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Colon diverticules

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212260/laparoscopic-approach-in-colonic-diverticulitis-dispelling-myths-and-misperceptions
#1
Panagiota Gralista, Demetrios Moris, Michail Vailas, Anastasios Angelou, Athanasios Petrou, Evangelos Felekouras, Alexandros Papalampros
BACKGROUND/AIM: Diverticular disease is a first-class health care problem and one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders in western industrialized countries, causing significant morbidity and mortality. In this review of the literature, we aim to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of the laparoscopic approach in both elective and emergency setting of diverticular disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A bibliographic search of articles was performed using the electronic database Medline from PubMed...
February 16, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209102/diverticulitis-in-the-young-population%C3%A2-reconsidering-conventional-recommendations
#2
U Syed, R Companioni, R Bansal, H Alkhawam, A Walfish
BACKGROUND: In the past diverticulitis was believed to be uncommon in the young population. However, there is growing concern suggesting that these patients develop more severe clinical symptoms and may require more frequent intervention. METHOD: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients with diverticulitis in individuals with age less than 40 years over an 8 year period (2007-2015). Diagnosis was confirmed with a CT scan. In addition to age we took into consideration race, gender, anemia (hematocrit< 41), leukocytosis (WBC > 12), BMI and whether it was an initial episode or recurrence...
July 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208110/trocar-site-evisceration-of-the-vermiform-appendix-following-laparoscopic-sigmoid-colectomy-a-case-report
#3
Jagdeep Singh Bhangu, Ruth Exner, Thomas Bachleitner-Hofmann
INTRODUCTION: There is an ongoing debate whether prophylactic drainage or incidental appendectomy should be performed in patients undergoing colorectal surgery. On the other hand, it has been shown that the placement of drains through former trocar sites as well as the use of large (≥10mm) trocars, incomplete fascial closure or closed laparoscopy technique all predispose for the occurrence of trocar site hernias. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the case of a 59-year-old male patient who underwent laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy with primary anastomosis for recurrent sigmoid diverticulitis...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163946/diverticular-pylephlebitis-and-polymicrobial-septicemia
#4
Pradhum Ram, Kamolyut Lapumnuaypol, Chitra Punjabi
Diverticulitis primarily affects the sigmoid colon and is often complicated by intra-abdominal abscesses and fistulas. Rarely, however, mesenteric venous thrombosis has been known to occur. Optimal management is still unclear. We report the first case of polymicrobial sepsis resulting from diverticular pylephlebitis, managed successfully with bowel rest, antibiotics, and anticoagulation.
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133329/-a-case-of-a-laparoscopically-resected-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-of-the-stomach
#5
Tomoki Hariu, Yoshihito Nako, Shigeki Yamasaki, Takashi Kitade, Motomi Wakasa, Teruhisa Sonoyama
During treatment for sigmoid colon diverticulitis, a 72-year-old man underwent abdominal computed tomography, which revealed a gastric tumor that was approximately 40mm in diameter. He then underwent a detailed examination after the remission of diverticulitis. The gastric mucosa was found to be unremarkable on gastrointestinal endoscopy. On ultrasonic endoscopy, however, a hypoechoic mass of approximately 40mm in diameter was detected in the fourth layer of the gastric fornix and was believed to be a gastric submucosal tumor(SMT)...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119866/management-of-colonic-diverticulitis-tailored-to-location-and-severity-comparison-of-the-right-and-the-left-colon
#6
Byeoung Hoon Chung, Gi Won Ha, Min Ro Lee, Jong Hun Kim
PURPOSE: This study assessed optimal management of colonic diverticulitis as functions of disease location and severity and factors associated with complicated diverticulitis. METHODS: This retrospective review analyzed 202 patients diagnosed between 2007 and 2014 at Chonbuk National University Hospital, South Korea, with colonic diverticulitis by using abdominopelvic computed tomography. Diverticulitis location was determined, and disease severity was categorized using the modified Hinchey classification...
December 2016: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119862/what-is-the-difference-between-right-and-left-sided-colonic-diverticulitis
#7
EDITORIAL
Chang-Nam Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110383/risk-factors-for-recurrence-after-acute-colonic-diverticulitis-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Line Hupfeld, Jakob Burcharth, Hans-Christian Pommergaard, Jacob Rosenberg
PURPOSE: Several factors may influence the risk of recurrence after an episode of acute colonic diverticulitis. Until now, a comprehensive systematic overview and evaluation of relevant risk factors have not been presented. This review aimed at assembling and evaluating current evidence on risk factors for recurrence after conservatively treated acute colonic diverticulitis. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched for studies evaluating risk factors for recurrence after acute diverticulitis treated non-surgically defined as antibiotic treatment, percutaneous abscess drainage, or by observation...
January 22, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035461/is-early-colonoscopy-after-ct-diagnosed-diverticulitis-still-necessary
#9
Thomas Surya Suhardja, Shana Norhadi, Edward Zhenyu Seah, Stephen Rodgers-Wilson
PURPOSE: WHO GLOBOCAN 2012 data showed that Australia and New Zealand have the highest incidence rates of colorectal cancer in the world (Ferlay et al. 1). Current guidelines recommend that patients admitted for an episode of acute diverticulitis require an early follow-up colonoscopy to rule out colorectal malignancy as reported by Fozard et al. (Colorectal Dis 13:1-11, 2011). Recent studies however have indicated that this may not be warranted (Brar et al. Dis Colon rectum 56:1259-1264, 2013)...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024211/conservative-approach-to-hepatic-portal-venous-gas-a-case-report
#10
G C Ginesu, M Barmina, M L Cossu, C F Feo, A Fancellu, F Addis, A Porcu
INTRODUCTION: Hepatic Portal Venous Gas (HPVG), a rare condition in which gas accumulates in the portal venous circulation, is often associated with a significant underlying pathology, such as Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis, pancreatitis, sepsis, intra-abdominal abscess, endoscopic procedures, mesenteric ischemia, abdominal trauma. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here we report a case of HPVG in an 82-year-old patient who underwent a left colectomy for stenosing tumor of the descending colon...
December 11, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995299/-colovesical-fistulas-an-interdisciplinary-challenge
#11
R Albrecht, T Weirich, O Reichelt, U Settmacher, C Bochmann
BACKGROUND: The aim of treatment of patients with colovesical fistulas should be prompt elimination of the infection and the social burden. We focused on the question whether a minimally invasive surgical approach as a cooperation between surgeons and urologists is possible. This requires effective diagnostics prior to the operation. METHODS: Since 2007 a total of 32 patients with the clinical suspicion of colovesical fistula have undergone extensive preoperative diagnostics...
December 19, 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990793/therapeutic-management-of-acute-uncomplicated-diverticulitis
#12
Y Claire Fan, Anne F Peery
Acute diverticulitis is a painful disease of the colon characterized by peridiverticular inflammation and/or infection. The spectrum of acute diverticulitis ranges from isolated peridiverticular inflammation all the way to free perforation with purulent or feculent peritonitis. Among gastrointestinal disorders, acute diverticulitis is one of the most common diagnoses in the ambulatory setting and principal hospital discharge diagnoses. Acute diverticulitis accounts for substantial utilization of healthcare resources and is a detriment to patients' quality of life...
December 16, 2016: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979482/type-i-type-iii-collagen-ratio-associated-with-diverticulitis-of-the-colon-in-young-patients
#13
Shaun R Brown, Elane M Cleveland, Corey R Deeken, Sonni S Huitron, Kanayochukwu J Aluka, Kurt G Davis
BACKGROUND: The incidence of diverticulitis in young patients is rising, whereas the type I:III collagen ratio of the colon decreases with age. Perhaps a lower type I:III collagen ratio in younger patients may predispose these patients to the development of the disease. METHOD: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the collagen content and type I:III collagen ratio in patients with diverticulitis versus a control group. Patients who underwent a colon resection were identified...
January 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973464/pathogenesis-of-diverticulosis-and-diverticular-disease
#14
Marjorie M Walker, Angela K Harris
Diverticulosis is defined by the presence of diverticula due to herniation of mucosa and muscularis mucosa through the muscularis propria at sites of vascular penetration in the colon and is asymptomatic in the vast majority affected. There are global differences of distribution, in Western industrialised societies, the most common site is in the right colon, but in Asia left sided diverticulosis predominates. Whilst present in 17.5% of a general population and 42% of all comers at endoscopy it is seen in 71% of those aged ≥80 years...
December 14, 2016: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941344/routine-colonoscopy-after-acute-uncomplicated-diverticulitis-challenging-a-putative-indication
#15
Patrícia Andrade, Armando Ribeiro, Rosa Ramalho, Susana Lopes, Guilherme Macedo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Most international guidelines recommend performing a routine colonoscopy after the conservative management of acute diverticulitis, mainly to rule out a colorectal malignancy; however, data to support these recommendations are scarce and conflicting. This study is aimed at determining the rate of advanced colonic neoplasia (ACN) found by colonoscopy, and hence the need for routine colonoscopy after CT-diagnosed acute diverticulitis. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all patients hospitalized for acute diverticulitis between July 2008 and June 2013...
December 10, 2016: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932087/racial-disparities-in-the-use-of-laparoscopic-surgery-to-treat-colonic-diverticulitis-are-not-fully-explained-by-socioeconomics-or-disease-complexity
#16
Randi L Lassiter, Asif Talukder, Meryl M Abrams, Bao-Ling Adam, Daniel Albo, Cassandra Q White
BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated favorable outcomes for laparoscopic surgery over open surgery for the treatment of diverticular disease. This study was designed to analyze the relationship between race, socioeconomic status and the use of laparoscopy to address diverticulitis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 53,054 diverticulitis admissions was performed using data from the 2009-2013 National Inpatient Sample (NIS). The primary outcome was the use of laparoscopic versus open colectomy...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915373/risk-factors-associated-with-postoperative-morbidity-in-over-500-colovesical-fistula-patients-undergoing-colorectal-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study-from-acs-nsqip-database
#17
H Hande Aydinli, Cigdem Benlice, Gokhan Ozuner, Emre Gorgun, Maher A Abbas
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of various factors on 30-day postoperative morbidity in patients who underwent colorectal surgery (CRS) for colovesical fistula (CVF) in the elective and emergency settings. METHODS: Patients who underwent CRS for CVF between 2005 and 2013 were identified from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database by using current procedural terminology codes. Demographics, perioperative, and operative factors were assessed and compared between two groups classified according to the presence or absence of postoperative complications...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875845/colonoscopic-extraction-of-a-chicken-wishbone-stuck-in-the-sigmoid-colon-identified-as-diverticulitis-the-patient-s-and-doctor-s-wish-comes-true
#18
Vladimir Milivojevic, Ivan Rankovic, Bojan Djukic, Miodrag Krstic, Tomica Milosavljevic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867683/logical-hypothesis-low-fodmap-diet-to-prevent-diverticulitis
#19
REVIEW
Yoshiharu Uno, Jennifer C van Velkinburgh
Despite little evidence for the therapeutic benefits of a high-fiber diet for diverticulitis, it is commonly recommended as part of the clinical management. The ongoing uncertainty of the cause(s) of diverticulitis confounds attempts to determine the validity of this therapy. However, the features of a high-fiber diet represent a logical contradiction for colon diverticulitis. Considering that Bernoulli's principle, by which enlarged diameter of the lumen leads to increased pressure and decreased fluid velocity, might contribute to development of the diverticulum...
November 6, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847996/right-colonic-diverticulitis-in-caucasians-presentation-and-outcomes-versus-left-sided-disease
#20
Laura Valbousquet Schneider, Ingrid Millet, Isabelle Boulay-Coletta, Patrice Taourel, Jérôme Loriau, Marc Zins
PURPOSE: To compare clinical features, computed tomography (CT) findings, and outcomes of right vs. left colonic diverticulitis (CD) in Caucasians. METHODS: This single-center retrospective case-control study of patients seen between July 2005 and February 2013 included 30 consecutive cases of right CD and 70 controls taken at random from a consecutive cohort of patients with left CD. The final diagnosis was established by consensus between a gastrointestinal surgeon and a gastrointestinal radiologist...
November 16, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
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