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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097451/vrt-verbal-reasoning-test-a-new-test-for-assessment-of-verbal-reasoning-test-realization-and-italian-normative-data-from-a-multicentric-study
#1
Benedetta Basagni, Claudio Luzzatti, Eduardo Navarrete, Marina Caputo, Gessica Scrocco, Alessio Damora, Laura Giunchi, Paola Gemignani, Annarita Caiazzo, Maria Grazia Gambini, Renato Avesani, Mauro Mancuso, Luigi Trojano, Antonio De Tanti
Verbal reasoning is a complex, multicomponent function, which involves activation of functional processes and neural circuits distributed in both brain hemispheres. Thus, this ability is often impaired after brain injury. The aim of the present study is to describe the construction of a new verbal reasoning test (VRT) for patients with brain injury and to provide normative values in a sample of healthy Italian participants. Three hundred and eighty healthy Italian subjects (193 women and 187 men) of different ages (range 16-75 years) and educational level (primary school to postgraduate degree) underwent the VRT...
January 17, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097429/early-and-noninvasive-evaluation-using-superficial-temporal-artery-duplex-ultrasonography-after-indirect-bypass-for-adult-ischemic-moyamoya-disease
#2
Sayaka Ogawa, Hiroshi Abe, Toshiro Katsuta, Kenji Fukuda, Toshiyasu Ogata, Koichi Miki, Tooru Inoue
BACKGROUND: The validity of indirect bypass for adult patients with moyamoya disease is still debatable. Some patients are poor responders to indirect bypass, and additive intervention is occasionally required in these cases. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the development of collateral circulation as early as possible postoperatively. METHODS: Fifteen adult patients (>17 years old) with moyamoya disease (22 affected sides) who underwent encephalo-duro-arterio-synangiosis (EDAS) at Fukuoka University Hospital from April 2008 to August 2014 were included...
January 17, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096364/bilateral-recruitment-of-prefrontal-cortex-in-working-memory-is-associated-with-task-demand-but-not-with-age
#3
Melanie S Höller-Wallscheid, Peter Thier, Jörn K Pomper, Axel Lindner
Elderly adults may master challenging cognitive demands by additionally recruiting the cross-hemispheric counterparts of otherwise unilaterally engaged brain regions, a strategy that seems to be at odds with the notion of lateralized functions in cerebral cortex. We wondered whether bilateral activation might be a general coping strategy that is independent of age, task content and brain region. While using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we pushed young and old subjects to their working memory (WM) capacity limits in verbal, spatial, and object domains...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095921/papillary-fibroelastoma-of-the-aortic-valve-presenting-with-chronic-angina-and-acute-stroke-a-case-report
#4
Fan Zhang, Ziqiang Zhu, Gautham K Upadhya, Jiankun Tong, Vlad Gotlieb, Abdullah Khan, Rakesh P Gupta
BACKGROUND: Papillary fibroelastomas are rare, benign cardiac tumors that are often found on cardiac valvular surfaces. Most are incidental discoveries during surgery or autopsy. The clinical presentation of fibroelastoma varies widely, ranging from clinically asymptomatic to severe thromboembolic events. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of 65-year-old white man diagnosed with scattered, bilateral acute cerebral hemisphere infarcts with a history of chronic angina...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095350/progressive-multifocal-leukoencephalopathy-in-a-patient-with-systemic-mastocytosis-treated-with-cladribine
#5
Karl B Alstadhaug, Randi Fykse Halstensen, Francis Odeh
BACKGROUND: Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a rare opportunistic brain infection caused by the human polyomavirus JC (JCPyV). A particular problem with the drug cladribine seems to be prolonged suppression of the CD4+ T-cells, a well-known risk factor for PML. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 67-year-old male presented with a 3-weeks history of unsteady gait, dysarthria and a dysfunctional right arm. Seven years earlier, he had been diagnosed with urticaria pigmentosa, and 2 years later aggressive systemic mastocytosis...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094888/association-between-body-height-and-month-of-birth-among-women-of-european-origin-in-northern-and-southern-hemispheres
#6
Iwona Rosset, Elżbieta Żądzińska, Dominik Strapagiel, Agnieszka Grzelak, Maciej Henneberg
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the potential association between month of birth and body height among women in northern and southern hemispheres. METHODS: Body heights of adult women of European origin born between 1935 and 1981 who lived in Poland (N = 3,933) and in Australia (N = 1,118) were examined in relation to month of birth by analysis of variance. RESULTS: No association between month of birth and body height was observed in either Polish or Australian women...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094088/usefulness-of-multiparametric-computerized-tomography-findings-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-stroke-mimics-of-epileptic-origin-a-preliminary-study
#7
R López Ruiz, S Quintas, P Largo, M de Toledo, M T Carreras, A Gago-Veiga, R Manzanares, J Vivancos
OBJECTIVE: Thirty percent of the patients for whom code stroke is activated have stroke mimics, the most common being epilepsy. Our purpose was to evaluate the usefulness of multiparametric CT for differentiating between seizure-related symptoms and vascular events. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study; data were gathered prospectively during one year. We studied multiparametric CT images of patients admitted following code stroke activation and finally diagnosed with epilepsy...
January 13, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093358/mapping-the-functional-connectome-traits-of-levels-of-consciousness
#8
Enrico Amico, Daniele Marinazzo, Carol Di Perri, Lizette Heine, Jitka Annen, Charlotte Martial, Mario Dzemidzic, Murielle Kirsch, Vincent Bonhomme, Steven Laureys, Joaquín Goñi
Examining task-free functional connectivity (FC) in the human brain offers insights on how spontaneous integration and segregation of information relate to human cognition, and how this organization may be altered in different conditions, and neurological disorders. This is particularly relevant for patients in disorders of consciousness (DOC) following severe acquired brain damage and coma, one of the most devastating conditions in modern medical care. We present a novel data-driven methodology, connICA, which implements Independent Component Analysis (ICA) for the extraction of robust independent FC patterns (FC-traits) from a set of individual functional connectomes, without imposing any a priori data stratification into groups...
January 13, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092413/disruption-of-right-posterior-parietal-cortex-by-ctbs-alters-the-control-of-body-balance-in-quiet-stance
#9
David Kaulmann, Joachim Hermsdörfer, Leif Johannsen
Control of body balance relies on the integration of multiple sensory modalities. Lightly touching an earth-fixed reference augments the control of body sway. We aimed to advance the understanding of cortical integration of an afferent signal from light fingertip contact (LT) for the stabilisation of standing body balance. Assuming that right-hemisphere Posterior Parietal Cortex (rPPC) is involved in the integration and processing of touch for postural control, we expected that disrupting rPPC would attenuate any effects of light touch...
January 16, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091809/a-review-of-penetrating-brain-trauma-epidemiology-pathophysiology-imaging-assessment-complications-and-treatment
#10
REVIEW
Mona T Vakil, Ajay K Singh
Gunshot injuries are the most common cause of penetrating brain injury (PBI) and carry a high morbidity and mortality. The incidence of PBI has increased over the last decade with an estimated 35,000 civilian deaths annually. Patients that survive to reach the hospital require rapid triage and imaging evaluation. CT findings in conjunction with the Glasgow Coma Scale are typically used to determine which patients are surgical candidates. Radiologists should be familiar with the various injury patterns and imaging findings which are poor prognostic indicators, notably brainstem, bilateral hemispheric, multilobar, or transventricular injuries...
January 14, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091708/the-effect-of-motor-overflow-on-bimanual-asymmetric-force-coordination
#11
David A Cunningham, Sarah M Roelle, Didier Allexandre, Kelsey A Potter-Baker, Vishwanath Sankarasubramanian, Jayme S Knutson, Guang H Yue, Andre G Machado, Ela B Plow
Motor overflow, typically described in the context of unimanual movements, refers to the natural tendency for a 'resting' limb to move during movement of the opposite limb and is thought to be influenced by inter-hemispheric interactions and intra-cortical networks within the 'resting' hemisphere. It is currently unknown, however, how motor overflow contributes to asymmetric force coordination task accuracy, referred to as bimanual interference, as there is need to generate unequal forces and corticospinal output for each limb...
January 16, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091676/hemispherical-platinum%C3%A2-%C3%A2-silver-core%C3%A2-%C3%A2-shell-nanoparticles-for-mirna-detection
#12
Elaine Spain, Kellie Adamson, Mohammad Elshahawy, Isabella Bray, Tia E Keyes, Raymond L Stallings, Robert J Forster
Defects within a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of dodecanethiol on gold have been used as nucleation sites for the electrodeposition of mushroom shaped platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs). The top surfaces of these PtNPs were then decorated with a layer of silver creating a hemispherical - platinum : silver core : shell nanoparticle (Pt-AgNP). Thiolated probe strand miRNA was then immobilised onto the upper silver surface. These regioselectively modified particles were desorbed by applying a current jump to yield nanoparticles capable of hybridising to a complementary miRNA target with electrocatalysis occurring on the non-functionalized lower surface...
January 16, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090044/acute-multiple-cerebral-infarction-in-a-patient-with-an-accessory-mitral-valve
#13
Ikuo Misumi, Asako Nagao, Katsuya Iwamoto, Tsuyoshi Honda, Masanobu Ishii, Hidetsugu Ueyama, Yasushi Maeda, Masatoshi Ishizaki, Ryoichi Kurisaki, Toshio Okazaki, Tetsuji Yamashita, Akiko Fujimoto, Yumi Honda
A 96-year-old woman developed hemiparesis 2 weeks after orthopedic surgery. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple cerebral infarctions in the bilateral hemisphere. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a mobile structure attached to the anterior mitral leaflet that protruded toward the left ventricular outflow tract. The structure was identified as an accessory mitral valve. Doppler echocardiography showed that there was no significant left ventricular outflow obstruction. This is a rare case of a silent accessory mitral valve that was detected after multiple cerebral infarctions...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089970/spatial-working-memory-impairment-in-patients-with-non-neuropsychiatric-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-blood-oxygen-level-dependent-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#14
Chun-Min Zhu, Ye Ma, Lei Xie, Jin-Zhuang Huang, Zong-Bo Sun, Shou-Xing Duan, Zhi-Rong Lin, Jing-Jing Yin, Hong-Bo Le, Dan-Miao Sun, Wen-Can Xu, Shu-Hua Ma
OBJECTIVE: Using ethology and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to explore mild cognitive dysfunction and spatial working memory (WM) impairment in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) without overt neuropsychiatric symptoms (non-NPSLE) and to study whether any clinical biomarkers could serve as predictors of brain dysfunction in this disease. METHODS: Eighteen non-NPSLE patients and 18 matched subjects were all tested using the Montreal cognitive assessment scale test and scanned using blood-oxygen-level dependent fMRI while performing the n-back task to investigate the activation intensity of some cognition-related areas...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089461/chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-in-association-with-a-ranula-a-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Scott M Peters, Chang Han, Angela J Yoon, Elizabeth M Philipone
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), an indolent neoplasm of B lymphocytes, is the most common adult leukemia in the Western Hemisphere. Despite this, however, the intraoral presentation of CLL is quite rare. We report the case of an 83-year-old woman with CLL incidentally involving minor salivary glands in association with a ranula (floor-of-mouth mucocele).
November 22, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088609/leukemia-inhibitory-factor-impairs-structural-and-neurochemical-development-of-rat-visual-cortex-in-vivo
#16
Maren Engelhardt, Graziella di Cristo, Jochen Grabert, Silke Patz, Lamberto Maffei, Nicoletta Berardi, Petra Wahle
Minipump infusions into visual cortex in vivo at the onset of the critical period have revealed that the proinflammatory cytokine leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) delays the maturation of thalamocortical projection neurons of the lateral geniculate nucleus, and tecto-thalamic projection neurons of the superior colliculus, and cortical layer IV spiny stellates and layer VI pyramidal neurons. Here, we report that P12-20 LIF infusion inhibits somatic maturation of pyramidal neurons and of all interneuron types in vivo...
January 11, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088127/cerebral-laterality-for-language-is-related-to-adult-salivary-testosterone-levels-but-not-digit-ratio-2d-4d-in-men-a-functional-transcranial-doppler-ultrasound-study
#17
Marietta Papadatou-Pastou, Maryanne Martin
The adequacy of three competing theories of hormonal effects on cerebral laterality are compared using functional transcranial Doppler sonography (fTCD). Thirty-three adult males participated in the study (21 left-handers). Cerebral lateralization was measured by fTCD using an extensively validated word generation task. Adult salivary testosterone (T) and cortisol (C) concentrations were measured by luminescence immunoassay and prenatal T exposure was indirectly estimated by the somatic marker of 2nd to 4th digit length ratio (2D:4D)...
January 11, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087827/neuropsychological-outcome-following-frontal-lobectomy-for-pharmacoresistant-epilepsy-in-adults
#18
Robyn M Busch, Darlene P Floden, Lisa Ferguson, Shamseldeen Mahmoud, Audrina Mullane, Stephen Jones, Lara Jehi, William Bingaman, Imad M Najm
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective cohort study characterized cognitive and motor outcomes in a large sample of adults who underwent frontal lobe resections for treatment of pharmacoresistant epilepsy. METHODS: Ninety patients who underwent unilateral frontal lobe resection for epilepsy (42 language-dominant hemisphere/48 nondominant hemisphere) between 1989 and 2014 completed comprehensive preoperative and postoperative neuropsychological evaluations that included measures of verbal and nonverbal intellectual functioning, attention/working memory, processing speed, language, executive functioning, verbal and visual memory, and motor functioning...
January 13, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087721/joubert-syndrome-neuroimaging-findings-in-110-patients-in-correlation-with-cognitive-function-and-genetic-cause
#19
Andrea Poretti, Joseph Snow, Angela C Summers, Aylin Tekes, Thierry A G M Huisman, Nafi Aygun, Kathryn A Carson, Dan Doherty, Melissa A Parisi, Camilo Toro, Deniz Yildirimli, Meghana Vemulapalli, Jim C Mullikin, Andrew R Cullinane, Thierry Vilboux, William A Gahl, Meral Gunay-Aygun
BACKGROUND: Joubert syndrome is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous ciliopathy. Neuroimaging findings have not been systematically evaluated in a large cohort of patients with Joubert syndrome in correlation with molecular genetic cause and cognitive function. METHODS: Brain MRI of 110 patients with Joubert syndrome was included in this study. A comprehensive evaluation of brain MRI studies for infratentorial and supratentorial morphological abnormalities was performed...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087473/salvianolic-acids-for-injection-safi-suppresses-inflammatory-responses-in-activated-microglia-to-attenuate-brain-damage-in-focal-cerebral-ischemia
#20
Pengwei Zhuang, Yanjun Wan, Shihan Geng, Ying He, Bo Feng, Zhengliang Ye, Dazheng Zhou, Dekun Li, Hongjun Wei, Hongyan Li, Yanjun Zhang, Aichun Ju
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory reactions induced by microglia in the brain play crucial roles in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) cerebral injuries. Microglia activation has been shown to be closely related to TLR4/NF-κB signal pathways. Salvianolic acids for injection (SAFI) have been used in clinical practice to treat ischemic stroke with reported neuroprotective effects; however, the underlying mechanisms are still uncertain. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: First, we studied the effect of SAFI on inflammatory responses in LPS-stimulated BV-2 microglia...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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