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Mitsutoshi Nakano, Yoshimasa Sagane, Ryosuke Koizumi, Yozo Nakazawa, Masao Yamazaki, Toshihiro Watanabe, Katsumi Takano, Hiroaki Sato
This article describes the analysis of volatile compounds in fermented materials used for salmon fish sauce production via gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Ten types of fish sauces were produced from raw salmon materials, including various proportions of flesh, viscera, inedible portion (heads, fins, and backbones), and soft roe, by mixing them with salt and allowing them to ferment for up to three months. The volatile compounds were captured by a solid-phase microextraction method and then applied to GC/MS for separation and identification of the compounds in the fish sauce products...
February 2018: Data in Brief
Maria de Lourdes Pessole Biondo-Simões, Marian Hanae Oda, Suzane Pasqual, Rogério Ribeiro Robes
PURPOSE: To compare polyglactin 910 and simple catgut sutures for the incidence of intraperitoneal adhesions. METHODS: Twenty female Wistar rats were placed into two groups. Group 1 received ischemic sutures and Group 2 received polyglactin 910. Five sutures inductive of adhesions in each rat were made. After 14 days, the rats were euthanized with an assessment of the presence of adhesions, the number of sutures involved and classification according to the Granat et al...
February 2018: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
Carlos Edmundo Rodrigues Fontes, Marino Jose Mardegam, Orlando Ribeiro Prado-Filho, Marcos Victor Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Obtaining effective hemostasis either in the traumatic or surgical lesions of parenchymal viscera, especially the liver, has always been a challenge. AIM: Comparative study between the use of different hemostatic sponges in hepatic wound and their capacity of integration to cells in a short period. METHODS: Fifteen Wistar rats were divided into three groups. Through laparotomy a standardized wound in hepatic right lobe was made...
March 1, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Agata Michalska, Wojciech Rokita, Daniel Wolder, Justyna Pogorzelska, Krzysztof Kaczmarczyk
Diastasis recti abdominis is a condition in which both rectus abdominis muscles disintegrate to the sides, this being ac-companied by the extension of the linea alba tissue and bulging of the abdominal wall. DRA may result in the herniation of the abdominal viscera, but it is not a hernia per se. DRA is common in the female population during pregnancy and in the postpartum period. There is a scant knowledge on the prevalence, risk factors, prevention or management of the abovemen-tioned condition. The aim of this paper is to present the methods of DRA treatment based on the results of recent studies...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
Constantin Ciuce, Răzvan Scurtu, Cătălin Ciuce, Raluca Apostu, Horea Bocşe, George Dindelegan
Introduction: Neoplastic invasion of the structures of the cervical region originating from a malignant tumour developed in one of the viscera of the throat may benefit from cervical exenteration. Defined as resection of the hypopharynx, cervical oesophagus, larynx and cervical trachea, exenteration has limited indications and is mandatorily accompanied by digestive tube reconstruction. The aim of this article is to highlight the indication, surgical strategy and important surgical stages illustrated by images from personal professional experience...
January 2018: Chirurgia
John I Alawneh, Christopher R Parke, Eduardo J Lapuz, Jose E David, Voltaire G Basinang, Augusto S Baluyut, Tamsin S Barnes, Edwin C Villar, Minnie L Lopez, Joanne Meers, Patrick J Blackall
A cross-sectional study of lungs from 1,887 randomly selected pigs from 471 farms from two provinces in the Philippines was carried out to estimate the prevalence of gross pathological lesions, identify potential risk factors and spatial clustering associated with high lung or pleurisy score farms. Lungs from pigs were scored at slaughter. Interviews with the farm managers were conducted to collect information about farm management and biosecurity practices. Of lungs examined, 48% had a lung score above 6 (maximum was 55) and 22% showed pleurisy...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Sidharth Tandon, Kabir Sardana, Purnima Malhotra, Jasmeet Singh
Asymptomatic, juxta-articular nodules are an uncommon morphology, which is usually diagnosed as xanthomas, calcinosis cutis or rheumatoid nodules. This study was represented as a case of gout, which is a disorder of purine metabolism resulting in elevation of serum uric acid and deposition of monosodium urate crystals within and around joints and manifests clinically as inflammatory arthritis. Urate crystal deposits have also been found in tendons, ligaments, viscera, and the skin, with the term "tophi" being used for the non-articular deposits...
October 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Modise Zacharia Koto, Oleh Y Matsevych, Fusi Mosai, Moses Balabyeki, Colleen Aldous
Background: Laparoscopy is increasingly utilised in the trauma setting. However, its safety and reliability in evaluating and managing retroperitoneal injuries are not known. Aim: The aim of this study was to analyse our experience with laparoscopic management of retroperitoneal injuries due to penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT) and to investigate its feasibility, safety and accuracy in haemodynamically stable patients. Methods: Over a 4-year period, patients approached laparoscopically with retroperitoneal injuries were analysed...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Lennart van der Veeken, Francesca M Russo, Johannes van der Merwe, David Basurto, Dyuti Sharma, Tram Nguyen, Marie P Eastwood, Namesh Khoshgoo, Jaan Toelen, Karel Allegaert, Philip Dekoninck, Stuart B Hooper, Richard Keijzer, Paolo DE Coppi, Jan Deprest
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is rare birth defect, which can be easily corrected after birth. The main problem is that herniation of viscera during fetal development impairs lung development, leading to a 30 % mortality and significant morbidity. In isolated cases the outcome can be accurately predicted prenatally by medical imaging. Cases with a poor prognosis can be treated before birth; clinically this is by fetoscopic endoluminal tracheal occlusion. Obstruction of the airways triggers lung growth. This procedure and is currently being evaluated in a global clinical trial for left sided cases; right sided cases with poor prognosis are offered the procedure clinically...
February 23, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
Mahsa Sadeghi, Andelain Erickson, Joel Castro, Annemie Deiteren, Andrea M Harrington, Luke Grundy, David J Adams, Stuart M Brierley
Irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease are major forms of chronic visceral pain, which affect over 15% of the global population. In order to identify new therapies, it is important to understand the underlying causes of chronic visceral pain. This review provides recent evidence demonstrating that inflammation or infection of the gastrointestinal tract triggers specific changes in the neuronal excitability of sensory pathways responsible for the transmission of nociceptive information from the periphery to the central nervous system...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Xueqin Wang, Huahua Yu, Ronge Xing, Xiaolin Chen, Song Liu, Pengcheng Li
Mackerel ( Pneumatophorus japonicus ) viscera contain large amount of protein. We used five proteases to hydrolyze the viscera, and the hydrolysate treated by neutrase exhibited the highest nitrogen recovery (NR). Then we optimized the preparation conditions for mackerel viscera hydrolysate (MVH) by response surface methodology and investigated the antioxidant activity of MVH. The optimal conditions were as follows: enzyme concentration of 1,762.87 U/g, pH of 6.76, temperature of 43.75 °C, extraction time of 6...
2018: PeerJ
José Ricardo N DE Souza Neto, Érika Branco, Elane G Giese, Ana Rita DE Lima
The wall of the diaphragm can be affected by congenital or acquired alterations which allow the passage of viscera between the abdominal and chest cavities, allowing the formation of a diaphragmatic hernia. We characterized morphology and performed biometrics of the diaphragm in the common squirrel monkey Saimiri sciureus. After fixation, muscle fragments were collected and processed for optical microscopy. In this species the diaphragm muscle is attached to the lung by phrenopericardial ligament. It is also connected to the liver via the coronary and falciform ligaments...
February 19, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Paula Rayane de Souza, Kelma Sirleide de Souza, Caio Rodrigo Dias de Assis, Marlyete Chagas de Araújo, Kaline Catiely Campos Silva, Juliett de Fátima Xavier da Silva, Andreia Cybelle Marques Ferreira, Valdir Luna da Silva, Mônica Lúcia Adam, Luiz Bezerra de Carvalho, Ranilson de Souza Bezerra
Enzyme biomarkers from several aquatic organisms have been used for assessing the exposure to contaminants at sublethal levels. Amongst them, the cholinesterases are commonly extracted from several organisms to evaluate/measure organophosphate and carbamate neurotoxic effects. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE; EC is an enzyme of the group of serine esterases that acts on the hydrolysis of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine allowing the intermittence of the nerve impulses responsible for the neuronal communication...
February 12, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
Catarina Barroso, Jorge Correia-Pinto
Although improvements have been made, the management of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) remains a major challenge for perinatologists and neonatal surgeons. Many aspects of the disease remain unknown and, being a rare entity, evidence-based data are hard to find. Surgical morbidity is considerable and affects long-term quality of life. Perioperative complications have been reviewed focusing on thoracoscopic repair. Intraoperative acidosis was more severe during thoracoscopy when compared with open surgery (OS), though it is possible that later neurodevelopment was not affected...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Arjun K Fontaine, Hans E Anderson, John H Caldwell, Richard F Weir
Numerous clinical and research applications necessitate the ability to interface with peripheral nerve fibers to read and control relevant neural pathways. Visceral organ modulation and rehabilitative prosthesis are two areas which could benefit greatly from improved neural interfacing approaches. Therapeutic neural interfacing, or 'bioelectronic medicine', has potential to affect a broad range of disorders given that all the major organs of the viscera are neurally innervated. However, a better understanding of the neural pathways that underlie function and a means to precisely interface with these fibers are required...
January 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Panagiotis P Anastasopoulos, Panagiotis Lepetsos, Andreas O Leonidou, Anastasios Gketsos, Eleftherios Tsiridis, George A Macheras
Although successful and well-established procedures, hip operations whether elective or trauma are coupled with a variety of complications. Among the most uncommon complications are injuries to intra-abdominal or intra-pelvic organs which could prove potentially life-threatening. While there are various reports of such injuries in the literature, we aimed to perform a systematic review in order to examine the causes and relationships between intra-abdominal and intra-pelvic complications and the mechanism of injury, the pattern of presentation, identification, the course of management and outcomes...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Yan Ma, Yizhen Shi, Lanlan Li, Chao Xie, Xiaoting Zou
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of mercury chloride (HgCl2) on laying performance, egg quality, hepatic and renal histopathology, and serum biochemical profiles in laying hens. A total of 768 Hy-line brown laying hens aged 40 weeks were randomly allocated to four groups (8 pens per group and 24 hens per pen). The concentrations of mercury (Hg) in four groups were 0.280, 3.325, 9.415, and 27.240 mg/kg. Results revealed that dietary Hg could significantly reduce laying performance (P < 0...
February 9, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Natalia M Cardillo, Mariano Ercole, Fernando Fariña, Mariana Pasqualetti, Yanina Loiza, Matías Pérez, Ayelén Bonboni, Mabel Ribicich
Aelurostrongylus abstrusus is a lungworm distributed worldwide that affects wild and domestic cats, causing bronchopneumonia of varying intensity. Snails serve as intermediate hosts. The aim of the present study was to assess the larval development of A. abstrusus in R. decollata snails and to investigate its potential as an intermediate host. For this purpose, first-stage larvae (L1) of A. abstrusus were obtained from the faeces of naturally infected cats. Doses of 500 L1/snail were given to 24 R. decollata snails, placed on the soil of the breeder chamber, and maintained under laboratory conditions...
February 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Linda S Sorkin, Kelly A Eddinger, Sarah A Woller, Tony L Yaksh
Neurogenic inflammation results from the release of biologically active agents from the peripheral primary afferent terminal. This release reflects the presence of releasable pools of active product and depolarization-exocytotic coupling mechanisms in the distal afferent terminal and serves to alter the physiologic function of innervated organ systems ranging from the skin and meninges to muscle, bone, and viscera. Aside from direct stimulation, this biologically important release from the peripheral afferent terminal can be initiated by antidromic activity arising from five anatomically distinct points of origin: (i) afferent collaterals at the peripheral-target organ level, (ii) afferent collaterals arising proximal to the target organ, (iii) from mid-axon where afferents lacking myelin sheaths (C fibers and others following demyelinating injuries) may display crosstalk and respond to local irritation, (iv) the dorsal root ganglion itself, and (v) the central terminals of the afferent in the dorsal horn where local circuits and bulbospinal projections can initiate the so-called dorsal root reflexes, i...
February 8, 2018: Seminars in Immunopathology
Mohanad F Abdulhameed, Ihab Habib, Suzan A Al-Azizz, Ian Robertson
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is an endemic neglected parasitic zoonosis in many of the countries of the Middle East. The disease poses a remarkable economic burden for both animals and humans. In this study, we conducted a questionnaire survey among livestock farmers in Basrah province, southern Iraq, in order to evaluate their knowledge and awareness about CE, and to understand some of the risky practices that could contribute to spread and persistence of such disease. Of the interviewed participants (N = 314), 27...
February 6, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
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