keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

n acetyl cysteine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819915/suppression-of-methionine-induced-colon-injury-of-young-rats-by-cysteine-and-n-acetyl-l-cysteine
#1
Marija Stojanović, Ljiljana Šćepanović, Dušan Todorović, Dušan Mitrović, Vuk Šćepanović, Radomir Šćepanović, Slobodan Ilić, Teja Šćepanović, Milica Labudović Borović, Živana Milićević, Vesna Dragutinović, Sunčica Borozan, Ivana Lalić, Sanja Despotović, Dragan Djuric
Changes in the methionine metabolism can cause a state called hyperhomocysteinemia, inducing oxidative stress in the gut. The production of free radicals is important in the colon damage caused by methionine. This study aimed at evaluating the effect of the use of L-cysteine and N-acetyl-L-cysteine on the colon morphometry of young rats treated with methionine. A total number of 32 male rats were distributed in a randomized experimental design in 4 groups: control group treated with saline; methionine group; cysteine + methionine group, and N-acetyl-L-cysteine + methionine group...
August 17, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819639/antioxidant-treatment-in-male-mice-prevents-mitochondrial-and-synaptic-changes-in-an-nmda-receptor-dysfunction-model-of-schizophrenia
#2
Aarron Phensy, Christopher Driskill, Karen Lindquist, Lan Guo, Vivek Jeevakumar, Bryan Fowler, Heng Du, Sven Kroener
Glutamate theories of schizophrenia suggest that the disease is associated with a loss of NMDA receptors, specifically on GABAergic parvalbumin-expressing interneurons (PVIs), leading to changes in the excitation-inhibition balance in the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Oxidative stress contributes to the loss of PVI and the development of schizophrenia. Here, we investigated whether the glutathione precursor N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) can prevent changes in synaptic transmission at pyramidal cells and PVIs that result from developmental NMDAR blockade and how these changes are related to mitochondrial dysfunction in the PFCs of mice...
July 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816938/advanced-glycation-end-products-promote-chrebp-expression-and-cell-proliferation-in-liver-cancer-cells-by-increasing-reactive-oxygen-species
#3
Hanbei Chen, Yakui Li, Yemin Zhu, Lifang Wu, Jian Meng, Ning Lin, Dianqiang Yang, Minle Li, WenJin Ding, Xuemei Tong, Qing Su
The aim of the study was to elucidate the mechanism by which advanced glycation end products (AGEs) promote cell proliferation in liver cancer cells.We treated liver cancer HepG2 cells with 200 mg/L AGEs or bovine serum albumin (BSA) and assayed for cell viability, cell cycle, and apoptosis. We performed real-time PCR and Western blot analysis for RNA and protein levels of carbohydrate responsive element-binding protein (ChREBP) in AGEs- or BSA-treated HepG2 cells. We analyzed the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in HepG2 cells treated with AGEs or BSA...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815354/nf-e2-related-factor-2-suppresses-intestinal-fibrosis-by-inhibiting-reactive-oxygen-species-dependent-tgf-%C3%AE-1-smads-pathway
#4
Yadi Guan, Yue Tan, Weiyu Liu, Jun Yang, Dongxu Wang, Di Pan, Yan Sun, Changqing Zheng
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the antifibrotic effects of NF-E2-Related Factor 2 (Nrf2) on intestinal fibrosis. Intestinal fibrosis is a common complication of Crohn's disease; however, its mechanism of intestinal fibrosis is largely unclear. METHODS: BALB/c mice received 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid weekly via intrarectal injections to induce chronic fibrotic colitis. They also diet containing received 1% (w/w) tert-butylhydroquinone (tBHQ), which is an agonist of Nrf2...
August 16, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813624/tp53-mutational-status-and-ros-effect-the-expression-of-the-survivin-associated-radio-adaptive-response
#5
Jeffrey S Murley, Richard C Miller, Ralph R Weichselbaum, David J Grdina
A survivin-associated radio-adaptive response, characterized by increased radiation resistance or sensitization, was induced by exposure to 5 mGy of ionizing radiation and was correlated to the TP53 mutational status of exposed cells. Ten human cancer lines were investigated: colorectal carcinomas HCT116 and RKO [TP53 wild-type (WT)] and their respective TP53 null isogenic lines; breast adenocarcinomas MCF7 (TP53 WT) and MDA-MB-231 (TP53 Mut); lung carcinomas A549 (TP53 WT) and NCI-H1975 (TP53 Mut); and pancreatic carcinomas Hs766T (TP53 WT) and Panc-1 (TP53 Mut)...
August 16, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812231/the-neuroprotective-effect-of-conditioned-medium-from-human-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-is-impaired-by-n-acetyl-cysteine-supplementation
#6
Teodoro Palomares, María Cordero, Cristina Bruzos-Cidon, María Torrecilla, Luisa Ugedo, Ana Alonso-Varona
Oxidative stress is a common feature in neurodegenerative diseases associated with neuroinflammation, and therefore, has been proposed as a key target for novel therapies for these diseases. Recently, adipose-derived stem cell (ASC)-based cell therapy has emerged as a novel strategy for neuroprotection. In this study, we evaluate the therapeutic role of ASC-conditioned medium (ASC-CM) against H2O2-induced neurotoxicity in a new in vitro model of ec23/brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-differentiated human SH-SY5Y neuron-like cells (SH-SY5Yd)...
August 15, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811603/2-4-6-trinitrotoluene-induces-apoptosis-via-ros-regulated-mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-hepg2-and-hep3b-cells
#7
Hung-Yu Liao, Chih-Ming Kao, Chao-Ling Yao, Po-Wei Chiu, Chun-Chen Yao, Ssu-Ching Chen
2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) has been reported to cause numerous adverse effects. However, the detailed molecular mechanisms underlying TNT-induced liver toxicity need to be elucidated. In this study, we used HepG2 (p53wt) and Hep3B (p53null) cell lines to investigate the cytotoxic effects of TNT. At first, we found that TNT significantly decreased cell viability and induced DNA damage. Thereafter, through transcriptomic analysis, we observed that the diverse biological functions affected included mitochondrial dysfunction and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810523/reactive-oxygen-species-mediated-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-p38-feedback-loop-implicated-in-proliferation-inhibition-of-hfls-ra-cells-induced-by-1-7-dihydroxy-3-4-dimethoxyxanthone
#8
Jian Zuo, De-Yu Dou, Hui-Fang Wang, Yan-Hong Zhu, Yan Li, Jia-Jie Luan
1,7-Dihydroxy-3,4-dimethoxyxanthone (XAN) is a bioactive compound isolated from Securidaca inappendiculata Hassk. and exerts the inhibitory effects on fibroblast-like synoviocytes by targeting NF-κB and p38. This study was designed to elucidate mechanisms underlying the divergent regulation on the two pathways in HFLS-RA cells by XAN. Expressions of hallmark proteins and transcription of GADD45α mRNA were determined by Western-blot and RT-qPCR methods, respectively. Fluorescence staining was employed to evaluate intracellular oxidative stress...
August 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807874/docosahexaenoic-acid-increases-the-expression-of-oxidative-stress-induced-growth-inhibitor-1-through-the-pi3k-akt-nrf2-signaling-pathway-in-breast-cancer-cells
#9
Chia-Han Tsai, You-Cheng Shen, Haw-Wen Chen, Kai-Li Liu, Jer-Wei Chang, Pei-Yin Chen, Chen-Yu Lin, Hsien-Tsung Yao, Chien-Chun Li
Oxidative stress-induced growth inhibitor 1 (OSGIN1), a tumor suppressor, inhibits cell proliferation and induces cell death. N-6 and n-3 PUFAs protect against breast cancer, but the molecular mechanisms of this effect are not clear. We investigated the effect of n-6 and n-3 PUFAs on OSGIN1 expression and whether OSGIN1 is involved in PUFA-induced apoptosis in breast cancer cells. We used 100 μM of n-6 PUFAs including arachidonic acid, linoleic acid, and gamma-linolenic acid and n-3 PUFAs including alpha-linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)...
August 11, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801613/selective-effects-of-non-thermal-atmospheric-plasma-on-triple-negative-breast-normal-and-carcinoma-cells-through-different-cell-signaling-pathways
#10
Yuan Liu, Sheng Tan, Hao Zhang, Xiangjun Kong, Lili Ding, Jie Shen, Yan Lan, Cheng Cheng, Tao Zhu, Weidong Xia
Non-thermal atmospheric plasma (NTP) has shown its selective anticancer effects in many types of tumors in vitro and one of the main mechanisms is that the different increase of intracellular ROS in cancer and homologous normal cells. In this study, we report that NTP treatment reduces the proliferation in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) and normal cell lines. Simultaneously, STAT3 pathway is inhibited by NTP effects. However, it is observed that normal cells MCF10A are more sensitive to ROS toxicity induced by NTP than cancer cells MDA-MB-231...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801533/glibenclamide-induces-apoptosis-by-activating-reactive-oxygen-species-dependent-jnk-pathway-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#11
Bin Yan, Zhiyong Peng, Xiao Xing, Du Chunling
Glibenclamide (Gli) is a widely employed drug in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and many lines of evidence has described its anti-tumoral effects in some neoplasms. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of Gli on apoptosis of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and to analyze the underlying pathway involved in this action. Two HCC cell lines, HepG-2 and Huh7 were used as the cell models. We found that Gli treatment significantly inhibited cell viability, induced a significant cell-cycle arrest in G2/M phase and induced apoptosis in both HepG-2 and Huh7 cells...
August 11, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801140/the-therapeutic-effects-of-longikaurin-a-a-natural-ent-kauranoid-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-depend-on-ros-accumulation-and-jnk-p38-mapk-activation
#12
Yun Che, Jingnan Wang, Zuyang Yuan, Yuan Li, Zhiliang Lu, Zhirong Zhang, Jinyao Zhang, Jun Wan, Handong Sun, Zhaoli Chen, Jianxin Pu, Jie He
Effective treatments for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), one of the most common cancers in China, are lacking. Longikaurin A (LK-A), an ent-kauranoid diterpenoid isolated from Isodon ternifolius, has been shown to have potent cytotoxic effects on ESCC cells both in vivo and in vitro, mainly by inducing apoptosis. In this study, LK-A inhibited ESCC cells viability and induced G2/M cell cycle arrest. Moreover, LK-A was also highly effective in a KYSE-30 xenograft nude mouse model. Treatment with Z-VAD(OMe)-FMK partially attenuated LK-A-induced apoptosis...
August 8, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798231/p2x7-receptor-antagonism-prevents-il-1%C3%AE-release-from-salivary-epithelial-cells-and-reduces-inflammation-in-a-mouse-model-of-autoimmune-exocrinopathy
#13
Mahmoud G Khalafalla, Lucas T Woods, Jean M Camden, Aslam A Khan, Kirsten H Limesand, Michael J Petris, Laurie Erb, Gary A Weisman
Salivary gland inflammation is a hallmark of Sjogrens syndrome (SS), a common autoimmune disease characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the salivary gland and loss of saliva secretion, predominantly in women. The P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) is an ATP-gated non-selective cation channel that induces inflammatory responses in cells and tissues, including salivary gland epithelium. In immune cells, P2X7R activation induces the production of proinflammatory cytokines, including IL-1β and IL-18, by inducing the oligomerization of the multiprotein complex NLRP3-type inflammasome...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795692/the-novel-resveratrol-derivative-3-5-diethoxy-3-4-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene-induces-mitochondrial-ros-mediated-er-stress-and-cell-death-in-human-hepatoma-cells-in-vitro
#14
Jae-Woo Park, Woo-Gyun Choi, Phil-Jun Lee, Su-Wol Chung, Byung-Sam Kim, Hun-Taeg Chung, Sungchan Cho, Jong-Heon Kim, Byoung-Heon Kang, Hyoungsu Kim, Hong-Pyo Kim, Sung-Hoon Back
Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a well-known polyphenol that is present in grapes, peanuts, pine seeds, and several other plants. Resveratrol exerts deleterious effects on various types of human cancer cells. Here, we analyzed the cell death-inducing mechanisms of resveratrol-006 (Res-006), a novel resveratrol derivative in human liver cancer cells in vitro. Res-006 was more effectively suppressed the viability of HepG2 human hepatoma cells than resveratrol (the IC50 values were 67.2 and 354...
August 10, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782507/mapk-jnk1-activation-protects-cells-against-cadmium-induced-autophagic-cell-death-via-differential-regulation-of-catalase-and-heme-oxygenase-1-in-oral-cancer-cells
#15
Keum-Young So, Sang-Hun Kim, Ki-Tae Jung, Hyun-Young Lee, Seon-Hee Oh
Antioxidant enzymes are related to oral diseases. We investigated the roles of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and catalase in cadmium (Cd)-induced oxidative stress and the underlying molecular mechanism in oral cancer cells. Exposing YD8 cells to Cd reduced the expression levels of catalase and superoxide dismutase 1/2 and induced the expression of HO-1 as well as autophagy and apoptosis, which were reversed by N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC). Cd-exposed YD10B cells exhibited milder effects than YD8 cells, indicating that Cd sensitivity is associated with antioxidant enzymes and autophagy...
August 4, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780423/cinnamic-acid-derivatives-inhibit-hepatitis-c-virus-replication-via-the-induction-of-oxidative-stress
#16
Ryota Amano, Atsuya Yamashita, Hirotake Kasai, Tomoka Hori, Sayoko Miyasato, Setsu Saito, Hiromasa Yokoe, Kazunori Takahashi, Tomohisa Tanaka, Teruhime Otoguro, Shinya Maekawa, Nobuyuki Enomoto, Masayoshi Tsubuki, Kohji Moriishi
Several cinnamic acid derivatives have been reported to exhibit antiviral activity. In this study, we prepared 17 synthetic cinnamic acid derivatives and screened them to identify an effective antiviral compound against hepatitis C virus (HCV). Compound 6, one of two hit compounds, suppressed the viral replications of genotypes 1b, 2a, 3a, and 4a with EC50 values of 1.5-8.1 μM and SI values of 16.2-94.2. The effect of compound 6 on the phosphorylation of Tyr(705) in signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) was investigated because a cinnamic acid derivative AG490 was reported to suppress HCV replication and the activity of Janus kinase (JAK) 2...
August 2, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771210/coral-derived-natural-marine-compound-gb9-impairs-vascular-development-in-zebrafish
#17
Yi-Chun Song, Bao-Jueng Wu, Chien-Chih Chiu, Chun-Lin Chen, Jun-Qing Zhou, Shuo-Rong Liang, Chang-Yih Duh, Ping-Jyun Sung, Zhi-Hong Wen, Chang-Yi Wu
Blood vessels in vertebrates are established and genetically controlled in an evolutionarily-conserved manner during embryogenesis. Disruption of vascular growth by chemical compounds or environmental hormones may cause developmental defects. This study analyzed the vascular impacts of marine compound GB9 in zebrafish. GB9 was isolated from the marine soft coral Capnella imbricata and had shown anti-neuroinflammatory and anti-nociceptive activities. However, the role of GB9 on vascular development has not been reported...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770700/detection-of-necroptosis-in-ligand-mediated-and-hypoxia-induced-injury-of-hepatocytes-using-a-novel-optic-probe-detecting-receptor-interacting-protein-rip-1-rip3-binding
#18
Sanae Haga, Akira Kanno, Takeaki Ozawa, Naoki Morita, Mami Asano, Michitaka Ozaki
Liver injury is often observed in various pathological conditions including posthepatectomy state and cancer chemotherapy. It occurs mainly as a consequence of the combined necrotic and apoptotic types of cell death. In order to study liver/hepatocyte injury by necrotic type of cell death, we studied signal-regulated necrosis (necroptosis) by newly developing an optic probe detecting receptor-interacting protein (RIP)1/RIP3 binding, an essential process for necroptosis induction. In the mouse hepatocyte cell line, TIB-73 cells, TNF-a/cycloheximide (T/C) induced RIP1/3 binding only when caspase activity was suppressed by z-VAD-fmk (zVAD), a caspase-specific inhibitor...
July 21, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770235/respiratory-muscle-dysfunction-in-animal-models-of-hypoxic-disease-antioxidant-therapy-goes-from-strength-to-strength
#19
REVIEW
Ken D O'Halloran, Philip Lewis
The striated muscles of breathing play a critical role in respiratory homeostasis governing blood oxygenation and pH regulation. Upper airway dilator and thoracic pump muscles retain a remarkable capacity for plasticity throughout life, both in health and disease states. Hypoxia, whatever the cause, is a potent driver of respiratory muscle remodeling with evidence of adaptive and maladaptive outcomes for system performance. The pattern, duration, and intensity of hypoxia are key determinants of respiratory muscle structural-, metabolic-, and functional responses and adaptation...
2017: Hypoxia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769771/upregulation-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-in-primary-cultured-rat-astrocytes-induced-by-2-chloroethanol-via-mapk-signal-pathways
#20
Tong Wang, Yingjun Liao, Qi Sun, Hongge Tang, Gaoyang Wang, Fenghong Zhao, Yaping Jin
2-Chloroethanol (2-CE) is one of the reactive metabolites of 1,2-DCE in vivo, which might contribute to brain edema formation induced by 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-DCE) poisoning. Thus, the purpose of this study was to explore the roles of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal pathways in upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in 2-CE exposed rat astrocytes. Expression of p38 MAPK (p38), extracellular signal regulated protein kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and MMP-9 at both protein and gene levels in rat astrocytes were determined using western blot and real-time RT-PCR methods...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
53626
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"