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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810816/prosody-of-dual-focus-in-german-interaction-between-focus-and-phrasing
#1
Bei Wang, Caroline Féry
This paper studies the prosodic realization of dual-focus in German, that is, two foci in a single sentence, with special consideration of the interaction between focus assignment and phrasing. In a production experiment, dual-focus was compared with its initial, final, and all-new counterparts in sentences with subject NPs and VPs of different lengths. The results showed that there were three different patterns of dual-focus realization: (1) The most frequent one was the two-peak pattern (57.8%), that is, a falling tone on both focused words and compressed and lowered pitch in-between; (2) the second most frequent was the two-phrase realization (23...
August 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794973/increased-glutamate-gaba-ratio-in-a-shared-autistic-and-schizotypal-trait-phenotype-termed-social-disorganisation
#2
Talitha C Ford, Richard Nibbs, David P Crewther
Autism and schizophrenia are multi-dimensional spectrum disorders that have substantial phenotypic overlap. This overlap is readily identified in the non-clinical population, and has been conceptualised as Social Disorganisation (SD). This study investigates the balance of excitatory glutamate and inhibitory γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) concentrations in a non-clinical sample with high and low trait SD, as glutamate and GABA abnormalities are reported across the autism and schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Participants were 18 low (10 females) and 19 high (9 females) SD scorers aged 18 to 40 years who underwent (1)H-MRS for glutamate and GABA+macromolecule (GABA+) concentrations in right and left hemisphere superior temporal (ST) voxels...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790903/increase-in-beta-band-activity-during-preparation-for-overt-speech-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Peter Sörös, Nuria Doñamayor, Catharina Wittke, Mohamed Al-Khaled, Norbert Brüggemann, Thomas F Münte
Speech impairment is a frequent and often serious symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD), characterized by a disorder of phonation, articulation and prosody. While research on the pathogenesis of the prominent limb motor symptoms has made considerable progress in recent years, the pathophysiology of PD speech impairment is still incompletely understood. To investigate the neural correlates of speech production in PD, EEG was recorded in 14 non-demented patients with idiopathic PD and preserved verbal fluency on regular dopaminergic medication (8 women; mean age ± SD: 69...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774670/exploring-a-method-for-evaluation-of-preschool-and-school-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-through-checking-their-understanding-of-the-speaker-s-emotions-with-the-help-of-prosody-of-the-voice
#4
Mayumi Horie, Hitoshi Okamura
PURPOSE: We attempted to evaluate the ability of 125 preschool and school children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD children) to understand the intentions of those speaking to them using prosody of the voice, by comparing it with that of 119 typically developing children (TDC) and 51 development-age-matched children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD children), and to explore, based on the results, a method for objective evaluation of children with ASD in the early and later periods of childhood...
July 31, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764593/right-ear-precedence-and-vocal-emotion-contagion-the-role-of-the-left-hemisphere
#5
Astrid Schepman, Paul Rodway, Louise Cornmell, Bethany Smith, Sabrina Lauren de Sa, Ciara Borwick, Elisha Belfon-Thompson
Much evidence suggests that the processing of emotions is lateralized to the right hemisphere of the brain. However, under some circumstances the left hemisphere might play a role, particularly for positive emotions and emotional experiences. We explored whether emotion contagion was right-lateralized, lateralized valence-specifically, or potentially left-lateralized. In two experiments, right-handed female listeners rated to what extent emotionally intoned pseudo-sentences evoked target emotions in them. These sound stimuli had a 7 ms ear lead in the left or right channel, leading to stronger stimulation of the contralateral hemisphere...
August 2, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764484/beyond-lexical-meaning-the-effect-of-emotional-prosody-on-spoken-word-recognition
#6
Seung Kyung Kim, Meghan Sumner
This study employs an auditory-visual associative priming paradigm to test whether non-emotional words uttered in emotional prosody (e.g., pineapple spoken in angry prosody or happy prosody) facilitate recognition of semantically emotional words (e.g., mad, upset or smile, joy). The results show an affective priming effect between emotional prosody and emotional words independent of lexical carriers of the prosody. Learned acoustic patterns in speech (e.g., emotional prosody) map directly to social concepts and representations, and this social information influences the spoken word recognition process...
July 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752796/lay-listener-classification-and-evaluation-of-typical-and-atypical-children-s-speech
#7
Melissa A Redford, Vsevolod Kapatsinski, Jolynn Cornell-Fabiano
Verbal children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often also have atypical speech. In the context of the many challenges associated with ASD, do speech sound pattern differences really matter? The current study addressed this question. Structured spontaneous speech was elicited from 34 children: 17 with ASD, whose clinicians reported unusual speech prosody; and 17 typically-developing, age-matched controls. Multiword utterances were excerpted from each child's speech sample and presented to young adult listeners, who had no clinical training or experience...
July 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733335/motor-speech-signature-of-behavioral-variant-frontotemporal-dementia-refining-the-phenotype
#8
Adam P Vogel, Matthew L Poole, Hugh Pemberton, Marja W J Caverlé, Frederique M C Boonstra, Essie Low, David Darby, Amy Brodtmann
OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive description of motor speech function in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). METHODS: Forty-eight individuals (24 bvFTD and 24 age- and sex-matched healthy controls) provided speech samples. These varied in complexity and thus cognitive demand. Their language was assessed using the Progressive Aphasia Language Scale and verbal fluency tasks. Speech was analyzed perceptually to describe the nature of deficits and acoustically to quantify differences between patients with bvFTD and healthy controls...
July 21, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724589/affective-prosody-in-frontotemporal-dementia-the-importance-of-pitching-it-right
#9
EDITORIAL
Cristian E Leyton, Argye E Hillis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724588/automatic-measurement-of-prosody-in-behavioral-variant-ftd
#10
Naomi Nevler, Sharon Ash, Charles Jester, David J Irwin, Mark Liberman, Murray Grossman
OBJECTIVE: To help understand speech changes in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), we developed and implemented automatic methods of speech analysis for quantification of prosody, and evaluated clinical and anatomical correlations. METHODS: We analyzed semi-structured, digitized speech samples from 32 patients with bvFTD (21 male, mean age 63 ± 8.5, mean disease duration 4 ± 3.1 years) and 17 matched healthy controls (HC). We automatically extracted fundamental frequency (f0, the physical property of sound most closely correlating with perceived pitch) and computed pitch range on a logarithmic scale (semitone) that controls for individual and sex differences...
July 19, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720526/effects-of-musical-expertise-on-oscillatory-brain-activity-in-response-to-emotional-sounds
#11
Sophie Nolden, Simon Rigoulot, Pierre Jolicoeur, Jorge L Armony
Emotions can be conveyed through a variety of channels in the auditory domain, be it via music, non-linguistic vocalizations, or speech prosody. Moreover, recent studies suggest that expertise in one sound category can impact the processing of emotional sounds in other sound categories as they found that musicians process more efficiently emotional musical and vocal sounds than non-musicians. However, the neural correlates of these modulations, especially their time course, are not very well understood. Consequently, we focused here on how the neural processing of emotional information varies as a function of sound category and expertise of participants...
July 15, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704068/breaking-down-barriers-in-pediatric-mental-health-consultations-understanding-patients-use-of-i-don-t-know
#12
Ashley M Hesson, Heike Pichler
Barriers to effective provider-patient communication take many forms that can be difficult to recognize and appropriately address. This paper offers probabilistic indicators for one such form, patient-produced "I don't know" (IDK), distinguishing its use as a cognitive claim and its use as a strategy for resisting discussion of sensitive topics. A total of 95 audio-recorded psychiatrist-child interactions are drawn from a US-wide corpus of physician-patient consultations. From these, 376 patient-produced IDKs are extracted and coded for linguistic/social factors, including form, function, prosody, age, gender, and primary diagnosis...
July 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700143/consequences-of-brain-tumour-resection-on-emotion-recognition
#13
Giulia Mattavelli, Alberto Pisoni, Alessandra Casarotti, Alessandro Comi, Giada Sera, Marco Riva, Alberto Bizzi, Marco Rossi, Lorenzo Bello, Costanza Papagno
Emotion processing impairments are common in patients undergoing brain surgery for fronto-temporal tumour resection, with potential consequences on social interactions. However, evidence is controversial concerning side and site of lesions causing such deficits. This study investigates visual and auditory emotion recognition in brain tumour patients with the aim of clarifying which lesion sites are related to impairments in emotion processing from different modalities. Thirty-four patients were evaluated, before and after surgery, on facial expression and emotional prosody recognition; voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping (VLSM) analyses were performed on patients' post-surgery MRI images...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697697/postfocal-downstep-in-german
#14
Frank Kügler, Caroline Féry
This article is a follow-up study of Féry and Kügler (2008. Pitch accent scaling on given, new and focused constituents in German. Journal of Phonetics, 36, 680-703). It reports on an experiment of the F0 height of potential pitch accents in the postfocal region of German sentences and addresses in this way an aspect of the influence of information structure on the intonation of sentences that was left open in the previous article. The results of the experiment showed that, when several constituents are located in this position, they are often in a downstep relation, but are rarely upstepped...
June 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694512/pet-directed-speech-draws-adult-dogs-attention-more-efficiently-than-adult-directed-speech
#15
Sarah Jeannin, Caroline Gilbert, Mathieu Amy, Gérard Leboucher
Humans speak to dogs using a special speech register called Pet-Directed Speech (PDS) which is very similar to Infant-Directed Speech (IDS) used by parents when talking to young infants. These two type of speech share prosodic features that are distinct from the typical Adult-Directed Speech (ADS): a high pitched voice and an increased pitch variation. So far, only one study has investigated the effect of PDS on dogs' attention. We video recorded 44 adult pet dogs and 19 puppies when listening to the same phrase enounced either in ADS or in PDS or in IDS...
July 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663732/preserved-crossmodal-integration-of-emotional-signals-in-binge-drinking
#16
Séverine Lannoy, Valérie Dormal, Mélanie Brion, Joël Billieux, Pierre Maurage
Binge drinking is an alcohol consumption pattern with various psychological and cognitive consequences. As binge drinking showed qualitatively comparable cognitive impairments to those reported in alcohol-dependence, a continuum hypothesis suggests that this habit would be a first step toward alcohol-related disorders. Besides these cognitive impairments, alcohol-dependence is also characterized by large-scale deficits in emotional processing, particularly in crossmodal contexts, and these abilities have scarcely been explored in binge drinking...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649923/detecting-abnormal-voice-prosody-through-single-word-utterances-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#17
Yasushi Nakai, Tetsuya Takiguchi, Gakuyo Matsui, Noriko Yamaoka, Satoshi Takada
Abnormal prosody is often evident in the voice intonations of individuals with autism spectrum disorders. We compared a machine-learning-based voice analysis with human hearing judgments made by 10 speech therapists for classifying children with autism spectrum disorders ( n = 30) and typical development ( n = 51). Using stimuli limited to single-word utterances, machine-learning-based voice analysis was superior to speech therapist judgments. There was a significantly higher true-positive than false-negative rate for machine-learning-based voice analysis but not for speech therapists...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647830/the-comprehension-of-syntactic-and-affective-prosody-by-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-without-accompanying-cognitive-deficits
#18
Maria Martzoukou, Despina Papadopoulou, Mary-Helen Kosmidis
The present study investigates the comprehension of syntactic and affective prosody in adults with autism spectrum disorder without accompanying cognitive deficits (ASD w/o cognitive deficits) as well as age-, education- and gender-matched unimpaired adults, while processing orally presented sentences. Two experiments were conducted: (a) an on-line sentence completion task containing local subject/object ambiguities and (b) an affective prosody task exploring the comprehension of six emotions. The syntactic prosody task revealed that the experimental group performed similar to the control group on the fillers and the object condition...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626799/acute-ischemic-lesions-associated-with-impairments-in-expression-and-recognition-of-affective-prosody
#19
Amy E Wright, Cameron Davis, Yessenia Gomez, Joseph Posner, Christopher Rorden, Argye E Hillis, Donna C Tippett
PURPOSE: We aimed to: (a) review existing data on the neural basis of affective prosody;(b) test the hypothesis that there are double dissociations in impairments of expression and recognition of affective prosody; and (c) identify areas of infarct associated with impaired expression and/or recognition of affective prosody after acute right hemisphere (RH) ischemic stroke. METHODS: Participants were tested on recognition of emotional prosody in content-neutral sentences...
July 2016: Perspectives of the ASHA special interest groups
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612476/association-between-speech-language-general-cognitive-functioning-and-behaviour-problems-in-individuals-with-williams-syndrome
#20
N F Rossi, C M Giacheti
BACKGROUND: Williams syndrome (WS) phenotype is described as unique and intriguing. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between speech-language abilities, general cognitive functioning and behavioural problems in individuals with WS, considering age effects and speech-language characteristics of WS sub-groups. METHODS: The study's participants were 26 individuals with WS and their parents. General cognitive functioning was assessed with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale...
July 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
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