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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126039/the-resistance-to-failure-of-spring-ligament-reconstruction
#1
Chandra Pasapula, Adam Devany, Nicole C Fischer, Coen A Wijdicks, Tim Hübner, Franziska Reifenscneider, Sajid Shariff
INTRODUCTION: The spring ligament (SL) is increasingly recognised as the major structure that fails in acquired adult flatfoot deformity (AAFD). This is the first study that demonstrates integrity of repair of the SL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Six pairs of fresh frozen cadavers were setup in a standardised fashion with ankle in plantargrade (mean age 59 years, BMI 25). A 25N lateral force was applied to the medial metatarsal head using an algometer. Lateral displacement of the foot was measured with SL intact, sectioned, following FibreWire(®) repair, then Arthrex InternalBrace (IB) reconstruction, then with selective sectioning of each limb of the IB reconstruction...
June 3, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105095/minimally-invasive-technique-for-coxofemoral-luxation-stabilisation-using-transarticular-toggle-system-a-cadaveric-study
#2
U Segal, J Shani, R Joseph
OBJECTIVE: To present a novel, semi-closed, surgical technique for coxofemoral luxation stabilisation using a transarticular toggle rod. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Craniodorsal luxation was generated by transecting the ligamentum teres in 12 coxofemoral joints and was then reduced using a closed technique. Anteversion and inclination angles were measured using fluoroscopic projections. An arthroscope was inserted through a bone tunnel drilled from the third trochanter through the femoral neck...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099894/effects-of-platelet-rich-plasma-and-indomethacin-on-biomechanics-of-rotator-cuff-repair
#3
Molly C Meadows, David M Levy, Christopher M Ferry, Thomas R Gardner, Takeshi Teratani, Christopher S Ahmad
We conducted a study to determine if platelet-rich plasma (PRP) enhances the strength of rotator cuff repair (RCR) and if concomitant use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) affects PRP efficacy. We also wanted to determine the optimal centrifugation protocol for making PRP from rats. This study used 48 rats, 14 in a centrifugation protocol and 34 in an operative protocol. Six syngeneic rats from the operative group were used as PRP blood donors; the other 28 operative rats underwent bilateral RCRs...
September 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079242/fibulocalcaneal-impingement-in-a-growing-child-with-otherwise-asymptomatic-talocalcaneal-coalition
#4
G Ulrich Exner, Hilaire A C Jacob, Gerardo J Maquieira
Subfibular impingement has been described in patients with flatfoot. It possibly occurs with valgus deformity associated with talocalcaneal coalition. We observed symptomatic unilateral fibular impingement initially on the left foot of an 11-year-old female with an otherwise asymptomatic bilateral talocalcaneal coalition. From the age of 8 years, she had complained of pain around the left fibular tip. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a partial talocalcaneal coalition. At 10 years of age, it was questioned whether the pain was related to the coalition...
November 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965688/radiographic-changes-differ-between-two-different-short-press-fit-humeral-stem-designs-in-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#5
Patrick J Denard, Matthew P Noyes, J Brock Walker, Yousef Shishani, Reuben Gobezie, Anthony A Romeo, Evan Lederman
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the radiographic changes of the humerus in the short term after total shoulder arthroplasty with two different short-stem humeral components. The hypothesis was that there would be no difference in radiographic changes or functional outcome based on component type. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of primary total shoulder arthroplasties performed with a short press-fit humeral component. Group A included a collarless humeral stem with an oval geometry and curved stem (Ascend or Ascend Flex; Wright Medical, Memphis, TN, USA)...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935379/knotless-double-row-suturebridge-rotator-cuff-repairs-have-improved-self-reinforcement-compared-with-double-row-suturebridge-repairs-with-tied-medial-knots-a-biomechanical-study-using-an-ovine-model
#6
Geoffrey C S Smith, Theresia M Bouwmeester, Patrick H Lam
BACKGROUND: In double-row SutureBridge (Arthrex, Naples, FL, USA) rotator cuff repairs, increasing tendon load may generate progressively greater compression forces at the repair footprint (self-reinforcement). SutureBridge rotator cuff repairs using tied horizontal mattress sutures medially may limit this effect compared with a knotless construct. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rotator cuff repairs were performed in 9 pairs of ovine shoulders. One group underwent repair with a double-row SutureBridge construct with tied horizontal medial-row mattress sutures...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863319/comparison-of-mechanical-compressive-properties-of-commercial-and-autologous-fibrin-glues-for-tissue-engineering-applications
#7
Matthew G Cravens, Anthony W Behn, Jason L Dragoo
BACKGROUND: Fibrin glues are widely used in orthopedic surgery as adhesives and hemostatic agents. We evaluated the compressive properties of selected fibrin glues in order to identify which are appropriate for tissue regeneration applications subject to compression. METHODS: Uniaxial unconfined compression tests were performed on fibrin gels prepared from commercial and autologous products: (1) Evicel (Ethicon), (2) Tisseel (Baxter), (3) Angel (Arthrex), and (4) ProPlaz (Biorich)...
August 23, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861851/a-comparison-between-two-double-button-endoscopically-assisted-surgical-techniques-for-the-treatment-acute-acromioclavicular-dislocations
#8
P Vulliet, M Le Hanneur, V Cladiere, P Loriaut, P Boyer
PURPOSE: To compare clinical and radiological outcomes between two endoscopically assisted double-button techniques in high-grade acute acromioclavicular separations. METHODS: A retrospective single-center study was conducted in patients with acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation Rockwood types III and V, from 2009 to 2014. All were treated endoscopically, with a 1-year minimum follow-up. Two consecutive series were conducted; the first (TR group) received the TightRope(®) system, whereas last series (DB group) was treated with the Dog Bone(®) button technology (Arthrex, Naples, FL, USA)...
August 31, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815297/leukocyte-reduced-platelet-rich-plasma-increases-proliferation-of-tenocytes-treated-with-prednisolone-a-cell-cycle-analysis
#9
Franz Hilber, Markus Loibl, Siegmund Lang, Maximilian Kerschbaum, Gero Brockhoff, Peter Angele, Johannes Zellner, Paul Schmitz, Michael Nerlich, Michael Worlicek
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of allogenic leukocyte-reduced platelet-rich plasma on human tenocytes after treatment with prednisolone and to develop a standardization of its application for clinical practice. METHODS: A leukocyte-reduced PRP was produced using the Arthrex Double Syringe (Arthrex, Inc., Naples, FL, USA), in a modified single-spin separation method. Human tenocytes were isolated from discarded rotator cuff segments...
October 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743379/a-novel-hydroxyapatite-based-screw-like-device-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-acl-reconstructions
#10
Thomas C Schumacher, Kamen Tushtev, Ulrich Wagner, Caroline Becker, Marzellus Große Holthaus, Sebastian B Hein, Janne Haack, Christian Heiss, Markus Engelhardt, Thaqif El Khassawna, Kurosch Rezwan
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most common injuries of the knee. Common techniques for ACL reconstruction require a graft fixation using interference screws. Nowadays, these interference screws are normally made of titanium or polymer/ceramic composites. The main challenge of application of a fixation device made entirely of bioactive ceramic is in relation to the low strength of such materials. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a novel geometry for a fixation device made of pure hydroxyapatite for ACL reconstructions that can overcome some problems of the titanium and the polymer/ceramic screws...
July 22, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734716/short-term-clinical-outcome-of-an-anatomic-short-stem-humeral-component-in-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#11
Anthony A Romeo, Robert J Thorsness, Shelby A Sumner, Reuben Gobezie, Evan S Lederman, Patrick J Denard
BACKGROUND: Short-stem press-fit humeral components have recently been developed in an effort to preserve bone in total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), but few studies have reported outcomes of these devices. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term clinical outcomes of an anatomic short-stem humeral component in TSA. We hypothesized that the implant would lead to significant functional improvement with low rates of radiographic loosening. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective review was performed of TSAs using an anatomic short-stem humeral component (Apex; Arthrex, Inc...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706813/all-inside-bicruciate-ligament-reconstruction-technique-a-focus-on-graft-tensioning-sequence
#12
Mathieu Thaunat, Gilles Clowez, Colin G Murphy, Antoine Desseaux, Tales Guimaraes, Jean Marie Fayard, Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet
Bicruciate ligament (BCL) reconstructions are challenging procedures. One of the main operative goals is to stabilize the knee in the correct anterior-posterior position. We present an all-inside arthroscopic BCL reconstruction technique using hamstring tendon grafts. Ipsilateral semitendinosus (ST) and gracilis tendons are used for TriLink (Arthrex, Naples, FL) double-bundle posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction and contralateral ST tendon is used for GraftLink (Arthrex) single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction...
June 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627315/bioabsorbable-fixation-screw-for-proximal-interphalangeal-arthrodesis-of-lesser-toe-deformities
#13
Jascha Armin Wendelstein, Peter Goger, Peter Bock, Reinhard Schuh, Priv Doz, Hans-Jörg Trnka
BACKGROUND: Although standard fixation of proximal interphalangeal (PIP) arthrodesis by K-wire is relatively inexpensive and well established, it does have some drawbacks, making newer fixation devices interesting. The aim of this study was to clinically and radiologically assess the operative correction of the lesser toe deformation in the form of a PIP arthrodesis using a bioabsorbable 2.7-mm fixation screw. METHODS: From January 2011 until October 2013, 34 patients underwent a PIP arthrodesis using the TRIM-IT (Arthrex) 2...
June 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580261/all-arthroscopic-coracoclavicular-ligament-reconstruction-surgical-technique-using-a-semitendinosus-allograft-and-tenodesis-screws
#14
Xinning Li, Anand Padmanabha, Justin Koh, Antonio Cusano
Acromioclavicular joint injuries account for 9% of shoulder girdle injuries and are most often associated with direct blows to the shoulder or axially directed forces onto the ipsilateral extremity. Type IV, V, and VI injuries are generally managed surgically, whereas type I and II injuries are treated with sling immobilization, early shoulder range of motion, and physical therapy. Type III injuries are more controversial but are generally managed surgically in the active and high-demand patient. When surgical treatment is indicated, the primary goal of a coracoclavicular (CC) ligament reconstruction is to restore anatomic reduction of the acromioclavicular joint and reconstruct the biomechanical forces of the CC ligaments...
April 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566788/patellar-tendon-re-rupture-on-the-opposite-end-of-the-previous-site-of-surgical-repair
#15
Bryan Thean Howe Koh, Andrew A Sayampanathan, Keng Thiam Lee
We describe a rare case of a patellar tendon "re-rupture" at the opposite end of a previous proximal tendon repair. A 32-year-old male with a history of surgically repaired right proximal patellar tendon rupture presented with an acute non-traumatic right knee pain and instability during sports. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed a complete rupture of his distal patellar tendon at the tibial tuberosity. The patellar tendon was repaired using two 5.5 mm BioCorkscrews (Arthrex) inserted into the tibial tuberosity; the tendon was stitched with the No...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451619/tape-versus-suture-in-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-biomechanical-analysis-and-assessment-of-failure-rates-at-6-months
#16
Rui Wen Liu, Patrick Hong Lam, Henry M Shepherd, George A C Murrell
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff retears after surgical repair are associated with poorer subjective and objectives clinical outcomes than intact repairs. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to (1) examine the biomechanical differences between rotator cuff repair using No. 2 suture and tape in an ovine model and (2) compare early clinical outcomes between patients who had rotator cuff repair with tape and patients who had repair with No. 2 suture. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study and cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
April 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409108/hamstring-graft-biological-preparation-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#17
Nuno Camelo Barbosa, Francisco Guerra-Pinto, Claudia Cabeleira, Pedro Beja da Costa
The all-inside anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) success depends on biologic integration of the graft in the bone tunnel. Sutures wrapping the tendon in the bone tunnel may affect tendon-bone healing in shorter bone tunnels. To achieve better graft integration, we propose a variation of the graft link suture technique wherein the graft is linked chain-like to the femoral and tibial TightRope (Arthrex), which increases the tendon-bone contact area by eliminating sutures from the noose of the graft and thus may allow better graft integration...
February 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373939/the-double-bankart-bridge-a-technique-for-restoration-of-the-labral-footprint-in-arthroscopic-shoulder-instability-repair
#18
Mohamed Aboalata, Abdelsamie Halawa, Yehia Basyoni
It has been proved by many researchers in the last few years that arthroscopic capsulolabral repair is an efficient method for surgical management of anteroinferior shoulder instability. Different arthroscopic techniques using different fixation devices and constructs have been described in the literature, but the suture anchors were the most used implants to shift the inferiorly displaced capsulolabral complex and fix it to the glenoid. In the majority of these techniques, the anchors concentrate the load at specific points (e...
February 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372966/palmaris-longus-tendon-graft-versus-modified-weaver-dunn-procedure-via-dynamic-button-system-for-acromioclavicular-joint-reconstruction-in-chronic-cases
#19
Baris Kocaoglu, Tekin Kerem Ulku, Arel Gereli, Mustafa Karahan, Metin Türkmen
BACKGROUND: The hypothesis of this clinical study was that coracoclavicular (CC) reconstruction using autogenic palmaris longus graft through the GraftRope (PLG) system (Arthrex, Inc., Naples, FL, USA) would provide superior clinical and radiologic results compared with modified Weaver-Dunn procedure with the dynamic TightRope (Arthrex, Inc.) system (WDT). METHODS: Between 2008 and 2013, 32 patients (average age, 39.7 years; range, 22-60 years) underwent surgical reconstruction of chronic acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation...
September 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269759/effects-of-different-concentrations-of-platelet-rich-plasma-and-platelet-poor-plasma-on-vitality-and-differentiation-of-autologous-adipose-tissue-derived-stem-cells
#20
Oliver Felthaus, Lukas Prantl, Mona Skaff-Schwarze, Silvan Klein, Alexandra Anker, Marco Ranieri, Britta Kuehlmann
BACKGROUND: Autologous fat grafts and adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) can be used to treat soft tissue defects. However, the results are inconsistent and sometimes comprise tissue resorption and necrosis. This might be due to insufficient vascularization. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a source of concentrated autologous platelets. The growth factors and cytokines released by platelets can facilitate angiogenesis. The simultaneous use of PRP might improve the regeneration potential of fat grafts...
2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
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