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Prosody

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525641/erp-correlates-of-motivating-voices-quality-of-motivation-and-time-course-matters
#1
Konstantina Zougkou, Netta Weinstein, Silke Paulmann
Here, we conducted the first study to explore how motivations expressed through speech are processed in real-time. Participants listened to sentences spoken in two types of well-studied motivational tones (autonomy-supportive and controlling), or a neutral tone of voice. To examine this, listeners were presented with sentences that either signaled motivations through prosody (tone of voice) and words simultaneously (e.g., "You absolutely have to do it my way" spoken in a controlling tone of voice), or lacked motivationally biasing words (e...
May 19, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486038/word-segmentation-in-phonemically-identical-and-prosodically-different-sequences-using-cochlear-implants-a-case-study
#2
Anahita Basirat
Cochlear implant (CI) users frequently achieve good speech understanding based on phoneme and word recognition. However, there is a significant variability between CI users in processing prosody. The aim of this study was to examine the abilities of an excellent CI user to segment continuous speech using intonational cues. A post-lingually deafened adult CI user and 22 normal hearing (NH) subjects segmented phonemically identical and prosodically different sequences in French such as 'l'affiche' (the poster) versus 'la fiche' (the sheet), both [lafiʃ]...
2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479530/-voxel-based-morphometry-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Hidenori Yamasue
Autism spectrum disorder shows deficits in social communication and interaction including nonverbal communicative behaviors (e.g., eye contact, gestures, voice prosody, and facial expressions) and restricted and repetitive behaviors as its core symptoms. These core symptoms are emerged as an atypical behavioral development in toddlers with the disorder. Atypical neural development is considered to be a neural underpinning of such behaviorally atypical development. A number of studies using voxel-based morphometry have already been conducted to compare regional brain volumes between individuals with autism spectrum disorder and those with typical development...
May 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457018/modulation-of-the-n400-component-in-relation-to-hypomanic-personality-traits-in-a-word-meaning-ambiguity-resolution-task
#4
Delphine Raucher-Chéné, Sarah Terrien, Pamela Gobin, Fabien Gierski, Arthur Kaladjian, Chrystel Besche-Richard
AIM: High levels of hypomanic personality traits have been associated with an increased risk of developing bipolar disorder (BD). Changes in semantic content, impaired verbal associations, abnormal prosody and abnormal speed of language are core features of BD, and are thought to be related to semantic processing abnormalities. In the present study, we used event-related potentials to investigate the relationship between semantic processing (N400 component) and hypomanic personality traits...
April 29, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438437/schizophrenia-patients-have-higher-order-language-and-extralinguistic-impairments
#5
Agnieszka Pawełczyk, Magdalena Kotlicka-Antczak, Emila Łojek, Anna Ruszpel, Tomasz Pawełczyk
INTRODUCTION: The extralinguistic and paralinguistic aspects of the language refer to higher-order language functions such as lexical-semantic processes, prosody, indirect speech acts or discourse comprehension and production. Studies suggest that these processes are mediated by the Right Hemisphere (RH) and there is also some evidence of RH dysfunctions in schizophrenia. The aim of the paper is to investigate the extralinguistic and paralinguistic processing mediated by Right Hemisphere in schizophrenia patients using a validated and standardized battery of tests...
April 21, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418324/prosody-perception-and-production-in-children-with-hearing-loss-and-age-and-gender-matched-controls
#6
Rose Thomas Kalathottukaren, Suzanne C Purdy, Elaine Ballard
BACKGROUND: Auditory development in children with hearing loss, including the perception of prosody, depends on having adequate input from cochlear implants and/or hearing aids. Lack of adequate auditory stimulation can lead to delayed speech and language development. Nevertheless, prosody perception and production in people with hearing loss have received less attention than other aspects of language. The perception of auditory information conveyed through prosody using variations in the pitch, amplitude, and duration of speech is not usually evaluated clinically...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403279/acoustic-analysis-of-speech-intonation-pattern-of-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#7
Ana Gabriela Olivati, Francisco Baptista Assumpção, Andréa Regina Nunes Misquiatti
Purpose: This study aimed to analyze prosodic elements of speech segments of students with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and compare with the control group, using an acoustic analysis. Methods: Speech recordings were performed with a sample of individuals with ASD (n = 19) and with typical development (n = 19) of the male gender, age range: 8-33 years. The prosody questionnaire ALIB (Brazilian Linguistic Atlas) was used as script, which contains interrogative, affirmative and imperative sentences...
April 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384662/a-diagnostic-marker-to-discriminate-childhood-apraxia-of-speech-from-speech-delay-iv-the-pause-marker-index
#8
Lawrence D Shriberg, Edythe A Strand, Marios Fourakis, Kathy J Jakielski, Sheryl D Hall, Heather B Karlsson, Heather L Mabie, Jane L McSweeny, Christie M Tilkens, David L Wilson
Purpose: Three previous articles provided rationale, methods, and several forms of validity support for a diagnostic marker of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS), termed the pause marker (PM). Goals of the present article were to assess the validity and stability of the PM Index (PMI) to scale CAS severity. Method: PM scores and speech, prosody, and voice precision-stability data were obtained for participants with CAS in idiopathic, neurogenetic, and complex neurodevelopmental disorders; adult-onset apraxia of speech consequent to stroke and primary progressive apraxia; and idiopathic speech delay...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384509/brain-responses-to-biological-motion-predict-treatment-outcome-in-young-adults-with-autism-receiving-virtual-reality-social-cognition-training-preliminary-findings
#9
Y J Daniel Yang, Tandra Allen, Sebiha M Abdullahi, Kevin A Pelphrey, Fred R Volkmar, Sandra B Chapman
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized by remarkable heterogeneity in social, communication, and behavioral deficits, creating a major barrier in identifying effective treatments for a given individual with ASD. To facilitate precision medicine in ASD, we utilized a well-validated biological motion neuroimaging task to identify pretreatment biomarkers that can accurately forecast the response to an evidence-based behavioral treatment, Virtual Reality-Social Cognition Training (VR-SCT). In a preliminary sample of 17 young adults with high-functioning ASD, we identified neural predictors of change in emotion recognition after VR-SCT...
June 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371645/preserved-appreciation-of-aesthetic-elements-of-speech-and-music-prosody-in-an-amusic-individual-a-holistic-approach
#10
Ariadne Loutrari, Marjorie Perlman Lorch
We present a follow-up study on the case of a Greek amusic adult, B.Z., whose impaired performance on scale, contour, interval, and meter was reported by Paraskevopoulos, Tsapkini, and Peretz in 2010, employing a culturally-tailored version of the Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Amusia. In the present study, we administered a novel set of perceptual judgement tasks designed to investigate the ability to appreciate holistic prosodic aspects of 'expressiveness' and emotion in phrase length music and speech stimuli...
March 31, 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368179/supplementing-intensive-targeted-computerized-cognitive-training-with-social-cognitive-exercises-for-people-with-schizophrenia-an-interim-report
#11
Melissa Fisher, Mor Nahum, Elizabeth Howard, Abby Rowlands, Benjamin Brandrett, Amy Kermott, Joshua Woolley, Sophia Vinogradov
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with schizophrenia demonstrate cognitive, social cognitive, and motivational deficits that contribute to impairment in real-world functioning. In the current study, we investigated the effects of supplementing computerized neurocognitive training with social cognitive exercises, as compared with neurocognitive training alone. METHOD: In this ongoing, double-blind, randomized controlled trial of 111 participants with psychosis, we compare the effects of supplementing intensive targeted cognitive training with social cognitive training exercises (TCT + SCT) with the effects of targeted cognitive training alone (TCT-only)...
March 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367672/prosody-improves-detection-of-spoonerisms-versus-both-sensible-and-nonsense-phrases
#12
Damian G Kelty-Stephen, Erik P Raymakers, Krista M Matthews-Saugstad
Prosody is the pattern of inflection, pitch, and intensity that communicates emotional meaning above and beyond the individual meanings of lexical items and gestures during spoken language. Research has often addressed prosody extending most clearly across multiple speech chunks and carrying properties specific to individual speakers and individual intents. However, prosody exerts effects on intended meaning even for relatively brief speech streams with minimal syntactic cues. The present work seeks to test whether prosody may actually clarify the intended meaning of a two-word phrase even when the basic phonemic sequence of the words is distorted...
March 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351534/learning-word-order-at-birth-a-nirs-study
#13
Silvia Benavides-Varela, Judit Gervain
In language, the relative order of words in sentences carries important grammatical functions. However, the developmental origins and the neural correlates of the ability to track word order are to date poorly understood. The current study therefore investigates the origins of infants' ability to learn about the sequential order of words, using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) with newborn infants. We have conducted two experiments: one in which a word order change was implemented in 4-word sequences recorded with a list intonation (as if each word was a separate item in a list; list prosody condition, Experiment 1) and one in which the same 4-word sequences were recorded with a well-formed utterance-level prosodic contour (utterance prosody condition, Experiment 2)...
March 14, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351003/experimental-investigation-of-cognitive-and-affective-empathy-in-borderline-personality-disorder-effects-of-ambiguity-in-multimodal-social-information-processing
#14
Inga Niedtfeld
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by affective instability and interpersonal problems. In the context of social interaction, impairments in empathy are proposed to result in inadequate social behavior. In contrast to findings of reduced cognitive empathy, some authors suggested enhanced emotional empathy in BPD. It was investigated whether ambiguity leads to decreased cognitive or emotional empathy in BPD. Thirty-four patients with BPD and thirty-two healthy controls were presented with video clips, which were presented through prosody, facial expression, and speech content...
March 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345401/the-prosody-of-topic-transition-in-interaction-pitch-register-variations
#15
Marine Riou
In conversation, speakers can mobilize a variety of prosodic cues to signal a switch in topics. This paper uses a mixed-methods approach combining Conversation Analysis and Instrumental Prosody to investigate the prosody of topic transition in American English, and analyzes the ways in which speakers can play on register level and on register span. A cluster of three prosodic parameters was found to be predictive of transitions: a higher maximum fundamental frequency (F0), a higher median F0 (key), and an expanded register span...
March 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341015/impairment-of-social-function-in-young-females-with-recent-onset-anorexia-nervosa-and-recovered-individuals
#16
Mette Bentz, Jens Richardt Moellegaard Jepsen, Tine Pedersen, Cynthia M Bulik, Lennart Pedersen, Anne Katrine Pagsberg, Kerstin J Plessen
PURPOSE: A subgroup of individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) displays social difficulties; however, it is not clear if individuals with comorbid autism spectrum disorders account for these difficulties. METHODS: We compared social function using the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule in 43 young females with first-episode AN who did not have comorbid autism spectrum disorder, 28 individuals recovered from adolescent-onset AN, and 41 healthy comparison individuals (age range 14-22 years)...
January 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334381/mirroring-the-social-aspects-of-speech-and-actions-the-role-of-the-insula
#17
G Di Cesare, M Marchi, A Errante, F Fasano, G Rizzolatti
Action and speech may take different forms, being expressed, for example, gently or rudely. These aspects of social communication, named vitality forms, have been little studied in neuroscience. In the present functional magnetic resonance imaging study, we investigated the role of insula in processing action and speech vitality forms. In speech runs, participants were asked to listen or imaging themselves to pronounce action verbs gently or rudely. In action runs, they were asked to observe or imaging themselves to perform actions gently or rudely...
March 1, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294714/where-is-the-beat-the-neural-correlates-of-lexical-stress-and-rhythmical-well-formedness-in-auditory-story-comprehension
#18
Katerina D Kandylaki, Karen Henrich, Arne Nagels, Tilo Kircher, Ulrike Domahs, Matthias Schlesewsky, Ina Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, Richard Wiese
While listening to continuous speech, humans process beat information to correctly identify word boundaries. The beats of language are stress patterns that are created by combining lexical (word-specific) stress patterns and the rhythm of a specific language. Sometimes, the lexical stress pattern needs to be altered to obey the rhythm of the language. This study investigated the interplay of lexical stress patterns and rhythmical well-formedness in natural speech with fMRI. Previous electrophysiological studies on cases in which a regular lexical stress pattern may be altered to obtain rhythmical well-formedness showed that even subtle rhythmic deviations are detected by the brain if attention is directed toward prosody...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288369/phrasal-prosody-constrains-syntactic-analysis-in-toddlers
#19
Alex de Carvalho, Isabelle Dautriche, Isabelle Lin, Anne Christophe
This study examined whether phrasal prosody can impact toddlers' syntactic analysis. French noun-verb homophones were used to create locally ambiguous test sentences (e.g., using the homophone as a noun: [le bébésouris] [a bien mangé] - [the baby mouse] [ate well] or using it as a verb: [le bébé] [sourità sa maman] - [the baby] [smiles to his mother], where brackets indicate prosodic phrase boundaries). Although both sentences start with the same words (le-bebe-/suʁi/), they can be disambiguated by the prosodic boundary that either directly precedes the critical word /suʁi/ when it is a verb, or directly follows it when it is a noun...
March 10, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278485/dynamic-multimodal-measurement-of-depression-severity-using-deep-autoencoding
#20
Hamdi Dibeklioglu, Zakia Hammal, Jeffrey F Cohn
Depression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders worldwide, with over 350 million people affected. Current methods to screen for and assess depression depend almost entirely on clinical interviews and self-report scales. While useful, such measures lack objective, systematic, and efficient ways of incorporating behavioral observations that are strong indicators of depression presence and severity. Using dynamics of facial and head movement and vocalization, we trained classifiers to detect three levels of depression severity...
March 2, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
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