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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110495/awareness-and-correlates-of-short-term-and-long-term-consequences-of-alcohol-use-among-australian-drinkers
#1
Kerri Coomber, Richelle Mayshak, Ashlee Curtis, Peter G Miller
OBJECTIVE: To investigate awareness of short-term and long-term consequences of alcohol use among a sample of Australian adult drinkers. Demographic correlates of the awareness of each consequence were also explored. METHODS: Participants aged 18-45 years (n=1,061; mean age=33.2 years) drawn from an online panel completed a web-based survey assessing demographics, awareness of alcohol warning labels, and awareness of seven short-term and 12 long-term consequences of alcohol use...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110494/a-systematic-review-of-cognitive-effects-of-exercise-in-depression
#2
N Brondino, M Rocchetti, L Fusar-Poli, E Codrons, L Correale, M Vandoni, C Barbui, P Politi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the impact of physical exercise on cognitive symptoms in depressed adult patients. METHODS: Systematic literature search was performed in Web of Science™ and CINAHL from inception to August 2016. Two reviewers independently selected randomized trials evaluating the effect of exercise on cognitive functions in patients with a validated diagnosis of depression. Outcome measures included global cognition and different cognitive domains (speed of processing, attention/vigilance, working memory, verbal and visual memory, and reasoning)...
January 22, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110411/development-of-the-siope-dipg-network-registry-and-imaging-repository-a-collaborative-effort-to-optimize-research-into-a-rare-and-lethal-disease
#3
Sophie E M Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Joshua Baugh, Brooklyn Chaney, Dennis De Jongh, Esther Sanchez Aliaga, Frederik Barkhof, Johan Noltes, Ruben De Wolf, Jet Van Dijk, Antonio Cannarozzo, Carin M Damen-Korbijn, Jan A Lieverst, Niclas Colditz, Marion Hoffmann, Monika Warmuth-Metz, Brigitte Bison, David T W Jones, Dominik Sturm, Gerrit H Gielen, Chris Jones, Esther Hulleman, Raphael Calmon, David Castel, Pascale Varlet, Géraldine Giraud, Irene Slavc, Stefaan Van Gool, Sandra Jacobs, Filip Jadrijevic-Cvrlje, David Sumerauer, Karsten Nysom, Virve Pentikainen, Sanna-Maria Kivivuori, Pierre Leblond, Natasha Entz-Werle, Andre O von Bueren, Antonis Kattamis, Darren R Hargrave, Péter Hauser, Miklos Garami, Halldora K Thorarinsdottir, Jane Pears, Lorenza Gandola, Giedre Rutkauskiene, Geert O Janssens, Ingrid K Torsvik, Marta Perek-Polnik, Maria J Gil-da-Costa, Olga Zheludkova, Liudmila Shats, Ladislav Deak, Lidija Kitanovski, Ofelia Cruz, Andres Morales La Madrid, Stefan Holm, Nicolas Gerber, Rejin Kebudi, Richard Grundy, Enrique Lopez-Aguilar, Marta Zapata-Tarres, John Emmerik, Tim Hayden, Simon Bailey, Veronica Biassoni, Maura Massimino, Jacques Grill, William P Vandertop, Gertjan J L Kaspers, Maryam Fouladi, Christof M Kramm, Dannis G van Vuurden
Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a rare and deadly childhood malignancy. After 40 years of mostly single-center, often non-randomized trials with variable patient inclusions, there has been no improvement in survival. It is therefore time for international collaboration in DIPG research, to provide new hope for children, parents and medical professionals fighting DIPG. In a first step towards collaboration, in 2011, a network of biologists and clinicians working in the field of DIPG was established within the European Society for Paediatric Oncology (SIOPE) Brain Tumour Group: the SIOPE DIPG Network...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110391/social-media-for-patients-benefits-and-drawbacks
#4
REVIEW
Ivan De Martino, Rocco D'Apolito, Alexander S McLawhorn, Keith A Fehring, Peter K Sculco, Giorgio Gasparini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Social media is increasingly utilized by patients to educate themselves on a disease process and to find hospital, physicians, and physician networks most capable of treating their condition. However, little is known about quality of the content of the multiple online platforms patients have to communicate with other potential patients and their potential benefits and drawbacks. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients are not passive consumers of health information anymore but are playing an active role in the delivery of health services through an online environment...
January 21, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110376/the-burdens-concerns-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-gastroparesis
#5
Daohai Yu, Frederick V Ramsey, William F Norton, Nancy Norton, Susan Schneck, Tegan Gaetano, Henry P Parkman
AIMS: The impact of gastroparesis on patients from the patient's viewpoint is needed to better address treatment priorities. The aims of this study were to: (1) Delineate burdens and concerns of patients with gastroparesis; (2) investigate specific symptoms contributing to impaired quality of life (QOL) in gastroparesis. METHODS: The International Foundation for Functional GI Disorders gastroparesis survey questionnaire was developed to describe patients' viewpoint about their experience with gastroparesis and included Patient Assessment of Upper GI Symptoms (PAGI-SYM) and SF-36 QOL survey...
January 21, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110292/biomartr-genomic-data-retrieval-with-r
#6
Hajk-Georg Drost, Jerzy Paszkowski
MOTIVATION: Retrieval and reproducible functional annotation of genomic data are crucial in biology. However, the current poor usability and transparency of retrieval methods hinders reproducibility. Here we present an open source R package, biomartr, which provides a comprehensive easy-to-use framework for automating data retrieval and functional annotation for meta-genomic approaches. The functions of biomartr achieve a high degree of clarity, transparency and reproducibility of analyses...
January 20, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110290/guided-and-unguided-internet-based-vestibular-rehabilitation-versus-usual-care-for-dizzy-adults-of-50%C3%A2-years-and-older-a-protocol-for-a-three-armed-randomised-trial
#7
Vincent A van Vugt, Johannes C van der Wouden, Judith E Bosmans, Martin Smalbrugge, Willianne van Diest, Rosie Essery, Lucy Yardley, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Otto R Maarsingh
INTRODUCTION: Dizziness is a common symptom in general practice with a high prevalence among older adults. The most common cause of dizziness in general practice is peripheral vestibular disease. Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) is a safe and effective treatment for peripheral vestibular disease that entails specific exercises to maximise the central nervous system compensation for the effects of vestibular pathology. An internet-based VR intervention has recently been shown to be safe and effective...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110205/a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-of-interventions-designed-to-decrease-child-abuse-in-high-risk-families
#8
Elizabeth J Levey, Bizu Gelaye, Paul Bain, Marta B Rondon, Christina P C Borba, David C Henderson, Michelle A Williams
Child abuse is a global problem, and parents with histories of childhood abuse are at increased risk of abusing their offspring. The objective of this systematic review is to provide a clear overview of the existing literature of randomized controlled trials evaluating the effectiveness of interventions to prevent child abuse. PubMed, PsychINFO, Web of Science, Sociological Abstracts, and CINAHL were systematically searched and expanded by hand search. This review includes all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions designed to prevent abuse among mothers identified as high-risk...
January 19, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110192/effects-of-osteogenic-protein-1-on-intervertebral-disc-regeneration-a-systematic-review-of-animal-studies
#9
REVIEW
Pei Li, Ruijie Zhang, Yibo Gan, Liyuan Wang, Chen Zhao, Lei Luo, Chengmin Zhang, Qiang Zhou
Osteogenic protein (OP)-1 delivery into discs has achieved some success in disc regeneration in animals, though conflicting outcomes exist. This study aimed to systematically review the animal studies that assessed the effect of OP-1 on disc regeneration. Relevant literature was searched in the following databases: PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Internet (CNKI) and Chinese BioMedical Literature Database (CBM). Animal species, disc degeneration model, OP-1 delivery method, and follow-up methodology including disc histology, disc matrix alteration, disc height, MRI T2 signal intensity and OP-1 treatment complications were extracted and reviewed...
January 19, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110115/application-of-an-ecosystem-model-to-evaluate-the-importance-of-different-processes-and-food-web-structure-for-transfer-of-13-elements-in-a-shallow-lake
#10
L Konovalenko, C Bradshaw, E Andersson, U Kautsky
In environmental risk assessments of nuclear waste, there is need to estimate the potential risks of a large number of radionuclides over a long time period during which the environment is likely to change. Usually concentration ratios (CRs) are used to calculate the activity concentrations in organisms. However, CRs are not available for all radionuclides and they are not easily scalable to the varying environment. Here, an ecosystem transport model of elements, which estimates concentrations in organisms using carbon flows and food transfer instead of CR is presented...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110031/interspinous-process-devices-ipd-alone-versus-decompression-surgery-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-lss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
REVIEW
Xing-Wen Zhao, Jian-Xiong Ma, Xin-Long Ma, Fei Li, Wei-Wei He, Xuan Jiang, Yin Wang, Biao Han, Bin Lu
BACKGROUND: and purpose: Interspinous process devices (IPD) were widely used for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). However, whether IPD was superior to bony decompression was still debated. We aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of IPD to bony decompression for LSS. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane library, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CCTR), Ovid Medline, China national knowledge internet database, Wan Fang database were searched in August...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109951/a-cognitive-approach-for-design-of-a-multimedia-informed-consent-video-and-website-in-pediatric-research
#12
Holly Antal, H Timothy Bunnell, Suzanne M McCahan, Chris Pennington, Tim Wysocki, Kathryn Blake
OBJECTIVE: Poor participant comprehension of research procedures following the conventional face-to-face consent process for biomedical research is common. We describe the development of a multimedia informed consent video and website that incorporates cognitive strategies to enhance comprehension of study related material directed to parents and adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multidisciplinary team was assembled for development of the video and website that included human subjects professionals; psychologist researchers; institutional video and web developers; bioinformaticians and programmers; and parent and adolescent stakeholders...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109766/crohn-s-disease-in-italy-a-critical-review-of-the-literature-using-different-data-sources
#13
REVIEW
Carlotta Galeone, Claudio Pelucchi, Giovanna Barbera, Claudio Citterio, Carlo La Vecchia, Andrea Franchi
BACKGROUND: Incidence and prevalence of Crohn's disease (CD) have increased during the last decades in several world areas. Italian data on CD are scattered between various administrative, educational and scientific sources, and findings are poorly summarized. AIMS: We conducted a review focusing not only on prevalence and incidence of CD in Italy, but also on mortality, treatments, delayed diagnosis and hospitalization. METHODS: In October 2015, we searched for quantitative epidemiological data of CD using PubMed/Medline, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
January 9, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109659/fighting-for-the-web-competition-between-female-feather-legged-spiders-uloborus-plumipes
#14
Anna-Christin Joel, Anne Habedank, Jonas Hausen, Jörg Mey
Most spider species are solitary, and among the few social interactions among them, resource competition between females has received little attention. We discovered that females of the feather-legged spider Uloborus plumipes invade the orb webs of conspecifics and compete for webs. Following observations in the wild, intruder-defender interactions were studied in a terrarium and in controlled laboratory experiments. We found that contests for orb webs occurred spontaneously between adult females. Competitive interactions in U...
December 14, 2016: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109629/the-pharmacist-s-role-in-overdose-using-mapping-technologies-to-analyze-naloxone-and-pharmacy-distribution
#15
Allison Burrell, Laken Ethun, Jaime Allen Fawcett, Sherry Rickard-Aasen, Karl Williams, Shannon M Kearney, Janice L Pringle
OBJECTIVES: To present preliminary research using geographic information system (GIS) mapping as a tool that can be integrated into pharmacy practice to increase access to and utilization of pharmacy-based interventions, including the distribution of naloxone. METHODS: Overdose death data was collected from medical examiner reports in an online database, and pharmacies carrying and distributing naloxone were determined by ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) in Allegheny County, PA...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109576/beta-blockers-reduced-the-risk-of-cardiac-rupture-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials
#16
Wei Gong, Siting Feng, Xiao Wang, Jingyao Fan, Aobo Li, Shao-Ping Nie
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rupture (CR) is a catastrophic complication that occurs after acute myocardial infarction (MI) and, at present, there are no effective pharmacological strategies for preventing this condition. The objective of this meta-analysis was to assess the effect of beta-blockers on CR in patients with acute MI. METHODS: An extensive search of the PUBMED, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science, MEDLINE and Cochrane was performed to retrieve the studies of beta-blockers treatment in patients with acute MI...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109567/evaluation-of-residual-abdominal-tumour-motion-in-carbon-ion-gated-treatments-through-respiratory-motion-modelling
#17
Giorgia Meschini, Matteo Seregni, Andrea Pella, Mario Ciocca, Piero Fossati, Francesca Valvo, Marco Riboldi, Guido Baroni
At the Italian National Centre for Oncologic Hadrontherapy (CNAO) patients with upper-abdominal tumours are being treated with carbon ion therapy, adopting the respiratory gating technique in combination with layered rescanning and abdominal compression to mitigate organ motion. Since online imaging of the irradiated volume is not feasible, this study proposes a modelling approach for the estimation of residual motion of the target within the gating window. The model extracts a priori respiratory motion information from the planning 4DCT using deformable image registration (DIR), then combines such information with the external surrogate signal recorded during dose delivery...
January 18, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109566/effectiveness-of-virtual-reality-rehabilitation-for-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-an-updated-evidence-based-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
D K Ravi, N Kumar, P Singhi
BACKGROUND: The use of virtual reality systems in the motor rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy is new, and thus the scientific evidence for its effectiveness needs to be evaluated through a systematic review. OBJECTIVE: To provide updated evidence-based guidance for virtual reality rehabilitation in sensory and functional motor skills of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, PEDro, Web of Science, OTseeker, PsycINFO and Cochrane Library were searched from their earliest records up to 1 June, 2016...
September 27, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109499/what-might-parents-read-sorting-webs-of-online-information-on-vascular-anomalies
#19
Kara S Davis, Andrew A McCormick, Noel Jabbour
INTRODUCTION: The internet is increasingly a source of healthcare information utilized by parents, especially in rarer pathologies such as vascular malformations. The quality, validity and thoroughness of these websites is variable and unregulated. The goal of this study was to evaluate the quality and understandability of websites related to vascular malformations. METHODS: The terms "hemangioma", "vascular malformation", and "vascular anomalies" were searched in Google...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109406/salivary-biomarkers-in-the-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Elisa Cançado Porto-Mascarenhas, Daniele Xavier Assad, Hélène Chardin, David Gozal, Graziela De Luca Canto, Ana Carolina Acevedo, Eliete Neves Silva Guerra
Salivary biomarkers could be helpful to characterize breast cancer. Therefore, this review was performed to evaluate the capability of salivary biological markers in the diagnosis and monitoring of breast cancer. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they assessed the potential diagnostic value or other discriminatory properties of biological markers in saliva of patients with breast cancer. The search was performed in six electronic databases (Cochrane, LILACS, PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science)...
February 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
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