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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324932/an-ict-and-mobile-health-integrated-approach-to-optimize-patients-education-on-hypertension-and-its-management-by-physicians-the-patients-optimal-strategy-of-treatment-post-pilot-study
#1
Fabio Albini, Xiaoqiu Liu, Camilla Torlasco, Davide Soranna, Andrea Faini, Renata Ciminaghi, Ada Celsi, Matteo Benedetti, Antonella Zambon, Marco di Rienzo, Gianfranco Parati
INTRODUCTION: Uncontrolled hypertension is largely attributed to unsatisfactory doctor's engagement in its optimal management and to poor patients' compliance to therapeutic interventions. ICT and mobile Health solutions might improve these conditions, being widely available and providing highly effective communication strategies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether ICT and mobile Health tools are able to improve hypertension control by improving doctors' engagement and by increasing patients' education and involvement, and their compliance to lifestyle modification and prescribed drug therapy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324150/stress-stones-stress-recurrent-stones-a-self-propagating-cycle-difficulties-in-solving-this-dichotomy
#2
Montserrat Arzoz-Fabregas, Josep Roca-Antonio, Luis Ibarz-Servio, Dalielah Jappie-Mahomed, Allen Rodgers
Numerous studies have reported an association between stress and urolithiasis. Although urinary risk factors have been measured in several of these, compelling evidence of a causal relationship has not been established. A shortcoming is that alterations in single urinary parameters rather than ratios and quotients, which provide a more synergistic risk evaluation, have been measured. Recently, we speculated about a possible association between chronic stress and stone recurrence. This presents an intriguing dichotomy of whether stress causes stones or vice versa, or whether they are linked in a self-propagating stress-stones-stress-recurrence cycle...
March 21, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323832/age-related-cognitive-decline-and-associations-with-sex-education-and-apolipoprotein-e-genotype-across-ethnocultural-groups-and-geographic-regions-a-collaborative-cohort-study
#3
Darren M Lipnicki, John D Crawford, Rajib Dutta, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, Nicole A Kochan, Gavin Andrews, M Fernanda Lima-Costa, Erico Castro-Costa, Carol Brayne, Fiona E Matthews, Blossom C M Stephan, Richard B Lipton, Mindy J Katz, Karen Ritchie, Jacqueline Scali, Marie-Laure Ancelin, Nikolaos Scarmeas, Mary Yannakoulia, Efthimios Dardiotis, Linda C W Lam, Candy H Y Wong, Ada W T Fung, Antonio Guaita, Roberta Vaccaro, Annalisa Davin, Ki Woong Kim, Ji Won Han, Tae Hui Kim, Kaarin J Anstey, Nicolas Cherbuin, Peter Butterworth, Marcia Scazufca, Shuzo Kumagai, Sanmei Chen, Kenji Narazaki, Tze Pin Ng, Qi Gao, Simone Reppermund, Henry Brodaty, Antonio Lobo, Raúl Lopez-Anton, Javier Santabárbara, Perminder S Sachdev
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dementia varies around the world, potentially contributed to by international differences in rates of age-related cognitive decline. Our primary goal was to investigate how rates of age-related decline in cognitive test performance varied among international cohort studies of cognitive aging. We also determined the extent to which sex, educational attainment, and apolipoprotein E ε4 allele (APOE*4) carrier status were associated with decline. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We harmonized longitudinal data for 14 cohorts from 12 countries (Australia, Brazil, France, Greece, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Spain, South Korea, United Kingdom, United States), for a total of 42,170 individuals aged 54-105 y (42% male), including 3...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323829/potentially-modifiable-lifestyle-factors-cognitive-reserve-and-cognitive-function-in-later-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Linda Clare, Yu-Tzu Wu, Julia C Teale, Catherine MacLeod, Fiona Matthews, Carol Brayne, Bob Woods
BACKGROUND: Potentially modifiable lifestyle factors may influence cognitive health in later life and offer potential to reduce the risk of cognitive decline and dementia. The concept of cognitive reserve has been proposed as a mechanism to explain individual differences in rates of cognitive decline, but its potential role as a mediating pathway has seldom been explored using data from large epidemiological studies. We explored the mediating effect of cognitive reserve on the cross-sectional association between lifestyle factors and cognitive function in later life using data from a population-based cohort of healthy older people...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323645/pediatric-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Anusha K Yeshokumar, Sona Narula, Brenda Banwell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses the epidemiologic factors involved in the pathogenesis of pediatric multiple sclerosis (MS), which have been the focus of numerous studies in the last several years. We also review the clinical features (including diagnostic evaluation and differential diagnosis) of, treatment approach to, and prognosis of pediatric MS. RECENT FINDINGS: Up to 10% of patients with MS have their initial demyelinating before the age of 18 years...
March 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323437/potato-consumption-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-the-norwegian-women-and-cancer-cohort
#6
Lene A Åsli, Anja Olsen, Tonje Braaten, Eiliv Lund, Guri Skeie
Potatoes are the fourth most plentiful food crop in the world, yet the scientific literature on the health effects of potato consumption is scarce. This study aimed to investigate the association between potato consumption and the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) among 79,778 women aged 41-70, in the Norwegian Women and Cancer study. Information on diet, lifestyle, and health was collected by questionnaire. CRC cases (n  =  912) were identified through registry linkage. Adjusted Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate the association between potato consumption and the risk of CRC...
March 21, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320171/stroke-severity-predicts-poststroke-delirium-and-its-association-with-dementia-longitudinal-observation-from-a-low-income-setting
#7
Akin Ojagbemi, Mayowa Owolabi, Toyin Bello, Olusegun Baiyewu
OBJECTIVE: The effect of delirium on stroke outcome has not been quantified in sub-Saharan Africa. We investigated the prevalence of delirium occurring within one week of stroke in Nigerian survivors and its association with dementia and mortality at 3months. METHODS: Delirium was ascertained after repeated assessments within one week of stroke using the Confusion Assessment Method. Demographic and clinical characteristics, stroke severity, current and pre-morbid cognitive functioning were also assessed...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320081/bariatric-surgery-versus-lifestyle-interventions-for-severe-obesity-5-year-changes-in-body-weight-risk-factors-and-comorbidities
#8
B Øvrebø, M Strømmen, B Kulseng, C Martins
Changes in body weight (BW), risk factors and comorbidities 5 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or different lifestyle interventions are compared. A total of 209 (75% women) severe obese adults were non-randomly allocated to: (A) RYGB (n = 58), (B) weight loss (WL) camp (n = 30), (C) residential intermittent programme (n = 64) or (D) hospital outpatient programme (n = 57). Body weight, risk factors and comorbidities were assessed at baseline, 1 and 5 years. A total of 89 and 54% completed the 1- and 5-year follow-up...
March 20, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319107/long-term-weight-change-slope-weight-fluctuation-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-middle-aged-japanese-men-and-women-findings-of-aichi-workers-cohort-study
#9
Y Zhang, H Yatsuya, Y Li, C Chiang, Y Hirakawa, N Kawazoe, K Tamakoshi, H Toyoshima, A Aoyama
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the association of long-term weight-change slopes, weight fluctuation and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in middle-aged Japanese men and women. METHODS: A total of 4234 participants of Aichi Workers' Cohort Study who were aged 35-66 years and free of diabetes in 2002 were followed through 2014. Past body weights at the ages of 20, 25, 30, 40 years, and 5 years before baseline as well as measured body weight at baseline were regressed on the ages...
March 20, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318910/predictors-of-cigarette-smoking-initiation-in-early-middle-and-late-adolescence
#10
Jennifer O'Loughlin, Erin K O'Loughlin, Robert J Wellman, Marie-Pierre Sylvestre, Erika N Dugas, Miguel Chagnon, Hartley Dutczak, Johanne Laguë, Jennifer J McGrath
PURPOSE: Little is known about age-related differences in risk factors for cigarette smoking initiation. We identified predictors of initiation in early, middle, and late adolescence from among sociodemographic factors, indicators of smoking in the social environment, psychological characteristics, lifestyle indicators, and perceived need for cigarettes. METHODS: Data were drawn from a longitudinal study of 1,801 children recruited at age 10-11 years from 29 elementary schools in Montreal, Canada...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317485/defective-insulin-signalling-mediated-by-inflammation-connects-obesity-to-alzheimer-disease-relevant-pharmacological-therapies-and-preventive-dietary-interventions
#11
Arantxa Rodriguez-Casado, Adolfo Toledano-Díaz, Adolfo Toledano
Recent evidence suggests that obesity, besides being a risk factor for cardiovascular events, also increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease. Insulin resistance is common in all cases of obesity and appears to be the linkage between both diseases. Obesity, often associated with excessive fat and sugar intake, represents a preclinical stage toward insulin resistance during which nutrition intervention is likely to have maximum effect. In this way, healthy lifestyles lifetime to prevent obesity-related modifiable risk factors such as inflammation, oxidative stress and metabolic disorders could be simultaneously beneficial for preserving cognition and controlling the Alzheimer's...
March 16, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317482/nutraceuticals-as-an-important-part-of-combination-therapy-in-dyslipidaemia
#12
Angelo Maria Patti, Peter P Toth, Rosaria Vincenza Giglio, Maciej Banach, Marcello Noto, Dragana Nikolic, Giuseppe Montalto, Manfredi Rizzo
Several risk factors such as abnormality of lipid metabolism (e.g. high levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), elevated triglycerides and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)) play a central role in the aetiology of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Nutraceutical combination together with a cholesterol-lowering action, when associated with suitable lifestyle, should furnish an alternative to pharmacotherapy in patients reporting statin-intolerance and in subjects at low cardiovascular risk...
March 17, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316010/protective-effect-of-lactobacillus-casei-on-dmh-induced-colon-carcinogenesis-in-mice
#13
Cesar Antonio Irecta-Nájera, María Del Rosario Huizar-López, Josefina Casas-Solís, Patricia Castro-Félix, Anne Santerre
The administration of probiotics is a promising approach to reduce the prevalence of colon cancer, a multifactorial disease, with hereditary factors, as well as environmental lifestyle-related risk factors. Biogenic polyamines, putrescine, spermidine, and spermine are small cationic molecules with great roles in cell proliferation and differentiation as well as regulation of gene expression. Ornithine decarboxylase is the first rate-limiting enzyme for polyamine synthesis, and upregulation of ornithine decarboxylase activity and polyamine metabolism has been associated with abnormal cell proliferation...
March 18, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315850/associations-between-obesity-adverse-behavioral-patterns-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-adolescent-inhabitants-of-a-greek-island
#14
Anastasia Garoufi, Evangelos E Grammatikos, Anastasios Kollias, Emmanuel Grammatikos, George S Stergiou, Alexandra Soldatou
BACKGROUND: Excess weight, unhealthy lifestyle habits and their sequelae have become a well-recognized public health problem in most countries. The objective of the study was to examine the relationship of adolescent overweight/obesity with behavioral habits and their association with blood pressure (BP) and lipid profile. METHODS: Anthropometric parameters, lifestyle, BP and lipid profile of 736 adolescents were evaluated cross-sectionally. The classifications of normal weight, overweight and obese were based on BMI z-scores...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315233/family-friend-and-media-factors-are-associated-with-patterns-of-weight-control-behavior-among-adolescent-girls
#15
Katherine N Balantekin, Leann L Birch, Jennifer S Savage
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship of family, friend, and media factors on weight-control group membership at 15 years separately and in a combined model. METHODS: Subjects included 166 15 year girls. Latent class analysis identified four patterns of weight-control behaviors: non-dieters, lifestyle, dieters, and extreme dieters. Family (family functioning, priority of the family meals, maternal/paternal weight-teasing, and mother's/father's dieting), friend (weight-teasing and dieting), and media variables (media sensitivity and weekly TV time) were included as predictors of weight-control group membership...
March 17, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314982/time-trends-of-cause-specific-mortality-among-resettlers-in-germany-1990-through-2009
#16
Simone Kaucher, Valentina Leier, Andreas Deckert, Bernd Holleczek, Christa Meisinger, Volker Winkler, Heiko Becher
Resettlers (in German: (Spät-)Aussiedler) form one of the biggest migrant groups in Germany. It is known that migrants have different mortality patterns compared to the autochthon population. In this paper, we combined data from three resettler cohorts and examined differences in mortality from non-communicable diseases among resettlers in Germany and the German population. Furthermore, we investigated time trends of cause-specific mortality for 20 years of follow-up and compared it with the German mortality rates...
March 17, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314823/body-size-indicators-and-risk-of-gallbladder-cancer-pooled-analysis-of-individual-level-data-from-19-prospective-cohort-studies
#17
Peter T Campbell, Christina C Newton, Cari M Kitahara, Alpa V Patel, Patricia Hartge, Jill Koshiol, Katherine A McGlynn, Hans-Olov Adami, Amy Berrington de González, Laura E Beane Freeman, Leslie Bernstein, Julie E Buring, Neal D Freedman, Yu-Tang Gao, Graham G Giles, Marc J Gunter, Mazda Jenab, Linda M Liao, Roger L Milne, Kim Robien, Dale P Sandler, Catherine Schairer, Howard D Sesso, Xiao-Ou Shu, Elisabete Weiderpass, Alicja Wolk, Yong-Bing Xiang, Anne Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Wei Zheng, Susan M Gapstur
Background: There are few established risk factors for gallbladder cancer beyond gallstones. Recent studies suggest a higher risk with high body mass index (BMI), an indicator of general heaviness, but evidence from other body size measures is lacking.Methods: Associations of adult BMI, young adult BMI, height, adult weight gain, waist circumference (WC), waist-height ratio (WHtR), hip circumference (HC), and waist-hip ratio (WHR) with gallbladder cancer risk were evaluated. Individual-level data from 1,878,801 participants in 19 prospective cohort studies (14 studies had circumference measures) were harmonized and included in this analysis...
March 17, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314557/neighborhood-socioeconomic-deprivation-and-weight-change-in-a-large-u-s-cohort
#18
Qian Xiao, David Berrigan, Sarah K Keadle, Charles E Matthews
INTRODUCTION: Both excessive weight gain and weight loss are important risk factors in the older population. Neighborhood environment may play an important role in weight change, but neighborhood effects on weight gain and weight loss have not been studied separately. This study examined the associations between neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and excessive weight gain and weight loss. METHODS: This analysis included 153,690 men and 105,179 women (aged 51-70 years)...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314524/development-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-psychosocial-assessment-of-candidates-for-transplantation-in-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#19
Saki Harashima, Ryo Yoneda, Takeshi Horie, Mami Kayano, Yosei Fujioka, Fumihiko Nakamura, Mineo Kurokawa, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi
BACKGROUND: The Psychosocial Assessment of Candidates for Transplantation (PACT) is a validated instrument for evaluating psychosocial risk factors in transplant candidates. OBJECTIVES: This study examined reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the PACT (J-PACT). METHODS: PACT is a clinician-rated scale consisting of an initial rating, 8 subscales, and a final rating. J-PACT was developed through a translation and back-translation procedure...
January 19, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314469/multiple-lifestyle-risk-behaviours-and-excess-weight-among-adolescents-in-barcelona-spain
#20
Xavier Continente, Anna Pérez, Albert Espelt, Carles Ariza, María José López
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyse the prevalence of having multiple lifestyle risk behaviours (LRB) and the potential relationship between excess weight (including overweight and obesity) and cumulative multiple LRB among adolescents in Barcelona, Spain. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among a representative sample of 3,114 secondary school students in Barcelona. Height and weight were objectively measured and excess weight was defined in accordance with World Health Organization criteria...
March 14, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
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