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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433071/association-between-the-eruption-of-the-third-molar-and-caries-and-periodontitis-distal-to-the-second-molars-in-elderly-patients
#1
Yu-Hsiang Chou, Pei-Shan Ho, Kun-Yen Ho, Wen-Chen Wang, Kai-Fang Hu
The objective of this study was to verify whether caries and periodontal diseases, when present on the distal surface of the second molars (M2s), are associated with the eruption of the third molars (M3s). In this split-mouth study, we evaluated 70 elderly patients with unilateral maxillary or mandibular M3s who presented to the outpatient clinics of two hospitals. Patients underwent comprehensive oral examinations and radiographical measurements, and we assessed the outcomes of periodontal disease and caries...
May 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358035/oral-health-status-in-sichuan-province-findings-from-the-oral-health-survey-of-sichuan-2015-2016
#2
Wei Yin, Ying-Ming Yang, Hong Chen, Xue Li, Zhuo Wang, Li Cheng, Qiu-Dan Yin, Hong-Zhi Fang, Wei Fei, Fang-Lin Mi, Min-Hai Nie, Tao Hu, Xue-Dong Zhou
To investigate oral health status in the residents of Sichuan Province, southwest China, a cross-sectional study was performed using the latest Oral Health Survey Basic Methods recommended by the World Health Organization. A multistage stratified random cluster-sampling method was used to enroll participants from the following three groups: children aged 3-5 years, adolescents aged 12 years, and people aged 65-74 years. In these three groups, the mean numbers of teeth that were affected by caries were 3.28, 0...
March 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277023/oral-health-and-access-to-dental-care-a-comparison-of-elderly-migrants-and-non-migrants-in-germany
#3
Ghazal Aarabi, Daniel R Reissmann, Udo Seedorf, Heiko Becher, Guido Heydecke, Christopher Kofahl
OBJECTIVES: To compare oral health, access barriers to dental care, oral health behavior and oral hygiene behavior of elderly German residents with and without immigration background. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional explorative study, a convenience sample (N = 112, age ≥ 60 years, 54% immigrants) was recruited in four dental practices in Hamburg, Germany. Oral health was assessed with Decayed/Missing/Filled Teeth (DMFT), Papillary Bleeding Index (PBI), and Approximal Plaque Index (API)...
February 23, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266118/ageing-dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases
#4
Rodrigo López, Patricio C Smith, Gerd Göstemeyer, Falk Schwendicke
AIM: To review the burden of caries and periodontitis in the elderly, changes with age that can explain this burden, and the vulnerability to disease of elderly populations. METHODS: An assessment of surveys in two populations was conducted. Indicators for caries were identified by updating a systematic review. Secular trends for smoking and type 2 diabetes were discussed. RESULTS: Changes in the susceptibility to periodontitis with age may be explained by exposure to pro-inflammatory conditions and changes in the healing capacity of cells and tissues...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266112/dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases-in-the-ageing-population-call-to-action-to-protect-and-enhance-oral-health-and-well-being-as-an-essential-component-of-healthy-ageing-consensus-report-of-group-4-of-the-joint-efp-orca-workshop-on-the-boundaries-between
#5
Maurizio S Tonetti, Peter Bottenberg, Georg Conrads, Peter Eickholz, Peter Heasman, Marie-Charlotte Huysmans, Rodrigo López, Phoebus Madianos, Frauke Müller, Ian Needleman, Bente Nyvad, Philip M Preshaw, Iain Pretty, Stefan Renvert, Falk Schwendicke, Leonardo Trombelli, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Jacques Vanobbergen, Nicola West, Alix Young, Sebastian Paris
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, progress in prevention and treatment of caries and periodontal diseases has been translated to better oral health and improved tooth retention in the adult population. The ageing population and the increasing expectations of good oral health-related quality of life in older age pose formidable challenges to clinical care and healthcare systems. AIMS: The objective of this workshop was to critically review scientific evidence and develop specific recommendations to: (i) prevent tooth loss and retain oral function through prevention and treatment of caries and periodontal diseases later in life and (ii) increase awareness of the health benefits of oral health as an essential component of healthy ageing...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034327/part-2-oral-health-care-for-the-housebound-patient
#6
REVIEW
Diana Critchlow
Oral disease can have a significant impact on the health and wellbeing of the housebound patient. The aetiology of oral conditions such as dental caries and periodontal disease have been well investigated and there is a solid evidence base in how to best prevent their progress. The Department of Health document Delivering better oral health: an evidence-based toolkit for prevention is a valuable resource that outlines the current best preventative evidence in the form of practical advice for clinicians and patients...
January 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024093/oral-hygiene-in-the-elderly-with-different-degrees-of-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#7
José Antonio Gil-Montoya, Inés Sánchez-Lara, Cristobal Carnero-Pardo, Francisco Fornieles-Rubio, Juan Montes, Rocío Barrios, Miguel Angel Gonzalez-Moles, Manuel Bravo
The control of bacterial dental plaque through daily oral hygiene is essential to prevent oral diseases such as caries or periodontal disease, especially in at-risk populations, including the elderly with mild cognitive impairment and dementia. The aim of this study was to determine the association between different levels of cognitive impairment and dementia in an elderly population and their capacity to maintain adequate oral hygiene. A case-control study (elderly with versus without mild cognitive impairment or dementia) was performed in Granada, Spain...
December 26, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995225/oral-health-status-and-oral-health-care-model-in-china
#8
Jian Liu, Shan Shan Zhang, Shu Guo Zheng, Tao Xu, Yan Si
OBJECTIVE: To review the current oral health status and oral health care models in China in an effort to provide recommendations for the future implementation of these models. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted. The Medline, EMBASE, CNKI and Wanfang databases were searched for English and Chinese articles reporting relevant data from 1949 to the present. Data from three national oral health epidemiology surveys, Chinese government reports and national statistics yearbooks from 2011 to 2015 were also included...
2016: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990688/effect-of-12-month-weekly-professional-oral-hygiene-care-on-the-composition-of-the-oral-flora-in-dentate-dependent-elderly-residents-a-prospective-study
#9
Maude Wikström, Kawa L Kareem, Annica Almståhl, Erika Palmgren, Peter Lingström, Inger Wårdh
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of weekly professional oral hygiene care on the proportion of micro-organisms associated with good oral health, caries, and periodontal and soft tissue diseases in oral biofilms in dentate, dependent elderly residents. BACKGROUND: Assisted oral hygiene care reduces the plaque score and number of micro-organisms in the oral biofilms in elderly residents. Less is known about the effect on the quality/composition of the remaining oral flora...
December 18, 2016: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957565/effectiveness-of-diagnodent-in-detecting-root-caries-without-dental-scaling-among-community-dwelling-elderly
#10
Wen Zhang, Colman McGrath, Edward C M Lo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical research was to analyze the effectiveness of DIAGNOdent in detecting root caries without dental scaling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The status of 750 exposed, unfilled root surfaces was assessed by visual-tactile examination and DIAGNOdent before and after root scaling. The sensitivity and specificity of different cut-off DIAGNOdent values in diagnosing root caries with reference to visual-tactile criteria were evaluated on those root surfaces without visible plaque/calculus...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896484/oral-health-status-and-need-for-oral-care-of-care-dependent-indwelling-elderly-from-admission-to-death
#11
Arie R Hoeksema, Lilian L Peters, Gerry M Raghoebar, Henny J A Meijer, Arjan Vissink, Anita Visser
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to assess oral health and oral status of elderly patients newly admitted to a nursing home from admission until death. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Oral health, oral status, need for dental care, cooperation with dental treatment, and given dental care were assessed by two geriatric dentists in all new long-stay patients (n = 725) admitted to a nursing home between January 2009 and December 2013. All patients were followed from admission until death or until they left the nursing home...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825838/the-relationship-between-oral-health-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-elderly-people-in-united-kingdom
#12
Mohd Masood, Tim Newton, Noor Nazahiah Bakri, Taimur Khalid, Yaghma Masood
OBJECTIVES: To identify the determinants of OHRQoL among older people in the United Kingdom. METHODS: A subset of elderly (≥65year) participants from the UK Adult Dental Health Survey 2009 data was used. OHRQoL was assessed by means of the OHIP-14 additive score. The number of missing teeth; presence of active caries, dental pain, root caries, tooth wear, periodontal pockets>4mm, loss of attachment>9mm; having PUFA>0 (presence of severely decayed teeth with visible pulpal involvement, ulceration caused by dislocated tooth fragments, fistula and abscess); and wearing a denture were used as predictor variables...
January 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745546/improved-drug-delivery-systems-for-preventing-dental-caries
#13
Marianne Hiorth
Dental caries: Dental caries and periodontitis were for many decades considered the most important global oral health burden. During the last 40 years when more focus was put on the prevention of dental caries by using products with fluoride, the problem decreased. However, our new lifestyle with more sugar has given rise to concern, and in US the amount of children being diagnosed with dental caries has increased [1]. In addition the increasing amount of elderly in the population using many different types of medicines giving dry mouth has a negative impact of the status of their teeth [2]...
October 13, 2016: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713457/randomized-clinical-trial-on-arresting-dental-root-caries-through-silver-diamine-fluoride-applications-in-community-dwelling-elders
#14
(no author information available yet)
The immediate application of potassium iodide to dental root caries treated with silver diamine fluoride improved the colour of the lesion from black to bright yellow, but this colour change was only short lived.
October 7, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403876/arginine-and-caries-prevention-a-systematic-review
#15
Álfheiður Ástvaldsdóttir, Aron Naimi-Akbar, Thomas Davidson, Agneta Brolund, Laura Lintamo, Anna Attergren Granath, Sofia Tranæus, Pernilla Östlund
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the available evidence that the use of arginine-containing dental care products prevents the development of new caries lesions and the progression of existing lesions. SEARCH METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search of databases including PubMed, the Cochrane Library and EMBASE. SELECTION CRITERIA: We selected randomized controlled trials of treatment with arginine in fluoride-containing dental products measuring dental caries incidence or progression in children, adults and elderly subjects...
2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401382/-reality-and-challenges-of-the-oral-health-for-older-adults-in-chile-and-the-role-of-a-new-discipline-geriatric-dentistry
#16
Soraya León, Rodrigo A Giacaman
Chile is experiencing one of the fastest aging processes in Latin America. The implications derived from this phenomenon involve many aspects of the society, especially health care. In particular, insufficient oral health coverage in the country limits oral care provision for a population with a high prevalence and severity of oral diseases. These conditions include dental caries, periodontal disease, tooth loss, defective prostheses, oral mucosa lesions and xerostomia, among others, and strongly affect quality of life of the elderly population...
April 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237000/preventing-advanced-carious-lesions-with-caries-atraumatic-restorative-technique
#17
Tammi O Byrd
UNLABELLED: An alternative approach to controlling dental caries and preventing the associated pain, called atraumatic restorative technique (ART), is described for populations in need, where dental hygienists restore decayed teeth with glass ionomer restorations without prior removal of all decayed tooth structure. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are populations whose decay needs are not adequately being met within the current oral health care delivery system. These include those in poverty conditions, vulnerable children, and the elderly who are often in long-term care facilities without adequate resources or opportunities for traditional dentistry...
June 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27225554/chair-bedside-diagnosis-of-oral-and-respiratory-tract-infections-and-identification-of-antibiotic-resistances-for-personalised-monitoring-and-treatment
#18
Konstantinos Mitsakakis, Fabian Stumpf, Oliver Strohmeier, Vanessa Klein, Daniel Mark, Felix Von Stetten, Johannes R Peham, Christopher Herz, Pune Nina Tawakoli, Florian Wegehaupt, Thomas Attin, Nagihan Bostanci, Kai Bao, Georgios N Belibasakis, John P Hays, Gijs Elshout, Robin C Huisman, Stephanie Klein, Andrew P Stubbs, Lutz Doms, Andreas Wolf, Viorel Rusu, Sven Goethel, Thomas Binsl, Alex Michie, Jana Jancovicova, Vladimir Kolar, Michal Kostka, Jiri Smutny, Michal Karpisek, Caroline Estephan, Camille Cocaud, Roland Zengerle
Global healthcare systems are struggling with the enormous burden associated with infectious diseases, as well as the incessant rise of antimicrobial resistance. In order to adequately address these issues, there is an urgent need for rapid and accurate infectious disease diagnostics. The H2020 project DIAGORAS aims at diagnosing oral and respiratory tract infections using a fully integrated, automated and user-friendly platform for physicians' offices, schools, elderly care units, community settings, etc. Oral diseases (periodontitis, dental caries) will be detected via multiplexed, quantitative analysis of salivary markers (bacterial DNA and host response proteins) for early prevention and personalised monitoring...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213776/xerostomia-in-the-geriatric-patient-causes-oral-manifestations-and-treatment
#19
Aviv Ouanounou
Xerostomia, or dry mouth, is common among elderly people and is typically associated with decreased salivary gland function. Causes of xerostomia in the geriatric population have been attributed to the use of medications, chronic disorders, and radiation therapy to the head and neck region. Patients with chronic xerostomia may have multiple oral and dental consequences such as dental caries, periodontal disease, fungal infections, ill-fitting dentures, and taste alterations. Xerostomia can seriously impact quality of life and may alter speech, eating, and swallowing...
May 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27208876/randomized-clinical-trial-on-arresting-dental-root-caries-through-silver-diammine-fluoride-applications-in-community-dwelling-elders
#20
R Li, E C M Lo, B Y Liu, M C M Wong, C H Chu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of silver diammine fluoride (SDF) solution application in arresting dental root caries and to assess the color of arrested caries lesions. METHODS: This study was conducted in elderly centers in Hong Kong. A total of 83 elders with 157 root surfaces with active caries lesion were randomly allocated into 3 groups: Gp1 (placebo control)-annual application of soda water; Gp2-annual application of SDF solution; Gp3-annual application of SDF solution immediately followed by potassium iodide (KI) solution...
August 2016: Journal of Dentistry
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