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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097834/high-blood-pressure-in-school-children-and-adolescents-in-argentina-over-the-past-25-years-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#1
Alejandro Díaz, Luciana Calandra
INTRODUCTION: Over the past years, hypertension has been recognized as an important health problem in the pediatric population. A systematic review of observational studies published between 1988 and 2014 was conducted to estimate the prevalence of high blood pressure and cardiovascular risk factors among children and adolescents in Argentina. POPULATION AND METHODS: A bibliographic search was done in MEDLINE, SciELO, and LILACS to look for studies on high blood pressure prevalence in school children and adolescents in Argentina...
February 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096640/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-pre-and-post-menopausal-women-a-prospective-study-from-apex-institute-of-north-india
#2
Sandeep Sharma, Neelam Aggarwal, Bharti Joshi, Vanita Suri, Sanjay Badada
BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome (MS) (syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome) is a constellation of metabolic abnormalities and a complex predisease state that predicts future development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Menopausal transition and postmenopausal state are considered as a vulnerable period for developing MS, and this increased risk has been attributed to decreasing estrogen levels with an increasing risk of insulin resistance following menopause...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096124/nutritional-considerations-for-healthy-aging-and-reduction-in-age-related-chronic-disease
#3
REVIEW
Julie Shlisky, David E Bloom, Amy R Beaudreault, Katherine L Tucker, Heather H Keller, Yvonne Freund-Levi, Roger A Fielding, Feon W Cheng, Gordon L Jensen, Dayong Wu, Simin N Meydani
A projected doubling in the global population of people aged ≥60 y by the year 2050 has major health and economic implications, especially in developing regions. Burdens of unhealthy aging associated with chronic noncommunicable and other age-related diseases may be largely preventable with lifestyle modification, including diet. However, as adults age they become at risk of "nutritional frailty," which can compromise their ability to meet nutritional requirements at a time when specific nutrient needs may be high...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095900/post-stroke-dementia-a-comprehensive-review
#4
REVIEW
Milija D Mijajlović, Aleksandra Pavlović, Michael Brainin, Wolf-Dieter Heiss, Terence J Quinn, Hege B Ihle-Hansen, Dirk M Hermann, Einor Ben Assayag, Edo Richard, Alexander Thiel, Efrat Kliper, Yong-Il Shin, Yun-Hee Kim, SeongHye Choi, San Jung, Yeong-Bae Lee, Osman Sinanović, Deborah A Levine, Ilana Schlesinger, Gillian Mead, Vuk Milošević, Didier Leys, Guri Hagberg, Marie Helene Ursin, Yvonne Teuschl, Semyon Prokopenko, Elena Mozheyko, Anna Bezdenezhnykh, Karl Matz, Vuk Aleksić, DafinFior Muresanu, Amos D Korczyn, Natan M Bornstein
Post-stroke dementia (PSD) or post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) may affect up to one third of stroke survivors. Various definitions of PSCI and PSD have been described. We propose PSD as a label for any dementia following stroke in temporal relation. Various tools are available to screen and assess cognition, with few PSD-specific instruments. Choice will depend on purpose of assessment, with differing instruments needed for brief screening (e.g., Montreal Cognitive Assessment) or diagnostic formulation (e...
January 18, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095706/translation-and-pilot-testing-of-a-measure-to-assess-hypertension-self-care-activities-among-hispanics
#5
Jan Warren-Findlow, Maren J Coffman, Celia A Karp
OBJECTIVE: Hispanics in the US have high rates of uncontrolled hypertension in comparison to non-Hispanic whites. This pilot study reports on the translation of a validated measure, the Hypertension Self-Care Activity Level Effects (H-SCALE), for use with Spanish speakers. The H-SCALE assesses Hispanics' adherence to lifestyle activities that contribute to primary and secondary risk reduction of high blood pressure. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were collected from Hispanic primary care patients attending a free health clinic in Charlotte, NC...
January 17, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095040/consensus-statement-by-the-american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-on-the-comprehensive-type-2-diabetes-management-algorithm-2017-executive-summary
#6
Alan J Garber, Martin J Abrahamson, Joshua I Barzilay, Lawrence Blonde, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Michael A Bush, Samuel Dagogo-Jack, Ralph A DeFronzo, Daniel Einhorn, Vivian A Fonseca, Jeffrey R Garber, W Timothy Garvey, George Grunberger, Yehuda Handelsman, Irl B Hirsch, Paul S Jellinger, Janet B McGill, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Paul D Rosenblit, Guillermo E Umpierrez
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This algorithm for the comprehensive management of persons with type 2 diabetes (T2D) was developed to provide clinicians with a practical guide that considers the whole patient, their spectrum of risks and complications, and evidence-based approaches to treatment. It is now clear that the progressive pancreatic beta-cell defect that drives the deterioration of metabolic control over time begins early and may be present before the diagnosis of diabetes (1). In addition to advocating glycemic control to reduce microvascular complications, this document highlights obesity and prediabetes as underlying risk factors for the development of T2D and associated macrovascular complications...
January 17, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094908/improving-utilization-of-the-family-history-in-the-electronic-health-record
#7
Kathleen T Hickey, Maria C Katapodi, Bernice Coleman, Karin Reuter-Rice, Angela R Starkweather
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of Family History in the Electronic Health Record and to identify opportunities to advance the contributions of nurses in obtaining, updating and assessing family history in order to improve the health of all individuals and populations. ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: The article presents an overview of the obstacles to charting Family History within the Electronic Health Record and recommendations for using specific Family History tools and core Family History data sets...
January 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094792/identification-of-a-nuclear-respiratory-factor-1-recognition-motif-in-the-apolipoprotein-e-variant-apoe4-linked-to-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Anne Urfer-Buchwalder, Roman Urfer
Alzheimer's disease affects tens of millions of people worldwide and its prevalence continues to rise. It is caused by a combination of a subject's heredity, environment, lifestyle, and medical condition. The most significant genetic risk factor for late onset Alzheimer's disease is a variant of the apolipoprotein E gene, APOE4. Here we show that the single nucleotide polymorphism rs429358 that defines APOE4 is located in a short sequence motif repeated several times within exon 4 of apolipoprotein E, reminiscent of the structure of transcriptional enhancers...
January 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094555/loneliness-and-the-risk-of-dementia-among-older-chinese-adults-gender-differences
#9
Zi Zhou, Ping Wang, Ya Fang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine whether loneliness was associated with the risk of developing dementia in Chinese older adults and whether the association was moderated by gender. METHOD: A 3-year cohort study was conducted using data from the 2008/2009 and 2011/2012 waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between loneliness and dementia. The interaction between loneliness and gender was also evaluated...
January 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094228/health-promotion-in-practice-district-nurses-experiences-of-working-with-health-promotion-and-lifestyle-interventions-among-patients-at-risk-of-developing-cardiovascular-disease
#10
Kristina Lundberg, Miek C Jong, Lisbeth Kristiansen, Mats Jong
OBJECTIVE: Health Promotion Practice (HPP) has the objective to promote a healthier lifestyle and reduce the risk of disease. The aim of this study was to examine district nurses׳ experiences of working with health preventive actions among patients with risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), and to identify facilitators and obstacles in HPP. DESIGN/SETTING: The study was carried out with a qualitative approach where individual semistructured interviews were performed with a total of 12 district nurses in primary care...
December 16, 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094118/receipt-of-public-assistance-during-childhood-and-hypertension-risk-in-adulthood
#11
Debbie S Barrington, Sherman A James
PURPOSE: We examined if receipt of public assistance during childhood lowered risk for hypertension by mid-life in a cohort of African Americans in the Southeastern United States. METHODS: We used multiple logistic regression models to assess the relationship between receipt of public assistance during childhood and adult hypertension among 405 male and 737 female adult participants enrolled between 1988 and 2001 in the Pitt County Study, a community-based prospective cohort study of African Americans in North Carolina...
December 9, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093573/impact-of-lifestyle-intervention-for-obese-women-during-pregnancy-on-maternal-metabolic-and-inflammatory-markers
#12
K M Renault, E M Carlsen, S Hædersdal, L Nilas, N J Secher, J Eugen-Olsen, D Cortes, S F Olsen, T I Halldorsson, K Nørgaard
BACKGROUND: Offspring of obese mothers have increased risk of developing obesity and related short and long-term disease. The cause is multifactorial and may partly be explained by the unfavorable intrauterine environment. Intervention during pregnancy leading to a healthier lifestyle among obese may alter this. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of lifestyle intervention on markers of maternal metabolism and inflammation in 'the TOP (Treatment of Obese Pregnant Women)-study', a randomized controlled trial...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093531/lifestyle-factors-and-early-clinical-outcome-in-patients-with-acute-stroke-a-population-based-study
#13
Annette Ingeman, Grethe Andersen, Reimar W Thomsen, Heidi H Hundborg, Henrik H Rasmussen, Søren P Johnsen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We examined the associations of individual and combined lifestyle factors with early adverse stroke outcomes. METHODS: A total of 82 597 patients were identified from nationwide registries. Lifestyle factors at the time of stroke admission included body mass index (kg/m(2)), smoking habits, and alcohol intake, which were grouped (healthy, moderately healthy, moderately unhealthy, and unhealthy). The associations between lifestyle and outcomes were examined using multivariable regression...
January 16, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092966/avian-influenza-prevalence-among-hunter-harvested-birds-in-a-remote-canadian-first-nation-community
#14
Eric N Liberda, Richard Meldrum, Nadia A Charania, Robert Davey, Leonard Js Tsuji
INTRODUCTION: Avian influenza virus (AIV) prevalence has been associated with wild game and other bird species. The contamination of these birds may pose a greater risk to those who regularly hunt and consumed infected species. Due to resident concerns communicated by local Band Council, hunter-harvested birds from a remote First Nation community in subArctic Ontario, Canada were assessed for AIV. Hunters, and especially those who live a subsistence lifestyle, are at higher risk of AIV exposure due to their increased contact with wild birds, which represent an important part of their diet...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092254/-what-do-adults-die-in-mexico-impact-on-the-economic-and-social-development-of-the-nation-the-global-burden-of-cardiovascular-disease
#15
Martín Rosas-Peralta, Efraín Arizmendi-Uribe, Gabriela Borrayo-Sánchez
Noncommunicable diseases have been established as a clear threat, not only to human health but also to the development and economic growth. Claiming 63% of all deaths, these diseases are currently the main murderer worldwide. The increase in the prevalence and importance of noncommunicable diseases specifically of cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and obesity is the result of a complex interplay between health, economic growth and development, which is strongly associated with universal trends such as the aging of the world population, rapid unplanned urbanization, and the globalization of unhealthy lifestyles...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092102/micrornas-potential-candidates-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-colorectal-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Abdullah Moridikia, Hamed Mirzaei, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Jafar Salimian
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is known as the third common cancer worldwide and an important public health problem in different populations. Several genetics and environmental risk factors are involved in the development and progression of CRC including chromosomal abnormalities, epigenetic alterations, and unhealthy lifestyle. Identification of risk factors and biomarkers could lead to a better understanding of molecular pathways involved in CRC pathogenesis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulatory molecules which could affect a variety of cellular and molecular targets in CRC...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091867/arterial-aortic-stiffness-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension-from-assessment-to-treatment
#17
REVIEW
James E Sharman, Pierre Boutouyrie, Stéphane Laurent
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the review is to examine whether measurement of aortic stiffness could be especially value-adding for risk stratification and treatment among patients with resistant hypertension (RH). RECENT FINDINGS: Adverse arterial remodeling and increased aortic stiffness is associated with RH, and it may be of additional clinical benefit to measure aortic stiffness in these patients. However, there is insufficient evidence to determine whether aortic stiffness is excessively high relative to the level of blood pressure (BP) among people with RH...
January 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091429/chronic-kidney-disease-in-chinese-postmenopausal-women-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
F Pei, Z Zhou, Y Li, Y Ren, X Yang, G Liu, Q Xia, Z Hu, L Zhang, M Zhao, H Wang
INTRODUCTION: Despite advances in the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD), there is ongoing uncertainty regarding the prevalence of CKD in postmenopausal women. This study was designed to investigate both CKD prevalence and related risk factors in a cohort of postmenopausal Chinese women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered to a nationally representative sample of female Chinese participants, including a total of 47,204 subjects, among whom were 8573 self-reported postmenopausal women...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090681/excess-of-exercise-increases-the-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation
#19
REVIEW
A Müssigbrodt, A Weber, J Mandrola, Y van Belle, S Richter, M Döring, A Arya, P Sommer, A Bollmann, G Hindricks
An interesting and still not well-understood example for old medical wisdom "Sola dosis facit venenum" is the increased prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in athletes. Numerous studies have shown a fourfold to eightfold increased risk of AF in athletes compared to the normal population. Analysis of the existing data suggests a dose-dependent effect of exercise. Moderate exercise seems to have a protective effect and decreases the risk of AF, whereas excessive exercise seems to increase the risk of AF. The described cases illustrate clinical manifestations within the spectrum of AF in elderly athletes, that is, exercise-induced AF, vagal AF, chronic AF, and atrial flutter...
January 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090339/a-mixed-methods-approach-to-improving-recruitment-and-engagement-of-emerging-adults-in-behavioural-weight-loss-programs
#20
J G LaRose, K M Guthrie, A Lanoye, D F Tate, E Robichaud, L J Caccavale, R R Wing
OBJECTIVE: Emerging adults ages 18-25 are at high risk for obesity, but are markedly underrepresented in behavioural weight loss (BWL) programs and experience lower engagement and retention relative to older adults. PURPOSE: To utilize a mixed methods approach to inform future efforts to effectively recruit and engage this high-risk population in BWL programs. METHODS: We used a convergent parallel design in which quantitative and qualitative data were given equal priority...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
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