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oral health status of elderly

Fabio Cocco, Guglielmo Campus, Laura Strohmenger, Viviana Cortesi Ardizzone, Maria Grazia Cagetti
BACKGROUND: This survey aims to evaluate the prevalence and severity of tooth loss in the Italian elderly population living in nursing homes and to associate the oral data with demographic, socioeconomic factors, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Body Mass Index (BMI) and the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) scores. METHODS: A cluster sample method was performed using each nursing home as a cluster. Twenty-three nursing homes located in the five areas of the Italy (North-West, North-East, Centre, South and Islands) were selected...
March 20, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Ronaldo Lira-Junior, Sigvard Åkerman, Björn Klinge, Elisabeth A Boström, Anders Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Analysis of saliva is emerging as a promising tool to diagnose and monitor diseases which makes determination of the salivary microbial profile in different scenarios essential. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of age, periodontal disease, sex, smoking, and medical conditions on the salivary microbial profile. DESIGN: A randomly selected sample of 441 individuals was enrolled (51% women; mean age 48.5±16.8). Participants answered a health questionnaire and underwent an oral examination...
2018: PloS One
Keiko Murakami, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Mieko Nakamura, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Toshiyuki Ojima, Kayoko Shirai, Tomomi Nagahata, Aya Kadota, Nagako Okuda, Nobuo Nishi, Tomonori Okamura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Akira Okayama, Katsuyuki Miura
BACKGROUND: Most studies on socioeconomic inequalities in oral health have not considered the effects of behavioral and biological factors and age differences. Furthermore, the nationwide status of inequalities remains unclear in Japan. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2,089 residents aged ≥40 years throughout Japan. The lowest quartile of the number of remaining teeth for each 10-year age category was defined as poor oral health. Behavioral and biological factors included smoking status, obesity, diabetes mellitus, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and the use of dental devices...
2018: Journal of Epidemiology
Philip Kroll, Lisa Hou, Hani Radaideh, Nazanin Sharifi, Phuu P Han, Roseann Mulligan, Reyes Enciso
The objective of this systematic review was to determine the effect on oral health-related outcomes from mandibular implant-retained dentures opposing maxillary complete dentures in edentulous middle-age and older adults compared to complete removable dentures in both arches. Randomized controlled trials with an average age of the participants being 65 years old or above were included. The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and Web of Science were searched. A total of 228 abstracts were reviewed for inclusion criteria with fourteen trials included and analyzed for risk of bias...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
A R Hoeksema, L L Peters, G M Raghoebar, H J A Meijer, A Vissink, A Visser
OBJECTIVE: To assess oral health, health, and quality of life (QoL) of care-dependent community-living older people with and without remaining teeth who recently received formal home care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this cross-sectional observational study, community-living older people (≥ 65 years), who recently (< 6 months) received formal home care, were interviewed with validated questionnaires and underwent an oral examination. Oral health, general health, medicines usage, frailty (Groningen Frailty Indicator), cognition (Minimal Mental State Examination), QoL (RAND 36), and oral health-related QoL (Oral Health Impact Profile-14) were assessed...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Soraya León, Renato J De Marchi, Luisa H Tôrres, Fernando N Hugo, Iris Espinoza, Rodrigo A Giacaman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to gather information and discuss oral health status of older people in the Latin American and Caribbean region (LAC). BACKGROUND: Scarce data are available to portrait the oral situation of older people in the region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This review paper is the result of a meeting of the IADR's Latin American Geriatric Oral Research Group held in Porto Alegre, Brazil, in November of 2016, part of the activities of an IADR Regional Development Programme (RDP)...
February 1, 2018: Gerodontology
L L Wu, K Y Cheung, P Y P Lam, X L Gao
OBJECTIVES: Using both clinical parameters and subjective measures of oral health, this study aimed to identify useful oral health indicators for the risk of malnutrition in elders. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Five community centers run by non-government organizations (NGOs). PARTICIPANTS: 195 community dwelling elders (65 or above). MEASUREMENTS: An interviewer-administered questionnaire was completed to collect information on elders' socio-demographic background and oral health perception and practice...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Yutaka Watanabe, Hidenori Arai, Hirohiko Hirano, Shiho Morishita, Yuki Ohara, Ayako Edahiro, Masaharu Murakami, Hiroyuki Shimada, Takeshi Kikutani, Takao Suzuki
AIM: To investigate the association between mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and oral status, and to develop an oral-based screening index for MCI. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a total of 5104 community-dwelling adults (aged ≥65 years) from the Obu Study of Health Promotion for the Elderly. Screening for MCI included a standardized personal interview, Mini-Mental State Examination, Geriatrics and Gerontology-Functional Assessment Tool (which included 8 tasks used to assess logical memory, word list memory, attention and executive function, processing speed, and visuospatial skill) and oral status...
January 30, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Janet-Ofelia Guevara-Canales, Rafael Morales-Vadillo, Sonia-Julia Sacsaquispe-Contreras, Dora-Erika Alberca-Ramos, Hans Morgenstern-Orezzoli, Carlos-Enrique Cava-Vergiú
PURPOSE: To determine whether self-perceived oral health impact and satisfaction measure oral health in the same way as do clinical indicators in adults and older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The population consisted of adult patients aged 20 to 59 years receiving care at "Juan Pablo II" Health Care Centre and older adult patients aged 60 or more years from the home for the elderly "Virgen del Amor Hermoso", Lima, Peru. The indices Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) and Oral Satisfaction Scale of 0-10 (OSS 0-10) were used to evaluate perceived impact of and satisfaction with oral health...
January 15, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Es-Hagh Ildarabadi, Mohammad Reza Armat, Vahideh Motamedosanaye, Farzaneh Ghanei
Background: Oral health of elderly people plays a major role in their overall health and quality of life, and is an integral part of personal care. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of implementing the oral health care program (OHCP) on oral health status of elderly people resident in nursing homes. Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was carried out using a pretest-posttest design on 101 elderly people (46 in the intervention group and 55 in the control group) resident in two randomly selected nursing homes in Mashhad, Iran...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Miguel Germán Borda, Nicolás Castellanos-Perilla, Judy Andrea Patiño, Sandra Castelblanco, Carlos Alberto Cano, Diego Chavarro-Carvajal, Mario U Pérez-Zepeda
Edentulism is related to a number of conditions in older adults, impacting their overall health status and thus their quality of life and relationship with the environment. At the same time, self-rated health has been shown to be an accurate marker of overall health status. However there is little information on how edentulism relates to self-rated health in older adults of Hispanic origin. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of edentulism on self-rated health in older adults. We analyzed data from SABE Ecuador 2009, a cross-sectional study that included a probabilistic representative sample of 5, 235 community-dwelling older adults aged 60 years or older...
August 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Hinako Nanri, Yosuke Yamada, Aya Itoi, Emi Yamagata, Yuya Watanabe, Tsukasa Yoshida, Motoko Miyake, Heiwa Date, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Takeshi Kikutani, Misaka Kimura
OBJECTIVE: Many previous studies have reported that fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with a reduced risk of various disease, but whether or not their consumption is associated with the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is unclear. The objective of this study was to examine the association between the frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption and the OHRQoL in elderly subjects by sex. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from a population-based Kyoto-Kameoka Study in 2012 of 3112 men and 3439 women (age ≥ 65 years)...
December 15, 2017: Nutrients
Fuad Akbar Husain, Fransiske Tatengkeng
Background: Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) periphrastically has a significant impact on oral health. A recent study has shown the significant facts of the oral health-related quality of life based on many factors such as individual, social status, household management, daily habits, and local factors. The differences in the oral health status possibly occur in between countries, different regions, and topographical areas frequently and indirectly contributing to oral health status...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Alexandre Baumgarten, Jeanne Gabriele Schmidt, Rafaela Soares Rech, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Bárbara Niegia Garcia de Goulart
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the factors associated with inadequate chewing in an adult and elderly population of a city in the southern region of Brazil. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study based on a population home-based inquiry (DCH-POP) in southern Brazil. Individuals were interviewed by trained interviewers to create a standardized procedure. In a pilot study, the Questionnaire of Human Communication Disorders (DCH-POP) was created and validated to identify self-reported speech and language, swallowing and hearing disorders...
November 2017: Clinics
Tomoki Tanaka, Kyo Takahashi, Hirohiko Hirano, Takeshi Kikutani, Yutaka Watanabe, Yuki Ohara, Hiroyasu Furuya, Tetsuo Tsuji, Masahiro Akishita, Katsuya Iijima
Background: Oral health is important for maintaining general health among the elderly. However, a longitudinal association between poor oral health and general health has not been reported. We investigated whether poor oral status can predict physical weakening (physical frailty, sarcopenia, subsequent disability) and identified the longitudinal impact of the accumulated poor oral health (i.e., oral frailty) on adverse health outcomes, including mortality. Methods: A total of 2,011 elderly individuals (aged ≥65 years) participated in the baseline survey of the Kashiwa study in 2012...
November 17, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Rosa M Ortega, Ana Isabel Jiménez Ortega, José Miguel Perea Sánchez, Esther Cuadrado Soto, Rosa M Martínez García, Ana M López Sobaler
OBJECTIVES: Inpatient and institutionalized elderly patients are population groups vulnerable from the nutritional point of view because oftheir greater risk of deficiencies and because in them the effects of imbalances are more serious than in other groups. Analyzing the possible usefulness of industry innovations offering solutions in the oral feeding of these population groups constitutes the objective of the present work. METHODS: Bibliographic search related to the topic...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
P Andersson, S Renvert, P Sjogren, M Zimmerman
OBJECTIVE: To describe the dental health status of elderly people in nursing homes receiving domiciliary dental care. DESIGN: Case note review. CLINICAL SETTING: Nursing homes in 8 Swedish counties. PARTICIPANTS: Care dependent elderly people (≥65 years). METHODS: Clinical data, including the number of remaining natural teeth, missing and decayed teeth (manifest dental caries) and root remnants, recorded by dentists according to standard practices...
December 1, 2017: Community Dental Health
Chl Hong, M M Aung, K Kanagasabai, C A Lim, S Liang, K S Tan
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the oral health and the prevalence of pre-existing oral colonization with respiratory pathogens in dependent elderly, and whether these factors influence pneumonia development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants residing in a long-term care facility received bedside oral examinations, and information on their oral health (caries status, calculus index and debris index) was obtained. Samples from the tongue and teeth were collected at baseline and at time of pneumonia development...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Barbara A Stowers, Lori Giblin, Lisa Laspina, Kristeen Perry
Purpose: National data indicate that the oral health status of the aging population in long term care facilities (LTCF) is poor in the majority of cases. Nursing assistants are considered to be the primary caregivers of oral health care to elders residing in LTCF's. The aim of this research was to explore the perspectives among nursing educators and program directors on the adequacy of oral health education in nursing assistant curricula.Methods: This exploratory, cross-sectional study utilized a web-based questionnaire adapted, with permission, from a prior study conducted in 2009...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Kirill Kosilov, Irina Kuzina, Vladimir Kuznetsov, Yuliya Gainullina, Liliya Kosilova, Alexandra Prokofyeva, Sergey Loparev
AIM: To study the cognitive functions and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in individuals taking a combination of tamsulosin and solifenacin in a higher dosage. METHODS: All patients (n = 262) were assigned to group A (N = 93, tamsulosin 0.4 mg + solifenacin 10 mg per day), group B (N = 83, tamsulosin 0.4 mg + solifenacin 20 mg), and control group C (N = 86; tamsulosin 0.4 mg + placebo). The lower urinary tract (LUT) condition was assessed on the scales International Prostate Symptom Score, Over Active Bladder Awareness Tool and uroflowmetry...
November 7, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
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