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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735153/self-monitoring-systems-for-personalised-health-care-and-lifestyle-surveillance
#1
EDITORIAL
Giuseppe Coppini, Sara Colantonio
The quality of life and individual well-being are universally recognised as key factors in disease prevention. In particular, lifestyle interventions are effective tools for reducing the risk and incidence of major illnesses, such as cardiovascular diseases and metabolic disorders. On the other hand, patient role is progressively shifting from being a passive recipient of care towards being a co-producer of her/his health. In this frame, novel devices and systems able to help individuals in self-evaluation are expected to play a crucial role...
July 19, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735119/a-case-series-of-pediatric-seymour-fractures-related-to-hoverboards-increasing-trend-with-changing-lifestyle
#2
A E Kattan, F AlShomer, A K Alhujayri, M Alfowzan, K A Murrad, H Alsajjan
BACKGROUND: Several recreational activities such as roller skating, skateboarding, and scooter riding create the risk for hand injuries, which are the fourth most commonly injured body part in relation to their use. Seymour first identified a specific pattern of digit injury as an open fracture affecting the distal phalangeal physis associated with nail avulsion from the eponychial fold. In this article, we report a series of Seymour fractures associated with misuse of the newly emerging recreational/transportation vehicle, the hoverboard...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734089/dementia-risk-and-prevention-by-targeting-modifiable-vascular-risk-factors
#3
REVIEW
Sana Tariq, Philip A Barber
The incidence of dementia is expected to double in the next 20 years and will contribute to heavy social and economic burden. Dementia is caused by neuronal loss that leads to brain atrophy years before symptoms manifest. Currently, no cure exists and extensive efforts are being made to mitigate cognitive impairment in late life in order to reduce the burden on patients, caregivers, and society. The most common type of dementia, Alzheimer's disease (AD), and vascular dementia (VaD) often co-exists in the brain and shares common, modifiable risk factors, which are targeted in numerous secondary prevention trials...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733869/bmi-is-a-risk-factor-for-colorectal-cancer-mortality
#4
Aasma Shaukat, Allison Dostal, Jeremiah Menk, Timothy R Church
BACKGROUND: The relationship between dietary and lifestyle risk factors and long-term mortality from colorectal cancer is poorly understood. Several factors, such as obesity, intakes of red meat, and use of aspirin, have been reported to be associated with risk of colorectal cancer mortality, though these findings have not been replicated in all studies to date. METHODS: In the Minnesota Colon Cancer Control Study, 46,551 participants 50-80 years old were randomly assigned to usual care (control) or annual or biennial screening by fecal occult blood testing...
July 21, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733474/persons-with-chronic-widespread-pain-experience-excess-mortality-longitudinal-results-from-uk-biobank-and-meta-analysis
#5
Gary J Macfarlane, Maxwell S Barnish, Gareth T Jones
OBJECTIVE: It is uncertain whether persons with chronic widespread pain (CWP) experience premature mortality. Using the largest study conducted, we determine whether such a relationship exists, estimate its magnitude and establish what factors mediate any relationship. METHODS: UK Biobank, a cohort study of 0.5 million people aged 40-69 years, recruited throughout Great Britain in 2006-2010. Participants reporting 'pain all over the body' for >3 months were compared with persons without chronic pain...
July 21, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733051/compliance-in-weight-control-reduces-atrial-fibrillation-worsening-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
F Fioravanti, D Brisinda, A R Sorbo, G Lombardi, L La Brocca, R Fenici
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Obesity plays a dominant role in the etiology of atrial fibrillation (AF), and the maintenance of a normal body mass index (BMI) seems to prevent and even reduce the incidence of the arrhythmia's recurrence. We selected 270 patients (pts) to assess whether this therapeutic effect was statistically significant even in Mediterranean patients. METHOD AND RESULTS: In this retrospective cohort study, we analyzed every symptomatic AF relapse during a total follow-up of 657 patient-years...
April 27, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732151/patients-attitudes-and-experiences-of-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-spondyloarthritis-a-qualitative-synthesis
#7
Ayano Kelly, Kathleen Tymms, David J Tunnicliffe, Daniel Sumpton, Chandima Perera, Kieran Fallon, Jonathan C Craig, Walter Abhayaratna, Allison Tong
OBJECTIVES: Non-adherence to disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDS) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthritis (SpA) results in increased disease activity and symptoms and poorer quality of life. We aimed to describe patients' attitudes and experiences of DMARDs in RA and SpA to inform strategies to improve medication adherence. METHODS: Databases (MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL) were searched to January 2016. Thematic synthesis was used to analyze the findings...
July 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730970/healthy-diet-and-reduction-of-chronic-disease-risks-of-night-shift-workers
#8
Giovanni M Ferri, Domenica Cavone, Graziana Intranuovo, Linda Macinagrossa
BACKGROUND: The large increase in epidemiological studies on night shift work is due to the important effects of night shift work on workers' health and psychophysical wellbeing. The short-term effects-insomnia, difficulties in managing work and private life, lower work performance, and more work and extra-work accidents-are easily studied. However, there are several long-term effects that are difficult to study because of the need for detailed exposure assessment and the long latency periods of these diseases...
July 20, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730532/survey-of-primary-care-providers-knowledge-of-screening-for-diagnosing-and-managing-prediabetes
#9
Eva Tseng, Raquel C Greer, Paul O'Rourke, Hsin-Chieh Yeh, Maura M McGuire, Jeanne M Clark, Nisa M Maruthur
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes affects 86 million US adults, but primary care providers' (PCPs') knowledge, practices, attitudes and beliefs toward prediabetes are unclear. OBJECTIVE: Assess PCPs' (1) knowledge of risk factors that should prompt prediabetes screening, laboratory criteria for diagnosing prediabetes and guidelines for management of prediabetes; (2) management practices around prediabetes; (3) attitudes and beliefs about prediabetes. DESIGN: Self-administered written survey of PCPs...
July 20, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729040/-long-term-effects-of-intensive-intervention-on-changes-in-lifestyle-in-patients-with-hyperfibrinogenaemia-and-moderate-high-cardiovascular-risk
#10
Laura Illamola Martin, Juan José Rodríguez Cristobal, Carlos Alonso-Villaverde, Betlem Salvador-González, Irene Moral Pelaez
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the benefit on cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) persists 5 years after an intensive intervention in lifestyle (LS) that lasted 2 years, in patients with hyperfibrinogenaemia and moderate or high cardiovascular risk. DESIGN: multicentre prospective observational study. LOCATION: 13 Primary Care Centres in Barcelona and Baix Llobregat. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 300 patients who completed the EFAP study (146 intervention group, 154 control group)...
July 17, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728886/effect-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-on-supar-levels-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Christopher Rohde, Christoffer Polcwiartek, Eivind Andersen, Torkel Vang, Jimmi Nielsen
OBJECTIVES: Soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a novel inflammatory marker, associated with lifestyle diseases and mortality risk. No studies have investigated whether physical activity may reduce suPAR levels using a randomized controlled design. DESIGN AND METHODS: suPAR and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were determined in blood samples from a previous randomized controlled trial with Pakistani immigrants in Norway, 2008. The study included physically inactive men that were randomized to an intervention group (supervised group exercises) or a control group and followed for 5 months...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728533/lifestyle-inequalities-explaining-socioeconomic-differences-in-preventive-practices-of-clinically-overweight-women-after-menopause
#12
Mélisa Audet, Alex Dumas, Rachelle Binette, Isabelle J Dionne
Excess weight and menopause are two major factors increasing aging women's vulnerability to chronic diseases. However, social position and socioeconomic status have also been identified as major determinants influencing both health behaviors and the development of such diseases. This study focuses on the socioeconomic variations of behavioral risk factors of chronic diseases in aging women. By drawing on Bourdieu's sociocultural theory of practice, 40 semistructured interviews were conducted to investigate preventive health practices of clinically overweight, postmenopausal women from contrasting socioeconomic classes living in Canada...
August 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728473/parents-views-on-childhood-obesity-qualitative-analysis-of-discussion-board-postings
#13
Jessica Appleton, Cathrine Fowler, Nicola Brown
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is an increasing concern for parents and health professionals alike. Parents' perception of obesity as a current health issue for their children is important for the everyday parenting and health choices parents make. As parents are frequently going online to seek and exchange information about parenting and child health, asynchronous online discussion forums provide an opportunity to investigate their perceptions and concerns. Understanding parents' perceptions, beliefs and attitudes is important in any childhood obesity prevention and intervention...
July 21, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725259/cardiovascular-disease-risk-and-prevention-amongst-syrian-refugees-mixed-methods-study-of-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-programme-in-jordan
#14
Dylan R J Collins, Kiran Jobanputra, Thomas Frost, Shoaib Muhammed, Alison Ward, Abed Alrazzaq Shafei, Taissir Fardous, Sadeq Gabashneh, Carl Heneghan
BACKGROUND: The growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) presented new challenges for medical humanitarian aid and little was known about primary health care approaches for these diseases in humanitarian response. We aimed to evaluate Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF's) use of total CVD risk based prevention strategies amongst Syrian refugees in northern Jordan to identify opportunities to improve total CVD risk based guidance for humanitarian settings. METHODS: We evaluated CVD risk assessment and management in two outpatient NCD clinics in the Irbid governorate of Jordan using a mixed methods design with qualitative and quantitative strands of equal priority, integrated during data collection and interpretation...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724530/the-population-health-benefits-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-life-expectancy-increased-and-onset-of-disability-delayed
#15
Neil Mehta, Mikko Myrskylä
A key determinant of population health is the behavioral profile of a population. Nearly 80 percent of Americans reach their fifties having smoked cigarettes, been obese, or both. It is unknown to what extent risky behaviors (for example, smoking, having a poor diet, being physically inactive, and consuming an excessive amount of alcohol) collectively are reducing the health and life expectancy of the US population, or what improvements might be achievable in their absence. Using data from the Health and Retirement Study, we studied people ages fifty and older who had never smoked, who were not obese, and who consumed alcohol moderately...
July 19, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724512/the-health-buddies-app-as-a-novel-tool-to-improve-adherence-and-knowledge-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients-a-pilot-study
#16
Lien Desteghe, Kiki Kluts, Johan Vijgen, Pieter Koopman, Dagmara Dilling-Boer, Joris Schurmans, Paul Dendale, Hein Heidbuchel
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) constitutes an important risk for stroke, especially in an ageing population. A new app (Health Buddies) was developed as a tool to improve adherence to non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in an elderly AF population by providing a virtual contract with their grandchildren, spelling out daily challenges for both. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility and usability of the Health Buddies app in AF patients...
July 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723919/level-of-physical-activity-and-aerobic-capacity-associate-with-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#17
Nathalia Volpato, Juliana Kobashigawa, Clarissa Lin Yasuda, Simoni Thiemi Kishimoto, Paula Teixeira Fernandes, Fernando Cendes
Epilepsy is more than seizures and includes a high risk of comorbidities and psychological disorders, leading to poor quality of life (QOL). Earlier studies have showed a sedentary lifestyle in people with epilepsy (PWE), which could contribute to poorer health and psychological problems. The purpose of the present study was to compare habits of physical activity (PA), aerobic capacity, and QOL between PWE and healthy controls in order to identify the necessity of intervention of habits and information on physical exercise (PE) and to better understand the importance of PE for PWE...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723836/subjective-versus-objective-estimated-cardiovascular-disease-risk-and-adherence-to-physical-activity-in-african-american-women
#18
Nadia Robinson, Arlene Miller, JoEllen Wilbur, Louis Fogg
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death for African American (AA) women in the United States. Despite high prevalence of CVD risk factors, AA women perceive their CVD risk as low. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to (1) identify relationships between subjective (self-reported perceived) CVD risk and objective CVD risk estimated by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association atherosclerotic CVD (ASCVD) risk estimator, (2) identify demographic and psychosocial factors associated with subjective perceived risk and discrepancy with objective estimated CVD risk, and (3) determine whether subjective perceived CVD risk was associated with physical activity (PA) adherence...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720369/metabolic-work-up-of-patients-with-urolithiasis-indications-and-diagnostic-algorithm
#19
REVIEW
Hans-Göran Tiselius, Michel Daudon, Kay Thomas, Christian Seitz
CONTEXT: The incidence of urinary tract stone disease is increasing and the risk of recurrent stone formation is high. Appropriate therapeutic procedures with the aim of counteracting the progress of stone formation are highly desirable. Metabolic work-up is considered essential as a base for optimal design and follow-up of effective recurrence prevention. OBJECTIVE: To scrutinize the current literature with regard to principles of metabolic work-up for this heterogeneous group of patients...
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720344/apoe-genotype-associates-with-food-consumption-and-body-composition-to-predict-dyslipidaemia-in-brazilian-adults-with-normal-weight-obesity-syndrome
#20
Lana Pacheco Franco, Amanda Gonçalves Zardini Silveira, Rochelle Sobral de Assis Vasconcelos Lima, Maria Aderuza Horst, Cristiane Cominetti
BACKGROUND & AIM: Normal-Weight Obesity Syndrome has been characterized by a normal body mass index and high percentage of body fat. It is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease development. This study aimed to evaluate whether apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotypes and food consumption are related to the lipid profiles of adults with Normal-Weight Obesity Syndrome. METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study, including adults with Normal-Weight Obesity Syndrome...
July 11, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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