keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Viscera

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346790/multivisceral-resection-for-locally-invasive-colorectal-liver-metastases-outcomes-of-a-matched-cohort-analysis
#1
Fiona Hand, Rebeca Sanabria Mateos, Michael Durand, David Fennelly, Ray McDermott, Donal Maguire, Justin Geoghegan, Des Winter, Emir Hoti
Local invasion of adjacent viscera by colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) is no longer considered an absolute contraindication to curative hepatic resection. A growing number of observational analyses have illustrated the feasibility of such resections; however, the evidence base is at best heterogeneous with a lack of evidence comparing similar patient groups. We aimed to evaluate the outcomes of hepatectomy for CRLM when combined with other viscera and compare to a matched cohort of isolated hepatic resections...
January 18, 2018: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345019/a-vascular-mechanism-to-explain-thermally-mediated-variations-in-deep-body-cooling-rates-during-the-immersion-of-profoundly-hyperthermic-individuals
#2
Joanne N Caldwell, Anne M J van den Heuvel, Pete Kerry, Mitchell J Clark, Gregory E Peoples, Nigel A S Taylor
Physiologically trivial time differences for cooling the intrathoracic viscera of hyperthermic individuals have been reported between cold- and temperate-water immersion treatments. One explanation for that observation is reduced convective heat delivery to the skin during cold immersion, and this experiment was designed to test both the validity of that observation, and its underlying hypothesis. Eight healthy males participated in four head-out, water immersions: two when normothermic, and two following exercise-induced, moderate-profound hyperthermia...
January 18, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342021/nonoperative-management-of-perforated-hollow-viscera-in-a-palliative-care-unit
#3
Myrick C Shinall, Jesse M Ehrenfeld, Oliver L Gunter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341044/antenatal-medical-therapies-to-improve-lung-development-in-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#4
Aidan Kashyap, Philip DeKoninck, Kelly Crossley, Marta Thio, Graeme Polglase, Francesca Maria Russo, Jan Deprest, Stuart Hooper, Ryan Hodges
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a birth defect characterized by failed closure of the diaphragm, allowing abdominal viscera to herniate into the thoracic cavity and subsequently impair pulmonary and vascular development. Despite improving standardized postnatal management, there remains a population of severe CDH for whom postnatal care falls short. In these severe cases, antenatal surgical intervention (fetoscopic endoluminal tracheal occlusion [FETO]) may improve survival; however, FETO increases the risk of preterm delivery, is not widely offered, and still fails in half of cases...
January 16, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333592/3d-models-of-female-pelvis-structures-reconstructed-and-represented-in-combination-with-anatomical-and-radiological-sections
#5
L Asensio Romero, M Asensio Gómez, A Prats-Galino, J A Juanes Méndez
We present a computer program designed to visualize and interact with three-dimensional models of the main anatomical structures of the female pelvis. They are reconstructed from serial sections of corpse, from the Visible Human project of the Medical Library of the United States and from serial sections of high-resolution magnetic resonance. It is possible to represent these three-dimensional structures in any spatial orientation, together with sectional images of corpse and magnetic resonance imaging, in the three planes of space (axial, coronal and sagittal) that facilitates the anatomical understanding and the identification of the set of visceral structures of this body region...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329006/ongoing-unmet-needs-in-treating-estrogen-receptor-positive-her2-negative-metastatic-breast-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Gül A Başaran, Chris Twelves, Véronique Diéras, Javier Cortés, Ahmad Awada
Estrogen receptor-positive (ER+)/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative (HER2-) advanced or metastatic breast cancer (MBC) is the most common MBC subtype and currently remains incurable, with a median overall survival of 24.8 months (95% confidence interval, 21.3-30.3). Common sites of metastases are bone, viscera, and brain, causing significant symptoms that negatively affect patient functioning, quality of life (QoL), and work productivity. Guidelines state that endocrine therapy (ET) is preferable to chemotherapy as first-line treatment for patients with ER+ MBC, regardless of limited visceral metastases, unless rapid tumor response is required or ET resistance is suspected...
December 6, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310998/coronary-artery-calcifications-and-diastolic-dysfunction-versus-visceral-fat-area-in-type-1-diabetes-viscera-study
#7
Christophe E M De Block, Bharati Shivalkar, Wouter Goovaerts, Tim Brits, Ken Carpentier, An Verrijken, Viviane Van Hoof, Paul M Parizel, Chris Vrints, Luc F Van Gaal
AIMS: Type 1 diabetic patients (T1DM) experience a higher cardiovascular disease and mortality risk than controls. We investigated whether visceral adipose tissue (VAT) contributes to coronary artery calcifications (CAC) and cardiac dysfunction in T1DM. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 118 T1DM patients without a history of cardiovascular disease (men/women: 68/50, age 46±12years, HbA1c 7.6±0.9%, BMI 25.8±4.1kg/m2) was conducted. CAC and VAT were measured using a CT scan...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301337/organ-segmentation-in-poultry-viscera-using-rgb-d
#8
Mark Philip Philipsen, Jacob Velling Dueholm, Anders Jørgensen, Sergio Escalera, Thomas Baltzer Moeslund
We present a pattern recognition framework for semantic segmentation of visual structures, that is, multi-class labelling at pixel level, and apply it to the task of segmenting organs in the eviscerated viscera from slaughtered poultry in RGB-D images. This is a step towards replacing the current strenuous manual inspection at poultry processing plants. Features are extracted from feature maps such as activation maps from a convolutional neural network (CNN). A random forest classifier assigns class probabilities, which are further refined by utilizing context in a conditional random field...
January 3, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297566/immunohistochemical-characteristics-of-neurons-in-the-ganglia-of-the-greater-splanchnic-nerve-of-the-pig
#9
Jamal Nourinezhad, Piotr Podlasz, Krzysztof Wasowicz
INTRODUCTION: Greater splanchnic nerve (GSN) is by far the largest of the splanchnic nerves and connects the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia to transmit the majority of nociceptive information from the viscera. Despite its importance, the immunohistochemical features of the porcine GSN neurons have not yet been examined. Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate the neurochemistry of the porcine GSN neurons and to compare their neurochemical coding with those of the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia...
January 3, 2018: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284350/a-minimally-invasive-treatment-of-an-asymptomatic-case-of-mesh-erosion-into-the-caecum-after-total-extraperitoneal-inguinal-hernia-repair
#10
Gert Mulleners, Frederick Olivier, Mohamed Abasbassi
BACKGROUND: Mesh migration and erosion into adjacent viscera is a rare complication after laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. We present a minimally invasive treatment of an asymptomatic case of mesh erosion into the caecum after total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair, including an overview of the relevant recent literature. METHODS: A male patient underwent a laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair at the age of 42. Two years after this procedure, a screening colonoscopy revealed erosion of the mesh into the caecum...
December 28, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280741/insulin-resistance-prediabetes-metabolic-syndrome-what-should-every-pediatrician-know
#11
Ahmad Ighbariya, Ram Weiss
The Metabolic syndrome describes a clustering of typical cardiovascular risk factors. The syndrome is also known as "Insulin Resistance syndrome" as a substantial part of the pathophysiology is driven by resistance to the metabolic effects of insulin. The major cause of insulin resistance in childhood is a typical lipid partitioning pattern characterized by increased deposition of lipids within insulin responsive tissues, such as the liver and skeletal muscle and within the viscera. This lipid deposition pattern is also associated with infiltration of intra-abdominal tissues with cells of the immune system, inducing systemic, low-grade inflammation typically observed in insulin resistant obese children and adolescents...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280680/smarcb1-deficient-tumors-of-childhood-a-practical-guide
#12
Bruce R Pawel
The SMARCB1 gene ( INI1, BAF47) is a member of the SWItch/Sucrose Non-Fermentable (SWI/SNF) chromatin remodeling complex, involved in the epigenetic regulation of gene transcription. SMARCB1 acts as a tumor suppressor gene, and loss of function of both alleles gives rise to SMARCB1-deficient tumors. The prototypical SMARCB1-deficient tumor is the malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT) which was first described in the kidney but also occurs in soft tissue, viscera, and the brain (where it is referred to as atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor or AT/RT)...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273062/enhanced-expressions-of-neurodegeneration-associated-factors-ups-impairment-and-excess-a%C3%AE-accumulation-in-the-hippocampus-of-mice-with-persistent-cerebral-toxocariasis
#13
Chia-Mei Chou, Yueh-Lun Lee, Chien-Wei Liao, Ying-Chieh Huang, Chia-Kwung Fan
BACKGROUND: Toxocariasis is a worldwide zoonotic parasitic disease mainly caused by Toxocara canis. Humans can be infected by accidental ingestion of T. canis embryonated ovum-contaminated food, water, or encapsulated larvae in paratenic hosts' viscera or meat. Since humans and mice are paratenic hosts of T. canis, the wandering larvae might cause mechanical tissue damage and excretory-secretory antigens may trigger inflammatory injuries to local organs. Long-term residence of T. canis larvae in a paratenic host's brain may cause cerebral toxocariasis (CT) that contributes to cerebral damage, neuroinflammation and neuropsychiatric disorders in mice and clinical patients...
December 22, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258555/detection-and-full-genome-characterization-of-two-beta-cov-viruses-related-to-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-from-bats-in-italy
#14
Ana Moreno, Davide Lelli, Luca de Sabato, Guendalina Zaccaria, Arianna Boni, Enrica Sozzi, Alice Prosperi, Antonio Lavazza, Eleonora Cella, Maria Rita Castrucci, Massimo Cicozzi, Gabriele Vaccari
BACKGROUND: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), which belongs to beta group of coronavirus, can infect multiple host species and causes severe diseases in humans. Multiple surveillance and phylogenetic studies suggest a bat origin. In this study, we describe the detection and full genome characterization of two CoVs closely related to MERS-CoV from two Italian bats, Pipistrellus kuhlii and Hypsugo savii. METHODS: Pool of viscera were tested by a pan-coronavirus RT-PCR...
December 19, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249862/celiac-plexus-block-and-neurolysis-in-the-management-of-chronic-upper-abdominal-pain
#15
REVIEW
Joshua Cornman-Homonoff, Daniel J Holzwanger, Kyungmouk S Lee, David C Madoff, David Li
Chronic upper abdominal pain occurs as a complication of various malignant and benign diseases including pancreatic cancer and chronic pancreatitis, and when present may contribute to lower quality of life and higher mortality. Though various pain management strategies are available as part of a multimodal approach, they are often incompletely effective and accompanied by side effects. Pain originating in upper abdominal viscera is transmitted through the celiac plexus, which is an autonomic plexus located in the retroperitoneum at the root of the celiac trunk...
December 2017: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247364/laparoscopic-repair-of-traumatic-flank-hernias
#16
Y W Novitsky
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic flank hernias (TFH) are caused by a blunt abdominal trauma with resultant detachment of the oblique musculofascial complex at the iliac crest and/or costal margin. Given such proximity to the bony structures and essential absence of healthy fascia to anchor the mesh, TFH represent a challenging surgical problem. Although laparoscopic repair of ventral hernias has become very common, no series of laparoscopic repairs of TFH has been reported to date. We present a series of patients undergoing laparoscopic repair of TFH...
December 15, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237826/flaccid-skin-protects-hagfishes-from-shark-bites
#17
Sarah Boggett, Jean-Luc Stiles, Adam P Summers, Douglas S Fudge
Hagfishes defend themselves from fish predators by releasing large volumes of gill-clogging slime when they are attacked. Slime release is not anticipatory, but is only released after an attack has been initiated, raising the question of how hagfishes survive the initial attack, especially from biting predators such as sharks. We tested two hypotheses that could explain how hagfishes avoid damage from shark bites: puncture-resistant skin, and a loose and flaccid body design that makes it difficult for teeth to penetrate body musculature and viscera...
December 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232006/reconstruction-of-a-large-full-thickness-abdominal-wall-defect-with-flow-through-based-alt-flaps-a-case-report
#18
Dong Yeon Kim, Junho Lee, Jeong Tae Kim, Hye Kyung Chang, Suk-Ho Moon
An extensive 35 × 20 cm sized full-thickness abdominal wall defect was created after resection of aggressive abdominal fibromatosis in a 19-year-old male patient. Immediate reconstruction was not possible due to prolonged operation time and resulting severe bowel edema. A silicone sheet with NPWT was applied over the exposed viscera. After 1 week, silicone sheet was substituted with a composite mesh. Then, abdominal wall reconstruction with bilateral free anterolateral thigh (ALT) flaps (30 × 12 cm and 25 × 12 cm sized) was performed...
December 12, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227215/dietary-phosphatidylcholine-impacts-on-growth-performance-and-lipid-metabolism-in-adult-genetically-improved-farmed-tilapia-gift-strain-of-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#19
Juan Tian, Hua Wen, Xing Lu, Wei Liu, Fan Wu, Chang-Geng Yang, Ming Jiang, Li-Juan Yu
This study aimed to determine the effects of supplementing the diet of adult Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus with phosphatidylcholine (PC) on growth performance, body composition, fatty acid composition and gene expression. Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia fish with an initial body weight of 83·1 (sd 2·9) g were divided into six groups. Each group was hand-fed a semi-purified diet containing 1·7 (control diet), 4·0, 6·5, 11·5, 21·3 or 41·0 g PC/kg diet for 68 d. Supplemental PC improved the feed efficiency rate, which was highest in the 11·5 g PC/kg diet...
December 11, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221339/laparoscopic-repair-of-a-peritoneopericardial-diaphragmatic-hernia-after-a-convergent-procedure-for-the-treatment-of-atrial-fibrillation
#20
Antony Delliturri, Shintaro Chiba, Igor Brichkov, Danny Sherwinter
Peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia is a rare entity involving herniation of abdominal viscera through the diaphragm into the pericardial sac. It is most often seen after blunt abdominal trauma, but can occur following any trans-diaphragmatic intervention. We report on a 56-year-old female with peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia secondary to a convergent procedure for the treatment of atrial fibrillation, who underwent a laparoscopic repair. An anterior abdominal wall laparoscopic approach was employed...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
keyword
keyword
53611
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"