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gastro intestinal bleed

Amit Shrivastava, Jagadeesh Singh Rampal, D Nageshwar Reddy, Guduru Venkat Rao
BACKGROUND: Gastro-Intestinal bleeding remains a frequent clinical dilemma and common cause of hospitalization, morbidity and mortality. CASE REPORT: We report a case of pseudo aneurysm of splenic artery developed after an episode of acute on chronic pancreatitis which was treated by direct percutaneous puncture of pseudoaneurysm and embolization by coils. CONCLUSIONS: The aim was to preserve the main splenic artery and avoid the complications of splenic artery embolization like infarcts and abscess...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
Ben G L Vanneste, Aswin L Hoffmann, Emile N van Lin, Lien Van De Voorde, Michael Pinkawa, Philippe Lambin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies confirmed that implantable rectum spacers (IRS) decreased acute gastro-intestinal (GI) toxicity in a significant percentage of prostate cancer patients undergoing intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). We developed decision rules based on clinical risk factors (CRFs) to select those patients who are expected to benefit most from IRS implantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For 26 patients dose distributions with (IMRT+IRS) and without (IMRT-IRS) IRS were calculated...
September 16, 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Anine H Stam, Parul H Kothari, Aisha Shaikh, Andreas Gschwendter, Joanna C Jen, Suzanne Hodgkinson, Todd A Hardy, Michael Hayes, Peter A Kempster, Katya E Kotschet, Ingeborg M Bajema, Sjoerd G van Duinen, Marion L C Maat-Schieman, Paulus T V M de Jong, Marc D de Smet, Didi de Wolff-Rouendaal, Greet Dijkman, Nadine Pelzer, Grant R Kolar, Robert E Schmidt, JoAnne Lacey, Daniel Joseph, David R Fintak, M Gilbert Grand, Elizabeth M Brunt, Helen Liapis, Rula A Hajj-Ali, Mark C Kruit, Mark A van Buchem, Martin Dichgans, Rune R Frants, Arn M J M van den Maagdenberg, Joost Haan, Robert W Baloh, John P Atkinson, Gisela M Terwindt, Michel D Ferrari
Cerebroretinal vasculopathy, hereditary vascular retinopathy, and hereditary endotheliopathy, retinopathy, nephropathy and stroke are neurovascular syndromes initially described as distinct entities. Recently they were shown to be one disease caused by C-terminal frame-shift mutations in TREX1, which was termed 'retinal vasculopathy with cerebral leukodystrophy'. Here we defined the genetic and clinicopathologic spectrum of this clinically and pathophysiologically poorly characterized and frequently misdiagnosed fatal neurovascular disorder...
September 6, 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Johannes T H Nielen, Pieter C Dagnelie, Pieter J Emans, Nicole Veldhorst-Janssen, Arief Lalmohamed, Tjeerd-Pieter van Staa, Annelies E R C H Boonen, Bart J F van den Bemt, Frank de Vries
BACKGROUND: There has been much debate recently on the best type of thromboprophylaxis following elective total joint replacement surgery. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare rates of venous thromboembolism (VTE), gastro-intestinal (GI) bleeding and mortality events, with use of new oral anticoagulants (NOAC) or low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) compared with aspirin in patients undergoing total joint replacement. METHODS: A population-based retrospective cohort study was performed using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink...
September 4, 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Mary Tao, Eran Shlomovitz, Gail Darling, Graham Roche-Nagle
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair for thoracic aortic aneurysms is an accepted alternative to open surgery, especially in patients with significant comorbidities. The procedure itself has a low risk of complications and fistulas to surrounding organs are rarely reported. An 86-year-old patient was admitted to our hospital with gastro intestinal (GI) bleeding and a suspected aortoesophageal fistula. Eight months prior, the patient had undergone a stent graft repair of a mycotic thoracic aneurysm. Computerized tomography angiography and upper GI endoscopy confirmed an aortoesophageal fistula, which was treated by esophageal stenting...
August 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Stephen Morris
BACKGROUND: Omeprazole by intravenous infusion is occasionally warranted in children during episodes of acute upper gastro-intestinal bleeding. This is to ensure the continued suppression of stomach acid to reduce the of risk of re-bleeding.Current practice in UK paediatric intensive care units varies, but the use of 160 mg/1.73 m(3) over 24 hour has previously been reported.1 This is commonly prepared as a 0.8 mg/ml solution changed either at 12 or 24 hrs after preparation depending on reference source used...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Fiona M Walter, Jon D Emery, Silvia Mendonca, Nicola Hall, Helen C Morris, Katie Mills, Christina Dobson, Clare Bankhead, Margaret Johnson, Gary A Abel, Matthew D Rutter, William Hamilton, Greg P Rubin
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to investigate symptoms, clinical factors and socio-demographic factors associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis and time to diagnosis. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of participants referred for suspicion of CRC in two English regions. Data were collected using a patient questionnaire, primary care and hospital records. Descriptive and regression analyses examined associations between symptoms and patient factors with total diagnostic interval (TDI), patient interval (PI), health system interval (HSI) and stage...
August 23, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
O V Ligonenko, A V Yaroshenko, S V Purdenko, O Yu Bodulyev, I I Digtyar, M I Kravtsiv, O V Storozhenko, L I Gorb, V I Lyakhovskyi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Klinichna Khirurhiia
Pierfranco Terrosu
The net clinical benefit of aspirin in primary prevention is uncertain as the reduction in occlusive events needs to be balanced against the increase in gastro-intestinal and cerebral bleedings. The meta-analysis of ATT (Anti Thrombotic Trialists) Collaboration in 2009 showed that aspirin therapy in primary prevention was associated with 12% reduction in cardio-vascular events, due mainly to a reduction in non-fatal myocardial infarction (0.18% vs 0.23% per year, p<0.0001). However, the benefit in term of coronary events was almost balanced by the increase in major bleedings...
2016: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
Ezekiel Uba Nwose, Kwang Choon Yee
INTRODUCTION: Drug-disease interactions include the impact of a drug and a particular disease condition on each other. However, the current practice in addressing drug-disease interaction is unbalanced and mostly limited to how the drug worsens the disease or health condition. AREAS COVERED: Aspirin and gastric ulcer interaction are used as an example to illustrate this concept, especially the narration of how disease affects drug efficacy. The number of molecules that make up 100 mg of aspirin is identified with a view to discuss the pharmacokinetics, especially in terms of absorption and distribution...
September 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
Sherief Abd-Elsalam, Abdelrahman Kobtan, Ferial El-Kalla, Walaa Elkhalawany, Sally El Nawasany, Sabry Abou Saif, Mohamed Yousef, Lobna Abo Ali, Samah Soliman, Loai Mansour, Eslam Habba, Hanan Soliman, Fatma Rizk, Mona Ah Shehata
As there are increasing reports of fluoroquinolone resistance on use as a first- or second-line treatment for Helicobacter pylori (H pylori), we aimed at evaluation of the efficacy and safety of nitazoxanide-based regimen as a rescue regimen in Egyptian patients whose previous traditional treatment for H pylori infection failed.In total, 100 patients from the outpatient clinic of the Tropical medicine department, Tanta University hospital in whom the standard triple therapy (clarithromycin-based triple therapy) failed were enrolled in the study...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
J Matthies, C Hünseler, R Ehren, R Volland, F Körber, B Hoppe, L T Weber, S Habbig
BACKGROUND: Shigatoxin-associated haemolytic uremic syndrome (STEC-HUS) is the most frequent cause of acute kidney injury in children worldwide. Extrarenal manifestations are the main determinants for both, short- and long-term prognosis of patients with STEC-HUS. PATIENTS: 46 patients treated over the last 10 years for STEC-HUS in a single center. METHODS: This retrospective study analysed the incidence and outcome of extrarenal manifestations in our cohort of children with STEC-HUS...
July 2016: Klinische Pädiatrie
D Thabut, M Mallet, S Tripon, M Rudler, N Weiss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Pranav Honnavara Srinivasan, Joji I Maliekal, Chaganty Saikiran Reddy, Sriharsha Suda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Fleur T van de Wetering, Leen Verleye, H Jervoise N Andreyev, Jane Maher, Joan Vlayen, Bradley R Pieters, Geertjan van Tienhoven, Rob J P M Scholten
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2002, and previously updated in 2007. Late radiation rectal problems (proctopathy) include bleeding, pain, faecal urgency, and incontinence and may develop after pelvic radiotherapy treatment for cancer. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of non-surgical interventions for managing late radiation proctopathy. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (Issue 11, 2015); MEDLINE (Ovid); EMBASE (Ovid); CANCERCD; Science Citation Index; and CINAHL from inception to November 2015...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Bassem M Abou Hussein, Ali A Khammas, Ali M Al Ani, Abeer H Swaleh, Sameer A Al Awadhi, Yousif H El Tayyeb, Alya S Al-Mazrouei, Faisal M Badri
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a serious disease, with substantial morbidity and mortality. The endoscopic placement of an intragastric balloon (IGB) in association with a low-calorie diet is an option for the treatment of obesity. IGB complications include dislocation of the balloon causing intestinal obstruction, upper gastro-intestinal bleeding and perforation, especially during balloon insertion or removal. Our work aims at decreasing the morbidity of open laparotomy in the management of such gastric perforations...
May 2016: Obesity Surgery
Chern-En Chiang, Kang-Ling Wang, Shing-Jong Lin
Atrial fibrillation (AF) has become a major health burden in Asia. It is estimated that in year 2050 Asia will have 72 million AF patients, and 2.9 million among them will suffer from AF-associated stroke. Asian AF patients have similar cardiovascular co-morbidities as westerns, and the recently developed CHA2DS2-VASc score remains valid in predicting stroke risk in Asians, outperforming other scoring systems. There is little evidence supporting a role of aspirin in preventing AF-associated stroke in Asians...
October 2015: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Raakhi K Tripathi, Somesh S Bolegave, Parvan A Shetty, Dinesh A Uchil, Nirmala N Rege, Mukesh B Chawda, Sameer A Rege
BACKGROUND: The medical management of hemorrhoids should include an integrated approach. This integrated approach can be achieved by polyherbal formulations containing anti-inflammatory, styptics, analgesics, and laxative effect which reduce inflammation, pain, and bleeding, and increase gastro-intestinal motility and soften stools. One such polyherbal kit is "Arshkeyt™, a 7 day kit," which consists of oral tablets and powder along with topical cream. OBJECTIVE: Efficacy and safety of Arshkeyt™, a 7 day kit, a marketed polyherbal formulation was evaluated in comparison with conventional therapy practiced in surgery outpatient departments...
October 2015: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Anna Maria Ierardi, Josè Urbano, Giuseppe De Marchi, Camilla Micieli, Ejona Duka, Francesca Iacobellis, Federico Fontana, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Embolization is currently proposed as the first step in the treatment of acute, life-threatening LGIB, when endoscopic approach is not possible or is unsuccessful. Like most procedures performed in emergency setting, time represents a significant factor influencing outcome. Modern tools permit identifying and reaching the bleeding site faster than two-dimensional angiography. Non-selective cone-beam CT arteriography can identify a damaged vessel...
2016: British Journal of Radiology
Saddiq Mohammad Qazi, Eske Jesper Sindby, Martin Agge Nørgaard
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative pain-management with non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs has been controversial, due to related side-effects. We investigated whether there was a significant difference between an oxycodone-based pain-management regimen versus a slow-release ibuprofen based regimen, in a short term post-cardiac surgery setting. Particular attention was given to the rate of myocardial infarction, sternal healing, gastro-intestinal complications, renal failure and all-cause mortality...
2015: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
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