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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907187/ticks-from-cats-in-the-united-states-patterns-of-infestation-and-infection-with-pathogens
#1
Susan E Little, Anne W Barrett, Yoko Nagamori, Brian H Herrin, Dorothy Normile, Kathleen Heaney, Rob Armstrong
Ticks are an important but under recognized parasitic threat to cats in many areas of the United States. To characterize the species and stages of ticks most commonly recovered from cats and determine the prevalence of disease agents in the ticks, we conducted a survey of ticks removed from cats at veterinary practices in 18 states from April 2016-June 2017. A total of 796 ticks were submitted from 332 cats from 41 different veterinary practices. A single tick was submitted from the majority of cats, with a mean infestation intensity of 2...
June 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907101/cardiovascular-disease-lifestyle-risk-factors-in-people-with-psychosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Doreen Mucheru, Mary-Claire Hanlon, Linda E Campbell, Mark McEvoy, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks
BACKGROUND: People with psychosis die on average 25 years earlier than those in the general population, with cardiovascular disease (CVD) contributing to much of the excess mortality. This cross-sectional study aimed to identify the relationship between lifestyle risk factors for CVD - poor nutrition, smoking and low physical activity levels - and dyslipidaemia, hypertension and hyperglycaemia while controlling for potential confounders in 1825 people from the Survey of High Impact Psychosis (SHIP) in Australia...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905590/are-college-students-told-by-health-care-providers-about-their-risk-factors-for-developing-diabetes
#3
Jennifer L Saylor, Christina J Calamaro, Thomas Hardie, Michelle Ness, Janice Selekman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Communication about risk factors for diabetes between nurse practitioners and college students may not be occurring as the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes increases. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to evaluate if college students are being told of their risk for diabetes based on known risk factors of weight, sleep, and depressive symptoms. METHODS: Descriptive, cross-sectional study was completed using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012...
June 4, 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905009/history-of-gestational-diabetes-and-future-cardiovascular-disease-what-have-we-learned
#4
Cherng-Lan Hsu, Wayne H-H Sheu
It is well established that history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) will increase risks of developing metabolic syndrome (MetS) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and often subsequently link to future risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Recommendations from The American Diabetes Association (ADA) indicates that GDM is one of risk factors for future CVD in women based on previous evidence showing strong associations between GDM and CVD, such as myocardial infarction and stroke1 . However, most of those relationships were obtained from analysis of retrospective data...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904935/physical-activity-and-the-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-lynch-syndrome
#5
S Ghazaleh Dashti, Aung Ko Win, Sheetal S Hardikar, Stephen E Glombicki, Sheila Mallenahalli, Selvi Thirumurthi, Susan K Peterson, Y Nancy You, Daniel D Buchanan, Jane C Figueiredo, Peter T Campbell, Steven Gallinger, Polly A Newcomb, John D Potter, Noralane M Lindor, Loic Le Marchand, Robert W Haile, John L Hopper, Mark A Jenkins, Karen M Basen-Engquist, Patrick M Lynch, Mala Pande
Greater physical activity is associated with a decrease in risk of colorectal cancer for the general population; however, little is known about its relationship with colorectal cancer risk for people with Lynch syndrome, carriers of inherited pathogenic mutations in genes affecting DNA mismatch repair (MMR). We studied a cohort of 2,042 MMR gene mutations carriers (n=807, diagnosed with colorectal cancer), from the Colon Cancer Family Registry. Self-reported physical activity in three age-periods (20-29, 30-49, and ≥50 years) was summarized as average metabolic equivalent of task hours per week (MET-h/week) during the age-period of cancer diagnosis or censoring (near-term exposure), and across all age-periods preceding cancer diagnosis or censoring (long-term exposure)...
June 14, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904224/the-global-burden-of-kidney-disease-and-the-sustainable-development-goals
#6
Valerie A Luyckx, Marcello Tonelli, John W Stanifer
Kidney disease has been described as the most neglected chronic disease. Reliable estimates of the global burden of kidney disease require more population-based studies, but specific risks occur across the socioeconomic spectrum from poverty to affluence, from malnutrition to obesity, in agrarian to post-industrial settings, and along the life course from newborns to older people. A range of communicable and noncommunicable diseases result in renal complications and many people who have kidney disease lack access to care...
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903790/pathways-linking-socioeconomic-status-to-small-for-gestational-age-sga-infants-among-primiparae-a-birth-cohort-study-in-china
#7
Xiu Luo, Lingfei Liu, Huaiting Gu, Fang Hou, Xinyan Xie, Xin Li, Heng Meng, Jiajia Zhang, Shunqing Xu, Ranran Song
OBJECTIVES: Evidence about the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants was insufficient among Chinese primiparae. In addition, factors that may mediate this relationship are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk of and mediators between SES and SGA. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Wuhan, Hubei, China. METHOD: Participants were recruited from patients who gave birth in the maternity care hospital of Wuhan between September 2012 and October 2014...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903598/trial-protocol-cognitive-functional-therapy-compared-with-combined-manual-therapy-and-motor-control-exercise-for-people-with-non-specific-chronic-low-back-pain-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Fabiana Terra Cunha Belache, Cíntia Pereira de Souza, Jessica Fernandez, Julia Castro, Paula Dos Santos Ferreira, Elizana Rodrigues de Sousa Rosa, Nathalia Cristina Gimenez de Araújo, Felipe José Jandre Reis, Renato Santos de Almeida, Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira, Luís Cláudio Lemos Correia, Ney Meziat-Filho
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain is a public health problem, and there is strong evidence that it is associated with a complex interaction of biopsychosocial factors. Cognitive functional therapy is an intervention that deals with potentially modifiable multidimensional aspects of pain (eg, provocative cognitive, movement and lifestyle behaviours). There is evidence (from a single randomised, controlled trial) that cognitive functional therapy is better than combined manual therapy and motor control exercise...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903220/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-low-body-weight-among-45-years-old-and-over-residents-in-general-rural-areas-in-2010-2012-in-china
#9
Qingqing Man, Shaojie Pang, Hui Wang, Yuqian Li, Lixiang Li, Jingzhong Wang
OBJECTIVE: To know the prevalence of low body weight among middleaged and elderly people in general rural areas of China and investigate the influence factors. METHODS: A total of 25 464 participants who were 45 years old and above from2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Surveillance as subjects to investigate the prevalence of low body weight. For 545 low body weight participants, we performed a1∶ 2 case-control study to investigate the influence factors...
January 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903200/-interaction-between-alcohol-drinking-and-other-factors-of-lifestyles-on-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Song Xue, Min Mu, Wenyue Li, Kehong Fang, Jie Shang, Kai Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the interaction between alcohol-drinking and other factors of lifestyles on the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus( T2 DM). METHODS: From June2015 to February 2016, 320 patients diagnosed with T2 DM in Huainan Eastern Hospital and 640 healthy cases at the same time in local medical examination center were randomlychosen to carry out the investigation, the differences between the two groups about demography, alcohol-drinking, smoking, physical activities and dietary habits were compared...
November 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902941/accessibility-information-in-new-delhi-for-easenaccess-android-based-app-for-persons-with-disability-an-observational-study
#11
Yashovardhan Agarwal
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization and the World Bank's "World Report on Disability" reported that over 1 billion people have various kinds of disability worldwide while Indian Census 2011 reported about 26 million in India. The United Nations Convention states, "The Rights of Persons with Disabilities (PwD) include accessibility to Information, Transportation, Environment, Communication Technology and Services". OBJECTIVE: This article takes forward the reason of making the "EasenAccess" (EnA) Android-based app to empower PwD with wheelchair-accessibility information, communication sentences and sending SOS signals with location...
June 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902781/developing-culturally-adapted-lifestyle-interventions-for-south-asian-migrant-populations-a-qualitative-study-of-the-key-success-factors-and-main-challenges
#12
L Terragni, E Beune, K Stronks, E Davidson, S Qureshi, B Kumar, E Diaz
OBJECTIVES: South Asian migrant populations have a high risk of non-communicable diseases, such as type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study is to provide in-depth insight into key success factors and challenges in developing culturally adapted lifestyle interventions to prevent T2D within South Asian migrant populations. STUDY DESIGN: The study has a qualitative research design. METHODS: In-depth interviews, using a semi-structured interview guide, were conducted with eight researchers and project leaders from five studies of culturally adapted lifestyle interventions for South Asian migrant populations...
June 11, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902701/risk-of-peripheral-artery-disease-according-to-a-healthy-lifestyle-score-the-predimed-study
#13
Nieves López-Laguna, Miguel A Martínez-González, Estefania Toledo, Nancy Babio, José V Sorlí, Emilio Ros, Miguel Ángel Muñoz, Ramon Estruch, José Lapetra, Carlos Muñoz-Bravo, Miquel Fiol, Lluís Serra-Majem, Xavier Pintó, José I González, Montse Fitó, Josep Basora, Fernando Arós, Miguel Ruiz-Canela
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) is a multicentre trial analyzed as a prospective cohort study. A total of 7122 participants (aged 55-80 years) at high risk of cardiovascular disease in the PREDIMED trial were recruited in 11 centres in Spain. The prevalence of subjects with type 2 diabetes was 50%. Our objective was to determine the contribution of lifestyle factors to the development of peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: Incident clinical PAD in relation to a healthy lifestyle 5-point score defined as adherence to a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), moderate alcohol intake, regular physical activity, normal weight (BMI<25) and non-smoking was measured...
May 31, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902224/premorbid-risk-perception-lifestyle-adherence-and-coping-strategies-of-people-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-phenomenological-study-in-the-brong-ahafo-region-of-ghana
#14
Philip Teg-Nefaah Tabong, Vitalis Bawontuo, Doris Ningwiebe Dumah, Joseph Maaminu Kyilleh, Tolgou Yempabe
BACKGROUND: One of the non-communicable diseases which is on the rise is type 2 diabetes (T2D). T2D is largely preventable with healthy lifestyle. We therefore conducted this study to explore premorbid perception of risk, behavioural practices and the coping strategies of patients with T2D. METHODS: Using descriptive phenomenology approach to qualitative enquiry, we conducted eight focus group discussions (N = 73) with diabetic patients; four among males (N = 36) and four among females (N = 37)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899980/magnitude-and-pattern-of-hypertension-in-the-niger-delta-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-community-based-studies
#15
Martinsixtus Ezejimofor, Olalekan Uthman, Yen-Fu Chen, Benedeth Ezejimofor, Aloysius Ezeabasili, Saverio Stranges, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala
Background: Emerging evidence found that health inequality in the Niger Delta region in Nigeria has continued to worsen due to epidemiological and environmental risks transitions. This study aims to provide an up-to-date review and the secular trends of hypertension prevalence in Niger Delta. Methods: We systematically searched databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE, African index Medicus and African Journal online from inception to December 30, 2016 for population-based studies providing prevalence estimates of hypertension in the Niger Delta...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899685/securing-rights-and-nutritional-health-for-persons-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-pressing-challenge
#16
Svein Olav Kolset, Marianne Nordstrøm, Sigrun Hope, Kjetil Retterstøl, Per Ole Iversen
Persons with intellectual disabilities (ID) are dependent on nutritional policies that have so far not been addressed in a systematic and health-promoting manner in Norway and other nations with a high socioeconomic standard. In many poor countries, such issues have not even been raised nor addressed. Nutritional issues facing persons with ID include the risk of both underweight and overweight. Deficiency in energy, vitamins, essential fatty acids and micronutrients can increase the risk of additional health burdens in already highly vulnerable individuals...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899375/echoes-from-gaea-poseidon-hephaestus-and-prometheus-environmental-risk-factors-for-high-blood-pressure
#17
Prateek Sharma, Robert D Brook
High blood pressure (BP) affects over one billion people and is the leading risk factor for global mortality. While many lifestyle and genetic risk factors are well-accepted to increase BP, the role of the external environment is typically overlooked. Mounting evidence now supports that numerous environmental factors can promote an elevation in BP. Broadly speaking these include aspects of the natural environment (e.g., cold temperatures, higher altitude, and winter season), natural disasters (e.g., earthquakes, volcanic eruptions), and man-made exposures (e...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899172/dietary-intake-of-energy-and-nutrients-from-breakfast-and-risk-of-stroke-in-the-japanese-population-the-circulatory-risk-in-communities-study-circs
#18
Chika Okada, Hironori Imano, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Renzhe Cui, Mitsumasa Umesawa, Koutatsu Maruyama, Isao Muraki, Mina Hayama-Terada, Yuji Shimizu, Tomoko Sankai, Takeo Okada, Masahiko Kiyama, Akihiko Kitamura, Hiroyasu Iso
AIMS: The frequency of breakfast intake has been reported to be inversely associated with the risk of cardiovascular events; however, it is uncertain what the impact of the energy and nutrient intakes from breakfast are. We assessed the association between these intakes from breakfast and the risk of stroke prospectively. METHODS: In a baseline survey of four Japanese communities between 1981 and 1990, we enrolled 3 248 residents (1 662 men and 1 586 women) aged 40-59 years who were free from stroke and heart disease and who responded to the 24-hour dietary recall survey...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899044/human-genetics-of-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-past-present-and-future
#19
REVIEW
Erik Ingelsson, Mark I McCarthy
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) and obesity already represent 2 of the most prominent risk factors for cardiovascular disease, and are destined to increase in importance given the global changes in lifestyle. Ten years have passed since the first round of genome-wide association studies for T2D and obesity. During this decade, we have witnessed remarkable developments in human genetics. We have graduated from the despair of candidate gene-based studies that generated few consistently replicated genotype-phenotype associations, to the excitement of an exponential harvest of loci robustly associated with medical outcomes through ever larger genome-wide association study meta-analyses...
June 2018: Circulation. Genomic and precision medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898904/should-i-stay-or-should-i-go-copd-and-air-travel
#20
REVIEW
Begum Ergan, Metin Akgun, Angela Maria Grazia Pacilli, Stefano Nava
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a challenging respiratory problem throughout the world. Although survival is prolonged with new therapies and better management, the magnitude of the burden resulting from moderate-to-severe disease is increasing. One of the major aims of the disease management is to try to break the vicious cycle of patients being homebound and to promote an active lifestyle. A fundamental component of active daily life is, of course, travelling. Today, the world is getting smaller with the option of travelling by air...
June 30, 2018: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
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