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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938222/inter-hemispherical-asymmetry-in-default-mode-functional-connectivity-and-baiap2-gene-are-associated-with-anger-expression-in-adhd-adults
#1
R Hasler, M G Preti, D E Meskaldji, J Prados, W Adouan, C Rodriguez, S Toma, N Hiller, T Ismaili, J Hofmeister, I Sinanaj, P Baud, S Haller, P Giannakopoulos, S Schwartz, N Perroud, D Van De Ville
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is accompanied by resting-state alterations, including abnormal activity, connectivity and asymmetry of the default-mode network (DMN). Concurrently, recent studies suggested a link between ADHD and the presence of polymorphisms within the gene BAIAP2 (i.e., brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor 1-associated protein 2), known to be differentially expressed in brain hemispheres. The clinical and neuroimaging correlates of this polymorphism are still unknown. We investigated the association between BAIAP2 polymorphisms and DMN functional connectivity (FC) asymmetry as well as behavioral measures in ADHD adults...
September 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937844/immunogenicity-and-safety-of-the-southern-hemisphere-2015-formulation-of-vaxigrip%C3%A2
#2
Mathilde Latreille-Barbier, Regine Rouzier, Beatrice Astruc, Nathalie Lavis, Yves Donazzolo
An inactivated split-virion trivalent influenza vaccine (IIV3; Vaxigrip®, Sanofi Pasteur) has been available globally since 1968. Here, we describe the results of an open-label, post-licensure trial (EudraCT no. 2014-005078-12) to confirm the immunogenicity and safety of the Southern Hemisphere 2015 formulation of IIV3. Adults 18-60 years of age and > 60 years of age (60 per age group) received a single 0.5-ml intramuscular injection of IIV3. Between baseline and day 21 after vaccination, hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) titers for each strain in IIV3 increased, on average, by at least 11-fold for younger adults and at least 5-fold for older adults...
September 22, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937807/use-of-virtual-reality-in-improving-poststroke-neglect-promising-neuropsychological-and-neurophysiological-findings-from-a-case-study
#3
Rosaria De Luca, Viviana Lo Buono, Antonino Leo, Margherita Russo, Bianca Aragona, Simona Leonardi, Antonio Buda, Antonino Naro, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
After experiencing a stroke in the right hemisphere, almost 50% of patients show unilateral spatial neglect (USN). Virtual Reality technologies offer impressive opportunities for both the rehabilitation and assessment of different cognitive deficits, including USN. A 57-year-old woman, affected by subarachnoid hemorrhage presented a severe left hemiparesis with severe cognitive and behavioral alterations, including temporal and spatial disorientation, reduction of attention and memory process, slowing ideation, USN, and depression of mood...
September 22, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937319/brain-activation-patterns-during-unilateral-premolar-occlusion
#4
Chun-Zhen Feng, Jin-Feng Li, Nan Hu, Hua Jiang, Yan-Yi Wang, Hong-Chen Liu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the characteristics of brain activation during unilateral premolar occlusion. METHODS: Functional magnetic resonance imaging was collected from 10 healthy volunteers during occlusion of the left first premolar (L1), left second premolar (L2), and right first premolar (R1). The brain activation patterns were analyzed, and the primary sensorimotor cortex, supplementary motor area, insula, thalamus, and prefrontal cortex were chosen as regions of interest...
September 22, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935424/temporal-remodeling-of-pial-collaterals-and-functional-deficits-in-a-murine-model-of-ischemic-stroke
#5
Benjamin Okyere, Miranda Creasey, Yeonwoo Lebovitz, Michelle H Theus
BACKGROUND: Leptomeningeal anastomoses play a critical role in regulating reperfusion following cerebrovascular obstruction; however, methods to evaluate their temporospatial remodeling remains under investigation. NEW METHOD: We combined arteriole-specific vessel painting with histological evaluation to assess the density and diameter of inter-collateral vessels between the middle cerebral artery and anterior cerebral artery (MCA-ACA) or posterior cerebral artery (MCA-PCA) in a murine model of permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934366/early-metabolite-changes-after-melatonin-treatment-in-neonatal-rats-with-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury-studied-by-in-vivo1h-mr-spectroscopy
#6
Hester Rijkje Berger, Axel K G Nyman, Tora Sund Morken, Riyas Vettukattil, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Marius Widerøe
Melatonin is a promising neuroprotective agent after perinatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury. We used in-vivo 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy to investigate effects of melatonin treatment on brain metabolism after HI. Postnatal day 7 Sprague-Dawley rats with unilateral HI brain injury were treated with either melatonin 10 mg/kg dissolved in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) with 5% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or vehicle (5% DMSO and/or PBS) directly and at 6 hours after HI. 1H MR spectra from the thalamus in the ipsilateral and contralateral hemisphere were acquired 1 day after HI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934332/end-member-modelling-as-a-tool-for-climate-reconstruction-an-eastern-mediterranean-case-study
#7
Sarah Beuscher, Stefan Krüger, Werner Ehrmann, Gerhard Schmiedl, Yvonne Milker, Helge Arz, Hartmut Schulz
The Eastern Mediterranean Sea is a sink for terrigenous sediments from North Africa, Europe and Asia Minor. Its sediments therefore provide valuable information on the climate dynamics in the source areas and the associated transport processes. We present a high-resolution dataset of sediment core M40/4_SL71, which was collected SW of Crete and spans the last ca. 180 kyr. We analysed the clay mineral composition, the grain size distribution within the silt fraction, and the abundance of major and trace elements...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933626/immunogenicity-and-safety-of-the-2015-southern-hemisphere-formulation-of-a-split-virion-inactivated-quadrivalent-vaccine
#8
Cecilia Montalban, May Book Montellano, Jaime Santos, Nathalie Lavis
An inactivated split-virion quadrivalent influenza vaccine (IIV4; Fluzone® Quadrivalent; Sanofi Pasteur) has been available in the US since 2013 and in the Southern Hemisphere since 2015. Here, we describe the results of an open-label, post-licensure trial (WHO Universal Trial Number, U1111-1143-9256) to confirm the immunogenicity and safety of the Southern Hemisphere 2015 formulation of IIV4. Adults 18-60 years of age and > 60 years of age (n = 60 per age group) received a single 0.5-mL intramuscular injection of IIV4...
September 21, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933625/immunogenicity-and-safety-of-a-split-virion-quadrivalent-influenza-vaccine-in-adults-18-60%C3%A2-years-of-age-in-the-republic-of-korea
#9
Won Suk Choi, Ji Yun Noh, Jacob Lee, Jun Yong Choi, Jin-Soo Lee, Moo Soo Kim, Hee Soo Kim, Joon Bang, Nathalie Lavis, Woo Joo Kim
VaxigripTetra® (Sanofi Pasteur, Lyon, France) is a quadrivalent split-virion inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV4) containing two B-lineage strains approved in the European Union and Taiwan in 2016 for individuals ≥ 3 years of age. Here, we describe an observer-blind, randomized, controlled, multicenter trial study evaluating the immunogenicity and safety of the Northern Hemisphere 2015-2016 formulations of IIV4 and the licensed split-virion trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV3) in the Republic of Korea (ClinicalTrials...
September 21, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933218/effects-of-human-es-derived-neural-stem-cell-transplantation-and-kindling-in-a-rat-model-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Stefania Beretta, Kelly M Cunningham, Daniel L Haus, Eric M Gold, Harvey Perez, Luci López-Velázquez, Brian J Cummings
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of death and disability in the population worldwide, with a broad spectrum of symptoms and disabilities. Posttraumatic hyperexcitability is one of the most common neurological disorders that affect people after a head injury. A reliable animal model of posttraumatic hyperexcitability induced by TBI which allows one to test effective treatment strategies is yet to be developed. To address these issues, in the present study, we tested human embryonic stem cell-derived neural stem cell (NSC) transplantation in an animal model of posttraumatic hyperexcitability in which the brain injury was produced in one hemisphere of immunodeficient athymic nude rats by controlled cortical impact, and spontaneous seizures were produced by repeated electrical stimulation (kindling) in the contralateral hemisphere...
July 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932189/delayed-mismatch-field-latencies-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-with-abnormal-auditory-sensitivity-a-magnetoencephalographic-study
#11
Junko Matsuzaki, Kuriko Kagitani-Shimono, Hisato Sugata, Ryuzo Hanaie, Fumiyo Nagatani, Tomoka Yamamoto, Masaya Tachibana, Koji Tominaga, Masayuki Hirata, Ikuko Mohri, Masako Taniike
Although abnormal auditory sensitivity is the most common sensory impairment associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the neurophysiological mechanisms remain unknown. In previous studies, we reported that this abnormal sensitivity in patients with ASD is associated with delayed and prolonged responses in the auditory cortex. In the present study, we investigated alterations in residual M100 and MMFs in children with ASD who experience abnormal auditory sensitivity. We used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to measure MMF elicited by an auditory oddball paradigm (standard tones: 300 Hz, deviant tones: 700 Hz) in 20 boys with ASD (11 with abnormal auditory sensitivity: mean age, 9...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931014/phonological-memory-in-sign-language-relies-on-the-visuomotor-neural-system-outside-the-left-hemisphere-language-network
#12
Yuji Kanazawa, Kimihiro Nakamura, Toru Ishii, Toshihiko Aso, Hiroshi Yamazaki, Koichi Omori
Sign language is an essential medium for everyday social interaction for deaf people and plays a critical role in verbal learning. In particular, language development in those people should heavily rely on the verbal short-term memory (STM) via sign language. Most previous studies compared neural activations during signed language processing in deaf signers and those during spoken language processing in hearing speakers. For sign language users, it thus remains unclear how visuospatial inputs are converted into the verbal STM operating in the left-hemisphere language network...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929499/occipital-alpha-power-reveals-fast-attentional-inhibition-of-incongruent-distractors
#13
Clio Janssens, Esther De Loof, C Nico Boehler, Gilles Pourtois, Tom Verguts
Recent associative models of cognitive control hypothesize that cognitive control can be learned (optimized) for task-specific settings via associations between perceptual, motor, and control representations, and, once learned, control can be implemented rapidly. Midfrontal brain areas signal the need for control, and control is subsequently implemented by biasing sensory representations, boosting or suppressing activity in brain areas processing task-relevant or task-irrelevant information. To assess the timescale of this process, we employed EEG...
September 20, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928710/electroencephalography-network-effects-of-corpus-callosotomy-in-patients-with-lennox-gastaut-syndrome
#14
Jun-Ge Liang, Dongpyo Lee, Song Ee Youn, Heung Dong Kim, Nam-Young Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the functional network effects of corpus callosotomy (CC), a well-recognized palliative surgical therapy for patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS). Specifically, we sought to gain insight into the effects of CC on LGS remission, based on brain networks in LGS by calculating network metrics and evaluating by network measures before and after surgery. METHODS: Electroencephalographic recordings made during preoperative and 3-month postoperative states in 14 patients with LGS who had undergone successful CC were retrospectively analyzed...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928683/selfie-takers-prefer-left-cheeks-converging-evidence-from-the-extended-selfiecity-database
#15
Lev Manovich, Vera Ferrari, Nicola Bruno
According to previous reports, selfie takers in widely different cultural contexts prefer poses showing the left cheek more than the right cheek. This posing bias may be interpreted as evidence for a right-hemispheric specialization for the expression of facial emotions. However, earlier studies analyzed selfie poses as categorized by human raters, which raises methodological issues in relation to the distinction between frontal and three-quarter poses. Here, we provide converging evidence by analyzing the (extended) selfiecity database which includes automatic assessments of head rotation and of emotional expression...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928649/changes-in-electroencephalography-complexity-using-a-brain-computer-interface-motor-observation-training-in-chronic-stroke-patients-a-fuzzy-approximate-entropy-analysis
#16
Rui Sun, Wan-Wa Wong, Jing Wang, Raymond Kai-Yu Tong
Entropy-based algorithms have been suggested as robust estimators of electroencephalography (EEG) predictability or regularity. This study aimed to examine possible disturbances in EEG complexity as a means to elucidate the pathophysiological mechanisms in chronic stroke, before and after a brain computer interface (BCI)-motor observation intervention. Eleven chronic stroke subjects and nine unimpaired subjects were recruited to examine the differences in their EEG complexity. The BCI-motor observation intervention was designed to promote functional recovery of the hand in stroke subjects...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928640/hdac3-inhibitor-rgfp966-modulates-neuronal-memory-for-vocal-communication-signals-in-a-songbird-model
#17
Mimi L Phan, Mark M Gergues, Shafali Mahidadia, Jorge Jimenez-Castillo, David S Vicario, Kasia M Bieszczad
Epigenetic mechanisms that modify chromatin conformation have recently been under investigation for their contributions to learning and the formation of memory. For example, the role of enzymes involved in histone acetylation are studied in the formation of long-lasting memories because memory consolidation requires gene expression events that are facilitated by an open state of chromatin. We recently proposed that epigenetic events may control the entry of specific sensory features into long-term memory by enabling transcription-mediated neuronal plasticity in sensory brain areas...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927709/high-spirituality-may-be-associated-with-right-hemispheric-lateralization-in-korean-adults-living-with-epilepsy
#18
Sang-Ahm Lee, Myung-Ah Ko, Eun-Ju Choi, Ji-Ye Jeon, Han Uk Ryu
PURPOSE: Although it is known that epilepsy and spirituality are related, spirituality in epilepsy has received relatively little clinical and scientific attention. Therefore, we investigated which epilepsy-related factors are associated with high spirituality in Korean adults living with epilepsy. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two university hospitals in Korea. Spirituality was assessed using the 6-item Spirituality Self-Rating Scale (SSRS)...
September 15, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927214/direct-anastomosis-using-occipital-artery-for-additional-revascularization-in-moyamoya-disease-after-combined-superficial-temporal-artery-middle-cerebral-artery-and-indirect-bypass
#19
Ken Kazumata, Hiroyasu Kamiyama, Hisayasu Saito, Katsuhiko Maruichi, Masaki Ito, Haruto Uchino, Naoki Nakayama, Satoshi Kuroda, Kiyohiro Houkin
BACKGROUND: The posterior cerebral artery (PCA) is involved in approximately 30% of moyamoya disease (MMD) cases. However, there have been insufficient reports describing revascularization techniques in the posterior portion of the brain, particularly of direct anastomosis. OBJECTIVE: To perform a technical assessment in patients with MMD who underwent either occipital artery (OA)-PCA bypass or OA-middle cerebral artery (MCA) bypass. METHODS: A total of 428 revascularization procedures in 368 patients were retrospectively assessed by reviewing clinical charts and radiological data...
April 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927207/surgical-approaches-to-the-temporal-horn-an-anatomic-analysis-of-white-matter-tract-interruption
#20
Paulo A S Kadri, Jean G de Oliveira, Niklaus Krayenbühl, Ugur Türe, Evandro P L de Oliveira, Ossama Al-Mefty, Guilherme C Ribas
BACKGROUND: Surgical access to the temporal horn is necessary to treat tumors and vascular lesions, but is used mainly in patients with mediobasal temporal epilepsy. The surgical approaches to this cavity fall into 3 primary categories: lateral, inferior, and transsylvian. The current neurosurgical literature has underestimated the interruption of involved fiber bundles and the correlated clinical manifestations. OBJECTIVE: To delineate the interruption of fiber bundles during the different approaches to the temporal horn...
April 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
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