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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092422/international-consensus-principles-for-ethical-wildlife-control
#1
Sara Dubois, Nicole Fenwick, Erin A Ryan, Liv Baker, Sandra E Baker, Ngaio J Beausoleil, Scott Carter, Barbara Cartwright, Federico Costa, Chris Draper, John Griffin, Adam Grogan, Gregg Howald, Bidda Jones, Kate E Littin, Amanda T Lombard, David J Mellor, Daniel Ramp, Catherine A Schuppli, David Fraser
Human-wildlife conflicts are commonly addressed by excluding, relocating, or lethally controlling animals with the goal of preserving public health and safety, protecting property, or conserving other valued wildlife. However, declining wildlife populations, a lack of efficacy of control methods in achieving desired outcomes, and changes in how people value animals have triggered widespread acknowledgment of the need for ethical and evidence-based approaches to managing such conflicts. We explored international perspectives on and experiences with human-wildlife conflicts to develop principles for ethical wildlife control...
January 16, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091551/reversible-martensitic-transformation-under-low-magnetic-fields-in-magnetic-shape-memory-alloys
#2
N M Bruno, S Wang, I Karaman, Y I Chumlyakov
Magnetic field-induced, reversible martensitic transformations in NiCoMnIn meta-magnetic shape memory alloys were studied under constant and varying mechanical loads to understand the role of coupled magneto-mechanical loading on the transformation characteristics and the magnetic field levels required for reversible phase transformations. The samples with two distinct microstructures were tested along the [001] austenite crystallographic direction using a custom designed magneto-thermo-mechanical characterization device while carefully controlling their thermodynamic states through isothermal constant stress and stress-varying magnetic field ramping...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091447/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-a-patient-with-a-resected-right-temporomandibular-joint
#3
M Dincel, H Kocaağaoğlu, H Ö Gümüş, H Albayrak
This case report presents the prosthodontic rehabilitation of a patient with a resected right mandible, caused by an accident. Right condyle, ramus, and the posterior part of ramus were affected by the accident. These structures were resected, and the mandible was positioned toward the surgical area and a facial asymmetry was occurred. The patient was treated with a bar-retained maxillar denture with a guide ramp and an implant-supported fixed mandibular prosthesis.
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089564/cardiorespiratory-fitness-after-transient-ischemic-attack-and-minor-ischemic-stroke-baseline-data-of-the-moveit-study
#4
H Myrthe Boss, IngerA Deijle, SanderM Van Schaik, EdwinC de Melker, BobT J van den Berg, HenryC Weinstein, MirjamI Geerlings, L Jaap Kappelle, RenskeM Van den Berg-Vos
BACKGROUND: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is reduced in patients with stroke. It is unclear whether it is also reduced in patients with a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or minor stroke. We investigated the CRF in patients with a recent TIA or minor stroke and explored which determinants are associated with a lower fitness. METHODS: In 113 patients with a recent TIA or minor ischemic stroke (64 (SD = 10) years of age; 49 (IQR 27-86) days post TIA or stroke), the peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) was determined in a symptom-limited ramp exercise test...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089359/transient-and-long-time-kinetic-responses-of-the-cadaveric-leg-during-internal-and-external-foot-rotation
#5
Alexander R Mait, Adwait Mane, Jason L Forman, John Paul Donlon, Bingbing Nie, Richard W Kent
The purpose of this study was to determine the long-time and transient characteristics of the moment generated by external (ER) and internal (IR) rotation of the calcaneus with respect to the tibia. Two human cadaver legs were disarticulated at the knee joint while maintaining the connective tissue between the tibia and fibula. An axial rotation of 21° was applied to the proximal tibia to generate either ER or IR while the fibula was unconstrained and the calcaneus was permitted to translate in the transverse plane...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079730/biomechanical-comparison-of-cadaveric-and-commercially-available-synthetic-osteoporotic-bone-analogues-in-a-locked-plate-fracture-model-under-torsional-loading
#6
Edward H Becker, Hyunchul Kim, Michael Shorofsky, Adam H Hsieh, Jeffrey D Watson, Robert V O'Toole
OBJECTIVES: Biomechanical studies of osteoporotic bone have used synthetic models rather than cadaveric samples because of decreased variability, increased availability, and overall ease of use of synthetic models. We compared the torsional mechanical properties of cadaveric osteoporotic bone with those of currently available synthetic osteoporotic bone analogues. METHODS: We tested 12 osteoporotic cadaveric humeri and 6 specimens each of 6 types of synthetic analogues...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079072/physiology-how-alcohol-ramps-up-hunger-signals
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075500/very-short-short-term-benefit-of-inpatient-outpatient-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery
#8
Dejan Spiroski, Mojsije Andjić, Olivera Ilić Stojanović, Milica Lazović, Ana Djordjević Dikić, Miodrag Ostojić, Branko Beleslin, Snežana Kostić, Marija Zdravković, Dragan Lović
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based rehabilitation is an important part of treatment patients following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate effect of very short/short-term exercise training on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) parameters. METHODS: We studied 54 consecutive patients with myocardial infarction (MI) treated with CABG surgery referred for rehabilitation. The study population consisted of 50 men and 4 women (age 57...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075035/direct-observations-of-nanofilament-evolution-in-switching-processes-in-hfo2-based-resistive-random-access-memory-by-in-situ-tem-studies
#9
Chao Li, Bin Gao, Yuan Yao, Xiangxiang Guan, Xi Shen, Yanguo Wang, Peng Huang, Lifeng Liu, Xiaoyan Liu, Junjie Li, Changzhi Gu, Jinfeng Kang, Richeng Yu
Resistive switching processes in HfO2 are studied by electron holography and in situ energy-filtered imaging. The results show that oxygen vacancies are gradually generated in the oxide layer under ramped electrical bias, and finally form several conductive channels connecting the two electrodes. It also shows that the switching process occurs at the top interface of the hafnia layer.
January 11, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073898/two-stage-isothermal-enzymatic-amplification-for-concurrent-multiplex-molecular-detection
#10
Jinzhao Song, Changchun Liu, Michael G Mauk, Shelley C Rankin, James B Lok, Robert M Greenberg, Haim H Bau
BACKGROUND: The wide array of pathogens responsible for infectious diseases makes it difficult to identify causative pathogens with single-plex tests. Although multiplex PCR detects multiple targets, it is restricted to centralized laboratories, which delays test results or makes multiplexing unavailable, depriving healthcare providers of critical, real-time information. METHODS: To address the need for point-of-care (POC) highly multiplexed tests, we propose the 2-stage, nested-like, rapid (<40 min) isothermal amplification assay, dubbed rapid amplification (RAMP)...
January 10, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072813/a-case-report-on-red-ear-syndrome-with-tinnitus-successfully-treated-with-transcranial-random-noise-stimulation
#11
Peter M Kreuzer, Veronika Vielsmeier, Timm B Poeppl, Berthold Langguth
BACKGROUND: The red ear syndrome represents a rare symptom complex consisting of auricular erythema associated with painful and burning sensations. It has been described in combination with tinnitus rarely. It has been hypothesized to be etiologically related to altered trigeminal afferent input, temporomandibular disorders, and thalamic dysfunction. OBJECTIVES: The initial objective of applying transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) in a case of red ear syndrome in combination with tinnitus was the alleviation of the phantom sounds...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072648/locking-cap-designs-improve-fatigue-properties-of-polyaxial-screws-in-upper-extremity-applications
#12
Surena Namdari, Samir Mehta, Ann Tierney, Michael W Hast
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine fatigue characteristics of two polyaxial locking screw designs: locking cap (LC) and cross-threaded (CT). The goal was to compare LC and CT implants at 0, 10, and 15 degrees of angulation to determine the effect of locking mechanism on screw-plate interface failure. The hypothesis was LC implants would have superior fatigue properties in comparison to CT designs and that increased angulation of the screw would have a negative impact on the fatigue life of CT implants, but would not have any effect on LC implants...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071707/the-content-of-imagined-sounds-changes-visual-motion-perception-in-the-cross-bounce-illusion
#13
Christopher C Berger, H Henrik Ehrsson
Can what we imagine hearing change what we see? Whether imagined sensory stimuli are integrated with external sensory stimuli to shape our perception of the world has only recently begun to come under scrutiny. Here, we made use of the cross-bounce illusion in which an auditory stimulus presented at the moment two passing objects meet promotes the perception that the objects bounce off rather than cross by one another to examine whether the content of imagined sound changes visual motion perception in a manner that is consistent with multisensory integration...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069680/medication-errors-associated-with-transition-from-insulin-pens-to-insulin-vials
#14
Adam N Trimble, Bryan Bishop, Nancy Rampe
PURPOSE: Three insulin administration errors that occurred after a hospital's transition from insulin pens to vials are described, and process improvement initiatives implemented to prevent future errors are reviewed. SUMMARY: In response to numerous reports and warnings related to the risk of insulin pen sharing, a 450-bed community hospital made a transition from insulin pens to insulin vials. Shortly after this transition, three major medication errors involving insulin occurred...
January 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068656/mechanisms-of-improved-exercise-performance-under-hyperoxia
#15
Silvia Ulrich, Elisabeth D Hasler, Séverine Müller-Mottet, Stephan Keusch, Michael Furian, Tsogyal D Latshang, Simon Schneider, Stéphanie Saxer, Konrad E Bloch
BACKGROUND: The impact of hyperoxia on exercise limitation is still incompletely understood. OBJECTIVES: We investigated to which extent breathing hyperoxia enhances the exercise performance of healthy subjects and which physiologic mechanisms are involved. METHODS: A total of 32 healthy volunteers (43 ± 15 years, 12 women) performed 4 bicycle exercise tests to exhaustion with ramp and constant-load protocols (at 75% of the maximal workload [Wmax] on FiO2 0...
January 10, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067331/observation-of-transient-overcritical-currents-in-ybco-thin-films-using-high-speed-magneto-optical-imaging-and-dynamic-current-mapping
#16
Frederick S Wells, Alexey V Pan, Igor A Golovchanskiy, Sergey A Fedoseev, Anatoly Rozenfeld
The dynamics of transient current distributions in superconducting YBa2Cu3O7-δ thin films were investigated during and immediately following an external field ramp, using high-speed (real-time) Magneto-Optical Imaging and calculation of dynamic current profiles. A number of qualitatively unique and previously unobserved features are seen in this novel analysis of the evolution of supercurrent during penetration. As magnetic field ramps up from zero, the dynamic current profile is characterized by strong peaks, the magnitude of which exceed the conventional critical current density (as determined from static current profiles)...
January 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066528/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-hill-assessment-index-hai-and-stair-assessment-index-sai-in-high-functioning-transfemoral-amputees
#17
M Jason Highsmith, Jason T Kahle, Brian Kaluf, Rebecca M Miro, Larry J Mengelkoch, Tyler D Klenow
The hill assessment index (HAI) and stair assessment index (SAI) were developed to objectively evaluate ramp and stair gait. This study's purpose was to determine the validity and reliability of these tests in a sample of persons with unilateral transfemoral amputation (TFA) using microprocessor prosthetic knee systems. All subjects were fit with a microprocessor knee system. After accommodation, subjects performed three trials ascending and descending a 5° ramp and a flight of stairs while being recorded on video...
September 2016: Technology and Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066523/effects-of-the-genium-microprocessor-knee-system-on-knee-moment-symmetry-during-hill-walking
#18
M Jason Highsmith, Tyler D Klenow, Jason T Kahle, Matthew M Wernke, Stephanie L Carey, Rebecca M Miro, Derek J Lura
Use of the Genium microprocessor knee (MPK) system reportedly improves knee kinematics during walking and other functional tasks compared to other MPK systems. This improved kinematic pattern was observed when walking on different hill conditions and at different speeds. Given the improved kinematics associated with hill walking while using the Genium, a similar improvement in the symmetry of knee kinetics is also feasible. The purpose of this study was to determine if Genium MPK use would reduce the degree of asymmetry (DoA) of peak stance knee flexion moment compared to the C-Leg MPK in transfemoral amputation (TFA) patients...
September 2016: Technology and Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065396/inhaled-corticosteroid-dose-response-in-asthma-should-we-measure-inflammation
#19
William J Anderson, Philip M Short, Sunny Jabbal, Brian J Lipworth
BACKGROUND: Inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) titration in asthma is primarily based on symptoms and pulmonary function. ICSs may not be increased on this basis despite residual airway inflammation. OBJECTIVE: To compare the dose-response relationships of ICSs on measures of pulmonary function, symptoms, and inflammation in patients with persistent asthma. METHODS: We performed a pooled post hoc analysis of 121 patients with mild to moderate asthma from 4 randomized clinical trials that incorporated an ICS dose ramp...
January 3, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064100/evaluating-the-effects-of-supplemental-rest-areas-on-freeway-crashes-caused-by-drowsy-driving
#20
Soyoung Jung, Shinhye Joo, Cheol Oh
To prevent crashes caused by drowsy driving, supplemental rest areas have been installed in the South Korean freeway system to allow road users to rest. These supplemental rest areas are very small-sized resting facilities located between the larger regular rest areas, which is a unique design. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the supplemental rest areas on reducing crashes caused by drowsy driving. Between 2011 and 2012, supplemental rest areas were first installed in the Gyeongbu Freeway, which was selected as the study area for this study...
January 5, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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