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Cognitive-behavioral therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052614/narp-mediates-antidepressant-like-effects-of-electroconvulsive-seizures
#1
Andrew D Chang, Punit V Vaidya, Edward P Retzbach, Sunho J Chung, Urian Kim, Kathryn Baselice, Kristen Maynard, Alec Stepanian, Melissa Staley, Lan Xiao, Ashley Blouin, Sungho Han, JongAh Lee, Paul F Worley, Kellie L Tamashiro, Barbara L Hempstead, Keri Martinowich, Mary Ann Wilson, Jay M Baraban, Irving M Reti
Growing recognition of persistent cognitive defects associated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), a highly effective and commonly used antidepressant treatment, has spurred interest in identifying its mechanism of action to guide development of safer treatment options. However, as repeated seizure activity elicits a bewildering array of electrophysiological and biochemical effects, this goal has remained elusive. We have examined whether deletion of Narp, an immediate early gene induced by electroconvulsive seizures (ECS), blocks its antidepressant efficacy...
October 20, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052453/review-of-epidemiology-clinical-presentation-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-common-primary-psychiatric-causes-of-cutaneous-disease
#2
J A Krooks, A G Weatherall, P J Holland
Approximately half of all patients presenting to dermatologists exhibit signs and symptoms of psychiatric conditions that are either primary or secondary to cutaneous disease. Because patients typically resist psychiatric consult, dermatologists often are on the front line in evaluating and treating these patients. Accordingly, distinguishing the specific underlying or resulting psychiatric condition is essential for effective treatment. The etiology, epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and first-line treatment of specific primary psychiatric causes of dermatologic conditions, including delusional infestation, Morgellons syndrome, olfactory reference syndrome, body dysmorphic disorder, excoriation disorder, trichotillomania, and dermatitis artefacta are discussed here, followed by a discussion of the recommended treatment approach with an overview of the different first-line therapies discussed in this review, specifically cognitive behavioral therapy, atypical antipsychotics, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and tricyclic antidepressants...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049902/emotion-dysregulation-moderates-the-effect-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-with-prolonged-exposure-for-co-occurring-ptsd-and-substance-use-disorders
#3
Denise A Hien, Teresa Lopez-Castro, Santiago Papini, Bernard Gorman, Lesia M Ruglass
A goal of clinical trials is to identify unique baseline characteristics that can inform treatment planning. One such target is emotion dysregulation (ED), which contributes to the maintenance of co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD) and may be a potential moderator of treatment response. We examined the moderating impact of ED severity on treatment outcomes in an urban, socioeconomically disadvantaged, and racially/ethnically diverse sample with complex trauma and severe SUDs...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048181/an-open-label-pilot-study-of-an-intervention-using-mobile-phones-to-deliver-contingency-management-of-tobacco-abstinence-to-high-school-students
#4
Grace Kong, Alissa L Goldberg, Jesse Dallery, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
This pilot study assessed the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a smoking cessation intervention that used mobile phones to remotely deliver reinforcements contingent on tobacco abstinence (contingency management [CM]) and weekly in-person cognitive-behavioral therapy to adolescent smokers. Daily adolescent smokers (N = 15; 12 completed study procedures, 3 dropped out) were recruited to participate in a 4-week study. During the first 2 weeks, daily text messages sent at random times prompted participants to transmit a video of themselves providing a carbon monoxide (CO) sample...
October 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047288/upregulating-positive-affectivity-in-the-transdiagnostic-treatment-of-emotional-disorders-a-randomized-pilot-study
#5
Alberto González-Robles, Azucena García-Palacios, Rosa Baños, Soledad Quero, Cristina Botella
Transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral therapy for emotional disorders (ED) has proven to be effective. However, current transdiagnostic treatment protocols address only the regulation of negative affectivity, and they do not include treatment components to more directly target the regulation of positive affectivity. In this study, we propose to evaluate the preliminary efficacy and acceptability of a transdiagnostic treatment protocol for ED that includes, as an innovative feature, a specific treatment component to directly upregulate positive affectivity based on positive psychology interventions...
October 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046984/spatial-tracking-of-targeted-prostate-biopsy-locations-moving-towards-effective-focal-partial-prostate-gland-ablation-with-improved-treatment-planning
#6
REVIEW
Steven Sidelsky, Shaan Setia, Srinivas Vourganti
The ability to selectively characterize, localize, and predict the specific areas of the prostate gland which harbor the worst biologic behavior is requisite for optimal prostate cancer therapy, especially in the emerging field of partial prostate gland ablation (focal therapy). In this manuscript, we highlight contemporary techniques in target tracking for focal therapy planning. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging has emerged as a dominant strategy to localize biopsy sites most likely to contain high-grade lesions...
October 18, 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046649/psychological-flexibility-as-a-buffer-against-caregiver-distress-in-families-with-psychosis
#7
Jens E Jansen, Ulrik H Haahr, Hanne-Grethe Lyse, Marlene B Pedersen, Anne M Trauelsen, Erik Simonsen
Background: Research has shown that caregivers of persons with psychosis play an invaluable role in recovery, but unfortunately, often report high levels of distress. While cognitive models of caregiver distress have been well-supported, there is still limited knowledge of the psychological factors involved. Recent advances in cognitive behavioral therapy seem to converge on the importance of acceptance- and mindfulness based processes. Aim: To examine the impact of psychological flexibility on caregiver distress in the early phases of psychosis, while controlling for known predictors of caregiver distress...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046265/using-the-internet-to-train-therapists-randomized-comparison-of-two-scalable-methods
#8
Zafra Cooper, Suzanne Bailey-Straebler, Katy E Morgan, Marianne E O'Connor, Caroline Caddy, Layla Hamadi, Christopher G Fairburn
BACKGROUND: One of the major barriers to the dissemination and implementation of psychological treatments is the scarcity of suitably trained therapists. The currently accepted method of training is not scalable. Recently, a scalable form of training, Web-centered training, has been shown to have promise. OBJECTIVE: The goal of our research was to conduct a randomized comparison of the relative effects of independent and supported Web-centered training on therapist competence and investigate the persistence of the effects...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044718/child-and-family-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-applications-for-suicide-prevention
#9
Sally M Weinstein, Rick A Cruz, Ashley R Isaia, Amy T Peters, Amy E West
Despite high rates of suicide ideation (SI) and behavior in youth with pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD), little work has examined how psychosocial interventions impact suicidality among this high-risk group. The current study examined SI outcomes in a randomized clinical trial comparing Child- and Family-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CFF-CBT) for PBD versus psychotherapy treatment-as-usual (TAU). Although not designed for suicide prevention, CFF-CBT addresses child and family factors related to suicide risk and thus was hypothesized to generalize to the treatment of suicidality...
October 16, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044626/the-cost-effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-bulimia-nervosa-in-the-australian-context
#10
Long Khanh-Dao Le, Phillipa Hay, Tracey Wade, Stephen Touyz, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
OBJECTIVE: This study was to model the cost-effectiveness of specialist-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for bulimia nervosa (CBT-BN) compared to no intervention within the Australian context. METHOD: An illness-death model was developed to estimate the cost per disability-adjusted life-year (DALY) averted of CBT-BN over 2 years from the healthcare perspective. Target population was adults aged 18-65 years with BN. Results are reported as incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER) in 2013 Australian dollars per DALY averted...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044551/disordered-eating-and-obesity-associations-between-binge-eating-disorder-night-eating-syndrome-and-weight-related-comorbidities
#11
REVIEW
Courtney McCuen-Wurst, Madelyn Ruggieri, Kelly C Allison
Binge-eating disorder (BED) and night-eating syndrome (NES) are two forms of disordered eating associated with overweight and obesity. While these disorders also occur in nonobese persons, they seem to be associated with weight gain over time and higher risk of diabetes and other metabolic dysfunction. BED and NES are also associated with higher risk of psychopathology, including mood, anxiety, and sleep problems, than those of similar weight status without disordered eating. Treatments are available, including cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), interpersonal psychotherapy, lisdexamfetamine, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for BED; and CBT, SSRIs, progressive muscle relaxation, and bright light therapy for NES...
October 16, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042886/effects-of-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-young-patients-in-the-early-stage-of-psychosis
#12
Sung-Wan Kim, Ji-Eun Jang, Ju-Yeon Lee, Ga-Young Lee, Hye-Young Yu, Cheol Park, Hee-Ju Kang, Jae-Min Kim, Jin-Sang Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To develop a model of group cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for Korean patients with early psychosis. METHODS: The group CBT utilized in the present study consisted of metacognitive training, cognitive restructuring, and lifestyle managements. The Subjective Well-being Under Neuroleptics (SWN-K), Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ), Drug Attitude Inventory (DAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and Clinical Global Impression (CGI) were administered prior to and after CBT sessions...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040946/neuropsychological-predictors-of-response-to-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-persons-with-severe-mental-illness
#13
Kim T Mueser, Susan R McGurk, Haiyi Xie, Elisa E Bolton, M Kay Jankowski, Weili Lu, Stanley D Rosenberg, Rosemarie Wolfe
This study examined whether cognitive functioning was related to treatment outcomes in persons with severe mental illness who received a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program for co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The study sample was drawn from a larger controlled trial of 108 persons with severe mental illness and PTSD comparing the effects of CBT with treatment as usual on PTSD and related outcomes, with assessments conducted at baseline, post-treatment, and 3- and 6-month follow-ups...
October 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039756/creative-arts-therapies-as-temporary-home-for-refugees-insights-from-literature-and-practice
#14
Rebekka Dieterich-Hartwell, Sabine C Koch
One of the frequently overlooked psychosocial problems of refugees is the phenomenon of homesickness. Being forced into exile and unable to return home may cause natural feelings of nostalgia but may also result in emotional, cognitive, behavioral and physical adversities. According to the literature, the creative arts therapies with their attention to preverbal language-music, imagery, dance, role play, and movement-are able to reach individuals through the senses and promote successive integration, which can lead to transformation and therapeutic change...
October 17, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038777/the-abcd-study-of-neurodevelopment-identifying-neurocircuit-targets-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-adolescent-substance-abuse
#15
James M Bjork, Lisa K Straub, Rosellen G Provost, Michael C Neale
Substance use disorders (SUD) can be considered developmental disorders in light of their frequent origins in substance initiation during adolescence. Cross-sectional functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies of adolescent substance users or adolescents with SUD have indicated aberrations in brain structures or circuits implicated in motivation, self-control, and mood-regulation. However, attributing these differences to the neurotoxicological effects of chronic substance use has been problematic in that these circuits are also aberrant in at-risk children, such as those with prenatal substance exposure, externalizing disorders (such as conduct disorder), or prodromal internalizing disorders such as depression...
June 2017: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038718/effects-of-a-theory-driven-educational-package-and-social-support-on-durability-of-cigarette-smoking-cessation-behavior-a-community-based-program
#16
Mohammad Ali Orouji, Davoud Shojaeizadeh, Roya Sadeghi, Mohammad Rafiei
BACKGROUND: According to a World Health Organization (WHO) report, the prevalence of smoking in Iranian individuals aged 15-64 is up to 12%. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to determine the durability of smoking cessation behavior based on a trans-theoretical model. METHODS: This educational experimental study was conducted on smokers in Khomein City, Iran, in 2015. Sampling was done through a public announcement and then a random allocation of participants into two study group (50 persons) and control group (60 persons)...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036391/improvement-in-negative-symptoms-and-functioning-in-cognitive-behavioral-social-skills-training-for-schizophrenia-mediation-by-defeatist-performance-attitudes-and-asocial-beliefs
#17
Eric Granholm, Jason Holden, Matthew Worley
Psychosocial interventions have significant but modest impact on negative symptoms and functioning in schizophrenia. Identifying mechanisms of change in these interventions can inform treatment targets to strengthen these interventions. A number of studies have found associations between dysfunctional attitudes negative symptoms and functioning in schizophrenia. We previously found improvement in experiential negative symptoms and functioning in cognitive-behavioral social skills training (CBSST) in participants with schizophrenia (N = 149), and the present study examined whether improvements in CBSST in that trial were mediated by the group effect on defeatist performance attitudes and asocial beliefs...
August 3, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035759/the-beliefs-about-voices-questionnaire-revised-a-factor-structure-from-450-participants
#18
Clara Strauss, Kenneth Hugdahl, Flavie Waters, Mark Hayward, Josef J Bless, Liv E Falkenberg, Bodil Kråkvik, Arve Egil Asbjørnsen, Erik Johnsen, Igne Sinkeviciute, Rune A Kroken, Else-Marie Løberg, Neil Thomas
Hallucinated voices are common across psychiatric and non-clinical groups. The predominant cognitive theory about the impact of voices posits that beliefs about voice power ('Omnipotence') and voice intent ('Malevolence'/'Benevolence') play a key role in determining emotional and behavioral reactions. The revised Beliefs about Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ-R) was designed to assess these constructs, together with two styles of responding (Engagement and Resistance). The BAVQ-R is widely used in clinical and research settings, yet it has not received validation of its constructs and factor structure...
October 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033617/family-accommodation-in-adult-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-clinical-perspectives
#19
REVIEW
Umberto Albert, Alessandra Baffa, Giuseppe Maina
The term accommodation has been used to refer to family responses specifically related to obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms: it encompasses behaviors such as directly participating in compulsions, assisting a relative with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) when he/she is performing a ritual, or helping him/her to avoid triggers that may precipitate obsessions and compulsions. At the opposite side, family responses to OCD may also include interfering with the rituals or actively opposing them; stopping accommodating OC symptoms or actively interfering with their performance is usually associated with greater distress and sometimes even with aggressive behaviors from the patients...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033021/-smoking-cessation-and-pregnancy
#20
M Underner, O Pourrat, J Perriot, G Peiffer, N Jaafari
Active and passive smoking during pregnancy induce several deleterious effects that may have a negative impact on pregnancy progress, fetus development and both mother and newborn health. Smoking cessation should be a rule for any woman as soon as the beginning of her pregnancy, or better in anticipation of a pregnancy when contraception is no more taken. Every caregiver must help every pregnant woman who smokes to quit smoking. Smoking cessation interventions in pregnant women must combine a psychological support (mainly with cognitive behavioral therapy) and nicotine replacement therapy, which can also be used during breast feeding...
October 9, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
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