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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691489/the-relationship-between-yogurt-consumption-body-weight-and-metabolic-profiles-in-youth-with-a-familial-predisposition-to-obesity
#1
Shirin Panahi, Annette Gallant, Angelo Tremblay, Louis Pérusse, Jean-Pierre Després, Vicky Drapeau
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relationship between yogurt consumption, family history of obesity (FHO), and health determinants. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Youth (n = 198; mean age: 20 ± 0.5 years) from the Québec Family Study were first classified based on their FHO, defined as the presence or absence of at least one obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m2 ) parent [with FHO (FHO+; n = 112) or without FHO (FHO-; n = 86)] and then on their yogurt consumption [yogurt consumers (YC+) n = 61 or non-consumers (YC-) n = 137]...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691344/women-in-radiography-practice-in-ghana-motivating-and-demotivating-factors
#2
Samuel Anim-Sampong, Lawrence Arthur, Josephine Abena Nkansah, Benard Ohene Botwe
PURPOSE: To investigate and establish reasons for the smaller but increasing population of female radiographers in Ghana, and to evaluate the motivating and demotivating contributory factors associated with women's choice of the profession. METHODS: A descriptive quantitative survey design and a purposive sampling technique were used to recruit participants from hospitals, clinics, and private imaging centers in Ghana. Forty registered female radiographers were invited to participate in the survey, and 30 participants completed and returned the questionnaires...
March 2018: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690917/health-consequences-for-mother-and-baby-of-substantial-pre-conception-weight-loss-in-obese-women-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Sarah Price, Alison Nankervis, Michael Permezel, Luke Prendergast, Priya Sumithran, Joseph Proietto
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for the management of obesity in women planning pregnancy suggest lifestyle modification before conception. However, there is little evidence that lifestyle modification alters pregnancy outcomes. Bariatric surgery results in significant weight loss. This appears to reduce the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes for the mother but may increase the risk of adverse outcomes for the infant. In order to reduce the risks of obesity-related adverse pregnancy outcomes for both mother and offspring, alternative approaches to the management of obesity in women planning pregnancy are needed...
April 24, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689541/management-of-long-term-complications-of-hiv-disease-focus-on-cardiovascular-disease
#4
Judith S Currier
HIV-infected individuals on effective antiretroviral therapy experience a number of non-AIDS noncommunicable diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, more frequently than uninfected individuals. Common pathways for such diseases are chronic immune activation and inflammation, including the prolonged inflammation associated with lower nadir CD4+ cell count. Prevention and treatment of non-AIDS conditions include treatment of traditional risk factors, lifestyle interventions, earlier initiation of antiretroviral therapy, and potentially therapies specifically targeting inflammation and immune activation (eg, statins)...
April 2018: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689126/the-variables-associated-with-health-promotion-behaviors-among-urban-black-women
#5
Millie Hepburn
PURPOSE: To improve understanding of variables impacting health promotion behaviors among urban Black women. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was used. Urban Black women (N = 132) between the ages of 30 to 64 years participated. SETTING: The study was conducted in a U.S. metropolitan region in 2015. MEASURES: Health literacy (Newest Vital Sign [NVS]), self-efficacy (New General Self-Efficacy Scale [NGSE]), and readiness for change (Health Risk Instrument [HRI]) were correlated with health promotion behaviors (Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile II [HPLPII])...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688833/diabetes-after-hormone-therapy-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-case-cohort-study
#6
Rola Hamood, Hatem Hamood, Ilya Merhasin, Lital Keinan-Boker
Purpose Breast cancer treatments have been associated with an increased risk of multiple health-related adverse outcomes, but the relationship with diabetes remains unclear. This study investigated the association between hormone therapy and diabetes risk in breast cancer survivors. Patients and Methods We performed a case-cohort study of 2,246 female survivors recruited from the Leumit health care fund who were diagnosed with primary nonmetastatic invasive breast cancer in 2002 through 2012. A 20% random subcohort was sampled at baseline, and all diabetes cases were identified...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688759/relations-between-the-residential-fast-food-environment-and-the-individual-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-the-netherlands-a-nationwide-follow-up-study
#7
Maartje Poelman, Maciej Strak, Oliver Schmitz, Gerard Hoek, Derek Karssenberg, Marco Helbich, Anna-Maria Ntarladima, Michiel Bots, Bert Brunekreef, Rick Grobbee, Martin Dijst, Ilonca Vaartjes
Background The food environment has been hypothesized to influence cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension and coronary heart disease. This study determines the relation between fast-food outlet density (FFD) and the individual risk for cardiovascular disease, among a nationwide Dutch sample. Methods After linkage of three national registers, a cohort of 2,472,004 adults (≥35 years), free from cardiovascular disease at January 1st 2009 and living at the same address for ≥15 years was constructed. Participants were followed for one year to determine incidence of cardiovascular disease, including coronary heart disease, stroke and heart failure...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688443/frailty-is-inversely-related-to-age-at-menopause-and-elevated-in-women-who-have-had-a-hysterectomy-an-analysis-of-the-canadian-longitudinal-study-on-aging
#8
Chris P Verschoor, Hala Tamim
Background: Frailty is a complex pathophysiological phenomenon that will impact a significant proportion of adults over the age of 65 and contributes to the risk of several adverse health outcomes. Although women have a disproportionately higher risk of frailty, the sex-specific factors related to this syndrome are not well-described. Hence, we sought to examine the relationship of age at menopause, hysterectomy status and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) use with prevalent frailty in older women...
April 24, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687327/lack-of-supportive-leadership-behavior-predicts-suboptimal-self-rated-health-independent-of-job-strain-after-10-years-of-follow-up-findings-from-the-population-based-monica-kora-study
#9
Burkhard Schmidt, Raphael M Herr, Marc N Jarczok, Jens Baumert, Karoline Lukaschek, Rebecca T Emeny, Karl-Heinz Ladwig
OBJECTIVES: Emerging cross-sectional research has identified lack of supportive leadership behavior (SLB) as a risk factor for workforce health. However, prospective evidence is hitherto lacking. SLB denotes support in difficult situations, recognition and feedback on work tasks. This study aims to determine the effect of SLB on suboptimal self-rated health (SRH) after 10 years considering potential moderators such as ages, sex, occupation and job strain. METHODS: The sample included 884 employed participants drawn from the population-based prospective MONICA/KORA Study...
April 23, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686951/lifestyle-practices-and-obesity-in-nepalese-youth-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Gaurav Nepal, Eans T Tuladhar, Saurav Dahal, Shaik Tanveer Ahamad, Sumikshya Adhikari, Apsara Kandel
Introduction Understanding the lifestyle factors associated with obesity is critical to create a successful intervention that would prevent or reduce the obesity beforehand. However, these factors have not been assessed among Nepalese youths thus far. This study aims to determine the prevalence of obesity and to explore the potential lifestyle risk factors in young university students of Nepal. Methods We included in the study 384 young students aged between 17 and 24 years, pursuing medicine at Tribhuvan University, Institute of Medicine, in this cross-sectional study...
February 20, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686896/the-association-between-obesity-risk-genes-and-gestational-weight-gain-is-modified-by-dietary-intake-in-african-american-women
#11
Ying Meng, Susan W Groth, Dongmei Li
Obesity-risk genes have been associated with dietary intake, appetite regulation, and gestational weight gain (GWG). The purpose of this study was to examine whether dietary intake including total energy intake and macronutrients modify or mediate the association between obesity-risk genes and GWG. An observational study was conducted with 85 African American pregnant women. Sociodemographic, medical, and lifestyle factors and dietary recalls were collected during pregnancy. Seven obesity-risk genetic variants were genotyped...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686893/effect-of-obesity-linked-fto-rs9939609-variant-on-physical-activity-and-dietary-patterns-in-physically-active-men-and-women
#12
Nathan R West, James Dorling, Alice E Thackray, Nicola C Hanson, Samantha E Decombel, David J Stensel, Stuart J Grice
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the fat mass and obesity-associated ( FTO ) locus are associated with obesity, but lifestyle factors may modulate the obesity risk related to FTO . This study examined the physical activity and dietary patterns of 528 physically active white men and women (mean (SD): 34.9 (9.5) years, 26.6 (4.3) kg·m-2 ) carrying different risk variants of FTO SNP rs9939609. Sex, age, and anthropometric measurements (stature, body mass, and waist circumference) were self-reported using an online questionnaire, and body mass index and waist-to-height ratio were calculated...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686455/health-care-providers-perceptions-of-responsibilities-and-resources-to-reduce-type-2-diabetes-risk-after-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Sumali S Hewage, Shweta R Singh, Claudia Chi, Jerry K Y Chan, Tong Wei Yew, Wee Meng Han, Joanne Yoong
IN BRIEF Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) increases the risk for type 2 diabetes. This qualitative study aimed to evaluate health care providers' perceptions of care responsibilities and resources related to reducing type 2 diabetes risk among women with previous GDM in Singapore. Health care providers acknowledged a shared responsibility. They felt that they had less understanding of compliance with long-term maintenance of lifestyle change, exacerbated further by fragmentation of follow-up care. The application of more integrated patient-centered care models, combined with greater health literacy, is urgently required in this area...
April 2018: Clinical Diabetes: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685997/a-strong-sense-of-coherence-associated-with-reduced-risk-of-anxiety-disorder-among-women-in-disadvantaged-circumstances-british-population-study
#14
Olivia Remes, Nicholas W J Wainwright, Paul Surtees, Louise Lafortune, Kay-Tee Khaw, Carol Brayne
OBJECTIVE: Many patients receiving medical treatment for anxiety relapse or do not improve. Research has therefore been turning to coping mechanisms as a way to decrease anxiety rates. Previously, we showed that living in a deprived area significantly increases the risk of anxiety in women, but not in men. The objective of this study is to assess whether sense of coherence (coping mechanism) buffers the influence of area deprivation on women's risk of generalised anxiety disorder using data from the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer-Norfolk...
April 23, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685846/standardization-of-laboratory-lipid-profile-assessment-a-call-for-action-with-a-special-focus-on-the-2016-esc-eas-dyslipidemia-guidelines-executive-summary-a-consensus-endorsed-by-the-cardiovascular-risk-and-prevention-group-of-the-portuguese-internal-medicine
#15
Pedro Marques da Silva, João Sequeira Duarte, Pedro von Hafe, Victor Gil, Jorge Nunes de Oliveira, Germano de Sousa
Even with improvements in lifestyle interventions, better control of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors, and improvements in CV outcomes, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Portugal and Europe. Atherogenic dyslipidemias, particularly hypercholesterolemia, have a crucial causal role in the development of atherosclerotic CVD. The clinical approach to a patient with dyslipidemia requires an accurate diagnosis, based on harmonized and standardized lipid and lipoprotein laboratory assessments...
April 20, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685826/inuit-country-food-diet-pattern-is-associated-with-lower-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease
#16
Xue Feng Hu, Tiff-Annie Kenny, Hing Man Chan
BACKGROUND: Inuit have experienced a rapid transition in diet and lifestyle over the past several decades, paralleled by the emergence of chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. OBJECTIVE: To identify contemporary dietary patterns among Inuit and investigate their association with cardiovascular disease outcomes. DESIGN: This was an association study in a cross-sectional population health and nutrition survey. PARTICIPANTS: The participants included 1,570 adults (aged ≥18 years) from Nunavut in the International Polar Year Inuit Health Survey 2007-2008 who completed diet/health questionnaires and provided blood samples...
April 20, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685571/use-and-disclosure-of-complementary-health-approaches-in-us-adults-with-cardiovascular-disease
#17
Fuschia M Sirois, Linghui Jiang, Dawn M Upchurch
Evidence indicates that use of Complementary Health Approaches (CHAs) is common in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and has benefits and risks. Yet, disclosure of CHA use to physicians is not uniformly high. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence and patterns of CHA use and disclosure in patients with CVD in a nationally representative US sample. Use of specific CHA modalities and the predictors and reasons for nondisclosure were examined. In the 2012 National Health Interview Survey, a nationally representative sample of adults aged 18+ was used, and 12,364 patients who reported being diagnosed with CVD were analyzed using weighted bivariate and logistic regression...
March 29, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685329/cohort-study-of-hiv-positive-and-negative-methamphetamine-users
#18
Vladimir W Spolsky, Jason Clague, Vivek Shetty
BACKGROUND: The effects of methamphetamine (MA) on caries have been well documented. Little, however, is known about its effects on the periodontium. The authors conducted this study to determine the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease in an urban population of HIV-positive MA users. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in one of the most populous urban areas of Los Angeles County, California, beset with high rates of MA use. Participants were recruited by a combination of street outreach methods, referral from drug treatment centers, and word of mouth...
April 20, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685190/differences-in-epidemiological-features-between-ulcerative-colitis-and-crohn-s-disease-the-early-life-programmed-versus-late-dysbiosis-hypothesis
#19
Laurent Beaugerie, Ebbe Langholz, Nynne Nyboe-Andersen, Bénédicte Pigneur, Harry Sokol
It is increasingly admitted that Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, the two entities of inflammatory bowel disease, are initiated and reactivated by environmental factors in genetically susceptible hosts, and result from aberrant immune response to specific intestinal microbes, in the context of altered composition of intestinal microbiota, called dysbiosis. We hypothesize that the role of the gut microbiota in Crohn's disease pathogenesis is linked to early-life abnormal crosstalk with the host immune system under construction...
June 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684619/preventing-type-2-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-the-evidence-and-potential-strategies
#20
REVIEW
Graziano Di Cianni, Emilia Lacaria, Cristina Lencioni, Veronica Resi
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus is a condition strongly related to the development of type 2 diabetes later in life, although the risk and the onset have not been fully identified yet. Although glucose tolerance returns to normal levels after delivery in the majority of women with GDM, this condition represents an early stage in the natural history of T2DM. In addition, women with previous GDM exhibit an increased cardiovascular risk profile and a raised incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Lifestyle changes and pharmacological interventions might be able to reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes in pGDM women, although results are still not conclusive...
April 20, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
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