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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095520/dental-implants-in-the-elderly-population-a-long-term-follow-up
#1
Sharon M Compton, Danielle Clark, Stephanie Chan, Iris Kuc, Berhanu A Wubie, Liran Levin
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to evaluate implant survival and success in the elderly population and to assess indicators and risk factors for success or failure of dental implants in older adults (aged 60 years and older). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This historical prospective study was developed from a cohort of patients born prior to 1950 who received dental implants in a single private dental office. Implant survival and marginal bone levels were recorded and analyzed with regard to different patient- and implant-related factors...
January 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050500/influence-of-hypertension-on-ph-of-saliva-and-flow-rate-in-elder-adults-correlating-with-oral-health-status
#2
Vijayalaxmi Nimma, Harshavardhan Talla, Manasa Poosa, Madhulatha Gopaladas, Deepika Meesala, L Jayanth
INTRODUCTION: One of the most prevalent systemic conditions seen in the elderly individuals is hypertension, but very sparse knowledge regarding the influence of hypertension on oral health in known. AIM: Therefore, this study was carried out to evaluate the relationship between hypertension and salivary pH, flow rate and its effect on oral health status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 40 elderly individuals above 60 years of age, of which 20 individuals (control group) were normotensive without using any medication and 20 individuals (study group) were hypertensive using anti-hypertensive medication...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034327/part-2-oral-health-care-for-the-housebound-patient
#3
Diana Critchlow
Oral disease can have a significant impact on the health and wellbeing of the housebound patient. The aetiology of oral conditions such as dental caries and periodontal disease have been well investigated and there is a solid evidence base in how to best prevent their progress. The Department of Health document Delivering better oral health: an evidence-based toolkit for prevention is a valuable resource that outlines the current best preventative evidence in the form of practical advice for clinicians and patients...
January 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024093/oral-hygiene-in-the-elderly-with-different-degrees-of-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#4
José Antonio Gil-Montoya, Inés Sánchez-Lara, Cristobal Carnero-Pardo, Francisco Fornieles-Rubio, Juan Montes, Rocío Barrios, Miguel Angel Gonzalez-Moles, Manuel Bravo
The control of bacterial dental plaque through daily oral hygiene is essential to prevent oral diseases such as caries or periodontal disease, especially in at-risk populations, including the elderly with mild cognitive impairment and dementia. The aim of this study was to determine the association between different levels of cognitive impairment and dementia in an elderly population and their capacity to maintain adequate oral hygiene. A case-control study (elderly with versus without mild cognitive impairment or dementia) was performed in Granada, Spain...
December 26, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990688/effect-of-12-month-weekly-professional-oral-hygiene-care-on-the-composition-of-the-oral-flora-in-dentate-dependent-elderly-residents-a-prospective-study
#5
Maude Wikström, Kawa L Kareem, Annica Almståhl, Erika Palmgren, Peter Lingström, Inger Wårdh
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of weekly professional oral hygiene care on the proportion of micro-organisms associated with good oral health, caries, and periodontal and soft tissue diseases in oral biofilms in dentate, dependent elderly residents. BACKGROUND: Assisted oral hygiene care reduces the plaque score and number of micro-organisms in the oral biofilms in elderly residents. Less is known about the effect on the quality/composition of the remaining oral flora...
December 18, 2016: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942206/carers-education-improves-oral-health-of-older-people-suffering-from-dementia-results-of-an-intervention-study
#6
Andreas Zenthöfer, Inga Meyer-Kühling, Anna-Luisa Hufeland, Johannes Schröder, Tomas Cabrera, Dominik Baumgart, Peter Rammelsberg, Alexander J Hassel
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of carers' education on improvements in oral health and denture hygiene of care-dependent and cognitively impaired older people in nursing homes compared to those without intervention. METHODS: A total of 219 seniors living in 14 nursing homes in southwest Germany (intervention: n=144; control: n=75) were enrolled in this study. For each participant, Plaque Control Record (PCR), Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI), Denture Hygiene Index (DHI) and Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN) were assessed at baseline and six months following the interventions...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849279/oral-health-status-and-functional-capacity-in-the-elderly-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#7
Yan Nogueira Freitas, Kenio Costa Lima, Diviane Alves da Silva
Introduction: The study of oral health conditions and functional dependency in elderly people represents an important step toward the comprehension of the intervenient factors in the health care of this population. Purpose: This methodological note described strategies and methods adopted in a longitudinal study which has been analyzing the association of oral health conditions with functional dependence among the elderly population in a city located in the countryside of Northeastern Brazil...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825838/the-relationship-between-oral-health-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-elderly-people-in-united-kingdom
#8
Mohd Masood, Tim Newton, Noor Nazahiah Bakri, Taimur Khalid, Yaghma Masood
OBJECTIVES: To identify the determinants of OHRQoL among older people in the United Kingdom. METHODS: A subset of elderly (≥65year) participants from the UK Adult Dental Health Survey 2009 data was used. OHRQoL was assessed by means of the OHIP-14 additive score. The number of missing teeth; presence of active caries, dental pain, root caries, tooth wear, periodontal pockets>4mm, loss of attachment>9mm; having PUFA>0 (presence of severely decayed teeth with visible pulpal involvement, ulceration caused by dislocated tooth fragments, fistula and abscess); and wearing a denture were used as predictor variables...
January 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793706/relationship-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-objective-masticatory-performance-in-a-japanese-general-population-the-suita-study
#9
Miki Kikui, Takahiro Ono, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Momoyo Kida, Takayuki Kosaka, Masaaki Yamamoto, Takashi Nokubi, Makoto Watanabe, Yoshinobu Maeda, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
OBJECTIVES: An association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and periodontal status has recently been focused on. However, no study has investigated the relationship between the prevalence of MetS and the decline of masticatory performance. We aimed to clarify the relationship between MetS and objective masticatory performance using the standardized test food in a general urban Japanese population. METHODS: We studied 1780 Japanese men and women (mean age, 66.5 years) using the Suita study...
January 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780615/association-between-periodontal-disease-and-dementia-a-literature-review
#10
P Pazos, Y Leira, C Domínguez, J M Pías-Peleteiro, J Blanco, J M Aldrey
INTRODUCTION: Periodontal disease and dementia are very prevalent, especially in elderly populations. Multiple studies have shown a link between these diseases; however, the conditions are highly heterogeneous and so is the diagnostic methodology, which may hinder interpretation and comparison of the results. The aim of this article is to provide a critical review of the literature linking these 2 processes. DEVELOPMENT: We retrieved 22 studies, most of which were retrospective, and analysed various methodological variables including study population, diagnosis of periodontitis, definition of dementia, adjusted variables, and results...
October 22, 2016: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761632/comparative-risk-of-chronic-kidney-diseases-in-patients-with-urolithiasis-and-urological-interventions-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#11
Shih-Yi Lin, Cheng-Li Lin, Chao-Hsiang Chang, His-Chin Wu, Wen-Chi Chen, I-Kuan Wang, Yao Lung Liu, Fung-Chang Sung, Yen-Jung Chang, Chia-Hung Kao
Large cohort studies on whether any association existed between urological interventions for urolithiasis and the development of CKD are lacking. From claims data of the National Health Insurance (NHI) program of Taiwan, we identified 54,433 patients newly diagnosed with urolithiasis during 1998-2010. For each case, four individuals without urolithiasis were randomly selected and frequency matched by age, sex, and diagnosis year. Both groups were followed up until the end of 2010. Incident CKD events were identified by the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) code in the NHI registration database...
October 19, 2016: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745546/improved-drug-delivery-systems-for-preventing-dental-caries
#12
Marianne Hiorth
Dental caries: Dental caries and periodontitis were for many decades considered the most important global oral health burden. During the last 40 years when more focus was put on the prevention of dental caries by using products with fluoride, the problem decreased. However, our new lifestyle with more sugar has given rise to concern, and in US the amount of children being diagnosed with dental caries has increased [1]. In addition the increasing amount of elderly in the population using many different types of medicines giving dry mouth has a negative impact of the status of their teeth [2]...
October 13, 2016: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731485/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-elderly-population-receiving-health-care-at-the-public-hospital-network-in-medell%C3%A3-n-colombia-and-its-related-factors
#13
Edwin J Meneses-Gómez, Adriana Posada-López, Andrés A Agudelo-Suarez
Metrosalud is the largest public hospital network in the city of Medellin and one of the most important in Colombia providing health care to the most vulnerable population. The objective of the study was to determine the Oral HealthRelated Quality of Life (OHRQoL) and its related factors in the elderly population receiving health care at the public hospital network in Medellin (Colombia). A crosssectional design was used. Men and women ≥ 65 years old were considered for this research, selected from first consultation records by the institution's statistical unit for 2011, who accepted to participate after being contacted by telephone...
September 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629852/relation-between-periodontal-status-and-pre-cancerous-condition-oral-lichen-planus-a-pilot-study
#14
Narendra Parkash Rai, Prafful Kumar, Shabil M Mustafa, Darshan D Divakar, Abdulaziz Al Kheraif, Ravikumar Ramakrishnaiah, Sajith Vellapally, M H N Dalati, Narashimha Reddy Parine, Sukumaran Anil
BACKGROUND: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a common chronic mucocutaneous disease mostly seen in middle aged and elderly females. Oral lichen planus can occur in different oral sites such as gingiva, labial, buccal mucosa and on the tongue. And can have an indirect effect on initiating periodontitis. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the periodontal status of OLP patients and compare it with that of healthy controls. The presence of erosive lesions among gingival tissues makes oral hygiene procedures difficult to perform for obvious reasons...
July 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605719/is-there-a-relationship-between-periodontal-conditions-and-number-of-medications-among-the-elderly
#15
Zuhair S Natto, Majdi Aladmawy, Heba K Alshaeri, Mohammed Alasqah, Athena Papas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible correlations of clinical attachment level and pocket depth with number of medications in elderly individuals. METHODS: Intra-oral examinations for 139 patients visiting Tufts dental clinic were done. Periodontal assessments were performed with a manual UNC-15 periodontal probe to measure probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) at 6 sites. Complete lists of patients' medications were obtained during the examinations...
March 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542376/impact-of-aging-on-trem-1-responses-in-the-periodontium-a-cross-sectional-study-in-an-elderly-population
#16
Veli Özgen Öztürk, Georgios N Belibasakis, Gülnur Emingil, Nagihan Bostanci
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with altered immune response, which increases susceptibility to infections. sTREM-1 is involved in the amplification of the inflammatory response to bacterial infection. The present cross-sectional study aims to investigate local sTREM-1 levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) as well as key periodontal pathogen levels in the subgingival plaque in an elderly cohort with periodontal health, gingivitis, and chronic periodontitis (CP). METHODS: Subjects were 51 systemically healthy, elderly individuals (mean age, 68 ± 4...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501498/oral-inflammation-and-infection-and-chronic-medical-diseases-implications-for-the-elderly
#17
REVIEW
Frank A Scannapieco, Albert Cantos
Oral diseases, such as caries and periodontitis, not only have local effects on the dentition and on tooth-supporting tissues but also may impact a number of systemic conditions. Emerging evidence suggests that poor oral health influences the initiation and/or progression of diseases such as atherosclerosis (with sequelae including myocardial infarction and stoke), diabetes mellitus and neurodegenerative diseases (such as Alzheimer's disease, rheumatoid arthritis and others). Aspiration of oropharyngeal (including periodontal) bacteria causes pneumonia, especially in hospitalized patients and the elderly, and may influence the course of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
October 2016: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501488/the-aging-population-demographics-and-the-biology-of-aging
#18
REVIEW
Eleni Kanasi, Srinivas Ayilavarapu, Judith Jones
Epidemiologic studies show that 11% of the world's population is over 60 years of age; this is projected to increase, by 2050, to 22% of the population. Oral aging is a current focus of several organizations including the Federation Dentaire Internationale, the World Health Organization and the American and Japanese Dental Associations. In their Tokyo Declaration, the Japanese Association identified the elderly population as one of its main target groups. One of the WHO goals is for each person to retain more than 20 teeth by age 80, despite the fact that the prevalence of periodontal disease is continuously rising as the population is aging...
October 2016: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476817/prevalence-of-halitosis-in-elderly-living-in-nursing-homes
#19
M Zellmer, L Gahnberg, P Ramberg
OBJECTIVES: Halitosis is a concern for many people, but has sparsely been studied in elderly living in nursing homes. The aim of this investigation was to study the prevalence of halitosis in this particular group and factors that could be associated with this condition. METHOD AND MATERIALS: One hundred and twenty-four residents at three different nursing homes were included in the study. The level of halitosis was assessed using an organoleptic method based on a 6-graded scale...
November 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418418/chronic-periodontitis-is-associated-with-lacunar-infarct-a-case-control-study
#20
Y Leira, I López-Dequidt, S Arias, M Rodríguez-Yáñez, R Leira, T Sobrino, F Campos, M Blanco, J Blanco, J Castillo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chronic periodontitis (ChP) and lacunar infarct (LI) are two common diseases amongst the elderly. Although several studies have shown an association between ischaemic stroke and ChP, little is known about the relationship between ChP and LI. The study aims to investigate whether ChP is associated with the presence of lacunar stroke. METHODS: An age- and gender-matched case-control study of 62 cases (subjects diagnosed with LI) and 60 controls is reported...
October 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
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