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Bayley preterm

Masha Shulkin, Laura Pimpin, David Bellinger, Sarah Kranz, Wafaie Fawzi, Christopher Duggan, Dariush Mozaffarian
Background: Epidemiologic studies link maternal seafood and n-3 (ω-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) consumption with improved childhood cognitive development; trials show mixed results. Objective: We investigated effects of n-3 PUFA supplementation on child cognitive and visual outcomes. Methods: We systematically reviewed and meta-analyzed randomized controlled trials of n-3 PUFA supplementation in mothers or infants (age ≤2 y) and evaluated standardized measures of cognitive or visual development up to age 18 y...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Valentina Morsan, Carlo Fantoni, Maria Anna Tallandini
AIM: To verify whether it is appropriate to use age correction for infants born preterm in all the developmental domains (cognitive, linguistic, and motor) considered by the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III). METHOD: Seventy-three infants born preterm (26-35wks) without major neurological sequelae and 67 infants born at term were assessed at 12 months (corrected age for infants born preterm). The performance of the infants born preterm was assessed with two different evaluations: scores based on uncorrected age and scores based on corrected age...
March 14, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Colleen Peyton, Michael D Schreiber, Michael E Msall
AIM: To determine the relationship between the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) at 3 months and cognitive, language, and motor outcomes on the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III) at 2 years of age in high-risk infants born preterm. METHOD: One hundred and six infants (47 females, 59 males) born at earlier than 31 weeks gestational age were prospectively tested with the TIMP at 10 to 15 weeks after term age and were assessed again with the Bayley-III at 2 years corrected age...
March 13, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Achim Fieß, Ruth Kölb-Keerl, Alexander K Schuster, Markus Knuf, Bernd Kirchhof, Philipp S Muether, Jacqueline Bauer
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between visual acuity, peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (pRNFL), retinal thickness at the fovea and other factors with the neurologic status of former preterm children. METHODS: In this cross-sectional hospital based study in a maximum care tertiary centre, detailed anthropometric and ophthalmological data of former preterm children ranging from 4 to 10 years of age with a gestational age (GA) ≤32 weeks were assessed...
March 9, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
Katelyn Cahill-Rowley, Jessica Rose
Temporal-spatial reach parameters are revealing of upper-limb function in children with motor impairments, but have not been quantified in a toddler population. This work quantitatively characterizes temporal-spatial reach in typically-developing (TD) and very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm toddlers, who are at increased risk of motor impairment. 47 children born VLBW (<1500 g birth-weight; ≤32 weeks gestation) and 22 TD children completed a reaching assessment at 18-22 months of age, adjusted for prematurity...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
Mi Hye Bae, Hyun Ji Jang, Na Rae Lee, Young Mi Han, Shin Yun Byun, Kyung Hee Park
PURPOSE: Periventricular echogenicity (PVE) presents as diffuse echo dense lesions of the periventricular white matter on cranial ultrasonography. Beyond two weeks of life, it is considered as prolonged or persistent PVE. The aim of our study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of preterm infants with persistent PVE beyond 2 weeks after birth and to determine whether these infants had an adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. METHODS: The medical records of preterm infants who were born at < 34 weeks of gestation and admitted to Pusan National University Hospital between 2009 and 2014 were reviewed...
February 13, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Janneke van 't Hooft, Johanna H van der Lee, Brent C Opmeer, Aleid G van Wassenaer-Leemhuis, Anneloes L van Baar, Dick J Bekedam, Leonie J P Steenis, Sophie Liem, Ewoud Schuit, Cuny Cuijpers, Elise Bleeker, Margot E Vinke, Noor Simons, Irene M de Graaf, Ben Willem J Mol, Cornelieke van de Beek
OBJECTIVE: We recently found in a randomized clinical trial (ProTWIN) that cervical pessary prevented preterm birth and improved neonatal outcome in women with a multiple pregnancy and a cervical length (CL) <38mm. In this follow-up study we evaluated long-term developmental outcomes in the offspring of these women at three years corrected age. METHODS: We conducted a follow-up study of the ProTWIN trial, a trial in which between 2009 and 2012 asymptomatic women with a multiple pregnancy had been randomized to pessary or no pessary...
February 22, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Margaret L Ong, Isabell B Purdy, Orly L Levit, Daniel T Robinson, Tristan Grogan, Martiniano Flores, Kara L Calkins
BACKGROUND: In some studies, the dose of intravenous soybean oil (SO) has been associated with a decreased incidence of intestinal failure-associated liver disease. The effect of lipid sparing on neurodevelopment (ND) and growth remains unknown. This study investigated the impact of SO dose on ND and growth over the first 2 years of age in preterm neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a single-site prospective follow-up study. Neonates with a gestational age ≤29 weeks were randomized to low-dose (LOW) or standard-dose (CON) SO...
February 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Pi-Lien Hung, Chun-Chung Lui, Chen-Chang Lee, Yin-Hsiu Chien, Feng-Shun Chen, Chih-Cheng Chen, Hong-Ren Yu, Mei-Yung Chung, Li-Tung Huang
Transient hypothyroidism is common in premature infants and increases the risk of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Thyroid hormone (TH) is involved in oligodendrocyte development and myelination, however, whether transient hypothyroidism is associated with oligodendrocyte dysplasia and abnormal myelination is unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate correlations among TH levels, neurodevelopmental outcomes and white matter (WM) microstructure in premature infants. The authors designed a cohort study recruiting 81 premature infants (age, 23-35 weeks)...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Stacey C Dusing, Tanya Tripathi, Emily C Marcinowski, Leroy R Thacker, Lisa F Brown, Karen D Hendricks-Muñoz
BACKGROUND: While therapy services may start in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) there is often a gap in therapy after discharge. Supporting Play Exploration and Early Development Intervention (SPEEDI) supports parents, helping them build capacity to provide developmentally supportive opportunities starting in the NICU and continuing at home. The purpose of this single blinded randomized pilot clinical trial was to evaluate the initial efficacy of SPEEDI to improve early reaching and exploratory problem solving behaviors...
February 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Antje Allendorf, Ruth Dewitz, Joy Weber, Shahrzad Bakthiar, Rolf Schloesser, Udo Rolle
PURPOSE: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in very low birth weight infants is a risk factor for developmental delay. To our knowledge, there are no studies published investigating the neurodevelopmental outcome of patients with NEC comparing surgically treated and conservatively treated patients versus match paired controls. The aim of this retrospective case control study was to measure the neurodevelopmental outcome of patients with NEC who were treated surgically or conservatively METHODS: All patients were identified, who have been diagnosed with NEC (ICD-10 code, P77) born between 2006 and 2013...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Michelle Downes, David Kelly, Kayleigh Day, Neil Marlow, Michelle de Haan
There have been few previous attempts to assess the development of early markers of executive function in infants born preterm despite well-established deficits reported for older preterm children that have been closely linked to poorer academic functioning. The present study investigates early attention control development in healthy 12-month-old age-corrected pre-term infants who were born less than 30 weeks and compares their performance to full-term infants. Eye-tracking methodology was used to measure attention control...
January 31, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
Torin J A Glass, Vann Chau, Ruth E Grunau, Anne Synnes, Ting Guo, Emma G Duerden, Justin Foong, Kenneth J Poskitt, Steven P Miller
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the number of postnatal infections is associated with abnormal white matter maturation and poorer motor neurodevelopmental outcomes at 36 months of corrected age. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal cohort study was undertaken of 219 newborns born preterm at 24-32 weeks of gestational age recruited between 2006 and 2013 with magnetic resonance imaging of the brain both early in life and at term-equivalent age. Postnatal infection was defined as any clinical infection or positive culture ≥72 hours after birth...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Ariel A Salas, Taylor Woodfin, Vivien Phillips, Myriam Peralta-Carcelen, Waldemar A Carlo, Namasivayam Ambalavanan
BACKGROUND: Many extremely preterm infants have low vitamin D concentrations at birth, but early childhood outcomes after vitamin D supplementation have not been reported. OBJECTIVE: To determine a dose-response relationship between increasing doses of enteral vitamin D in the first 28 days after birth and cognitive scores at 2 years of age. METHODS: In this phase II double-blind dose-response randomized trial, infants with gestational ages between 23 and 27 weeks were randomly assigned to receive placebo or a vitamin D dose of 200 or 800 IU/day from day 1 of enteral feeding to postnatal day 28...
2018: Neonatology
Xianhong Zhang, Mei Zhou, Huaying Yin, Ying Dai, Yuwei Li
Oral motor assessment is used to identify abnormal sucking patterns which may reflect neurodevelopmental problems in preterm infants, but few studies have focused on moderately and late preterm infants. We enrolled 118 moderately and late preterm infants (mean gestational age, 35.04 weeks; mean birth weight, 2347.59 g) and analyzed the relationship between the Neonatal Oral-Motor Assessment Scale scores of these infants and the Chinese revision of Bayley Scales of Infant Development outcomes at 6 months corrected age...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Richelle E M Senden, Kristin Keunen, Niek E van der Aa, Alexander Leemans, Ivana Isgum, Max A Viergever, Jeroen Dudink, Linda S de Vries, Floris Groenendaal, Manon J N L Benders
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is associated with an increased risk of cerebellar injury. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of cerebellar hemorrhages (CBH) on cerebral white matter microstructural tissue organization and cerebellar volume at term equivalent age (TEA) in extremely preterm infants. Furthermore, we aimed to evaluate the association between CBH and neurodevelopmental outcome in late infancy. METHODS: 24 preterm infants with punctate CBH were included and each matched to two preterm control infants...
January 23, 2018: Pediatric Research
Aurelie Pascal, Paul Govaert, Ann Oostra, Gunnar Naulaers, Els Ortibus, Christine Van den Broeck
AIM: The purpose of this systematic review was to provide an up-to-date global overview of the separate prevalences of motor and cognitive delays and cerebral palsy (CP) in very preterm (VPT) and very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants. METHOD: A comprehensive search was conducted across four databases. Cohort studies reporting the prevalence of CP and motor or cognitive outcome from 18 months corrected age until 6 years of VPT or VLBW infants born after 2006 were included...
January 19, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Caterina Coviello, Marina Popple Martinez, Livia Drovandi, Corsini Iuri, Valentina Leonardi, Clara Lunardi, Carla Antonelli, Simone Pratesi, Carlo Dani
AIM: This Italian study evaluated whether painful procedures during the first four weeks of life were related to subsequent weight gain, head circumference (HC) and neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants, METHODS: We evaluated the number of invasive procedures that infants born at less than 32 weeks of gestational age (GA) underwent in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Careggi Hospital, Florence from January to December 2015. Weight and HC were recorded at birth, 36 weeks of PMA and six and 12 months of CA...
January 17, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Jane E Brumbaugh, Tarah T Colaizy, Neel M Patel, Jonathan M Klein
AIM: To characterise the relationship between bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) severity and cognition in the post-surfactant era. METHODS: This was a single-centre retrospective analysis of a cohort of infants born 2009-2012. Inclusion criteria were as follows: admission within 48 hours of birth, gestational age 22-0/7-31-6/7 weeks, birthweight 400-1500 g and Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-III testing at 18-26 months corrected age. Infants (n = 151) were classified by BPD severity with the NIH Workshop definition...
January 15, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Julia Gunkel, Linda S de Vries, Marian Jongmans, Corine Koopman-Esseboom, Ingrid C van Haastert, Maria C J Eijsermans, Carolien van Stam, Bert G A van Zanten, Tom F W Wolfs, Joppe Nijman
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether preterm infants with postnatal cytomegalovirus infection develop neurologic sequelae in early childhood. METHODS: Infants <32 weeks' gestation were prospectively screened for cytomegalovirus (CMV) at term-equivalent age. Neurodevelopment was compared between CMV-positive and CMV-negative infants by using the Griffiths Mental Development Scales (GMDS) at 16 months' corrected age (CA); the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition or the GMDS at 24 to 30 months' CA; and the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, Third Edition and Movement Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition at 6 years of age...
February 2018: Pediatrics
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