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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046007/-dietary-recommendations-in-metabolic-vascular-syndrome
#1
Katharina Lechner, Nicole Erickson, Benjamin Lechner, Florian Horn
Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death globally. Poor diet constitutes a key factor in the initiation and progression of cardiovascular disease and has become the leading risk factor for disability and death worldwide. Therefore, addressing suboptimal nutrition is of key prognostic relevance in primary and secondary prevention of metabolic vascular syndrome.Metabolic vascular syndrome is a multidimensional network of acquired cardiometabolic risk factors closely related to insulin resistance (IR) and concomitant hyperinsulinemia...
October 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045951/lifestyle-behaviors-and-clinical-outcomes-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#2
Baruch Vainshelboim, Jose Oliveira, Shimon Izhakian, Avraham Unterman, Mordechai Reuven Kramer
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle behaviors are not well-characterized in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between lifestyle behaviors and clinical outcomes in patients with IPF. METHODS: A total of 34 IPF patients (median age 68 years) were assessed for daily sitting and weekly walking times using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire by in-person interview at baseline, and they were followed up for up to 40 months...
October 19, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045765/oral-anti-diabetic-agents-for-women-with-established-diabetes-impaired-glucose-tolerance-or-previous-gestational-diabetes-planning-pregnancy-or-pregnant-women-with-pre-existing-diabetes
#3
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Suzette Coat, William Hague, Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: While most guidance recommends the use of insulin in women whose pregnancies are affected by pre-existing diabetes, oral anti-diabetic agents may be more acceptable to women. The effects of these oral anti-diabetic agents on maternal and infant health outcomes need to be established in pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance, as well as in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus preconceptionally or during a subsequent pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of oral anti-diabetic agents in women with established diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance or previous gestational diabetes who are planning a pregnancy, or pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes, on maternal and infant health...
October 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045326/the-effects-of-acute-interval-exercise-and-strawberry-intake-on-postprandial-lipemia
#4
Alasdair F O'Doherty, Huw S Jones, Thozhukat Sathyapalan, Lee Ingle, Sean Carroll
PURPOSE: Raised postprandial triglycerides (TAG) and related oxidative stresses are strongly associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk. Acute exercise and strawberry ingestion independently ameliorate postprandial lipid excursions and oxidative stress. However, the combined effects of these lifestyle interventions are unknown. We investigated whether acute exercise and strawberry consumption improved postprandial responses to an oral fat tolerance test (OFTT) in overweight/obese males...
November 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044996/lifestyle-habitat-and-farmers-risk-of-exposure-to-tick-bites-in-an-endemic-area-of-tick-borne-diseases-in-hungary
#5
S Li, L Juhász-Horváth, A Trájer, L Pintér, M D A Rounsevell, P A Harrison
Controlling tick bites on farmers is important to the management of tick-borne diseases and occupational health risks in agriculture. Based on an extensive household survey conducted between June and August 2015 with 219 farmers from western Hungary where tick-borne diseases are endemic, we analysed the pattern of farmers' self-reported contacts with ticks and investigated the potential interactions between farmers, landscape and the risk of exposure to tick bites. We developed a lifestyle typology based on farmers' socioeconomic profiles, farming objectives and time use patterns, and a habitat typology describing different configurations of tick habitats and agricultural areas in place of farming...
October 17, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044768/prevalence-of-osteoporosis-and-low-bone-mass-among-puerto-rican-older-adults
#6
Sabrina E Noel, Kelsey M Mangano, John L Griffith, Nicole C Wright, Bess Dawson-Hughes, Katherine L Tucker
Historically, osteoporosis has not been considered a public health priority for the Hispanic population. However, recent data indicate that Mexican Americans are at increased risk for this chronic condition. Although it is well established that there is heterogeneity in social, lifestyle, and health-related factors among Hispanic subgroups, there are currently few studies on bone health among Hispanic subgroups other than Mexican Americans. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis and low bone mass (LBM) among 953 Puerto Rican adults, aged 47 to 79 yr and living on the U...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040573/how-much-atopy-is-attributable-to-common-childhood-environmental-exposures-a-population-based-birth-cohort-study-followed-to-adulthood
#7
Hayden H Shin, Stephanie J Lynch, Andrew R Gray, Malcolm R Sears, Robert J Hancox
Background: The rising prevalence of atopic diseases implies a strong influence of environmental determinants. Epidemiological studies have identified several early life exposures that appear to influence the risk of developing atopic sensitization, but the combined influence of these exposures is unknown. We sought to estimate the proportion of atopy that could be attributed to common childhood exposures associated with atopic sensitization in adolescence and young adulthood. Methods: Atopic sensitization was measured by skin-prick tests for common aeroallergens in a population-based New Zealand birth cohort at ages 13 and 32 years...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040440/trends-in-lifestyle-among-three-cohorts-of-adults-aged-55-64-years-in-1992-1993-2002-2003-and-2012-2013
#8
Ilse Reinders, Natasja M van Schoor, Dorly J H Deeg, Martijn Huisman, Marjolein Visser
Background: Unhealthy lifestyle factors, such as obesity, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and physical inactivity, are associated with increased morbidity and mortality risk, even in older age. We investigated trends in lifestyle among three cohorts of adults aged 55-64 years from the Netherlands. Methods: Data from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam were used. This study consisted of three randomly selected samples of men and women. Lifestyle data were collected in 1992/1993 (cohort 1, n = 988), in 2002/2003 (cohort 2, n = 1002) and in 2012/2013 (cohort 3, n = 1023)...
October 13, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040353/sociodemographic-differences-between-alcohol-use-and-sickness-absence-pooled-analysis-of-four-cohort-studies
#9
Jenni Ervasti, Mika Kivimäki, Jenny Head, Marcel Goldberg, Guillaume Airagnes, Jaana Pentti, Tuula Oksanen, Paula Salo, Sakari Suominen, Markus Jokela, Jussi Vahtera, Marie Zins, Marianna Virtanen
Aims: We examined differences in sickness absence in relation to at-risk drinking and abstinence, taking into account potential changes in consumption. Methods: We used individual-participant data (n = 46,514) from four prospective cohort studies from Finland, France and the UK. Participants responded to a survey on alcohol use at two time points 4-6 years apart, and were linked to records of sickness absence for an ~6-year follow-up after the latter survey. Abstainers were those reporting no alcohol use in either survey...
October 13, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040315/individual-and-environmental-correlates-of-objectively-measured-sedentary-time-in-dutch-and-belgian-adults
#10
Femke van Nassau, Joreintje D Mackenbach, Sofie Compernolle, Ilse de Bourdeaudhuij, Jeroen Lakerveld, Hidde P van der Ploeg
As the detrimental health effects of sedentary behaviour are well established, insight into the individual and environmental factors that influence adults' sedentary behaviour is needed. Most studies to date rely on self-reported measures of sedentary time. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to examine individual and environmental correlates of objectively measured sedentary time in Dutch and Belgian adults. Between March and August 2014, Belgian (n = 133) and Dutch (n = 223) adults, recruited as sub-sample of the SPOTLIGHT survey, wore an ActiGraph accelerometer to provide objectively measured sedentary and moderate to vigorous physical activity time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038285/metabolic-effects-of-diet-and-exercise-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-ckd-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
T Alp Ikizler, Cassianne Robinson-Cohen, Charles Ellis, Samuel A E Headley, Katherine Tuttle, Richard J Wood, Elizabeth Elspeth Evans, Charles M Milch, Kelsey Anne Moody, Michael Germain, Chutatip Limkunakul, Aihua Bian, Thomas G Stewart, Jonathan Himmelfarb
CKD is steadily increasing along with obesity worldwide. Furthermore, obesity is a proinflammatory risk factor for progression of CKD and cardiovascular disease. We tested the hypothesis that implementation of caloric restriction and aerobic exercise is feasible and can improve the proinflammatory metabolic milieu in patients with moderate to severe CKD through a pilot, randomized, 2×2 factorial design trial. Of 122 participants consented, 111 were randomized to receive caloric restriction and aerobic exercise, caloric restriction alone, aerobic exercise alone, or usual care...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038095/factors-associated-with-engagement-with-a-web-based-lifestyle-intervention-following-provision-of-coronary-heart-disease-risk-mixed-methods-study
#12
Juliet A Usher-Smith, Laura R Winther, Guy S Shefer, Barbora Silarova, Rupert A Payne, Simon J Griffin
BACKGROUND: Web-based interventions provide the opportunity to combine the tailored approach of face-to-face interventions with the scalability and cost-effectiveness of public health interventions. This potential is often limited by low engagement. A number of studies have described the characteristics of individuals who engage more in Web-based interventions but few have explored the reasons for these variations. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore individual-level factors associated with different degrees of engagement with a Web-based behavior change intervention following provision of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk information, and the barriers and facilitators to engagement...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037827/improvement-of-serum-lipids-concentration-in-a-general-population-historical-cohort-why
#13
Juan Antonio Gómez Gerique, Ignacio Ferreira Gonzalez, Miguel Angel Rubio Herrera, David Lora Pablos, Beatriz Martín Ballesteros, Romina García Sardina, Agustín Gómez de la Cámara
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the harmful effects of high levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (cLDL) in adults increased after the publication of various guidelines, leading to closer control and more treatment. We hypothesized that these health care changes would result in an overall improvement in the lipid profile of the population. OBJECTIVE: To determine the evolution of the lipid profile in the population of Spain from the Diet and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Spain cohort...
October 13, 2017: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037522/rheumatoid-arthritis-and-risk-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-or-asthma-among-women-a-marginal-structural-model-analysis-in-the-nurses-health-study
#14
Jeffrey A Sparks, Tzu-Chieh Lin, Carlos A Camargo, Medha Barbhaiya, Sara K Tedeschi, Karen H Costenbader, Benjamin A Raby, Hyon K Choi, Elizabeth W Karlson
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether RA increases risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or asthma independent of factors occurring before RA onset or mediating these respiratory morbidities after diagnosis, such as cigarette smoking. METHODS: Within the prospective Nurses' Health Study (n = 121,701 women; 1976-2014), we identified an incident RA cohort and matched each woman with RA to 10 comparators without RA by age and year at index date of RA diagnosis, excluding women with COPD or asthma at baseline...
September 18, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037501/lifestyles-and-health-related-outcomes-of-u-s-hospital-nurses-a-systematic-review
#15
Susan M Priano, Oi Saeng Hong, Jyu-Lin Chen
BACKGROUND: Nurses' modifiable lifestyles have important health-related consequences. PURPOSE: To examine the literature on U.S. hospital nurses' activity, diet, and health outcomes of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHOD: A systematic review using of the literature from June 2006 to June 2016 resulted in 13 studies on U.S. hospital nurses' diet, physical activity and CVD and HRQOL outcomes...
September 5, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037105/the-role-of-female-obesity-on-in-vitro-fertilization-outcomes
#16
Miro Kasum, Slavko Orešković, Ermin Čehić, Albert Lila, Emina Ejubović, Dragan Soldo
The aim of this review is to analyze the role of obesity on fertility outcome in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) with respect to clinical or live birth rates and pregnancy loss rates. Despite findings from several earlier and newer studies that obesity does not adversely affect pregnancy outcome in women attempting conception, numerous reports from mostly recent studies suggest that obesity undoubtedly impairs IVF outcomes. Obesity impairs ovarian responsiveness to gonadotrophin stimulation, requiring higher doses of medication, increased risk of cycle cancelation, pre-term delivery, low birth weight or miscarriage, and decreases implantation, clinical pregnancy or live birth rates compared to women of normal weight...
October 16, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037073/physical-inactivity-and-cognitive-impairment-in-korean-older-adults-gender-differences-in-potential-covariates
#17
Youngyun Jin, Jinkyung Cho, Inhwan Lee, Haeryun Hong, Donghyun Kim, Soohyun Park, Hyunsik Kang
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is one major lifestyle risk factor of mild cognitive impairment with ageing. AIM: To investigate whether or not potential covariates modulate the association between physical activity (PA) and cognitive impairment in older adults. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data from 10 245 Korean older adults (5 817 women) were used. RESULTS: High PA older adults were younger and longer educated and had lower comorbidity and depression than low PA older adults...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036813/association-between-later-life-lifestyle-factors-and-alzheimer-s-disease-biomarkers-in-non-demented-individuals-a-longitudinal-descriptive-cohort-study
#18
Babette L R Reijs, Stephanie J B Vos, Hilkka Soininen, Jyrki Lötjonen, Juha Koikkalainen, Maria Pikkarainen, Anette Hall, Ritva Vanninen, Yawu Liu, Sanna-Kaisa Herukka, Yvonne Freund-Levi, Giovanni B Frisoni, Lutz Frölich, Flavio Nobili, Marcel Olde Rikkert, Luiza Spiru, Magda Tsolaki, Åsa K Wallin, Philip Scheltens, Frans Verhey, Pieter Jelle Visser
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors have been associated with the risk of dementia, but the association with Alzheimer's disease (AD) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between later life lifestyle factors and AD biomarkers (i.e., amyloid-β 1-42 (Aβ42) and tau in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and hippocampal volume) in individuals with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). In addition, to examine the effect of later life lifestyle factors on developing AD-type dementia in individuals with MCI...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036776/lifestyle-risk-factors-and-corresponding-levels-of-clinical-advice-and-counselling-in-general-practice
#19
Jessica Beattie, Marley Binder, Christopher Harrison, Graeme C Miller, Daryl Pedler
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine prevalence rates of lifestyle risk factors in the Western Victorian Primary Health Network (WV PHN) general practice patient population and the corresponding levels of clinical advice and counselling. METHODS: Analysed data from the Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health (BEACH) program from April 2011 to March 2015 were examined, providing a comparison of three geographical areas of general practice patients: WV PHN, Victoria and Australia...
October 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035940/perspectives-on-hypertension-s-prevalence-treatment-and-control-in-a-high-cardiovascular-risk-east-european-country-data-from-the-sephar-iii-survey
#20
Maria Dorobantu, Oana-Florentina Tautu, Doina Dimulescu, Crina Sinescu, Paul Gusbeth-Tatomir, Catalina Arsenescu-Gerogescu, Florin Mitu, Daniel Lighezan, Calin Pop, Katalin Babes, Alina Giuca, Ileana Branza, Mihaela Udrescu, Valeria Herdea, Roxana Darabont
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the trend in arterial hypertension's prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control in Romania, starting from the latest national survey Study for the Evaluation of Prevalence of Hypertension and Cardiovascular Risk in Romania III that has a crucial importance for the development of prevention strategies at national level. METHODS: A representative sample of 1970 Romanian adults (mean age 48.38 years, age range 18-80 years, 52.5% women, 72...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
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