Read by QxMD icon Read


Shuangxi Liu, Yan Gao, Xiaoli Yu, Baoming Zhao, Lu Liu, Yin Zhao, Zhenzhao Luo, Jing Shi
Annexin-1 (ANXA1) has shown neuroprotective effects and microglia play significant roles during central nervous system injury, yet the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study sought to determine whether ANXA1 regulates microglial response to oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) treatment and to clarify the downstream molecular mechanism. In rat hippocampal slices, OGD/R treatment enhanced the ANXA1 expression in neuron, the formyl peptide receptor (FPRs) expression in microglia, and the microglial activation in the CA1 region (cornu ammonis 1)...
October 22, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jong-Chan Park, Sung Hoon Baik, Sun-Ho Han, Hyun Jin Cho, Hyunjung Choi, Haeng Jun Kim, Heesun Choi, Wonik Lee, Dong Kyu Kim, Inhee Mook-Jung
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is composed of brain capillary endothelial cells and has an important role in maintaining homeostasis of the brain separating the blood from the parenchyma of the central nervous system (CNS). It is widely known that disruption of the BBB occurs in various neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Annexin A1 (ANXA1), an anti-inflammatory messenger, is expressed in brain endothelial cells and regulates the BBB integrity. However, its role and mechanism for protecting BBB in AD have not been identified...
September 16, 2016: Aging Cell
Jimin Shin, In-Sung Song, Jhang Ho Pak, Sung-Wuk Jang
Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a critical step in the metastasis of epithelial cancer cells. Butyrate, which is produced from dietary fiber by colonic bacterial fermentation, has been reported to influence EMT. However, some studies have reported that butyrate promotes EMT, while others have reported an inhibitory effect. To clarify these controversial results, it is necessary to elucidate the mechanism by which butyrate can influence EMT. In this study, we examined the potential role of annexin A1 (ANXA1), which was previously reported to promote EMT in breast cancer cells, as a mediator of EMT regulation by butyrate...
September 10, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Miriam Ries, Rodrigo Loiola, Urvi N Shah, Steve M Gentleman, Egle Solito, Magdalena Sastre
BACKGROUND: The toxicity of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide present in the brain of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients is thought to be mediated via the increased secretion of pro-inflammatory mediators, which can lead to neuronal dysfunction and cell death. In addition, we have previously shown that inflammation can affect Aβ generation. More recently, we have reported that in vitro administration of the anti-inflammatory mediator Annexin A1 (ANXA1) following an inflammatory challenge suppressed microglial activation and this effect was mediated through formyl peptide receptor-like 1 (FPRL1/FPR2) signalling...
2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Xing Li, Yin Zhao, Qian Xia, Lu Zheng, Lu Liu, Baoming Zhao, Jing Shi
Previous data have suggested that the nuclear translocation of annexin 1 (ANXA1) is involved in neuronal apoptosis after ischemic stroke. As the mechanism and function of ANXA1 nuclear migration remain unclear, it is important to clarify how ANXA1 performs its role as an apoptosis 'regulator' in the nucleus. Here we report that importazole (IPZ), an importin β (Impβ)-specific inhibitor, decreased ANXA1 nuclear accumulation and reduced the rate of neuronal death induced by nuclear ANXA1 migration after oxygen-glucose deprivation-reoxygenation (OGD/R)...
2016: Cell Death & Disease
Arulkumar Nagappan, Venu Venkatarame Gowda Saralamma, Gyeong Eun Hong, Ho Jeong Lee, Sung Chul Shin, Eun Hee Kim, Won Sup Lee, Gon Sup Kim
Citrus platymamma Hort. ex Tanaka (Byungkyul in Korean) has been used in Korean folk medicine for the treatment of inflammatory disorders and cancer. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the anticancer properties of flavonoids isolated from C. platymamma (FCP) remains to be elucidated. Therefore, the present study attempted to identify the key proteins, which may be important in the anticancer effects of FCP on A549 cells using a proteomic approach. FCP showed a potent cytotoxic effect on the A549 human lung cancer cells, however, it had no effect on WI‑38 human fetal lung fibroblasts at the same concentrations...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Abbas Kiani-Esfahani, Sedigheh Kazemi Sheykhshabani, Maryam Peymani, Motahare-Sadat Hashemi, Kamran Ghaedi, Mohammad Hossein Nasr-Esfahani
OBJECTIVE: Annexin A1 (ANXA1) is suggested to have anti-inflammatory function. However, the precise function of ANXA1 has remained unclear. In this study, we therefore examined the potency of ANXA1 in regulating reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and suppressing pro-inflammatory responses in PC12 cells induced by 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, cDNA of ANXA1 was cloned and inserted to the PGL268 pEpi-FGM18F vector to produce a recombinant PGL/ANXA1 vector for transfection into the PC12 cells...
July 2016: Cell Journal
Angela A S Sena, Tiffany Glavan, Guochun Jiang, Sumathi Sankaran-Walters, Irina Grishina, Satya Dandekar, Luiz R Goulart
HIV-1 disease progression is paradoxically characterized by systemic chronic immune activation and gut mucosal immune dysfunction, which is not fully defined. Annexin A1 (ANXA1), an inflammation modulator, is a potential link between systemic inflammation and gut immune dysfunction during the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection. Gene expression of ANXA1 and cytokines were assessed in therapy-naïve rhesus macaques during early and chronic stages of SIV infection and compared with SIV-negative controls...
2016: Scientific Reports
Thomas Gobbetti, Sadani N Cooray
Inflammation is essential to protect the host from exogenous and endogenous dangers that ultimately lead to tissue injury. The consequent tissue repair is intimately associated with the fate of the inflammatory response. Restoration of tissue homeostasis is achieved through a balance between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory/pro-resolving mediators. In chronic inflammatory diseases such balance is compromised, resulting in persistent inflammation and impaired healing. During the last two decades the glucocorticoid-regulated protein Annexin A1 (AnxA1) has emerged as a potent pro-resolving mediator acting on several facets of the innate immune system...
October 1, 2016: Biological Chemistry
Z Zou, D Zuo, J Yang, H Fan
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) arises when intestinal immune homeostasis is broken, the maintenance of such homeostasis is principally controlled by cross talk between commensal bacteria, mucosal immune cells and intestinal epithelial cells (IECs). IECs can prevent the contact between luminal bacteria with immune cells through the formation of a physical barrier and the expression of antimicrobial peptides to maintain intestinal immune homeostasis. During Colitis the IECs can express increased ANXA1, which is important for regeneration of intestinal mucosa and function as a potent anti-inflammatory protein...
September 9, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Baoming Zhao, Jing Wang, Lu Liu, Xing Li, Shuangxi Liu, Qian Xia, Jing Shi
Annexin A1 (ANXA1) is a protein known to have multiple roles in the regulation of inflammatory responses. In this study, we find that after oxygen glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (ODG/R) injury, activated PKC phosphorylated ANXA1 at the serine 27 residue (p27S-ANXA1), and promoted the translocation of p27S-ANXA1 to the nucleus of BV-2 microglial cells. This in turn induced BV-2 microglial cells to produce large amounts of pro-inflammatory cytokines. The phenomenon could be mimicked by either transfecting a mutant form of ANXA1 with its serine 27 residue converted to aspartic acid, S27D, or by using the PKC agonist, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) in these microglial cells...
2016: Scientific Reports
Raffaella Belvedere, Valentina Bizzarro, Giovanni Forte, Fabrizio Dal Piaz, Luca Parente, Antonello Petrella
Annexin A1 (ANXA1) is a Ca(2+)-binding protein over-expressed in pancreatic cancer (PC). We recently reported that extracellular ANXA1 mediates PC cell motility acting on Formyl Peptide Receptors (FPRs). Here, we describe other mechanisms by which intracellular ANXA1 could mediate PC progression. We obtained ANXA1 Knock-Out (KO) MIA PaCa-2 cells using the CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing technology. LC-MS/MS analysis showed altered expression of several proteins involved in cytoskeletal organization. As a result, ANXA1 KO MIA PaCa-2 partially lost their migratory and invasive capabilities with a mechanism that appeared independent of FPRs...
2016: Scientific Reports
Marina de Paula-Silva, Bibiana Elisabeth Barrios, Lisa Macció-Maretto, Angela Aparecida Sena, Sandra Helena Poliselli Farsky, Silvia Graciela Correa, Sonia Maria Oliani
TNF-α is involved in the mechanisms that initiate inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). Anti-TNF-α drugs, such as infliximab (IFX), cause non-responsiveness and side effects, indicating the need to investigate alternative therapies for these diseases. The anti-inflammatory protein, annexin A1 (AnxA1), has been associated with the protection of the gastrointestinal mucosa. To further address the role of endogenous AnxA1 on the TNF-α blockade efficacy in a murine model, we assessed colitis induced by Dextran Sulfate Sodium (DSS) in wild-type (WT) and AnxA1(-/-) Balb/c mice treated with IFX...
September 1, 2016: Biochemical Pharmacology
Akshada Gajbhiye, Raju Dabhi, Khushman Taunk, Garikapati Vannuruswamy, Sourav RoyChoudhury, Ragini Adhav, Shubhendu Seal, Anupama Mane, Santhakumari Bayatigeri, Manas K Santra, Koel Chaudhury, Srikanth Rapole
Globally, breast cancer is the second most common cancer among women. Although biomarker discoveries through various proteomic approaches of tissue and serum samples have been studied in breast cancer, urinary proteome alterations in breast cancer are least studied. Urine being a noninvasive biofluid and a significant source of proteins, it has the potential in early diagnosis of breast cancer. This study used complementary quantitative gel-based and gel-free proteomic approaches to find a panel of urinary protein markers that could discriminate HER2 enriched (HE) subtype breast cancer from the healthy controls...
September 2016: Proteomics
Thomas Grewal, Sundeep J Wason, Carlos Enrich, Carles Rentero
Annexins are a highly conserved protein family that bind to phospholipids in a calcium (Ca2+) - dependent manner. Studies with purified annexins, as well as overexpression and knockdown approaches identified multiple functions predominantly linked to their dynamic and reversible membrane binding behavior. However, most annexins are found at multiple locations and interact with numerous proteins. Furthermore, similar membrane binding characteristics, overlapping localizations and shared interaction partners have complicated identification of their precise functions...
October 1, 2016: Biological Chemistry
Marilia Freitas Calmon, Laura Sichero, Enrique Boccardo, Luisa Lina Villa, Paula Rahal
Annexin 1 (ANXA1) is a substrate for E6AP mediated ubiquitylation. It has been hypothesized that HPV 16 E6 protein redirects E6AP away from ANXA1, increasing its stability and possibly contributing to viral pathogenesis. We analyzed ANXA1 expression in HPV-positive and negative cervical carcinoma-derived cells, in cells expressing HPV-16 oncogenes and in cells transduced with shRNA targeting E6AP. We observed that ANXA1 protein expression increased in HPV-16-positive tumor cells, in keratinocytes expressing HPV-16 E6wt (wild-type) or E6/E7 and C33 cells expressing HPV-16 E6wt...
September 2016: Virology
Jia-Rong Gao, Xiu-Juan Qin, Hui Jiang, Ting Wang, Jun-Mei Song, Shuang-Zhi Xu
BACKGROUND: Chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN) is the most common form of the glomerular disease with unclear molecular mechanisms, which related to immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to characterize differentially expressed genes in the normal and adriamycin-induced CGN rats by microarray analysis, and to determine the potential molecular mechanisms of CGN pathogenesis. METHODS: For the gene expression analysis, fresh glomerular tissues from both normal and adriamycin treated rats (n=4, respectively) were collected...
September 1, 2016: Gene
Gabriela Bueno Franco-Salla, Janesly Prates, Laila Toniol Cardin, Anemari Ramos Dinarte Dos Santos, Wilson Araújo da Silva, Bianca Rodrigues da Cunha, Eloiza Helena Tajara, Sonia Maria Oliani, Flávia Cristina Rodrigues-Lisoni
BACKGROUND: Some plants had been used in the treatment of cancer and one of these has attracted scientific interest, the Euphorbia tirucalli (E. tirucalli), used in the treatment of asthma, ulcers, warts has active components with activities scientifically proven as antimutagenic, anti-inflammatory and anticancer. METHODS: We evaluate the influence of the antitumoral fraction of the E. tirucalli latex in the larynx squamous cell carcinoma (Hep-2), on the morphology, cell proliferation and gene expression...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Erika Vacchelli, David P Enot, Federico Pietrocola, Laurence Zitvogel, Guido Kroemer
Pattern recognition receptors allow the innate immune system to perceive the presence of microbial products and to launch the first steps of the defense response. Some pattern recognition receptors also sense endogenous ligands that are released from uninfected dying cells, thereby activating immune responses against dead-cell antigens. This applies to toll-like receptors 3 and 4 (TLR3, TLR4), which sense double-stranded RNA and high-mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1), respectively, as well as to formyl peptide receptor-1 (FPR1), which interacts with Annexin A1 (ANXA1) from dead cells...
June 1, 2016: Cancer Research
Sandra Kreft, Andreas R Klatt, Julia Straßburger, Ernst Pöschl, Rod J Flower, Sabine Eming, Chris Reutelingsperger, Alain Brisson, Bent Brachvogel
Skin injury induces the cell surface exposure of phosphatidylserine (PS) on damaged and dying cells to activate coagulation and repair processes. Annexins can bind to PS and may modulate the healing response. Here, we determine the relevance of annexins for skin wound healing using AnxA1- and AnxA5-deficient mice and recombinant annexins with distinct PS binding properties. Wound inflammation, closure and the formation of granulation tissue were not altered in AnxA1- or AnxA5-deficient mice or after increasing AnxA5 serum concentrations (100 nM) in wild-type mice...
2016: Cells, Tissues, Organs
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"