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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678964/technology-enabled-examinations-of-cardiac-rhythm-optic-nerve-oral-health-tympanic-membrane-gait-and-coordination-evaluated-jointly-with-routine-health-screenings-an-observational-study-at-the-2015-kumbh-mela-in-india
#1
Pratik Shah, Gregory Yauney, Otkrist Gupta, Vincent Patalano Ii, Mrinal Mohit, Rikin Merchant, S V Subramanian
OBJECTIVES: Technology-enabled non-invasive diagnostic screening (TES) using smartphones and other point-of-care medical devices was evaluated in conjunction with conventional routine health screenings for the primary care screening of patients. DESIGN: Dental conditions, cardiac ECG arrhythmias, tympanic membrane disorders, blood oxygenation levels, optic nerve disorders and neurological fitness were evaluated using FDA-approved advanced smartphone powered technologies...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648497/low-reproducibility-between-oral-radiologists-and-general-dentists-with-regards-to-radiographic-diagnosis-of-caries
#2
Elmira Pakbaznejad Esmaeili, Tuomas Pakkala, Jari Haukka, Päivi Siukosaari
AIM: Early clinical and radiological diagnosis of dental caries is one of the fundamental objectives of clinical dentistry because of the high frequency of the disease and severe complications if caries remains untreated, especially among the elderly and patients with immunodeficiency. Dental panoramic tomography (DPT) is a common radiographic method for evaluating dentition when indicated, especially in an adult population. The aim of this study was to assess the reproducibility of diagnosis between specialists in oral radiology and general dentists with regards to caries lesions based on DPTs of adults...
April 12, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569454/the-possibility-of-modification-and-improvement-of-dental-services-in-poland-for-children-and-adolescents-with-special-emphasis-on-orthodontic-service
#3
M Tomaszewski, T Matthews-Brzozowska
AIM: World Dental Federation reveals that dental caries is one of the most common diseases in the world, and as much as 90% of the population is facing oral cavity problems. About 28% of teenagers aged 10 and 15 absolutely needs orthodontic treatment and about another third of this age group represents very serious cases. The aim of this study is to verify the authorial model which modifies and facilitates the system of dental services in Poland with a special emphasis on orthodontic service...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459906/assessment-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-the-institutionalised-elderly-in-delhi-india
#4
Amit Rekhi, Charu Mohan Marya, Ruchi Nagpal, Sukhvinder Singh Oberoi
PURPOSE: To assess the oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) among older people residing in old-age homes in Delhi, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Oral health related quality of life was measured by using the Hindi version of Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) which was tested for its reliability and validity. Sociodemographic data were collected and questions regarding the self-perception of general health, oral health and perceived need for dental treatment were put forward...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380853/oral-health-indicators-for-risk-of-malnutrition-in-elders
#5
L L Wu, K Y Cheung, P Y P Lam, X L Gao
OBJECTIVES: Using both clinical parameters and subjective measures of oral health, this study aimed to identify useful oral health indicators for the risk of malnutrition in elders. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Five community centers run by non-government organizations (NGOs). PARTICIPANTS: 195 community dwelling elders (65 or above). MEASUREMENTS: An interviewer-administered questionnaire was completed to collect information on elders' socio-demographic background and oral health perception and practice...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316616/revitalising-silver-nitrate-for-caries-management
#6
REVIEW
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Irene Shuping Zhao, Steve Duffin, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Silver nitrate has been adopted for medical use as a disinfectant for eye disease and burned wounds. In dentistry, it is an active ingredient of Howe's solution used to prevent and arrest dental caries. While medical use of silver nitrate as a disinfectant became subsidiary with the discovery of antibiotics, its use in caries treatment also diminished with the use of fluoride in caries prevention. Since then, fluoride agents, particularly sodium fluoride, have gained popularity in caries prevention. However, caries is an infection caused by cariogenic bacteria, which demineralise enamel and dentine...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183308/frequency-of-visits-and-examinations-in-the-public-dental-service-in-finland-a-retrospective-analysis-2001-2013
#7
Jari Linden, Kim Josefsson, Eeva Widström
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate longitudinally examination and visiting patterns in the Finnish Public Dental Service (PDS) and to relate these to patients' treatment needs and international recommendations on examination intervals. METHODS: Data on patients and their dental visits in the period 2001-2013 were collected from five municipal PDS-units serving a total population of 320,000 inhabitants and using the same database system. Ethical approval was given by the National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) and permissions to use local data by the directors of health services in each unit...
November 28, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136361/dental-status-in-nursing-home-residents-with-domiciliary-dental-care-in-sweden
#8
P Andersson, S Renvert, P Sjogren, M Zimmerman
OBJECTIVE: To describe the dental health status of elderly people in nursing homes receiving domiciliary dental care. DESIGN: Case note review. CLINICAL SETTING: Nursing homes in 8 Swedish counties. PARTICIPANTS: Care dependent elderly people (≥65 years). METHODS: Clinical data, including the number of remaining natural teeth, missing and decayed teeth (manifest dental caries) and root remnants, recorded by dentists according to standard practices...
December 1, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050030/concluding-remarks
#9
Marcela Rocha de Olivera Carrilho
Case reports and clinical trials conducted in different countries (i.e., the United States, Canada, Brazil, Germany, Finland, Sweden, Japan, India, and Sri Lanka) tend to find a positive relationship between the presence of more retained teeth in older ages and the prevalence of root caries in older adults. As this tendency has been shown to prevail globally, it is estimated that the predicted demographic elderly expansion may cause, in near future, a significant increment in the number of older population requiring an effective means of preventing and treating root surface caries...
2017: Monographs in Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023740/surveillance-and-monitoring-of-oral-health-in-elderly-people
#10
Hideo Miyazaki, Judith A Jones, Eugenio D Beltrán-Aguilar
Continued ageing of the global population is expected to pose significant challenges to maintaining optimum lifelong health in individuals and populations. Oral health is an essential element of general health and quality of life throughout an individual's life course, yet it is often neglected in integrated approaches to general health promotion. Surveillance and monitoring systems are essential for developing oral health policy and strategy at both national and community levels. As major oral diseases, dental caries and periodontal diseases are core indicators for surveillance at every stage of life...
September 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947446/association-between-socio-economic-status-and-dental-caries-in-elderly-people-in-sichuan-province-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Linyan Wang, Li Cheng, Bo Yuan, Xiao Hong, Tao Hu
OBJECTIVES: As a vulnerable group, the elders' oral health gained less attention, particularly the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and dental caries. This study aimed to assess the associations and to explore the effects of confounders on the associations in elderly people. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: 3 neighbourhood committees and 3 village committees in Sichuan Province, China. PARTICIPANTS: 744 people (362 men and 382 women) aged 65-74 years were included...
September 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888414/use-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-for-the-maintenance-of-dental-prostheses-in-a-high-caries-risk-patient-a-medical-management-approach
#12
Lola Giusti, Cathrine Steinborn, Maya Steinborn
A technique for using silver diamine fluoride (SDF) as part of a regimen to help maintain dental prostheses in a patient with scleroderma and at high risk of caries is presented. Medically compromised, xerostomic, or elderly patients generally face greater risk of caries and specifically with prosthetic retainer teeth. SDF is a minimally invasive solution to this problem. A technique is described for using SDF to arrest and prevent new caries with the goal of maintaining fixed and removable prostheses and supporting teeth in a cost-effective manner...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883766/intraoral-stents-in-preventing-adverse-radiotherapeutic-effects-in-lip-cancer-patients
#13
Breno A Rocha, Lucianne M C Lima, Lívia M R Paranaíba, Angel da S Martinez, Maria Betânia de O Pires, Edimilson M de Freitas, Camilla V Vilas Boas, Mário R de Melo Filho
AIM: To fabricate and evaluate the efficacy of individualized intraoral stents to minimize the potential side effects of radiation on oral tissues in patients with early stages of lip cancer. BACKGROUND: Lower lip cancer is a common tumor found almost exclusively in middle-aged and elderly males. Surgery is the most common treatment of choice, although for less extensive lesions, exclusive radiotherapy may be preferred. Some studies have found that the use of intraoral stents in patients with intraoral cancer (e...
November 2017: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798441/minimal-intervention-management-of-the-older-patient
#14
L J Walsh
With an aging population, dentists need to be aware of the risks which come to their elderly patients from retained teeth and exposed root surfaces. Oral health problems in the later years of life are multifactorial, with lifestyle, plaque and salivary factors remaining paramount. Root surface caries is likely to present a challenge in patients with a strong history of past coronal caries (and who have the attendant lifestyle risk factors) as well as in elderly patients who suddenly develop salivary hypofunction...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685949/traditional-oral-health-beliefs-and-practices-of-bulang-people-in-yunnan-china
#15
Shinan Zhang, Edward C M Lo, Chun-Hung Chu
AIM: The aim of the present study was to explore traditional oral health beliefs among the Bulang ethnic minority group in China. METHODS: Eighteen village leaders, chiefs, elders, and seniors in Yunnan, China were assigned to three focus groups for discussion of traditional oral health beliefs. The discussions were led by a facilitator. Transcripts were made, and data were extracted. RESULTS: The focus group discussions on traditional oral health beliefs addressed three themes: (a) the perception of oral health; (b) the impact of healthy teeth (oral health), in that healthy teeth essentially have an impact on physical health, emotions, and social status; and (c) toothache management, which was regarded as tooth decay (dental caries)...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433071/association-between-the-eruption-of-the-third-molar-and-caries-and-periodontitis-distal-to-the-second-molars-in-elderly-patients
#16
Yu-Hsiang Chou, Pei-Shan Ho, Kun-Yen Ho, Wen-Chen Wang, Kai-Fang Hu
The objective of this study was to verify whether caries and periodontal diseases, when present on the distal surface of the second molars (M2s), are associated with the eruption of the third molars (M3s). In this split-mouth study, we evaluated 70 elderly patients with unilateral maxillary or mandibular M3s who presented to the outpatient clinics of two hospitals. Patients underwent comprehensive oral examinations and radiographical measurements, and we assessed the outcomes of periodontal disease and caries...
May 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358035/oral-health-status-in-sichuan-province-findings-from-the-oral-health-survey-of-sichuan-2015-2016
#17
Wei Yin, Ying-Ming Yang, Hong Chen, Xue Li, Zhuo Wang, Li Cheng, Qiu-Dan Yin, Hong-Zhi Fang, Wei Fei, Fang-Lin Mi, Min-Hai Nie, Tao Hu, Xue-Dong Zhou
To investigate oral health status in the residents of Sichuan Province, southwest China, a cross-sectional study was performed using the latest Oral Health Survey Basic Methods recommended by the World Health Organization. A multistage stratified random cluster-sampling method was used to enroll participants from the following three groups: children aged 3-5 years, adolescents aged 12 years, and people aged 65-74 years. In these three groups, the mean numbers of teeth that were affected by caries were 3.28, 0...
March 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277023/oral-health-and-access-to-dental-care-a-comparison-of-elderly-migrants-and-non-migrants-in-germany
#18
Ghazal Aarabi, Daniel R Reissmann, Udo Seedorf, Heiko Becher, Guido Heydecke, Christopher Kofahl
OBJECTIVES: To compare oral health, access barriers to dental care, oral health behavior and oral hygiene behavior of elderly German residents with and without immigration background. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional explorative study, a convenience sample (N = 112, age ≥ 60 years, 54% immigrants) was recruited in four dental practices in Hamburg, Germany. Oral health was assessed with Decayed/Missing/Filled Teeth (DMFT), Papillary Bleeding Index (PBI), and Approximal Plaque Index (API)...
February 23, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266118/ageing-dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases
#19
Rodrigo López, Patricio C Smith, Gerd Göstemeyer, Falk Schwendicke
AIM: To review the burden of caries and periodontitis in the elderly, changes with age that can explain this burden, and the vulnerability to disease of elderly populations. METHODS: An assessment of surveys in two populations was conducted. Indicators for caries were identified by updating a systematic review. Secular trends for smoking and type 2 diabetes were discussed. RESULTS: Changes in the susceptibility to periodontitis with age may be explained by exposure to pro-inflammatory conditions and changes in the healing capacity of cells and tissues...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266112/dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases-in-the-ageing-population-call-to-action-to-protect-and-enhance-oral-health-and-well-being-as-an-essential-component-of-healthy-ageing-consensus-report-of-group-4-of-the-joint-efp-orca-workshop-on-the-boundaries-between
#20
Maurizio S Tonetti, Peter Bottenberg, Georg Conrads, Peter Eickholz, Peter Heasman, Marie-Charlotte Huysmans, Rodrigo López, Phoebus Madianos, Frauke Müller, Ian Needleman, Bente Nyvad, Philip M Preshaw, Iain Pretty, Stefan Renvert, Falk Schwendicke, Leonardo Trombelli, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Jacques Vanobbergen, Nicola West, Alix Young, Sebastian Paris
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, progress in prevention and treatment of caries and periodontal diseases has been translated to better oral health and improved tooth retention in the adult population. The ageing population and the increasing expectations of good oral health-related quality of life in older age pose formidable challenges to clinical care and healthcare systems. AIMS: The objective of this workshop was to critically review scientific evidence and develop specific recommendations to: (i) prevent tooth loss and retain oral function through prevention and treatment of caries and periodontal diseases later in life and (ii) increase awareness of the health benefits of oral health as an essential component of healthy ageing...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
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