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Self-care dialysis

Verónica Poveda, Leonilde Amado, Madalena Filgueiras, Laetitia Teixeira, Vasco Miranda, Alice Santos-Silva, Constança Paúl, Elísio Costa
Non-adherence to medical plans is recognized as an important problem in dialysis patients, since it has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality, resulting in disproportionately high costs of care. The success of renal replacement therapy depends on the adherence of patients to the different aspects of the therapeutic strategy, which includes a complex drug regimen involving a wide variety of drugs and doses, several prescribed dialysis sessions with different durations, dietetic recommendations and restriction of fluid intake...
October 20, 2016: Renal Failure
Matthew W Semler, Jonathan P Wanderer, Jesse M Ehrenfeld, Joanna L Stollings, Wesley H Self, Edward D Siew, Li Wang, Daniel W Byrne, Andrew D Shaw, Gordon R Bernard, Todd W Rice
RATIONALE: Saline is the intravenous fluid most commonly administered to critically ill adults, but may be associated with acute kidney injury and death. Whether use of balanced crystalloids rather than saline affects patient outcomes remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: To pilot a cluster-randomized, multiple-crossover trial using software tools within the electronic health record to compare saline to balanced crystalloids. METHODS: Cluster-randomized, multiple-crossover trial among 974 adults admitted to a tertiary medical intensive care unit from February 3, 2015 through May 31, 2015...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Yukihiro Ikeda
A questionnaire survey was conducted to determine the current status of home medical care (HMC) waste collection by nurses for individual items and whether the collection rate differs with city size. The questionnaire was mailed to 1,022 nursing offices, of which 645 offices provided valid responses. Offices were classified into three groups according to the local population size. Responses indicated that used syringes and needles except for pen-type self-injection needles, was collected by >50% of HMC nurses...
October 3, 2016: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
John Dotis, Antigoni Pavlaki, Nikoleta Printza, Stella Stabouli, Stamatia Antoniou, Chrysa Gkogka, Nikolaos Kontodimopoulos, Fotios Papachristou
BACKGROUND: Progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD), irrespective of the underlying etiology, affects the quality of life (QoL) of children due to the need for regular follow-up visits, a strict medication program and diet intake. METHODS: The Greek version of the KIDSCREEN-52 multidimensional questionnaire was used in children with CKD, renal transplantation (RT) and in a control group (CG) of healthy children. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients between 8 and 18 years, with CKD (n = 25), RT (n = 16) and with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on peritoneal dialysis (PD) (n = 14) were included...
September 27, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Simon R Knowles, Chantal F Ski, Robyn Langham, Emmet O'Flaherty, David R Thompson, Susan L Rossell, Gaye Moore, Ya-Seng Arthur Hsueh, David J Castle
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) are serious and growing health problems with enormous impact on psychological and social functioning. Despite high rates of comorbid depression and anxiety in these patient populations, and the adverse impact these have upon treatment adherence, quality of life, social connectedness and healthcare costs there has been little attention focused on the prevention or management of these problems. Thus, our aim was to evaluate the Dialysis Optimal Health Program (DOHP) that adopts a person-centred approach and engages collaborative therapy to educate and support those diagnosed with ESKD who are commencing dialysis...
2016: Trials
Melissa H Little, Alexander N Combes, Minoru Takasato
The treatment of renal failure has seen little change in the past 70 years. Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are treated with renal replacement therapy, including dialysis or organ transplantation. The growing imbalance between the availability of donor organs and prevalence of ESRD is pushing an increasing number of patients to undergo dialysis. Although the prospect of new treatment options for patients through regenerative medicine has long been suggested, advances in the generation of human kidney cell types through the directed differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells over the past 2 years have brought this prospect closer to delivery...
October 2016: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
Maria O'Shaughnessy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 19, 2016: Nursing Ethics
Shima Ghannadi, Atieh Amouzegar, Parisa Amiri, Ronak Karbalaeifar, Zhale Tahmasebinejad, Sara Kazempour-Ardebili
Background. Type 2 diabetes is an increasingly common condition with several preventable microvascular complications such as kidney damage. Nephropathy is expensive to manage, especially as hospital dialysis treatment. Improving patients' knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) toward their condition can achieve better control, delay complications, and improve their quality of life. This study evaluated the KAP and self-care behaviors of diabetic patients on dialysis and variables that affect it. Methods. This cross-sectional study was conducted at Shahid Beheshti academic hospitals of Tehran, Iran...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Matthew J Oliver, Ahmed A Al-Jaishi, Stephanie N Dixon, Jeffrey Perl, Arsh K Jain, Susan D Lavoie, Danielle M Nash, J Michael Paterson, Charmaine E Lok, Robert R Quinn
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Assisted peritoneal dialysis is a treatment option for individuals with barriers to self-care who wish to receive home dialysis, but previous research suggests that this treatment modality is associated with a higher rate of hospitalization. The objective of our study was to determine whether assisted peritoneal dialysis has a different rate of hospital days compared to in-center hemodialysis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a multicenter, retrospective cohort study by linking a quality assurance dataset to administrative health data in Ontario, Canada...
September 7, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Joanna L Hudson, Rona Moss-Morris, David Game, Amy Carroll, Joseph Chilcot
BACKGROUND: There is significant psychological distress in adults with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). However, psychological treatments tailored to address the unique challenges of kidney failure are absent. We identified psychological correlates of distress in ESKD to develop a cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) treatment protocol that integrates the mental health needs of patients alongside their illness self-management demands. METHODS: Studies which examined relationships between distress and psychological factors that apply in the context of ESKD including: health threats, cognitive illness representations and illness management behaviours were narratively reviewed...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Renal Care
Julie Y Chen, Eric Y F Wan, Karina H Y Chan, Anca K C Chan, Frank W K Chan, Cindy L K Lam
BACKGROUND: Haemodialysis (HD) is one of the life-saving options for patients with end stage renal disease but demand for this treatment exceeds capacity in publicly funded hospitals. One novel approach to addressing this problem is through a shared-care model whereby government hospitals partner with qualified private HD service providers to increase the accessibility of HD for needy patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate and enhance the quality of care (QOC) provided in such a shared-care programme in Hong Kong, the Haemodialysis Public-Private Partnership Programme (HD-PPP)...
2016: BMC Nephrology
R N Vanitha, S Kavimani, P Soundararajan, D Chamundeeswari, G Kannan, S Rengarajan
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition and inflammation are associated with morbidity and mortality in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). Ghrelin, an orexigenic peptide hormone, is speculated to be associated with nutritional and inflammatory status in MHD. AIM: To assess the serum total ghrelin levels and its possible relationship with inflammation and nutritional status in patients on MHD. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 90 patients on MHD for 6 months and above (56 males, 34 females, mean age 52...
May 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
Farzad Poorgholami, Parisa Mansoori, Zohreh Montaseri, Kazem Najafi
BACKGROUND: Various strategies such as teaching self care to hemodialysis patients have been employed to increase the level of their hope. This study aimed at examining the effects of a telephone follow-up program on the level of hope in a self care education program. METHODS: In this single-blind randomized controlled clinical trial, 75 hemodialysis patients, selected by convenient sampling, were randomly assigned to 3 groups (n=25 each) including a control, a self care education, or a self care education with telephone follow-up...
July 2016: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
Anuradha Jayanti, Philip Foden, Alison Wearden, Sandip Mitra
BACKGROUND: Interest in self-care haemodialysis (HD) has increased because it improves patients'clinical and quality-of-life outcomes. Patients who undertake self-management for haemodialysis may hold illness beliefs differently to those choosing institutional care at the time of making the modality choice or moulded by their illness and dialysis treatment experience. Illness perceptions amongst predialysis patients and in those undertaking fully-assisted and self-care haemodialysis are being investigated in a combined cross-sectional and longitudinal study...
2016: PloS One
Shu-Fang Vivienne Wu, Nan-Chen Hsieh, Li-Ju Lin, Juin-Ming Tsai
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was to investigate: (1) the important factors in the self-care of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and (2) the mediating effects of self-efficacy on knowledge and self-care. BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease has become a major global health issue and is one of the top 10 leading causes of death in Taiwan where the dialysis population ranks first in the world. The number of patients with poor self-care behaviours continues to rise despite ongoing health education...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Michelle Howard, Aaron J Bonham, Daren K Heyland, Rebecca Sudore, Konrad Fassbender, Carole A Robinson, Michael McKenzie, Dawn Elston, John J You
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility, acceptability and clinical sensibility of a novel survey, the advance care planning (ACP) Engagement Survey, in various healthcare settings. SETTING: A target sample of 50 patients from each of primary care, hospital, cancer care and dialysis care settings. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of patients without cognitive impairment who could speak and read English was recruited. Patients 50 and older were eligible in primary care; patients 80 and older or 55 and older with clinical markers of advanced chronic disease were recruited in hospital; patients aged 19 and older were recruited in cancer and renal dialysis centres...
2016: BMJ Open
Luca Pomidori, Nicola Lamberti, Anna Maria Malagoni, Fabio Manfredini, Enrico Pozzato, Michele Felisatti, Luigi Catizone, Antonio Barillà, Alessandro Zuccalà, Giovanni Tripepi, Francesca Mallamaci, Carmine Zoccali, Annalisa Cogo
AIM: Skeletal muscle atrophy and dysfunction with associated weakness may involve the respiratory muscles of dialysis patients. We evaluated the effect of moderate-intensity exercise on lung function and respiratory muscle strength. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients (25 F, aged 65 ± 13 years) from two centers participating in the multicenter randomized clinical trial EXerCise Introduction To Enhance Performance in Dialysis (EXCITE) were studied. Subjects were randomized into a prescribed exercise group (E), wherein subjects performed two 10-min walking sessions every second day at an intensity below the self-selected speed, or a control group (C) with usual care...
June 16, 2016: Journal of Nephrology
Claire Reid, Julie Seymour, Colin Jones
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients on in-center dialysis spend significant amounts of time in the dialysis unit; additionally, managing ESRD affects many aspects of life outside the dialysis unit. To improve the care provided to patients requiring hemodialysis, their experiences and beliefs regarding treatment must be understood. This systematic review aimed to synthesize the experiences of patients receiving in-center hemodialysis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We searched Embase, MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsychINFO, Google Scholar, and reference lists for primary qualitative studies published from 1995 to 2015 that explored the experiences of adult patients receiving treatment with in-center hemodialysis...
July 7, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Chung-Liang Shih, Tuan-Hsun Chang, Dana A Jensen, Chiung-Hsuan Chiu
BACKGROUND: Dialysis has long been a critical issue in the field of nephrology, though the burden this lifesaving technology places on society can be immense. Effectively increasing the health literacy of hemodialysis patients can be beneficial for their health outcomes and self-care abilities. Thus, the aims of this study are to: (1) develop a health literacy assessment tool in Chinese for patients receiving hemodialysis treatment; (2) assess the health literacy level of the Taiwanese hemodialysis population using the tool developed...
2016: BMC Nephrology
Stephen B Wilcox, Michelle Carver, May Yau, Peter Sneeringer, Sarah Prichard, Luis Alvarez, Glenn M Chertow
Introduction Home hemodialysis has not been widely adopted despite superior outcomes relative to conventional in-center hemodialysis. Patients receiving home hemodialysis experience high rates of technique failure owing to machine complexity, training burden, and the inability to master treatments independently. Methods We conducted human factors testing on 15 health care professionals (HCPs) and 15 patients upon release of the defined training program on the Tablo™ Hemodialysis System. Each participant completed one training and one testing session conducted in a simulated clinical environment...
May 19, 2016: Hemodialysis International
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