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oral health status of elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932373/cohort-profile-update-the-amirkola-health-and-ageing-project-ahap
#1
Ali Bijani, Reza Ghadimi, Ebrahim Mikaniki, Farzan Kheirkhah, Seyyed Ali Mozaffarpur, Mina Motallebnejad, Haleh Esmaili, Fatemeh Majidi, Robert Graham Cumming, Seyed Reza Hosseini
The original cohort study of AHAP started in 2011 on 1616 elderly residents of Amirkola, northern part of Iran near the Caspian Sea. The main goal of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the health of the elderly in the region with the emphasis on chronic diseases such as osteoporosis. The first cohort profile was published in the International Journal of Epidemiology in 2014. The phase 1 AHAP showed the elevated level of some diseases and conditions including osteoporosis, metabolic syndrome, obesity, vision problems and relatively low levels of oral health...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814841/use-of-care-and-the-oral-health-status-of-people-aged-60-years-and-older-in-france-results-from-the-national-health-and-disability-survey
#2
Gérald Maille, Bérengère Saliba-Serre, Anne-Marie Ferrandez, Michel Ruquet
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze, from the data in a national survey, the use of oral care and the oral health status of patients living at home or in an institution. BACKGROUND: Patients aged 60 years and older have important oral health needs, but their oral management may differ according to their immediate environment. The fact of living at home or in an institution can influence the use of care and alter the patients' perception of their oral health status. METHODS: The data analyzed were taken from a survey on disability and health carried out in 2008-2009, which is representative of the population living in France...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799126/hydration-status-drug-interactions-and-determinants-in-a-spanish-elderly-population-a-pilot-study
#3
A M Puga, T Partearroyo, G Varela-Moreiras
Proper hydration is essential to maintain optimal health and well-being at all stages of life, especially for the elderly. Side effects of certain drugs that affect hydration status may compromise the health of the ancients, who also constitute the most vulnerable group. No studies have been carried out, to our knowledge, at the intersection of drugs and hydration status. Our study aimed to evaluate the effects of chronic use of certain drugs (diuretics, corticoids and metformin) in the hydration status of the elderly...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766750/using-food-comfortability-to-compare-food-s-sensory-characteristics-expectations-of-elderly-people-with-or-without-oral-health-problems
#4
Mathilde Vandenberghe-Descamps, Claire Sulmont-Rossé, Chantal Septier, Gilles Feron, Hélène Labouré
Food consumption is by far the most important point where food's organoleptic properties can be perceived and can elicit sensory pleasure. Ageing is often accompanied by oral impairments. Those impairments may impact food perception by changing texture perception and the release of flavor components, which have a significant impact on food acceptability. The present study aimed at evaluating the impact of oral health on the perception of food comfortability in an elderly population. This was achieved by asking elderly people with a good oral health and elderly people with poor oral health to rate six cereal products and six meat products using a food comfortability questionnaire...
August 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746465/orofacial-characteristics-of-functionally-independent-elders
#5
Danielle Nunes Moura Silva, Erica de Araújo Brandão Couto, Helena Maria Gonçalves Becker, Maria Aparecida Camargos Bicalho
Purpose: to understand the main orofacial characteristics of functionally independent elderly individuals and to investigate their association with age, gender, socioeconomic level, and dental status. Methods: an observational, cross-sectional, and analytical study was carried out with a non-probabilistic sample. Inclusion criteria: minimum age of 60 years, individual in good health conditions according to a pre-established protocol published by the health care service...
July 20, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721433/oral-health-and-the-frail-elderly
#6
L Rapp, S Sourdet, B Vellas, M-H Lacoste-Ferré
INTRODUCTION: The relationships between oral health conditions and frailty have rarely been explored. A systematic review of frailty components and oral health concluded that differences in study population endpoint criteria and study design cannot establish a relationship between frailty and oral health. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the distribution of the OHAT (Oral Health Assessment Tool) score in a population of frail subjects and to assess associated parameters (age, socio-economic status, living conditions, education level, nutritional habits, cognitive functioning, autonomy)...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705262/zinc-absorption-from-representative-diet-in-a-chinese-elderly-population-using-stable-isotope-technique
#7
Ya Jie Li, Min Li, Xiao Bing Liu, Tong Xiang Ren, Wei Dong Li, Chun Yang, Meng Wu, Lin Li Yang, Yu Xia Ma, Jun Wang, Jian Hua Piao, Li Chen Yang, Xiao Guang Yang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the dietary zinc absorption in a Chinese elderly population and provide the basic data for the setting of zinc (Zn) recommended nutrient intakes (RNI) for Chinese elderly people. METHODS: A total of 24 elderly people were recruited for this study and were administered oral doses of 3 mg 67Zn and 1.2 mg dysprosium on the fourth day. The primary macronutrients, energy, and phytic acid in the representative diet were examined based on the Chinese National Standard Methods...
June 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685949/traditional-oral-health-beliefs-and-practices-of-bulang-people-in-yunnan-china
#8
Shinan Zhang, Edward C M Lo, Chun-Hung Chu
AIM: The aim of the present study was to explore traditional oral health beliefs among the Bulang ethnic minority group in China. METHODS: Eighteen village leaders, chiefs, elders, and seniors in Yunnan, China were assigned to three focus groups for discussion of traditional oral health beliefs. The discussions were led by a facilitator. Transcripts were made, and data were extracted. RESULTS: The focus group discussions on traditional oral health beliefs addressed three themes: (a) the perception of oral health; (b) the impact of healthy teeth (oral health), in that healthy teeth essentially have an impact on physical health, emotions, and social status; and (c) toothache management, which was regarded as tooth decay (dental caries)...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637980/satisfaction-with-dietary-life-affects-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-subjective-well-being-in-very-elderly-people
#9
Toshimitsu Iinuma, Yasumichi Arai, Midori Takayama, Michiyo Takayama, Yukiko Abe, Yusuke Osawa, Motoko Fukumoto, Yusuke Fukui, Yohei Shioda, Nobuyoshi Hirose, Kazuo Komiyama, Nobuhito Gionhaku
Age-related deterioration in physical and oral health reduces healthy life expectancy and is thus an important problem for very elderly people. We investigated the effects of satisfaction with dietary life (SDL) in everyday life on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and subjective well-being and examined associations between these factors. We evaluated 426 elders aged 85 years or older. All participants completed a questionnaire that inquired about age, gender, drinking status, body mass index, cognitive function, disability, and comorbidities, among other covariates...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602409/clinical-outcomes-in-elderly-patients-treated-for-oral-cavity-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#10
Jie Jane Chen, Jennifer L Shah, Jeremy P Harris, Timothy T Bui, Kurt Schaberg, Christina S Kong, Michael J Kaplan, Vasu Divi, David Schoppy, Quynh-Thu Le, Wendy Y Hara
PURPOSE: Oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) commonly occurs in elderly patients. This study explores the clinical outcomes in elderly patients with OCSCC based on their functional status and clinical comorbidities. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We retrospectively reviewed 180 patients aged ≥70 who were treated with definitive intent with surgery followed by adjuvant therapy if indicated for newly diagnosed OCSCC from 1998 to 2013. Pathology review was conducted, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status and the Head and Neck Charlson Comorbidity Index (HN-CCI) were assessed...
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533731/effect-of-loss-of-teeth-and-its-association-with-general-quality-of-life-using-geriatric-oral-health-assessment-index-gohai-among-older-individuals-residing-in-rural-areas
#11
Vinaya Kundapur, Rakshith Hegde, Manoj Shetty, Sunil Mankar, Mohammed Hilal, Hari Prasad A
The development of measures for assessing oral health status is essential to the evolution and maturation of a scientific knowledge based in geriatric dentistry. Their development as branches of clinical care depends in part as ability to demonstrate an effective grasp of the problems of elderly and their solutions. Any strategy for altering the health status of elderly requires a technology for first assessing that health status and then detecting increments of progress. Development of geriatric oral health assessment index (GOHAI) is a self reported measure designed to assess the oral health problems of older individuals...
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442895/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-prosthetic-status-of-nursing-home-residents-with-or-without-dementia
#12
Anna-Luisa Klotz, Alexander Jochen Hassel, Johannes Schröder, Peter Rammelsberg, Andreas Zenthöfer
PURPOSE: The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the effect of prosthetic status on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of nursing home residents with or without dementia. METHODS: The study was performed in 14 nursing homes across the federal state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. All eligible participants were included, and general and medical information and information about their dental and prosthetic statuses were collected...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419681/oral-mycobiome-in-community-dwelling-elderly-and-its-relation-to-oral-and-general-health-conditions
#13
M N Zakaria, M Furuta, T Takeshita, Y Shibata, R Sundari, N Eshima, T Ninomiya, Y Yamashita
OBJECTIVE: Oral fungal infection is generally associated with dysbiosis related to antibiotic use, immunodeficiency, or frailty. However, fungal colonization in a typical population without apparent symptoms and its associated conditions are poorly understood. In this study, oral fungal colonization in community-dwelling and independently living elderly populations was evaluated and factors affecting fungal colonization were analyzed. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The subjects (410; 181 males and 229 females) were 75-99 years of age; those under prior antibiotic use were excluded...
April 18, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412164/diagnosis-and-management-of-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-among-older-persons-state-of-the-art
#14
REVIEW
Omar Ortega, Alberto Martín, Pere Clavé
Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) is a condition recognized by the World Health Organization and defined as the difficulty or inability to move a bolus safely and effectively from the oral cavity to the esophagus, and can include aspirations, choking, and residue. OD is pandemic among different phenotypes of older people, affecting between 27% and 91% of the population 70 years or older. Although OD can be diagnosed by well-defined clinical methods and complementary explorations, in the clinical setting OD is seldom systematically screened and treated, and awareness among the medical/geriatric community is scarce...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392164/relationship-of-nutritional-status-and-oral-health-in-elderly-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#15
Mirian Paola Toniazzo, Paula de Sant'Ana Amorim, Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz, Patricia Weidlich
This systematic review aimed to compare the nutritional status and oral health in older adults individuals. Three databases (Medline-Pubmed, Scopus and EMBASE) were searched up to October 28th 2016 for studies that performed the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) or the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and an oral examination performed by a dental professional, either dental hygienist or a dentist. Both observational and interventional studies were screened for eligibility. Meta-analyses were performed comparing the malnourished/at risk of malnutrition and the normal nutrition subjects with three oral health parameters (edentulism, use of prosthesis and mean number of present teeth)...
March 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380347/oral-health-care-behavior-and-frailty-related-factors-in-a-care-dependent-older-population
#16
Dominique Niesten, Dick J Witter, Ewald M Bronkhorst, Nico H J Creugers
OBJECTIVES: To assess, in older people with different levels of care-dependency 1) which frailty- and non-frailty related predisposing, enabling and need factors are associated with a) dental service use (DSU) frequency, b) changed DSU after the onset of care-dependency, c) brushing frequency, and d) changed brushing frequency since the onset of care-dependency; and 2) if unfavorable oral health care behavior is related to unfavorable oral health outcomes. METHODS: Bivariate analyses and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate data from 126 Dutch care-dependent people aged≥65 on oral and general health, psychological and social issues...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358035/oral-health-status-in-sichuan-province-findings-from-the-oral-health-survey-of-sichuan-2015-2016
#17
Wei Yin, Ying-Ming Yang, Hong Chen, Xue Li, Zhuo Wang, Li Cheng, Qiu-Dan Yin, Hong-Zhi Fang, Wei Fei, Fang-Lin Mi, Min-Hai Nie, Tao Hu, Xue-Dong Zhou
To investigate oral health status in the residents of Sichuan Province, southwest China, a cross-sectional study was performed using the latest Oral Health Survey Basic Methods recommended by the World Health Organization. A multistage stratified random cluster-sampling method was used to enroll participants from the following three groups: children aged 3-5 years, adolescents aged 12 years, and people aged 65-74 years. In these three groups, the mean numbers of teeth that were affected by caries were 3.28, 0...
March 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349594/perceived-swallowing-problems-and-mortality-risk-in-very-elderly-people-%C3%A2-85%C3%A2-years-old-results-of-the-tokyo-oldest-old-survey-on-total-health-study
#18
Toshimitsu Iinuma, Takumi Hirata, Yasumichi Arai, Michiyo Takayama, Yukiko Abe, Motoko Fukumoto, Yusuke Fukui, Nobuhito Gionhaku
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clarify whether perceived swallowing problems affect the life expectancy of very elderly individuals. BACKGROUND: In an ageing society, oral function affects health status. In particular, a decline in swallowing function may increase the risk of various diseases, morbidity and malnutrition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 526 elderly individuals aged ≥85 years. All participants completed a questionnaire and underwent oral, physical and mental health examinations...
March 28, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258270/oral-health-status-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-hospitalized-and-nonhospitalized-geriatric-patients
#19
Abdulaziz M AlBaker, Fahad F AlBaqami, Tariq M AlHarbi, Mohammad D AlAmri, Jagan K Baskaradoss
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the oral health status and its effect on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of hospitalized and nonhospitalized elderly patients in a single community. The null hypothesis for the study states that there is no difference in the oral health status and OHRQoL between hospitalized and nonhospitalized elderly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at the King Khalid Hospital and College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156492/food-as-medicine-a-randomized-controlled-trial-rct-of-home-delivered-medically-tailored-meals-hdmtm-on-quality-of-life-qol-in-metastatic-lung-and-non-colorectal-gi-cancer-patients
#20
Raymond Mailhot Vega, Lisa Zullig, Alissa Wassung, Dorella Walters, Noah Berland, Kevin Lee Du, Jiyoung Ahn, Cynthia G Leichman, Deirdre Jill Cohen, Ping Gu, Abraham Chachoua, Lawrence P Leichman, Karen Pearl, Peter B Schiff
155 Background: Malnutrition incidence in cancer approaches 85%, disproportionately burdening those with lung, GI, and advanced stage cancers. Malnourished patients have impaired chemotherapy response, shorter survival, longer hospital stays, and decreased QoL. Home delivered meals are nutritional interventions that improve patient well-being, nutrition, and lower healthcare costs in the elderly but have not been studied as an intervention in cancer patients. HDMTM are nutritionist prescribed home delivered meals tailored to patient's symptoms, co-morbidities, and health needs...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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