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Visceral manifold

Suzanne L Doyle, Claire L Donohoe, Joanne Lysaght, John V Reynolds
This paper presents emerging evidence linking visceral adiposity and the metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) with carcinogenesis. The link between obesity and cancer has been clearly identified in a multitude of robust epidemiological studies. Research is now focusing on the role of visceral adipose tissue in carcinogenesis; as it is recognised as an important metabolic tissue that secretes factors that systemically alter the immunological, metabolic and endocrine milieu. Excess visceral adipose tissue gives rise to a state of chronic systemic inflammation with associated insulin resistance and dysmetabolism, collectively known as the MetSyn...
February 2012: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
Erik J Giltay, Louis J G Gooren
Testosterone is an important hormone involved in sexual arousal, and, indeed, a profound reduction of testosterone levels may be helpful in controlling sexual impulses in sex offenders. Earlier thought of as a sex hormone only, testosterone has been increasingly shown to have manifold actions in the adult male. Normal adult levels of androgens are required for the health of bones, a large number of metabolic functions, mood, erythropoiesis, sebaceous gland activity of the skin, and several other functions. Severe androgen deficiency is associated with pathologies of these biological systems...
2009: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Karen M Downs
Oct-3/4 was localized to the mouse conceptus between the onset of gastrulation and 16-somite pairs (-s; approximately 6.5-9.25 days postcoitum, dpc). Results revealed Oct-3/4 in a continuum of morphologically distinct epiblast-derived embryonic and extraembryonic tissues. In the allantois, distal-to-proximal diminution in the Oct-3/4 domain over time and co-localization with Flk-1 in angioblasts accorded with a role in vascular differentiation and the presence of a stem cell reservoir. In addition, visceral endoderm exhibited a dynamic salt-and-pepper distribution, which, combined with previous results of fate mapping and gene expression, suggested that Oct-3/4 is involved in the genesis of definitive endoderm...
February 2008: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
M T Muñoz-Yagüe, J C Marín, F Colina, C Ibarrola, G López-Alonso, M A Martín, J A Solís-Herruzo
Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is an uncommon syndrome characterized by relapsing episodes suggesting intestinal obstruction during which no mechanical causes are identified to account for symptoms. Etiologic factors may be manifold. Among them a number of neurologic conditions, gastrointestinal smooth muscle myopathies, endocrino-metabolic and autoimmune diseases, and the use of selected drugs stand out. We report a case of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction originating in a sporadic, primary intestinal myopathy that corresponds to no type thus far described...
April 2006: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
N Steele, J Zekri, R Coleman, R Leonard, K Dunn, A Bowman, I Manifold, I Kunkler, O Purohit, D Cameron
Exemestane is a potent steroidal aromatase inhibitor (AI) with activity in post-menopausal women with metastatic breast cancer, with a reported clinical benefit (CB) rate of 24.3% after prior AI therapy. Data on 114 patients (112 female, 2 male) were obtained retrospectively at two cancer centres. Sixty-five percent of patients were confirmed as oestrogen receptor (ER) positive. All patients had received prior third-generation AI therapy. Responses were seen in 5% and the overall CB rate (CR+PR+SD24 weeks) was 46%...
June 2006: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
V Fendrich, D K Bartsch, P Langer, A Zielke, M Rothmund
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Most insulinomas are solitary, benign and functional neuroendocrine pancreatic tumors which give rise to manifold symptoms. Their preoperative localization is often unclear, but the cure rate after their excision is very high. It was the aim of this study to analyse and evaluate our group of patients with regard to preoperative tumor localization and overall surgical results. METHODS: Data were collected as part of prospective observations and retrospective evaluation of all patients treated for insulinoma between 1987 and 2003 at the department of visceral- thoracic- and vascular surgery at the Philipps University of Marburg...
April 23, 2004: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
M J Hilz, H Marthol, B Neundörfer
Syncope is defined as a temporary interruption of cerebral perfusion with a sudden and transient loss of consciousness and spontaneous recovery. Approximately one third of the population experiences syncope at least once during a lifetime. Presyncopal signs and symptoms, including weakness, headache, blurred vision, diaphoresis, nausea, and vomiting are sometimes present for seconds or minutes prior to loss of consciousness. After syncope, the patients may present with persisting drowsiness, headache, dizziness, nausea, but not usually confusion...
February 2002: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
S M Shamsuzzaman, Y Hashiguchi
In this study, an attempt was made to evaluate the usefulness of selective enzymes in the identification of Leishmania spp causing anthroponotic leishmaniasis in Asia, especially from a cost effectiveness point of view. For this purpose cellulose acetate electrophoresis was carried out to identify the Leishmania species of the Old World. After analyzing 11 enzymes 6PGDH was found to be the most polymorphic enzyme which could distinguish the WHO reference strains of the Leishmania species endemic in Asian countries like L...
December 1999: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
E Lang, P Kupfer
Physiology of pain is a manifold and very complex phenomenon that is far from being understood. It cannot be explained without reference to psychosocial conditions. Pain has the function of a warning system, but the system is far from perfect, because a number of chronic diseases (e.g., arterial hypertension or malignant neoplasms) begin slowly and nearly painless. The role of pain in internal medicine will be exemplified by thoracic and abdominal pain. With regard to diagnoses both types of pain represent ambiguous symptoms...
September 1995: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
B Balestra
A well documented and histologically proven case of cholesterol embolism is discussed, and the recent literature is reviewed. This disorder is usually underdiagnosed and commonly detected only at autopsy. Elderly people with atherosclerotic vascular disease are predominantly affected. Cholesterol embolization can occur spontaneously, but it often results from medical interventions such as arterial invasive procedures, vascular surgery, anticoagulation or thrombolytic therapy. Clinical manifestations are manifold, and two distinct patterns are generally observed: a mild peripheral cutaneous form and a severe visceral form that frequently mimics other systemic diseases...
May 10, 1994: Schweizerische Rundschau Für Medizin Praxis, Revue Suisse de Médecine Praxis
M Zalis, C L Jaffe
This paper describes a simple method for carrying out dot-blot immunoassays simultaneously with a large number of different sera. No dot-blot manifold is necessary, only a modified 96-well flat-bottom microtiter plate. This apparatus is re-usable, inexpensive and especially suited for field testing of patient sera in serodiagnostic assays. One application of this technique, to the serodiagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis on a pure parasite protein, is demonstrated.
August 3, 1987: Journal of Immunological Methods
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