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Cognitive Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445790/improving-insomnia-in-primary-care-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-nurse-led-group-treatment
#1
Christina Sandlund, Jerker Hetta, Gunnar H Nilsson, Mirjam Ekstedt, Jeanette Westman
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a common health problem, and most people who seek help for insomnia consult primary care. In primary care, insomnia treatment typically consists of hypnotic drugs, although cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia is the recommended treatment. However, such treatment is currently available to few primary care patients. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a group treatment program for insomnia led by nurses in primary care. OUTCOMES: were the Insomnia Severity Index, a 2-week sleep diary, and a questionnaire on frequency of hypnotic drug use...
April 14, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445740/right-brain-left-brain-in-depressive-disorders-clinical-and-theoretical-implications-of-behavioral-electrophysiological-and-neuroimaging-findings
#2
REVIEW
Gerard E Bruder, Jonathan W Stewart, Patrick J McGrath
The right and left side of the brain are asymmetric in anatomy and function. We review electrophysiological (EEG and event-related potential), behavioral (dichotic and visual perceptual asymmetry), and neuroimaging (PET, MRI, NIRS) evidence of right-left asymmetry in depressive disorders. Recent electrophysiological and fMRI studies of emotional processing have provided new evidence of altered laterality in depressive disorders. EEG alpha asymmetry and neuroimaging findings at rest and during cognitive or emotional tasks are consistent with reduced left prefrontal activity in depressed patients, which may impair downregulation of amygdala response to negative emotional information...
April 23, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445631/treating-prolonged-grief-disorder-a-2-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Richard A Bryant, Lucy Kenny, Amy Joscelyne, Natasha Rawson, Fiona Maccallum, Catherine Cahill, Sally Hopwood, Angela Nickerson
BACKGROUND: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) causes significant impairment in approximately 7% of bereaved people. Although cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown to effectively treat PGD, there is no evidence of long-term effects of CBT. OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term efficacies of CBT with exposure or CBT without exposure in treating PGD by assessing outcome at 2 years. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial of PGD patients (N = 80) attending an outpatient clinic took place between September 2007 and June 2010, and a 2-year follow-up occurred between December 2009 and October 2012...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445286/remote-ischemic-preconditioning-improves-the-cognitive-function-of-elderly-patients-following-colon-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Zhenqiu He, Nan Xu, Sihua Qi
BACKGROUND: Cognitive function impairment is one of the most common complications in elderly patients after surgery, and an ideal nonpharmacological therapy has not yet been identified. Thus, we hypothesized that remote ischemic preconditioning could improve cognitive functions in elderly patients after surgery and investigated the mechanism underlying this effect. METHODS: Ninety patients classified as American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) physical status of 2 or 3 and aged 65 to 75 years who were scheduled for elective colon surgery under general anesthesia were randomly allocated to either a remote ischemic preconditioning group (Group R, n = 45) or a control group (Group C, n = 45)...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444695/exercise-therapy-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#5
REVIEW
Lillebeth Larun, Kjetil G Brurberg, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Jonathan R Price
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by persistent, medically unexplained fatigue, as well as symptoms such as musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbance, headaches and impaired concentration and short-term memory. CFS presents as a common, debilitating and serious health problem. Treatment may include physical interventions, such as exercise therapy, which was last reviewed in 2004. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to determine the effects of exercise therapy (ET) for patients with CFS as compared with any other intervention or control...
April 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444253/fear-of-falling-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-which-clinical-characteristics-are-important
#6
Hanan Khalil, Alham Al-Shorman, Khalid El-Salem, Nour Abdo, Alia A Alghwiri, Aseel Aburub, Sarah Shalabi, Firas Al-Mustafa
Background.: Fear of falling (FOF) is an important risk indicator for health related outcomes and quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, factors associated with FOF in MS are not well investigated. Objectives.: This study was done to explore predictors of FOF in this population. Methods.: Seventy relapsing remitting patients with MS were evaluated. FOF was assessed using Fall Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I)...
April 21, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443477/psychotherapist-trainees-professional-self-doubt-and-negative-personal-reaction-changes-during-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-association-with-patient-progress
#7
Patrizia Odyniec, Thomas Probst, Jürgen Margraf, Ulrike Willutzki
OBJECTIVE: This study examined psychotherapist trainees' experiences of "professional self-doubt" (PSD) and "negative personal reaction" (NPR) during cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and their associations with patients' symptoms and interpersonal problems. METHOD: Forty therapists treating 621 patients were analyzed. Patients' symptoms and interpersonal problems were collected repeatedly during therapy. Data about patients' interpersonal problems were available only for 106 patients and 18 therapists...
April 26, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442186/the-acceptability-and-potential-utility-of-cognitive-training-to-improve-working-memory-in-persons-living-with-hiv-a-preliminary-randomized-trial
#8
Sheri L Towe, Puja Patel, Christina S Meade
HIV-associated neurocognitive impairments that impact daily function persist in the era of effective antiretroviral therapy. Cognitive training, a promising low-cost intervention, has been shown to improve neurocognitive functioning in some clinical populations. We tested the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of computerized cognitive training to improve working memory in persons living with HIV infection (PLWH) and working memory impairment. In this randomized clinical trial, we assigned 21 adult PLWH to either an experimental cognitive training intervention or an attention-matched control training intervention...
March 30, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441620/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-is-effective-in-misophonia-an-open-trial
#9
Arjan E Schröder, Nienke C Vulink, Arnoud J van Loon, Damiaan A Denys
BACKGROUND: Misophonia is a psychiatric disorder in which ordinary human sounds like smacking or chewing provoke intense anger and disgust. Despite the high burden of this condition, to date there is no evidence-based treatment available. In this study we evaluated the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and investigated whether clinical or demographic characteristics predicted treatment response. METHODS: Ninety patients with misophonia received eight bi-weekly group CBT sessions...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441619/the-influence-of-attention-biases-and-adult-attachment-style-on-treatment-outcome-for-adults-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#10
Yulisha Byrow, Lorna Peters
BACKGROUND: Attention biases figure prominently in CBT models of social anxiety and are thought to maintain symptoms of social anxiety disorder (SAD). Studies have shown that individual differences in pre-treatment attention biases predict cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) outcome. However, these findings have been inconsistent as to whether vigilance towards threat predicts better or poorer treatment outcome. Adult attachment style is an individual characteristic that may influence the relationship between attention bias and SAD...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441335/systematic-review-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-in-psychosis
#11
REVIEW
Maria Michail, Max Birchwood, Lynda Tait
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety is highly prevalent among people with psychosis and linked with significant social disability and poorer prognosis. Although cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) has shown to be effective for the treatment of social anxiety in non-psychotic populations, there is a lack of evidence on the clinical effectiveness of CBT for the treatment of social anxiety when this is co-morbid in psychosis. METHODS: A systematic review to summarise and critically appraise the literature on the effectiveness of CBT interventions for the treatment of social anxiety in psychosis...
April 25, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441276/augs-consensus-statement-association-of-anticholinergic-medication-use-and-cognition-in-women-with-overactive-bladder
#12
(no author information available yet)
Overactive bladder affects a significant portion of the overall population and has substantial impact on daily activities and quality-of-life. When considering treatment, behavioral therapies should be instituted first, followed by medical therapies. Anticholinergic medications and beta-3 agonists are often used as initial pharmacologic therapy, but caution should be taken in prescribing anticholinergic medications in frail or cognitively impaired patients. Recently, concerns have developed regarding anticholinergic medications and the associated risk of cognitive impairment, dementia, and Alzheimer disease in the general population...
May 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440699/effect-of-treatments-for-depression-on-quality-of-life-a-meta-analysis
#13
Stefan G Hofmann, Joshua Curtiss, Joseph K Carpenter, Shelley Kind
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the two first-line treatments for depression, but little is known about their effects on quality of life (QOL). A meta-analysis was conducted to examine changes in QOL in adults with major depressive disorder who received CBT (24 studies examining 1969 patients) or SSRI treatment (13 studies examining 4286 patients) for their depression. Moderate improvements in QOL from pre to post-treatment were observed in both CBT (Hedges' g = ...
April 25, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440532/the-assessment-of-cancer-related-fatigue-syndrome-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-during-palliative-chemotherapy
#14
Andrzej Nowicki, Joanna Piekarska, Ewa Farbicka
INTRODUCTION: Cancer-related fatigue is one of the most common problems of patients with lung cancer. The assessment of cancer- -related fatigue is therefore a significant medical problem in patients during treatment with palliative chemotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 100 patients during palliative chemotherapy because of lung cancer. The study was conducted in the Department of Pulmonary Diseases and Treatment of Lung Cancer in the Kuyavian and Pomeranian Centre of Pulmonology in Bydgoszcz, in the period from February to June 2016...
2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439398/a-practical-approach-to-the-pharmacological-management-of-hypertension-in-older-people
#15
REVIEW
Nikesh Parekh, Amy Page, Khalid Ali, Kevin Davies, Chakravarthi Rajkumar
Hypertension is the leading cause of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality in adults over the age of 65. The first part of this paper is an overview, summarizing the current guidelines on the pharmacological management of hypertension in older adults in Europe and the USA, and evidence from key trials that contributed to the guidelines. In the second part of the paper, we will discuss the major challenges of managing hypertension in the context of multimorbidity, including frailty, orthostatic hypotension (OH), falls and cognitive impairment that are associated with ageing...
April 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438439/in-ear-medical-devices-for-acoustic-therapies-in-tinnitus-treatments-state-of-the-art
#16
REVIEW
David Ibarra, Francisco Tavira-Sanchez, Manuel Recuero-Lopez, Brian W Anthony
Cochrane reviews indicate there is very limited support for all forms of sound therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy has the strongest support. American Academy of Otolaryngology (AAO) recently published some guidelines which recommends Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for tinnitus intervention, and only indicates that sound therapy should be considered an "option" for intervention. Nevertheless, acoustic therapy could lead to cause changes in the tinnitus perception and has been appreciated by the affected people for years...
April 21, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438238/behavioral-activation-versus-cognitive-restructuring-to-reduce-automatic-negative-thoughts-in-anxiety-generating-situations
#17
Elvira Nieto Fernández, Jorge Barraca Mairal
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have compared the efficacy of cognitive intervention compared to behavioral techniques for the treatment of different disorders. In line with that work, the empirical study presented here examined the efficacy of Behavioral Activation (BA) and Cognitive Therapy (CT) on Negative Automatic Thoughts (PANs) elicited in situations generating anxiety. METHOD: Based on a sample of 42 students aged 18 to 21 who took the ISRA B, BADS and EROS, 18 subjects with the highest scores were selected and assigned at random to one of two experimental groups or to a control group...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438152/a-cluster-randomised-control-trial-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-the-italian-medicines-use-review-i-mur-for-asthma-patients
#18
Andrea Manfrin, Michela Tinelli, Trudy Thomas, Janet Krska
BACKGROUND: The economic burden of asthma, which relates to the degree of control, is €5 billion annually in Italy. Pharmacists could help improve asthma control, reducing this burden. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of Medicines Use Reviews provided by community pharmacists in asthma. METHODS: This cluster randomised, multi-centre, controlled trial in adult patients with asthma was conducted in 15 of the 20 regions of Italy between September 2014 and July 2015...
April 24, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438147/leukocyte-telomere-length-and-depression-anxiety-and-stress-and-adjustment-disorders-in-primary-health-care-patients
#19
Xiao Wang, Kristina Sundquist, Anna Hedelius, Karolina Palmér, Ashfaque A Memon, Jan Sundquist
BACKGROUND: The primary aim was to examine possible differences in telomere length between primary health care patients, with depression, anxiety or stress and adjustment disorders, and healthy controls. The second aim was to examine the association between telomere length and baseline characteristics in the patients. The third aim was to examine the potential effects of the 8-week treatments (mindfulness-based group therapy or treatment as usual, i.e. mostly cognitive-based therapy) on telomere length, and to examine whether there was a difference in the potential effect on telomere length between the two groups...
April 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437761/negative-appraisals-and-fear-extinction-are-independently-related-to-ptsd-symptoms
#20
Daniel V Zuj, Matthew A Palmer, Kate E Gray, Chia-Ming K Hsu, Emma L Nicholson, Gin S Malhi, Richard A Bryant, Kim L Felmingham
BACKGROUND: Considerable research has revealed impaired fear extinction to be a significant predictor of PTSD. Fear extinction is also considered the primary mechanism of exposure therapy, and a critical factor in PTSD recovery. The cognitive theory of PTSD proposes that symptoms persist due to excessive negative appraisals about the trauma and its sequelae. Research has not yet examined the relationship between fear extinction and negative appraisals in PTSD. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of participants with PTSD (n =21), and trauma-exposed controls (n =33) underwent a standardized differential fear conditioning and extinction paradigm, with skin conductance response (SCR) amplitude serving as the index of conditioned responses...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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