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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779316/-the-necessity-of-artificial-kidney-seeper-in-the-ultrasonography-guided-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-a-randomized-controlled-study
#1
J J Ye, Y Yang, H J Zhang, Y C Zheng, Y Pan, H Xie
Objective: To investigate the necessity of artificial kidney seeper which made through inserting a ureteral tube in the ureter to the ultrasonography-guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Methods: This was a randomized prospective study. Patients who conformed to the inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled at Department of Urology, Frist Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from January 2016 to May 2017. Totally 291 patients were included in the study. Patients were randomly assigned into two groups (artificial kidney seeper group and non-artificial kidney seeper group) in different kidney seeper level (5 to <10 mm, 10 to 20 mm) respectively...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773631/draft-genome-sequence-of-staphylococcus-microti-dsm-22147-isolated-from-the-common-vole
#2
XinJun Hu, Yibing Shang, Jing Guo, Huping Zhang, Yalin Liang, Jifeng Sun, Feng Yue
Staphylococcus microti DSM 22147 was isolated from viscera of common voles ( Microtus arvalis Pallas) with generalized Brucella microti infection in the Czech Republic. To the best of our knowledge, the genome sequence of the species S. microti has not been previously studied. The complete genome sequence of strain DSM 22147 includes a genome of 2,381,859 bp (38.0% GC content) without any plasmids.
May 17, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770658/-a-case-control-study-on-risk-factors-of-cystic-echinococcosis-in-humans-in-tibetan-areas
#3
Wu Wen-Ting, Wu Wei-Ping, Guan Ya-Yi, Han Shuai, Xue Chui-Zhao, Wang Xu, Liu Bai-Xue
OBJECTIVE: To understand the risk factors of cystic echinococcosis in Tibetan population, so as to provide the reference for development of prevention and control strategies. METHODS: Four cystic echinococcosis highly-prevalent townships were selected from Naqu County of Tibet and Shiqu County of Sichuan Province, which had similar environmental and altitude conditions, from August to September, 2017. Applying the 1∶1 case-control study, a household survey was conducted to investigate the risk factors of echinococcosis in humans...
April 16, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759595/her2-positive-lobular-versus-ductal-carcinoma-of-the-breast-pattern-of-first-recurrence-and-molecular-insights
#4
Lucia Da Ros, Anna Moretti, Patrizia Querzoli, Massimo Pedriali, Laura Lupini, Cristian Bassi, Paolo Carcoforo, Massimo Negrini, Antonio Frassoldati
BACKGROUND: Infiltrating lobular carcinoma (ILC) represents about 10% of breast cancer and rarely shows overexpression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). We compared biological and clinical characteristics of HER2-positive ILC versus HER2-positive infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 328 patients with HER2-positive pure ductal or lobular breast carcinoma, comparing clinical and biological data at diagnosis as well as outcome between the 2 histologies...
April 18, 2018: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758498/accumulation-elimination-and-neuro-oxidative-damage-under-lanthanum-exposure-in-glass-eels-anguilla-anguilla
#5
Cátia Figueiredo, Tiago F Grilo, Clara Lopes, Pedro Brito, Mário Diniz, Miguel Caetano, Rui Rosa, Joana Raimundo
Rare earth elements (REEs) comprise elements from lanthanum to lutetium that together with yttrium and scandium are emergent contaminants of critical importance for numerous groundbreaking environmental technologies. Transfer to aquatic ecosystems is expected to increase, however, little information is known about their potential impacts in marine biota. Considering the endangered conservation status of the European eel (Anguilla anguilla) and the vulnerability of early fish life stages to contaminants, we exposed glass eels, through water, to an environmentally relevant concentration (120 ng...
May 7, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757662/a-review-of-the-surgical-management-of-perineal-hernias-in-dogs
#6
Sukhjit Singh Gill, Robert D Barstad
Perineal hernia refers to the failure of the muscular pelvic diaphragm to support the rectal wall, resulting in herniation of pelvic and, occasionally, abdominal viscera into the subcutaneous perineal region. The proposed causes of pelvic diaphragm weakness include tenesmus associated with chronic prostatic disease or constipation, myopathy, rectal abnormalities, and gonadal hormonal imbalances. The most common presentation of perineal hernia in dogs is a unilateral or bilateral nonpainful swelling of the perineum...
May 14, 2018: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750927/frozen-elephant-trunk-for-acute-type-b-dissection-involving-the-distal-arch-in-the-hybrid-repair-era
#7
Rui-Dong Qi, Jun-Ming Zhu, Yong-Min Liu, Lei Chen, Cheng-Nan Li, Xiao-Yan Xing, Nan Zhang, Li-Zhong Sun
BACKGROUND: Hybrid repair of complicated acute type B aortic dissection(ATBAD) with aortic arch involvement is associated with a high rate of endoleak, stroke, and retrograde aortic dissection. Optimal management of this lesion remains uncertain. In this hybrid repair era, surgical results of ATBAD with distal aortic arch involvement using a frozen elephant trunk(FET) procedure with left subclavian artery(LSCA)-left common carotid artery(LCCA) transposition is reported. METHODS: From April 2011 to April 2016, 53 patients with complicated ATBAD with distal aortic arch involvement underwent a FET procedure with LSCA-LCCA transposition...
May 8, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747460/tissue-distribution-and-elimination-of-ciguatoxins-in-tridacna-maxima-tridacnidae-bivalvia-fed-gambierdiscus-polynesiensis
#8
Mélanie Roué, Hélène Taiana Darius, André Ung, Jérôme Viallon, Manoella Sibat, Philipp Hess, Zouher Amzil, Mireille Chinain
Ciguatera is a foodborne disease caused by the consumption of seafood contaminated with ciguatoxins (CTXs). Ciguatera-like poisoning events involving giant clams ( Tridacna maxima ) are reported occasionally from Pacific islands communities. The present study aimed at providing insights into CTXs tissue distribution and detoxification rate in giant clams exposed to toxic cells of Gambierdiscus polynesiensis , in the framework of seafood safety assessment. In a first experiment, three groups of tissue (viscera, flesh and mantle) were dissected from exposed individuals, and analyzed for their toxicity using the neuroblastoma cell-based assay (CBA-N2a) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analyses...
May 10, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746746/prevalence-of-anemia-and-consumption-of-iron-rich-food-groups-in-mexican-children-and-adolescents-ensanut-mc-2016
#9
Vanessa De la Cruz-Góngora, Salvador Villalpando, Teresa Shamah-Levy
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of anemia and con-sumption of iron rich groups among Mexican children and adolescents who participated in the Halfway National Health and Nutrition Survey, 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study sample included children and adolescents who provided full capillary hemoglobin data. Anemia was defined accord-ing to WHO criteria. Logistic regression models were used to explore the association among consumption of iron-rich food groups, sociodemographic characteristics and anemia...
May 2018: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746656/dietary-d-xylose-effects-on-growth-performance-portal-nutrient-fluxes-and-energy-expenditure-in-growing-pigs
#10
Atta K Agyekum, Maria C Walsh, Elijah Kiarie, Jason S Sands, Charles Martin Nyachoti
Xylanase is commonly added to pig diets rich in arabinoxylans to promote nutrient utilization and growth. However, high doses of xylanase could release high amounts of xylose in the upper gut, which could have negative nutritional and metabolic implications. However, the amount of xylose to elicit such adverse effects is not clear. Thus, two experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of dietary xylose on the growth performance and portal-drained viscera (PDV) fluxes of glucose (GLU), urea-N (BUN), insulin production, and O2 consumption in growing pigs...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738847/ethnopharmacological-uses-phytochemistry-biological-activities-and-therapeutic-applications-of-alpinia-oxyphylla-miquel-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Qiao Zhang, Yunliang Zheng, Xingjiang Hu, Xiaolong Hu, Wenwen Lv, Duo Lv, Jinjin Chen, Minglan Wu, Qichao Song, Jianzhong Shentu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL USAGES: Fructus Alpiniae oxyphyllae (A. oxyphylla) is an important medicinal plant that is used not only as an edible fruit, but also as an important traditional medicine for benefiting cognitive performance and alleviating a wide spectrum of diseases. Such as; warming kidney, securing essence and arresting polyuria, as well as warming the spleen and stopping diarrhea and saliva. AIMS: The purpose of this review is to provide updated, comprehensive and categorized information on the traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological research of A...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727452/antigen-b-from-echinococcus-granulosus-enters-mammalian-cells-by-endocytic-pathways
#12
Edileuza Danieli da Silva, Martin Cancela, Karina Mariante Monteiro, Henrique Bunselmeyer Ferreira, Arnaldo Zaha
BACKGROUND: Cystic hydatid disease is a zoonosis caused by the larval stage (hydatid) of Echinococcus granulosus (Cestoda, Taeniidae). The hydatid develops in the viscera of intermediate host as a unilocular structure filled by the hydatid fluid, which contains parasitic excretory/secretory products. The lipoprotein Antigen B (AgB) is the major component of E. granulosus metacestode hydatid fluid. Functionally, AgB has been implicated in immunomodulation and lipid transport. However, the mechanisms underlying AgB functions are not completely known...
May 4, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726665/-protective-effect-of-qilin-pills-on-the-reproductive-function-of-oligoasthenospermia-rats
#13
Kai-Shu Zhang, Fang Zhou, Qi An, Yan-Fei Jia, Long-Long Fu, Wen-Hong Lu, Xiao-Wei Liang, Xue-Jun Shang, Yi-Qun Gu
Objective: To study the protective effect of Qilin Pills (QLP) on the reproductive function of rats with oligoasthenospermia (OAS) induced by tripterygium glycosides. METHODS: Twenty-eight male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal control, an OAS model control, a low-dose QLP, and a high-dose QLP group of equal number. OAS models were made in the latter three groups by intragastrical administration of tripterygium glycosides at 40 mg per kg of the body weight per day, and meanwhile the animals in the low- and high-dose QLP groups were treated with QLP at 1...
September 2017: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722097/productive-and-economic-parameters-of-pigs-supplemented-from-weaning-to-finishing-with-prebiotic-and-probiotic-feed-additives
#14
Néstor Méndez-Palacios, Maximino Méndez-Mendoza, Felicitas Vázquez-Flores, José G Castro-Colombres, J Efrén Ramírez-Bribiesca
Practical evidence suggests possible beneficial effects with the combined use of prebiotics and probiotics which can improve production parameters. The objective of the study was to investigate the addition of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (SC) as prebiotic and the combination of Lactobacillus spp. (L), Bacillus spp. (B) as probiotics on productive parameters and economic feasibility. Four hundred male pigs, hybrids of commercial genetic lines (Pietrain), were used: T1 = control group, T2 = 4 kg/tonne SC, T3 = 0...
May 3, 2018: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715632/acute-waterborne-cadmium-toxicity-in-the-estuarine-pulmonate-mud-snail-amphibola-crenata
#15
Nuwan A L De Silva, Islay D Marsden, Sally Gaw, Chris N Glover
Freshwater pulmonate snails are sensitive to trace metals, but to date, the sensitivity of estuarine pulmonate snails to these important environmental toxicants is undescribed. Using the estuarine mud snail Amphibola crenata, effects of a 48-h exposure to waterborne cadmium (Cd) were investigated. The 48-h median lethal concentration (LC50 ) was 50.4 mg L-1 , a value higher than that previously reported for any gastropod mollusc. Cadmium levels in the tissues of mud snails were highest in the viscera (digestive gland and gonad), with the foot muscle and remaining tissue compartment (kidney, mantle, remaining digestive tissues and heart) displaying significantly lower concentrations...
April 28, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705903/cadmium-bioaccumulation-and-antioxidant-enzyme-activity-in-hepatopancreas-kidney-and-stomach-of-invasive-apple-snail-pomacea-canaliculata
#16
Fei Huang, Li Peng, Jiaen Zhang, Weipeng Lin, Shaohua Chen
The acute toxicity of Cd was tested, and metal bioaccumulation in tissue was determined for the alien invasive species Pomacea canaliculata and its native competitor Sinotaia quadrata under experimental conditions. The invasive species was more tolerant to Cd toxicity than native species, for which the LC50 values were 4.26, 2.24, and 1.98 mg/L at exposure times of 48, 72, and 96 h, respectively, approximately three times higher than those of the native snails. The viscera accumulated the highest Cd concentration, followed by the foot and shell in both species...
April 29, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703035/radiological-features-of-azygos-and-hemiazygos-continuation-of-inferior-vena-cava-a-case-report
#17
Yin Liu, Dan Guo, Jie Li, Xuebin Zhang, Jian He, Mei Huang, Jinghong Dai, Hourong Cai
RATIONALE: Azygos and hemiazygos continuation of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is uncommon. It is rare especially when it is not associated with congenital heart disease or deep venous thrombosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report an interesting case of an interstitial lung disease with an interrupted IVC with azygous and hemiazygos continuation. A 67-year-old man suffered from cough and shortness of breath. DIAGNOSES: Computed tomography revealed absence of the hepatic segment of the IVC with azygos and hemiazygos continuation...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702987/eletromyography-of-abdominal-muscles-in-different-physical-exercises-an-update-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Thiago Montes Fidale, Felipe Farnesi Ribeiro Borges, Leonardo Roever, Gilmar da Cunha Souza, Alexandre Gonçalves, Eduardo Paul Chacur, Cristhyano Pimenta, Eduardo Gasparetto Haddad, Guilherme Gularte de Agostini, Fábio Clemente Gregório, Fabrício Cardoso Ribeiro Guimarães, Franciel José Arantes, Lázaro Antônio Dos Santos, Adriano Alves Pereira, Hanna Karen Moreira Antunes, Guilherme Morais Puga, Frederico Balbino Lizardo
BACKGROUND: The abdominal muscles are extremely important because they are directly involved in the functions of support, containment of viscera, and help in the process of expiration, defecation, urination, vomiting, and also at the time of childbirth. Many exercises and equipment are used to strengthen the abdominal muscles, and the workouts are proposed for a variety of purposes, such as preventing and rehabilitating low back pain, improving sports performance, achieving aesthetic standards, among others...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695930/management-of-hemorrhage-in-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Qi Liu, Fanmin Kong, Jianping Zhou, Ming Dong, Qi Dong
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are relatively common mesenchymal tumors. They originate from the wall of hollow viscera and may be found in any part of the digestive tract. The prognosis of patients with stromal tumors depends on various risk factors, including size, location, presence of mitotic figures, and tumor rupture. Emergency surgery is often required for stromal tumors with hemorrhage. The current literature suggests that stromal tumor hemorrhage indicates poor prognosis. Although the optimal treatment options for hemorrhagic GISTs are based on surgical experience, there remains controversy with regard to optimum postoperative management as well as the classification of malignant potential...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695579/superficial-spreading-type-gastric-cancer-with-situs-inversus-totalis
#20
Tsutomu Namikawa, Sachi Tsuda, Kazune Fujisawa, Jun Iwabu, Sunao Uemura, Shigehiro Tsujii, Hiromichi Maeda, Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Michiya Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Hanazaki
Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a congenital anomaly characterized by a complete mirror-image transposition of the thoracic and abdominal viscera. We report on a rare case of superficial spreading gastric cancer associated with SIT in a 66-year-old woman referred to our hospital for examination of gastric cancer initially diagnosed by medical check-up. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed a slightly depressed lesion in the lesser curvature side of the stomach. Abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed complete transposition of the abdominal viscera, confirming SIT...
May 2018: In Vivo
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