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Cognitive-behavioral therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822879/patient-recall-of-specific-cognitive-therapy-contents-predicts-adherence-and-outcome-in-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder
#1
Lu Dong, Xin Zhao, Stacie L Ong, Allison G Harvey
The current study examined whether and which specific contents of patients' memory for cognitive therapy (CT) were associated with treatment adherence and outcome. Data were drawn from a pilot RCT of forty-eight depressed adults, who received either CT plus Memory Support Intervention (CT + Memory Support) or CT-as-usual. Patients' memory for treatment was measured using the Patient Recall Task and responses were coded into cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) codes, such as CBT Model and Cognitive Restructuring, and non-CBT codes, such as individual coping strategies and no code...
August 10, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819922/therapeutic-alliance-client-need-for-approval-and-perfectionism-as-differential-moderators-of-response-to-ehealth-and-traditionally-delivered-treatments-for-comorbid-depression-and-substance-use-problems
#2
Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Amanda L Baker, Kerrin Palazzi, Terry J Lewin, Brian J Kelly
PURPOSE: This study sought to undertake an exploratory analysis of the impact of therapeutic alliance and dysfunctional attitudes (perfectionism and need for approval) on outcomes for participants receiving therapist-delivered and eHealth interventions for comorbid depression and alcohol/cannabis use problems. These factors have been shown in previous research to moderate response to psychological treatment for depression and related disorders. METHOD: Participants (N = 274) with concurrent depression and alcohol/cannabis misuse were randomized to 10 sessions of therapist-delivered cognitive behavior therapy/motivational interviewing (CBT/MI), computer-delivered CBT/MI with brief therapist assistance (SHADE CBT/MI), or supportive counseling (PCT)...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819814/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-ibs-how-useful-how-often-and-how-does-it-work
#3
REVIEW
Christopher D Radziwon, Jeffrey M Lackner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: While dietary and medical treatments are beneficial for specific GI symptoms for some IBS patients, they have an unsatisfactory track record for the full range of GI symptoms for more severe patients. A number of psychological interventions have been developed over the past two decades to help patients' self-manage symptoms. This review discusses the last 5 years of research on psychological treatments, with a focus on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and hypnosis...
August 17, 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817953/the-evidence-base-for-interventions-targeting-individuals-with-work-related-ptsd-a-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#4
Iris Torchalla, Verena Strehlau
The purpose of this study was to summarize the evidence base for interventions targeting individuals with work-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), to make recommendations for clinicians and administrative decision makers involved in their rehabilitation, and to guide future research in this area. Particular attention was given to studies that were conducted in naturalistic clinical settings or in a workers' compensation claim context. Electronic searches of Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, PILOTS, and EMBASE identified 11 articles...
August 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815684/cognitive-psychophysiological-treatment-of-bodily-focused-repetitive-behaviors-in-adults-an-open-trial
#5
Kieron O'Connor, Marc Lavoie, Benoît Desaulniers, Jean-Sébastien Audet
BACKGROUND: Body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs), such as hair pulling, skin picking, and nail biting, are repetitive, destructive, and nonfunctional habits that cause significant distress. Separate BFRBs form a cohesive group and could be assessed as part of the Tourette/tic spectrum or obsessive-compulsive spectrum of disorders. The treatment of choice is either antidepressant or behavioral treatment, both of which have shown effectiveness. The cognitive psychophysiological (CoPs) model focuses on the tension and emotional build up that triggers habits by addressing cognitive-behavioral, emotional and psychophysiological processes preceding onset rather than the habit itself...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814906/psychosocial-challenges-for-patients-with-advanced-lung-cancer-interventions-to-improve-well-being
#6
REVIEW
Rebecca H Lehto
As compared to other cancers, lung malignancies are associated with high symptom burden, poorer prognosis, and stigmatization. Such factors increase psychological distress and negatively impact quality of life. Research has documented the efficacy of psychosocial interventions to alleviate psychological distress and promote well-being among patients with cancer. This article summarizes the current literature on psychosocial interventions in lung cancer. Major types of psychosocial interventions in lung cancer include cognitive-behavioral therapies, psycho-education, mind-body, exercise, and supportive or palliative care strategies...
2017: Lung Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814317/collaborative-care-for-panic-disorder-generalised-anxiety-disorder-and-social-phobia-in-general-practice-study-protocol-for-three-cluster-randomised-superiority-trials
#7
Nadja Kehler Curth, Ursula Ødum Brinck-Claussen, Annette Sofie Davidsen, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau, Merete Lundsteen, John Hagel Mikkelsen, Claudio Csillag, Carsten Hjorthøj, Merete Nordentoft, Lene Falgaard Eplov
BACKGROUND: People with anxiety disorders represent a significant part of a general practitioner's patient population. However, there are organisational obstacles for optimal treatment, such as a lack of coordination of illness management and limited access to evidence-based treatment such as cognitive behavioral therapy. A limited number of studies suggest that collaborative care has a positive effect on symptoms for people with anxiety disorders. However, most studies are carried out in the USA and none have reported results for social phobia or generalised anxiety disorder separately...
August 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813314/cognitive-factors-in-the-development-maintenance-and-treatment-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#8
REVIEW
Stefanie T LoSavio, Kirsten H Dillon, Patricia A Resick
Cognitive content and processes are central to theories of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In this paper, we highlight recent findings on cognitive factors in PTSD. Evidence for the role of negative post-traumatic cognitions in PTSD has continued to mount, with cognitions mediating PTSD symptoms and predicting PTSD over and above other key variables. Researchers have also continued to implicate cognitive processes like rumination in the development and maintenance of PTSD. Finally, we review how cognitive-behavioral therapies interrupt dysfunctional cognitive processes in PTSD and highlight research supporting the theory that changes in cognitions are the mechanism of these treatments...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813311/acute-stress-disorder
#9
REVIEW
Richard A Bryant
Acute stress disorder (ASD) was introduced in DSM-IV to describe posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms that (a) occur in the initial month after trauma and (b) predict subsequent PTSD. Longitudinal studies have shown that most people who develop PTSD do not initially meet ASD criteria, which led to the decision in DSM-5 to limit the ASD diagnosis to describing acute stress reactions without any predictive function. Controlled trials have shown that trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy is the treatment of choice for ASD, and is superior to pharmacological interventions...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813285/cognitive-behavioral-couple-therapy
#10
REVIEW
Norman B Epstein, Le Zheng
This article describes how cognitive-behavioral couple therapy (CBCT) provides a good fit for intervening with a range of stressors that couples experience from within and outside their relationship. It takes an ecological perspective in which a couple is influenced by multiple systemic levels. We provide an overview of assessment and intervention strategies used to modify negative behavioral interaction patterns, inappropriate or distorted cognitions, and problems with the experience and regulation of emotions...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810998/delayed-diagnosis-of-acromegaly-in-the-context-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-due-to-symptoms-mimicking-known-psychotropic-medication-side-effects
#11
Ray-Bernard Portier, Afshin Afarin, Sara Pope
BACKGROUND: Acromegaly is caused by elevated secretion of human growth hormone, which is frequently because of intracranial tumors. This diagnosis is fairly uncommon with an incidence of 3 to 4 cases per million patients per year. We are presenting a case of acromegaly diagnosed in an active duty Chief Petty Officer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 38-year-old male Chief Petty Officer with no previous mental health diagnosis experienced post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-like symptoms in early 2012 after deploying to Iraq and Afghanistan from 2010 to 2011...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810491/the-body-compassion-scale-development-and-initial-validation
#12
Jennifer K Altman, Ken Linfield, Paul G Salmon, Abbie O Beacham
As the newer mindfulness and acceptance-based cognitive behavioral therapies continue to grow, it is important that corresponding valid and reliable assessment tools are developed and evaluated. This article describes the initial development and validation of the body compassion scale. The body compassion scale is a theoretically derived measure designed to bridge the constructs of body image and self-compassion to provide a targeted measure of underlying mindfulness and acceptance-based constructs. Herein, two studies using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and examining subsequent relationships among other health-related constructs in college-age samples are presented...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810442/evaluation-of-a-web-based-cognitive-behavioral-smoking-cessation-treatment-for-overweight-obese-smokers
#13
Marney A White, Valentina Ivezaj, Carlos M Grilo
This pilot study tested the efficacy of an Internet-administered smoking cessation treatment for overweight/obese smokers. Participants were 54 community volunteers with overweight/obesity who were regular smokers. Treatment consisted of 12 weeks of nicotine replacement therapy and randomization to Internet-administered cognitive behavioral treatment or health education. In-person assessments of key outcomes occurred at baseline, post-treatment, and at 24-week follow-up. Cessation rates did not differ across the two treatments (25...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810136/dysfunctional-posttraumatic-cognitions-as-a-mediator-of-symptom-reduction-in-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-with-children-and-adolescents-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Elisa Pfeiffer, Cedric Sachser, Anke de Haan, Dunja Tutus, Lutz Goldbeck
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the change in dysfunctional posttraumatic cognitions (PTC) during Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) is a mediator of posttraumatic stress symptom (PTSS) reduction in a sample of children and adolescents. METHOD: A bootstrap mediation analysis was performed to investigate the indirect effect of dysfunctional PTC on treatment outcome in a recently completed RCT study with children and adolescents (n = 123; 7-17 years old) that investigated the effectiveness of TF-CBT...
August 4, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809658/impact-of-the-cognitive-functional-cog-fun-intervention-on-executive-functions-and-participation-among-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Jeri Hahn-Markowitz, Itai Berger, Iris Manor, Adina Maeir
OBJECTIVE: We examined the effect of the Cognitive-Functional (Cog-Fun) occupational therapy intervention on executive functions and participation among children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: We used a randomized, controlled study with a crossover design. One hundred and seven children age 7-10 yr diagnosed with ADHD were allocated to treatment or wait-list control group. The control group received treatment after a 3-mo wait. Outcome measures included the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) and the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM)...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807156/metabolic-factors-and-adult-neurogenesis-impacts-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-brain-repair-in-neurological-diseases
#16
Chong Gao, Jiangang Shen
Adult neurogenesis plays the important roles in animal cognitive and emotional behaviors. Abnormal proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) usually associate with the neural dysfunctions induced by different brain disorders. Therefore, targeting neurogenic factors could be a promoting strategy for neural regeneration and brain repair. Importantly, epidemiological studies suggest metabolism disorders like diabetes and obesity significantly increase the risk of neurological and psychiatric diseases...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806614/altered-interaction-with-environmental-reinforcers-in-major-depressive-disorder-relationship-to-anhedonia
#17
Joanna E Szczepanik, Maura L Furey, Allison C Nugent, Ioline D Henter, Carlos A Zarate, Carl W Lejuez
Anhedonia-defined as loss of interest or pleasure-is one of two core symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD). Anhedonia may involve decreased enjoyment of potentially rewarding activities and decreased motivation to engage in such activities. Increased engagement with reinforcers-activities with the potential to be positive experiences-is a frequent target of cognitive-behavioral therapies. Nevertheless, how environmental reinforcers are perceived, and how decisions to approach or avoid them are made by individuals with MDD, is largely unknown...
August 3, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805519/pace-trial-authors-continue-to-ignore-their-own-null-effect
#18
Mark Vink
Protocols and outcomes for the PACE trial were changed after the start of the trial. These changes made substantial differences, leading to exaggerated claims for the efficacy of cognitive behavior therapy and graded exercise therapy in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome. The small, self-reported improvements in subjective measures cannot be used to say the interventions are effective, particularly in light of the absence of objective improvement. Geraghty's criticism of the trial was reasonable and supported by the evidence...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805514/investigator-bias-and-the-pace-trial
#19
Steven Lubet
The PACE investigators reject Geraghty's suggestion that the cognitive behavior therapy/graded exercise therapy trial could have been better left to researchers with no stake in the theories under study. The potential sources and standards for determining researcher bias are considered, concluding that the PACE investigators "impartiality might reasonably be questioned."
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803382/cortical-afferent-inhibition-abnormalities-reveal-cholinergic-dysfunction-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-reappraisal
#20
REVIEW
Raffaele Nardone, Francesco Brigo, Viviana Versace, Yvonne Höller, Frediano Tezzon, Leopold Saltuari, Eugen Trinka, Luca Sebastianelli
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a multisystem neurodegenerative disorder affecting, besides the dopaminergic function, multiple neurotransmission systems, including the cholinergic system. Central cholinergic circuits of human brain can be tested non-invasively by coupling peripheral nerve stimulation with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of motor cortex; this test is named short latency afferent inhibition (SAI). SAI abnormalities have been reported in PD patients with gait disturbances and many non-motor symptoms, such as visual hallucinations (VHs), REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), dysphagia, and olfactory impairment...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
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