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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920765/novel-pathways-for-ameliorating-the-fitness-cost-of-gentamicin-resistant-small-colony-variants
#1
Martin Vestergaard, Wilhelm Paulander, Bingfeng Leng, Jesper B Nielsen, Henrik T Westh, Hanne Ingmer
Small colony variants (SCVs) of the human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus are associated with persistent infections. Phenotypically, SCVs are characterized by slow growth and they can arise upon interruption of the electron transport chain that consequently reduce membrane potential and thereby limit uptake of aminoglycosides (e.g., gentamicin). In this study, we have examined the pathways by which the fitness cost of SCVs can be ameliorated. Five gentamicin resistant SCVs derived from S. aureus JE2 were independently selected on agar plates supplemented with gentamicin...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908283/expression-of-a-fungal-manganese-peroxidase-in-escherichia-coli-a-comparison-between-the-soluble-and-refolded-enzymes
#2
Nan Wang, Kai Ren, Rong Jia, Wenting Chen, Ruirui Sun
BACKGROUND: Manganese peroxidase (MnP) from Irpex lacteus F17 has been shown to have a strong ability to degrade recalcitrant aromatic pollutants. In this study, a recombinant MnP from I. lacteus F17 was expressed in Escherichia coli Rosetta (DE3) in the form of inclusion bodies, which were refolded to achieve an active enzyme. Further, we optimized the in vitro refolding conditions to increase the recovery yield of the recombinant protein production. Additionally, we attempted to express recombinant MnP in soluble form in E...
December 1, 2016: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902920/an-ultrasensitive-aptasensor-for-hemin-and-hemoglobin-based-on-signal-amplification-via-electrocatalytic-oxygen-reduction
#3
Zahra Shekari, Hamid R Zare, Ali Falahati
The present study aims at the fabrication of a novel electrochemical aptasensor, Ap-GA-AMSN-GCE, for the label-free determination of hemin and hemoglobin (Hb). Basically, the electrochemical reduction current of hemin or Hb incubated on Ap-GA-AMSN-GCE in the presence of oxygen serves as an excellent signal for quantitative determination of these analytes. By differential pulse voltammetry, the calibration plot was linear in the concentration range of 1.0 × 10(-19)-1.0 × 10(-6) M of hemin and Hb. Also, the detection limits, DL, of hemin and Hb were found to be 7...
November 27, 2016: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895421/carbon-monoxide-contributes-to-the-constipating-effects-of-granisetron-in-rat-colon
#4
Carmela Nacci, Margherita Fanelli, Maria Assunta Potenza, Valentina Leo, Monica Montagnani, Maria Antonietta De Salvia
AIM: To investigate the mechanisms underlying the potential contribution of the heme oxygenase/carbon monoxide (HO/CO) pathway in the constipating effects of granisetron. METHODS: For in vivo studies, gastrointestinal motility was evaluated in male rats acutely treated with granisetron [25, 50, 75 μg/kg/subcutaneous (sc)], zinc protoporphyrin IX [ZnPPIX, 50 μg/kg/intraperitoneal (ip)] and hemin (50 μmol/L/kg/ip), alone or in combination. For in vitro studies, the contractile neurogenic response to electrical field stimulation (EFS, 3, 5, 10 Hz, 14 V, 1 ms, pulse trains lasting 10 s), as well as the contractile myogenic response to acetylcholine (ACh, 0...
November 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892541/multi-strategy-genome-wide-association-studies-identify-the-dcaf16-ncapg-region-as-a-susceptibility-locus-for-average-daily-gain-in-cattle
#5
Wengang Zhang, Junya Li, Yong Guo, Lupei Zhang, Lingyang Xu, Xue Gao, Bo Zhu, Huijiang Gao, Hemin Ni, Yan Chen
Average daily gain (ADG) is the most economically important trait in beef cattle industry. Using genome-wide association study (GWAS) approaches, previous studies have identified several causal variants within the PLAG1, NCAPG and LCORL genes for ADG in cattle. Multi-strategy GWASs were implemented in this study to improve detection and to explore the causal genes and regions. In this study, we conducted GWASs based on the genotypes of 1,173 Simmental cattle. In the SNP-based GWAS, the most significant SNPs (rs109303784 and rs110058857, P = 1...
November 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884416/hemin-ameliorates-influenza-pneumonia-by-attenuating-lung-injury-and-regulating-the-immune-response
#6
Conghui Wang, Yanjing Zhang, LianLian Han, Li Guo, Hui Zhong, Jianwei Wang
The anti-influenza activity of hemin, an inducer, activator and the substrate of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), was examined both in vitro and in vivo. The human lung carcinoma cell line A549 was used to evaluate the in vitro effect of hemin on influenza A virus (IAV) replication. A mouse model was used to examine the in vivo activity of hemin. Observation indexes included survival rate and body weight of mice, virus load and pathological examination of the lungs, and characterization of the systemic and local immune responses...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875949/treponema-iron-and-neurodegeneration
#7
A Jolivet-Gougeon, M Bonnaure Mallet
Spirochetes are suspected to be linked to the genesis of neurological diseases, including neurosyphillis or neurodegeneration (ND). Impaired iron homeostasis has been implicated in loss of function in several enzymes requiring iron as a cofactor, formation of toxic oxidative species, inflammation and elevated production of beta-amyloid proteins. This review proposes to discuss the link that may exist between the involvement of Treponema spp. in the genesis or worsening of ND, and iron dyshomeostasis. Proteins secreted by Treponema can act directly on iron metabolism, with hemin binding ability (HbpA and HbpB) and iron reductase able to reduce the central ferric iron of hemin, iron-containing proteins (rubredoxin, neelaredoxin, desulfoferrodoxin metalloproteins, bacterioferritins etc)...
November 21, 2016: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875751/all-in-one-dual-aptasensor-capable-of-rapidly-quantifying-carcinoembryonic-antigen
#8
Harriet Khang, Kelly Cho, Stephanie Chong, Ji Hoon Lee
Using a dual DNA aptamer (CEA aptamer linked to hemin aptamer), capable of rapidly capturing carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and hemin, an all-in-one dual-aptasensor with 1,1'-oxalyldiimidazole (ODI) chemiluminescence detection was developed for the early diagnosis of human cancer. CEA and hemin competitively bound with the dual DNA aptamer while the mixture in a detection cell was incubated for 30min at room temperature. When Amplex Red and H2O2 were added in the detection cell after the incubation, the yield of resorufin formed from the reaction Amplex Red and H2O2 depended on the concentration of HRP-mimicking G-quardruplex DNAzyme formed from the binding interaction between hemin and the dual DNA aptamer...
November 16, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865419/gpr39-is-region-specifically-expressed-in-mouse-oviduct-correlating-with-the-zn-2-distribution
#9
Jingqiao Qiao, Huashan Zhao, Ying Zhang, Hongying Peng, Qi Chen, He Zhang, Xueying Zheng, Yaping Jin, Hemin Ni, Enkui Duan, Yong Guo
G-protein-coupled receptor 39 (GPR39) plays a role in cellular and physiological processes, including insulin secretion, cell death inhibition, wound healing, and obesity. Increasing evidence suggests that GPR39 is potently stimulated by zinc ions (Zn(2+)) and is therefore considered a putative Zn(2+) receptor. Given the importance of Zn(2+) in the reproductive system, we proposed that GPR39 might have a functional role in the reproductive system. However, the localization of GPR39 in the reproductive system remains unknown...
January 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864701/atomistic-engineering-of-chemiluminogens-synthesis-properties-and-polymerization-of-2-3-dihydro-pyrrolo-3-4-d-pyridazine-1-4-dione-scaffolds
#10
Melek Pamuk Algi, Zahide Oztas, Seha Tirkeş, Atilla Cihaner, Fatih Algi
Two chemiluminescent compounds containing 2,5-di(thien-2-yl)pyrrole and pyridazine units, namely 5,7-di(thiophen-2-yl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[3,4-d]pyridazine-1,4(6H)-dione (5) and 6-phenyl-5,7-di(thiophen-2-yl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[3,4-d]pyridazine-1,4(6H)-dione (6), were successfully synthesized and electrochemically polymerized. The compounds have chemiluminescent properties and glow in the presence of hydrogen peroxide in basic medium. The intensity of the glow can be increased dramatically by using Fe(3+) ions, hemin (1...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856300/hemin-utilizing-g-quadruplex-dnazymes-are-strongly-active-in-organic-co-solvents
#11
Thomas D Canale, Dipankar Sen
The widespread use of organic solvents in industrial processes has focused in recent years on the utility of "green" solvents - those with less harmful environmental, health, and safety properties - such as methanol and formamide. However, protein enzymes, regarded as green catalysts, are often incompatible with organic solvents. Herein, we have explored the oxidative properties of a Fe(III)-heme, or hemin, utilizing catalytic DNA (heme·DNAzyme) in different green solvent-water mixtures. We find that the peroxidase and peroxygenase activities of the heme·DNAzyme are strongly enhanced in 20-30% v/v methanol or formamide, relative to water alone...
November 14, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852672/a-novel-selective-medium-for-isolation-of-bacteroides-fragilis-from-clinical-specimens
#12
Pak-Leung Ho, Lok-Yan Ho, Chong-Yee Yau, Man-Ki Tong, Kin-Hung Chow
A novel Bacteroides fragilis selective (BFS) medium, consisting of a brain-heart infusion agar base supplemented with yeast extract, cysteine hydrochloride, bile salts, Vitamin K, hemin, glucose, esculin, ferric ammonium citrate, bromothymol blue, gentamicin, kanamycin and novobiocin, was evaluated. When BFS agar was tested with a collection of 303 bacteria of different genera, it allowed the growth of B. fragilis as large yellow colonies with blackening of the medium after 48 h of anaerobic incubation while the growth of most other anaerobes, facultative anaerobes and aerobes were inhibited...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845444/investigation-of-tbfa-in-riemerella-anatipestifer-using-plasmid-based-methods-for-gene-over-expression-and-knockdown
#13
MaFeng Liu, MengYi Wang, DeKang Zhu, MingShu Wang, RenYong Jia, Shun Chen, KunFeng Sun, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, XiaoYue Chen, Francis Biville, AnChun Cheng
Riemerella anatipestifer is a duck pathogen that has caused serious economic losses to the duck industry worldwide. Despite this, there are few reported studies of the physiological and pathogenic mechanisms of Riemerella anatipestifer infection. In previous study, we have shown that TonB1 and TonB2 were involved in hemin uptake. TonB family protein (TbfA) was not investigated, since knockout of this gene was not successful at that time. Here, we used a plasmid based gene over-expression and knockdown to investigate its function...
November 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836609/target-triggered-dna-nanoassembly-on-quantum-dots-and-dnazyme-modulated-double-quenching-for-ultrasensitive-microrna-biosensing
#14
Rui Yuan, Xiaolin Yu, Yuhong Zhang, Lulu Xu, Wei Cheng, Zhiguang Tu, Shijia Ding
Herein, a simple and novel fluorescence biosensing strategy has been developed for ultrasensitive determination of microRNA (miRNA) by combining target-triggered DNA nanoassembly on quantum dots (QDs) with DNAzyme-modulated double quenching of QDs. In presence of miRNA target, the target triggered catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA) amplification and powered highly efficient DNA nanoassembly on the surface of QDs, leading to exhibition of numerous G-quadruplexes close to the QDs. The G-quadruplex folded properly and bound hemin to form a stable G-quadruplex/hemin complex...
November 5, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836589/a-novel-non-invasive-detection-method-for-the-fgfr3-gene-mutation-in-maternal-plasma-for-a-fetal-achondroplasia-diagnosis-based-on-signal-amplification-by-hemin-mofs-ptnps
#15
Jun Chen, Chao Yu, Yilin Zhao, Yazhen Niu, Lei Zhang, Yujie Yu, Jing Wu, Junlin He
The small amount of cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) can be a useful biomarker for early non-invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD) of achondroplasia. In this study, a novel non-invasive electrochemical DNA sensor for ultrasensitive detecting FGFR3 mutation gene, a pathogenic gene of achondroplasia, based on biocatalytic signal materials and the biotin-streptavidin system are presented. Notably encapsulation of hemin in metal-organic frameworks-based materials (hemin-MOFs) and platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) were used to prepare hemin-MOFs/PtNPs composites via a one-beaker-one-step reduction...
November 1, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830717/effect-of-heme-oxygenase-1-on-mitofusin-1-protein-in-lps-induced-ali-ards-in-rats
#16
Jianbo Yu, Ying Wang, Zhen Li, Shuan Dong, Dan Wang, Lirong Gong, Jia Shi, Yuan Zhang, Daquan Liu, Rui Mu
Acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common and important oxidative stress in the lung. Mitochondrial fusion responds to the normal morphology and function of cells and is finely regulated by mitochondrial fusion proteins, such as mitofusin-1 protein (Mfn1), mitofusin-2 protein (Mfn2) and optical atrophy 1 (OPA1). Additionally, Mfn1 has been identified as the most important protein in mitochondrial fusion. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a stress-inducible protein that plays a critical role in protecting against oxidative stress...
November 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823668/a-label-free-ultrasensitive-assay-of-8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine-in-human-serum-and-urine-samples-via-polyaniline-deposition-and-tetrahedral-dna-nanostructure
#17
Jiahui Fan, Yuanjian Liu, Ensheng Xu, Yuanjian Zhang, Wei Wei, Lihong Yin, Yuepu Pu, Songqin Liu
Oxidative damage is an important factor in causing various human disease and injury. As an oxidative DNA damage product, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is a key marker, which is widely used to study oxidative damage mechanism in diseases. Most reported electrochemical methods were based on oxidation current of 8-OHdG. In this work, a simple electrochemical biosensor for ultrasensitive detection of 8-OHdG was proposed based on it triggered polyaniline (PANI) deposition on tetrahedral DNA nanostructure (TDN)...
November 23, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815112/induction-of-heme-oxygenase-1-with-hemin-alleviates-cisplatin-induced-reproductive-toxicity-in-male-rats-and-enhances-its-cytotoxicity-in-prostate-cancer-cell-line
#18
Gehan Hussein Heeba, Alaaeldin Ahmed Hamza, Soha Osama Hassanin
Cisplatin-induced testicular damage is a major obstacle in the application of cisplatin as chemotherapeutic agent. However, it remains as one of the most widely employed anticancer agents in treating various solid tumors including prostate cancer. Since heme-oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a cytoprotective enzyme with anti-oxidative stress, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities, we investigated the effects of up-regulation of HO-1 by hemin and its inhibition by zinc protoporphyrin-IX (ZnPP) on cisplatin-induced testicular toxicity in adult rats...
November 1, 2016: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813006/dna-g-quadruplex-based-assay-of-enzyme-activity
#19
Zhuoliang Liu, Kaiyu He, Wang Li, Xin Liu, Xiahong Xu, Zhou Nie, Shouzhuo Yao
DNA G-quadruplexes are special three-dimensional (3D) DNA nanostructures formed by specific G-rich DNA sequences. These 3D DNA nanostructures can bind with hemin and significantly improve the intrinsic peroxidase activity of hemin. Besides this function, they also enhance the fluorescence intensity of some G-quadruplex-specific dyes. Owing to these features, G-quadruplexes possess several superiorities in the detection of enzymes involved in nucleic acid metabolism, including facile probe fabrication without labeling, simple detection process without washing or separation steps, rapid observation by naked eyes, and easy integration with nucleic acid amplification strategies to amplify signals...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812097/investigation-of-factors-affecting-aerobic-and-respiratory-growth-in-the-oxygen-tolerant-strain-lactobacillus-casei-n87
#20
Rocco G Ianniello, Teresa Zotta, Attilio Matera, Francesco Genovese, Eugenio Parente, Annamaria Ricciardi
Aerobic and respiratory cultivations provide benefits for some lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Growth, metabolites, enzymatic activities (lactate dehydrogenase; pyruvate and NADH oxidases, NADH peroxidase; catalase), antioxidant capability and stress tolerance of Lactobacillus casei N87 were evaluated in anaerobic, aerobic and respiratory (aerobiosis with heme and menaquinone supplementation) batch cultivations with different dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations. The expression of pox (pyruvate oxidase) and cydABCD operon (cytochrome bd oxidase complex) was quantified by quantitative Real Time polymerase chain reaction...
2016: PloS One
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