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acute complications of diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336106/nomogram-for-predicting-oral-feeding-intolerance-in-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis
#1
Melody G Bevan, Varsha M Asrani, Sayali A Pendharkar, Rachel L Goodger, John A Windsor, Maxim S Petrov
OBJECTIVES: Oral feeding intolerance (OFI) is a common complication of acute pancreatitis that leads to prolonged hospitalization, increased use of hospital resources, and impaired quality of life. However, there are no clinically useful predictors of OFI. The aims of this study were to determine whether gastrointestinal dysmotility is associated with the development of OFI, and whether the gastroparesis cardinal symptom index (GCSI) can be used as a predictive tool in a clinical setting...
April 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331489/reversible-atrial-fibrillation-following-crotalinae-envenomation
#2
Dan Quan, Kenneth Zurcher
BACKGROUND: Cardiotoxicity is a documented complication of Crotalinae envenomation. Reported cardiac complications following snake envenomation have included acute myocardial infarction, electrocardiogram abnormalities and arrhythmias. Few reports exist describing arrhythmia induced by viper envenomation and to our knowledge none describe arrhythmia induced by Crotalinae envenomation. This report concerns the first known case of atrial fibrillation precipitated by rattlesnake bite. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old Caucasian man with a past medical history of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, type 1 diabetes mellitus, and a baseline first-degree atrioventricular block presented to the emergency department following a rattlesnake bite to his left lower leg...
2017: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322830/antidiabetic-antidyslipidemic-and-toxicity-profile-of-env-2-a-potent-pyrazole-derivative-against-diabetes-and-related-diseases
#3
Eduardo Hernández-Vázquez, Hugo Ocampo-Montalban, Litzia Cerón-Romero, Miguel Cruz, Jaime Gomez-Zamudio, Guadalupe Hiriart-Valencia, Rafael Villalobos-Molina, Angelica Flores-Flores, Samuel Estrada-Soto
Diabetes is a major health problem and a predisposition factor for further degenerative complications and, therefore, novel therapies are urgently needed. Currently, cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1 receptor) antagonists have been considered as promissory entities for metabolic disorders treatment. Accordingly, the purpose of this work was the evaluation of the sub-acute antidiabetic, anti-hyperglycemic, antidyslipidemic and toxicological profile of ENV-2, a potent hypoglycemic and antioxidant CB1 receptor antagonist...
March 17, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322063/discrepancies-between-blood-glucose-and-interstitial-glucose-technological-artifacts-or-physiology
#4
Thorsten Siegmund, Lutz Heinemann, Ralf Kolassa, Andreas Thomas
BACKGROUND: For decades, the major source of information used to make therapeutic decisions by patients with diabetes has been glucose measurements using capillary blood samples. Knowledge gained from clinical studies, for example, on the impact of metabolic control on diabetes-related complications, is based on such measurements. Different to traditional blood glucose measurement systems, systems for continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) measure glucose in interstitial fluid (ISF). The assumption is that glucose levels in blood and ISF are practically the same and that the information provided can be used interchangeably...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320990/comorbidities-and-complications-in-nonagenarians-undergoing-coronary-angiography-and-intervention
#5
Mohamed Gayed, Nour Yadak, Waad Qamhia, Yunis Daralammouri, Marc-Alexander Ohlow
Elderly people represent the fastest growing portion of cardiovascular patients. We aimed to analyze the clinical presentation, risk factors, co-morbidities, complications, and mortality in patients 90 years or more who underwent coronary angiography and intervention.We retrospectively studied 108 (0.25% of 43,385) consecutive patients ≥ 90 years undergoing cardiac catheterization and/or intervention in a tertiary specialist hospital between 2003 and 2014.Most patients (68.5%) were introduced on an emergency basis, especially with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) (63...
March 21, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318091/insulin-responsive-glucagon-delivery-for-prevention-of-hypoglycemia
#6
Jicheng Yu, Yuqi Zhang, Wujin Sun, Anna R Kahkoska, Jinqiang Wang, John B Buse, Zhen Gu
Hypoglycemia, the state of abnormally low blood glucose level, is an acute complication of insulin and sulfonylurea therapy in diabetes management. Frequent insulin dosing and boluses during daily diabetes care leads to an increased risk of dangerously low glucose levels, which can cause behavioral and cognitive disturbance, seizure, coma, and even death. This study reports an insulin-responsive glucagon delivery method based on a microneedle (MN)-array patch for the prevention of hypoglycemia. The controlled release of glucagon is achieved in response to elevated insulin concentration by taking advantage of the specific interaction between insulin aptamer and target insulin...
March 20, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304146/liraglutide-acutely-suppresses-glucagon-lipolysis-and-ketogenesis-in-type-1-diabetes
#7
Manisha Garg, Husam Ghanim, Nitesh D Kuhadiya, Kelly Green, Jeanne Hejna, Sanaa Abuaysheh, Barrett Torre, Manav Batra, Antoine Makdissi, Ajay Chaudhuri, Paresh Dandona
In view of the occurrence of diabetic ketoacidosis associated with the use of sodium-glucose transport protein-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and the relative absence of this complication in patients treated with liraglutide in spite of reductions in insulin doses, we investigated the effect of liraglutide on ketogenesis. Twenty-six patients with inadequately controlled T1DM were randomly divided into two groups of 13 patients each. After an overnight fast, patients were injected, subcutaneously, with either liraglutide 1...
March 17, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303514/euglycemic-ketosis-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-on-sglt2-inhibitor-therapy-an-emerging-problem-and-solutions-offered-by-diabetes-technology
#8
A Pfützner, D Klonoff, L Heinemann, N Ejskjaer, J Pickup
Diabetic ketoacidosis is an infrequent but life-threatening acute complication of diabetes, affecting predominantly patients with type 1 diabetes, children, and pregnant women, where ketosis is usually associated with marked hyperglycemia. Recently, an increasing number of cases have been reported of euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis in patients with type 2 diabetes receiving sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor treatment in routine practice. There is a minor, but not negligible diabetic ketoacidosis risk associated with this drug class, which was not seen in randomized clinical trials...
March 17, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302078/early-serum-creatinine-accurately-predicts-acute-kidney-injury-post-cardiac-surgery
#9
Keren Grynberg, Kevan R Polkinghorne, Sharon Ford, Fiona Stenning, Thomas E Lew, Jonathan A Barrett, Shaun A Summers
BACKGROUND: Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a well recognized complication of cardiac surgery. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The aims of our study are twofold; 1. To define the incidence of AKI post cardiac surgery. 2. To identify pre-morbid and operative risk factors for developing AKI and to determine if immediate post operative serum creatinine (IPOsCr) accurately predicts the development of AKI. METHODS: We prospectively studied 196 consecutive patients undergoing elective (on-pump) cardiac surgery...
March 16, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296467/comparison-of-insulin-pump-therapy-and-multiple-daily-injections-insulin-regimen-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-during-ramadan-fasting
#10
Reem Alamoudi, Maram Alsubaiee, Ali Alqarni, Yousef Saleh, Saleh Aljaser, Abdul Salam, Mohsen Eledrisi
INTRODUCTION: Fasting Ramadan carries a high risk for patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM). Data on the optimum insulin regimen in these patients are limited. OBJECTIVES: To compare glucose profiles in patients with T1DM who use continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) compared with those who use multiple daily injections (MDI) insulin regimen during Ramadan fast. The primary outcome was rates of hypoglycemia. Other outcomes included glycemic control, number of days needed to break fasting, and acute glycemic complications...
March 15, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290872/-chronic-heart-failure-due-to-formation-of-giant-left-ventricular-pseudoaneurysm-after-painless-myocardial-infarction-in-a-female-patient-with-diabetes
#11
L A Katkova, N V Furman, P V Dolotovskaya, Ya P Dovgalevsky, N K Sakharova, E A Panteleeva, E A Parshina
Rupture of the free wall of the left ventricle with the formation of a false aneurysm (pseudoaneurysm, PA) - is a rare complication of acute myocardial infarction. Given the high risk of rupture of the PA and other life-threatening consequences (progressive heart failure, thromboembolic events), as well as the absence of pathognomonic signs and the difficulty in determining treatment strategy (feasibility and timing of surgery), early diagnosis of this complication appears to be especially important. We present here an overview of literature data on prevalence, specific features of diagnostics, and problems related to selection of method of treatment of PA...
September 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289465/an-exploration-of-diabetic-foot-screening-procedures-data-by-a-multiple-correspondence-analysis
#12
Vilma Urbančič Rovan, Jože Rovan
AIMS: Gangrene and amputation are among most feared complications of diabetes mellitus. Early detection of patients at high risk for foot ulceration can prevent foot complications. Regular foot screening (medical history, foot examination and classification into risk groups) was introduced at the out-patient diabetes clinic in Ljubljana in November 1996. We aimed to explore the relationships between the observed variables, check the appropriateness of the risk status classification and of the post-screening decisions...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288623/assessment-of-hospital-length-of-stay-and-direct-costs-of-type-2-diabetes-in-hubei-province-china
#13
Dajie Chen, Shuai Liu, Xiaodong Tan, Qihan Zhao
BACKGROUND: The incidence of type 2 diabetes is increasing, creating a huge burden for China's social healthcare system. This study aimed to evaluate hospital length of stay (LOS) based on admission characteristics and direct costs correlated with various types of complications for type 2 diabetic inpatients in Hubei Province, China. METHODS: A total of 1528 inpatients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes discharged between April 1, 2013, and March 31, 2014, were included in this study...
March 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286285/minocycline-reduces-mechanical-allodynia-and-depressive-like-behaviour-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-rat
#14
Diana Amorim, Sónia Puga, Rui Bragança, António Braga, Antti Pertovaara, Armando Almeida, Filipa Pinto-Ribeiro
A common and devastating complication of diabetes mellitus is painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN) that can be accompanied by emotional disorders such as depression. A few studies have suggested that minocycline that inhibits microglia may attenuate pain hypersensitivity in PDN. Moreover, a recent study reported that minocycline has an acute antidepressive-like effect in diabetic animals. Here we studied whether (i) prolonged minocycline treatment suppresses pain behaviour in PDN, (ii) the minocycline effect varies with submodality of pain, and (iii) the suppression of pain behaviour by prolonged minocycline treatment is associated with antidepressive-like effect...
March 7, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285058/conversion-to-open-in-laparoscopic-appendectomy-a-cohort-analysis-of-risk-factors-and-outcomes
#15
Brendan M Finnerty, Xian Wu, Gregory P Giambrone, Licia K Gaber-Baylis, Ramin Zabih, Akshay Bhat, Rasa Zarnegar, Alfons Pomp, Peter Fleischut, Cheguevara Afaneh
BACKGROUND: Identifying risk factors for conversion from laparoscopic to open appendectomy could select patients who may benefit from primary open appendectomy. We aimed to develop a predictive scoring model for conversion from laparoscopic to open based on pre-operative patient characteristics. METHODS: A retrospective review of the State Inpatient Database (2007-2011) was performed using derivation (N = 71,617) and validation (N = 143,235) cohorts of adults ≥ 18 years with acute appendicitis treated by laparoscopic-only (LA), conversion from laparoscopic to open (CA), or primary open (OA) appendectomy...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284096/prevalence-of-graduated-compression-stocking-associated-pressure-injuries-in-surgical-intensive-care-units
#16
Deborah B Hobson, Tracy Y Chang, Jonathan K Aboagye, Brandyn D Lau, Hasan M Shihab, Betsy Fisher, Samantha Young, Nancy Sujeta, Dauryne L Shaffer, Victor O Popoola, Peggy S Kraus, Gina Knorr, Norma E Farrow, Michael B Streiff, Elliott R Haut
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of static graduated compression stocking (sGCS)-associated pressure injury among patients in surgical intensive care units (ICUs). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from wound care rounds between April 2011 and June 2012 at 3 surgical ICUs at an urban, tertiary care hospital. Patients with sGCS-associated pressure injury were identified and descriptive analysis was performed on their demographic, perioperative, and postoperative characteristics...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276619/hospital-admissions-by-the-oldest-old-past-trends-in-one-of-the-most-ageing-countries-in-the-world
#17
Daniela Brandão, Oscar Ribeiro, Alberto Freitas, Constança Paúl
AIM: To examine discharges of octogenarians, nonagenarians and centenarians from Portuguese public hospitals, namely admission type, principal diagnoses, comorbidities and length of stay. METHODS: The present study used administrative data from public acute care hospitals in the Portuguese National Health Service. All discharges of persons aged ≥80 years between 2000 and 2014 were analyzed. HCUP Clinical Classifications Software was considered to aggregate principal diagnosis, and comorbidities were assessed using the Charlson Comorbidity Index computed using International Classification of Diseases 9th Revision Clinical Modification codes...
March 9, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267964/incidence-predictors-and-outcomes-of-high-grade-atrioventricular-block-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-from-the-horizons-ami-trial
#18
Ioanna Kosmidou, Björn Redfors, Rushad Dordi, José M Dizon, Thomas McAndrew, Roxana Mehran, Ori Ben-Yehuda, Gary S Mintz, Gregg W Stone
High-grade atrioventricular block (HAVB) is historically considered a marker of worse outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, the predictors and prognostic impact of HAVB in the primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) era remain poorly understood. We sought to describe the characteristics and predictors of HAVB in patients undergoing primary PCI in STEMI and to assess the prognostic significance of HAVB in the contemporary reperfusion era. The present analysis includes 3,115 patients presenting with STEMI from the Harmonizing Outcomes with Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction trial who underwent primary PCI...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265341/diabetic-ketoacidosis-treatment-in-the-intensive-care-unit-or-general-medical-surgical-ward
#19
EDITORIAL
Yamely Mendez, Salim Surani, Joseph Varon
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is defined as an acute metabolic disorder, which is characterized by an increased presence of circulating ketones, and the development of ketoacidosis in the presence of hyperglycemia. This syndrome occurs as a result of insulin deficiency. Patients can be dramatically ill, however, with aggressive treatment, most patients recover rapidly. Despite being a low-risk condition, the development of acidosis, is one of the admission criteria to the intensive care unit (ICU) for these patients, in order to provide close monitoring, and recognize complications that could result from the use of aggressive therapy, such as continuous infusions if insulin...
February 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261283/biochemical-markers-of-type-2-diabetes-as-a-late-complication-of-myocardial-infarction-a-case-control-study
#20
Olga Barbarash, Olga Gruzdeva, Evgenya Uchasova, Ekaterina Belik, Yulia Dyleva, Victoria Karetnikova
INTRODUCTION: On average, 19-23% of patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus, which is newly diagnosed in a significant number of patients. Both classic carbohydrate metabolism and lipid metabolism may be promising diagnostic markers for insulin resistance in acute coronary syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred patients (130 males and 70 females aged 61.4 ±1.12 years) with ST-segment elevation MI were included in the study...
March 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
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