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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346889/quantifying-the-dynamics-of-emotional-expressions-in-family-therapy-of-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#1
Laurent Pezard, Karyn Doba, Annick Lesne, Jean-Louis Nandrino
Emotional interactions have been considered dynamical processes involved in the affective life of humans and their disturbances may induce mental disorders. Most studies of emotional interactions have focused on dyadic behaviors or self-reports of emotional states but neglected the dynamical processes involved in family therapy. The main objective of this study is to quantify the dynamics of emotional expressions and their changes using the family therapy of patients with anorexia nervosa as an example. Nonlinear methods characterize the variability of the dynamics at the level of the whole therapeutic system and reciprocal influence between the participants during family therapy...
March 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346761/commentary-information-processing-in-anxiety-and%C3%A2-depression-novel-targets-for-translational-research-a-reflection-on-lau-and-waters-2017
#2
Gal Arad, Yair Bar-Haim
Understanding psychopathology in the context of a developmental cognitive neuroscience approach entails the notion that specific individual differences in information processing can serve as both etiologic and maintaining factors in the development of specific disorders. It is posited that such mechanistic understanding of neurocognitive aberrations during development can then serve focused translational efforts in the form of cognitive bias modification treatments. In the review by Lau and Waters (this issue), an astute developmental model is suggested regarding the role of potential neurocognitive mechanisms in depression and anxiety in youth...
April 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346759/commentary-what-s-in-a-word-or-words-on-the-relations-among-self-regulation-self-control-executive-functioning-effortful-control-cognitive-control-impulsivity-risk-taking-and-inhibition-for-developmental-psychopathology-reflections-on-nigg-2017
#3
Nancy Eisenberg
In Nigg's excellent article, he deals with a variety of complex conceptual issues related to the constructs of self-regulation and executive functioning (EF). Overall, I agree that the terminology proposed by Nigg should be adopted; moreover, the conceptual distinctions he provides should help the field to move forward with regard to the understanding of varied constructs related to self-regulation. In the spirit of further clarification, I questioned Nigg's suggestions that (a) working memory should be considered as part of the construct of top-down regulation and (b) planning is a higher level component of EF but not part of effortful control...
April 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346755/editorial-child-psychology-and-psychiatry-using-science-to-make-a-difference
#4
EDITORIAL
R M Pasco Fearon
The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry has, I think it is fair to say, a special place in the hearts of scientists and scientist-practitioners working broadly in the field of developmental psychopathology. How would you put into words what it is we all love about the journal? Answers on a postcard please! For me, in addition to the high quality of the science, there is something unique about JCPP's open-minded, eclectic yet rigorous and methodologically pluralistic style that makes it stand out from the rest...
April 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345388/cortisol-levels-in-fingernails-neurocognitive-performance-and-clinical-variables-in-euthymic-bipolar-i-disorder
#5
Andres Herane-Vives, Anthony J Cleare, Chin-Kuo Chang, Valeria de Angel, Andrew Papadopoulos, Susanne Fischer, Rozmin Halari, Eric Y W Cheung, Allan H Young
OBJECTIVES: Neurocognitive impairment has been found in bipolar patients. Hypercortisolemia is one possible cause but there has been no agreement on this. Previous sampling methods assessed only acute cortisol levels, whereas the association between cortisol and psychopathology might be better understood by investigating chronic levels. Fingernails are a novel method for measuring chronic cortisol concentration (CCC). Here, we measured CCC in euthymic bipolar disorder I (BD-I) patients and healthy controls using fingernails to investigate whether differences in CCC influenced neurocognitive performance...
March 27, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343052/season-of-treatment-initiation-with-antidepressants-and-suicidal-behavior-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-sweden
#6
Georgios D Makris, Johan Reutfors, Morten Andersen, Richard A White, Lisa Ekselius, Fotios C Papadopoulos
BACKGROUND: Decreased binding capacity of SERT in the prefrontal cortex has been observed in both suicide victims and suicide attempters. Moreover, some studies have shown that SERT has a seasonal variation with lower binding capacity in the spring and summer, which coincides with a seasonal peak of suicides. Our aim was to explore whether the season of treatment initiation with antidepressants is associated with suicide or suicide attempt and compare it with the underlying suicide seasonality in the general population...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342578/efficacy-and-safety-of-aripiprazole-lauroxil-in-schizophrenic-patients-presenting-with-severe-psychotic-symptoms-during-an-acute-exacerbation
#7
Steven G Potkin, Robert Risinger, Yangchun Du, Jacqueline Zummo, Anjana Bose, Bernard Silverman, Srdjan Stankovic, Elliot Ehrich
Aripiprazole lauroxil (AL), a new long-acting injectable antipsychotic, demonstrated safety and efficacy in treating acute exacerbation symptoms of schizophrenia in a 12-week placebo-controlled trial of two doses of AL (441mg and 882mg) administered every 4weeks. We performed a post hoc analysis of this trial to evaluate the efficacy of AL in the subgroup of patients with severe psychotic symptoms, defined as those with baseline Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) Total score above the median score of 92 (n=309)...
March 22, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342226/psychopathology-and-personality-traits-associated-with-driving-while-intoxicated-in-beijing-china-implications-for-interventions
#8
Rong-Jiang Zhao, Wei Sun, Li-Li Zhang, Yan-Ping Bao, Liang Huang, Ping Dong, Shuang-Jiang Zhou, Zhi-Qing Wang, Thomas R Kosten, Hong-Qiang Sun
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Driving while intoxicated (DWI) represents an area of grave concern in China, yet little research has focused on it or on the personality traits and psychiatric disorders among these drivers. METHODS: We enrolled 325 of 382 residents charged with DWI in a compulsory detention center in Beijing, China. And 351 male drivers who had never had any alcohol arrests as control participants. All were screened for Axis I disorders using the Chinese version of the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV-TR (SCID), the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2), and the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF)...
March 24, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341942/integrating-nimh-research-domain-criteria-rdoc-into-ptsd-research
#9
Ulrike Schmidt, Eric Vermetten
Three and a half decades of research on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has produced substantial knowledge on the pathobiology of this frequent and debilitating disease. However, despite all research efforts, so far no drug that has specifically targeted PTSD core symptoms progressed to clinical use. Instead, although not overly efficient, serotonin re-uptake inhibitors continue to be considered the gold standard of PTSD pharmacotherapy. The psychotherapeutic treatment and symptom-oriented drug therapy options available for PTSD treatment today show some efficacy, although not in all PTSD patients, in particular not in a substantial percent of those suffering from the detrimental sequelae of repeated childhood trauma or in veterans with combat related PTSD...
March 25, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340905/searching-objective-criteria-for-patient-assignment-in-addiction-treatment
#10
José J López-Goñi, Javier Fernández-Montalvo, Alfonso Arteaga, Sonia Esarte
The main aim of this study was to objectify the treatment assignment criteria used in a clinical centre for addiction treatment in Spain. A sample of 162 patients (87 inpatients and 75 outpatients) who sought treatment between 2010 and 2012 was assessed. Clinical characteristics (addiction severity, psychopathological symptoms, impulsiveness and maladjustment) of the two treatment groups (inpatient and outpatient) into which patients were assigned according to the clinical criteria of therapists were analysed to identify which variables were more relevant for patient placement...
May 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338919/genetic-overlap-between-schizophrenia-and-developmental-psychopathology-longitudinal-and-multivariate-polygenic-risk-prediction-of-common-psychiatric-traits-during-development
#11
Michel G Nivard, Suzanne H Gage, Jouke J Hottenga, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Abdel Abdellaoui, Meike Bartels, Bart M L Baselmans, Lannie Ligthart, Beate St Pourcain, Dorret I Boomsma, Marcus R Munafò, Christel M Middeldorp
BACKGROUND: Several nonpsychotic psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence can precede the onset of schizophrenia, but the etiology of this relationship remains unclear. We investigated to what extent the association between schizophrenia and psychiatric disorders in childhood is explained by correlated genetic risk factors. METHODS: Polygenic risk scores (PRS), reflecting an individual's genetic risk for schizophrenia, were constructed for 2588 children from the Netherlands Twin Register (NTR) and 6127 from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents And Children (ALSPAC)...
March 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338892/embodiment-and-schizophrenia-a-review-of-implications-and-applications
#12
Wolfgang Tschacher, Anne Giersch, Karl Friston
In recent decades, embodiment has become an influential concept in psychology and cognitive neuroscience. Embodiment denotes the study of the reciprocal (causal) relationships between mind and body, with the mind not only affecting the body but also vice versa. Embodied cognition comes to the fore in sensorimotor coupling, predictive coding, and nonverbal behavior. Additionally, the embodiment of the mind constitutes the basis of social interaction and communication, as evident in research on nonverbal synchrony and mimicry...
March 3, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337341/aetiological-influences-on-stability-and-change-in-emotional-and-behavioural-problems-across-development-a-systematic-review
#13
L J Hannigan, N Walaker, M A Waszczuk, T A McAdams, T C Eley
Emotional and behavioural problems in childhood and adolescence can be chronic and are predictive of future psychiatric problems. Understanding what factors drive the development and maintenance of these problems is therefore crucial. Longitudinal behavioural genetic studies using twin, sibling or adoption data can be used to explore the developmental aetiology of stability and change in childhood and adolescent psychopathology. We present a systematic review of longitudinal, behavioural genetic analyses of emotional and behavioural problems between ages 0 to 18 years...
2017: Psychopathology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337160/the-association-between-self-reported-difficulties-in-emotion-regulation-and-heart-rate-variability-the-salient-role-of-not-accepting-negative-emotions
#14
Endre Visted, Lin Sørensen, Berge Osnes, Julie L Svendsen, Per-Einar Binder, Elisabeth Schanche
Difficulties in emotion regulation are associated with development and maintenance of psychopathology. Typically, features of emotion regulation are assessed with self-report questionnaires. Heart rate variability (HRV) is an objective measure proposed as an index of emotional regulation capacity. A limited number of studies have shown that self-reported difficulties in emotion regulation are associated with HRV. However, results from prior studies are inconclusive, and an ecological validation of the association has not yet been tested...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335876/child-abuse-neural-structure-and-adolescent-psychopathology-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Daniel S Busso, Katie A McLaughlin, Stephanie Brueck, Matthew Peverill, Andrea L Gold, Margaret A Sheridan
OBJECTIVE: Child abuse exerts a deleterious impact on a broad array of mental health outcomes. However, the neurobiological mechanisms that mediate this association remain poorly characterized. Here, we use a longitudinal design to prospectively identify neural mediators of the association between child abuse and psychiatric disorders in a community sample of adolescents. METHOD: Structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data and assessments of mental health were acquired for 51 adolescents (aged 13-20; M=16...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335874/course-of-tourette-syndrome-and-comorbidities-in-a-large-prospective-clinical-study
#16
Camilla Groth, Nanette Mol Debes, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Theis Lange, Liselotte Skov
OBJECTIVE: Tourette syndrome (TS) is a childhood-onset neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by tics and frequent comorbidities. Although tics often improve during adolescence, recent studies suggest that comorbid obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) tend to persist. This large prospective follow-up study describes the clinical course of tics and comorbidities during adolescence and the prevalence of coexisting psychopathologies. METHOD: The clinical cohort was recruited at the Danish National Tourette Clinic, and data were collected at baseline (n = 314, age range 5-19 years) and at follow-up 6 years later (n = 227) to establish the persistence and severity of tics and comorbidities...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335873/parental-psychopathology-and-tourette-syndrome-chronic-tic-disorder-in-offspring-a-nationwide-case-control-study
#17
Susanna Leivonen, Jeremiah M Scharf, Carol A Mathews, Roshan Chudal, David Gyllenberg, Dan Sucksdorff, Auli Suominen, Arja Voutilainen, Alan S Brown, Andre Sourander
OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations between maternal and paternal psychiatric diagnoses and Tourette syndrome (TS)/chronic tic disorder (CT) in a nationwide study. METHOD: This nested case-control study linked data derived from three national registers. All singletons born and diagnosed with TS/CT in Finland between January 1991 and December 2010 were identified (n = 1,120) and matched to four controls (n = 4,299). Conditional logistic regression was used to examine the associations between parental psychopathology and TS/CT...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335870/persistent-tics-tourette-syndrome-and-psychopathology-where-are-we-now-and-where-are-we-going
#18
EDITORIAL
Barbara J Coffey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334631/internalizing-and-externalizing-disorders-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-latent-transition-analysis-using-alspac-data
#19
Eoin McElroy, Mark Shevlin, Jamie Murphy
BACKGROUND: Research examining the association between internalizing and externalizing dimensions of psychopathology has relied heavily on variable-centered analytical techniques. Person-centered methodologies complement the variable-centered approach, and may help explain the medium-to-large correlations that exist between higher order dimensions of psychopathology. What little person-centered research exists has been cross-sectional and utilized adult samples. The present study sought to take a person-centered approach to the modeling of psychiatric comorbidity during a key developmental phase; middle childhood through adolescence...
March 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334442/the-relationship-between-eating-psychopathology-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-bariatric-surgery-candidates-a-retrospective-study
#20
Sanjeev Sockalingam, Hedieh Tehrani, Marlene Taube-Schiff, Jessica Van Exan, Vincent Santiago, Raed Hawa
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), eating psychopathology, and major depressive disorder (MDD) are highly prevalent in patients with severe obesity. Our study aimed to identify differences in binge-eating disorder (BED) prevalence in bariatric surgery candidates with and without OSA. METHODS: In this retrospective study, demographic data, psychiatric diagnoses, OSA diagnosis, binge eating, depressive and quality of life (QOL) symptoms were collected from 1,099 bariatric surgery candidates from a Canadian setting...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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