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dental caries elderly

Marianne Hiorth
Dental caries: Dental caries and periodontitis were for many decades considered the most important global oral health burden. During the last 40 years when more focus was put on the prevention of dental caries by using products with fluoride, the problem decreased. However, our new lifestyle with more sugar has given rise to concern, and in US the amount of children being diagnosed with dental caries has increased [1]. In addition the increasing amount of elderly in the population using many different types of medicines giving dry mouth has a negative impact of the status of their teeth [2]...
October 13, 2016: Current Drug Delivery
(no author information available yet)
The immediate application of potassium iodide to dental root caries treated with silver diamine fluoride improved the colour of the lesion from black to bright yellow, but this colour change was only short lived.
October 7, 2016: British Dental Journal
Álfheiður Ástvaldsdóttir, Aron Naimi-Akbar, Thomas Davidson, Agneta Brolund, Laura Lintamo, Anna Attergren Granath, Sofia Tranæus, Pernilla Östlund
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the available evidence that the use of arginine-containing dental care products prevents the development of new caries lesions and the progression of existing lesions. SEARCH METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search of databases including PubMed, the Cochrane Library and EMBASE. SELECTION CRITERIA: We selected randomized controlled trials of treatment with arginine in fluoride-containing dental products measuring dental caries incidence or progression in children, adults and elderly subjects...
2016: Caries Research
Soraya León, Rodrigo A Giacaman
Chile is experiencing one of the fastest aging processes in Latin America. The implications derived from this phenomenon involve many aspects of the society, especially health care. In particular, insufficient oral health coverage in the country limits oral care provision for a population with a high prevalence and severity of oral diseases. These conditions include dental caries, periodontal disease, tooth loss, defective prostheses, oral mucosa lesions and xerostomia, among others, and strongly affect quality of life of the elderly population...
April 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
Tammi O Byrd
UNLABELLED: An alternative approach to controlling dental caries and preventing the associated pain, called atraumatic restorative technique (ART), is described for populations in need, where dental hygienists restore decayed teeth with glass ionomer restorations without prior removal of all decayed tooth structure. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are populations whose decay needs are not adequately being met within the current oral health care delivery system. These include those in poverty conditions, vulnerable children, and the elderly who are often in long-term care facilities without adequate resources or opportunities for traditional dentistry...
June 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Konstantinos Mitsakakis, Fabian Stumpf, Oliver Strohmeier, Vanessa Klein, Daniel Mark, Felix Von Stetten, Johannes R Peham, Christopher Herz, Pune Nina Tawakoli, Florian Wegehaupt, Thomas Attin, Nagihan Bostanci, Kai Bao, Georgios N Belibasakis, John P Hays, Gijs Elshout, Robin C Huisman, Stephanie Klein, Andrew P Stubbs, Lutz Doms, Andreas Wolf, Viorel Rusu, Sven Goethel, Thomas Binsl, Alex Michie, Jana Jancovicova, Vladimir Kolar, Michal Kostka, Jiri Smutny, Michal Karpisek, Caroline Estephan, Camille Cocaud, Roland Zengerle
Global healthcare systems are struggling with the enormous burden associated with infectious diseases, as well as the incessant rise of antimicrobial resistance. In order to adequately address these issues, there is an urgent need for rapid and accurate infectious disease diagnostics. The H2020 project DIAGORAS aims at diagnosing oral and respiratory tract infections using a fully integrated, automated and user-friendly platform for physicians' offices, schools, elderly care units, community settings, etc. Oral diseases (periodontitis, dental caries) will be detected via multiplexed, quantitative analysis of salivary markers (bacterial DNA and host response proteins) for early prevention and personalised monitoring...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Aviv Ouanounou
Xerostomia, or dry mouth, is common among elderly people and is typically associated with decreased salivary gland function. Causes of xerostomia in the geriatric population have been attributed to the use of medications, chronic disorders, and radiation therapy to the head and neck region. Patients with chronic xerostomia may have multiple oral and dental consequences such as dental caries, periodontal disease, fungal infections, ill-fitting dentures, and taste alterations. Xerostomia can seriously impact quality of life and may alter speech, eating, and swallowing...
May 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
R Li, E C M Lo, B Y Liu, M C M Wong, C H Chu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of silver diammine fluoride (SDF) solution application in arresting dental root caries and to assess the color of arrested caries lesions. METHODS: This study was conducted in elderly centers in Hong Kong. A total of 83 elders with 157 root surfaces with active caries lesion were randomly allocated into 3 groups: Gp1 (placebo control)-annual application of soda water; Gp2-annual application of SDF solution; Gp3-annual application of SDF solution immediately followed by potassium iodide (KI) solution...
August 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Moira B Smith, William Murray Thomson
OBJECTIVES: We explored the following research questions: (i) what challenges do dentists face when providing oral health care to dependent older adults; and (ii) to overcome those challenges, what recommendations would dentists providing care give those planning and implementing oral health policy and services for dependent older adults? BACKGROUND: The dentate older population is steadily increasing, and about half will end up in residential care, where dental caries rates over time are at least twice as great as those observed elsewhere...
May 16, 2016: Gerodontology
S R Miremadi, J Cosyn, B Janssens, H De Bruyn, J Vanobbergen, L De Visschere
OBJECTIVE: To assess the dental treatment backlog and associated costs among institutionalized elderly people using a novel composite index, called the oral health index. BACKGROUND: Despite numerous reports about oral health of old individuals, there is still lack of a systematic and practical method to estimate their treatment need covering all relevant aspects of oral health. In addition, little has been published on associated treatment costs and prediction of such costs...
April 26, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Ana Karina Mascarenhas
Good oral health is necessary to overall health and well-being. Most oral diseases, and in particular dental caries, are entirely preventable. However, in 2010, 3.9 billion people were globally affected by oral conditions, and the global prevalence of untreated caries in permanent teeth was 35.3%. The contemporary thinking is that dental caries starts as an infectious disease which then becomes a chronic disease. Public health measures and other caries-preventive approaches have resulted in dramatic reductions in dental caries across populations...
2016: Caries Research
Marisol Tellez, Mark S Wolff
Fluorides and sealants have been shown to reduce caries in populations, making fluoride interventions a large part of the dental public health effort. Although public health programs have traditionally focused on fluoride vehicles delivering less than 1,000 ppm of fluoride, more recent efforts have shifted toward the use of high fluoride vehicles such as varnishes and prescription toothpastes. In the USA, states are developing innovative strategies to increase access to dental services by using primary care medical providers to deliver early preventive services as part of well-child care visits...
2016: Caries Research
Alan Deutsch
An alternate technique of care to prevent, arrest and manage root caries using aqueous silver fluoride followed by stannous fluoride (AgF+SnF2) in aged care is demonstrated by three case studies. With increasing age, the inability to maintain ones own oral care from dementia, illness or frailty and polypharmacy induced salivary gland hypofunction will result in dental caries becoming a progessively greater burden for the elderly. Future generations of elders will live longer and need to maintain many more teeth longer than earlier generations...
March 2016: Special Care in Dentistry
Yotat Michele Lolita, Agbor Ashu Michael, Ntumba Hubert, Djachechi Florence, Bolenge Jacques
Objectives. The aim of this study was to determine the oral health status of elderly persons in Tonga, West Region of Cameroon. Methodology. This is a cross-sectional study of persons of at least 65 years, living in Tonga village, West Region of Cameroon. Results. A total of 183 persons aged between 65 and 94 years, mean age of 73 years ±7 s.d., 83 (45,4%) males, and 100 (54,6%) females participated in the study. The most represented age range was 65-74 years (60.1%); 86 (47.3%) and elders above 65 constituted 1...
2015: International Journal of Dentistry
Katrin Grund, Inka Goddon, Ina M Schüler, Thomas Lehmann, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
BACKGROUND: About half of all carious lesions in primary teeth of German 6- to 7-year-old children remain untreated, but no data regarding the clinical consequences of untreated dental caries are available. Therefore, this cross-sectional observational study aimed to assess the prevalence and experience of caries and odontogenic infections in the primary dentition of 5- and 8-year-old German children. METHODS: Dental examinations were performed in 5-year-old pre-school children (n = 496) and in 8-year-old primary school children (n = 608) living in the Westphalian Ennepe-Ruhr district...
2015: BMC Oral Health
Rohit Agrawal, Nalam Radhika Gautam, P Mahesh Kumar, R Kadhiresan, Vrinda Saxena, Suyog Jain
BACKGROUND: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the dental caries and periodontal disease status of elderly residing in old age homes of Madhya Pradesh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out on 599 elderly people residing in old age homes of Madhya Pradesh, India using cluster sampling methodology. The clinical findings were recorded using modified WHO Oral Health Assessment form (1997) to assess periodontal status as per community periodontal index, loss of attachment, WHO dentition status, and treatment needs...
August 2015: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
Licet Álvarez, Judith Liberman, Soledad Abreu, Carolina Mangarelli, Marcos B Correa, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Susana Lorenzo, Gustavo G Nascimento
This study aimed to assess dental caries status and associated factors in Uruguayan adults and elders using data from the first Uruguayan National Oral Health Survey. Data were representative of the country as a whole. Socio-demographic information was collected with a closed questionnaire. Dental caries was assessed by clinical examination using the DMFT index. The final sample consisted of 769 participants. Mean DMFT was 15.20 and 24.12 for the 35-44 and 65-74-year age groups, respectively. Mean number of decayed teeth was 1...
August 2015: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
K C S Basnyat, B Sapkota, S Shrestha
BACKGROUND: A lot of epidemiological surveys have been conducted in dental caries and periodontal problems, but prosthetic sector is lacking such study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the level of edentulousness, the cause of edentulousness, the denture wearing and denture needs of selected Nepalese population. It will also analyze how factors, such as habits, built, educational needs influence edentulousness. METHOD: Patients visiting the Dental Outpatient Department of Dhulikhel Hospital and various dental camps organized by the hospital were selected for study...
October 2014: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
Willy Baumgartner, Martin Schimmel, Frauke Müller
The increase in life expectancy in Switzerland is posing new challenges, as more and more people are becoming dependent on care, both at home and in long-term care facilities. The dental profession must deal with patients retaining their own teeth until later in life with an increased incidence and severity of caries and periodontal diseases. The association between general and oral health is becoming important, particularly in older people with medical conditions. Aspiration pneumonia can develop as a result of pathogenic bacteria descending from the oral cavity to the bronchoalveolar system, which presents a frequent, potentially life-threatening danger...
2015: Swiss Dental Journal
A Giannattasio, E Poggi, M Migliorati, P M Mondani, I Piccardo, P Carta, N Tomarchio, G Alberti
AIM: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of the guidelines on oral health published by the Italian Health Ministry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HASH(0x430c8c0) STUDY DESIGN: 1239 patients (582 girls and 657 boys) with a mean age of 4.46 (SD 2.81) years were evaluated before application of the guidelines by paediatricians (T0) for the presence of caries, gingivitis, diseases of the oral mucosa, and malocclusion. Only patients aged 6 months, 3 years, 6 years, and 9 years at T0 were taken into consideration...
June 2015: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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