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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738658/an-ultrasensitive-chemiluminescence-aptasensor-for-thrombin-detection-based-on-iron-porphyrin-catalyzing-luminescence-desorbed-from-chitosan-modified-magnetic-oxide-graphene-composite
#1
Yuanling Sun, Yanhui Wang, Jianbo Li, Chaofan Ding, Yanna Lin, Weiyan Sun, Chuannan Luo
In this work, an ultrasensitive chemiluminescence (CL) aptasensor was prepared for thrombin detection based on iron porphyrin catalyzing luminol - hydrogen peroxide luminescence under alkaline conditions, and iron porphyrin was desorbed from chitosan modified magnetic oxide graphene composite (CS@Fe3O4@GO). Firstly, CS@Fe3O4@GO was prepared. CS@Fe3O4@GO has advantages of the good biocompatibility and positively charged on its surface of CS, the large specific surface area of GO and the easy separation characteristics of Fe3O4...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729718/magnetic-activated-atp-fe3o4-nanocomposite-as-an-efficient-fenton-like-heterogeneous-catalyst-for-degradation-of-ethidium-bromide
#2
Shuwen Han, Hemin Yu, Tingting Yang, Shengsen Wang, Xiaozhi Wang
Magnetic attapulgite-Fe3O4 nanocomposites (ATP-Fe3O4) were prepared by coprecipitation of Fe3O4 on ATP. The composites were characterized by scanning electron microscopey, X-ray diffractometry, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, energy dispersive spectrometer and transmission electron microscopy. Surface characterization showed that Fe3O4 particles with an average size of approximately 15 nm were successfully embedded in matrix of ATP. The capacity of the Fe3O4-activated ATP (A-ATP@Fe3O4) composites for catalytic degradation of ethidium bromide (EtBr, 80 mg/L) at different pH values, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) concentrations, temperatures, and catalyst dosages was investigated...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723906/genomic-prediction-with-parallel-computing-for-slaughter-traits-in-chinese-simmental-beef-cattle-using-high-density-genotypes
#3
Peng Guo, Bo Zhu, Lingyang Xu, Hong Niu, Zezhao Wang, Long Guan, Yonghu Liang, Hemin Ni, Yong Guo, Yan Chen, Lupei Zhang, Xue Gao, Huijiang Gao, Junya Li
Genomic selection has been widely used for complex quantitative trait in farm animals. Estimations of breeding values for slaughter traits are most important to beef cattle industry, and it is worthwhile to investigate prediction accuracies of genomic selection for these traits. In this study, we assessed genomic predictive abilities for average daily gain weight (ADG), live weight (LW), carcass weight (CW), dressing percentage (DP), lean meat percentage (LMP) and retail meat weight (RMW) using Illumina Bovine 770K SNP Beadchip in Chinese Simmental cattle...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716864/alpha1-antitrypsin-binds-hemin-and-prevents-oxidative-activation-of-human-neutrophils-putative-pathophysiological-significance
#4
Sabina Janciauskiene, Srinu Tumpara, Malgorzata Wiese, Sabine Wrenger, Vijith Vijayan, Faikah Gueler, Rongjun Chen, Kukuh Madyaningrana, Ravi Mahadeva, Tobias Welte, Stephan Immenschuh, Joanna Chorostowska-Wynimko
Heme is a ubiquitous compound of human tissues, and it is involved in cellular physiology and metabolism. Once released from the cell, free heme oxidizes to the ferric state (hemin). High levels of hemin can cause oxidative stress and inflammation if not neutralized immediately by specialized scavenger proteins. Human alpha1-antitrypsin (A1AT), an acute-phase glycoprotein and important inhibitor of neutrophil proteases, is also a hemin-binding protein. A short-term exposure of freshly isolated human blood neutrophils to 4 µM hemin results in cell spreading, surface expression of filament protein, vimentin, free radical production, expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), release of IL-8, and enhanced neutrophil adhesion to human endothelial cells...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707876/fluorescence-light-up-biosensor-for-microrna-based-on-the-distance-dependent-photoinduced-electron-transfer
#5
Shasha Lu, Shuang Wang, Jiahui Zhao, Jian Sun, Xiurong Yang
It is demonstrated that miRNAs exhibit significant regulatory roles in a series of biological processes and associated with diverse human diseases. Herein, we report a convenient fluorescent biosensor for the quantitative determination of miR-21, a key miRNA related to the cardio-cerebrovascular diseases. Our proposal involves not only the rational design of single stranded DNA as the probe, successively including a C-rich sequence as the synthetic template of DNA/Ag nanoclusters (DNA/AgNCs), a complementary (Com) sequence to hybridize with the miR-21 and a G-rich sequence to form complex of G-quadruplex/hemin, but also the distance-dependent property of photoinduced electron transfer (PET) between the preformed DNA/AgNCs (electron donor) and G-quadruplex/hemin complex (electron acceptor)...
July 14, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703007/a-chaperonin-nanocaged-hemin-as-an-artificial-metalloenzyme-for-oxidation-catalysis
#6
Xiaoqiang Wang, Chao Wang, Meihong Pan, Junting Wei, Fuping Jiang, Rongsheng Lu, Xuan Liu, Yihui Huang, Fang Huang
Taking inspiration from biology's effectiveness in functionalizing protein-based nanocages for chemical processes, we describe here a rational design of an artificial metalloenzyme for oxidations with the bacterial chaperonin GroEL, a nanocage for protein folding in nature, by supramolecular anchoring of catalytically active hemin in its hydrophobic central cavity. The promiscuity of the chaperonin cavity is an essential element of this design, which can mimic the hydrophobic binding pocket in natural metalloenzymes to accept cofactor and substrate without requiring specific ligand-protein interactions...
July 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701782/haeme-oxygenase-protects-against-uv-light-dna-damages-in-the-retina-in-clock-dependent-manner
#7
Milena Damulewicz, Agnieszka Loboda, Alicja Jozkowicz, Jozef Dulak, Elzbieta Pyza
In the present study, we showed that in the retina of Drosophila, the expression of the ho gene, encoding haeme oxygenase (HO), is regulated by light but only at the beginning of the day. This timing must be set by the circadian clock as light pulses applied at other time points during the day do not increase the ho mRNA level. Moreover, light-induced activation of HO does not depend on the canonical phototransduction pathway but instead involves cryptochrome and is enhanced by ultraviolet (UV) light. Interestingly, the level of DNA damage in the retina after UV exposure was inversely related to the circadian oscillation of the ho mRNA level during the night, being the highest when the HO level was low and reversed during the day...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701754/clostridium-perfringens-%C3%AE-toxin-impairs-erythropoiesis-by-inhibition-of-erythroid-differentiation
#8
Teruhisa Takagishi, Masaya Takehara, Soshi Seike, Kazuaki Miyamoto, Keiko Kobayashi, Masahiro Nagahama
Clostridium perfringens α-toxin induces hemolysis of erythrocytes from various species, but it has not been elucidated whether the toxin affects erythropoiesis. In this study, we treated bone marrow cells (BMCs) from mice with purified α-toxin and found that TER119(+) erythroblasts were greatly decreased by the treatment. A variant α-toxin defective in enzymatic activities, phospholipase C and sphingomyelinase, had no effect on the population of erythroblasts, demonstrating that the decrease in erythroblasts was dependent of its enzymatic activities...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699284/a-monocyte-tnf-endothelial-activation-axis-in-sickle-transgenic-mice-therapeutic-benefit-from-tnf-blockade
#9
Anna Solovey, Arif Somani, John D Belcher, Liming Milbauer, Lucile Vincent, Rafal Pawlinski, Karl A Nath, Robert J Kelm, Nigel Mackman, M Gerard O'Sullivan, Kalpna Gupta, Gregory M Vercellotti, Robert P Hebbel
Elaboration of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a very early event in development of ischemia/reperfusion injury pathophysiology. Therefore, TNF may be a prominent mediator of endothelial cell and vascular wall dysfunction in sickle cell anemia, a hypothesis we addressed using NY1DD, S+S(Antilles) , and SS-BERK sickle transgenic mice. Transfusion experiments revealed participation of abnormally activated blood monocytes exerting an endothelial activating effect, dependent upon Egr-1 in both vessel wall and blood cells, and upon NFκB(p50) in a blood cell only...
July 11, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696677/monolithic-peptide-nucleic-acid-hybrid-functioning-as-an-artificial-microperoxidase
#10
Koji Nakano, Junichi Tanabe, Ryoich Ishimatsu, Toshihiko Imato
A new peptide nucleic acid (PNA) with an installed peroxidase function has been developed. Fmoc solid phase peptide synthesis prepared a PNA hybrid (VQKCAQCHTVE-(C2H4O)2CH2-[PNA(T)]6-G) that renders the microperoxidase backbone, followed by reconstitution with hemin. The resulting holocompound catalyzed the oxidation of 3,3',5,5'-tetramthylbenzidine by H2O2 to 50% that of natural microperoxidase-11, whereas the apo-form and hemin gave no responses. The peroxidase domain was found to be active toward direct electrochemistry and the PNA hybrid served for gene sensor; in the presence of the target DNA (5'-CATGTATAAAAAA-3'), an electrode-attached DNA probe (5'-TsTsTsTsTsTCTCATACATG-3') showed the ferric-to-ferrous quasi-reversible wave (-276 mV vs Ag/AgCl) through sandwich hybridization...
July 25, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686255/hemin-au-nanorods-self-doped-tio2-nanowires-as-a-novel-photoelectrochemical-bioanalysis-platform
#11
Zhen Wang, Min Cao, Lei Yang, Donghua Liu, Dacheng Wei
As a recently developed detection technique, photoelectrochemical (PEC) measurement has received extensive attention. However, owing to the lack of a comprehensive approach to engineer the photo-generated carriers, the performance is still limited. As an example, a significant use of PEC measurement might be in understanding the roles of glutathione in physiological and pathological processes. Here, we developed a new approach for engineering the photo-generated carriers with the aid of the synergic effect of self-doping, surface plasmon resonance, electrical field amplification effect, etc...
July 24, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686018/detection-of-g-quadruplex-structures-formed-by-g-rich-sequences-from-rice-genome-and-transcriptome-using-combined-probes
#12
Tianjun Chang, Weiguo Li, Zhan Ding, Shaofei Cheng, Kun Liang, Xiangjun Liu, Tao Bing, Dihua Shangguan
Putative G-quadruplex (G4) forming sequences (PQS) are highly prevalent in the genome and transcriptome of various organisms, and are considered as potential regulation elements in many biological processes by forming G4 structures. The formation of G4 structures highly depends on the sequences and the environment. In most cases, it is difficult to predict G4 formation by PQS, especially PQS containing G2 tracts. Therefore, the experimental identification of G4 formation is essential in the study of G4-related biological functions...
July 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684130/indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase-and-iron-are-required-for-mycobacterium-leprae-survival
#13
Mayara Garcia de Mattos Barbosa, Rhana Berto da Silva Prata, Priscila Ribeiro Andrade, Helen Ferreira, Bruno Jorge de Andrade Silva, Jéssica Araújo da Paixão de Oliveira, Tayná Quintella Assis, Thiago Gomes de Toledo-Pinto, Ohanna Cavalcanti de Lima Bezerra, José Augusto da Costa Nery, Patricia Sammarco Rosa, Marcelo Torres Bozza, Flávio Alves Lara, Milton Ozório Moraes, Veronica Schmitz, Euzenir Nunes Sarno, Roberta Olmo Pinheiro
Our previous study has demonstrated that IL-10 may modulate both indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and CD163 expression in lepromatous leprosy (LL) cells, favoring Mycobacterium leprae persistence through induction of regulatory pathways and iron storage. Here, we observed that in LL lesion cells there is an increase in the expression of proteins involved in iron metabolism such as hemoglobin (Hb), haptoglobin, heme oxygenase 1 and transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1) when compared to tuberculoid leprosy (BT) cells...
July 3, 2017: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673558/characterization-of-first-hemin-requiring-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-small-colony-variants-from-the-blood-of-an-octogenarian-male-patient-with-double-pneumonitis
#14
Natsumi Nagano, Hideo Nakaya, Megumi Nagata, Toru Nishizawa, Ryuji Kawahara, Takehisa Matsumoto, Kozue Oana, Yoshiyuki Kawakami
A hemin-requiring Pseudomonas aeruginosa small-colony variant (SCV) was isolated from the blood of an octogenarian male-patient with double pneumonitis. The isolate was capable of growing on both sheep blood and chocolate agars but not on MacConkey agars without blood ingredient. Furthermore, the isolate revealed to grow only around the X-factor impregnated discs when examined using the X and V disc strips. However, not only RapID-NH system but also the VITEK2 system failed to identify the isolate. The isolate was finally identified as P...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667839/multiple-amplified-enzyme-free-electrochemical-immunosensor-based-on-g-quadruplex-hemin-functionalized-mesoporous-silica-with-redox-active-intercalators-for-microcystin-lr-detection
#15
Cuifen Gan, Bingfeng Wang, Junying Huang, Aori Qileng, Zuyu He, Hongtao Lei, Weipeng Liu, Yingju Liu
A novel multiple amplified enzyme-free immunosensor was developed for competitive immunoassay of microcystin-LR (MC-LR). Classical electrochemical immunosensors usually employ enzymes as biocatalysts to afford amplified signals, but the proteolytic degradation and poor stability are still crucial problem. Herein, monodisperse core-shell mesoporous silica (SiO2@MSN)-functionalized DNAzyme concatamers were synthesized to load hemin and methylene blue (MB) as the mimic enzyme. Firstly, the surface of SiO2@MSN was conjugated with secondary antibody as the recognition of MC-LR antibody and with a DNA strand as the initiator...
June 23, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657711/self-assembled-dna-peptide-based-nanoparticle-exhibiting-synergistic-enzymatic-activity
#16
Qing Liu, Hui Wang, Xinghua Shi, Zhen-Gang Wang, Baoquan Ding
Designing enzyme-mimicking active sites in artificial systems is key to achieving catalytic efficiencies rivaling those of natural enzymes and can provide valuable insight in the understanding of the natural evolution of enzymes. Here, we report the design of a catalytic hemin-containing nanoparticle with self-assembled guanine-rich nucleic acid/histidine-rich peptide components that mimics the active site and peroxidative activity of hemoproteins. The chemical complementarities between the folded nucleic acid and peptide enable the spatial arrangement of essential elements in the active site and effective activation of hemin...
July 3, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654887/glucose-oxidase-initiated-cascade-catalysis-for-sensitive-impedimetric-aptasensor-based-on-metal-organic-frameworks-functionalized-with-pt-nanoparticles-and-hemin-g-quadruplex-as-mimicking-peroxidases
#17
Xingxing Zhou, Shijing Guo, Jiaxi Gao, Jianmin Zhao, Shuyan Xue, Wenju Xu
Based on cascade catalysis amplification driven by glucose oxidase (GOx), a sensitive electrochemical impedimetric aptasensor for protein (carcinoembryonic antigen, CEA as tested model) was proposed by using Cu-based metal-organic frameworks functionalized with Pt nanoparticles, aptamer, hemin and GOx (Pt@CuMOFs-hGq-GOx). CEA aptamer loaded onto Pt@CuMOFs was bound with hemin to form hemin@G-quadruplex (hGq) with mimicking peroxidase activity. Through sandwich-type reaction of target CEA and CEA aptamers (Apt1 and Apt2), the obtained Pt@CuMOFs-hGq-GOx as signal transduction probes (STPs) was captured to the modified electrode interface...
June 20, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646881/heme-molecule-functions-as-an-endogenous-agonist-of-astrocyte-tlr2-to-contribute-to-secondary-brain-damage-after-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#18
Hyunjung Min, Boomin Choi, Yong Ho Jang, Ik-Hyun Cho, Sung Joong Lee
Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) was recently shown to contribute to secondary brain damage after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), although the molecular mechanisms of this contribution are elusive. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that hemin functions as a TLR2 endogenous agonist, causing proinflammatory astrocyte activation and secondary brain damage after ICH. Hemin administration to the mouse brain striatum induced ICH injury and neurological deficits, however, the brain injury volume and neurological deficits due to hemin injection were significantly reduced in TLR2 knock-out (KO) mice...
June 24, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644760/expression-and-characterization-of-soybean-seed-coat-peroxidase-in-escherichia-coli-bl21-de3
#19
Changqing Liu, Kai Zheng, Ying Xu, Lacmata Tamekou Stephen, Jiming Wang, Hongwei Zhao, Tongqing Yue, Rui Nian, Haibo Zhang, Mo Xian, Huizhou Liu
Soybean seed coat peroxidase(SBP) is a valuable enzyme having a broad variety of applications in analytical chemistry, biochemistry and food processing. In the present study, the sscp gene (Gene ID: 548068) was optimized based on the preferred codon usage of Escherichia coli, synthesized, and expressed in E. coli BL21(DE3). SDS-PAGE and western blot analysis of this expressed protein revealed that its molecular weight is approximately 39 kDa. The effects of induction temperature, concentration of IPTG (isopropyl-β-D-thiogalactoside) and hemin, induction time, expression time were optimized to enhance SBP production with a maximum activity of 11...
June 23, 2017: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643445/a-novel-electrochemical-biosensor-with-dual-signal-outputs-toward-simultaneous-quantification-of-ph-and-o2-in-brain-upon-ischemia-and-in-tumor-during-cancer-therapy
#20
Li Liu, Fan Zhao, Wei Liu, Tong Zhu, Zh John Zhang, Chen Chen, Zhihui Dai, Huisheng Peng, Jun-Long Huang, Qin Hu, Wenbo Bu, Yang Tian
In this work, we develop a novel methodology for designing electrochemical biosensors with both current and potential signal outputs for simultaneous determination of two important species in the live systems. By designing a new molecule, Hemin-aminoferrocene (Hemin-Fc), we create a single electrochemical biosensor for simultaneous quantification of O2 and pH in brain upon ischemia and in tumor during cancer starvation therapy. The reduction peak current of Hemin group increases with rising concentrations of O2 from 1...
June 22, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
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