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Colon diverticules

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451517/-burden-of-diverticular-disease-an-observational-analysis-based-on-italian-real-world-data
#1
Francesco Saverio Mennini, Paolo Sciattella, Andrea Marcellusi, Bernardo Toraldo, Maurizio Koch
INTRODUCTION: Diverticular disease (DD) represent a wide variety of conditions associated with the presence of diverticula in the colon. The most serious form is an acute episode of diverticulitis which can lead to hospitalization and surgery with various types of consequences. The main aim of this study was to evaluate, from both cross-sectional and longitudinal perspective, the economic burden of diverticulitis in the real practice. METHOD: A deterministic linkage was performed at individual user level between the different administrative sources of the Marche Region through anonymised ID number for a period of analysis between 1 January 2008 and 31 December 2014...
January 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420429/elevated-venous-thromboembolism-risk-following-colectomy-for-ibd-is-equal-to-those-for-colorectal-cancer-for-ninety-days-after-surgery
#2
Fadwa Ali, Sadeer G Al-Kindi, Jacqueline J Blank, Carrie Y Peterson, Kirk A Ludwig, Timothy J Ridolfi
BACKGROUND: The risk of postoperative venous thromboembolism is high in patients with colon cancer and IBD. Although The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons suggests posthospital prophylaxis after surgery in patients with colon cancer, there are no such recommendations for patients with IBD. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze the incidence and risk factors for postoperative venous thromboembolism. DESIGN: This was a retrospective review using the Explorys platform...
March 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413216/acute-diverticulitis-management
#3
REVIEW
Deborah L Ellison
Diverticular disease accounts for approximately 300,000 hospitalizations per year in the United States, resulting in 1.5 million days of inpatient care. Diverticulitis is defined as an inflammation of the diverticulum, which can be asymptomatic or symptomatic. This disease is the third most common gastrointestinal illness that requires hospitalization and the leading indication for elective colon resection. Abdominal pain is the most common complaint in patients with acute diverticulitis. The pain can be described as cramping, constant, and persistent for several days...
March 2018: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413211/gastrointestinal-traumatic-injuries-gastrointestinal-perforation
#4
REVIEW
Maria A Revell, Marcia A Pugh, Melanie McGhee
The abdomen is a big place even in a small person. Gastrointestinal trauma can result in injury to the stomach, small bowel, colon, or rectum. Traumatic causes include blunt or penetrating trauma, such as gunshot wounds, stabbings, motor vehicle collisions, and crush injuries. Nontraumatic causes include appendicitis, Crohn disease, cancer, diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis, blockage of the bowel, and chemotherapy. The mechanism of injury will affect both the nature and severity of any resulting injuries. Treatment must address the critical and emergent nature of these injuries as well as issues that affect all trauma situations, which include management of hemodynamic instability...
March 2018: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397242/a-rare-case-of-acute-right-sided-colonic-diverticulitis-presenting-as-pancreatitis
#5
Maria de Lourdes Ladino Sturchler, Evan A Rusoja, Arun Nagdev, Barry C Simon
BACKGROUND: This case report highlights the clinical presentation, radiologic findings, and medical management of a case of right colonic diverticulitis (RCD) with concomitant pancreatitis, a rare and easily missed entity in the emergency department (ED) of Western hemisphere countries. In our report, we present and discuss a case of RCD that led to pancreatitis in a female Asian patient. We review the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of this disorder, and also discuss some complications associated with RCD...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372651/gamma-glutamyltransferase-possible-novel-biomarker-in-colon-diverticulosis-a-case-control-study
#6
Constantin Bălăeţ, Bogdan Ioan Coculescu, Gheorghe Manole, Maria Bălăeţ, Gabi Valeriu Dincă
The gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) is recognized in medical practice as a useful indicator for the detection of liver lesions, especially those induced by the excessive consumption of alcoholic or cholesterol-associated drinks. The present study, although it includes a very small number of cases diagnosed with colon diverticulosis-diverticulitis associated with polyposis at the same intestinal level, identifies the presence of increased circulating concentrations of this enzyme in the serum. Its serum levels are tracked "dynamically" throughout a year after the diagnosis and start of the therapy...
December 2018: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366311/acute-diverticulitis-and-surgical-treatment
#7
José V Roig, Luis Sánchez-Guillén, Juan J GARCíA-Armengol
Diverticulitis is a common condition in industrialized countries and an important cause of hospital admissions. Its growing trend is a challenge for the surgeons who perform emergency surgery, because approximately 15-25 percent of the patients will require surgery, being the surgical management of complicated acute diverticulitis controversial. The past decade has seen a paradigm shift in the treatment of sigmoid diverticulitis based on new epidemiological studies and refinement of surgical techniques that has produced a reassessment of our guidelines...
January 23, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362329/-a-case-of-sigmoid-colon-cancer-it-was-found-from-penetration-of-sigmoid-diverticulum
#8
Shigeaki Kurihara, Naoki Aomatsu, Yasutake Uchima, Chihoko Nobori, Yoshihito Yamakoshi, En Wang, Daisuke Nagashima, Toshiki Hirakawa, Takehiko Iwauchi, Junya Morimoto, Seika Tei, Kazunori Nakazawa, Kazuhiro Takeuchi
A 52-year-old woman presented with sudden left lower abdominal pain, fever, and vomiting. As the symptom got improved immediately she went home then. She consulted our hospital with chief complaint of the left lower abdominal mass. Abdominal computed tomography revealed sigmoid colon cancer with abscess. She was diagnosed with sigmoid colon cancer via colonoscopy. Sigmoidectomy including partial resection of the abdominal wall was performed(D3 lymphadenectomy). Surgical specimen showed penetration of diverticulum on mucous membrane of the lesion which had been thought of a abdominal wall permeation and a tumor of I sp type at anal side...
January 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356787/prolonged-recurrent-abdominal-pain-is-associated-with-ongoing-underlying-mucosal-inflammation-in-patients-who-had-an-episode-of-acute-complicated-diverticulitis
#9
Adi Lahat, Daniela Necula, Miri Yavzori, Orit Picard, Sharon Halperin, Rami Eliakim, Shomron Ben-Horin
BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest continuous chronic inflammation in patients after an acute diverticulitis (AD) episode. GOALS: The aim of this article was to compare clinical parameters, inflammatory cytokine expression, and immune-cell infiltrates between patients after severe versus nonsevere AD, as defined by radiology examination during the acute episode. STUDY: Sixteen patients, after suffering an episode of AD, were included, and, of them, 8 had severe disease...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336748/an-update-on-the-current-management-of-perforated-diverticulitis
#10
REVIEW
Evon Zoog, W Heath Giles, Robert A Maxwell
The management of perforated diverticulitis is a challenging aspect of general surgery. The prevalence of colonic diverticular disease has increased over the last decade and will continue to increase as the baby boomers add to the elderly population. Improvements in diagnostic imaging modalities, efforts to maintain intestinal continuity, and percutaneous drainage procedures now result in several alternatives when selecting a management strategy for complicated presentations. Specifically, laparoscopic lavage and resection with primary anastomosis have emerged as options for treatment of Hinchey III and IV diverticulitis in place of diversion in the appropriately selected patient...
December 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334144/acute-gastrointestinal-bleeding-from-appendiceal-diverticulitis-diagnosed-preoperatively-by-combined-short-interval-computed-tomography-and-colonoscopy-a-case-report
#11
Yutaro Ogawa, Naoki Asayama, Shinji Nagata
Colonic diverticular bleeding is the most common cause of lower gastrointestinal bleeding1,2 . Appendiceal diverticulosis is an uncommon clinical entity, with an incidence of 0.004%-2% in surgical pathologic specimens3,4 . Appendiceal diverticulitis in symptomatic patients should be treated with early resection, because of the risk of perforation and peritonitis; the rate of perforation is higher in appendicitis (27%) with diverticulosis than in appendicitis alone (6.6%)5 . Untreated appendiceal diverticulitis can also lead to massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage and abscess formation, and has a potential role in the development of pseudomyxoma peritonei...
January 15, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297793/colonic-diverticulosis-and-diverticular-hemorrhage-in-a-geriatric-female-orangutan-pongo-abelii
#12
Simone Vitali, Paul Eden, Karen Payne, Geoffrey Forbes
A 57-yr-old female Sumatran orangutan ( Pongo abelii) presented with signs of intermittent lethargy and inappetence, then subsequently developed profuse hemorrhagic diarrhea. Colonoscopy under anesthesia revealed diverticulosis of the descending colon, with multiple large diverticula containing fecoliths. There was no evidence of diverticulitis, but a regenerative anemia had developed following an acute diverticular bleed. The orangutan recovered with conservative therapy. Colonic diverticulosis has been reported in nonhuman primates and appears to have a similar clinical presentation to the condition as it occurs in humans...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204676/surgical-management-in-acute-diverticulitis-and-its-association-with-multi-detector-ct-modified-hinchey-classification-and-clinical-parameters
#13
David D B Bates, Marina Bernal Fernandez, Cecilia Ponchiardi, Michael von Plato, Joshua P Teich, Chaitan Narsule, Stephan W Anderson, Avneesh Gupta, Christina A LeBedis
PURPOSE: To assess whether CT findings, clinical parameters, and modified Hinchey classification are predictive of management outcomes of patients with acute diverticulitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were accrued between January 2014 and December 2015. A total of 301 adult subjects were identified from radiology reports, of which six who did not met the inclusion criteria were excluded, thus yielding 295 subjects. Subjects were 43.1% (n = 127) male and 56.9% female (n = 168), with mean age 51...
December 4, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181150/colo-ovarian-fistula
#14
Matthew Rosenzweig, Jessica Marshall, Ronald A White, Misha Tismenetsky, Dwarkanath Shembde
Colo-ovarian fistula is a rare entity. The case of a 54-year-old female with a colo-ovarian fistula is presented. We describe our experience in managing this complication of diverticulitis and propose a workup and treatment plan. Initial imaging and diagnostic studies are described. En-bloc resection of the sigmoid colon and ovary was performed. A review of the literature is presented.
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178125/laparoscopic-versus-open-resection-for-sigmoid-diverticulitis
#15
REVIEW
Iosief Abraha, Gian A Binda, Alessandro Montedori, Alberto Arezzo, Roberto Cirocchi
BACKGROUND: Diverticular disease is a common condition in Western industrialised countries. Most individuals remain asymptomatic throughout life; however, 25% experience acute diverticulitis. The standard treatment for acute diverticulitis is open surgery. Laparoscopic surgery - a minimal-access procedure - offers an alternative approach to open surgery, as it is characterised by reduced operative stress that may translate into shorter hospitalisation and more rapid recovery, as well as improved quality of life...
November 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159165/clinical-features-and-factors-associated-with-surgical-treatment-in-patients-with-complicated-colonic-diverticulitis
#16
Pill Sun Paik, Jung-A Yun
Purpose: Colonic diverticulitis is uncommon in Korea, but the incidence is rapidly increasing nowadays. The clinical features and the factors associated with complications of diverticulitis are important for properly treating the disease. Methods: A retrospective review of the medical records of 225 patients that were prospectively collected between October 2007 and September 2016 was conducted. Results: Diverticulitis was detected mainly in men and women aged 30 to 50 years...
October 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133083/jejunal-diverticulitis-review-and-treatment-algorithm
#17
Houssem Harbi, Nizar Kardoun, Sami Fendri, Nouha Dammak, Nozha Toumi, Ahmed Guirat, Rafik Mzali
Diverticulitis is much less common in the jejunum than in colonic diverticula probably because of diverticulum larger size, better intra-luminal flow and relatively sterile jejunal content. Complications of jejunal diverticulitis are acute intestinal obstruction, diverticular bleeding and mainly perforation with mesenteric abscess, localized or generalized peritonitis. The Multi-detector row computed tomography is now the best diagnostic imaging for small bowel diverticulitis as well as its complications. Magnetic resonance enterography is also quite useful but it is still impractical to resort to such an imaging in an abdominal emergency...
November 10, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118874/pharmacobezoar-an-unusual-cause-of-large-bowel-obstruction
#18
Rishitha Yelisetti, Areig Awad, Bushra Ambreen, Ritika Zijoo, Sara Wallach
Large bowel obstruction (LBO) is an abdominal emergency with high morbidity and mortality rates if left untreated. LBO is four to five times less frequent than small bowel obstruction (SBO) and the causes of LBO and SBO differ substantially. Colonic malignancy remains the most common cause of LBO (> 60%). Additional causes of LBO include entities such as diverticulitis, colonic volvulus, and adhesion. Herein we present a case of acute LBO caused by pharmacobezoar.
October 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098095/medical-approach-to-right-colon-diverticulitis-with-perforation
#19
James Espinosa, Rahul Sharma, Alan Lucerna, Doug Stranges
We report a case of a 71-year-old female who presented with right lower quadrant (RLQ) abdominal pain and was diagnosed on CT scan with right-sided diverticulitis with perforation. She was admitted under the surgical service after consultation and received intravenous fluids, intravenous antibiotics, and pain medications as needed. The patient was discharged 2 days after admission in stable condition with follow-up with gastroenterology. The differential diagnosis of right lower quadrant abdominal pain is vast...
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090326/asian-patients-with-hinchey-ia-acute-diverticulitis-a-condition-for-the-ambulatory-setting
#20
Dedrick Kok Hong Chan, Ker-Kan Tan
BACKGROUND: Diverticulitis in Asians is a different disease entity from Western counterparts. Few Asian studies have evaluated the management of acute Hinchey Ia diverticulitis with consideration for outpatient management. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of Asian patients with Hinchey Ia acute diverticulitis. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients who were treated for Hinchey Ia acute colonic diverticulitis between 2012 and 2014 was performed...
October 31, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
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