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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534562/k-junction-structure-mediated-exponential-signal-amplification-strategy-for-microrna-detection-in-electrochemiluminescence-biosensor
#1
Xue Li, Anyi Chen, Yaqin Chai, Ruo Yuan
Based on the novel designed K-junction structure, an economic and efficient exponential signal amplification strategy with simple protocol combining hemin/G-quadruplex, a mimetic peroxidase, as a catalyzer was proposed and utilized in an electrochemiluminescence biosensor for sensitive microRNA detection. It was noteworthy that the K-junction structure was formed with guanine-rich reporter DNA and substrate DNA modified by phosphate at the 5'-terminus. Thus, the activity of the reporter DNA could be inhibited and the recognition domain for the target microRNA constructed through the K-junction structure formed...
May 23, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534257/a-systematic-survey-on-the-diagnosis-strategy-and-patient-management-of-type-1-diabetes-by-chinese-physicians
#2
Yong Gu, Hsiang-Ting Hsu, Jing Zhu, Xuqin Zheng, Hemin Jiang, Hongqi Fan, Tao Yang
The qualification of physicians is a key factor in controlling type 1 diabetes (T1D) since they provide crucial information to their patients about self-management. To investigate whether Chinese physicians' medical strategies influence the control of T1D in their patients, we designed a questionnaire to survey Chinese physicians, which covered their diagnosis and patient-management strategies for T1D. A total of 442 completed questionnaires were received from 35 public hospitals in 12 cities. The results showed Chinese physicians mainly diagnosed T1D based on the clinical features and islet dysfunction...
May 17, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533132/relations-between-the-loop-transposition-of-dna-g-quadruplex-and-the-catalytic-function-of-dnazyme
#3
Mingpan Cheng, Jun Zhou, Guoqing Jia, Xuanjun Ai, Jean-Louis Mergny, Can Li
The structures of DNA G-quadruplexes are essential for their functions in vivo and in vitro. Our present study revealed that sequential order of the three G-quadruplex loops, that is, loop transposition, could be a critical factor to determinate the G-quadruplex conformation and consequently improved the catalytic function of G-quadruplex based DNAzyme. In the presence of 100mM K(+), loop transposition induced one of the G-quadruplex isomers which shared identical loops but differed in the sequential order of loops into a hybrid topology while the others into predominately parallel topologies...
May 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525849/novel-photoelectrochemical-immunosensor-for-disease-related-protein-assisted-by-hemin-g-quadruplex-based-dnazyme-on-gold-nanoparticles-to-enhance-cathodic-photocurrent-on-p-cubi2o4-semiconductor
#4
Shuzhen Lv, Kangyao Zhang, Zhenzhen Lin, Dianping Tang
A novel p-type semiconductor material (p-CuBi2O4) is designed for the construction of split-type photoelectrochemical (PEC) immunosensor for alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) with the hemin assistant to enhance the cathodic photocurrent. Initially, the photocathode of PEC immunosensor is fabricated by p-CuBi2O4 on a layer of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs, as a front contact of p-CuBi2O4) to enhance the efficiency of charge separation. In the presence of target AFP, a sandwich-type immunoreaction was carried out in capture antibody-coated microplate by using detection antibody and hemin-based G-quadruplex (labeled on the AuNP) as the signal probe...
May 13, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524208/microfluidic-analysis-of-red-blood-cell-deformability-as-a-means-to-assess-hemin-induced-oxidative-stress-resulting-from-plasmodium-falciparum-intraerythrocytic-parasitism
#5
Kerryn Matthews, Simon P Duffy, Marie-Eve Myrand-Lapierre, Richard R Ang, Li Li, Mark D Scott, Hongshen Ma
Hemolytic anemia is one of the hallmarks of malaria and leads to an increase in oxidized heme (hemin) within the plasma of infected individuals. While scavenger proteins sequester much of the circulating heme, it has been hypothesized that extracellular heme may play a central role in malaria pathogenesis. We have previously developed the multiplex fluidic plunger (MFP) device for the measurement of red blood cell (RBC) deformability. Here, we demonstrate that the measurement of changes in RBC deformability is a sensitive method for inferring heme-induced oxidative stress...
May 19, 2017: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513652/an-electrochemiluminescence-assay-for-sensitive-detection-of-methyltransferase-activity-in-different-cancer-cells-by-hybridization-chain-reaction-coupled-with-a-g-quadruplex-hemin-dnazyme-biosensing-strategy
#6
Hui Zhang, Zhihui Guo, Huilei Dong, Hongfei Chen, Chenxin Cai
In this work, a highly sensitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) assay was fabricated for the detection of human DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase1 (DNMT1) activity in cancer cells. The ECL assay coupled hybridization chain reaction with a G-quadruplex/hemin DNAzyme biosensing strategy. The ECL intensity changes (ΔI) allowed detection of DNMT1 activity down to 0.09 U mL(-1), and ΔI was proportional to the logarithm of the activity of DNMT1 within the range of 1.0 to 30.0 U mL(-1) in buffer solution. It also showed high sensitivity to DNMT1 activity in A549 cells, with a detection limit of about 2 cells...
May 17, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512172/in-vivo-hemin-conditioning-targets-the-vascular-and-immunological-compartments-and-restrains-prostate-tumor-development
#7
Felipe M Jaworski, Lucas Gentilini, Geraldine Gueron, Roberto P Meiss, Emiliano G Ortiz, Paula M Berguer, Asif Ahmed, Nora M Navone, Gabriel A Rabinovich, Daniel Compagno, Diego J Laderach, Elba S Vazquez
Purpose: Conditioning strategies constitute a relatively unexplored and exciting opportunity to shape tumor fate by targeting the tumor microenvironment. In this study we assessed how hemin, a pharmacological inducer of Heme Oxygenase-1 (HO-1), impacts upon prostate cancer (PCa) development in an in vivo conditioning model. <p>Experimental Design: The stroma of C57BL/6 mice was conditioned by subcutaneous administration of hemin prior to TRAMP-C1 tumor challenge. Complementary in vitro and in vivo assays were performed to evaluate hemin effect on both angiogenesis and the immune response...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499167/electrochemical-behavior-of-hemin-binding-with-human-centrin-3
#8
Yaqin Zhao, Xuefeng Chu, Binsheng Yang
The electrochemical responses of human centrin 3 (HsCen3) binding with hemin were studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) using glassy carbon electrodes (GCEs). In CV, the formal potential (E(0')) of hemin with the addition of HsCen3 shifted from -0.51 to -0.36V (versus saturated calomel electrode, SCE), indicating that a new species of hemin-HsCen3 had formed. Upon binding with HsCen3, the redox current of hemin in CV and DPV decreased significantly. Based on their titration curves, the association constant of HsCen3 with hemin was obtained with a logK of approximately 4, which was consistent with that obtained from spectroscopy...
April 29, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489953/vascular-function-and-arginine-and-dimethylarginines-in-gentamicin-induced-renal-failure-a-possible-effect-of-heme-oxygenase-1-inducer-hemin
#9
Esra Aycan Ustyol, Merve Kabasakal, Seldag Bekpinar, Ilkay Alp Yıldırım, Ozge Tepe, Murat Giris, Yasemin Ozluk, Yesim Unlucerci, B Sonmez Uydes Dogan, Mujdat Uysal
Increased oxidative stress and disturbance in nitric oxide bioavailability lead to endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular complication in renal disease. Gentamicin (GM), a commonly used antibiotic exhibits a toxic effect on renal proximal tubules. Prevention of its nephrotoxicity is important. Therefore, we investigated whether heme oxygenase (HO)-1 induction influenced kidney and vascular function in GM-administered rats. GM (100 mg/kg/day; ip) was given to rats alone or together with hemin (20 mg/kg/alternate days; ip...
May 10, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489664/changes-in-mitochondrial-ultrastructure-in-sh-sy5y-cells-during-apoptosis-induced-by-hemin
#10
Jiaxing Dai, Pei Wu, Shancai Xu, Yuchen Li, Yishi Zhu, Ligang Wang, Chunlei Wang, Peiquan Zhou, Huaizhang Shi
Hemorrhagic stroke is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Hemin is a decomposition product of hemoglobin that is related to neuronal apoptosis after hemorrhage, although the molecular basis for this association remains unclear. To address this issue, the present study investigated hemin-induced changes in the apoptotic index and mitochondrial ultrastructure in SH-SY5Y cells. Cell viability was evaluated using Cell Counting Kit-8 and by terminal transferase dUTP nick-end labeling, western blotting, and flow cytometry...
May 5, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482607/photosensitive-multifunctional-poly-vinyl-alcohol-micelles-for-enhanced-antitumor-effect
#11
Qingbo Yu, Anjian Xie, Fangzhi Huang, Shikuo Li, Yazhong Xiao, Yuhua Shen
Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) micelles were firstly synthesized by using hemin molecules as novel crosslinked bridges (PVA-H crosslinked micelles). On one hand, the crosslinked micelles can allow high stability against extensive dilution (1800-fold) to reduce side-effects; On the other hand, the bridges not only can destruct by means of laser irradiation (405nm, 200mw), but also can induce the production of singlet oxygen ((1)O2) and the release of 5-fluorouracil (5FU) (i.e. 46% release in 360min). But above all, that 5FU-loaded PVA-H crosslinked micelles irradiating by laser is more efficient than PVA-H crosslinked micelles and free 5FU in killing tumor cells, suggest the effective synergistic antitumor effect about chemotherapy and photodynamic therapy (PDT)...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474157/bioanalytical-application-of-peroxidase-mimicking-dnazymes-status-and-challenges
#12
J Kosman, B Juskowiak
DNAzymes with peroxidase-mimicking activity are a new class of catalytically active DNA molecules. This system is formed as a complex of hemin and a G-quadruplex structure created by oligonucleotides rich in guanine. Considering catalytic activity, this DNAzyme mimics horseradish peroxidase, the enzyme most commonly used for signal generation in bioassays. Because DNAzymes exhibit many advantages over protein enzymes (thermal stability, easy and cheap synthesis and purification) they can successfully replace HRP in bioanalytical applications...
May 5, 2017: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460333/proximity-hybridization-triggered-hemin-g-quadruplex-formation-for-construction-a-label-free-and-signal-on-electrochemical-dna-sensor
#13
Fenglei Gao, Taotao Fan, Jing Wu, Sha Liu, Yan Du, Yao Yao, Fuyi Zhou, Yu Zhang, Xianjiu Liao, Deqin Geng
We describe a novel label-free and signal-on electrochemical DNA sensing platform via proximity hybridization triggered hemin/G-quadruplex formation based on the direct electron transfer of hemin. The thiolated modified G-DNA1 was first immobilized onto the Au electrode surface. In the presence of target DNA, Y-junction-structure ternary complex can be formed to trigger the proximity assembly of G-DNA1, hemin, and G-DNA2, which leads to the formation of hemin/G-quadruplex for generation an amplified electrochemical signal by differential pulse voltammetry...
April 19, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459545/dna-domino-based-nanoscale-logic-circuit-a-versatile-strategy-for-ultrasensitive-multiplexed-analysis-of-nucleic-acids
#14
Hadi Ravan, Mojdeh Amandadi, Saeed Esmaeili-Mahani
In recent years, the analytical application of logical nanodevices has attracted much attention for making accurate decisions on molecular diagnosis. Herein, a DNA domino-based nanoscale logic circuit has been constructed by integrating three logic gates (AND-AND-YES) for simultaneous analysis of multiple nucleic acid biomarkers. In the first AND gate, a chimeric target DNA comprising of four biomarkers was hybridized to three biomarker-specific oligonucleotides (TRs) via their 5'-end regions and to a capture probe-magnetic microparticle...
May 10, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454704/the-normal-vaginal-and-uterine-bacterial-microbiome-in-giant-pandas-ailuropoda-melanoleuca
#15
Xin Yang, Guangyang Cheng, Caiwu Li, Jiang Yang, Jianan Li, Danyu Chen, Wencheng Zou, SenYan Jin, Hemin Zhang, Desheng Li, Yongguo He, Chengdong Wang, Min Wang, Hongning Wang
While the health effects of the colonization of the reproductive tracts of mammals by bacterial communities are widely known, there is a dearth of knowledge specifically in relation to giant panda microbiomes. In order to investigate the vaginal and uterine bacterial diversity of healthy giant pandas, we used high-throughput sequence analysis of portions of the 16S rRNA gene, based on samples taken from the vaginas (GPV group) and uteri (GPU group) of these animals. Results showed that the four most abundant phyla, which contained in excess of 98% of the total sequences, were Proteobacteria (59...
June 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448124/bioinspired-engineering-of-poly-ethylene-glycol-hydrogels-and-natural-protein-fibers-for-layered-heart-valve-constructs
#16
Qian Li, Yun Bai, Tao Jin, Shuo Wang, Wei Cui, Ilinca Stanciulescu, Rui Yang, Hemin Nie, Linshan Wang, Xing Zhang
Layered constructs from poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogels and chicken eggshell membranes (ESMs) are fabricated, which can be further cross-linked by glutaraldehyde (GA) to form GA-PEG-ESM composites. Our results indicate that ESMs composed of protein fibrous networks show elastic moduli ∼3.3-5.0 MPa and elongation percentages ∼47-56%, close to human heart valve leaflets. Finite element simulations reveal obvious stress concentration on a partial number of fibers in the GA-cross-linked ESM (GA-ESM) samples, which can be alleviated by efficient stress distribution among multiple layers of ESMs embedded in PEG hydrogels...
May 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440014/biomass-derived-n-doped-porous-carbon-supported-single-fe-atoms-as-superior-electrocatalysts-for-oxygen-reduction
#17
Zhengping Zhang, Xinjin Gao, Meiling Dou, Jing Ji, Feng Wang
Exploring sustainable and high-performance electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is the crucial issue for the large-scale application of fuel cell technology. A new strategy is demonstrated to utilize the biomass resource for the synthesis of N-doped hierarchically porous carbon supported single-atomic Fe (SA-Fe/NHPC) electrocatalyst toward the ORR. Based on the confinement effect of porous carbon and high-coordination natural iron source, SA-Fe/NHPC, derived from the hemin-adsorbed bio-porphyra-carbon by rapid heat-treatment up to 800 °C, presents the atomic dispersion of Fe atoms in the N-doped porous carbon...
April 25, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428848/modeling-activity-patterns-of-wildlife-using-time-series-analysis
#18
Jindong Zhang, Vanessa Hull, Zhiyun Ouyang, Liang He, Thomas Connor, Hongbo Yang, Jinyan Huang, Shiqiang Zhou, Zejun Zhang, Caiquan Zhou, Hemin Zhang, Jianguo Liu
The study of wildlife activity patterns is an effective approach to understanding fundamental ecological and evolutionary processes. However, traditional statistical approaches used to conduct quantitative analysis have thus far had limited success in revealing underlying mechanisms driving activity patterns. Here, we combine wavelet analysis, a type of frequency-based time-series analysis, with high-resolution activity data from accelerometers embedded in GPS collars to explore the effects of internal states (e...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421813/hemin-causes-lung-microvascular-endothelial-barrier-dysfunction-by-necroptotic-cell-death
#19
Sunit Singla, Justin R Sysol, Benjamin Dille, Nicole Jones, Jiwang Chen, Roberto F Machado
Hemin, the oxidized prosthetic moiety of hemoglobin, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of acute chest syndrome (ACS) in sickle cell patients by virtue of its endothelial-activating properties. In this study, we examined whether hemin can cause lung microvascular endothelial barrier dysfunction. By assessing transendothelial resistance using electrical cell impedance sensing, and by directly measuring trans-monolayer FITC-dextran flux, we found that hemin does cause endothelial barrier dysfunction in a concentration-dependent manner...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412658/cds-mn-quantum-dot-functionalized-g-c3n4-nanohybrids-as-signal-generation-tags-for-photoelectrochemical-immunoassay-of-prostate-specific-antigen-coupling-dnazyme-concatamer-with-enzymatic-biocatalytic-precipitation
#20
Kangyao Zhang, Shuzhen Lv, Zhenzhen Lin, Dianping Tang
A new photoelectrochemical (PEC) immunosensor based on Mn-doped CdS quantum dots (CdS:Mn QDs) on g-C3N4 nanosheets was developed for the sensitive detection of prostate specific antibody (PSA) in biological fluids. The signal derived from the as-synthesized Cd:Mn QDs-functionalized g-C3N4 nanohybrids via a hydrothermal method and was amplified through DNAzyme concatamers on gold nanoparticles accompanying enzymatic biocatalytic precipitation. Experimental results by UV-vis absorption spectra and photoluminescence revealed that CdS:Mn QDs/g-C3N4 nanohybrids exhibited higher photocurrent than those of CdS:Mn QDs and g-C3N4 alone...
September 15, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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