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Prosody

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626799/acute-ischemic-lesions-associated-with-impairments-in-expression-and-recognition-of-affective-prosody
#1
Amy E Wright, Cameron Davis, Yessenia Gomez, Joseph Posner, Christopher Rorden, Argye E Hillis, Donna C Tippett
PURPOSE: We aimed to: (a) review existing data on the neural basis of affective prosody;(b) test the hypothesis that there are double dissociations in impairments of expression and recognition of affective prosody; and (c) identify areas of infarct associated with impaired expression and/or recognition of affective prosody after acute right hemisphere (RH) ischemic stroke. METHODS: Participants were tested on recognition of emotional prosody in content-neutral sentences...
July 2016: Perspectives of the ASHA special interest groups
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612476/association-between-speech-language-general-cognitive-functioning-and-behaviour-problems-in-individuals-with-williams-syndrome
#2
N F Rossi, C M Giacheti
BACKGROUND: Williams syndrome (WS) phenotype is described as unique and intriguing. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between speech-language abilities, general cognitive functioning and behavioural problems in individuals with WS, considering age effects and speech-language characteristics of WS sub-groups. METHODS: The study's participants were 26 individuals with WS and their parents. General cognitive functioning was assessed with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale...
July 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599541/prosodic-exaggeration-within-infant-directed-speech-consequences-for-vowel-learnability
#3
Frans Adriaans, Daniel Swingley
Perceptual experiments with infants show that they adapt their perception of speech sounds toward the categories of the native language. How do infants learn these categories? For the most part, acoustic analyses of natural infant-directed speech have suggested that phonetic categories are not presented to learners as separable clusters of sounds in acoustic space. As a step toward explaining how infants begin to solve this problem, the current study proposes that the exaggerated prosody characteristic of infant-directed speech may highlight for infants certain speech-sound tokens that collectively form more readily identifiable categories...
May 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599540/the-perception-of-emotion-and-focus-prosody-with-varying-acoustic-cues-in-cochlear-implant-simulations-with-varying-filter-slopes
#4
Daan J van de Velde, Niels O Schiller, Vincent J van Heuven, Claartje C Levelt, Joost van Ginkel, Mieke Beers, Jeroen J Briaire, Johan H M Frijns
This study aimed to find the optimal filter slope for cochlear implant simulations (vocoding) by testing the effect of a wide range of slopes on the discrimination of emotional and linguistic (focus) prosody, with varying availability of F0 and duration cues. Forty normally hearing participants judged if (non-)vocoded sentences were pronounced with happy or sad emotion, or with adjectival or nominal focus. Sentences were recorded as natural stimuli and manipulated to contain only emotion- or focus-relevant segmental duration or F0 information or both, and then noise-vocoded with 5, 20, 80, 120, and 160 dB/octave filter slopes...
May 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595174/interactive-prosodic-marking-of-focus-boundary-and-newness-in-mandarin
#5
Bei Wang, Yi Xu, Qifan Ding
The current study investigates whether and how focus, phrase boundary and newness can be simultaneously marked in speech prosody in Mandarin Chinese. Homophones were used to construct three syntactic structures that differed only in boundary condition, focus was elicited by preceding questions, while newness of postboundary words was manipulated as whether they had occurred in the previous text. Systematic analysis of F0 and duration showed that (1) duration was a reliable correlate of boundary strength regardless of focus location, while involvement of F0 was only in terms of lowering of phrase-final F0 minima and raising of phrase-initial F0 minima at a relatively strong boundary, (2) postfocus compression (PFC) of F0 was applied across all boundaries, including those with long silent pauses (over 200 ms), and postfocus F0 was lowered to almost the same degree in all boundary conditions, and (3) newness of postfocus words had no systematic effect on F0 or duration...
June 9, 2017: Phonetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593613/effects-of-distributional-information-on-categorization-of-prosodic-contours
#6
Chigusa Kurumada, Meredith Brown, Michael K Tanenhaus
Although prosody clearly affects the interpretation of utterances, the mapping between prosodic representations and acoustic features is highly variable. Listeners may in part cope with this variability by adapting to distributions of acoustic features in the input. We examined whether listeners adapt to distributional changes using the construction It looks like an X. When pronounced with an H* pitch accent on the final noun and a low boundary tone, the construction supports an affirmative interpretation (e...
June 7, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581688/when-you-re-happy-and-i-know-it-four-year-olds-emotional-perspective-taking-during-online-language-comprehension
#7
Melanie Khu, Craig Chambers, Susan A Graham
Using a novel emotional perspective-taking task, this study investigated 4-year-olds' (n = 97) use of a speaker's emotional prosody to make inferences about the speaker's emotional state and, correspondingly, their communicative intent. Eye gaze measures indicated preschoolers used emotional perspective inferences to guide their real-time interpretation of ambiguous statements. However, these sensitivities were less apparent in overt responses, suggesting preschoolers' ability to integrate emotional perspective cues is at an emergent state...
June 5, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578222/using-prosody-to-infer-discourse-prominence-in-cochlear-implant-users-and-normal-hearing-listeners
#8
Yi Ting Huang, Rochelle S Newman, Allison Catalano, Matthew J Goupell
Cochlear implants (CIs) provide speech perception to adults with severe-to-profound hearing loss, but the acoustic signal remains severely degraded. Limited access to pitch cues is thought to decrease sensitivity to prosody in CI users, but co-occurring changes in intensity and duration may provide redundant cues. The current study investigates how listeners use these cues to infer discourse prominence. CI users and normal-hearing (NH) listeners were presented with sentences varying in prosody (accented vs...
June 1, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552869/foreign-accent-syndrome-caused-by-the-left-precentral-infarction-a-case-report
#9
Haruki Tokida, Yuji Shiga, Yutaka Shimoe, Shigeru Yamori, Akio Tanaka, Masaru Kuriyama
A 57-year-old right-handed man was admitted to our hospital because of right facial paresis and acute-onset dysarthria. He presented with non-fluent aphasia. His aphasia gradually improved, but he started speaking with a strange accent and intonation from the fifth hospital day. He was diagnosed with foreign accent syndrome (FAS), which lasted for 2 months. MRI revealed ischemic infarction with edema in the superior, middle, and inferior parts of the left precentral gyrus. One year later, MRI revealed old, small infarct lesions in the left precentral gyrus, middle frontal gyrus, and postcentral gyrus...
May 26, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548002/precursors-of-language-development-in-asc-a-longitudinal-single-subject-study-of-gestures-in-relation-to-phonetic-prosody
#10
Pia M Nordgren
We longitudinally investigated the development of deictic and general accompanying gestures in one 5-year-old boy with autism spectrum condition (ASC) and intellectual disability. The investigation was performed during an intervention focusing on phonological segments. The purpose was to see whether gestures developed in conjunction with language. We found that deictic and general accompanying gestures increased during the study, despite not being trained. There was also a positive temporal correlation between deictic gestures and speech...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544439/effects-of-cognitive-impairment-on-prosodic-parameters-of-speech-production-planning-in-multiple-sclerosis
#11
Céline De Looze, Noémie Moreau, Laurent Renié, Finnian Kelly, Alain Ghio, Audrey Rico, Bertrand Audoin, François Viallet, Jean Pelletier, Caterina Petrone
Cognitive impairment (CI) affects 40-65% of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). CI can have a negative impact on a patient's everyday activities, such as engaging in conversations. Speech production planning ability is crucial for successful verbal interactions and thus for preserving social and occupational skills. This study investigates the effect of cognitive-linguistic demand and CI on speech production planning in MS, as reflected in speech prosody. A secondary aim is to explore the clinical potential of prosodic features for the prediction of an individual's cognitive status in MS...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525641/erp-correlates-of-motivating-voices-quality-of-motivation-and-time-course-matters
#12
Konstantina Zougkou, Netta Weinstein, Silke Paulmann
Here, we conducted the first study to explore how motivations expressed through speech are processed in real-time. Participants listened to sentences spoken in two types of well-studied motivational tones (autonomy-supportive and controlling), or a neutral tone of voice. To examine this, listeners were presented with sentences that either signaled motivations through prosody (tone of voice) and words simultaneously (e.g., "You absolutely have to do it my way" spoken in a controlling tone of voice), or lacked motivationally biasing words (e...
May 19, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486038/word-segmentation-in-phonemically-identical-and-prosodically-different-sequences-using-cochlear-implants-a-case-study
#13
Anahita Basirat
Cochlear implant (CI) users frequently achieve good speech understanding based on phoneme and word recognition. However, there is a significant variability between CI users in processing prosody. The aim of this study was to examine the abilities of an excellent CI user to segment continuous speech using intonational cues. A post-lingually deafened adult CI user and 22 normal hearing (NH) subjects segmented phonemically identical and prosodically different sequences in French such as 'l'affiche' (the poster) versus 'la fiche' (the sheet), both [lafiʃ]...
2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479530/-voxel-based-morphometry-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Hidenori Yamasue
Autism spectrum disorder shows deficits in social communication and interaction including nonverbal communicative behaviors (e.g., eye contact, gestures, voice prosody, and facial expressions) and restricted and repetitive behaviors as its core symptoms. These core symptoms are emerged as an atypical behavioral development in toddlers with the disorder. Atypical neural development is considered to be a neural underpinning of such behaviorally atypical development. A number of studies using voxel-based morphometry have already been conducted to compare regional brain volumes between individuals with autism spectrum disorder and those with typical development...
May 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457018/modulation-of-the-n400-component-in-relation-to-hypomanic-personality-traits-in-a-word-meaning-ambiguity-resolution-task
#15
Delphine Raucher-Chéné, Sarah Terrien, Pamela Gobin, Fabien Gierski, Arthur Kaladjian, Chrystel Besche-Richard
AIM: High levels of hypomanic personality traits have been associated with an increased risk of developing bipolar disorder (BD). Changes in semantic content, impaired verbal associations, abnormal prosody, and abnormal speed of language are core features of BD, and are thought to be related to semantic processing abnormalities. In the present study, we used event-related potentials to investigate the relation between semantic processing (N400 component) and hypomanic personality traits...
April 29, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438437/schizophrenia-patients-have-higher-order-language-and-extralinguistic-impairments
#16
Agnieszka Pawełczyk, Magdalena Kotlicka-Antczak, Emila Łojek, Anna Ruszpel, Tomasz Pawełczyk
INTRODUCTION: The extralinguistic and paralinguistic aspects of the language refer to higher-order language functions such as lexical-semantic processes, prosody, indirect speech acts or discourse comprehension and production. Studies suggest that these processes are mediated by the Right Hemisphere (RH) and there is also some evidence of RH dysfunctions in schizophrenia. The aim of the paper is to investigate the extralinguistic and paralinguistic processing mediated by Right Hemisphere in schizophrenia patients using a validated and standardized battery of tests...
April 21, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418324/prosody-perception-and-production-in-children-with-hearing-loss-and-age-and-gender-matched-controls
#17
Rose Thomas Kalathottukaren, Suzanne C Purdy, Elaine Ballard
BACKGROUND: Auditory development in children with hearing loss, including the perception of prosody, depends on having adequate input from cochlear implants and/or hearing aids. Lack of adequate auditory stimulation can lead to delayed speech and language development. Nevertheless, prosody perception and production in people with hearing loss have received less attention than other aspects of language. The perception of auditory information conveyed through prosody using variations in the pitch, amplitude, and duration of speech is not usually evaluated clinically...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403279/acoustic-analysis-of-speech-intonation-pattern-of-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#18
Ana Gabriela Olivati, Francisco Baptista Assumpção, Andréa Regina Nunes Misquiatti
Purpose: This study aimed to analyze prosodic elements of speech segments of students with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and compare with the control group, using an acoustic analysis. Methods: Speech recordings were performed with a sample of individuals with ASD (n = 19) and with typical development (n = 19) of the male gender, age range: 8-33 years. The prosody questionnaire ALIB (Brazilian Linguistic Atlas) was used as script, which contains interrogative, affirmative and imperative sentences...
April 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384662/a-diagnostic-marker-to-discriminate-childhood-apraxia-of-speech-from-speech-delay-iv-the-pause-marker-index
#19
Lawrence D Shriberg, Edythe A Strand, Marios Fourakis, Kathy J Jakielski, Sheryl D Hall, Heather B Karlsson, Heather L Mabie, Jane L McSweeny, Christie M Tilkens, David L Wilson
Purpose: Three previous articles provided rationale, methods, and several forms of validity support for a diagnostic marker of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS), termed the pause marker (PM). Goals of the present article were to assess the validity and stability of the PM Index (PMI) to scale CAS severity. Method: PM scores and speech, prosody, and voice precision-stability data were obtained for participants with CAS in idiopathic, neurogenetic, and complex neurodevelopmental disorders; adult-onset apraxia of speech consequent to stroke and primary progressive apraxia; and idiopathic speech delay...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384509/brain-responses-to-biological-motion-predict-treatment-outcome-in-young-adults-with-autism-receiving-virtual-reality-social-cognition-training-preliminary-findings
#20
Y J Daniel Yang, Tandra Allen, Sebiha M Abdullahi, Kevin A Pelphrey, Fred R Volkmar, Sandra B Chapman
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized by remarkable heterogeneity in social, communication, and behavioral deficits, creating a major barrier in identifying effective treatments for a given individual with ASD. To facilitate precision medicine in ASD, we utilized a well-validated biological motion neuroimaging task to identify pretreatment biomarkers that can accurately forecast the response to an evidence-based behavioral treatment, Virtual Reality-Social Cognition Training (VR-SCT). In a preliminary sample of 17 young adults with high-functioning ASD, we identified neural predictors of change in emotion recognition after VR-SCT...
June 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
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