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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920425/a-far-red-emitting-fluorescence-probe-for-sensitive-and-selective-detection-of-peroxynitrite-in-live-cells-and-tissues
#1
Di Wu, Jae-Chan Ryu, Youn Wook Chung, Dayoung Lee, Ji-Hwan Ryu, Joo Heon Yoon, Juyoung Yoon
In this study, the far-red emitting fluorescence probe 1, containing a rhodamine derivative and a hydrazide reactive group, was developed for peroxynitrite detection and imaging. This probe, which is cell permeable and shows high sensitivity and selectivity in fluorometric detection of peroxynitrite over other ROS/RNS, was successfully utilized to detect exogenous and endogenous peroxynitrite in HeLa and RAW 264.7 cells, respectively. More importantly, 1 can also be used to detect endogenous peroxynitrite generated in Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PAO1) infected mouse bone marrow-derived neutrophils...
September 18, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917680/effusive-constrictive-pericarditis-after-pericardiocentesis-incidence-associated-findings-and-natural-history
#2
Kye Hun Kim, William R Miranda, Larry J Sinak, Faisal F Syed, Rowlens M Melduni, Raul E Espinosa, Garvan C Kane, Jae K Oh
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the incidence, associated findings, and natural history of effusive-constrictive pericarditis (ECP) after pericardiocentesis. BACKGROUND: ECP is characterized by the coexistence of tense pericardial effusion and constriction of the heart by the visceral pericardium. Echocardiography is currently the main diagnostic tool in the assessment of pericardial disease, but limited data have been published on the incidence and prognosis of ECP diagnosed by echo-Doppler...
September 9, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916879/a-score-combining-baseline-neutrophilia-and-primary-tumor-suvpeak-measured-from-fdg-pet-is-associated-with-outcome-in-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer
#3
Antoine Schernberg, Sylvain Reuze, Fanny Orlhac, Irène Buvat, Laurent Dercle, Roger Sun, Elaine Limkin, Alexandre Escande, Christine Haie-Meder, Eric Deutsch, Cyrus Chargari, Charlotte Robert
PURPOSE: We investigated whether a score combining baseline neutrophilia and a PET biomarker could predict outcome in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC). METHODS: Patients homogeneously treated with definitive chemoradiation plus image-guided adaptive brachytherapy (IGABT) between 2006 and 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. We divided patients into two groups depending on the PET device used: a training set (TS) and a validation set (VS). Primary tumors were semi-automatically delineated on PET images, and 11 radiomics features were calculated (LIFEx software)...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906034/small-airway-disease-a-different-phenotype-of-early-stage-copd-associated-with-biomass-smoke-exposure
#4
Dongxing Zhao, Yumin Zhou, Changbin Jiang, Zhuxiang Zhao, Fang He, Pixin Ran
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic exposure to biomass smoke (BS) can significantly compromise pulmonary function and lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). To determine whether BS exposure induces a unique phenotype of COPD from an early stage, with different physiopathological features compared with COPD associated with smoking (cigarette-smoke (CS) COPD), we assessed the physiopathology of early COPD associated with BS exposure (BS COPD) by incorporating spirometry, high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) imaging, bronchoscopy and pathological examinations...
September 14, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887431/neutrophil-derived-cytosolic-pla2%C3%AE-contributes-to-bacterial-induced-neutrophil-transepithelial-migration
#5
Lael M Yonker, Michael A Pazos, Bernard B Lanter, Hongmei Mou, Kengyeh K Chu, Alexander D Eaton, Joseph V Bonventre, Guillermo J Tearney, Jayaraj Rajagopal, Bryan P Hurley
Eicosanoids are a group of bioactive lipids that are shown to be important mediators of neutrophilic inflammation; selective targeting of their function confers therapeutic benefit in a number of diseases. Neutrophilic airway diseases, including cystic fibrosis, are characterized by excessive neutrophil infiltration into the airspace. Understanding the role of eicosanoids in this process may reveal novel therapeutic targets. The eicosanoid hepoxilin A3 is a pathogen-elicited epithelial-produced neutrophil chemoattractant that directs transepithelial migration in response to infection...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874459/protease-activated-receptor-2-activates-airway-apical-membrane-chloride-permeability-and-increases-ciliary-beating
#6
Derek B McMahon, Alan D Workman, Michael A Kohanski, Ryan M Carey, Jenna R Freund, Benjamin M Hariri, Bei Chen, Laurel J Doghramji, Nithin D Adappa, James N Palmer, David W Kennedy, Robert J Lee
Mucociliary clearance, driven by the engine of ciliary beating, is the primary physical airway defense against inhaled pathogens and irritants. A better understanding of the regulation of ciliary beating and mucociliary transport is necessary for identifying new receptor targets to stimulate improved clearance in airway diseases, such as cystic fibrosis and chronic rhinosinusitis. In this study, we examined the protease-activated receptor (PAR)-2, a GPCR previously shown to regulate airway cell cytokine and mucus secretion, and transepithelial Cl(-) current...
September 5, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873345/neutrophil-chemotaxis-and-transcriptomics-in-term-and-preterm-neonates
#7
Steven L Raymond, Brittany J Mathias, Tyler J Murphy, Jaimar C Rincon, María Cecilia López, Ricardo Ungaro, Felix Ellett, Julianne Jorgensen, James L Wynn, Henry V Baker, Lyle L Moldawer, Daniel Irimia, Shawn D Larson
Neutrophils play a crucial role in combating life-threatening bacterial infections in neonates. Previous studies investigating neonatal cell function have been limited because of restricted volume sampling. Here, using novel microfluidic approaches, we provide the first description of neutrophil chemotaxis and transcriptomics from whole blood of human term and preterm neonates, as well as young adults. Ex vivo percent cell migration, neutrophil velocity, and directionality to N-formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine were measured from whole blood using time-lapse imaging of microfluidic chemotaxis...
September 1, 2017: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871936/xanthoma-like-skin-changes-in-an-elderly-woman-with-a-normal-lipid-profile
#8
Piotr Nockowski, Zdzisław Woźniak, Adam Reich, Joanna Maj
Dear Editor, An 83-year-old woman developed yellow-brownish infiltrates, nodules, and tumors mimicking xanthomas, mostly involving the periorbital and chest area within three months (Figure 1). She had no abnormalities in serum cholesterol or triglycerides levels. A detailed laboratory analysis revealed the presence of mild monoclonal gammopathy with a presence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) kappa light chains; however, according to hematologist consultation, it did not require medical intervention. Imaging assessment and ultrasound examination did not show any specific involvement of internal organs...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857707/comparison-of-clinical-findings-between-dogs-with-suspected-anaphylaxis-and-dogs-with-confirmed-sepsis
#9
Andrea M Walters, Mauria A O'Brien, Laura E Selmic, Maureen A McMichael
OBJECTIVE To compare clinical signs, laboratory test results, and imaging findings between dogs with suspected anaphylaxis and dogs with sepsis. DESIGN Retrospective case-case study. ANIMALS 10 dogs with suspected anaphylaxis and 22 dogs with confirmed sepsis that met the criteria for systemic inflammatory response syndrome. PROCEDURES Medical records for dogs in each group were reviewed and data extracted regarding signalment; reason for hospital admission; physical examination findings; results of CBC, serum biochemical analysis, coagulation testing, cytologic examination, and microbial culture; and imaging reports...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855429/acute-blindness-in-a-dog-with-acinetobacter-associated-postencephalitic-hydrocephalus
#10
Jung-Hyun Kim, Ji-Hee Jeon, Kang-Hyo Park, Hun-Young Yoon, Joon-Young Kim
A 10-month-old male Welsh Corgi with a history of acute blindness underwent neuro-ophthalmological testing and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Vision testing revealed complete visual deficits but the electroretinograph and pupillary light reflex were normal in both eyes. The motor and sensory functions of the eyelids and eyes were also normal. The MRI revealed compression of the optic chiasm caused by severe ventriculomegaly in the lateral and third ventricles. Such lesions are associated with inflammatory stenotic lesions in the mesencephalic aqueduct...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840521/utility-of-serum-inflammatory-markers-for-predicting-microvascular-invasion-and-survival-for-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
Jian Zheng, Ken Seier, Mithat Gonen, Vinod P Balachandran, T Peter Kingham, Michael I D'Angelica, Peter J Allen, William R Jarnagin, Ronald P DeMatteo
BACKGROUND: Preoperative serum inflammatory markers have been correlated with outcome after resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but studies have had conflicting results. This study aimed to evaluate the association of six inflammatory markers with recurrence-free survival (RFS), overall survival (OS), and microvascular invasion (MVI), a well-known prognostic factor. METHODS: This study investigated 370 patients who underwent resection of HCC from 1992 to 2016, retrospectively evaluating their inflammatory indices and individual components including their neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), and aspartate aminotransferase-to-neutrophil ratio index (ANRI)...
August 24, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830331/vascular-imaging-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-activity-as-an-informative-preclinical-biomarker-of-drug-induced-vascular-injury
#12
Raymond J Gonzalez, Shu-An Lin, Bohumil Bednar, Brett Connolly, Lisa LaFranco-Scheuch, Gebre M Mesfin, Thomas Philip, Shetal Patel, Timothy Johnson, Frank D Sistare, Warren E Glaab
Lack of biomarkers specific to and either predictive or diagnostic of drug-induced vascular injury (DIVI) continues to be a major obstacle during drug development. Biomarkers derived from physiologic responses to vessel injury, such as inflammation and vascular remodeling, could make good candidates; however, they characteristically lack specificity for vasculature. We evaluated whether vascular remodeling-associated protease activity, as well as changes to vessel permeability resulting from DIVI, could be visualized ex vivo in affected vessels, thereby allowing for visual monitoring of the pathology to address specificity...
July 2017: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821572/rolling-neutrophils-form-tethers-and-slings-under-physiologic-conditions-in-vivo
#13
Alex Marki, Konrad Buscher, Zbigniew Mikulski, Axel Pries, Klaus Ley
Human and mouse neutrophils are known to form tethers when rolling on selectins in vitro. Tethers are ∼0.2 μm thin, ∼5-10 μm-long structures behind rolling cells that can swing around to form slings that serve as self-adhesive substrates. Here, we developed a mouse intravital imaging method, where the neutrophil surface is labeled by injecting fluorescently labeled mAb to Ly-6G. Venules in the cremaster muscle of live mice were imaged at a high frame rate using a confocal microscope equipped with a fast resonant scanner...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814754/unveiling-cerebral-leishmaniasis-parasites-and-brain-inflammation-in-leishmania-donovani-infected-mice
#14
Guilherme D Melo, Sophie Goyard, Laurence Fiette, Alexandre Boissonnas, Christophe Combadiere, Gisele F Machado, Paola Minoprio, Thierry Lang
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a systemic disease with multifaceted clinical manifestations, including neurological signs, however, the involvement of the nervous system during VL is underestimated. Accordingly, we investigated both brain infection and inflammation in a mouse model of VL. Using bioluminescent Leishmania donovani and real-time 2D-3D imaging tools, we strikingly detected live parasites in the brain, where we observed a compartmentalized dual-phased inflammation pattern: an early phase during the first two weeks post-infection, with the prompt arrival of neutrophils and Ly6C(high) macrophages in an environment presenting a variety of pro-inflammatory mediators (IFN-γ, IL-1β, CXCL-10/CXCR-3, CCL-7/CCR-2), but with an intense anti-inflammatory response, led by IL-10; and a re-inflammation phase three months later, extremely pro-inflammatory, with novel upregulation of mediators, including IL-1β, TNF-α and MMP-9...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811631/development-of-a-primary-human-co-culture-model-of-inflamed-airway-mucosa
#15
Lael M Yonker, Hongmei Mou, Kengyeh K Chu, Michael A Pazos, Huimin Leung, Dongyao Cui, Jinhyeob Ryu, Rhianna M Hibbler, Alexander D Eaton, Tim N Ford, J R Falck, T Bernard Kinane, Guillermo J Tearney, Jayaraj Rajagopal, Bryan P Hurley
Neutrophil breach of the mucosal surface is a common pathological consequence of infection. We present an advanced co-culture model to explore neutrophil transepithelial migration utilizing airway mucosal barriers differentiated from primary human airway basal cells and examined by advanced imaging. Human airway basal cells were differentiated and cultured at air-liquid interface (ALI) on the underside of 3 µm pore-sized transwells, compatible with the study of transmigrating neutrophils. Inverted ALIs exhibit beating cilia and mucus production, consistent with conventional ALIs, as visualized by micro-optical coherence tomography (µOCT)...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807980/cd177-modulates-human-neutrophil-migration-through-activation-mediated-integrin-and-chemoreceptor-regulation
#16
Ming Bai, Ricardo Grieshaber-Bouyer, Junxia Wang, Angela B Schmider, Zachary S Wilson, Liling Zeng, Olha Halyabar, Matthew D Godin, Hung N Nguyen, Anaïs Levescot, Pierre Cunin, Craig T Lefort, Roy J Soberman, Peter A Nigrovic
CD177 is a GPI-anchored protein expressed by a variable proportion of human neutrophils that mediates surface expression of the anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) antigen proteinase 3. CD177 associates with β2 integrins and recognizes PECAM-1, suggesting a role in neutrophil migration. However, CD177(pos) neutrophils exhibit no clear migratory advantage in vivo, despite interruption of transendothelial migration by in vitro CD177 ligation. We sought to understand this paradox. Using a PECAM-1-independent transwell system, we found that CD177(pos) and CD177(neg) neutrophils migrated comparably...
August 14, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798144/frontline-science-leishmania-mexicana-amastigotes-can-replicate-within-neutrophils
#17
Benjamin P Hurrell, Manon Beaumann, Sandrina Heyde, Ivo B Regli, Andreas J Müller, Fabienne Tacchini-Cottier
Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease, causing a spectrum of clinical manifestations varying from self-healing to unhealing lesions that may be very difficult to treat. Emerging evidence points to a detrimental role for neutrophils during the first hours following infection with many distinct Leishmania species (spp.) at a time when the parasite is in its nonreplicative promastigote form. Neutrophils have also been detected at later stages of infection in unhealing chronic cutaneous lesions...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794361/nivolumab-induced-acute-fibrinous-and-organizing-pneumonia-afop
#18
Tsukasa Ishiwata, Takahiro Ebata, Shunichiro Iwasawa, Jun Matsushima, Satoshi Ota, Yukio Nakatani, Kenji Tsushima, Yuji Tada, Koichiro Tatsumi, Yuichi Takiguchi
Although nivolumab is known to cause immune-related interstitial lung diseases (ILD), the detailed characteristics of ILD are still not fully understood. A 68-year-old man was treated with nivolumab because of unresectable sinonasal melanoma, he achieved a complete response soon after the initiation of the therapy and a complete response was thereafter maintained for 30 weeks until the patient experienced dyspnea of subacute onset. CT images revealed patchy infiltrates and ground-glass opacifications. The bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) contained elevated percentages of lymphocytes (53%) and neutrophils (30%)...
August 10, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778000/non-proinflammatory-and-responsive-nanoplatforms-for-targeted-treatment-of-atherosclerosis
#19
Yin Dou, Yue Chen, Xiangjun Zhang, Xiaoqiu Xu, Yidan Chen, Jiawei Guo, Dinglin Zhang, Ruibing Wang, Xiaohui Li, Jianxiang Zhang
Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of many fatal cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Whereas nanomedicines are promising for targeted therapy of atherosclerosis, great challenges remain in development of effective, safe, and translational nanotherapies for its treatment. Herein we hypothesize that non-proinflammatory nanomaterials sensitive to low pH or high reactive oxygen species (ROS) may serve as effective platforms for triggerable delivery of anti-atherosclerotic therapeutics in cellular and tissue microenvironments of inflammation...
July 29, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775074/stasis-promotes-erythrocyte-adhesion-to-von-willebrand-factor
#20
Michel W J Smeets, Marjon J Mourik, Hans W M Niessen, Peter L Hordijk
OBJECTIVE: Venous thromboembolism is a major contributor to global disease burden. Leukocytes and platelets initiate thrombogenesis on blood stasis and initiate the formation of a fibrin, VWF (von Willebrand factor), and neutrophil extracellular trap scaffold for erythrocytes. However, there is little knowledge on how erythrocytes become stably incorporated into this scaffold. Recently, we described the adhesion of calcium-loaded erythrocytes to endothelial-derived VWF strings. Because VWF is part of the scaffold of venous thrombi, we questioned whether reduced flow or stasis promotes the adhesion of normal erythrocytes to VWF and whether venous thrombi show evidence of erythrocyte-VWF interactions...
September 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
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