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periodontitis elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682267/an-unusual-deceptive-delayed-of-profuse-haemorrhage-after-mandibular-implant-dentistry-risk-planning-and-medico-legal-instruction
#1
R M Gaudio, E El Haddad, G El Haddad, D Lauritano, F Carinci
Mandibular implant placement (MIP) has been accepted and widely used for decades all over the world, and has reached a very high level of therapeutic reliability. MIP is used mostly in elderly edentulous patients who lost their teeth when dentistry was not oriented to fixed or removable prosthetic. Notwithstanding this, every year cases of severe complications during MIP due to haemorrhage causing life-threatening airway's obstruction are reported. These severe complications of MIP need immediate therapy, usually with hospitalization, and may be potentially fatal...
October 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678964/technology-enabled-examinations-of-cardiac-rhythm-optic-nerve-oral-health-tympanic-membrane-gait-and-coordination-evaluated-jointly-with-routine-health-screenings-an-observational-study-at-the-2015-kumbh-mela-in-india
#2
Pratik Shah, Gregory Yauney, Otkrist Gupta, Vincent Patalano Ii, Mrinal Mohit, Rikin Merchant, S V Subramanian
OBJECTIVES: Technology-enabled non-invasive diagnostic screening (TES) using smartphones and other point-of-care medical devices was evaluated in conjunction with conventional routine health screenings for the primary care screening of patients. DESIGN: Dental conditions, cardiac ECG arrhythmias, tympanic membrane disorders, blood oxygenation levels, optic nerve disorders and neurological fitness were evaluated using FDA-approved advanced smartphone powered technologies...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652898/tooth-loss-and-pneumonia-mortality-a-cohort-study-of-japanese-dentists
#3
Shino Suma, Mariko Naito, Kenji Wakai, Toru Naito, Masaaki Kojima, Osami Umemura, Makoto Yokota, Nobuhiro Hanada, Takashi Kawamura
Although associations between oral health and pneumonia have been reported in previous studies, particularly in the institutionalized elderly, few prospective studies have investigated the association between oral condition and pneumonia among community-dwelling people and whether the findings among inpatients or patients in nursing homes are applicable to the general population is still unclear. The oral bacteria propagated in the periodontal regions may drop into the lung and increase the risk of pneumonia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649103/the-anti-periodontitis-effects-of-ethanol-extract-prepared-using-lactobacillus-paracasei-subsp-paracasei-ntu-101
#4
Te-Hua Liu, Tsung-Yu Tsai, Tzu-Ming Pan
Poor oral health and related diseases, including caries, periodontal disease, and oral cancer, are highly prevalent across the world, particularly in the elderly. This study aimed to investigate the anti-periodontitis activity of fermented skim milk produced using the promising probiotic Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei NTU 101 (NTU101FM). An initial analysis found that an ethanol extract of NTU101FM displayed anti-oxidative activities. Further investigation of pathogen growth inhibition zones, minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs), and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) revealed that the NTU101FM ethanol extract also had anti-periodontal pathogen activities...
April 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608804/relationship-between-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphism-and-susceptibility-to-chronic-kidney-disease-and-periodontal-disease-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#5
A Yoshihara, N Kaneko, M Iwasaki, K Nohno, H Miyazaki
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the possible correlation between vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphism and susceptibility to chronic kidney disease (CKD) and periodontal disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study analyzed 345 participants, who were all 79 years of age. Kidney function levels were determined based on the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (non-reduced function: ≥60, and reduced function: <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 )...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577378/relationship-between-alcohol-consumption-and-periodontal-tissue-condition-in-community-dwelling-elderly-japanese
#6
Kana Suwama, Akihiro Yoshihara, Reiko Watanabe, Roxana Stegaroiu, Satoko Shibata, Hideo Miyazaki
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations among alcohol consumption level, dietary intake and other lifestyle factors, and periodontal condition, in community-dwelling elderly Japanese of a specific age. BACKGROUND: The relationship between alcohol consumption level and periodontitis is a controversial issue. METHODS: Participants were 438 dentate elders aged 73 years from a larger cohort survey of elders in Niigata City, Japan. Data collected from oral examination of each participant, including number of the existing teeth, mean probing pocket depth and mean clinical attachment level (CAL) were used for the analyses...
March 25, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541167/effect-of-painless-sta-on-tooth-extraction-of-elderly-patients-with-periodontal-diseases
#7
Li Feng, Haiming Wang, Ming Lin
This study compared the effects of tooth extractions under novel painless single tooth anesthesia (STA) and conventional anesthesia on elderly patients with periodontal diseases, and the impact of painless STA on clinical indicators of the patients. Elderly patients (n=116) with periodontal diseases who were treated in Jinan Central Hospital were selected to undergo extraction operation on loose teeth; all the patients were randomly divided into two groups. The tooth extraction operations were performed after painless STA and cartridge anesthesia; the effects of the tooth extraction operations and the operation time were recorded; Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Kuttner facial expression scale, Frankl treatment compliance scale and Houpt behavior rating scale were utilized to assess and record the clinical indicators of the patients during the operations; the impacts of the two anesthesia techniques on the effect of the tooth extraction of patients with periodontal diseases were comprehensively analyzed...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538390/salivary-microbial-profiles-in-relation-to-age-periodontal-and-systemic-diseases
#8
Ronaldo Lira-Junior, Sigvard Åkerman, Björn Klinge, Elisabeth A Boström, Anders Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Analysis of saliva is emerging as a promising tool to diagnose and monitor diseases which makes determination of the salivary microbial profile in different scenarios essential. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of age, periodontal disease, sex, smoking, and medical conditions on the salivary microbial profile. DESIGN: A randomly selected sample of 441 individuals was enrolled (51% women; mean age 48.5±16.8). Participants answered a health questionnaire and underwent an oral examination...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450736/health-and-quality-of-life-differ-between-community-living-older-people-with-and-without-remaining-teeth-who-recently-received-formal-home-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
A R Hoeksema, L L Peters, G M Raghoebar, H J A Meijer, A Vissink, A Visser
OBJECTIVE: To assess oral health, health, and quality of life (QoL) of care-dependent community-living older people with and without remaining teeth who recently received formal home care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this cross-sectional observational study, community-living older people (≥ 65 years), who recently (< 6 months) received formal home care, were interviewed with validated questionnaires and underwent an oral examination. Oral health, general health, medicines usage, frailty (Groningen Frailty Indicator), cognition (Minimal Mental State Examination), QoL (RAND 36), and oral health-related QoL (Oral Health Impact Profile-14) were assessed...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446092/association-of-salivary-lactate-dehydrogenase-level-with-systemic-inflammation-in-a-japanese-population
#10
N Miyoshi, T Tanigawa, S Nishioka, K Maruyama, E Eguchi, K Tanaka, I Saito, K Yamazaki, Y Miyake
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Salivary lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was reported to be a useful parameter for the screening of periodontal disease. We performed a cross-sectional study to verify the usefulness of salivary LDH as a biomarker of periodontitis and to investigate the association of severity of periodontitis with systemic inflammation by measuring salivary LDH and serum high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels in a community-based middle-aged and elderly population in Japan...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380853/oral-health-indicators-for-risk-of-malnutrition-in-elders
#11
L L Wu, K Y Cheung, P Y P Lam, X L Gao
OBJECTIVES: Using both clinical parameters and subjective measures of oral health, this study aimed to identify useful oral health indicators for the risk of malnutrition in elders. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Five community centers run by non-government organizations (NGOs). PARTICIPANTS: 195 community dwelling elders (65 or above). MEASUREMENTS: An interviewer-administered questionnaire was completed to collect information on elders' socio-demographic background and oral health perception and practice...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335684/association-between-self-perceived-oral-health-and-clinical-indicators
#12
Janet-Ofelia Guevara-Canales, Rafael Morales-Vadillo, Sonia-Julia Sacsaquispe-Contreras, Dora-Erika Alberca-Ramos, Hans Morgenstern-Orezzoli, Carlos-Enrique Cava-Vergiú
PURPOSE: To determine whether self-perceived oral health impact and satisfaction measure oral health in the same way as do clinical indicators in adults and older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The population consisted of adult patients aged 20 to 59 years receiving care at "Juan Pablo II" Health Care Centre and older adult patients aged 60 or more years from the home for the elderly "Virgen del Amor Hermoso", Lima, Peru. The indices Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) and Oral Satisfaction Scale of 0-10 (OSS 0-10) were used to evaluate perceived impact of and satisfaction with oral health...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317062/could-the-screening-for-correct-oral-health-reduce-the-impact-of-death-due-to-bolus-asphyxia-in-adult-patients-a-forensic-case-report
#13
Isabella Aquila, Santo Gratteri, Matteo A Sacco, Emilio Nuzzolese, Vittorio Fineschi, Paola Frati, Pietrantonio Ricci
INTRODUCTION: "Bolus death" or "Café Coronary syndrome" refers to death due to asphyxia caused by an occlusion of the upper airways due to food. In this kind of asphyxia, the food bolus obstructs the larynx or the bronchial branches. This kind of event often affects subjects with acute intoxication due to alcohol or drugs, or with edentulism and with neurological or psychiatric diseases. CASE REPORT: An elderly woman, suffering from schizophrenia, was found dead in her house due to food bolus asphyxia...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197435/gap-analysis-of-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-receiving-nonsurgical-periodontal-therapy
#14
REVIEW
Enihomo Obadan-Udoh, Samantha Jordan, Olubukola Mudah, Wenche Borgnakke, Mary Tavares
OBJECTIVE: Twenty percent of the elderly US population is diagnosed with diabetes. The elderly are at a higher risk of developing serious complications from diabetes. Regular professional dental care may help control blood glucose levels and thereby diabetes complications. Since such potential benefits could play a clinically significant role in diabetes management, our aim was to identify and review relevant evidence among the older population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for periodontal intervention studies using modified search terms from previous systematic reviews...
December 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190775/transcriptome-profiling-analysis-of-senescent-gingival-fibroblasts-in-response-to-fusobacterium-nucleatum-infection
#15
Sun-Hee Ahn, Seongmin Chun, Chungoo Park, Jong-Hee Lee, Seok-Woo Lee, Tae-Hoon Lee
Periodontal disease is caused by dental plaque biofilms. Fusobacterium nucleatum is an important periodontal pathogen involved in the development of bacterial complexity in dental plaque biofilms. Human gingival fibroblasts (GFs) act as the first line of defense against oral microorganisms and locally orchestrate immune responses by triggering the production of reactive oxygen species and pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and IL-8). The frequency and severity of periodontal diseases is known to increase in elderly subjects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183308/frequency-of-visits-and-examinations-in-the-public-dental-service-in-finland-a-retrospective-analysis-2001-2013
#16
Jari Linden, Kim Josefsson, Eeva Widström
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate longitudinally examination and visiting patterns in the Finnish Public Dental Service (PDS) and to relate these to patients' treatment needs and international recommendations on examination intervals. METHODS: Data on patients and their dental visits in the period 2001-2013 were collected from five municipal PDS-units serving a total population of 320,000 inhabitants and using the same database system. Ethical approval was given by the National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) and permissions to use local data by the directors of health services in each unit...
November 28, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065395/life-threatening-atypical-case-of-acute-generalized-exanthematous-pustulosis
#17
Azadeh Tajmir-Riahi, Petra Wörl, Thomas Harrer, Stefan Schliep, Gerold Schuler, Miklos Simon
Antibiotics are known to cause severe cutaneous adverse reactions, such as the rare acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP). Unlike Stevens-Johnson syndrome or toxic epidermal necrolysis, AGEP is rarely life-threatening. Systemic involvement is not typical, and if present usually coincides with a mild elevation of the hepatic enzymes and a decrease in renal function. Hence, AGEP is known to have a good prognosis and to be life-threatening only in elderly patients or patients with chronic diseases...
2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047351/lifestyle-factors-are-significantly-associated-with-the-locomotive-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Manabu Akahane, Shingo Yoshihara, Akie Maeyashiki, Yasuhito Tanaka, Tomoaki Imamura
BACKGROUND: The Japanese Orthopedic Association first proposed the concept of "locomotive syndrome" in 2007. It refers to circumstances in which elderly people need nursing care services or are at high risk of requiring such services within a short time. Recently, the public health burden of providing nursing care for elderly individuals has increased. Therefore, locomotive syndrome, and the means of preventing it, are a major public health focus in Japan. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships of lifestyle factors, such as smoking, alcohol consumption, sleep duration, and dental health, with locomotive syndrome...
October 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023744/the-relationship-of-oral-health-with-general-health-and-ncds-a-brief-review
#19
Christof Dörfer, Christoph Benz, Jun Aida, Guillaume Campard
Oral health is closely related to systemic health. Periodontitis, a chronic inflammatory disease which is highly prevalent worldwide, interacts with a variety of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). It is a risk factor in the complex pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease and plays a role in the development of endocarditis and recurrent pneumonia in elderly people. However, the available data may be interpreted in different ways, and more and better-designed studies are still needed to answer relevant questions about the causal role of periodontitis in NCDs...
September 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023740/surveillance-and-monitoring-of-oral-health-in-elderly-people
#20
Hideo Miyazaki, Judith A Jones, Eugenio D Beltrán-Aguilar
Continued ageing of the global population is expected to pose significant challenges to maintaining optimum lifelong health in individuals and populations. Oral health is an essential element of general health and quality of life throughout an individual's life course, yet it is often neglected in integrated approaches to general health promotion. Surveillance and monitoring systems are essential for developing oral health policy and strategy at both national and community levels. As major oral diseases, dental caries and periodontal diseases are core indicators for surveillance at every stage of life...
September 2017: International Dental Journal
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