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Cognitive-behavioral therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230462/a-nonrandomized-comparison-study-of-self-hypnosis-yoga-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-to-reduce-emotional-distress-in-breast-cancer-patients
#1
Isabelle Bragard, Anne-Marie Etienne, Marie-Elisabeth Faymonville, Philippe Coucke, Eric Lifrange, Hélène Schroeder, Aurélie Wagener, Gilles Dupuis, Guy Jerusalem
The authors asked breast cancer (BC) patients to participate in 1 of 3 mind-body interventions (cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), yoga, or self-hypnosis) to explore their feasibility, ease of compliance, and impact on the participants' distress, quality of life (QoL), sleep, and mental adjustment. Ninety-nine patients completed an intervention (CBT: n = 10; yoga: n = 21; and self-hypnosis: n = 68). Results showed high feasibility and high compliance. After the interventions, there was no significant effect in the CBT group but significant positive effects on distress in the yoga and self-hypnosis groups, and, also, on QoL, sleep, and mental adjustment in the self-hypnosis group...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230414/the-effect-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-as-an-antidepressive-treatment-is-falling-reply-to-lj%C3%A3-tsson-et-al-2017-and-cristea-et-al-2017
#2
Oddgeir Friborg, Tom J Johnsen
This article critically reassesses the nonlinear reanalysis by Ljótsson, Hedman, Mattsson, and Andersson (2017) and reviews Cristea et al.'s (2017) extension of our original meta-analysis (Johnsen & Friborg, 2015) reporting a decline in the effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for treating unipolar depression. Ljótsson et al. fitted a piecewise meta-regression model to the data, indicating a halt in the decline from the year 1995 onward, hence concluding that CBT is not gradually losing its efficacy...
March 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230413/the-effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-are-not-systematically-falling-a-revision-of-johnsen-and-friborg-2015
#3
Ioana A Cristea, Simona Stefan, Eirini Karyotaki, Daniel David, Steven D Hollon, Pim Cuijpers
In a meta-analysis, Johnsen and Friborg (2015) reported a significant negative relationship between publication year and the effect sizes (ESs) of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for depressive disorders, suggesting its effectiveness was falling. We identified a series of methodological and conceptual caveats and consequently redid the meta-analysis. We used the same inclusion criteria, but only included randomized controlled trials and searched for additional eligible trials. We computed both within-group and between-group ESs for the CBT arm for the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD)...
March 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230412/the-effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-depression-are-not-falling-a-re-analysis-of-johnsen-and-friborg-2015
#4
Brjánn Ljótsson, Erik Hedman, Simon Mattsson, Erik Andersson
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has a solid evidence base as an effective treatment for depression. However, a recent meta-analysis (Johnsen & Friborg, 2015) including 70 studies, showed that the effect sizes of CBT for depression have been falling between 1977 and 2014. A possible important limitation in the Johnsen and Friborg (2015) study was that they did not investigate a leveling off in the decline over time of the effectiveness of CBT for depression. We therefore reanalyzed the data reported by Johnsen and Friborg (2015) using meta-analytic regression models that allowed for a curvilinear effect of publication year and also modeled separate estimates of the decline of treatment effect before and after 1995...
March 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230352/disease-modifying-effects-of-m1-muscarinic-acetylcholine-receptor-activation-in-an-alzheimer-s-disease-mouse-model
#5
Evan P Lebois, Jason P Schroeder, Thomas J Esparza, Thomas M Bridges, Craig W Lindsley, P Jeffrey Conn, David L Brody, John Scott Daniels, Allan I Levey
Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is the leading cause of dementia worldwide and currently no disease-modifying therapy is available to slow or prevent AD, underscoring the urgent need for neuroprotective therapies. Selective M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) activation is an attractive mechanism for AD therapy since M1 mediates key effects on memory, cognition, and behavior and has potential for disease-modifying effects on Aβ formation and tau phosphorylation. To validate M1 as a neuroprotective treatment target for AD, the M1-selective agonist, VU0364572, was chronically dosed to 5XFAD mice from a young age preceding Aβ pathology (2 months) to an age where these mice are known to display memory impairments (6 months)...
February 23, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226630/gaussian-process-dynamical-models-for-multimodal-affect-recognition
#6
Hernan F Garcia, Mauricio A Alvarez, Alvaro A Orozco, Hernan F Garcia, Mauricio A Alvarez, Alvaro A Orozco, Mauricio A Alvarez, Alvaro A Orozco, Hernan F Garcia
Affective computing systems has a great potential in applications for biofeedback systems and cognitive conductual therapies. Here, by analyzing the physiological behavior of a given subject, we can infer the affective state of an emotional process. Since, emotions can be modeled as dynamic manifestations of these signals, a continuous analysis in the valence/arousal space, brings more information of the affective state related to an emotional process. In this paper we propose a method for dynamic affect recognition from multimodal physiological signals...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223373/nicu-based-interventions-to-reduce-maternal-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Tamar Mendelson, Fallon Cluxton-Keller, Genevieve C Vullo, S Darius Tandon, Sassan Noazin
CONTEXT: Parents whose infants are being treated in the NICU are at high risk for depression and anxiety, with negative implications for parenting and infant development. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of NICU-based interventions to reduce maternal depressive or anxiety symptoms. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, PsychInfo, Cochrane, and CINAHL were searched for relevant studies. Reference lists from selected studies were reviewed...
February 21, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222815/cognitive-stimulation-therapy-as-a-sustainable-intervention-for-dementia-in-sub-saharan-africa-feasibility-and-clinical-efficacy-using-a-stepped-wedge-design
#8
Stella-Maria Paddick, Sarah Mkenda, Godfrey Mbowe, Aloyce Kisoli, William K Gray, Catherine L Dotchin, Laura Ternent, Adesola Ogunniyi, John Kissima, Olaide Olakehinde, Declare Mushi, Richard W Walker
BACKGROUND: Cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) is a psychosocial group-based intervention for dementia shown to improve cognition and quality of life with a similar efficacy to cholinesterase inhibitors. Since CST can be delivered by non-specialist healthcare workers, it has potential for use in low-resource environments, such as sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We aimed to assess the feasibility and clinical effectiveness of CST in rural Tanzania using a stepped-wedge design. METHODS: Participants and their carers were recruited through a community dementia screening program...
February 22, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222513/clinical-effectiveness-and-tolerability-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-patients-with-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-of-dementia
#9
Moshe Isserles, Zafiris J Daskalakis, Sanjeev Kumar, Tarek K Rajji, Daniel M Blumberger
BACKGROUND: Dementia frequently presents with aggression, agitation, and disorganized behavior for which current treatment is partially effective and is associated with significant adverse effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to retrospectively assess the clinical effectiveness and tolerability of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in a sample of patients with neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia (NPS) and to explore factors associated with response and with cognitive adverse effects...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221063/what-five-decades-of-research-tells-us-about-the-effects-of-youth-psychological-therapy-a-multilevel-meta-analysis-and-implications-for-science-and-practice
#10
John R Weisz, Sofie Kuppens, Mei Yi Ng, Dikla Eckshtain, Ana M Ugueto, Rachel Vaughn-Coaxum, Amanda Jensen-Doss, Kristin M Hawley, Lauren S Krumholz Marchette, Brian C Chu, V Robin Weersing, Samantha R Fordwood
Across 5 decades, hundreds of randomized trials have tested psychological therapies for youth internalizing (anxiety, depression) and externalizing (misconduct, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder) disorders and problems. Since the last broad-based youth meta-analysis in 1995, the number of trials has almost tripled and data-analytic methods have been refined. We applied these methods to the expanded study pool (447 studies; 30,431 youths), synthesizing 50 years of findings and identifying implications for research and practice...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221062/habituation-of-distress-and-craving-during-treatment-as-predictors-of-change-in-ptsd-symptoms-and-substance-use-severity
#11
Christal L Badour, Julianne C Flanagan, Daniel F Gros, Therese Killeen, Irene Pericot-Valverde, Kristina J Korte, Nicholas P Allan, Sudie E Back
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence supports the efficacy of trauma-focused exposure therapy in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and co-occurring substance use disorders. Little is known, however, about the mechanisms of change in treatment for patients with PTSD and co-occurring substance use disorders. The aim of the present study was to examine whether within- and between-session habituation of distress and substance craving during imaginal exposure relates to treatment outcomes among U...
March 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220089/emotion-regulation-therapy-a-mechanism-targeted-treatment-for-disorders-of-distress
#12
Megan E Renna, Jean M Quintero, David M Fresco, Douglas S Mennin
"Distress disorders," which include generalized anxiety disorder and major depression are often highly comorbid with each other and appear to be characterized by common temperamental features that reflect heightened sensitivity to underlying motivational systems related to threat/safety and reward/loss. Further, individuals with distress disorders tend to utilize self-referential processes (e.g., worry, rumination, self-criticism) in a maladaptive attempt to respond to motivationally relevant distress, often resulting in suboptimal contextual learning...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219749/behavioral-phenotypes-associated-with-mptp-induction-of-partial-lesions-in-common-marmosets-callithrix-jacchus
#13
Kimberley A Phillips, Corinna N Ross, Jennifer Spross, Catherine J Cheng, Alyssa Izquierdo, K C Biju, Cang Chen, Senlin Li, Suzette D Tardif
Parkinson's disease is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder with the core motor features of resting tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity, and postural instability. Non-motor symptoms also occur, and include cognitive dysfunction, mood disorders, anosmia (loss of smell), and REM sleep disturbances. As the development of medications and other therapies for treatment of non-motor symptoms is ongoing, it is essential to have animal models that aid in understanding the neural changes underlying non-motor PD symptoms and serve as a testing ground for potential therapeutics...
February 17, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216800/treatment-of-depression-from-a-self-regulation-perspective-basic-concepts-and-applied-strategies-in-self-system-therapy
#14
Timothy J Strauman, Kari M Eddington
Self-regulation models of psychopathology provide a theory-based, empirically supported framework for developing psychotherapeutic interventions that complement and extend current cognitive-behavioral models. However, many clinicians are only minimally familiar with the psychology of self-regulation. The aim of the present manuscript is twofold. First, we provide an overview of self-regulation as a motivational process essential to well-being and introduce two related theories of self-regulation which have been applied to depression...
February 2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213988/-contribution-of-mindfulness-meditation-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#15
H Vanhuffel, M Rey, I Lambert, D Da Fonseca, F Bat-Pitault
INTRODUCTION: Insomnia is considered to be a serious public health issue affecting approximately 10% of adults. Chronic insomnia may increase the risk of health problem, psychological vulnerability and proneness to accidents. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is recommended as the first line of treatment. Even though CBT-I is widely considered as an effective therapy, 20 to 30% of patients do not respond to this treatment. Mindfulness therapy, known to reduce rumination and stress, could be an interesting complement to enhance CBT-I...
February 14, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213341/the-benefit-of-web-and-computer-based-interventions-for-stress-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Elena Heber, David Daniel Ebert, Dirk Lehr, Pim Cuijpers, Matthias Berking, Stephanie Nobis, Heleen Riper
BACKGROUND: Stress has been identified as one of the major public health issues in this century. New technologies offer opportunities to provide effective psychological interventions on a large scale. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of Web- and computer-based stress-management interventions in adults relative to a control group. METHODS: A meta-analysis was performed, including 26 comparisons (n=4226). Cohen d was calculated for the primary outcome level of stress to determine the difference between the intervention and control groups at posttest...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210270/face-to-face-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-the-effects-on-gastrointestinal-and-psychiatric-symptoms
#17
Hanna Edebol-Carlman, Brjánn Ljótsson, Steven J Linton, Katja Boersma, Martien Schrooten, Dirk Repsilber, Robert J Brummer
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a gastrointestinal disorder linked to disturbances in the gut-brain axis. Visceral hypersensitivity and pain are hallmarks of IBS and linked to the physiological and psychological burden and to the nonadaptive coping with stress. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for IBS has proven effective in reducing gastrointestinal and psychiatric symptoms in IBS by means of coping with stress. The present pilot study evaluated for the first time whether CBT for IBS affected visceral sensitivity and pain...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207912/fear-conditioning-and-extinction-in-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#18
Daniel A Geller, Joseph F McGuire, Scott P Orr, Daniel S Pine, Jennifer C Britton, Brent J Small, Tanya K Murphy, Sabine Wilhelm, Eric A Storch
BACKGROUND: Fear acquisition and extinction are central constructs in the cognitive-behavioral model of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), which underlies exposure-based cognitive-behavioral therapy. Youths with OCD may have impairments in fear acquisition and extinction that carry treatment implications. METHODS: Eighty youths (39 OCD, 41 healthy controls [HC]) completed clinical interviews, rating scales, and a differential conditioning task that included habituation, acquisition, and extinction phases...
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205022/understanding-breast-cancer-survivors-beliefs-and-concerns-about-adjuvant-hormonal-therapy-promoting-adherence
#19
Alejandra Hurtado-de-Mendoza, Roxanne E Jensen, Yvonne Jennings, Vanessa B Sheppard
Adjuvant hormonal therapy is recommended for women with hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer. Though critical, many patients are non-adherent to this therapy. Few scales have been developed to specifically address beliefs about adjuvant hormonal therapy. This study explores the clarity and relevance of the Beliefs about Medicine Questionnaire (BMQ) in the context of adherence behaviors to hormonal therapy in Black and White breast cancer survivors. We recruited women diagnosed with HR-positive cancer from the Washington, DC, area...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203607/epigallocatechin-gallate-a-useful-therapy-for-cognitive-disability-in-down-syndrome
#20
Fiorenza Stagni, Andrea Giacomini, Marco Emili, Sandra Guidi, Elisabetta Ciani, Renata Bartesaghi
Neurodevelopmental alterations and cognitive disability are constant features of Down syndrome (DS), a genetic condition due to triplication of chromosome 21. DYRK1A is one of the triplicated genes that is thought to be strongly involved in brain alterations. Treatment of Dyrk1A transgenic mice with epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), an inhibitor of DYRK1A, improves cognitive performance, suggesting that EGCG may represent a suitable treatment of DS. Evidence in the Ts65Dn mouse model of DS shows that EGCG restores hippocampal development, although this effect is ephemeral...
2017: Neurogenesis (Austin, Tex.)
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