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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802776/the-psychosocial-burden-of-psoriatic-arthritis
#1
REVIEW
M Elaine Husni, Joseph F Merola, Sara Davin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the psychosocial impact of psoriatic arthritis (PsA), describe how health-related quality of life (QoL) is affected in patients with PsA, discuss measures used to evaluate the psychosocial impact of PsA, and review studies examining the effect of therapy on QoL. METHODS: A targeted review on the impact of PsA on QoL and the role of tailored psychosocial management in reducing the psychosocial burden of the disease was performed. PubMed literature searches were conducted using the terms PsA, psychosocial burden, QoL, and mood/behavioral changes...
May 20, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800763/causes-trends-and-severity-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-ghana
#2
Eric Lawer Torgbenu, Emmanuel K Nakua, Henry Kyei, Eric Badu, Maxwell Peprah Opoku
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal [MSK] injuries are common causes of long-term pain and physical disability which affect many people worldwide. The economic and social impacts on the individual, society and national health systems are enormous making a matter of public health concern. Therefore, this study examined the causes and extent of MSK injuries in a referral hospital in Ghana. METHODS: A prospective study design with consecutive sampling method was used to recruit patients admitted at Trauma Unit as well as those receiving orthopaedic reviews at St...
August 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793373/reflection-on-the-cause-and-avoidance-of-recurrent-venous-leg-ulcers-an-interpretive-descriptive-approach
#3
Ann Stewart, Helen Edwards, Kathleen Finlayson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To gain insight into the experience of recurrent venous leg ulcers from the individual's perspective and provide knowledge on potential risks of recurrence not previously investigated. BACKGROUND: Venous leg ulcers are a consequence of chronic venous disease and frequently recur. They are costly and can impact on physical and psychological health. Despite research suggesting the risk can be reduced through compression and lifestyle changes, recurrence rates are often high...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769615/non-destructive-morphological-observations-of-the-fleshy-brittle-star-asteronyx-loveni-using-micro-computed-tomography-echinodermata-ophiuroidea-euryalida
#4
Masanori Okanishi, Toshihiko Fujita, Yu Maekawa, Takenori Sasaki
The first morphological observation of a euryalid brittle star, Asteronyx loveni, using non-destructive X-ray micro-computed tomography (µCT) was performed. The body of euryalids is covered by thick skin, and it is very difficult to observe the ossicles without dissolving the skin. Computed tomography with micrometer resolution (approximately 4.5-15.4 µm) was used to construct 3D images of skeletal ossicles and soft tissues in the ophiuroid's body. Shape and positional arrangement of taxonomically important ossicles were clearly observed without any damage to the body...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764380/extending-the-range-and-physical-accuracy-of-coarse-grained-models-order-parameter-dependent-interactions
#5
Jacob W Wagner, Thomas Dannenhoffer-Lafage, Jaehyeok Jin, Gregory A Voth
Order parameters (i.e., collective variables) are often used to describe the behavior of systems as they capture different features of the free energy surface. Yet, most coarse-grained (CG) models only employ two- or three-body non-bonded interactions between the CG particles. In situations where these interactions are insufficient for the CG model to reproduce the structural distributions of the underlying fine-grained (FG) model, additional interactions must be included. In this paper, we introduce an approach to expand the basis sets available in the multiscale coarse-graining (MS-CG) methodology by including order parameters...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759694/doctorate-of-nursing-practice-students-impressions-of-uses-for-visual-thinking-strategies
#6
Desiree Hensel, Margaret Moorman
Visual Thinking Strategies (VTS) is a structured art-viewing technique designed to teach critical thinking and aesthetic appreciation. Literature on how VTS might be used in nursing is just emerging. This qualitative descriptive study examined written responses to how 14 doctorate of nursing practice students thought they might use VTS in their practice after engaging in a classroom session. Three themes emerged for how nurses might use VTS: Facilitating Interpersonal Relationships, Changing Thinking in Practice, and As a Teaching Tool...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758770/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-obesity-systematic-review-of-behavioral-interventions-for-women
#7
Cheryl J McDonnell, Samantha V Garbers
OBJECTIVE: Studies have demonstrated a relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and adult obesity. Group interventions addressing the psychosocial sequelae of ACES using a trauma-informed approach for adults are well described in the literature. There is also a significant body of literature on the efficacy and proposed structure of interventions addressing weight reduction in adults. However, it is unknown how often interventions addressing attainment of a healthy weight incorporate a specific focus on adult women with a history of ACEs, including childhood abuse and trauma...
July 31, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757773/vascular-burden-and-brain-aging-in-a-senior-volunteer-cohort-a-pilot-study
#8
Raymond Y Lo, Yen-Chieh Lo, Shu-Cin Chen, Yu-Ying Li, Ya-Ling Yang, Yu-Ling Chang, Huei-Chuan Sung, Tina H T Chiu, Joshua O S Goh
OBJECTIVE: To test the feasibility of establishing a senior volunteer cohort and describe vascular risks, cognitive function, and brain aging indices in a pilot study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 40 senior volunteers from the Tzu Chi Foundation and other organizations in Hualien in 2014-2015. We conducted in-person interviews to collect information on demographic features, physical fitness, dietary habits, comorbidities, and narratives of aging. Vascular risks including blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), serum glucose level, and lipid profile were examined...
April 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755682/the-effect-of-exercise-training-in-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis-with-severe-mobility-disability-a-systematic-review-and-future-research-directions
#9
REVIEW
Thomas Edwards, Lara A Pilutti
INTRODUCTION: There is evidence for the benefits of exercise training in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, these benefits have primarily been established in individuals with mild-to-moderate disability (i.e., Expanded Disability Status Scale [EDSS] scores 1.0-5.5), rather than among those with significant mobility impairment. Further, the approaches to exercise training that have been effective in persons with mild-to-moderate MS disability may not be physically accessible for individuals with mobility limitations...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751991/midwives-role-in-providing-nutrition-advice-during-pregnancy-meeting-the-challenges-a-qualitative-study
#10
Jamila Arrish, Heather Yeatman, Moira Williamson
This study explored the Australian midwives' role in the provision of nutrition advice. Little is known about their perceptions of this role, the influence of the model of care, and the barriers and facilitators that may influence them providing quality nutrition advice to pregnant women. Semistructured telephone interviews were undertaken with a subsample (n = 16) of the members of the Australian College of Midwives who participated in an online survey about midwives' nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and their confidence in providing nutrition advice during pregnancy...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747138/perspectives-on-rehabilitation-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-exploring-a-cross-cultural-view-of-parents-from-india-and-canada-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#11
Pranay Jindal, Joy C MacDermid, Peter Rosenbaum, Briano DiRezze, Amitesh Narayan
PURPOSE: To explore parents' perspectives on rehabilitation of their child with cerebral palsy and their information needs. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with parents of children with CP from India (n = 11) and Canada (n = 7). Data were analyzed through an interpretive description approach using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health framework. RESULTS: Body Structure and Function: Indian parents were more focused on fixing body structure and function challenges, and independent walking, than Canadian parents...
July 26, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746573/quality-of-life-socioeconomic-and-clinical-factors-and-physical-exercise-in-persons-living-with-hiv-aids
#12
Rafaela Catherine da Silva Cunha de Medeiros, Jason Azevedo de Medeiros, Tatiane Andreza Lima da Silva, Ricardo Dias de Andrade, Danielle Coutinho de Medeiros, Juliany de Souza Araújo, Antônio Manuel Gouveia de Oliveira, Marcos Aurélio de Albuquerque Costa, Paulo Moreira Silva Dantas
OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether socioeconomic and clinical aspects and the aspects of healthy life habits are associated with the quality of life of persons living with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional exploratory quantitative research, with 227 persons living with HIV/AIDS, treated at two hospitals of reference between April 2012 and June 2014. We used structured questionnaires to assess socioeconomic aspects (gender, age, education level, marital status, race, socioeconomic status, dependents on family income, employment relationship), clinical parameters (time of disease diagnosis, use and time of medication, CD4 T-cell count, and viral load), and practice of physical exercise...
July 20, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741222/network-of-anatomical-texts-nanatex-an-open-source-project-for-visualizing-the-interaction-between-anatomical-terms
#13
Ryusuke Momota, Aiji Ohtsuka
Anatomy is the science and art of understanding the structure of the body and its components in relation to the functions of the whole-body system. Medicine is based on a deep understanding of anatomy, but quite a few introductory-level learners are overwhelmed by the sheer amount of anatomical terminology that must be understood, so they regard anatomy as a dull and dense subject. To help them learn anatomical terms in a more contextual way, we started a new open-source project, the Network of Anatomical Texts (NAnaTex), which visualizes relationships of body components by integrating text-based anatomical information using Cytoscape, a network visualization software platform...
July 24, 2017: Anatomical Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734789/weathered-mc252-crude-oil-induced-anemia-and-abnormal-erythroid-morphology-in-double-crested-cormorants-phalacrocorax-auritus-with-light-microscopic-and-ultrastructural-description-of-heinz-bodies
#14
Kendal E Harr, Fred L Cunningham, Chris A Pritsos, Karen L Pritsos, Thivanka Muthumalage, Brian S Dorr, Katherine E Horak, Katie C Hanson-Dorr, Karen M Dean, Dave Cacela, Andrew K McFadden, Jane E Link, Katherine A Healy, Pete Tuttle, Steven J Bursian
Injury assessment of birds following the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill in 2010 was part of the Natural Resource Damage Assessment. One reported effect was hemolytic anemia with the presence of Heinz bodies (HB) in birds, however, the role of route and magnitude of exposure to oil is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to determine if double-crested cormorants (Phalacocorax auritis; DCCO) exposed orally and dermally to artificially weathered crude oil would develop hemolytic anemia including HB and reticulocytosis...
July 19, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729888/social-brain-circuitry-and-social-cognition-in-infants-born-preterm
#15
REVIEW
Angela Fenoglio, Michael K Georgieff, Jed T Elison
Preterm birth is associated with an increased risk of adverse neurologic, psychiatric, and cognitive outcomes. The brain circuits involved in processing social information are critical to all of these domains, but little work has been done to examine whether and how these circuits may be especially sensitive to prematurity. This paper contains a brief summary of some of the cognitive, psychiatric, and social outcomes associated with prematurity, followed by a description of findings from the modest body of research into social-cognitive development in infants and children born preterm...
2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729171/exercise-therapy-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Gregor Kuntze, Colleen Nesbitt, Jackie L Whittaker, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Clodagh Toomey, Shane Esau, Patricia K Doyle-Baker, Jena Shank, Julia Brooks, Susanne Benseler, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy of exercise interventions on improving outcomes across domains of functioning and disability in children and adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA). DATA SOURCES: Seven electronic databases were systematically searched up to December 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Original data, analytic prospective design, physical therapy led exercise intervention evaluation, children and adolescents with JIA, and assessment of functional, structural, activity, participation or quality of life outcomes...
July 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728548/social-brain-circuitry-and-social-cognition-in-infants-born-preterm
#17
REVIEW
Angela Fenoglio, Michael K Georgieff, Jed T Elison
Preterm birth is associated with an increased risk of adverse neurologic, psychiatric, and cognitive outcomes. The brain circuits involved in processing social information are critical to all of these domains, but little work has been done to examine whether and how these circuits may be especially sensitive to prematurity. This paper contains a brief summary of some of the cognitive, psychiatric, and social outcomes associated with prematurity, followed by a description of findings from the modest body of research into social-cognitive development in infants and children born preterm...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725628/perspectives-on-reflexology-a-qualitative-approach
#18
Nurul Haswani Embong, Yee Chang Soh, Long Chiau Ming, Tin Wui Wong
INTRODUCTION: Reflexology is the systematic practice of applying some pressure to particular points on the feet and hands to impact on health of related parts of the body. OBJECTIVE: To explore the practitioners' perspectives of reflexology in Malaysia. METHODS: Data was collected using face-to-face semi-structured interviews with practitioners in Malaysia. The interviews were conducted in the Malay language and recorded. Interview conversations were translated and transcribed verbatim...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707905/unifying-microscopic-and-continuum-treatments-of-van-der-waals-and-casimir-interactions
#19
Prashanth S Venkataram, Jan Hermann, Alexandre Tkatchenko, Alejandro W Rodriguez
We present an approach for computing long-range van der Waals (vdW) interactions between complex molecular systems and arbitrarily shaped macroscopic bodies, melding atomistic treatments of electronic fluctuations based on density functional theory in the former with continuum descriptions of strongly shape-dependent electromagnetic fields in the latter, thus capturing many-body and multiple scattering effects to all orders. Such a theory is especially important when considering vdW interactions at mesoscopic scales, i...
June 30, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701116/effectiveness-of-a-grief-intervention-for-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia
#20
Penny MacCourt, Marianne McLennan, Sandie Somers, Marian Krawczyk
In this article, we report on the structure and effectiveness of a grief management coaching intervention with caregivers of individuals with dementia. The intervention was informed by Marwit and Meuser's Caregiver Grief Model and considered levels of grief, sense of empowerment, coping, and resilience using five methods of delivery. Results indicate that the intervention had significant positive effects on caregivers' levels of grief and increased their levels of empowerment, coping, and resilience. The intervention was found to be effective across caregivers' characteristics as well as across five delivery modalities...
August 2017: Omega
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