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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724589/affective-prosody-in-frontotemporal-dementia-the-importance-of-pitching-it-right
#1
EDITORIAL
Cristian E Leyton, Argye E Hillis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724588/automatic-measurement-of-prosody-in-behavioral-variant-ftd
#2
Naomi Nevler, Sharon Ash, Charles Jester, David J Irwin, Mark Liberman, Murray Grossman
OBJECTIVE: To help understand speech changes in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), we developed and implemented automatic methods of speech analysis for quantification of prosody, and evaluated clinical and anatomical correlations. METHODS: We analyzed semi-structured, digitized speech samples from 32 patients with bvFTD (21 male, mean age 63 ± 8.5, mean disease duration 4 ± 3.1 years) and 17 matched healthy controls (HC). We automatically extracted fundamental frequency (f0, the physical property of sound most closely correlating with perceived pitch) and computed pitch range on a logarithmic scale (semitone) that controls for individual and sex differences...
July 19, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720526/effects-of-musical-expertise-on-oscillatory-brain-activity-in-response-to-emotional-sounds
#3
Sophie Nolden, Simon Rigoulot, Pierre Jolicoeur, Jorge L Armony
Emotions can be conveyed through a variety of channels in the auditory domain, be it via music, non-linguistic vocalizations, or speech prosody. Moreover, recent studies suggest that expertise in one sound category can impact the processing of emotional sounds as they found that musicians process more efficiently emotional musical and vocal sounds than non-musicians. However, the neural correlates of these modulations, especially their time course, are not very well understood. Consequently, we focused here on how the neural processing of emotional information varies as a function of sound category and expertise of participants...
July 15, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704068/breaking-down-barriers-in-pediatric-mental-health-consultations-understanding-patients-use-of-i-don-t-know
#4
Ashley M Hesson, Heike Pichler
Barriers to effective provider-patient communication take many forms that can be difficult to recognize and appropriately address. This paper offers probabilistic indicators for one such form, patient-produced "I don't know" (IDK), distinguishing its use as a cognitive claim and its use as a strategy for resisting discussion of sensitive topics. A total of 95 audio-recorded psychiatrist-child interactions are drawn from a US-wide corpus of physician-patient consultations. From these, 376 patient-produced IDKs are extracted and coded for linguistic/social factors, including form, function, prosody, age, gender, and primary diagnosis...
July 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700143/consequences-of-brain-tumour-resection-on-emotion-recognition
#5
Giulia Mattavelli, Alberto Pisoni, Alessandra Casarotti, Alessandro Comi, Giada Sera, Marco Riva, Alberto Bizzi, Marco Rossi, Lorenzo Bello, Costanza Papagno
Emotion processing impairments are common in patients undergoing brain surgery for fronto-temporal tumour resection, with potential consequences on social interactions. However, evidence is controversial concerning side and site of lesions causing such deficits. This study investigates visual and auditory emotion recognition in brain tumour patients with the aim of clarifying which lesion sites are related to impairments in emotion processing from different modalities. Thirty-four patients were evaluated, before and after surgery, on facial expression and emotional prosody recognition; voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping (VLSM) analyses were performed on patients' post-surgery MRI images...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697697/postfocal-downstep-in-german
#6
Frank Kügler, Caroline Féry
This article is a follow-up study of Féry and Kügler (2008. Pitch accent scaling on given, new and focused constituents in German. Journal of Phonetics, 36, 680-703). It reports on an experiment of the F0 height of potential pitch accents in the postfocal region of German sentences and addresses in this way an aspect of the influence of information structure on the intonation of sentences that was left open in the previous article. The results of the experiment showed that, when several constituents are located in this position, they are often in a downstep relation, but are rarely upstepped...
June 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694512/pet-directed-speech-draws-adult-dogs-attention-more-efficiently-than-adult-directed-speech
#7
Sarah Jeannin, Caroline Gilbert, Mathieu Amy, Gérard Leboucher
Humans speak to dogs using a special speech register called Pet-Directed Speech (PDS) which is very similar to Infant-Directed Speech (IDS) used by parents when talking to young infants. These two type of speech share prosodic features that are distinct from the typical Adult-Directed Speech (ADS): a high pitched voice and an increased pitch variation. So far, only one study has investigated the effect of PDS on dogs' attention. We video recorded 44 adult pet dogs and 19 puppies when listening to the same phrase enounced either in ADS or in PDS or in IDS...
July 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663732/preserved-crossmodal-integration-of-emotional-signals-in-binge-drinking
#8
Séverine Lannoy, Valérie Dormal, Mélanie Brion, Joël Billieux, Pierre Maurage
Binge drinking is an alcohol consumption pattern with various psychological and cognitive consequences. As binge drinking showed qualitatively comparable cognitive impairments to those reported in alcohol-dependence, a continuum hypothesis suggests that this habit would be a first step toward alcohol-related disorders. Besides these cognitive impairments, alcohol-dependence is also characterized by large-scale deficits in emotional processing, particularly in crossmodal contexts, and these abilities have scarcely been explored in binge drinking...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649923/detecting-abnormal-voice-prosody-through-single-word-utterances-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#9
Yasushi Nakai, Tetsuya Takiguchi, Gakuyo Matsui, Noriko Yamaoka, Satoshi Takada
Abnormal prosody is often evident in the voice intonations of individuals with autism spectrum disorders. We compared a machine-learning-based voice analysis with human hearing judgments made by 10 speech therapists for classifying children with autism spectrum disorders ( n = 30) and typical development ( n = 51). Using stimuli limited to single-word utterances, machine-learning-based voice analysis was superior to speech therapist judgments. There was a significantly higher true-positive than false-negative rate for machine-learning-based voice analysis but not for speech therapists...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647830/the-comprehension-of-syntactic-and-affective-prosody-by-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-without-accompanying-cognitive-deficits
#10
Maria Martzoukou, Despina Papadopoulou, Mary-Helen Kosmidis
The present study investigates the comprehension of syntactic and affective prosody in adults with autism spectrum disorder without accompanying cognitive deficits (ASD w/o cognitive deficits) as well as age-, education- and gender-matched unimpaired adults, while processing orally presented sentences. Two experiments were conducted: (a) an on-line sentence completion task containing local subject/object ambiguities and (b) an affective prosody task exploring the comprehension of six emotions. The syntactic prosody task revealed that the experimental group performed similar to the control group on the fillers and the object condition...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626799/acute-ischemic-lesions-associated-with-impairments-in-expression-and-recognition-of-affective-prosody
#11
Amy E Wright, Cameron Davis, Yessenia Gomez, Joseph Posner, Christopher Rorden, Argye E Hillis, Donna C Tippett
PURPOSE: We aimed to: (a) review existing data on the neural basis of affective prosody;(b) test the hypothesis that there are double dissociations in impairments of expression and recognition of affective prosody; and (c) identify areas of infarct associated with impaired expression and/or recognition of affective prosody after acute right hemisphere (RH) ischemic stroke. METHODS: Participants were tested on recognition of emotional prosody in content-neutral sentences...
July 2016: Perspectives of the ASHA special interest groups
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612476/association-between-speech-language-general-cognitive-functioning-and-behaviour-problems-in-individuals-with-williams-syndrome
#12
N F Rossi, C M Giacheti
BACKGROUND: Williams syndrome (WS) phenotype is described as unique and intriguing. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between speech-language abilities, general cognitive functioning and behavioural problems in individuals with WS, considering age effects and speech-language characteristics of WS sub-groups. METHODS: The study's participants were 26 individuals with WS and their parents. General cognitive functioning was assessed with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale...
July 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599541/prosodic-exaggeration-within-infant-directed-speech-consequences-for-vowel-learnability
#13
Frans Adriaans, Daniel Swingley
Perceptual experiments with infants show that they adapt their perception of speech sounds toward the categories of the native language. How do infants learn these categories? For the most part, acoustic analyses of natural infant-directed speech have suggested that phonetic categories are not presented to learners as separable clusters of sounds in acoustic space. As a step toward explaining how infants begin to solve this problem, the current study proposes that the exaggerated prosody characteristic of infant-directed speech may highlight for infants certain speech-sound tokens that collectively form more readily identifiable categories...
May 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599540/the-perception-of-emotion-and-focus-prosody-with-varying-acoustic-cues-in-cochlear-implant-simulations-with-varying-filter-slopes
#14
Daan J van de Velde, Niels O Schiller, Vincent J van Heuven, Claartje C Levelt, Joost van Ginkel, Mieke Beers, Jeroen J Briaire, Johan H M Frijns
This study aimed to find the optimal filter slope for cochlear implant simulations (vocoding) by testing the effect of a wide range of slopes on the discrimination of emotional and linguistic (focus) prosody, with varying availability of F0 and duration cues. Forty normally hearing participants judged if (non-)vocoded sentences were pronounced with happy or sad emotion, or with adjectival or nominal focus. Sentences were recorded as natural stimuli and manipulated to contain only emotion- or focus-relevant segmental duration or F0 information or both, and then noise-vocoded with 5, 20, 80, 120, and 160 dB/octave filter slopes...
May 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595174/interactive-prosodic-marking-of-focus-boundary-and-newness-in-mandarin
#15
Bei Wang, Yi Xu, Qifan Ding
The current study investigates whether and how focus, phrase boundary and newness can be simultaneously marked in speech prosody in Mandarin Chinese. Homophones were used to construct three syntactic structures that differed only in boundary condition, focus was elicited by preceding questions, while newness of postboundary words was manipulated as whether they had occurred in the previous text. Systematic analysis of F0 and duration showed that (1) duration was a reliable correlate of boundary strength regardless of focus location, while involvement of F0 was only in terms of lowering of phrase-final F0 minima and raising of phrase-initial F0 minima at a relatively strong boundary, (2) postfocus compression (PFC) of F0 was applied across all boundaries, including those with long silent pauses (over 200 ms), and postfocus F0 was lowered to almost the same degree in all boundary conditions, and (3) newness of postfocus words had no systematic effect on F0 or duration...
June 9, 2017: Phonetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593613/effects-of-distributional-information-on-categorization-of-prosodic-contours
#16
Chigusa Kurumada, Meredith Brown, Michael K Tanenhaus
Although prosody clearly affects the interpretation of utterances, the mapping between prosodic representations and acoustic features is highly variable. Listeners may in part cope with this variability by adapting to distributions of acoustic features in the input. We examined whether listeners adapt to distributional changes using the construction It looks like an X. When pronounced with an H* pitch accent on the final noun and a low boundary tone, the construction supports an affirmative interpretation (e...
June 7, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581688/when-you-re-happy-and-i-know-it-four-year-olds-emotional-perspective-taking-during-online-language-comprehension
#17
Melanie Khu, Craig Chambers, Susan A Graham
Using a novel emotional perspective-taking task, this study investigated 4-year-olds' (n = 97) use of a speaker's emotional prosody to make inferences about the speaker's emotional state and, correspondingly, their communicative intent. Eye gaze measures indicated preschoolers used emotional perspective inferences to guide their real-time interpretation of ambiguous statements. However, these sensitivities were less apparent in overt responses, suggesting preschoolers' ability to integrate emotional perspective cues is at an emergent state...
June 5, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578222/using-prosody-to-infer-discourse-prominence-in-cochlear-implant-users-and-normal-hearing-listeners
#18
Yi Ting Huang, Rochelle S Newman, Allison Catalano, Matthew J Goupell
Cochlear implants (CIs) provide speech perception to adults with severe-to-profound hearing loss, but the acoustic signal remains severely degraded. Limited access to pitch cues is thought to decrease sensitivity to prosody in CI users, but co-occurring changes in intensity and duration may provide redundant cues. The current study investigates how listeners use these cues to infer discourse prominence. CI users and normal-hearing (NH) listeners were presented with sentences varying in prosody (accented vs...
September 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552869/foreign-accent-syndrome-caused-by-the-left-precentral-infarction-a-case-report
#19
Haruki Tokida, Yuji Shiga, Yutaka Shimoe, Shigeru Yamori, Akio Tanaka, Masaru Kuriyama
A 57-year-old right-handed man was admitted to our hospital because of right facial paresis and acute-onset dysarthria. He presented with non-fluent aphasia. His aphasia gradually improved, but he started speaking with a strange accent and intonation from the fifth hospital day. He was diagnosed with foreign accent syndrome (FAS), which lasted for 2 months. MRI revealed ischemic infarction with edema in the superior, middle, and inferior parts of the left precentral gyrus. One year later, MRI revealed old, small infarct lesions in the left precentral gyrus, middle frontal gyrus, and postcentral gyrus...
May 26, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548002/precursors-of-language-development-in-asc-a-longitudinal-single-subject-study-of-gestures-in-relation-to-phonetic-prosody
#20
Pia M Nordgren
We longitudinally investigated the development of deictic and general accompanying gestures in one 5-year-old boy with autism spectrum condition (ASC) and intellectual disability. The investigation was performed during an intervention focusing on phonological segments. The purpose was to see whether gestures developed in conjunction with language. We found that deictic and general accompanying gestures increased during the study, despite not being trained. There was also a positive temporal correlation between deictic gestures and speech...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
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