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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407219/multiple-micronutrient-supplementation-for-women-during-pregnancy
#1
REVIEW
Batool A Haider, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Multiple-micronutrient (MMN) deficiencies often coexist among women of reproductive age in low- to middle-income countries. They are exacerbated in pregnancy due to the increased demands, leading to potentially adverse effects on the mother and developing fetus. Though supplementation with MMNs has been recommended earlier because of the evidence of impact on pregnancy outcomes, a consensus is yet to be reached regarding the replacement of iron and folic acid supplementation with MMNs...
April 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395364/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-treated-with-oral-paracetamol-versus-ibuprofen-for-patent-ductus-arteriosus
#2
Mehmet Yekta Oncel, Zeynep Eras, Nurdan Uras, Fuat Emre Canpolat, Omer Erdeve, Serife Suna Oguz
Objective This study aims to determine the effects of paracetamol versus ibuprofen treatment given to preterm infants for the pharmacological closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) on neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18 to 24 months' corrected age. Method A follow-up study was conducted to evaluate the neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm infants (gestational age ≤ 30 weeks) enrolled in a randomized controlled trial comparing oral paracetamol versus oral ibuprofen for the closure of PDA. The developmental assessment was done by using "Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition" at 18 to 24 months' corrected age...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339607/gross-motor-trajectories-during-the-first-year-of-life-for-preterm-infants-with-very-low-birth-weight
#3
Yu-Han Su, Suh-Fang Jeng, Wu-Shiun Hsieh, Yu-Kang Tu, Yen-Tzu Wu, Li-Chiou Chen
Background: Early identification of motor dysfunction in preterm infants with very low birth weight (VLBW) is important in order to provide early intervention. Objective: This study was to examine the motor trajectories of preterm infants with VLBW during their first year of life and to investigate the predictive ability and influencing factors of the trajectories. Design and Methods: A total of 342 preterm infants with VLBW were prospectively assessed for motor development by the Alberta Infant Motor Scales at 4, 6, 9, and 12 months and for developmental outcomes using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, second edition, at 24 months...
March 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320787/investigating-skin-to-skin-care-patterns-with-extremely-preterm-infants-in-the-nicu-and-their-effect-on-early-cognitive-and-communication-performance-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Jenn Gonya, William C Ray, R Wolfgang Rumpf, Guy Brock
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of the study was to investigate how patterns of skin-to-skin care might impact infant early cognitive and communication performance. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study. SETTING: This study took place in a level-IV all-referral neonatal intensive care unit in the Midwest USA specialising in the care of extremely preterm infants. PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected from the electronic medical records of all extremely preterm infants (gestational age <27 weeks) admitted to the unit during 2010-2011 and who completed 6-month and 12-month developmental assessments in the follow-up clinic (n=97)...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251019/the-role-of-follow-up-in-monitoring-the-outcomes-of-prematurity-in-a-cohort-of-romanian-infants
#5
Anca Bivoleanu, Andreea Avasiloaiei, Mihaela Moscalu, Maria Stamatin
BACKGROUND: The rate of preterm births in Romania is one of the highest among European countries. However, there is little information regarding the ways in which premature birth affects the outcome in Romanian preterm infants. AIMS: To investigate the effects of early developmental intervention after discharge from the hospital on motor and cognitive development in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study. METHODS: We performed the Amiel-Tison neurologic evaluation at discharge and the Bayley Scales of Infant Development from 3 to 24 months...
January 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238479/differential-effects-of-the-single-family-room-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-on-18-to-24-month-bayley-scores-of-preterm-infants
#6
Betty Vohr, Elisabeth McGowan, Leslie McKinley, Richard Tucker, Lenore Keszler, Barbara Alksninis
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of human milk and social/environmental disparities on developmental outcomes of infants born preterm cared for in a single-family room (SFR) neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). STUDY DESIGN: Outcomes were compared between infants weighing ≤1250 g cared for in an open-bay NICU (1/2007-8/2009) (n = 394) and an SFR NICU (1/2010-12/2011) (n = 297). Human milk provision at 1 week, 4 weeks and discharge, and 4 week volume (mL/kg/day) were analyzed...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202110/-neurodevelopmental-features-of-preterm-infants-at-the-corrected-age-of-1-year
#7
Mei Zhang, Hong-Yan Qian, Xiao-Ni Kuang, Zhong Yu, Lin Tan, Chan Xia
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the neurodevelopmental level of preterm infants at the corrected age of 1 year and the effect of complications on neurodevelopment. METHODS: The clinical data and follow-up data of hospitalized preterm infants were retrospectively studied. The Bayley Scales of Infant Development was used to assess the neurodevelopmental level. Preterm infants were divided into groups according to gestational age, birth weight, and the presence or absence of complications...
February 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158932/the-association-of-neonatal-morbidity-with-long-term-neurological-outcome-in-infants-who-were-growth-restricted-and-preterm-at-birth-secondary-analyses-from-truffle-trial-of-randomized-umbilical-and-fetal-flow-in-europe
#8
A G Van Wassenaer-Leemhuis, N Marlow, C Lees, H Wolf
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between neonatal morbidity (NNM) and two-year neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in surviving children after early fetal growth restriction (FGR). DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a European randomised trial (TRUFFLE) of delivery for very preterm fetuses dependent on venous Doppler or cardiotocographic criteria. SETTING: Tertiary perinatal centres, participants in TRUFFLE. POPULATION: 402 surviving children after early FGR...
February 3, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152144/association-between-moderate-and-late-preterm-birth-and-neurodevelopment-and-social-emotional-development-at-age-2-years
#9
Jeanie L Cheong, Lex W Doyle, Alice C Burnett, Katherine J Lee, Jennifer M Walsh, Cody R Potter, Karli Treyvaud, Deanne K Thompson, Joy E Olsen, Peter J Anderson, Alicia J Spittle
Importance: Moderate and late preterm (MLPT) births comprise most preterm infants. Therefore, long-term developmental concerns in this population potentially have a large public health influence. While there are increasing reports of developmental problems in MLPT children, detail is lacking on the precise domains that are affected. Objective: To compare neurodevelopment and social-emotional development between MLPT infants and term-born control infants at age 2 years...
April 3, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151969/asq3-and-or-the-bayley-iii-to-support-clinicians-decision-making
#10
Robin Mackin, Nadya Ben Fadel, Jana Feberova, Louise Murray, Asha Nair, Sally Kuehn, Nick Barrowman, Thierry Daboval
BACKGROUND: Appropriate tools are essential to support a clinician's decision to refer very preterm infants to developmental resources. Streamlining the use of developmental assessment or screening tools to make clinical decisions offers an alternative methodology to help to choose the most effective way to assess this very high-risk population. OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire-3rd edition (ASQ3) and the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-3rd edition (Bayley-III) scores within a clinically-based decision-making process...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141913/systemic-corticosteroid-regimens-for-prevention-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-infants
#11
REVIEW
Wes Onland, Anne Pmc De Jaegere, Martin Offringa, Anton van Kaam
BACKGROUND: Cochrane systematic reviews show that systemic postnatal corticosteroids reduce the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. However, corticosteroids have also been associated with an increased risk of neurodevelopmental impairment. It is unknown whether these beneficial and adverse effects are modulated by differences in corticosteroid treatment regimens. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different corticosteroid treatment regimens on mortality, pulmonary morbidity, and neurodevelopmental outcome in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants...
January 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125359/the-spanish-version-of-the-alberta-infant-motor-scale-validity-and-reliability-analysis
#12
Erica Morales-Monforte, Caridad Bagur-Calafat, Neus Suc-Lerin, Montserrat Fornaguera-Martí, Engracia Cazorla-Sánchez, Montserrat Girabent-Farrés
OBJECTIVES: Validity and reliability of the cross-cultural adaptive translation of the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS), to monitor gross motor development in infants from 0 to 18 months of age, were evaluated. METHODS: A cross-cultural translation was used to generate a Spanish version of the AIMS. Fifty infants at risk or with diagnosis of motor delay, 0-18 months of age, participated in this study. Two independent physical therapists scored infants on the AIMS...
February 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113095/predictive-value-of-general-movement-assessment-for-preterm-infants-development-at-2-years-implementation-in-clinical-routine-in-a-non-academic-setting
#13
Freia De Bock, Heike Will, Ulrike Behrenbeck, Marc N Jarczok, Mijna Hadders-Algra, Heike Philippi
BACKGROUND: General movements (GM) are used in academic settings to predict developmental outcome in infants born preterm. However, little is known about the implementation and predictive value of GM in non-academic settings. AIMS: The aim of this study is twofold: To document the implementation of GM assessment (GMA) in a non-academic setting and to assess its predictive value in infants born preterm. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We documented the process of implementing GMA in a non-academic outpatient clinic...
March 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109027/amplitude-integrated-electroencephalography-can-predict-neurodevelopmental-outcome-at-12-months-of-corrected-age-in-very-preterm-infants
#14
Elisabeth Ralser, Vera Neubauer, Ulrike Pupp-Peglow, Ursula Kiechl-Kohlendorfer, Elke Griesmaier
AIM: It is difficult to find diagnostic tools than can reliably predict neurodevelopmental outcomes in very preterm infants in clinical practice. This study evaluated whether amplitude-integrated electroencephalography predicted neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm infants when they reached 12 months of corrected age. METHODS: Between October 2007 and December 2013, we studied 232 preterm infants (51% male) at Innsbruck Medical University Hospital, Austria. Their mean birthweight was 1264 g, and their mean gestational age was 29...
January 20, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102574/fidgety-movements-in-infants-born-very-preterm-predictive-value-for-cerebral-palsy-in-a-clinical-multicentre-setting
#15
Alexandre N Datta, Mark A Furrer, Iris Bernhardt, Petra S Hüppi, Cristina Borradori-Tolsa, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Beatrice Latal, Sebastian Grunt, Giancarlo Natalucci
AIM: This study assessed predictive values of fidgety movement assessment (FMA) in a large sample of infants born very preterm for developmental abnormalities, in particular for cerebral palsy (CP) at 2 years in an everyday clinical setting. METHOD: This is a multicentre study of infants born preterm with gestational age lower than 32.0 weeks. FMA was performed at 3 months corrected age; neurodevelopment (Bayley Scales of Infant Development, 2nd edition) and neurological abnormalities were assessed at 2 years...
January 19, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087725/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-extremely-low-birthweight-infants-randomised-to-different-pco2-targets-the-phelbi-follow-up-study
#16
Ulrich H Thome, Orsolya Genzel-Boroviczeny, Bettina Bohnhorst, Manuel Schmid, Hans Fuchs, Oliver Rohde, Stefan Avenarius, Hans-Georg Topf, Andrea Zimmermann, Dirk Faas, Katharina Timme, Barbara Kleinlein, Horst Buxmann, Wilfried Schenk, Hugo Segerer, Norbert Teig, Annett Bläser, Roland Hentschel, Matthias Heckmann, Rolf Schlösser, Jochen Peters, Rainer Rossi, Wolfgang Rascher, Ralf Böttger, Jürgen Seidenberg, Gesine Hansen, Maria Zernickel, Harald Bode, Jens Dreyhaupt, Rainer Muche, Helmut D Hummler
BACKGROUND: Tolerating higher partial pressures of carbon dioxide (PCO2) in mechanically ventilated extremely low birthweight infants to reduce ventilator-induced lung injury may have long-term neurodevelopmental side effects. This study analyses the results of neurodevelopmental follow-up of infants enrolled in a randomised multicentre trial. METHODS: Infants (n=359) between 400 and 1000 g birth weight and 23 0/7-28 6/7 weeks gestational age who required endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation within 24 hours of birth were randomly assigned to high PCO2 or to a control group with mildly elevated PCO2 targets...
January 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059709/microstructure-of-the-default-mode-network-in-preterm-infants
#17
J Cui, O Tymofiyeva, R Desikan, T Flynn, H Kim, D Gano, C P Hess, D M Ferriero, A J Barkovich, D Xu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Diffusion and fMRI has been providing insights to brain development in addition to anatomic imaging. This study aimed to evaluate the microstructure of white matter tracts underlying the default mode network in premature infants by using resting-state functional MR imaging in conjunction with diffusion tensor imaging-based tractography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 44 preterm infants underwent structural T1-weighted imaging, resting-state fMRI, and DTI at 3T, including 21 infants with brain injuries and 23 infants with normal-appearing structural imaging as controls...
February 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001276/effects-of-prematurity-on-language-acquisition-and-auditory-maturation-a-systematic-review
#18
Inaê Costa Rechia, Luciéle Dias Oliveira, Anelise Henrich Crestani, Eliara Pinto Vieira Biaggio, Ana Paula Ramos de Souza
Purpose: To verify which damages prematurity causes to hearing and language. Research strategies: We used the decriptors language/linguagem, hearing/audição, prematurity/prematuridade in databases LILACS, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library and Scielo. Selection criteria: randomized controlled trials, non-randomized intervention studies and descriptive studies (cross-sectional, cohort, case-control projects). Data analysis: The articles were assessed independently by two authors according to the selection criteria...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995607/longchain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-in-preterm-infants
#19
REVIEW
Kwi Moon, Shripada C Rao, Sven M Schulzke, Sanjay K Patole, Karen Simmer
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists over whether longchain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) are essential nutrients for preterm infants because they may not be able to synthesise sufficient amounts of LCPUFA to meet the needs of the developing brain and retina. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether supplementation of formula milk with LCPUFA is safe and of benefit to preterm infants. The main areas of interest were the effects of supplementation on the visual function, development and growth of preterm infants...
December 20, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978476/does-maternal-psychological-distress-affect-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-at-a-gestational-age-of-%C3%A2-32weeks
#20
Ozlem Bozkurt, Zeynep Eras, Fatma Nur Sari, Evrim Alyamac Dizdar, Nurdan Uras, Fuat Emre Canpolat, Serife Suna Oguz
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that maternal psychological status in the prenatal and postnatal periods is associated with infants' cognitive, behavioural, and emotional functions. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the relationships of maternal depression and anxiety with neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm infants with a gestational age of ≤32weeks, examined at a corrected age of 18 to 22months. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
December 12, 2016: Early Human Development
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