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Cognitive Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227840/virtual-reality-for-pediatric-neuro-rehabilitation-adaptive-visual-feedback-of-movement-to-engage-the-mirror-neuron-system
#1
Roopeswar Kommalapati, Konstantinos P Michmizos, Roopeswar Kommalapati, Konstantinos P Michmizos, Roopeswar Kommalapati, Konstantinos P Michmizos
Sensorimotor therapy gives optimal results when patients are cognitively engaged into highly repetitive tasks, a goal that most children find hard to pursue. This paper presents the key developments of our ongoing effort to design an interactive rehabilitation environment that motivates physically impaired children throughout their therapy. The continuous motivation is achieved by the system adapting fundamental therapeutic components to the performance of each child. The relevant movement is mirrored to an animated character projected in front of the child...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226870/effect-of-vagus-nerve-stimulation-on-neural-adaptation-in-thalamo-cortical-system-in-rats
#2
Tomoyo I Shiramatsu, Rie Hitsuyu, Kenji Ibayashi, Ryohei Kanzaki, Kensuke Kawai, Hirokazu Takahashi, Tomoyo I Shiramatsu, Rie Hitsuyu, Kenji Ibayashi, Ryohei Kanzaki, Kensuke Kawai, Hirokazu Takahashi, Kenji Ibayashi, Kensuke Kawai, Ryohei Kanzaki, Hirokazu Takahashi, Tomoyo I Shiramatsu, Rie Hitsuyu
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is a therapy on medically refractory epilepsy, and recently reported to improve cognitive function including learning and memory. The thalamo-cortical system may underlie such VNS-induced cognitive improvements. Thus, the present study targeted the auditory cortex and thalamus in rats, and investigated whether and how VNS modulates stimulus-specific adaptation (SSA) of the neural activity in these nuclei. A depth electrode array recorded auditory evoked potentials from the auditory thalamus and cortex under an oddball paradigm either with or without VNS...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226630/gaussian-process-dynamical-models-for-multimodal-affect-recognition
#3
Hernan F Garcia, Mauricio A Alvarez, Alvaro A Orozco, Hernan F Garcia, Mauricio A Alvarez, Alvaro A Orozco, Mauricio A Alvarez, Alvaro A Orozco, Hernan F Garcia
Affective computing systems has a great potential in applications for biofeedback systems and cognitive conductual therapies. Here, by analyzing the physiological behavior of a given subject, we can infer the affective state of an emotional process. Since, emotions can be modeled as dynamic manifestations of these signals, a continuous analysis in the valence/arousal space, brings more information of the affective state related to an emotional process. In this paper we propose a method for dynamic affect recognition from multimodal physiological signals...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225719/brief-report-cd14-enriched-peripheral-cells-secrete-cytokines-unique-to-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders
#4
Melissa A Agsalda-Garcia, Pasiri Sithinamsuwan, Victor G Valcour, Thep Chalermchai, Somporn Tipsuk, Jason Kuroda, Christie Nakamura, Jintanat Ananworanich, Guangxiang Zhang, Alexandra Schuetz, Bonnie M Slike, Bruce Shiramizu
Monocytes play a vital role in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND), postulated to transport HIV into the brain and secrete pro-inflammatory cytokines. We analyzed cytokines released by cultured peripheral blood mononuclear cells enriched with the CD14 marker isolated from HIV-infected individuals with HAND and normal cognition (NC) in combination antiretroviral therapy naive and after 1 year on treatment. Interleukin-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 levels were higher in HAND compared with NC at baseline (P = 0...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225493/acetylcholinesterase-inhibitor-treatment-alleviated-cognitive-impairment-caused-by-delayed-encephalopathy-due-to-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-two-case-reports-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
Kumi Yanagiha, Kazuhiro Ishii, Akira Tamaoka
INTRODUCTION: Delayed encephalopathy due to carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning can even occur in patients with mild symptoms of acute CO poisoning. Some cases taking conventional hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy or steroid-pulse therapy may be insufficient, and AchEI may be effective. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: We report two cases of delayed encephalopathy after acute CO poisoning involving two women aged 69 (Case 1) and 60 years (Case 2) whose cognitive function improved with acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (AchEI) treatment...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224878/-behavioural-activation-as-a-first-line-treatment-for-depression
#6
Ph van Eijndhoven, A H Schene
Psychological treatments are important to reduce the global burden of depression; however, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), which is considered the gold-standard treatment, is costly and sparsely available. Behavioural activation (BA) is a psychological treatment aimed at overcoming depression by increasing positive activities, with the help of registration and activity scheduling. It is a simpler and less costly alternative to CBT, and is no less effective in the treatment of moderate to severe depression...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224415/effectiveness-of-workplace-interventions-in-return-to-work-for-musculoskeletal-pain-related-and-mental-health-conditions-an-update-of-the-evidence-and-messages-for-practitioners
#7
REVIEW
K L Cullen, E Irvin, A Collie, F Clay, U Gensby, P A Jennings, S Hogg-Johnson, V Kristman, M Laberge, D McKenzie, S Newnam, A Palagyi, R Ruseckaite, D M Sheppard, S Shourie, I Steenstra, D Van Eerd, B C Amick
Purpose The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of workplace-based return-to-work (RTW) interventions and work disability management (DM) interventions that assist workers with musculoskeletal (MSK) and pain-related conditions and mental health (MH) conditions with RTW. Methods We followed a systematic review process developed by the Institute for Work & Health and an adapted best evidence synthesis that ranked evidence as strong, moderate, limited, or insufficient...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223373/nicu-based-interventions-to-reduce-maternal-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-a-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Tamar Mendelson, Fallon Cluxton-Keller, Genevieve C Vullo, S Darius Tandon, Sassan Noazin
CONTEXT: Parents whose infants are being treated in the NICU are at high risk for depression and anxiety, with negative implications for parenting and infant development. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of NICU-based interventions to reduce maternal depressive or anxiety symptoms. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, PsychInfo, Cochrane, and CINAHL were searched for relevant studies. Reference lists from selected studies were reviewed...
February 21, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223129/regenerative-medicine-in-huntington-s-disease-strengths-and-weaknesses-of-preclinical-studies
#9
REVIEW
A M Tartaglione, P Popoli, G Calamandrei
TARTAGLIONE, A.M., P. Popoli and G. Calamandrei. Regenerative medicine in Huntington's disease: strengths and weaknesses of pre-clinical studies. NEUROSCIENCE BIOBEHAV REV (2016). Huntington's disease (HD) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by impairment in motor, cognitive and psychiatric domains. Currently, there is no specific therapy to act on the onset or progression of HD. The marked neuronal death observed in HD is a main argument in favour of stem cells (SCs) transplantation as a promising therapeutic perspective to replace the population of lost neurons and restore the functionality of the damaged circuitry...
February 18, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223082/negative-emotions-and-suicidal-ideation-during-psychosocial-treatments-in-older-adults-with-major-depression-and-cognitive-impairment
#10
Dimitris N Kiosses, James J Gross, Samprit Banerjee, Paul R Duberstein, David Putrino, George S Alexopoulos
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship of negative emotions with suicidal ideation during 12 weeks of Problem Adaptation Therapy (PATH) versus Supportive Therapy of Cognitively Impaired Older Adults (ST-CI), hypothesizing that improved negative emotions are associated with reduced suicidal ideation, PATH improves negative emotions more than ST-CI, and improved negative emotions, rather than other depression symptoms, predict reduction in suicidal ideation. METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial of two home-delivered psychosocial interventions, 74 older participants (65-95 years old) with major depressive disorder and cognitive impairment were recruited in collaboration with community agencies...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223022/early-identification-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-using-incomplete-random-forest-robust-support-vector-machine-and-fdg-pet-imaging
#11
Shen Lu, Yong Xia, Weidong Cai, Michael Fulham, David Dagan Feng
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia and will be an increasing health problem in society as the population ages. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is considered to be a prodromal stage of AD. The ability to identify subjects with MCI will be increasingly important as disease modifying therapies for AD are developed. We propose a semi-supervised learning method based on robust optimization for the identification of MCI from [18F]Fluorodeoxyglucose PET scans. We extracted three groups of spatial features from the cortical and subcortical regions of each FDG-PET image volume...
February 7, 2017: Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics: the Official Journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222822/electroconvulsive-therapy-with-s-ketamine-anesthesia-for-catatonia-in-coexisting-depression-and-dementia
#12
Zsuzsa Litvan, Martin Bauer, Siegfried Kasper, Richard Frey
Information on efficacy and safety of electroconvulsive therapy in patients with dementia is sparse. The current case report describes a patient suffering from severe depression and dementia who received electroconvulsive therapy with S-ketamine anesthesia at our psychiatric intensive care unit for the treatment of her therapy-resistant catatonic stupor. The patient's condition improved remarkably through the treatment. By the end of 16 electroconvulsive therapy sessions, her catatonic symptoms remitted entirely, her affect was brighter and she performed markedly better at the cognitive testing...
February 22, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222815/cognitive-stimulation-therapy-as-a-sustainable-intervention-for-dementia-in-sub-saharan-africa-feasibility-and-clinical-efficacy-using-a-stepped-wedge-design
#13
Stella-Maria Paddick, Sarah Mkenda, Godfrey Mbowe, Aloyce Kisoli, William K Gray, Catherine L Dotchin, Laura Ternent, Adesola Ogunniyi, John Kissima, Olaide Olakehinde, Declare Mushi, Richard W Walker
BACKGROUND: Cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) is a psychosocial group-based intervention for dementia shown to improve cognition and quality of life with a similar efficacy to cholinesterase inhibitors. Since CST can be delivered by non-specialist healthcare workers, it has potential for use in low-resource environments, such as sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We aimed to assess the feasibility and clinical effectiveness of CST in rural Tanzania using a stepped-wedge design. METHODS: Participants and their carers were recruited through a community dementia screening program...
February 22, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222706/low-intensity-interventions-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd-a-qualitative-study-of-mental-health-practitioner-experiences
#14
Judith Gellatly, Rebecca Pedley, Christine Molloy, Jennifer Butler, Karina Lovell, Penny Bee
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a debilitating mental health disorder that can substantially impact upon quality of life and everyday functioning. Guidelines recommend pharmacological and psychological treatments, using a cognitive behaviour therapy approach (CBT) including exposure and response prevention, but access has generally been poor. Low intensity psychological interventions have been advocated. The evidence base for these interventions is emerging but there is a paucity of information regarding practitioners' perceptions and experiences of supporting individuals with OCD using this approach...
February 22, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222552/comparison-of-cognitive-orientation-to-daily-occupational-performance-and-conventional-occupational-therapy-on-occupational-performance-in-individuals-with-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Si-Nae Ahn, Min-Ye Jung, Hae-Yean Park, Ji-Yeon Lee, Yoo-Im Choi, Eun-Young Yoo
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) approach based on cognitive strategy in occupational therapy. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of CO-OP approach on occupational performance in individuals with hemiparetic stroke. METHODS: This study was designed as a 5-week, randomized, single-blind. Forty-three participants who had a diagnosis of first stroke were enrolled in this study. The participants were randomly assigned to the experimental group (nā€Š=ā€Š20) or the control group (nā€Š=ā€Š23)...
February 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222513/clinical-effectiveness-and-tolerability-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-patients-with-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-of-dementia
#16
Moshe Isserles, Zafiris J Daskalakis, Sanjeev Kumar, Tarek K Rajji, Daniel M Blumberger
BACKGROUND: Dementia frequently presents with aggression, agitation, and disorganized behavior for which current treatment is partially effective and is associated with significant adverse effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to retrospectively assess the clinical effectiveness and tolerability of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in a sample of patients with neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia (NPS) and to explore factors associated with response and with cognitive adverse effects...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221063/what-five-decades-of-research-tells-us-about-the-effects-of-youth-psychological-therapy-a-multilevel-meta-analysis-and-implications-for-science-and-practice
#17
John R Weisz, Sofie Kuppens, Mei Yi Ng, Dikla Eckshtain, Ana M Ugueto, Rachel Vaughn-Coaxum, Amanda Jensen-Doss, Kristin M Hawley, Lauren S Krumholz Marchette, Brian C Chu, V Robin Weersing, Samantha R Fordwood
Across 5 decades, hundreds of randomized trials have tested psychological therapies for youth internalizing (anxiety, depression) and externalizing (misconduct, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder) disorders and problems. Since the last broad-based youth meta-analysis in 1995, the number of trials has almost tripled and data-analytic methods have been refined. We applied these methods to the expanded study pool (447 studies; 30,431 youths), synthesizing 50 years of findings and identifying implications for research and practice...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221062/habituation-of-distress-and-craving-during-treatment-as-predictors-of-change-in-ptsd-symptoms-and-substance-use-severity
#18
Christal L Badour, Julianne C Flanagan, Daniel F Gros, Therese Killeen, Irene Pericot-Valverde, Kristina J Korte, Nicholas P Allan, Sudie E Back
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence supports the efficacy of trauma-focused exposure therapy in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and co-occurring substance use disorders. Little is known, however, about the mechanisms of change in treatment for patients with PTSD and co-occurring substance use disorders. The aim of the present study was to examine whether within- and between-session habituation of distress and substance craving during imaginal exposure relates to treatment outcomes among U...
March 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221056/memory-support-strategies-and-bundles-a-pathway-to-improving-cognitive-therapy-for-depression
#19
Lu Dong, Jason Y Lee, Allison G Harvey
OBJECTIVE: Therapist use of memory support (MS) alongside treatment-as-usual, with the goal of enhancing patient recall of treatment contents, has been of recent interest as a novel pathway to improve treatment outcome. The memory support intervention (MSI) involves treatment providers' using 8 specific MS strategies to promote patient memory for treatment. The present study examines to what extent therapist use of MS strategies and bundles improves patient recall of treatment contents and treatment outcome...
March 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220928/malt-combined-motor-and-language-therapy-tool-for-brain-injury-patients-using-kinect
#20
Maitreyee Wairagkar, Rachel McCrindle, Holly Robson, Lotte Meteyard, Malcom Sperrin, Andy Smith, Moyra Pugh
BACKGROUND: The functional connectivity and structural proximity of elements of the language and motor systems result in frequent co-morbidity post brain injury. Although rehabilitation services are becoming increasingly multidisciplinary and "integrated", treatment for language and motor functions often occurs in isolation. Thus, behavioural therapies which promote neural reorganisation do not reflect the high intersystem connectivity of the neurologically intact brain. As such, there is a pressing need for rehabilitation tools which better reflect and target the impaired cognitive networks...
February 21, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
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