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Jindong Zhang, Vanessa Hull, Zhiyun Ouyang, Liang He, Thomas Connor, Hongbo Yang, Jinyan Huang, Shiqiang Zhou, Zejun Zhang, Caiquan Zhou, Hemin Zhang, Jianguo Liu
The study of wildlife activity patterns is an effective approach to understanding fundamental ecological and evolutionary processes. However, traditional statistical approaches used to conduct quantitative analysis have thus far had limited success in revealing underlying mechanisms driving activity patterns. Here, we combine wavelet analysis, a type of frequency-based time-series analysis, with high-resolution activity data from accelerometers embedded in GPS collars to explore the effects of internal states (e...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
Sunit Singla, Justin R Sysol, Benjamin Dille, Nicole Jones, Jiwang Chen, Roberto F Machado
Hemin, the oxidized prosthetic moiety of hemoglobin, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of acute chest syndrome (ACS) in sickle cell patients by virtue of its endothelial-activating properties. In this study, we examined whether hemin can cause lung microvascular endothelial barrier dysfunction. By assessing transendothelial resistance using electrical cell impedance sensing, and by directly measuring trans-monolayer FITC-dextran flux, we found that hemin does cause endothelial barrier dysfunction in a concentration-dependent manner...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Kangyao Zhang, Shuzhen Lv, Zhenzhen Lin, Dianping Tang
A new photoelectrochemical (PEC) immunosensor based on Mn-doped CdS quantum dots (CdS:Mn QDs) on g-C3N4 nanosheets was developed for the sensitive detection of prostate specific antibody (PSA) in biological fluids. The signal derived from the as-synthesized Cd:Mn QDs-functionalized g-C3N4 nanohybrids via a hydrothermal method and was amplified through DNAzyme concatamers on gold nanoparticles accompanying enzymatic biocatalytic precipitation. Experimental results by UV-vis absorption spectra and photoluminescence revealed that CdS:Mn QDs/g-C3N4 nanohybrids exhibited higher photocurrent than those of CdS:Mn QDs and g-C3N4 alone...
April 12, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Silvina Bartesaghminni, Daniel Herrera, Débora M Martinez, Ariel Petruk, Verónica Demicheli, Madia Trujillo, Marcelo A Martí, Darío A Estrín, Rafael Radi
Tyrosine nitration is an oxidative post-translational modification that can occur in proteins associated to hydrophobic bio-structures such as membranes and lipoproteins. In this work, we have studied tyrosine nitration in membranes using a model system consisting of phosphatidylcholine liposomes with pre-incorporated tyrosine-containing 23 amino acid transmembrane peptides. Tyrosine residues were located at positions 4, 8 or 12 of the amino terminal, resulting in different depths in the bilayer. Tyrosine nitration was accomplished by exposure to peroxynitrite and a peroxyl radical donor or hemin in the presence of nitrite...
April 13, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Joanna Kosman, Jacqueline Jatschka, Andrea Csaki, Wolfgang Fritzsche, Bernard Juskowiak, Ondrej Stranik
Peroxidase-mimicking DNAzyme was applied as a catalyst of silver deposition on gold nanoparticles. This DNAzyme is formed when hemin binds to the G-quadruplex-forming DNA sequence. Such a system is able to catalyze a redox reaction with a one- or two-electron transfer. The process of silver deposition was monitored via a localized surface plasmon resonance technique (LSPR), which allows one to record scattering spectrum of a single nanoparticle. Our study showed that DNAzyme is able to catalyze silver deposition...
April 13, 2017: Sensors
Yuan-Yuan Ma, Mu-Qing Yang, Zhi-Gang He, Mao-Hong Fan, Man Huang, Fei Teng, Qing Wei, Ji-Yu Li
Kupffer cells (KCs) influence liver allografts by interacting with other non‑parenchymal cells. However, the exact mechanism remains unclear. Upregulation of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in KCs upon interaction with mast cells (MCs), and the effects on dendritic cell (DC) function, were investigated in the present study. KCs, MCs and DCs were prepared from 8‑10‑week‑old C57BL/6 mice. KCs were pretreated with PBS, dimethyl sulfoxide, hemin (50 µM; HO‑1 inducer), and zinc protoporphyrin (50 µM; HO‑1 inhibitor) for 8 h...
April 7, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Runnak A Majid, Hemin A Hassan, Dana N Muhealdeen, Hazha A Mohammed, Michael D Hughson
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer has recently increased in post-menopausal Iraqi women. In Western countries at high-risk for breast cancer, there is a bimodal increase in estrogen receptor (ER) positive tumors with a peak of low proliferation rate luminal A over higher proliferation rate luminal B tumors after 60 years of age. The aim of this study was to analyze in Iraqi women whether shifts are occurring in immunohistochemical (IHC) surrogates of molecular breast cancer subtypes toward a high-risk profile...
April 7, 2017: BMC Women's Health
Diego Santa-Cruz, Natalia Pacienza, Carla Zilli, Eduardo Pagano, Karina Balestrasse, Gustavo Yannarelli
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) plays a protective role against oxidative stress in plants. The mechanisms regulating its expression, however, remain unclear. Here we studied the methylation state of a GC rich HO-1 promoter region and the expression of several stress-related transcription factors (TFs) in soybean plants subjected to ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation. Genomic DNA and total RNA were isolated from leaves of plants irradiated with 7.5 and 15kJm-2 UV-B. A 304bp HO-1 promoter region was amplified by PCR from sodium bisulfite-treated DNA, cloned into pGEMT plasmid vector and evaluated by DNA sequencing...
March 30, 2017: Redox Biology
Weiwen Hu, Xuehua Yu, Qiong Hu, Jinming Kong, Lianzhi Li, Xueji Zhang
A novel poly(ethyleneimine)/Au nanoparticles/hemin nanocomposite (PEI-AuNPs-Hemin) acting for Methyl Orange (MO) removal has been synthesized. PEI-AuNPs was prepared firstly and it was then linked to hemin through the coupling between carboxyl groups in hemin and amino groups in PEI without the activation of carboxyl groups. The high reactivity and stability of AuNPs contributed greatly in the formation of the amido bonds in the nanocomposite. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and UV-visible spectroscopy were used to characterize the PEI-AuNPs-Hemin...
March 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Seong-Jin Yoon, So-Jin Kim, Sun-Mee Lee
Background.: Countervailing anti-inflammatory response and immunosuppression can cause death in late sepsis. Depletion and dysfunction of T-cells are critical for developing sepsis-induced immunosuppression. Heme oxygenase (HO)-1 has a regulatory effect on differentiation and function of T-cells and anti-inflammatory properties. We therefore investigated the immunosuppressive role of HO-1 in sepsis with a focus on its effects on helper T-cell (Th) differentiation and regulatory T-cells (Treg)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Koji Mizuno, Shuhei Koeda, Akiko Obata, Jun Sumaoka, Toshihiro Kasuga, Julian R Jones, Toshihisa Mizuno
Here, we developed functional nucleic acid (FNA)-encapsulated electrospun fibermats. To facilitate stable FNA encapsulation in the γ-PGA/GPTMS fibermats, we used the FNA as an FNA/streptavidin complex, and as a representative FNA, we selected a DNAzyme, the DNA/hemin complex, which is composed of G-quadraplex-forming single-stranded DNA and hemin and exhibits oxidation activity with the aid of a cocatalyst, H2O2. Scanning electron microscopy and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy measurements revealed that encapsulation of the DNA/hemin complex (∼1 wt % against the γ-PGA/GPTMS hybrid) in the nanofibers of the γ-PGA/GPTMS fibermats did not affect the structure of the original nanofibers...
April 10, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
J Kosman, A Stanislawska, A Gluszynska, B Juskowiak
Peroxidase-mimicking DNAzyme is one of the systems that recently gained a great interest. It has been successfully applied for designing numerous bioassays. The success of this system is connected to its advantages over a protein enzyme, horseradish peroxidase. Promising strategy for further improvement of performance of DNAzyme with peroxidase-like activity was proposed recently. It was based on the covalent attachment of hemin moiety to the G-quadruplex scaffold. We report here the first attempt of conjugating hemin to the G-quadruplex DNA using click chemistry approach...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Nan Cai, Lu Tan, Yan Li, Tingting Xia, Tianyu Hu, Xingguang Su
In this paper, a label-free biosensing platform for fluorescence detection of uric acid was designed on the peroxidase-mimicking activities of G-quadruplex/hemin DNAzyme and the introduction of caffeic acid. Uric acid could be decomposed by uricase and then produced hydrogen peroxide and allantoin. We thus successfully achieved the indirect detection of uric acid by monitoring the concentration of hydrogen peroxide. The G-quadruplex/hemin DNAzyme could act as peroxidase and decompose the hydrogen peroxide into hydroxyl radicals at room temperature...
May 1, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
A E Kotsyuba, V M Chertok, A G Chertok
First-fourth order pial branches of the median cerebral artery were studied by biomicroscopy in male Wistar rats aged 1 and 12 months. Irrespective of age, CO-mediated mechanisms are involved in the regulation of the basal tone of pial vessels of various diameters (more so of arteries with well-developed muscular tunic). Injection of hemin confirmed that endogenous production of CO maintained vasodilatation and this effect was most pronounced in large pial branches of young animals, while zinc protoporphyrin IX blocked this effect in all cases...
March 31, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Victoria Martínez-Sernández, Mercedes Mezo, Marta González-Warleta, María J Perteguer, Teresa Gárate, Fernanda Romarís, Florencio M Ubeira
MF6p/FhHDM-1 is a small protein secreted by the parasitic flatworm (trematode) Fasciola hepatica and belonging to a broad family of heme-binding proteins (MF6p/HDMs). MF6p/HDMs are of interest for understanding heme homeostasis in trematodes and also as potential targets for the development of new flukicides. Moreover, interest in these molecules has also increased due to their immunomodulatory properties. Here we have extended our previous findings on the mechanism of MF6p/HDM-heme interactions and have mapped the protein regions required for heme binding and for other biological functions...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Li Liu, Limin Zhang, Zhihui Dai, Yang Tian
Nitric oxide (NO) is key free-radical messenger and neuronal signal which is closely related to many brain diseases. It is a challenge to develop a sensitive and reliable biosensor for in vivo monitoring of NO in the brain. In this research, a simple ratiometric electrochemical biosensor for NO monitoring in rat brain following cerebral ischemia was developed using a carbon nanotube fiber (CNF) modified with hemin, in which the CNF not only served as a platform to assemble the hemin molecule, but greatly facilitated the electron transfer of hemin on to the electrode surface...
March 27, 2017: Analyst
Chinju Govind, Venugopal Karunakaran
Hemin is a unique model compound of heme proteins carrying out variable biological functions. Here, the excited state relaxation dynamics of heme model compounds in the ferric form are systematically investigated by changing the axial ligand (Cl/Br), the peripheral substituent (vinyl/ethyl-meso), and the solvent (methanol/DMSO) using femtosecond pump-probe spectroscopy upon excitation at 380 nm. The relaxation time constants of these model compounds are obtained by global analysis. Excited state deactivation pathway of the model compounds comprising the decay of the porphyrin excited state (S*) to ligand to metal charge transfer state (LMCT, τ1), back electron transfer from metal to ligand (MLCT, τ2), and relaxation to the ground state through different electronic spin states of iron (τ3 and τ4) are proposed along with the vibrational cooling processes...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Zhi-Heng Zhang, Wei Zhu, Hao-Zhen Ren, Xin Zhao, Shuai Wang, Hu-Cheng Ma, Xiao-Lei Shi
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been studied for the treatment of acute liver failure (ALF) for several years. MSCs may exert their effect via complex paracrine mechanisms. Heme oxygenase (HO) 1, a rate-limiting enzyme in heme metabolism, exerts a wide range of anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and immunoregulatory effects in a variety of diseases. However, the relationship between MSCs and HO-1 in the treatment of ALF is still unclear. We investigated the preventive and therapeutic potential of intravenously administered BMSCs...
March 20, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Yun-Jia Wang, Qian-Yi Peng, Song-Yun Deng, Cai-Xia Chen, Long Wu, Li Huang, Li-Na Zhang
This study aimed to investigate the mechanism underlying the neuroprotective effect of hemin in oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-treated neurons. OGD-treated SH-SY5Y cells (human neuroblastoma cells) were used in the study. The cellular viability of SH-SY5Y cells was assessed by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, and the cell apoptosis rate was determined by flow cytometry analysis with Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate and propidium iodide staining with or without hemin pretreatment...
March 18, 2017: Neurochemical Research
Maxime Rossi, Antoine Thierry, Sandrine Delbauve, Nicolas Preyat, Miguel P Soares, Thierry Roumeguère, Oberdan Leo, Véronique Flamand, Alain Le Moine, Jean-Michel Hougardy
Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is a major risk factor for delayed graft function in renal transplantation. Compelling evidence exists that the stress-responsive enzyme, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) mediates protection against IRI. However, the role of myeloid HO-1 during IRI remains poorly characterized. Mice with myeloid-restricted deletion of HO-1 (HO-1(M-KO)), littermate (LT), and wild-type (WT) mice were subjected to renal IRI or sham procedures and sacrificed after 24 hours or 7 days. In comparison to LT, HO-1(M-KO) exhibited significant renal histological damage, pro-inflammatory responses and oxidative stress 24 hours after reperfusion...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
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