Read by QxMD icon Read

natural fractals

Rosendo Pérez-Isidoro, A D Reyes-Figueroa, J C Ruiz-Suárez
We sought to understand why saline drops produce intriguing patterns when drying in the presence of zwitterionic liposomes. Specifically, we would like to comprehend why the nature of such patterns is hierarchically driven by the Hofmeister series. The liposome suspension is made of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) with alkali metal chlorides. A complexity analysis of the patterns gives a fractal dimension around 1.71, which means that the drying process resembles a DLA mechanism. A physicochemical study, including the determination of zeta potential, molecular dynamics simulations, microrheology, and calorimetry, supports the fact that electrostatic interactions among head groups of phospholipids with alkali cations are the driven forces behind the assembling of the observed structures...
September 12, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
A M Samarakoon, M Takahashi, D Zhang, J Yang, N Katayama, R Sinclair, H D Zhou, S O Diallo, G Ehlers, D A Tennant, S Wakimoto, K Yamada, G-W Chern, T J Sato, S-H Lee
Glassiness is ubiquitous and diverse in characteristics in nature. Understanding their differences and classification remains a major scientific challenge. Here, we show that scaling of magnetic memories with time can be used to classify magnetic glassy materials into two distinct classes. The systems studied are high temperature superconductor-related materials, spin-orbit Mott insulators, frustrated magnets, and dilute magnetic alloys. Our bulk magnetization measurements reveal that most densely populated magnets exhibit similar memory behavior characterized by a relaxation exponent of [Formula: see text]...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
Soibam Shyamchand Singh, Dineshchandra Haobijam, Md Zubbair Malik, Romana Ishrat, R K Brojen Singh
We study brain network data of three species, namely, C. elegans, cat and macaque monkey within the framework of network theory and Potts Hamiltonian model, and explore rich fractal nature in it, which could be an important signature of self-organization, and a simple rule to be obeyed in complex patterns of brain networks. Further, this fractal behaviors in topological parameters of brain networks at various network levels could be an indicator of systems level organization in complicated brain functionality...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
Misha Ross, Georgia J Mason
Exposure to certain natural stimuli improves people's moods, reduces stress, enhances stress resilience, and promotes mental and physical health. Laboratory studies and real estate prices also reveal that humans prefer environments containing a broad range of natural stimuli. Potential mediators of these outcomes include: 1) therapeutic effects of specific natural products; 2) positive affective responses to stimuli that signalled safety and resources to our evolutionary ancestors; 3) attraction to environments that satisfy innate needs to explore and understand; and 4) ease of sensory processing, due to the stimuli's "evolutionary familiarity" and/or their fractal, self-repeating properties...
September 12, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Clara Llorens-Quintana, Maryam Mousavi, Dorota Szczesna-Iskander, D Robert Iskander
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of two types of daily contact lenses (delefilcon A and omafilcon A) on the tear film and establish whether it is dependent on pre-corneal tear film characteristics using a new method to analyse high-speed videokeratoscopy recordings, as well as to determine the sensitivity of the method in differentiating between contact lens materials on eye. METHODS: High-speed videokeratoscopy recordings were analysed using a custom made automated algorithm based on a fractal dimension approach that provides a set of parameters directly related to tear film stability...
August 29, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
Sergio Kogikoski, Soma Khanra, Wendel A Alves, Suchismita Guha
Enhancing Raman signatures of molecules by self-assembled metal nanoparticles, nanolithography patterning, or by designing plasmonic nanostructures is widely used for detection of low abundance biological systems. Self-assembled peptide nanostructures provide a natural template for tethering Au and Ag nanoparticles due to its fractal surface. Here, we show the use of L,L-diphenylalanine micro-nanostructures (FF-MNSs) for the organization of Ag and Au nanoparticles (Nps) and its potential as surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-active substrates...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Miki U Kobayashi, Yoshitaka Saiki
A chaotic motion can be considered an irregular transition process near unstable periodic orbits embedded densely in a chaotic set. Therefore, unstable periodic orbits have been used to characterize properties of chaos. Statistical quantities of chaos such as natural measures and fractal dimensions can be determined in terms of unstable periodic orbits. Unstable periodic orbits that can provide good approximations to averaged quantities of chaos or turbulence are also known to exist. However, it is not clear what type of unstable periodic orbits can capture them...
August 2017: Chaos
Shixiong Yi, Fangyin Dai, Cunyi Zhao, Yang Si
Enzyme-immobilized nanoparticles that are both catalysis effective and recyclable would have wide applications ranging from bioengineering and food industry to environmental fields; however, creating such materials has proven extremely challenging. Herein, we present a scalable methodology to create Candida rugosa lipase-immobilized magnetic nanoparticles (L-MNPs) by the combination of nonionic reverse micelle method and Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Our approach causes the naturally abundant and sustainable Candida rugose lipase to ordered-assemble into nanoparticles with high catalytic activity and durability...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
Rui Zhang, Shimin Liu, Yang Wang
Coalbed methane (CBM) and shale gas become two most important unconventional natural gas resources in US. The fractal dimension, known as the degree of self-similarity or irregularity, is an important parameter to quantitatively characterize gas storage capacity and gas transport properties in pores of rock matrix. In this study, two coal and two shale samples were evaluated to estimate fractal dimensions using combined small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), small angle neutron scattering (SANS) and low-pressure N2 adsorption techniques...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
Hana Koorehdavoudi, Paul Bogdan, Guopeng Wei, Radu Marculescu, Jiang Zhuang, Rika Wright Carlsen, Metin Sitti
To add to the current state of knowledge about bacterial swimming dynamics, in this paper, we study the fractal swimming dynamics of populations of Serratia marcescens bacteria both in vitro and in silico, while accounting for realistic conditions like volume exclusion, chemical interactions, obstacles and distribution of chemoattractant in the environment. While previous research has shown that bacterial motion is non-ergodic, we demonstrate that, besides the non-ergodicity, the bacterial swimming dynamics is multi-fractal in nature...
July 2017: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Małgorzata Franus, Grzegorz Jozefaciuk, Lidia Bandura, Krzysztof Lamorski, Mieczysław Hajnos, Wojciech Franus
An admixture of lightweight aggregate substrates (beidellitic clay containing 10 wt % of natural clinoptilolite or Na-P1 zeolite) with used motor oil (1 wt %-8 wt %) caused marked changes in the aggregates' microstructure, measured by a combination of mercury porosimetry (MIP), microtomography (MT), and scanning electron microscopy. Maximum porosity was produced at low (1%-2%) oil concentrations and it dropped at higher concentrations, opposite to the aggregates' bulk density. Average pore radii, measured by MIP, decreased with an increasing oil concentration, whereas larger (MT) pore sizes tended to increase...
October 18, 2016: Materials
Sergio Bianchi, Massimiliano Frezza
The last systemic financial crisis has reawakened the debate on the efficient nature of financial markets, traditionally described as semimartingales. The standard approaches to endow the general notion of efficiency of an empirical content turned out to be somewhat inconclusive and misleading. We propose a topological-based approach to quantify the informational efficiency of a financial time series. The idea is to measure the efficiency by means of the pointwise regularity of a (stochastic) function, given that the signature of a martingale is that its pointwise regularity equals 12...
July 2017: Chaos
Xiang Cai, Liguo Shen, Meijia Zhang, Jianrong Chen, Huachang Hong, Hongjun Lin
Quantitatively evaluating interaction energy between two randomly rough surfaces is the prerequisite to quantitatively understand and control membrane fouling in membrane bioreactors (MBRs). In this study, a new unified approach to construct rough topographies and to quantify interaction energy between a randomly rough particle and a randomly rough membrane was proposed. It was found that, natural rough topographies of both foulants and membrane could be well constructed by a modified two-variable Weierstrass-Mandelbrot (WM) function included in fractal theory...
November 2017: Bioresource Technology
Enej Ilievski, Jacopo De Nardis
Nonergodic dynamical systems display anomalous transport properties. Prominent examples are integrable quantum systems, whose exceptional properties are diverging dc conductivities. In this Letter, we explain the microscopic origin of ideal conductivity by resorting to the thermodynamic particle content of a system. Using group-theoretic arguments we rigorously resolve the long-standing controversy regarding the nature of spin and charge Drude weights in the absence of chemical potentials. In addition, by employing a hydrodynamic description, we devise an efficient computational method to calculate exact Drude weights from the stationary currents generated in an inhomogeneous quench from bipartitioned initial states...
July 14, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Jamie C Gorman, Terri A Dunbar, David Grimm, Christina L Gipson
By its very nature, much of teamwork is distributed across, and not stored within, interdependent people working toward a common goal. In this light, we advocate a systems perspective on teamwork that is based on general coordination principles that are not limited to cognitive, motor, and physiological levels of explanation within the individual. In this article, we present a framework for understanding and modeling teams as dynamical systems and review our empirical findings on teams as dynamical systems...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Jun Ding, Mark Asta, Robert O Ritchie
This work addresses the long-standing debate over fractal models of packing structure in metallic glasses (MGs). Through detailed fractal and percolation analyses of MG structures, derived from simulations spanning a range of compositions and quenching rates, we conclude that there is no fractal atomic-level structure associated with the packing of all atoms or solute-centered clusters. The results are in contradiction with conclusions derived from previous studies based on analyses of shifts in radial distribution function and structure factor peaks associated with volume changes induced by pressure and compositional variations...
August 8, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
T J Jones, J K Russell
Tephra deposits result from explosive volcanic eruption and serve as indirect probes into fragmentation processes operating in subsurface volcanic conduits. Primary magmatic fragmentation creates a population of pyroclasts through volatile-driven decompression during conduit ascent. In this study, we explore the role that secondary fragmentation, specifically attrition, has in transforming primary pyroclasts upon transport in volcanic conduits and plumes. We utilize total grain size distributions from a suite of natural and experimentally produced tephra to show that attrition is likely to occur in all explosive volcanic eruptions...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
Stefan Salentinig, Mark Schubert
Lignin is a natural, renewable biopolymer synthesized by plants. It is a macromolecule consisting of aromatic structures with high density of functional groups making it an ideal precursor for the design of sustainable biomaterials for applications such as drug delivery. The rational design of these materials requires an in-depth understanding of the underlying lignin self-assembly in solution. Colloidal transformations from nanosized lignin assemblies to submicron-sized spherical particles upon solvent exchange were studied using small-angle X-ray scattering, dynamic light scattering, and electron microscopy...
July 27, 2017: Biomacromolecules
Shuai Wu, Ming Ma
Contact angle is one of the most popular concept used in fields such as wetting, transport and microfludics. In practice, different contact angles such as equilibrium, receding and advancing contact angles are observed due to hysteresis. The connection among these contact angles is important in revealing the chemical and physical properties of surfaces related to wetting. Inspired by the fractal structure of contact line, we propose a single parameter model depicting the connection of the three angles. This parameter is decided by the fractal structure of the contact line...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Abhishek Mandal, Neera Singh, Lata Nain
Low cost agro-waste biosorbents namely eucalyptus bark (EB), corn cob (CC), bamboo chips (BC), rice straw (RS) and rice husk (RH) were characterized and used to study atrazine and imidacloprid sorption. Adsorption studies suggested that biosorbents greatly varied in their pesticide sorption behaviour. The EB was the best biosorbent to sorb both atrazine and imidacloprid with KF values of 169.9 and 85.71, respectively. The adsorption isotherm were nonlinear in nature with slope (1/n) values <1. The Freundlich constant Correlating atrazine/imidacloprid sorption parameter [KF...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"