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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454013/mri-related-magnetic-field-exposures-and-risk-of-commuting-accidents-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-dutch-imaging-technicians
#1
Anke Huss, Kristel Schaap, Hans Kromhout
BACKGROUND: Imaging technicians working with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may experience acute effects such as vertigo or dizziness when being exposed. A previous study also reported an increased risk of accidents in MRI exposed staff. OBJECTIVES: We aimed at evaluating commuting accident risk in Dutch imaging technicians. METHODS: Of invited imaging technicians, 490 (29%) filled in a questionnaire pertaining to (near) accidents when driving or riding a bike, health, lifestyle and work practices...
April 25, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453909/cardiotoxicity-and-cardiomyopathy-in-children-and-young-adult-survivors-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant
#2
REVIEW
Seth J Rotz, Thomas D Ryan, Joel Hlavaty, Stephen A George, Javier El-Bietar, Christopher E Dandoy
Cardiomyopathy is common in long-term survivors of pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Events occurring before and after HSCT when combined with specific insults during HSCT likely contribute to long-term risk. Strategies for detecting subclinical cardiomyopathy prior to patients developing overt heart failure are under investigation. Changes in HSCT preparative regimens and cardioprotective medications administered during chemotherapy may alter the risk for cardiomyopathy. Interventions in long-term survivors such as lifestyle modification and cardioactive medications are of increasing importance...
April 28, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453511/no-contribution-of-lifestyle-and-environmental-exposures-to-gender-discrepancy-of-liver-disease-severity-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-infection-observations-from-the-haimen-city-cohort
#3
Jing Sun, Lucy Robinson, Nora L Lee, Seth Welles, Alison A Evans
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have noted significant gender difference in the risk of liver cancer among hepatitis B chronic infection patients. Some indicated that it might be due to lifestyle-related differences. This paper tests whether or not such a gender discrepancy among the chronic hepatitis B population is confounded by lifestyle and environment related exposures. METHODS: We retrieved a sample of 1863 participants from a prospective cohort in Haimen City, China in 2003...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453475/modifiable-risk-factors-for-prevention-of%C3%A2-dementia-in-midlife-late-life-and-the-oldest-old-validation-of-the-libra-index
#4
Stephanie J B Vos, Martin P J van Boxtel, Olga J G Schiepers, Kay Deckers, Marjolein de Vugt, Isabelle Carrière, Jean-François Dartigues, Karine Peres, Sylvaine Artero, Karen Ritchie, Lucia Galluzzo, Emanuele Scafato, Giovanni B Frisoni, Martijn Huisman, Hannie C Comijs, Simona F Sacuiu, Ingmar Skoog, Kate Irving, Catherine A O'Donnell, Frans R J Verhey, Pieter Jelle Visser, Sebastian Köhler
BACKGROUND: Recently, the LIfestyle for BRAin health (LIBRA) index was developed to assess an individual's prevention potential for dementia. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the predictive validity of the LIBRA index for incident dementia in midlife, late life, and the oldest-old. METHODS: 9,387 non-demented individuals were recruited from the European population-based DESCRIPA study. An individual's LIBRA index was calculated solely based on modifiable risk factors: depression, diabetes, physical activity, hypertension, obesity, smoking, hypercholesterolemia, coronary heart disease, and mild/moderate alcohol use...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448527/meat-consumption-is-a-major-risk-factor-for-hepatitis-e-virus-infection
#5
Ed Slot, Hans L Zaaijer, Michel Molier, Katja Van den Hurk, Femmeke Prinsze, Boris M Hogema
BACKGROUND: The incidence of autochthonous hepatitis E virus genotype 3 (HEV gt3) infections in Western Europe is high. Although pigs are a major reservoir of the virus, the exact sources and transmission route(s) of HEV gt3 to humans remain unclear. METHODS: To determine the role of meat consumption at a population level, the seroprevalence of anti-HEV IgG antibodies was compared between Dutch blood donors with a vegetarian lifestyle and donors who consume meat on a daily basis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448211/prevalence-and-geographic-distribution-of-vector-borne-pathogens-in-apparently-healthy-dogs-in-croatia
#6
Vladimir Mrljak, Josipa Kuleš, Željko Mihaljević, Marin Torti, Jelena Gotić, Martina Crnogaj, Tatjana Živičnjak, Iva Mayer, Iva Šmit, Mangesh Bhide, Renata Barić Rafaj
Vector-borne pathogens (VBPs) are a group of globally extended and quickly spreading pathogens that are transmitted by various arthropod vectors. The aim of the present study was to investigate the seroprevalence against Babesia canis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Leishmania infantum, Dirofilaria immitis, and Ehrlichia canis in dogs in Croatia. We investigated 435 randomly selected apparently healthy dogs in 13 different locations of Croatia for antibodies to B. canis by indirect immunofluorescence using a commercial IFA IgG Antibody Kit...
April 27, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446933/stress-as-a-factor-contributing-to-obesity-in-patients-qualified-for-bariatric-surgery-studies-in-a-selected-group-of-patients-a-pilot-study
#7
Iwona Boniecka, Helena Wileńska, Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna, Marzena Sekuła, Krzysztof Paśnik
INTRODUCTION: Recently, the incidence of obesity, especially extreme obesity, has significantly increased. It is connected with inappropriate lifestyle, including a high calorie diet, psychological and genetic factors, some medications, diseases or infectious factors. Nowadays, the consumption of food is not only to satisfy a physiological need, but also fulfils psychological needs. The most effective method of morbid obesity treatment is metabolic surgery. Moreover, food is considered to be a reward and method of coping with stress...
2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446801/genetic-susceptibility-to-salt-sensitive-hypertension-in-a-han-chinese-population-a-validation-study-of-candidate-genes
#8
Zheng Liu, Han Qi, Bin Liu, Kuo Liu, Jingjing Wu, Han Cao, Jie Zhang, Yuxiang Yan, Yan He, Ling Zhang
Salt-sensitive hypertension is a complex disease associated with genetic factors. This study aimed to identify the association between 29 candidate single-nucleotide polymorphisms and salt-sensitive hypertension in a Han Chinese population. Sixty-three participants with salt-sensitive hypertension and 279 controls with salt-resistant hypertension were recruited. A modified Sullivan's acute oral saline load and diuresis shrinkage test was used to detect blood pressure salt sensitivity. Lifestyle risk factors were obtained via a questionnaire...
April 27, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446656/effect-of-a-long-term-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-on-prevalence-of-cognitive-impairment
#9
Mark A Espeland, José A Luchsinger, Laura D Baker, Rebecca Neiberg, Steven E Kahn, Steven E Arnold, Rena R Wing, George L Blackburn, George Bray, Mary Evans, Helen P Hazuda, Robert W Jeffery, Valerie M Wilson, Jeanne M Clark, Mace Coday, Kathryn Demos-McDermott, John P Foreyt, Frank Greenway, James O Hill, Edward S Horton, John M Jakicic, Karen C Johnson, William C Knowler, Cora E Lewis, David M Nathan, Anne Peters, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Henry Pownall, Thomas A Wadden, Stephen R Rapp
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether an average of 10 years of lifestyle intervention designed to reduce weight and increase physical activity lowers the prevalence of cognitive impairment among adults at increased risk due to type 2 diabetes and obesity or overweight. METHODS: Central adjudication of mild cognitive impairment and probable dementia was based on standardized cognitive test battery scores administered to 3,802 individuals who had been randomly assigned, with equal probability, to either the lifestyle intervention or the diabetes support and education control...
April 26, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446647/relationship-between-carotid-arterial-properties-and-cerebral-white-matter-hyperintensities
#10
Tatjana Rundek, David Della-Morte, Hannah Gardener, Chuanhui Dong, Matthew S Markert, Jose Gutierrez, Eugene Roberts, Mitchell S V Elkind, Charles DeCarli, Ralph L Sacco, Clinton B Wright
OBJECTIVE: Since arterial stiffness is a functional measure of arterial compliance and may be an important marker of cerebrovascular disease, we examined the association of carotid artery stiffness with white matter hyperintensity volume (WMHV) in a cross-sectional study of 1,166 stroke-free participants. METHODS: Carotid beta stiffness index (STIFF) was assessed by M-mode ultrasound of the common carotid artery and calculated as the ratio of natural log of the difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressure over STRAIN, a ratio of the difference between carotid systolic and diastolic diameter (DD) divided by DD...
April 26, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446149/effect-of-genetic-variants-and-traits-related-to-glucose-metabolism-and-their-interaction-with-obesity-on-breast-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-among-postmenopausal-women
#11
Su Yon Jung, Eric M Sobel, Jeanette C Papp, Zuo-Feng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Impaired glucose metabolism-related genetic variants and traits likely interact with obesity and related lifestyle factors, influencing postmenopausal breast and colorectal cancer (CRC), but their interconnected pathways are not fully understood. By stratifying via obesity and lifestyles, we partitioned the total effect of glucose metabolism genetic variants on cancer risk into two putative mechanisms: 1) indirect (risk-associated glucose metabolism genetic variants mediated by glucose metabolism traits) and 2) direct (risk-associated glucose metabolism genetic variants through pathways other than glucose metabolism traits) effects...
April 26, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446144/association-of-physical-activity-and-appetite-with-visual-function-related-to-driving-competence-in-older-adults
#12
Takafumi Ando, Hiroyuki Sakai, Yuji Uchiyama
BACKGROUND: Older people are at greater risk of traffic accidents, partially because of age-related declines in visual function, including reduced useful field of view (UFOV). However, lifestyle factors which cause age-related decline in UFOV remain poorly understood. We conducted a study to investigate whether physical activity and appetite status were related to UFOV test performance in healthy older adults. METHODS: Thirty community-dwelling older people (age 68...
April 26, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445210/perceived-discrimination-and-longitudinal-change-in-kidney-function-among-urban-adults
#13
May A Beydoun, Angedith Poggi-Burke, Alan B Zonderman, Ola S Rostant, Michele K Evans, Deidra C Crews
OBJECTIVE: Perceived discrimination has been associated with psychosocial distress and adverse health outcomes. We examined associations of perceived discrimination measures with changes in kidney function in a prospective cohort study, the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity Across the LifeSpan. METHODS: Our study included 1,620 participants with preserved baseline kidney function (estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 ml/min/1.73m) (662 Whites and 958 African-Americans (AA), aged 30-64 years)...
April 26, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443957/major-depression-and-acute-coronary-syndrome-related-factors
#14
Jose Henrique Cunha Figueiredo, Nelson Albuquerque de Souza E Silva, Basilio de Bragança Pereira, Glaucia Maria Moraes de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is one of the most common mental illnesses in psychiatry, being considered a risk factor for Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of MDD in ACS patients, as well as to analyze associated factors through the interdependence of sociodemographic, lifestyle and clinical variables. METHODS: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, case-series study conducted on patients hospitalized consecutively at the coronary units of three public hospitals in the city of Rio de Janeiro over a 24-month period...
March 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443630/accelerating-recovery-from-jet-lag-prediction-from-a-multi-oscillator-model-and-its-experimental-confirmation-in-model-animals
#15
Hiroshi Kori, Yoshiaki Yamaguchi, Hitoshi Okamura
The endogenous circadian clock drives oscillations that are completely synchronized with the environmental day-night rhythms with a period of approximately 24 hours. Temporal misalignment between one's internal circadian clock and the external solar time often occurs in shift workers and long-distance travelers; such misalignments are accompanied by sleep disturbances and gastrointestinal distress. Repeated exposure to jet lag and rotating shift work increases the risk of lifestyle-related diseases, such as cardiovascular complaints and metabolic insufficiencies...
April 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443607/novel-approaches-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-and-exercise-for-prevention-and-management-of-type-2-diabetes
#16
REVIEW
R Arena, M Sagner, N M Byrne, A D Williams, A McNeil, S J Street, A P Hills
Despite increased evidence for the importance of lifestyle modification, physical activity and diet in diabetes prevention and management, habitual physical activity levels have declined in recent decades in China and India. Further, other risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including overweight, obesity and physical inactivity, have also worsened. Here we present evidence for the importance of physical activity and exercise in the amelioration of type 2 diabetes and propose a novel approach to address the challenge of improving lifestyle behaviors in China and India-Movement is Medicine and a P4 (predictive, preventive, personalized and participatory) approach...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443200/epidemiology-of-ovarian-cancer-a-review
#17
Brett M Reid, Jennifer B Permuth, Thomas A Sellers
Ovarian cancer (OC) is the seventh most commonly diagnosed cancer among women in the world and the tenth most common in China. Epithelial OC is the most predominant pathologic subtype, with five major histotypes that differ in origination, pathogenesis, molecular alterations, risk factors, and prognosis. Genetic susceptibility is manifested by rare inherited mutations with high to moderate penetrance. Genome-wide association studies have additionally identified 29 common susceptibility alleles for OC, including 14 subtype-specific alleles...
February 2017: Cancer Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442474/saturated-fat-does-not-clog-the-arteries-coronary-heart-disease-is-a-chronic-inflammatory-condition-the-risk-of-which-can-be-effectively-reduced-from-healthy-lifestyle-interventions
#18
EDITORIAL
Aseem Malhotra, Rita F Redberg, Pascal Meier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442398/association-of-a-novel-genetic-variant-in-rp11-650l12-2-with-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-han-chinese-population
#19
Mingjuan Jin, Ding Ye, Yingjun Li, Fangyuan Jing, Xiyi Jiang, Simeng Gu, Yingying Mao, Qilong Li, Kun Chen
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the associations of selected polymorphisms in RP11-650L12.2 with the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in a Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 821 CRC cases (test set: 320, validation set: 501) and 857 healthy controls (test set: 319, validation set: 538) were enrolled in this study. Demographic characteristics and lifestyle information were collected by a validated questionnaire. A sample of 5ml venous blood was collected from each subject for DNA isolation, and the selected polymorphisms (rs144182521, rs514743, rs76071148, rs149941240) were genotyped by MassArray technique...
April 22, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442382/relationship-between-sensorimotor-peripheral-nerve-function-and-indicators-of-cardiovascular-autonomic-function-in-older-adults-from-the-health-aging-and-body-composition-study
#20
Brittney S Lange-Maia, Anne B Newman, John M Jakicic, Jane A Cauley, Robert M Boudreau, Ann V Schwartz, Eleanor M Simonsick, Suzanne Satterfield, Aaron I Vinik, Sasa Zivkovic, Tamara B Harris, Elsa S Strotmeyer
BACKGROUND: Age-related peripheral nervous system (PNS) impairments are highly prevalent in older adults. Although sensorimotor and cardiovascular autonomic function have been shown to be related in persons with diabetes, the nature of the relationship in general community-dwelling older adult populations is unknown. METHODS: Health, Aging and Body Composition participants (n=2399, age=76.5±2.9years, 52% women, 38% black) underwent peripheral nerve testing at the 2000/01 clinic visit...
April 22, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
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