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Cephalic index

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614795/full-atrioventricular-block-secondary-to-acute-poisoning-mercury-a-case-report
#1
Amelia Geraldine Peregrina-Chávez, María Del Rayo Ramírez-Galindo, Rolando Chávez-Martínez, Cesar Anuar Delahanty-Delgado, Fernando Vazquez-Alaniz
Background: The biological behaviour and clinical significance of mercury toxicity vary according to its chemical structure. Mercury differs in its degree of toxicity and in its effects on the nervous, digestive and immune systems as well as on organs such as the lungs, kidneys, skin, eyes and heart. Human exposure occurs mainly through inhalation of elemental mercury vapours during industrial and artisanal processes such as artisanal and small-scale gold mining. Case presentation: A 52-years-old female, housewife, with a body mass index of 25...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584790/extreme-umbilical-cord-lengths-cord-knot-and-entanglement-risk-factors-and-risk-of-adverse-outcomes-a-population-based-study
#2
Lorentz Erland Linde, Svein Rasmussen, Jörg Kessler, Cathrine Ebbing
OBJECTIVES: To determine risk factors for short and long umbilical cord, entanglement and knot. Explore their associated risks of adverse maternal and perinatal outcome, including risk of recurrence in a subsequent pregnancy. To provide population based gestational age and sex and parity specific reference ranges for cord length. DESIGN: Population based registry study. SETTING: Medical Birth Registry of Norway 1999-2013. POPULATION: All singleton births (gestational age>22weeks<45 weeks) (n = 856 300)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554827/one-stage-operation-for-superficialization-of-native-radio-cephalic-fistula-in-obese-patients
#3
Takao Okawa, Masaaki Murakami, Ryo Yamada, Satoshi Tanaka, Kiyoshi Mori, Noriko Mori
PURPOSE: The population of obese patients is increasing in general and also at hemodialysis initiation. For successful cannulation of arteriovenous fistula, the National Kidney Foundation-Dialysis Outcome Quality Initiative guidelines suggest that the required maturation parameters are at a depth of <6 mm. There are several reports describing two-stage superficialization of arteriovenous fistulas in obese cases. Therefore, we investigated the utility and complications of one-stage superficialization of radio-cephalic fistula...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543324/changes-in-intracranial-volume-and-cranial-shape-in-modern-koreans-over-four-decades
#4
Ye Sel Kim, In Sung Park, Hyun Jung Kim, Dasom Kim, Nam Joon Lee, Im Joo Rhyu
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether there was any secular change in cranial vault morphology among Koreans born between the 1930s and 1970s, a period of dramatic shift in Korea's socioeconomic conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using three-dimensional MRI volumetry, we obtained the intracranial volume (ICV) and craniometric measurements of 115 healthy Koreans: 58 individuals (32 males and 26 females) born in the 1930s (1926-1936) and 57 (28 males and 29 females) born in the 1970s (1972-1979)...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534623/secular-trend-of-head-and-face-shape-in-adult-population-of-vojvodina-serbia
#5
Tatjana M Pavlica, Rada S Rakić, Verica S Krstić, Biljana Đ Srdić-Galić
BACKGROUND: Different populations show variation in the pattern of change in craniofacial dimensions over time. Earlier studies of craniofacial traits in the Republic of Serbia were carried out without any particular reference to secular changes. AIM: The aim of the study is to determine possible changes in craniofacial dimensions among the adult population of Vojvodina (Serbia) during 33 year period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The findings of the study are based on the comparison of data from two cross-sectional surveys...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526374/independent-association-of-arteriovenous-ratio-index-on-the-primary-functional-maturation-of-autologous-radiocephalic-arteriovenous-fistula
#6
Ali Kordzadeh, Alan Askari, Yiannis Panayiotopoulos
OBJECTIVE: It has been hypothesized that a novel measurement technique of arteriovenous ratio (AVR) index obtained from inflow (radial artery diameter) to that of outflow (cephalic vein diameter) and its application through the Bernoulli effect has no impact on the primary functional maturation (FM) of autogenous radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula (RCAVF). METHODS: A prospective consecutive single-center cohort study with intention to treat of 324 patients undergoing RCAVF during a period of 4 years was conducted...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517177/basilic-vein-transposition-for-unsuitable-upper-arm-hemodialysis-needle-access-segment-may-attenuate-concurrent-hand-ischemia
#7
Michael W M Gerrickens, Roel H D Vaes, Bastiaan Govaert, Joep A W Teijink, Marc R Scheltinga
INTRODUCTION: Some hemodialysis patients with a brachial arteriovenous fistula (AVF) have an unsuitable upper arm needle access segment (NAS) necessitating basilic vein transposition (BVT). It was frequently observed that a portion of these patients spontaneously experienced a warmer and less painful dialysis hand after BVT. Aim of this study was to determine whether BVT for an inadequate NAS attenuated hemodialysis access-induced distal ischemia in patients with a brachial AVF. METHODS: Patients with a brachial AVF and an unsuitable NAS also reporting hand ischemia and scheduled to undergo BVT between 2005 and 2016 in a single facility were studied...
March 8, 2018: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485598/reply-an-appraisal-of-the-cephalic-index-in-sagittal-craniosynostosis-and-the-unseen-third-dimension
#8
Jeffrey A Fearon, Kanlaya Ditthakasem, Morley Herbert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485597/an-appraisal-of-the-cephalic-index-in-sagittal-craniosynostosis-and-the-unseen-third-dimension
#9
Christopher A Derderian, Rami Hallac, Alex A Kane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481495/virtual-surgical-planning-for-correction-of-delayed-presentation-scaphocephaly-using-a-modified-melbourne-technique
#10
Alexandra Macmillan, Joseph Lopez, Gerhard S Mundinger, Melanie Major, Miguel A Medina, Amir H Dorafshar
BACKGROUND: Late treatment of scaphocephaly presents challenges including need for more complex surgery to achieve desired head shape. Virtual surgical planning for total vault reconstruction may mitigate some of these challenges, but has not been studied in this unique and complex clinical setting. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for patients with scaphocephaly who presented to our institution between 2000 and 2014. Patients presenting aged 12 months or older who underwent virtual surgical planning-assisted cranial vault reconstruction were included...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430564/sensory-symptom-profiles-differ-between-trigeminal-and-thoracolumbar-postherpetic-neuralgia
#11
Stefanie Rehm, Moritz Groβkopf, Maria Kabelitz, Thomas Keller, Rainer Freynhagen, Thomas R Tölle, Ralf Baron
Introduction: Animal experimental evidence suggests that mechanisms of pain generation and response to treatment differ between neuropathic pain in the cephalic and the extracephalic innervation territories. Objectives: The objective of the study was to examine whether in humans an identical peripheral painful neuropathy is associated with different pain qualities and sensory abnormalities in the face as compared with the thoracic region. Methods: We retrospectively analysed epidemiological and clinical data of 639 patients with postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) in the face and at the trunk who were collected within a cross-sectional cohort survey and compared the respective sensory symptom profiles captured with the painDETECT questionnaire...
January 2018: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426585/location-of-the-euryon-in-scaphocephalic-vs-non-scaphocephalic-controls-a-novel-assessment-of-cranial-vault-remodeling-outcomes
#12
Ryan Winters, Sherard A Tatum
We describe a novel measurement of cranial morphology in pre- and post-operative scaphocephalic patients to complement the cephalic index. This will better describe restoration of normal skull and head shape, further defining the nuances of the corrected skull. In this retrospective comparative study the location of the euryon on the skull was statistically significantly different in preoperative scaphocephalic patients versus non-scaphocephalic controls. This difference was resolved with surgical cranial vault remodeling, indicating restoration of a normal skull profile...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381616/spring-mediated-cranioplasty-in-sagittal-synostosis-does-age-at-placement-affect-expansion
#13
James Sun, Netanja S Ter Maaten, Daniel M Mazzaferro, Ari M Wes, Sanjay Naran, Scott P Bartlett, Jesse A Taylor
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of timing of surgery and spring characteristics on correction of scaphocephalic deformity in patients undergoing spring-mediated cranioplasty (SMC) for sagittal craniosynostosis. METHODS: The authors conducted a review of patients with sagittal craniosynostosis who underwent SMC at a tertiary referral center between July 2011 and March 2017, with a primary outcome measure of head shape, both preoperatively and postoperatively, determined by cephalic index (CI)...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355061/the-impact-of-maternal-body-mass-index-on-external-cephalic-version-success
#14
Shahrukh Chaudhary, Stephen Contag, Ruofan Yao
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the association between body mass index (BMI) and success of ECV. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of singleton live births in the USA from 2010 to 2014 using birth certificate data. Patients were assigned a BMI category according to standard WHO classification. Comparisons of success of ECV between the BMI categories were made using chi-square analysis with normal BMI as the reference group. Cochran-Armitage test was performed to look for a trend of decreasing success of ECV as BMI increased...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303454/head-shape-at-age-36-months-among-children-with-and-without-a-history-of-positional-skull-deformation
#15
Brent R Collett, Brian G Leroux, Erin R Wallace, Emily Gallagher, Jason Shao, Matthew L Speltz
OBJECTIVE In this study, the authors examined head shape through age 36 months for children with and without a history of positional plagiocephaly and/or brachycephaly (PPB). METHODS Infants with PPB (cases) were identified through a craniofacial clinic at the time of diagnosis. Infants without diagnosed PPB were identified through a participant registry. Clinician ratings of 3D cranial images were used to confirm the presence or absence of PPB. The cohort included 235 case infants (diagnosed PPB, confirmed with 3D imaging), 167 unaffected controls (no diagnosed PPB, no deformation detected), and 70 affected controls (no diagnosed PPB, discernible skull deformation)...
March 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215514/misoprostol-with-foley-bulb-compared-with-misoprostol-alone-for-cervical-ripening-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Zainab Al-Ibraheemi, Lois Brustman, Brianne E Bimson, Natalie Porat, Barak Rosenn
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that cervical ripening using a combination of misoprostol and a transcervical Foley bulb leads to delivery within a shorter time compared with misoprostol alone. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was offered to women admitted for cervical ripening. Inclusion criteria were gestational age 37 weeks or greater with intact membranes, singleton fetus, cephalic presentation, and Bishop score 6 or less. Exclusion criteria included, among others, prior uterine surgery, ruptured membranes, and any contraindication to vaginal delivery...
January 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184744/multidirectional-cranial-distraction-osteogenesis-with-simplified-modifications-for-treating-sagittal-synostosis
#17
Ataru Sunaga, Yasushi Sugawara, Hideaki Kamochi, Akira Gomi, Daekwan Chi, Rintaro Asahi, Masanori Mori, Shunji Sarukawa, Hirokazu Uda, Kotaro Yoshimura
Background: Multidirectional cranial distraction osteogenesis (MCDO) is a procedure of ours developed earlier for treating craniosynostosis. However, the numerous bone flaps led to prolonged operative time and occasional bone detachment from dura. We have since simplified the osteotomy design. In treating sagittal synostosis, required bone flaps have been reduced to 11 (from ~20). Methods: In a 2-year period (2014-2015), 5 boys with sagittal synostosis underwent MCDO using our simplified and fixed-form osteotomy...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179271/-relationship-between-the-risk-of-emergency-cesarean-section-for-nullipara-with-the-prepregnancy-body-mass-index-or-gestational-weight-gain
#18
R F Zhao, W Y Zhang, L Zhou
Objective: To investigate the risk of emergency cesarean section during labor with the pre-pregnancy body mass index or gestational weight gain. Methods: A total of 6 908 healthy nullipara with singleton pregnancy and cephalic presentation who was in term labor in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from August 1(st), 2014 to September 30(th), 2015 were recruited. They were divided into two groups, the vaginal delivery group (92.88%, 6 416/6 908) and the emergency cesarean section group (7.12%, 492/6 908)...
November 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172721/anogenital-distance-and-variability-in-semen-parameters
#19
José J López-Espín, Consuelo Pérez-Palazón, Ana B Maldonado-Cárceles, José D Román-Arias, Jaime Mendiola, Alberto M Torres-Cantero
The purpose of this study was to analyze whether the anogenital distance (AGD) was associated with variability in semen parameters. Semen parameters analyzed following the WHO guidelines and sperm DNA fragmentation were evaluated in 160 semen samples obtained over a period of a year from 16 healthy male volunteers. Two types of AGD measurements from the anus to the rear base of the scrotum (AGDAS ) and to the cephalic insertion of the penis (AGDAP ) were taken in each individual. The association between AGDs and semen parameters were studied using three statistical tools: a) general coefficient of variation (CV) and intra-individual coefficient of variation (CVi ), b) general linear models for repeated measures, and c) mixed model fixed effects panel data...
February 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145969/late-postoperative-analysis-of-the-tip-apex-distance-tad-in-pertrochanteric-fractures-is-there-an-accommodation-of-the-implant-within-the-bone
#20
Leandro Jun Aihara, Rafael Augusto Nanni, Marina Sousa Carvalho, Caio Zamboni, Jorge R Durigan, José S Hungria Neto, Marcelo T Mercadante, Ralph W Christian, José O S Hungria
INTRODUCTION: This study measured the tip-apex distance (TAD) values in the immediate postoperative period and following weight-bearing and fracture impaction in patients undergoing osteosynthesis with dynamic hip screw and cephalomedullary nail. OBJECTIVE: To correlate the Baumgaertner index in the immediate postoperative period with values obtained after impaction of the fracture with the accommodation of the cephalic implant in the femoral head. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Radiographic TAD measurements were taken with AGFA-VIEW® of 82 patients with a mean age of 72 years with pertrochanteric fractures who were operated on and the fracture fixed with DHS- Synthes® , TFN-Synthes® , or Gamma Nail III-Stryker® in the immediate postoperative period, and following weight-bearing and fracture impaction (mean 3-8 weeks after surgery)...
October 2017: Injury
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