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Body structural description

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331752/body-image-of-women-with-breast-cancer-after-mastectomy-a-qualitative-research
#1
Sema Koçan, Ayla Gürsoy
OBJECTIVE: To gain a holistic and deep understanding about how mastectomy effects the body image of women who have breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample of this qualitative descriptive study consisted of twenty patients who underwent mastectomy procedures. Semi-structured interviews were conducted during the second week after mastectomy. Each interview was transcribed verbatim, and a thematic analysis was performed. RESULTS: After the mastectomy, the findings related to the women's body image and their experiences were specified as four main themes and seven sub-themes...
October 2016: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306394/measuring-discourse-coherence-in-anomic-aphasia-using-rhetorical-structure-theory
#2
Anthony Pak-Hin Kong, Anastasia Linnik, Sam-Po Law, Waisa Wai-Man Shum
PURPOSE: The existing body of work regarding discourse coherence in aphasia has provided mixed results, leaving the question of coherence being impaired or intact as a result of brain injury unanswered. In this study, discourse coherence in non-brain-damaged (NBD) speakers and speakers with anomic aphasia was investigated quantitatively and qualitatively. METHOD: Fifteen native speakers of Cantonese with anomic aphasia and 15 NBD participants produced 60 language samples...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288002/analytic-model-for-low-energy-excitation-states-and-phase-transitions-in-spin-ice-systems
#3
F I López-Bara, F López-Aguilar
Low energy excitation states in magnetic structures of the so-called spin-ices are produced via spin flips among contiguous tetrahedra of their crystal structure. These spin flips generate entities which mimic magnetic dipoles in every two tetrahedra according to the dumbbell model. When the temperature increases, the spin-flip processes are transmitted in the lattice, generating so-called Dirac strings, which constitute structural entities that can present mimetic behavior similar to that of magnetic monopoles...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270255/a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-spontaneous-volunteer-response-to-the-2013-sudan-floods-changing-the-paradigm
#4
Amin Albahari, Carl H Schultz
Introduction While the concept of community resilience is gaining traction, the role of spontaneous volunteers during the initial response to disasters remains controversial. In an attempt to resolve some of the debate, investigators examined the activities of a spontaneous volunteer group called Nafeer after the Sudan floods around the city of Khartoum in August of 2013. Hypothesis Can spontaneous volunteers successfully initiate, coordinate, and deliver sustained assistance immediately after a disaster? METHODS: This retrospective, descriptive case study involved: (1) interviews with Nafeer members that participated in the disaster response to the Khartoum floods; (2) examination of documents generated during the event; and (3) subsequent benchmarking of their efforts with the Sphere Handbook...
March 8, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269629/hip-joint-geometry-effects-on-cartilage-contact-stresses-during-a-gait-cycle
#5
Hui-Hui Wu, Dong Wang, An-Bang Ma, Dong-Yun Gu
The cartilage surface geometry of natural human hip joint is commonly regarded as sphere. It has been widely applied in computational simulation and hip joint prosthesis design. Some new geometry models have been developed and the sphere assumption has been questioned recently. The objective of this study was to analyze joint geometry effects on cartilage contact stress distribution and investigate contact patterns during a whole gait cycle. Hip surface was reconstructed from CT data of a healthy volunteer...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266009/a-detailed-musculoskeletal-study-of-a-fetus-with-anencephaly-and-spina-bifida-craniorachischisis-and-comparison-with-other-cases-of-human-congenital-malformations
#6
Malak A Alghamdi, Janine M Ziermann, Lydia Gregg, Rui Diogo
Few descriptions of the musculoskeletal system of humans with anencephaly or spina bifida exist in the literature. Even less is published about individuals in which both phenomena occur together, i.e. about craniorachischisis. Here we provide a detailed report on the musculoskeletal structures of a fetus with craniorachischisis, as well as comparisons with the few descriptions for anencephaly and with musculoskeletal anomalies found in other congenital malformations. We focused in particular on the comparison with trisomies 13, 18, and 21 because neural tube defects have been associated with such chromosomal defects...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261478/a-sisyphean-task-experiences-of-perfectionism-in-patients-with-eating-disorders
#7
Suzanne Petersson, Per Johnsson, Kent-Inge Perseius
BACKGROUND: Despite the theoretical links between eating disorders and perfectionism, the definition of perfectionism in practice is complicated. The present study explored descriptions and experiences of perfectionism described by a transdiagnostic sample of patients. METHODS: In-depth, semi-structured interviews were carried out with 15 patients. The interviews were analyzed by Thematic Analysis. A comparison between the patients' scorings on the Eating Disorder Inventory-Perfectionism scale was also performed...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256093/a-quantitative-structural-and-morphometric-analysis-of-the-purkinje-network-and-the-purkinje-myocardial-junctions-in-pig-hearts
#8
V Garcia-Bustos, R Sebastian, M Izquierdo, P Molina, F J Chorro, A Ruiz-Sauri
The morpho-functional properties of the distal section of the cardiac Purkinje network (PN) and the Purkinje-myocardial junctions (PMJs) are fundamental to understanding the sequence of electrical activation in the heart. The overall structure of the system has already been described, and several computational models have been developed to gain insight into its involvement in cardiac arrhythmias or its interaction with implantable devices, such as pacemakers. However, anatomical descriptions of the PN in the literature have not enabled enough improvements in the accuracy of anatomical-based electrophysiological simulations of the PN in 3D hearts models...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247103/anatomy-of-the-fasciae-and-fascial-spaces-of-the-maxillofacial-and-the-anterior-neck-regions
#9
REVIEW
Seiichiro Kitamura
This review provides an overview of comprehensive knowledge regarding the anatomy of the fasciae and fascial spaces of the maxillofacial and the anterior neck regions, principally from the standpoint of oral surgery, whose descriptions have long been puzzling and descriptively much too complex. The maxillofacial and the anterior neck regions are divided into four portions: the portions superficial and deep to the superficial layer of the deep cervical fascia (SfDCF) including its rostral extension to the face, the intermediate portion sandwiched by the splitting SfDCF, and the superficial portion peculiar to the face where the deep structures open on the body surface to form the oral cavity...
February 28, 2017: Anatomical Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227887/hip-joint-geometry-effects-on-cartilage-contact-stresses-during-a-gait-cycle
#10
Hui-Hui Wu, Dong Wang, An-Bang Ma, Dong-Yun Gu, Hui-Hui Wu, Dong Wang, An-Bang Ma, Dong-Yun Gu, An-Bang Ma, Dong-Yun Gu, Hui-Hui Wu, Dong Wang
The cartilage surface geometry of natural human hip joint is commonly regarded as sphere. It has been widely applied in computational simulation and hip joint prosthesis design. Some new geometry models have been developed and the sphere assumption has been questioned recently. The objective of this study was to analyze joint geometry effects on cartilage contact stress distribution and investigate contact patterns during a whole gait cycle. Hip surface was reconstructed from CT data of a healthy volunteer...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223685/finger-posture-modulates-structural-body-representations
#11
Luigi Tamè, Elanah Dransfield, Thomas Quettier, Matthew R Longo
Patients with lesions of the left posterior parietal cortex commonly fail in identifying their fingers, a condition known as finger agnosia, yet are relatively unimpaired in sensation and skilled action. Such dissociations have traditionally been interpreted as evidence that structural body representations (BSR), such as the body structural description, are distinct from sensorimotor representations, such as the body schema. We investigated whether performance on tasks commonly used to assess finger agnosia is modulated by changes in hand posture...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216857/body-image-and-sexuality-in-women-survivors-of-breast-cancer-in-india-qualitative-findings
#12
Michelle S Barthakur, Mahendra P Sharma, Santosh K Chaturvedi, Suraj K Manjunath
OBJECTIVES: With increasing rates of breast cancer survivors, psychosocial issues surrounding cancer survivorship have been gaining prominence. The following article reports on body image and sexuality-related issues in aftermath of the diagnosis and its treatment in the Indian context. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Research design was mixed method, cross-sectional, and exploratory in nature. Quantitative sample consisted of fifty survivors while the qualitative sample size included 15 out of the 50 total breast cancer survivors who were recruited from hospitals, nongovernmental organization, and through word-of-mouth...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185587/local-self-governance-in-health-a-study-of-it-s-functioning-in-odisha-india
#13
Bhuputra Panda, Sanjay P Zodpey, Harshad P Thakur
BACKGROUND: Local decision making is linked to several service quality improvement parameters. Rogi Kalyan Samitis (RKS) at peripheral decision making health units (DMHU) are composite bodies that are mandated to ensure accountability and transparency in governance, improve quality of services, and facilitate local responsiveness. There is scant literature on the nature of functioning of these institutions in Odisha. This study aimed to assess the perception of RKS members about their roles, involvement and practices with respect to local decision making and management of DMHUs; it further examined perceptual and functional differences between priority and non-priority district set-ups; and identified predictors of involvement of RKS members in local governance of health units...
October 31, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169567/using-social-network-analysis-to-better-understand-compulsive-exercise-behavior-among-a-sample-of-sorority-members
#14
Megan S Patterson, Patricia Goodson
BACKGROUND: Compulsive exercise, a form of unhealthy exercise often associated with prioritizing exercise and feeling guilty when exercise is missed, is a common precursor to and symptom of eating disorders. College-aged women are at high risk of exercising compulsively compared to other groups. Social network analysis (SNA) is a theoretical perspective and methodology allowing researchers to observe the effects of relational dynamics on the behaviors of people. METHODS: SNA was used to assess the relationship between compulsive exercise and body dissatisfaction, physical activity, and network variables...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164360/new-insights-into-the-spermatogenesis-of-the-black-tiger-prawn-penaeus-monodon
#15
Tianyi Feng, Brian Paterson, Stephen Johnston
This study reports a comprehensive description of penaeid spermatogenesis (Penaeus monodon) by light and transmission electron microscopy. A conspicuous characteristic of spermatocytogenesis was a ring-like structure with high electron-density adjacent to the nucleus of a primary spermatocyte. During the spermiogenesis from stage I (StI) to stage VI spermatid (StVI), the formation of the acrosome and decondensation of the nucleus were the most notable morphological transformations. StIs were small and compact and they were contained in the syncytia...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152710/exploring-providers-and-survivors-perceptions-of-dedicated-cancer-survivorship-care-clinics
#16
Richard W Wagner, Megan Hebdon, Sara McComb, Katherine Ramsey Gilmore, Patricia Chapman, Maria Alma Rodriguez
117 Background: The complex physical and psychological sequelae faced by cancer survivors require methodical follow-up care. A growing body of evidence suggests clinics and providers dedicated to survivorship care is a promising approach for addressing these needs. Yet there is limited published data of survivors and providers' perceptions of dedicated survivorship care. This study's objective was to ascertain the strengths and weaknesses of clinical services provided in survivorship clinics. METHODS: This study used a mixed-methods approach with stratified purposive sampling in the breast, genitourinary, and head/neck survivorship clinics...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152185/mechanical-properties-of-canine-osteosarcoma-affected-antebrachia
#17
Michele A Steffey, Tanya C Garcia, Leticia Daniel, Allison L Zwingenberger, Susan M Stover
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of neoplasia on the biomechanical properties of canine antebrachia. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo biomechanical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Osteosarcoma (OSA)-affected canine antebrachia (n = 12) and unaffected canine antebrachia (n = 9). METHODS: Antebrachia were compressed in axial loading until failure. A load-deformation curve was used to acquire the structural mechanical properties of neoplastic and unaffected specimens...
February 2, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145283/accurate-description-of-the-electronic-structure-of-organic-semiconductors-by-gw-methods
#18
Noa Marom
Electronic properties associated with charged excitations, such as the ionization potential (IP), the electron affinity (EA), and the energy level alignment at interfaces, are critical parameters for the performance of organic electronic devices. To computationally design organic semiconductors and functional interfaces with tailored properties for target applications it is necessary to accurately predict these properties from first principles. Many-body perturbation theory is often used for this purpose within the GW approximation, where G is the one particle Green's function and W is the dynamically screened Coulomb interaction...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137338/structural-and-ultrastructural-description-of-larval-development-in-zungaro-jahu
#19
Camila Marques, Francine Faustino, Bruno Bertolucci, Maria do Carmo Faria Paes, Fernanda Nogueira Valentin, Laura Satiko Okada Nakaghi
The Zungaro jahu is an important large catfish of the order Siluriformes that is in danger of extinction due to habitat destruction. Studies on its biology are scarce and the majority relates only to nutrition or parasitology. In order to provide greater information on its morphology and aid husbandry and larviculture studies, the aim of this study was to characterize larval development in Z. jahu from hatching to total yolk absorption. Samples were collected at pre-established times, processed, stained, and analyzed under stereomicroscopy, light microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy...
January 31, 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131036/morphological-description-of-two-new-ciliates-ciliophora-karyorelictea-cryptopharyngidae-apocryptopharynx-discoidalis-spec-nov-and-cryptopharynx-minutus-spec-nov
#20
Yuan Xu, Xinpeng Fan, Saleh A Al-Farraj, Xiaozhong Hu
The karyorelictids, a highly specialized group of ciliates, mostly inhabit marine biotopes, and there is very little information about their diversity, taxonomy, and systematics. The present paper investigates two new cryptopharyngid ciliates, Apocryptopharynx discoidalis spec. nov. and Cryptopharynx minutus spec. nov., which were isolated from the intertidal zone of Diaosuyuan Beach in Qingdao, China. Apocryptopharynx discoidalis spec. nov. can be distinguished from related species by its oval discoid body shape and highly structured epipellicular scales covering the left lateral surface...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Protistology
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