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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918753/neonatal-intestinal-obstruction-associated-with-situs-inversus-totalis-two-case-reports-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
Rahul Gupta, Varsha Soni, Prakash Devidas Valse, Ram Babu Goyal, Arun Kumar Gupta, Praveen Mathur
BACKGROUND: The association of neonatal intestinal obstruction with situs inversus totalis is extremely rare with only few cases reported in the literature to date. This association poses dilemmas in management. We present two such cases (of Indian origin), and briefly discuss the pertinent literature and measures to prevent unfavorable outcome. CASE PRESENTATION: Case 1: a 1-month-old preterm (1300 g) male neonate belonging to Hindu (Indian) ethnicity presented with recurrent bile-stained vomiting, non-passage of stools and epigastric fullness...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911668/determination-of-multiresidue-analysis-of-%C3%AE-agonists-in-muscle-and-viscera-using-liquid-chromatograph-tandem-mass-spectrometry-with-quick-easy-cheap-effective-rugged-and-safe-methodologies
#2
Yen-Ping Lin, Ying-Lin Lee, Chien-Ya Hung, Wen-Jeng Huang, Sheng-Che Lin
The official analytical method of the Taiwan Food and Drug Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare for testing for veterinary drug residues in foods is the multiresidue analysis of β-agonists. Samples are pretreated through liquid-liquid extraction and solid-phase extraction. This method is time consuming and requires the intensive use of solvents. To improve analytical efficiency and reduce costs, our study incorporated QuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe) techniques to establish a new method of multiresidue analysis of β-agonists in animal muscle and viscera...
April 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905283/chrysotile-effects-on-the-expression-of-anti-oncogene-p53-and-p16-and-oncogene-c-jun-and-c-fos-in-wistar-rats-lung-tissues
#3
Yan Cui, Yuchan Wang, Jianjun Deng, Gongli Hu, Faqin Dong, Qingbi Zhang
Chrysotile is the most widely used form of asbestos worldwide. China is the world's largest consumer and second largest producer of chrysotile. The carcinogenicity of chrysotile has been extensively documented, and accumulative evidence has shown that chrysotile is capable of causing lung cancer and other forms of cancer. However, molecular mechanisms underlying the tumorigenic effects of chrysotile remained poorly understood. To explore the carcinogenicity of chrysotile, Wistar rats were administered by intratracheal instillation (by an artificial route of administration) for 0, 0...
September 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904561/understanding-mind-body-interaction-from-the-perspective-of-east-asian-medicine
#4
Ye-Seul Lee, Yeonhee Ryu, Won-Mo Jung, Jungjoo Kim, Taehyung Lee, Younbyoung Chae
OBJECTIVE: Attempts to understand the emotion have evolved from the perspective of an independent cognitive system of the mind to that of an interactive response involving the body. This study aimed to quantify and visualize relationships between different emotions and bodily organ systems from the perspective of East Asian medicine. METHODS: Term frequency-inverse document frequency (tf-idf) method was used to quantify the significance of Five Viscera and the gallbladder relative to seven different emotions through the classical medical text of DongUiBoGam...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901960/sudden-death-in-an-adult-due-to-nontraumatic-diaphragmatic-hernia
#5
Hideaki Kato, Yasuhiro Aoki, Jun Ohtaki, Yoshimi Nakamura, Mohammed Hassan Gaballah, Mamiko Fukuta, Katsumasa Kobayashi
Sudden death due to diaphragmatic hernia in an adult is exceptionally rare. A 43-year-old man was found dead by his cohabiting mother, lying supine on the floor in his house. He had complained of epigastric discomfort for 1 month, and respiratory symptoms occurred 1 day before his death. He had no history of trauma. Postmortem computed tomography scan revealed the enlarged fluid-filled stomach herniated into the left pleural cavity, compressing the left lung with a mediastinal shift to the right. At autopsy, the left pleural cavity was occupied by herniated abdominal contents with mediastinal shift...
September 9, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898314/-associated-factors-to-non-operative-management-failure-of-hepatic-and-splenic-lesions-secondary-to-blunt-abdominal-trauma-in-children
#6
Adriana Echavarria Medina, Carlos Hernando Morales Uribe, Luis Guillermo Echavarria R, Viviana María Vélez Marín, Jorge Alberto Martínez Montoya, David Fernando Aguillón
INTRODUCTION: The non operative management (NOM) is the standard management of splenic and liver blunt trauma in pediatric patients.Hemodynamic instability and massive transfusions have been identified as management failures. Few studies evaluate whether there exist factors allowing anticipation of these events. The objective was to identify factors associated with the failure of NOM in splenic and liver injuries for blunt abdominal trauma. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Retrospective analysis between 2007-2015 of patients admitted to the pediatric surgery at University Hospital Saint Vincent Foundation with liver trauma and/or closed Spleen...
2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892998/role-of-multi-detector-ct-mdct-in-evaluation-of-bowel-diseases
#7
Mohamad Tufail Sheikh, Mohd Tafazul Sheikh, Masrat Jan, Hayat A Khan, Guru P Vashisht, Mohd L Wani
INTRODUCTION: Multi-Detector Computed Tomography (MDCT) has revealed excellent results in various systems of the body. Its role in abdominal imaging for solid viscera has been proved beyond doubt. It is an emerging non invasive tool for evaluation of bowel diseases. AIM: To see the efficacy of MDCT in evaluation of various bowel diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out in the Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Batra Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Delhi, India...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882968/rectosigmoidian-involvement-in-advanced-stage-ovarian-cancer-intraoperative-decisions
#8
Nicolae Bacalbasa, Irina Balescu, Simona Dima
BACKGROUND/AIM: Ovarian cancer remains one of the most commonly encountered malignancies affecting women worldwide, that is unfortunately commonly diagnosed in advanced stages of the disease. In these stages, the tumoral process usually involves the surrounding viscera throughout contiguity or induces the apparition of distant metastases via peritoneal, lymphatic or hematogenous spread, multiple resections being needed in order to achieve a good control of the disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the present study, we present a case series of 12 patients in whom various surgical procedures on the rectosigmoidian loop were performed in order to achieve debulking surgery to no residual disease...
September 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880495/case-report-of-perineal-hernia-after-laparoscopic-abdominoperineal-resection
#9
Kumpei Honjo, Kazuhiro Sakamoto, Shunsuke Motegi, Ryoichi Tsukamoto, Shinya Munakata, Kiichi Sugimoto, Hirohiko Kamiyama, Makoto Takahashi, Yutaka Kojima, Tetsu Fukunaga, Yoshiaki Kajiyama, Seiji Kawasaki
Perineal hernia (PH) is a rare complication following laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection (APR) for rectal cancer. We present a case report of perineal hernia after laparoscopic APR and discuss its management. The patient was a 77-year-old man who was diagnosed with lower rectal cancer. He underwent laparoscopic APR and bilateral lateral lymph node dissection. Two months after the surgery, pain and bulging in the perineal region developed, and PH was diagnosed by CT. Repair with a polypropylene mesh was performed using a combination of laparoscopic abdominal and transperineal approaches...
September 7, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879597/prenatal-congenital-vertical-talus-rocker-bottom-foot-a-marker-for-multisystem-anomalies
#10
Eva I Rubio, Nimisha Mehta, Anna R Blask, Dorothy I Bulas
BACKGROUND: Congenital vertical talus is a rare foot anomaly characterized by a prominent calcaneus and rigid forefoot dorsiflexion. While congenital vertical talus has been associated with anomalies such as trisomy 18, myelomeningocele and arthrogryposis, postnatal series have reported cases of isolated congenital vertical talus. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to determine the incidence of isolated congenital vertical talus prenatally and identify the most common anomalies associated with this finding...
September 6, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877577/a-case-of-pentastomiasis-at-the-left-maxilla-bone-in-a-patient-with-thyroid-cancer
#11
Eunae Sandra Cho, Seung Wook Jung, Hwi-Dong Jung, In Yong Lee, Tai-Soon Yong, Su Jin Jeong, Hyun Sil Kim
Pentastomiasis, a zoonotic parasite infection, is typically found in the respiratory tract and viscera of the host, including humans. Here, we report for the first time an extremely rare case of intraosseous pentastomiasis in the human maxilla suffering from medication related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). A 55-year-old male had continuously visited the hospital for MRONJ which had primarily developed after bisphosphonate and anti-neoplastic administration for previous bone metastasis of medullary thyroid cancer...
August 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873590/in-silico-analysis-and-molecular-docking-study-of-angiotensin-i-converting-enzyme-inhibitory-peptides-from-smooth-hound-viscera-protein-hydrolysates-fractionated-by-ultrafiltration
#12
Ola Abdelhedi, Rim Nasri, Letica Mora, Mourad Jridi, Fidel Toldrá, Moncef Nasri
Smooth-hound viscera hydrolysates (SHVHs) were prepared by treatment with Neutrase (SHVH-N) and Purafect (SHVH-P). Hydrolysates were then separated according to their molecular weight, using the ultra-filtration membrane system, into 5 fractions (≥50, 50-5, 5-3, 3-1 and ≤1kDa). Fractions showed different amino acid compositions and angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory potentials. The SHVH-P-FV (≤1kDa) and SHVH-N-FIV (3-1kDa) fractions showed the best ACE-inhibitory activities with IC50 values of 53...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867279/investigating-hominin-carnivory-in-the-okote-member-of-koobi-fora-kenya-with-an-actualistic-model-of-carcass-consumption-and-traces-of-butchery-on-the-elbow
#13
Stephen R Merritt
Previous zooarchaeological analysis at Koobi Fora indicates that Okote Member hominins were the primary agents of bone assemblage formation, gained early access to large and small mammal flesh, and consumed both high- and low-ranked carcass parts. The discovery of additional butchered specimens prompted the re-analysis presented here of three large and well-preserved zooarchaeological assemblages from the Okote member, GaJi14, FwJj14N and FwJj14S, to revisit paleoecological hypotheses about tool-assisted carnivory...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866044/investigation-of-the-preventive-effect-of-sijunzi-decoction-on-mitomycin-c-induced-immunotoxicity-in-rats-by-1-h-nmr-and-ms-based-untargeted-metabolomic-analysis
#14
Zhibo Guan, Juan Wu, Cancan Wang, Fang Zhang, Yinan Wang, Miao Wang, Min Zhao, Chunjie Zhao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sijunzi decoction (SJZD) is a well known traditional Chinese prescription used for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders and immunity enhancement. It has been found to indeed improve life quality of chemotherapy patients and extensive used in clinical conbined with chemotherapeutics for the treatment of cancer. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to investigate the preventive effect of the immunotoxicity of SJZD on mitomycin C (MMC) and the metabolic mechanism of action...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856845/latif-s-point-a-new-point-for-veress-needle-insertion-for-pneumoperitoneum-in-difficult-laparoscopy
#15
Mohamed E Abd Ellatif, Wagih M Ghnnam, Ashraf Abbas, Magdy Basheer, Ibrahim Dawoud, Ramadan Ellaithy
INTRODUCTION: Creating pneumoperitoneum is the most challenging step during laparoscopy. The periumbilical area is the classic site for Veress needle insertion. We adopted a new access point for peritoneal insufflation. METHODS: We introduced a new point for Veress needle insertion to create pneumoperitoneum during difficult laparoscopic procedures. The needle is placed between the xiphoid process and the right costal margin, and it then proceeds toward the patient's right axilla...
August 30, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846982/mir-200a-modulates-tgf-%C3%AE-1-induced-endothelial-to-mesenchymal-shift-via-suppression-of-grb2-in-haecs
#16
Hao Zhang, Jianguo Hu, Liming Liu
Endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) is closely associated with embryogenesis, injury restitution, tissue neogenesis, tumor progressions and viscera fibrosis. EndMT may occur in the proximal tubular endothelial cells, inducing fibroblasts to produce matrix and then accelerating the process of cardiac fibrosis. Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), a profibrotic cytokine, was recently shown to be a crucial trigger of EndMT in tubular endothelial cells. Increasing evidence suggests that growth factor receptor-bound 2 (GRB2) dysfunction affects fibrocytes; thus, GRB2 may be a novel target for treating fibrosis...
August 25, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846952/mesh-erosion-to-urinary-bladder-causing-fistulation-to-abdominal-wall-resulting-in-necrotizing-fasciitis-a-case-report-of-late-complication-of-incisional-hernia
#17
Amy S Y Kok, Tommy S H Cheung, Dennis C T Lam, Wilson H C Chan, Sharon W W Chan, T L Chow
INTRODUCTION: Incisional hernia is not an uncommon complication after abdominal operation, and laparoscopic ventral hernia repair with mesh is commonly performed nowadays. It is thought to have less complication compare to the traditional open repair, yet late complication is still observed occasionally and can be disastrous. CASE REPORT: We hereby report a case of abdominal wall necrotizing fasciitis 21 months after laparoscopic incisional hernia repair in lower midline with dual mesh, due to mesh migration and erosion into urinary bladder, resulting in fistulation between bladder and abdominal wall...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838212/prediction-of-local-and-metastatic-recurrence-in-solitary-fibrous-tumor-construction-of-a-risk-calculator-in-a-multicenter-cohort-from-the-french-sarcoma-group-fsg-database
#18
S Salas, N Resseguier, J Y Blay, A Le Cesne, A Italiano, C Chevreau, P Rosset, N Isambert, P Soulie, D Cupissol, C Delcambre, J O Bay, P Dubray-Longeras, M Krengli, B De Bari, S Villa, J H A M Kaanders, S Torrente, D Pasquier, J O Thariat, L Myroslav, C V Sole, H F Dincbas, J Y Habboush, T Zilli, T Dragan, K Khan R, G Ugurluer, T Cena, F Duffaud, N Penel, F Bertucci, D Ranchere-Vince, P Terrier, S Bonvalot, N Macagno, C Lemoine, M Lae, J M Coindre, C Bouvier
Background: Solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) are rare unusual ubiquitous soft tissue tumors that are presumed to be of fibroblastic differentiation. At present, the challenge is to establish accurate prognostic factors. Patients and methods: A total of 214 consecutive patients with SFT diagnosed in 24 participating cancer centers were entered into the European database (www.conticabase.org) to perform univariate and multivariate analysis for overall survival (OS), local recurrence incidence (LRI) and metastatic recurrence incidence (MRI) by taking competing risks into account...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820897/persistent-infection-due-to-a-small-colony-variant-of-burkholderia-pseudomallei-leads-to-pd-1-upregulation-on-circulating-immune-cells-and-mononuclear-infiltration-in-viscera-of-experimental-balb-c-mice
#19
Jia-Xiang See, Samudi Chandramathi, Mahmood Ameen Abdulla, Jamuna Vadivelu, Esaki M Shankar
BACKGROUND: Melioidosis is a neglected tropical disease endemic across South East Asia and Northern Australia. The etiological agent, Burkholderia pseudomallei (B.pseudomallei), is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, motile bacterium residing in the soil and muddy water across endemic regions of the tropical world. The bacterium is known to cause persistent infections by remaining latent within host cells for prolonged duration. Reactivation of the recrudescent disease often occurs in elders whose immunity wanes...
August 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819143/immunomodulatory-and-antioxidant-effects-of-total-flavonoids-of-spatholobus-suberectus-dunn-on-pcv2-infected-mice
#20
Yuan-Fang Fu, Li-He Jiang, Wei-Dan Zhao, Meng Xi-Nan, Shi-Qi Huang, Jian Yang, Ting-Jun Hu, Hai-Lan Chen
Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of virus infection and antioxidants are becoming promising candidates as therapeutic agents. This study is designed to investigate the effect of total flavonoids of Spatholobus suberectus Dunn (TFSD) on oxidative stress in mice induced by porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) infection. The PCV2 infection leads to significant decrease in thymus and spleen indices, elevation of xanthine oxidase (XOD) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities, reduction in GSH level and GSH to GSSG ratio and decline of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, indicating the formation of immunosuppression and oxidative stress...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
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