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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910731/selective-attention-to-emotional-prosody-in-social-anxiety-a-dichotic-listening-study
#1
Virginie Peschard, Eva Gilboa-Schechtman, Pierre Philippot
The majority of evidence on social anxiety (SA)-linked attentional biases to threat comes from research using facial expressions. Emotions are, however, communicated through other channels, such as voice. Despite its importance in the interpretation of social cues, emotional prosody processing in SA has been barely explored. This study investigated whether SA is associated with enhanced processing of task-irrelevant angry prosody. Fifty-three participants with high and low SA performed a dichotic listening task in which pairs of male/female voices were presented, one to each ear, with either the same or different prosody (neutral or angry)...
December 2, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908075/the-relationship-between-perceptual-disturbances-in-dysarthric-speech-and-automatic-speech-recognition-performance
#2
Ming Tu, Alan Wisler, Visar Berisha, Julie M Liss
State-of-the-art automatic speech recognition (ASR) engines perform well on healthy speech; however recent studies show that their performance on dysarthric speech is highly variable. This is because of the acoustic variability associated with the different dysarthria subtypes. This paper aims to develop a better understanding of how perceptual disturbances in dysarthric speech relate to ASR performance. Accurate ratings of a representative set of 32 dysarthric speakers along different perceptual dimensions are obtained and the performance of a representative ASR algorithm on the same set of speakers is analyzed...
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907039/prosody-predicts-contest-outcome-in-non-verbal-dialogs
#3
Amélie N Dreiss, Philippe G Chatelain, Alexandre Roulin, Heinz Richner
Non-verbal communication has important implications for inter-individual relationships and negotiation success. However, to what extent humans can spontaneously use rhythm and prosody as a sole communication tool is largely unknown. We analysed human ability to resolve a conflict without verbal dialogs, independently of semantics. We invited pairs of subjects to communicate non-verbally using whistle sounds. Along with the production of more whistles, participants unwittingly used a subtle prosodic feature to compete over a resource (ice-cream scoops)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877106/the-language-tone-and-prosody-of-emotions-neural-substrates-and-dynamics-of-spoken-word-emotion-perception
#4
REVIEW
Einat Liebenthal, David A Silbersweig, Emily Stern
Rapid assessment of emotions is important for detecting and prioritizing salient input. Emotions are conveyed in spoken words via verbal and non-verbal channels that are mutually informative and unveil in parallel over time, but the neural dynamics and interactions of these processes are not well understood. In this paper, we review the literature on emotion perception in faces, written words, and voices, as a basis for understanding the functional organization of emotion perception in spoken words. The characteristics of visual and auditory routes to the amygdala-a subcortical center for emotion perception-are compared across these stimulus classes in terms of neural dynamics, hemispheric lateralization, and functionality...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869904/-neural-basis-of-social-cognition-in-bipolar-disorder
#5
Filippo Turchi, Giovanni Amodeo, Ettore Favaretto, Stefania Righini, Eugenia Mellina, Carmelo La Mela, Andrea Fagiolini
AIM: This article review studies social and interpersonal functioning in patients with bipolar disorder (BD), and reports on the neurobiological underpinnings of the dysfunctions in emotion recognition, i.e. one of the main domains of social cognition. METHODS: A bibliographical research of controlled studies from 1967 to 2015 was completed in PubMed and PsycINFO using the keywords: "fMRI", "emotion comprehension", "emotion perception", "affect comprehension", "affect perception", "facial expression", "prosody", "theory of mind", "mentalizing", "attributional style", "social perception", "empathy" and "bipolar disorder" or "unipolar depression"...
September 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817761/words-are-not-enough-how-preschoolers-integration-of-perspective-and-emotion-informs-their-referential-understanding
#6
Susan A Graham, Valerie San Juan, Melanie Khu
When linguistic information alone does not clarify a speaker's intended meaning, skilled communicators can draw on a variety of cues to infer communicative intent. In this paper, we review research examining the developmental emergence of preschoolers' sensitivity to a communicative partner's perspective. We focus particularly on preschoolers' tendency to use cues both within the communicative context (i.e. a speaker's visual access to information) and within the speech signal itself (i.e. emotional prosody) to make on-line inferences about communicative intent...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803656/recruitment-of-language-emotion-and-speech-timing-associated-brain-regions-for-expressing-emotional-prosody-investigation-of-functional-neuroanatomy-with-fmri
#7
Rachel L C Mitchell, Agnieszka Jazdzyk, Manuela Stets, Sonja A Kotz
We aimed to progress understanding of prosodic emotion expression by establishing brain regions active when expressing specific emotions, those activated irrespective of the target emotion, and those whose activation intensity varied depending on individual performance. BOLD contrast data were acquired whilst participants spoke non-sense words in happy, angry or neutral tones, or performed jaw-movements. Emotion-specific analyses demonstrated that when expressing angry prosody, activated brain regions included the inferior frontal and superior temporal gyri, the insula, and the basal ganglia...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802287/how-psychological-stress-affects-emotional-prosody
#8
Silke Paulmann, Desire Furnes, Anne Ming Bøkenes, Philip J Cozzolino
We explored how experimentally induced psychological stress affects the production and recognition of vocal emotions. In Study 1a, we demonstrate that sentences spoken by stressed speakers are judged by naïve listeners as sounding more stressed than sentences uttered by non-stressed speakers. In Study 1b, negative emotions produced by stressed speakers are generally less well recognized than the same emotions produced by non-stressed speakers. Multiple mediation analyses suggest this poorer recognition of negative stimuli was due to a mismatch between the variation of volume voiced by speakers and the range of volume expected by listeners...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792967/the-effect-of-comorbid-depression-on-facial-and-prosody-emotion-recognition-in-first-episode-schizophrenia-spectrum
#9
Sarah E Herniman, Kelly A Allott, Eóin Killackey, Robert Hester, Sue M Cotton
BACKGROUND: Comorbid depression is common in first-episode schizophrenia spectrum (FES) disorders. Both depression and FES are associated with significant deficits in facial and prosody emotion recognition performance. However, it remains unclear whether people with FES and comorbid depression, compared to those without comorbid depression, have overall poorer emotion recognition, or instead, a different pattern of emotion recognition deficits. The aim of this study was to compare facial and prosody emotion recognition performance between those with and without comorbid depression in FES...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774072/processing-load-imposed-by-line-breaks-in-english-temporal-wh-questions
#10
Masako Hirotani, J Michael Terry, Norihiro Sadato
Prosody plays an important role in online sentence processing both explicitly and implicitly. It has been shown that prosodically packaging together parts of a sentence that are interpreted together facilitates processing of the sentence. This applies not only to explicit prosody but also implicit prosody. The present work hypothesizes that a line break in a written text induces an implicit prosodic break, which, in turn, should result in a processing bias for interpreting English wh-questions. Two experiments-one self-paced reading study and one questionnaire study-are reported...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773955/the-role-of-prominence-in-determining-the-scope-of-boundary-related-lengthening-in-greek
#11
Argyro Katsika
This study aims at examining and accounting for the scope of the temporal effect of phrase boundaries. Previous research has indicated that there is an interaction between boundary-related lengthening and prominence such that the former extends towards the nearby prominent syllable. However, it is unclear whether this interaction is due to lexical stress and/or phrasal prominence (marked by pitch accent) and how far towards the prominent syllable the effect extends. Here, we use an electromagnetic articulography (EMA) study of Greek to examine the scope of boundary-related lengthening as a function of lexical stress and pitch accent separately...
March 2016: Journal of Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770496/-frank-presentations-as-a-novel-research-construct-and-element-of-diagnostic-decision-making-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Ashley de Marchena, Judith Miller
Many individuals with ASD have a distinctive behavioral presentation that is recognizable within moments, a phenomenon we call "frank" ASD. This phenomenon has been discussed informally for decades, perhaps as "classic" ASD; however, there is no unitary "classic" presentation, and classic autism does not seem to correspond to level of functioning. Thus, neither "frank" nor "classic" autism has been delineated or studied as a research construct. To initiate the empirical study of frank ASD, we surveyed 151 clinicians, from a range of disciplines that diagnose ASD, about this phenomenon...
October 21, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750464/do-long-term-tongue-piercings-affect-speech-quality
#13
Esther Heinen, Peter Birkholz, Klaus Willmes, Christiane Neuschaefer-Rube
PURPOSE: To explore possible effects of tongue piercing on perceived speech quality. METHODS: Using a quasi-experimental design, we analyzed the effect of tongue piercing on speech in a perception experiment. Samples of spontaneous speech and read speech were recorded from 20 long-term pierced and 20 non-pierced individuals (10 males, 10 females each). The individuals having a tongue piercing were recorded with attached and removed piercing. The audio samples were blindly rated by 26 female and 20 male laypersons and by 5 female speech-language pathologists with regard to perceived speech quality along 5 dimensions: speech clarity, speech rate, prosody, rhythm and fluency...
October 18, 2016: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744224/verbal-fluency-in-bipolar-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Delphine Raucher-Chéné, Amélie M Achim, Arthur Kaladjian, Chrystel Besche-Richard
BACKGROUND: One of the main features of bipolar disorder (BD), besides mood dysregulation, is an alteration of the structure of language. Bipolar patients present changes in semantic contents, impaired verbal associations, abnormal prosody and abnormal speed of language highlighted with various experimental tasks. Verbal fluency tasks are widely used to assess the abilities of bipolar patients to retrieve and produce verbal material from the lexico-semantic memory. Studies using these tasks have however yielded discrepant results...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736811/the-atlanta-motor-speech-disorders-corpus-motivation-development-and-utility
#15
Jacqueline Laures-Gore, Scott Russell, Rupal Patel, Michael Frankel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This paper describes the design and collection of a comprehensive spoken language dataset from speakers with motor speech disorders in Atlanta, Ga., USA. This collaborative project aimed to gather a spoken database consisting of nonmainstream American English speakers residing in the Southeastern US in order to provide a more diverse perspective of motor speech disorders. METHODS: Ninety-nine adults with an acquired neurogenic disorder resulting in a motor speech disorder were recruited...
October 14, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733835/emotional-and-interactional-prosody-across-animal-communication-systems-a-comparative-approach-to-the-emergence-of-language
#16
Piera Filippi
Across a wide range of animal taxa, prosodic modulation of the voice can express emotional information and is used to coordinate vocal interactions between multiple individuals. Within a comparative approach to animal communication systems, I hypothesize that the ability for emotional and interactional prosody (EIP) paved the way for the evolution of linguistic prosody - and perhaps also of music, continuing to play a vital role in the acquisition of language. In support of this hypothesis, I review three research fields: (i) empirical studies on the adaptive value of EIP in non-human primates, mammals, songbirds, anurans, and insects; (ii) the beneficial effects of EIP in scaffolding language learning and social development in human infants; (iii) the cognitive relationship between linguistic prosody and the ability for music, which has often been identified as the evolutionary precursor of language...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726501/classifying-song-and-speech-effects-of-focal-temporal-lesions-and-musical-disorder
#17
Julia Merrill, Marc Bangert, Daniela Sammler, Angela D Friederici
Song and speech represent two auditory categories the brain usually classifies fairly easily. Functionally, this classification ability may depend to a great extent on characteristic features of pitch patterns present in song melody and speech prosody. Anatomically, the temporal lobe (TL) has been discussed as playing a prominent role in the processing of both. Here we tested individuals with congenital amusia and patients with unilateral left and right TL lesions in their ability to categorize song and speech...
October 11, 2016: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725686/impaired-socio-emotional-processing-in-a-developmental-music-disorder
#18
César F Lima, Olivia Brancatisano, Amy Fancourt, Daniel Müllensiefen, Sophie K Scott, Jason D Warren, Lauren Stewart
Some individuals show a congenital deficit for music processing despite normal peripheral auditory processing, cognitive functioning, and music exposure. This condition, termed congenital amusia, is typically approached regarding its profile of musical and pitch difficulties. Here, we examine whether amusia also affects socio-emotional processing, probing auditory and visual domains. Thirteen adults with amusia and 11 controls completed two experiments. In Experiment 1, participants judged emotions in emotional speech prosody, nonverbal vocalizations (e...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695428/punctuation-and-implicit-prosody-in-silent-reading-an-erp-study-investigating-english-garden-path-sentences
#19
John E Drury, Shari R Baum, Hope Valeriote, Karsten Steinhauer
This study presents the first two ERP reading studies of comma-induced effects of covert (implicit) prosody on syntactic parsing decisions in English. The first experiment used a balanced 2 × 2 design in which the presence/absence of commas determined plausibility (e.g., John, said Mary, was the nicest boy at the party vs. John said Mary was the nicest boy at the party). The second reading experiment replicated a previous auditory study investigating the role of overt prosodic boundaries in closure ambiguities (Pauker et al...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683956/emotional-prosody-effects-on-verbal-memory-in-older-and-younger-adults
#20
Beth Fairfield, Alberto Di Domenico, Sonia Serricchio, Erika Borella, Nicola Mammarella
Prosody, or the way things are said, can modify the meaning of utterances making qualitatively different affective prosodies useful for understanding how auditory affective information is processed and remembered. In this study, we collected behavioral data from 225 younger (M age = 20.8 years, SD = 2.5 years; 119 males) and 225 older adults (M age = 71.6 years, SD = 6.5 years; 119 males) in order to examine age differences in emotional prosody effects on verbal memory. Participants were randomly divided into three subgroups according to different prosody listening conditions (positive, negative, and neutral) and prosody effects on a yes-no recognition memory task were investigated...
August 10, 2016: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
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