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Cognitive Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917225/psychological-treatments-for-adults-and-children-with-epilepsy-evidence-based-recommendations-by-the-international-league-against-epilepsy-psychology-task-force
#1
Rosa Michaelis, Venus Tang, Laura H Goldstein, Markus Reuber, William Curt LaFrance, Tobias Lundgren, Avani C Modi, Janelle L Wagner
Given the significant impact that psychosocial factors and epilepsy treatments can have on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of individuals with epilepsy and their families, there is great clinical interest in the role of psychological evaluation and treatments to improve HRQOL and comorbidities. Therefore, the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) charged the Psychology Task Force with the development of recommendations for clinical care based on evaluation of the evidence from their recent Cochrane review of psychological treatments in individuals with epilepsy...
June 19, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917224/examining-the-effectiveness-of-an-intensive-2-week-treatment-program-for-military-personnel-and-veterans-with-ptsd-results-of-a-pilot-open-label-prospective-cohort-trial
#2
Craig J Bryan, Feea R Leifker, David C Rozek, AnnaBelle O Bryan, Mira L Reynolds, D Nicolas Oakey, Erika Roberge
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) when administered on a daily basis during a 2-week period of time. METHOD: In an open-label, prospective cohort pilot trial, 20 U.S. military personnel and veterans diagnosed with PTSD or subthreshold PTSD participated in 12 daily sessions of CPT. Primary outcomes included Clinician Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 and PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 scores...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916337/examining-the-factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-a-guilt-management-scale-gms
#3
Katy McIvor, Amy Degnan, Lauren Pugh, Laura Bettney, Richard Emsley, Katherine Berry
BACKGROUND: Guilt is commonly associated with distress and psychopathology. However, there is a lack of validated measures that assess how people cope with this aversive emotional and cognitive experience. AIMS: We therefore developed and validated a self-report measure that assesses how people manage their guilt: the Guilt Management Scale (GMS). METHOD: The GMS was administered to a non-clinical (n = 339) and clinical (n = 67) sample, alongside other validated measures of guilt severity, coping, thought control and psychological distress...
June 19, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916030/-the-importance-of-molecular-imaging-pet-in-the-diagnostics-of-dementia
#4
M Tscheuschler, M Gebest, F Jessen, A Drzezga
Due to the expanding older population and increasing prevalence of dementia and currently lacking curative therapy but potentially conceivable availability of molecular-specific treatment to delay the progression of cognitive decline, the early diagnosis of cognitive deficits and their etiological differential diagnosis becomes increasingly more important. The advances in nuclear medicine diagnostics in the field of neurodegenerative diseases within the last few years have been substantial. In this article the relevance of these technologies in the diagnostic process of dementia is described...
June 18, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915949/dietary-supplements-and-fatigue-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Paula Tâmara Vieira Teixeira Pereira, Andréa Dias Reis, Renata Rodrigues Diniz, Franciléia Andrade Lima, Richard Diego Leite, Mayara Cristina Pinto da Silva, Rosane Nassar Meireles Guerra, Érica Brandão de Moraes Vieira, João Batista Santos Garcia
PURPOSE: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is defined as a distressing, persistent, and subjective sense of physical or emotional and/or cognitive exhaustion. The treatment of CRF includes pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies; dietary strategies with promising results have also been used. This study aimed to identify dietary supplements that improve fatigue in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement...
June 18, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915200/subthalamic-theta-activity-a-novel-human-subcortical-biomarker-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#6
Pnina Rappel, Odeya Marmor, Atira S Bick, David Arkadir, Eduard Linetsky, Anna Castrioto, Idit Tamir, Sara A Freedman, Tomer Mevorach, Moran Gilad, Hagai Bergman, Zvi Israel, Renana Eitan
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common and serious psychiatric disorder. Although subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been studied as a treatment for OCD patients the underlying mechanism of this treatment and the optimal method of stimulation are unknown. To study the neural basis of subthalamic nucleus DBS in OCD patients we used a novel, implantable DBS system with long-term local field potential sensing capability. We focus our analysis on two patients with OCD who experienced severe treatment-resistant symptoms and were implanted with subthalamic nucleus DBS systems...
June 18, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914773/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-a-glimmer-of-hope-for-multiple-sclerosis-fatigue
#7
Samar S Ayache, Moussa A Chalah
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological disease of the central nervous system characterized by inflammation, demyelination and neurodegeneration. Throughout the disease process, patients may complain of a panel of sensory, motor, cognitive and behavioral symptoms. Fatigue is a debilitating manifestation of central nervous system diseases with physical, cognitive and psychosocial dimensions. In MS, fatigue could be very frequent concerning up to 90% of patients and may have a drastic impact on their quality of life...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914574/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-post-natal-depression-a-narrative-review
#8
REVIEW
George Stamou, Azucena García-Palacios, Cristina Botella
BACKGROUND: Post-natal Depression (PND) is a depressive disorder that causes significant distress or impairment on different levels in the individual's life and their families. There is already evidence of the efficacy of psychological treatments for PND. We conducted a narrative review and researched the literature for identifying systematic reviews and studies for the best psychological treatments of PND, and examined what parameters made those treatments successful. METHODS: We searched 4 electronic databases...
June 18, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914023/amyloid-mediated-cholinergic-dysfunction-in-motor-impairment-related-to-alzheimer-s-disease
#9
Tommaso Schirinzi, Francesco Di Lorenzo, Giulia Maria Sancesario, Giulia Di Lazzaro, Viviana Ponzo, Antonio Pisani, Nicola Biagio Mercuri, Giacomo Koch, Alessandro Martorana
BACKGROUND: Although motor disturbances parallel the course of dementia, worsening both quality of life and social costs, the pathogenesis remains still unclear. OBJECTIVE: Through the combination of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers assessment and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) protocols, here we provided a cross-sectional study to understand pathogenic mechanisms of Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related early motor disturbances. METHODS: The motor phenotype, as defined with Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) part 2-3, Rating Scale for Gait Evaluation in Cognitive Deterioration (RSEGCD) and Tinetti scale, together with CSF profile of amyloid-β 42 (Aβ42), total-tau, and phosphorylated-tau were determined in 37 AD patients and compared to 18 patients with vascular dementia (VaD)...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914020/bone-marrow-derived-microglia-like-cells-ameliorate-brain-amyloid-pathology-and-cognitive-impairment-in-a-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
Shohei Kawanishi, Kazuyuki Takata, Shouma Itezono, Hiroko Nagayama, Sayaka Konoya, Yugo Chisaki, Yuki Toda, Susumu Nakata, Yoshitaka Yano, Yoshihisa Kitamura, Eishi Ashihara
Microglia, the primary immune cells in the brain, sense pathogens and tissue damage, stimulate cytokine production, and phagocytosis to maintain homeostasis. Accumulation of amyloid-β peptides (Aβ) in the brain triggers the onset of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Accordingly, promotion of Aβ clearance represents a promising strategy for AD therapy. We previously demonstrated that primary-cultured rat microglia phagocytose Aβ, and that transplantation of these cells ameliorates the Aβ burden in brains of Aβ-injected rats...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913998/early-maladaptive-schemas-in-finnish-adult-chronic-male-and-female-pain-patients
#11
Tom H J Saariaho, Anita S I Saariaho, Irma A Karila, Matti I Joukamaa
Background and aims of the study The connection between chronic pain and traumatic experiences in childhood has been established in several studies. The association of emotional maltreatment with chronic pain has been studied, but to a lesser degree. Schema therapy [24] is an extension of cognitive therapy and presents the early maladaptive schema (EMS) concept. EMSs reflect early, mainly emotional maltreatment. The aim of the present study was to examine the existence of EMSs, the association between EMSs and pain variables and EMS driven patterns...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913966/somatocognitive-therapy-in-the-management-of-chronic-gynaecological-pain-a-review-of-current-approach-and-historical-background
#12
Gro Killi Haugstad, Unni Kirste, Siv Leganger, Elin Haakonsen, Tor S Haugstad
Introduction We have developed somatocognitive therapy as a hybrid of Mensendieck physiotherapy and cognitive psychotherapy. Womenwith chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and vulvodynia (chronic pain of the vulvae and vestibulum, VD) were recruited into two separate treatment protocols as described. Methods 60 patients with CPP were recruited from the Department of Gynaecology at the Oslo University Hospital into a randomized, controlled intervention study. The patients were randomized into three treatment groups, receiving (1) treatment as usual, (2) somatocognitive therapy, and (3) in addition receiving cognitive therapy...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913921/applying-dialectical-behavior-therapy-to-chronic-pain-a-case-study
#13
Steven J Linton
Background and aims Chronic pain patients often present with a host of psychological and somatic problems and are unable to work despite receiving traditional pain management. For example, it is common that patients with persistent pain also suffer from a variety of anxiety and depressive symptoms. Indeed, the regulation of emotions may be one important factor that is associated with the development of persistent pain. Dialectical behavior therapy, a form of cognitive-behavioral therapy, focuses on emotion regulation and has successfully addressed other complex problems...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913852/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-fibromyalgia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
G L Olsson, M Kemani, K Jensen, E Kosek, D Kadetoff, K Sorjonen, M Ingvar, R Wicksell
Background Recent developments within cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) have emphasized the utility of acceptance and mindfulness strategies, contrasting interventions focused on reduction or control of symptoms. A study of fMRI changes after CBT in females with fibromyalgia (FM) has been performed and results are presented elsewhere (under review). The aim of the present study was evaluate the effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)-based intervention for patient diagnosed with FM in comparison with a wait-list control Method Female patients aged 18-55 years, fulfilling the American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for FM, and with a weekly self-reported average pain intensity of >40 (VAS 0-100) were considered eligible for inclusion...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913743/somatocognitive-therapy-in-the-management-of-chronic-gynaecological-pain-a-review-of-the-historical-background-and-results-of-a-current-approach
#15
Gro Killi Haugstad, Unni Kirste, Siv Leganger, Elin Haakonsen, Tor S Haugstad
Historic background and development of our somatocognitive approach Mensendieck physiotherapy of the Oslo School is a tradition of physiotherapy founded by the American physician Bess Mensendieck, a contemporary and fellow student of Sigmund Freud at the Paris School of Neurology. It builds on the principles of functional anatomy and the theories of motor learning. We have further developed the theory and practice from this physiotherapy tradition, challenged by the enormous load of patients with longstanding, incapacitating pain on western health care systems, by seeking to incorporate inspirational ideas from body oriented dynamic psychotherapy and cognitive psychotherapy...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913742/combination-of-physiotherapy-and-cognitive-therapy-in-chronic-pain
#16
Egil W Martinsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913734/understanding-the-link-between-depression-and-pain
#17
Steven J Linton, Sofia Bergbom
Background and aims Patients seeking care for a pain problem very often also report symptoms of depression.In fact, depression is associated with the development of chronic pain as well as poor treatment results. Yet, the mechanisms by which depression and pain impact upon one another are not clear. This paper provides a critical review of the literature with the aim of shedding light on the relationship between pain and depression. Further, we introduce the Örebro Behavioral Emotion Regulation Model which may stimulate understanding in addition to research...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913713/spinal-cord-stimulation-background-and-clinical-application
#18
Kaare Meier
Background Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a surgical treatment for chronic neuropathic pain refractory to conventional treatment. SCS treatment consists of one or more leads implanted in the epidural space of the spinal canal, connected to an implantable pulse generator (IPG). Each lead carries a number of contacts capable of delivering a weak electrical current to the spinal cord, evoking a feeling of peripheral paresthesia. With correct indication and if implanted by an experienced implanter, success rates generally are in the range of about 50-75%...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913227/effects-of-bright-light-exposure-on-human-fear-conditioning-extinction-and-associated-prefrontal-activation
#19
Takuya Yoshiike, Motoyasu Honma, Naoto Yamada, Yoshiharu Kim, Kenichi Kuriyama
Bright light (BL) not only regulates human emotion and circadian physiology but can also directly modulate emotional memories. Impaired fear extinction and enhanced fear acquisition and consolidation are hallmarks of fear-circuitry disorders; thus, we tested whether BL facilitates fear extinction and inhibits fear acquisition. We randomly exposed 29 healthy humans to high- (9000 lx) or low-intensity light (<500 lx) for 15 min, near the nadir of the phase response to light, in a single-blind manner...
June 15, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913093/recent-advances-in-the-etiology-and-treatment-of-burning-mouth-syndrome
#20
A Ritchie, J M Kramer
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a debilitating condition that has a striking female predilection. Although the oral mucosa is normal in appearance, patients with BMS experience oral burning that most commonly localizes to the lips and tongue. BMS is a diagnosis of exclusion, and all underlying pathoses associated with allodynia must be ruled out prior to rendering the diagnosis. The etiopathogenesis of BMS remains poorly understood, and thus patient management is challenging. Data indicate that oral and systemic factors both contribute to the development and persistence of the condition...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
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