronic-proctitis
#19
K Borycka-Kiciak, M Strus, P Pietrzak, K Wawiernia, D Mikołajczyk, M Gałęcka, P Heczko, W Tarnowski
Recurrent proctitis and the symptoms associated therewith pose significant clinical problem in proctological patients. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of the probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus PL1 strain on the clinical presentation and composition of intestinal microbiota in patients with symptoms of proctitis in the course of hemorrhoidal disease and diverticulosis. Material consisted of 24 patients in whom no complete clinical improvement could be obtained after the treatment of the underlying disease...
June 30, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700010/argon-plasma-versus-electrofulguration-in-the-treatment-of-anal-and-perianal-condylomata-acuminata-in-patients-with-acquired-immunodeficiency-virus
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Eduardo Angelo Braga, Gaspar de Jesus Lopes, Sarhan Sydney Saad
Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of anal and perianal condylomata treatment using argon plasma and electrofulguration. Methods: From January 2013 to April 2014, 37 patients with anal and perianal condylomata, who had been diagnosed through proctological examination, oncotic cytology, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and histology, underwent treatment with argon plasma and electrofulguration. The perianal and anal regions were divided into two semicircles. Each semicircle was treated using one of the methods by means of simple randomization...
June 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
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