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periodontitis elderly

Yan Nogueira Freitas, Kenio Costa Lima, Diviane Alves da Silva
Introduction: The study of oral health conditions and functional dependency in elderly people represents an important step toward the comprehension of the intervenient factors in the health care of this population. Purpose: This methodological note described strategies and methods adopted in a longitudinal study which has been analyzing the association of oral health conditions with functional dependence among the elderly population in a city located in the countryside of Northeastern Brazil...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
Mohd Masood, Tim Newton, Noor Nazahiah Bakri, Taimur Khalid, Yaghma Masood
OBJECTIVES: To identify the determinants of OHRQoL among older people in the United Kingdom. METHODS: A subset of elderly (≥65year) participants from the UK Adult Dental Health Survey 2009 data was used. OHRQoL was assessed by means of the OHIP-14 additive score. The number of missing teeth; presence of active caries, dental pain, root caries, tooth wear, periodontal pockets>4mm, loss of attachment>9mm; having PUFA>0 (presence of severely decayed teeth with visible pulpal involvement, ulceration caused by dislocated tooth fragments, fistula and abscess); and wearing a denture were used as predictor variables...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Miki Kikui, Takahiro Ono, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Momoyo Kida, Takayuki Kosaka, Masaaki Yamamoto, Takashi Nokubi, Makoto Watanabe, Yoshinobu Maeda, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
OBJECTIVES: An association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and periodontal status has recently been focused on. However, no study has investigated the relationship between the prevalence of MetS and the decline of masticatory performance. We aimed to clarify the relationship between MetS and objective masticatory performance using the standardized test food in a general urban Japanese population. METHODS: We studied 1,780 Japanese men and women (mean age, 66.5 years) using the Suita study...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
P Pazos, Y Leira, C Domínguez, J M Pías-Peleteiro, J Blanco, J M Aldrey
INTRODUCTION: Periodontal disease and dementia are very prevalent, especially in elderly populations. Multiple studies have shown a link between these diseases; however, the conditions are highly heterogeneous and so is the diagnostic methodology, which may hinder interpretation and comparison of the results. The aim of this article is to provide a critical review of the literature linking these 2 processes. DEVELOPMENT: We retrieved 22 studies, most of which were retrospective, and analysed various methodological variables including study population, diagnosis of periodontitis, definition of dementia, adjusted variables, and results...
October 22, 2016: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
Shih-Yi Lin, Cheng-Li Lin, Chao-Hsiang Chang, His-Chin Wu, Wen-Chi Chen, I-Kuan Wang, Yao Lung Liu, Fung-Chang Sung, Yen-Jung Chang, Chia-Hung Kao
Large cohort studies on whether any association existed between urological interventions for urolithiasis and the development of CKD are lacking. From claims data of the National Health Insurance (NHI) program of Taiwan, we identified 54,433 patients newly diagnosed with urolithiasis during 1998-2010. For each case, four individuals without urolithiasis were randomly selected and frequency matched by age, sex, and diagnosis year. Both groups were followed up until the end of 2010. Incident CKD events were identified by the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) code in the NHI registration database...
October 19, 2016: Urolithiasis
Marianne Hiorth
Dental caries: Dental caries and periodontitis were for many decades considered the most important global oral health burden. During the last 40 years when more focus was put on the prevention of dental caries by using products with fluoride, the problem decreased. However, our new lifestyle with more sugar has given rise to concern, and in US the amount of children being diagnosed with dental caries has increased [1]. In addition the increasing amount of elderly in the population using many different types of medicines giving dry mouth has a negative impact of the status of their teeth [2]...
October 13, 2016: Current Drug Delivery
Edwin J Meneses-Gómez, Adriana Posada-López, Andrés A Agudelo-Suarez
Metrosalud is the largest public hospital network in the city of Medellin and one of the most important in Colombia providing health care to the most vulnerable population. The objective of the study was to determine the Oral HealthRelated Quality of Life (OHRQoL) and its related factors in the elderly population receiving health care at the public hospital network in Medellin (Colombia). A crosssectional design was used. Men and women ≥ 65 years old were considered for this research, selected from first consultation records by the institution's statistical unit for 2011, who accepted to participate after being contacted by telephone...
September 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Narendra Parkash Rai, Prafful Kumar, Shabil M Mustafa, Darshan D Divakar, Abdulaziz Al Kheraif, Ravikumar Ramakrishnaiah, Sajith Vellapally, M H N Dalati, Narashimha Reddy Parine, Sukumaran Anil
BACKGROUND: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a common chronic mucocutaneous disease mostly seen in middle aged and elderly females. Oral lichen planus can occur in different oral sites such as gingiva, labial, buccal mucosa and on the tongue. And can have an indirect effect on initiating periodontitis. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the periodontal status of OLP patients and compare it with that of healthy controls. The presence of erosive lesions among gingival tissues makes oral hygiene procedures difficult to perform for obvious reasons...
July 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Zuhair S Natto, Majdi Aladmawy, Heba K Alshaeri, Mohammed Alasqah, Athena Papas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible correlations of clinical attachment level and pocket depth with number of medications in elderly individuals. METHODS: Intra-oral examinations for 139 patients visiting Tufts dental clinic were done. Periodontal assessments were performed with a manual UNC-15 periodontal probe to measure probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) at 6 sites. Complete lists of patients' medications were obtained during the examinations...
March 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
Veli Özgen Öztürk, Georgios N Belibasakis, Gülnur Emingil, Nagihan Bostanci
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with altered immune response, which increases susceptibility to infections. sTREM-1 is involved in the amplification of the inflammatory response to bacterial infection. The present cross-sectional study aims to investigate local sTREM-1 levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) as well as key periodontal pathogen levels in the subgingival plaque in an elderly cohort with periodontal health, gingivitis, and chronic periodontitis (CP). METHODS: Subjects were 51 systemically healthy, elderly individuals (mean age, 68 ± 4...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Frank A Scannapieco, Albert Cantos
Oral diseases, such as caries and periodontitis, not only have local effects on the dentition and on tooth-supporting tissues but also may impact a number of systemic conditions. Emerging evidence suggests that poor oral health influences the initiation and/or progression of diseases such as atherosclerosis (with sequelae including myocardial infarction and stoke), diabetes mellitus and neurodegenerative diseases (such as Alzheimer's disease, rheumatoid arthritis and others). Aspiration of oropharyngeal (including periodontal) bacteria causes pneumonia, especially in hospitalized patients and the elderly, and may influence the course of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
October 2016: Periodontology 2000
Eleni Kanasi, Srinivas Ayilavarapu, Judith Jones
Epidemiologic studies show that 11% of the world's population is over 60 years of age; this is projected to increase, by 2050, to 22% of the population. Oral aging is a current focus of several organizations including the Federation Dentaire Internationale, the World Health Organization and the American and Japanese Dental Associations. In their Tokyo Declaration, the Japanese Association identified the elderly population as one of its main target groups. One of the WHO goals is for each person to retain more than 20 teeth by age 80, despite the fact that the prevalence of periodontal disease is continuously rising as the population is aging...
October 2016: Periodontology 2000
M Zellmer, L Gahnberg, P Ramberg
OBJECTIVES: Halitosis is a concern for many people, but has sparsely been studied in elderly living in nursing homes. The aim of this investigation was to study the prevalence of halitosis in this particular group and factors that could be associated with this condition. METHOD AND MATERIALS: One hundred and twenty-four residents at three different nursing homes were included in the study. The level of halitosis was assessed using an organoleptic method based on a 6-graded scale...
August 1, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Y Leira, I López-Dequidt, S Arias, M Rodríguez-Yáñez, R Leira, T Sobrino, F Campos, M Blanco, J Blanco, J Castillo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chronic periodontitis (ChP) and lacunar infarct (LI) are two common diseases amongst the elderly. Although several studies have shown an association between ischaemic stroke and ChP, little is known about the relationship between ChP and LI. The study aims to investigate whether ChP is associated with the presence of lacunar stroke. METHODS: An age- and gender-matched case-control study of 62 cases (subjects diagnosed with LI) and 60 controls is reported...
October 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Soraya León, Rodrigo A Giacaman
Chile is experiencing one of the fastest aging processes in Latin America. The implications derived from this phenomenon involve many aspects of the society, especially health care. In particular, insufficient oral health coverage in the country limits oral care provision for a population with a high prevalence and severity of oral diseases. These conditions include dental caries, periodontal disease, tooth loss, defective prostheses, oral mucosa lesions and xerostomia, among others, and strongly affect quality of life of the elderly population...
April 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
W Gao, X Wang, X Wang, Y Cai, Q Luan
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive impairment is a common neurological problem in elderly people. In this study, we investigated whether tooth loss, periodontal parameters, and gene variations in the mitochondrial DNA displacement loop region are potential influencing factors on cognitive function. DESIGN: We employed a linear regression model to estimate cross-sectional association between number of teeth lost, periodontal parameters and Mini-mental State Examination score, adjusting for demographic factors, socioeconomic factors, general health status, smoking, drinking, and life habits...
October 2016: Oral Diseases
Chaiane Emilia Dalazen, Alessandro Diogo De Carli, Rafael Aiello Bomfim, Mara Lisiane Moraes Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between periodontal treatment needs by elderly Brazilians and contextual as well as individual variables. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the need for clinical periodontal treatment, based on National Oral Health Survey (SB Brasil 2010) data on the presence of dental calculus, shallow (3-5 mm) and deep (≥ 6 mm) periodontal pockets, and gingival bleeding in elderly people (n = 7,619). The contextual variables included the Municipal Human Development Index (MHDI), income inequality (Gini Index) and coverage of the municipal population by the Family Health Strategy (FHS) program oral health teams...
2016: PloS One
A Z Ashour, V G Belov, U A Parfyonov, S A Parfyonov, E V Ershov, I A Tuchin, A L Kovalenko, E V Talikova
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of combined use of Cytoflavin and cognitive therapy on the dynamics of psychosomatic status and effectiveness of the treatment of generalized periodontitis in elderly patients. The results of treatment of 103 patients aged 60 and older were analyzed. All patients received standard therapy for 10-14 days depending on the severity of the process. In addition, the patients of the main group (51 patients) received Cytoflavin: 2 tabs. 2 times a day with an interval between doses of 8-10 hours for 25 days, and cognitive therapy aimed at training alternative realistic way of life perception...
2016: Stomatologii︠a︡
Konstantinos Mitsakakis, Fabian Stumpf, Oliver Strohmeier, Vanessa Klein, Daniel Mark, Felix Von Stetten, Johannes R Peham, Christopher Herz, Pune Nina Tawakoli, Florian Wegehaupt, Thomas Attin, Nagihan Bostanci, Kai Bao, Georgios N Belibasakis, John P Hays, Gijs Elshout, Robin C Huisman, Stephanie Klein, Andrew P Stubbs, Lutz Doms, Andreas Wolf, Viorel Rusu, Sven Goethel, Thomas Binsl, Alex Michie, Jana Jancovicova, Vladimir Kolar, Michal Kostka, Jiri Smutny, Michal Karpisek, Caroline Estephan, Camille Cocaud, Roland Zengerle
Global healthcare systems are struggling with the enormous burden associated with infectious diseases, as well as the incessant rise of antimicrobial resistance. In order to adequately address these issues, there is an urgent need for rapid and accurate infectious disease diagnostics. The H2020 project DIAGORAS aims at diagnosing oral and respiratory tract infections using a fully integrated, automated and user-friendly platform for physicians' offices, schools, elderly care units, community settings, etc. Oral diseases (periodontitis, dental caries) will be detected via multiplexed, quantitative analysis of salivary markers (bacterial DNA and host response proteins) for early prevention and personalised monitoring...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Aviv Ouanounou
Xerostomia, or dry mouth, is common among elderly people and is typically associated with decreased salivary gland function. Causes of xerostomia in the geriatric population have been attributed to the use of medications, chronic disorders, and radiation therapy to the head and neck region. Patients with chronic xerostomia may have multiple oral and dental consequences such as dental caries, periodontal disease, fungal infections, ill-fitting dentures, and taste alterations. Xerostomia can seriously impact quality of life and may alter speech, eating, and swallowing...
May 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
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