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oral health status of elderly

Marianne Hiorth
Dental caries: Dental caries and periodontitis were for many decades considered the most important global oral health burden. During the last 40 years when more focus was put on the prevention of dental caries by using products with fluoride, the problem decreased. However, our new lifestyle with more sugar has given rise to concern, and in US the amount of children being diagnosed with dental caries has increased [1]. In addition the increasing amount of elderly in the population using many different types of medicines giving dry mouth has a negative impact of the status of their teeth [2]...
October 13, 2016: Current Drug Delivery
Edwin J Meneses-Gómez, Adriana Posada-López, Andrés A Agudelo-Suarez
Metrosalud is the largest public hospital network in the city of Medellin and one of the most important in Colombia providing health care to the most vulnerable population. The objective of the study was to determine the Oral HealthRelated Quality of Life (OHRQoL) and its related factors in the elderly population receiving health care at the public hospital network in Medellin (Colombia). A crosssectional design was used. Men and women ≥ 65 years old were considered for this research, selected from first consultation records by the institution's statistical unit for 2011, who accepted to participate after being contacted by telephone...
September 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Elisenda Martori, Raúl Ayuso-Montero, Eva Willaert, Miguel Viñas, Maria Peraire, Jordi Martinez-Gomis
PURPOSE: Colonization by Candida is related to wearing a denture. How denture type, status, and maintenance play a role in determining Candida colonization remains unknown. This work evaluated removable denture status in an elderly population and explored the association between denture-related factors and oral Candida colonization as determined by systemic and local factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Socio-demographic, general health, and behavioral data and oral factors were registered by means of a questionnaire...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
B Sáez-Prado, M-C Haya-Fernández, M-T Sanz-García
BACKGROUND: The world population is aging considerably. The state of elderly's dentition is poor. Many authors agree that the oral health status influence the elderly's quality of life.The objective of our study was to analyze the relation between the oral health status and the general health status through the quality of life of elderly people aged 65 years or more in Valencia, Spain._Material and Methods: A cross-sectional oral health survey and an oral examination have been designed to study an elderly population...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Augusto Bacelo Bidinotto, Camila Mello Dos Santos, Luísa Helena do Nascimento Tôrres, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa, Fernando Neves Hugo, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether changes in oral health status were associated with decline in quality of life (QoL). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Carlos Barbosa, southern Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A random sample of 872 community-dwelling individuals aged 60 and older was evaluated in 2004. The current study population consisted of 389 participants available for follow-up in 2012. MEASURES: Change in QoL was assessed through the use of the short version of the World Health Organization QoL Assessment tool (WHOQOL-BREF) at baseline and follow-up...
September 29, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
M Uota, T Ogawa, K Ikebe, Y Arai, K Kamide, Y Gondo, Y Masui, T Ishizaki, C Inomata, H Takeshita, Y Mihara, Y Maeda
The sense of taste is important, as it allows for assessment of nutritional value, as well as safety and quality of foods, with several factors suggested to be associated with taste sensitivity. However, comprehensive variables regarding taste and related factors have not been utilised in previous studies for assessments of sensitivity. In the present study, we performed cross-sectional analyses of taste sensitivity and related factors in geriatric individuals who participated in the SONIC Study. We analysed 2 groups divided by age, 69-71 years (young-old, n = 687) and 79-81 years (old-old, n = 621), and performed a general health assessment, an oral examination and determination of taste sensitivity...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Zuhair S Natto, Majdi Aladmawy, Heba K Alshaeri, Mohammed Alasqah, Athena Papas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible correlations of clinical attachment level and pocket depth with number of medications in elderly individuals. METHODS: Intra-oral examinations for 139 patients visiting Tufts dental clinic were done. Periodontal assessments were performed with a manual UNC-15 periodontal probe to measure probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) at 6 sites. Complete lists of patients' medications were obtained during the examinations...
March 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
Toshimitsu Iinuma, Yasumichi Arai, Michiyo Takayama, Yukiko Abe, Tomoka Ito, Yugaku Kondo, Nobuyoshi Hirose, Nobuhito Gionhaku
BACKGROUND: Among the very elderly, poor oral health reduces life expectancy. In this study, differences in the magnitude of the maximum occlusal force (MOF) in the very elderly were examined in terms of effects on all-cause mortality in a 3-year follow-up. METHODS: We evaluated 489 community-living elderly individuals aged 85 years or older. MOF was measured using an occlusal force measuring device, and participants were classified into three groups according to gender- and dental status-sensitive tertiles...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Carla Sancho-Mestre, David Vivas-Consuelo, Luis Alvis-Estrada, Martin Romero, Ruth Usó-Talamantes, Vicent Caballer-Tarazona
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study is to estimate the frequency of multimorbidity in type 2 diabetes patients classified by health statuses in a European region and to determine the impact on pharmaceutical expenditure. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of the inhabitants of a southeastern European region with a population of 5,150,054, using data extracted from Electronic Health Records for 2012. 491,854 diabetic individuals were identified and selected through clinical codes, Clinical Risk Groups and diabetes treatment and/or blood glucose reagent strips...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Doralice Severo da Cruz Teixeira, Paulo Frazão, Gizelton Pereira Alencar, Oswaldo Santos Baquero, Paulo Capel Narvai, Maria Lucia Lebrão, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte
The aim of this study was to assess factors associated with tooth loss in elderly 60 years or older during a four-year observation period. A representative cohort of dentate elderly from the city of São Paulo, Brazil, participated in the study. The outcome was teeth loss incidence from 2006 to 2010. Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, health services access and use, behavior, reported diseases, cognitive status, functional status, state of dentition, and use of dental prosthesis were recorded as independent variables in 2006 and the outcome was measured in 2010...
August 8, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Y Okabe, M Furuta, S Akifusa, K Takeuchi, M Adachi, T Kinoshita, T Kikutani, S Nakamura, Y Yamashita
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition is a serious health concern for frail elderly people. Poor oral function leading to insufficient food intake can contribute to the development of malnutrition. In the present study, we explored the longitudinal association of malnutrition with oral function, including oral health status and swallowing function, in elderly people receiving home nursing care. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study with 1-year follow-up. SETTING: Two mid-sized cities in Fukuoka, Japan from November 2010 to March 2012...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Peter Hillmen, Ann Janssens, K Govind Babu, Janusz Kloczko, Sebastian Grosicki, Stephanie Manson, Astrid McKeown, Ira Gupta, Chai-Ni Chang, Fritz Offner
BACKGROUND: Patients diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are usually elderly and frequently have a number of comorbidities. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for these patients is of utmost importance and should be taken into consideration when assessing new treatment options. The combination of ofatumumab with chlorambucil has shown longer progression-free survival compared with chlorambucil alone. In this study, we aim to assess how this treatment combination affects patients' health-related quality of life and patient-reported symptoms...
September 2016: Acta Oncologica
Daniela Mendes da Veiga Pessoa, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, Kenio Costa de Lima
BACKGROUND: Brazil has severe socioeconomic inequalities, resulting in major oral health problems for the Brazilian elderly, such as tooth loss and, consequently, a need for oral rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to evaluate inequalities in complete denture need among older Brazilian adults in relation to social determinants at individual and contextual levels. METHODS: This retrospective study was based on data from the national oral health survey, SB Brasil 2010, in which 7,619 older adults aged 65-74 years participated...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Akinari Inui, Ippei Takahashi, Kaori Sawada, Akimoto Naoki, Toshirou Oyama, Yoshihiro Tamura, Toshiyuki Osanai, Anna Satake, Shigeyuki Nakaji, Wataru Kobayashi
PURPOSE: Decline in the number of teeth and physical fitness begins from 40 years of age; however, several epidemiological studies have identified relationships between oral conditions and physical performance parameters in community-dwelling elderly population. The aim of this study was to validate the relationship between the muscle mass and its function and oral conditions (number of teeth and dental occlusion) after 40 years of age in a community-dwelling population in Japan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects comprised of 552 volunteers (198 males and 354 females, 40-79 years) who participated in the Iwaki Health Promotion Project in 2013...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Balasubramanian Kumara-Raja, Gubbihal Radha
BACKGROUND: Among the various oral ailments which have been observed in elderly, root caries is a significant one. Tooth loss is chief oral health-related negative variable to the quality of life in elderly and root caries is the major cause of tooth loss in them. It has been reported about a third of older population bears most of the root caries burden, so the present study aimed to assess the prevalence of root caries among older individuals residing in residential homes of Bengaluru city India...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Kuldeep Singh Shekhawat, Arunima Chauhan, Anitha Ann Koshy, P Rekha, Hemanth Kumar
BACKGROUND: Oral health has a profound effect on the daily activities of geriatric group. India being a multilingual country, it is essential that instruments used to evaluate the quality of life is in local languages. However, the validation and translational aspect are important before involving a larger cohort of geriatrics. AIM: To assess the reliability of Malayalam version of Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI-m). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Institutionalized elderly in Alleppey, Kerala, cross-sectional study...
April 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Richard J Manski, Jody Schimmel Hyde, Haiyan Chen, John F Moeller
The purpose of this article is to explore differences in the socioeconomic, demographic characteristics of older adults in the United States with respect to their use of different types of dental care services. The 2008 Health and Retirement Study (HRS) collected information about patterns of dental care use and oral health from individuals aged 55 years and older in the United States. We analyze these data and explore patterns of service use by key characteristics before modeling the relationship between service use type and those characteristics...
2016: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
Marzia Lazzari, Claudio Marcassa, Silvia Natoli, Roberta Carpenedo, Clarissa Caldarulo, Maria B Silvi, Mario Dauri
PURPOSE: Chronic pain has a high prevalence in the aging population. Strong opioids also should be considered in older people for the treatment of moderate to severe pain or for pain that impairs functioning and the quality of life. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of the direct switch to low-dose strong opioids (World Health Organization-Step III drugs) in elderly, opioid-naive patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective, observational study in opioid-naive patients aged ≥75 years, with moderate to severe chronic pain (>6-month duration) and constipation, who initiated treatment with prolonged-release oxycodone/naloxone (OXN-PR)...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Mariana Del Grossi Moura, Luciane Cruz Lopes, Maique Weber Biavatti, Jason W Busse, Li Wang, Sean Alexander Kennedy, Neera Bhatnaga, Cristiane de Cássia Bergamaschi
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis affects 1 % of the world's population and is the most common cause of musculoskeletal impairment in the elderly. Herbal medications are commonly used in Brazil to manage symptoms associated with osteoarthritis, and some of them are financed by the Brazilian government; however, the effectiveness of most of these agents is uncertain. The aim was to systematically review the efficacy and safety of 13 oral herbal medications used in Brazil for the treatment of osteoarthritis...
2016: Systematic Reviews
Adel S Alagl
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the periodontal abscess as a possible oral clinical diagnostic criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus in the elderly. METHODS: In this clinical outpatient department, cross-sectional study of 84 months, 143 212 subjects between the ages of 40 and 84 years were screened for the presence of periodontal abscess. Relevant medical and dental histories were recorded using a questionnaire. The subjects who fulfilled the inclusion criteria of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus, presence of periodontal abscess, and absence of other systemic disease were referred for laboratory diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (HbA1c)...
May 8, 2016: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
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