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Cognitive-behavioral therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102860/psychological-interventions-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#1
Sarah Ballou, Laurie Keefer
Psychological interventions have been designed and implemented effectively in a wide range of medical conditions, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD). The psychological treatments for IBS and IBD with the strongest evidence base include: cognitive behavioral therapy, hypnosis, and mindfulness-based therapies. The evidence for each of these therapies is reviewed here for both IBS and IBD. In general, there is a stronger and larger evidence base to support the use of psychological interventions in IBS compared with IBD...
January 19, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101845/feasibility-acceptability-and-preliminary-treatment-outcomes-in-a-school-based-cbt-intervention-program-for-adolescents-with-asd-and-anxiety-in-singapore
#2
Irene E Drmic, Mariam Aljunied, Judy Reaven
Adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at high risk for anxiety difficulties and disorders. Clinic-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective; however, few published school-based CBT programs for youth with ASD exist. In this study, the Facing Your Fears CBT protocol was adapted for delivery and piloted within a school setting by non-clinicians, with culturally appropriate adaptations. 44 13-15 aged youth with ASD from 22 mainstream schools in Singapore participated. Feasibility, acceptability and preliminary treatment outcomes were examined...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099913/zibupiyin-recipe-improves-cognitive-decline-by-regulating-gut-microbiota-in-zucker-diabetic-fatty-rats
#3
Chunyan Gu, Wen Zhou, Wang Wang, Hong Xiang, Huiying Xu, Lina Liang, Hua Sui, Libin Zhan, Xiaoguang Lu
Numerous researches supported that microbiota can influence behavior and modulate cognitive function through "microbiota-gut-brain" axis. Our previous study has demonstrated that ZiBuPiYin recipe (ZBPYR) possesses excellent pharmacological effects against diabetes-associated cognitive decline. To elucidate the role of ZBPYR in regulating the balance of gut microbiota to improve psychological-stress-induced diabetes-associated cognitive decline (PSDACD), we compared blood glucose, behavioral and cognitive functions and diversity of the bacterial community among experimental groups...
January 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089108/-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-primary-care-nurses-about-the-management-of-patients-with-insomnia
#4
María Clara Vidal-Thomàs, Beatriz Yañez-Amoros, Isabel Torrens, Elena Torres-Solera, Magdalena Esteva
OBJECTIVE: To describe the knowledge, attitudes, and performance of primary care nurses in the management of patients with insomnia. METHODS: Descriptive study. An online questionnaire was sent to all primary care nurses of the Majorca Primary Care Department between June-July 2014. MEASUREMENTS: sociodemographic variables, professional characteristics, tuition, usual clinical practice in the management of patients with insomnia. RESULTS: 138 nurses answered the questionnaire (47%)...
January 6, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086934/electroacupuncture-plus-moxibustion-therapy-for-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Mikyung Kim, Eun-Ji Choi, Sung-Phil Kim, Jung-Eun Kim, Hyo-Ju Park, Ae-Ran Kim, Bok-Nam Seo, O-Jin Kwon, Jung Hyo Cho, Sun-Yong Chung, Joo-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the most prevalent mental health disorders and has a significant societal economic burden. Antidepressants and cognitive behavioral therapy are two primary interventions for the standardized treatment of MDD. However, their weaknesses, such as a low response rate, a high risk of adverse events from medication, and the high cost of cognitive behavioral therapy, have resulted in a need for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081026/the-effect-of-nebulized-glycopyrrolate-on-posterior-drooling-in-patients-with-brain-injury-two-cases-of-different-brain-lesions
#6
Zee-Ihn Lee, Kwang Jae Yu, Dae Hee Lee, Seong Kyung Hong, Seung Beom Woo, Jong Min Kim, Donghwi Park
Posterior drooling, which can lead to substantial respiratory morbidity, including unexplained lung diseases and recurrent pneumonia, is an important issue in the rehabilitation unit. There are various treatment options for posterior drooling, including pharmacologic therapy, oral motor or behavioral therapy, biofeedback, local glandular injection of botulinum toxin, irradiation, and surgery. Among them, nebulized glycopyrrolate has the following advantages: It is noninvasive and is relatively free of central adverse effects because it does not cross the blood-brain barrier unlike other anticholinergics...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080169/family-oriented-support-famos-development-and-feasibility-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-families-of-childhood-cancer-survivors
#7
Hanin Salem, Christoffer Johansen, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Jeanette Falck Winther, Peder Skov Wehner, Henrik Hasle, Steen Rosthøj, Anne E Kazak, Pernille E Bidstrup
BACKGROUND: We developed and tested the feasibility of a manualized psychosocial intervention, FAMily-Oriented Support (FAMOS), a home-based psychosocial intervention for families of childhood cancer survivors. The aim of the intervention is to support families in adopting healthy strategies to cope with the psychological consequences of childhood cancer. The intervention is now being evaluated in a nationwide randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS AND DESIGN: FAMOS is based on principles of family systems therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy, and is delivered in six sessions at home...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077345/tips-and-traps-lessons-from-codesigning-a-clinician-e-monitoring-tool-for-computerized-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#8
Frederick Sundram, Susan J Hawken, Karolina Stasiak, Mathijs Fg Lucassen, Theresa Fleming, Matthew Shepherd, Andrea Greenwood, Raechel Osborne, Sally N Merry
BACKGROUND: Computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) is an acceptable and promising treatment modality for adolescents with mild-to-moderate depression. Many cCBT programs are standalone packages with no way for clinicians to monitor progress or outcomes. We sought to develop an electronic monitoring (e-monitoring) tool in consultation with clinicians and adolescents to allow clinicians to monitor mood, risk, and treatment adherence of adolescents completing a cCBT program called SPARX (Smart, Positive, Active, Realistic, X-factor thoughts)...
January 11, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077222/prediction-of-relapse-after-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-of-gambling-disorder-in-individuals-with-chronic-schizophrenia-a-survival-analysis
#9
Enrique Echeburúa, Montserrat Gómez, Montserrat Freixa
Gambling disorder (GD) in individuals with chronic schizophrenia is relevant because there are higher rates of GD in schizophrenic populations (10%) than in the nonschizophrenic population (1%-5%). In addition, these patients have more severe alcohol use disorder (i.e., meeting at least 6 of the DSM-5 11 criteria for diagnosis of this disorder), higher depression scores, a poor adherence to treatment, and more frequent use of outpatient mental health care. One of the main problems in GD is therapeutic failure (defined as three or more lapse episodes during treatment) or relapse (three or more lapse episodes in the follow-up period)...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077221/interpersonal-problems-predict-differential-response-to-cognitive-versus-behavioral-treatment-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Michelle G Newman, Nicholas C Jacobson, Thane M Erickson, Aaron J Fisher
OBJECTIVE: We examined dimensional interpersonal problems as moderators of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) versus its components (cognitive therapy [CT] and behavioral therapy [BT]). We predicted that people with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) whose interpersonal problems reflected more dominance and intrusiveness would respond best to a relaxation-based BT compared to CT or CBT, based on studies showing that people with personality features associated with a need for autonomy respond best to treatments that are more experiential, concrete, and self-directed compared to therapies involving abstract analysis of one's problems (e...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077219/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-depression-using-mind-over-mood-cbt-skill-use-and-differential-symptom-alleviation
#11
Lance L Hawley, Christine A Padesky, Steven D Hollon, Enza Mancuso, Judith M Laposa, Karen Brozina, Zindel V Segal
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for depression is highly effective. An essential element of this therapy involves acquiring and utilizing CBT skills; however, it is unclear whether the type of CBT skill used is associated with differential symptom alleviation. Outpatients (N = 356) diagnosed with a primary mood disorder received 14 two-hour group sessions of CBT for depression, using the Mind Over Mood protocol. In each session, patients completed the Beck Depression Inventory and throughout the week they reported on their use of CBT skills: behavioral activation (BA), cognitive restructuring (CR), and core belief (CB) strategies...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075519/an-update-of-management-of-insomnia-in-patients-with-chronic-orofacial-pain
#12
REVIEW
Galit Almoznino, Yaron Haviv, Yair Sharav, Rafael Benoliel
In this review we discuss the management of chronic orofacial pain (COFP) patients with insomnia. Diagnostic work-up and follow-up routines of COFP patients should include assessment of sleep problems. Management is based on a multidisciplinary approach, addressing the factors that modulate the pain experience as well as insomnia and including both non-pharmacological and pharmacological modalities. Parallel to treatment, patients should receive therapy for co-morbid medical and psychiatric disorders, and possible substance abuse that may be that may trigger or worsen the COFP and/or their insomnia...
January 11, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075425/management-of-fibromyalgia-practical-guides-from-recent-evidence-based-guidelines
#13
Winfried Häuser, Jacob Ablin, Serge Perrot, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a prevalent and costly condition worldwide, affecting approximately 2% of the general population. Recent evidence- and consensus-based guidelines from Canada, Germany, Israel and the European League Against Rheumatism aim to support physicians in achieving a comprehensive diagnostic work-up of patients with chronic widespread pain (CWP) and to assist patients and physicians in shared decision making on treament options. Every patient with CWP requires at the first medical evaluation a complete history, medical examination and some laboratory tests (complete blood count, C-reactive protein, serum calcium, creatine phosphokinase, thyroid stimulating hormone, 25-OH vitamin D) to screen for metabolic or inflammatory causes of CWP...
January 4, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075089/autism-spectrum-disorder-primary-care-principles
#14
Kristian E Sanchack, Craig A Thomas
Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by difficulty with social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interest, or activities. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed., created an umbrella diagnosis that includes several previously separate conditions: autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified. There is insufficient evidence to recommend screening for autism spectrum disorder in children 18 to 30 months of age in whom the disorder is not suspected; however, there is a growing body of evidence that early intensive behavioral intervention based on applied behavior analysis improves cognitive ability, language, and adaptive skills...
December 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074903/alterations-in-the-brain-adenosine-metabolism-cause-behavioral-and-neurological-impairment-in-ada-deficient-mice-and-patients
#15
Aisha V Sauer, Raisa Jofra Hernandez, Francesca Fumagalli, Veronica Bianchi, Pietro L Poliani, Chiara Dallatomasina, Elisa Riboni, Letterio S Politi, Antonella Tabucchi, Filippo Carlucci, Miriam Casiraghi, Nicola Carriglio, Manuela Cominelli, Carlo Alberto Forcellini, Federica Barzaghi, Francesca Ferrua, Fabio Minicucci, Stefania Medaglini, Letizia Leocani, Giancarlo la Marca, Lucia D Notarangelo, Chiara Azzari, Giancarlo Comi, Cristina Baldoli, Sabrina Canale, Maria Sessa, Patrizia D'Adamo, Alessandro Aiuti
Adenosine Deaminase (ADA) deficiency is an autosomal recessive variant of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) caused by systemic accumulation of ADA substrates. Neurological and behavioral abnormalities observed in ADA-SCID patients surviving after stem cell transplantation or gene therapy represent an unresolved enigma in the field. We found significant neurological and cognitive alterations in untreated ADA-SCID patients as well as in two groups of patients after short- and long-term enzyme replacement therapy with PEG-ADA...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073337/microaggressions
#16
Scott O Lilienfeld
The microaggression concept has recently galvanized public discussion and spread to numerous college campuses and businesses. I argue that the microaggression research program (MRP) rests on five core premises, namely, that microaggressions (1) are operationalized with sufficient clarity and consensus to afford rigorous scientific investigation; (2) are interpreted negatively by most or all minority group members; (3) reflect implicitly prejudicial and implicitly aggressive motives; (4) can be validly assessed using only respondents' subjective reports; and (5) exert an adverse impact on recipients' mental health...
January 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072701/pathophysiology-of-refractory-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-study-of-visual-search-combined-with-overactive-performance-monitoring
#17
Qingxiao Liu, Bo Tan, Jing Zhou, Zhong Zheng, Ling Li, Yanchun Yang
Based on both functional and structural studies of excessive activity, fronto-striatal-thalamic-cortical and cortico-striatal circuits have been hypothesized to underlie the pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, the neurobiological underpinnings of OCD refractory to medication and therapy remain controversial. This study aimed to evaluate neuroanatomical abnormalities of the whole brain and to evaluate visual processing in patients with refractory OCD.This study was comprised of 2 experiments...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072459/client-retrospective-accounts-of-corrective-experiences-in-motivational-interviewing-integrated-with-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#18
Christianne Macaulay, Lynne Angus, Jasmine Khattra, Henny Westra, Jennifer Ip
A corrective experience (CE) is one "in which a person comes to understand or experience affectively an event or relationship in a different and unexpected way" (Castonguay & Hill, 2012, p. 5). CEs disconfirm clients' expectations based on past problematic experiences, and can be emotional, relational, behavioral, and/or cognitive. This qualitative study explored corrective shifts among recovered participants (N = 8) who had received motivational interviewing (MI) integrated with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in a randomized controlled trial comparing CBT alone to MI-CBT for generalized anxiety disorder (Westra, Constantino, & Antony, 2016)...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070247/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-fluoxetine-on-sexual-function-of-women-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Zahra Sabetnejad, Fatemeh Assarian, Abdollah Omidi, Mohammad Reza Najarzadegan
BACKGROUND: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health concern due to its various negative consequences, especially in sexual function. Therefore, the treatment of sexual dysfunction in women with OCD is important in order to improve the patient's marital function and mental health. OBJECTIVES: To compare the sexual behavior and sexual and marital satisfaction in women with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) before and after treatment with fluoxetine and cognitive behavior therapy...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068613/behavioral-activation-treatment-for-major-depression-a-randomized-trial-of-the-efficacy-of-augmentation-with-cognitive-control-training
#20
Samantha J Moshier, Michael W Otto
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with hypoactivation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, a brain region involved in emotion regulation and basic cognitive control processes. Recent studies have indicated that computerized interventions designed to activate this region may reduce depressive and ruminative symptoms. In this double-blind randomized controlled trial, we tested whether one such program, called Cognitive Control Training (CCT), enhanced treatment outcomes when used in adjunct to brief behavior therapy for MDD...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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