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# Body structural description

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#1
Rani Nasser, Jonathan Nakhla, Saadat Sharif, Merritt Kinon, Reza Yassari
BACKGROUND: Penetrating spinal cord injuries pose a great challenge to both patients and the treating physicians. Although the overall incidence of penetrating spinal cord injury is the highest in the military, the ubiquity of guns in our society continues to make penetrating spinal cord injury prevalent in the civilian population. These types of injuries are particularly complicated because, beyond the trauma to the neural elements and supporting structures, other organs can be affected and a team approach is required for successful treatment...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
#2
PROBLEM/BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is very important for both mother and infant. Within Jordanian hospitals, intentions and barriers to breastfeeding have not been addressed effectively during preparing policies in routine antenatal care or in maternal and child health care. AIM: To identify the intentions and barriers toward breastfeeding among Jordanian mothers with a specific focus on women from low income circumstances. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study using quantitative methods was adopted in this study...
November 22, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
#3
Clément Zanolli, M Christopher Dean, Yared Assefa, Priscilla Bayle, José Braga, Silvana Condemi, Metasebia Endalamaw, Blade Engda Redae, Roberto Macchiarelli
OBJECTIVES: The immature partial mandible GAR IVE from the c. 1.7 Ma old Garba IV site at Melka Kunture (Upper Awash Basin, Ethiopia), the earliest human representative from a mountain-like environment, represents one of the oldest early Homo specimens bearing a mixed dentition. Following its first description (Condemi, ), we extended the analytical and comparative record of this specimen by providing unreported details about its inner morphology, tooth maturational pattern and age at death, crown size, and tooth tissue proportions...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
#4
Cheryl Lewis Ames, Jason Macrander
Cubozoans (box jellyfish) have a reputation as the most venomous animals on the planet. Herein, we provide a review of cubozoan prey capture and digestion informed by the scientific literature. Like all cnidarians, box jellyfish envenomation originates from structures secreted within nematocyte post-Golgi vesicles called nematocysts. When tentacles come in contact with prey or would-be predators, a cocktail of toxins is rapidly deployed from nematocysts via a long spiny tubule that serves to immobilize the target organism...
November 2016: Integrative and Comparative Biology
#5
The secondary structure conformational properties and hydration shell metrics of the Trp-cage mini-protein are examined in the folded and unfolded ensembles in mTIP3P, TIP4P, and TIP4P-Ew water models with the CHARMM22 force-field using molecular dynamics simulations at 250 K. Upon changing the water model, the conformational order metrics of the peptide show significant differences in the unfolded rather than in the folded ensemble. The unfolding temperatures for Trp-cage are observed to be around 460, 470, and 430 K in mTIP3P, TIP4P, and TIP4P-Ew, respectively...
November 23, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
#6
Ming Li, Zongyi Sun, Chong Wang, Lin Zhang
This paper gave detailed description of the fine structure of Apiosoma piscicola Blanchard 1885. These parasites were collected from the fry of Tachysurus fulvidraco during parasite surveys of fish at Jiangxia Fish Hatchery in Wuhan, Hubei province in May 2011. Its pellicle, peristomial apparatus, nuclei, trochal band and scopula were described, respectively. The relationship between these peritrich ciliates and their hosts was well discussed herein. The scopula of A. piscicola did not adhere directly to the surface of the host epithelial cells, but by means of a secreted adhesive pad of material according to the present study...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
#7
Sandeep K Reddy, Shelby C Straight, Pushp Bajaj, C Huy Pham, Marc Riera, Daniel R Moberg, Miguel A Morales, Chris Knight, Andreas W Götz, Francesco Paesani
The MB-pol many-body potential has recently emerged as an accurate molecular model for water simulations from the gas to the condensed phase. In this study, the accuracy of MB-pol is systematically assessed across the three phases of water through extensive comparisons with experimental data and high-level ab initio calculations. Individual many-body contributions to the interaction energies as well as vibrational spectra of water clusters calculated with MB-pol are in excellent agreement with reference data obtained at the coupled cluster level...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
#8
Kathleen Abrahamson, Yun Cai, Elizabeth Richards, Krista Cline, Marguerite E O'Haire
Research has shown that there are multiple benefits of animal assisted interventions for patients. However, the impact of interaction with these animals in staff is understudied, particularly in the acute care setting, and is thus a novel contribution to the literature on human-animal interaction. The purpose of this qualitative pilot study was to contribute to the body of knowledge surrounding the experiences and perceptions of hospital staff who have participated in a hospital-based animal assisted intervention program...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
#9
REVIEW
Nuan Chen, Lingling Tian, Liumin He, Seeram Ramakrishna
Diseases and disorders associated with nervous system such as injuries by trauma and neurodegeneration are shown to be one of the most serious problems in medicine, requiring innovative strategies to trigger and enhance the nerve regeneration. Tissue engineering aims to provide a highly biomimetic environment by using a combination of cells, materials and suitable biological cues, by which the lost body part may be regenerated or even fully rebuilt. Electrospinning, being able to produce extracellular matrix (ECM)-like nanostructures with great flexibility in design and choice of materials, have demonstrated their great potential for fabrication of nerve tissue engineered scaffolds...
September 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
#10
Aline Cristiane de Sousa Azevedo Aguiar, Dora Sadigursky, Lucas Amaral Martins, Tânia Maria de Oliva Menezes, Alana Libânia de Souza Santos, Luana Araújo Dos Reis
Objective: Understand the social consequences experienced by elderly affected by venous ulcers. Methodology: descriptive and exploratory study with a qualitative approach carried out in 2012 with eight participants at a physiotherapy clinic in the state of Bahia. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed through Bardin's thematic content analysis. Results: They showed that elderly patients with venous leg ulcers have become victims of prejudice, discrimination and have experienced embarrassment and shame in their daily routines because of the chronic wounds in their bodies, which makes than different from other people...
October 31, 2016: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
#11
Je Shik Nam, Ko Eun Lee, Ah Young Jun, Chong Suck Parke, Hyun Young Kim, You Hyeon Chae
OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences of athletes with spinal cord injury (SCI) in Korea with respect to dilemmas of participating in sports with regards to the facilitators and barriers, using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). METHODS: The facilitators and barriers to sports participation of individuals with SCI were examined using 112 ICF categories. A questionnaire in dichotomous scale was answered, which covered the subjects 'Body functions', 'Body structures', 'Activity and participation' and 'Environmental factors'...
October 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
#12
Baek-Kyu Kim, Heeyeon Kwon, Nobuaki Imanishi, Hak Chang
BACKGROUNDS: Various flaps elevated from the palm have been widely used for finger and hand reconstruction. Recently, perforator-based free flaps or venous free flaps have received popularity due to several advantages. The cutaneous venous system has been chosen as the circulatory outlet when designing and harvesting the flap from the palmer area due to the small size and thin nature of the flap. However, there have been few descriptions about the anatomy of the palmar cutaneous veins...
November 15, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
#13
Gyeong Deok Jo, Jae Young Lee, Sung-Tae Hong, Jung Hoon Kim, Joon Koo Han
A 60-year-old man was admitted due to rectosigmoid colon cancer, and a hepatic mass was incidentally found during the staging work-up. The mass appeared cystic with a thick wall and contained multiple bizarre cord-like structures on ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. The differential diagnoses included organizing abscess/hematoma, foreign body granuloma and parasite infestation. Serologic study revealed anti-sparganum antibodies. Over 4-year follow-up, the patient did not complain of symptoms, and no changes in the characteristics of the liver mass were observed...
October 28, 2016: World Journal of Radiology
#14
Andrzej Wincewicz
Professor Bolesław Jałowy (1906-1943) was a chairman of Department of Histology and Embryology at Faculty of Medicine of King John Casimir University (Polish: Universytet Jana Kazimierza: UJK) in Lvov. He succeeded Professor Władysław Szymonowicz (1869-1939) who held this position for decades. As the most skillful followers of his tutor, Bolesław Jałowy was a great investigator of physiology of human tissue, embryogenesis, histological consequences of female sex hormones on blood clotting action as well as regeneration of nerves in addition to description of silver staining technique for reticulin fibers of skin...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
#15
Luckwirun Chotisiri, Khemika Yamarat, Surasak Taneepanichskul
PURPOSE: High blood pressure increases the risk of cardiovascular and kidney diseases. The purpose of this study was to explore a baseline of hypertension knowledge, attitudes, and practices among older adults with hypertension at a sub-district Health Promoting Hospital in the Pathum Thani province of Thailand. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the outpatient clinic of the sub-district Health Promoting Hospital, one of the primary care sectors, between January and March 2015, and a total of 144 cases were recruited...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
#16
Jesus A Chavez, Wei Chen, Wendy L Frankel, Christina A Arnold
Hydrophilic polymer coating of medical devices serves to lubricate the device and prevent device-related complications. The coating can be mechanically disrupted and result in downstream injury via presumed thromboembolism. This process has been reported in the brain, heart, lung, and skin, and has been replicated through animal studies and in vitro histologic processing of the polymer coating. We report the first description of hydrophilic polymer-associated ischemic enterocolitis in a series of 7 specimens (small bowel=2, colon=4, aortic thrombus=1) from 3 patients...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
#17
Lars Bauger, Rob Bongaardt
This phenomenological study aimed to identify and describe the general meaning structure of the experience of well-being after retirement. We interviewed nine retirees about their lived experiences with well-being and analysed the data with Giorgi's descriptive phenomenological method. The general meaning structure described well-being in retirement as a phenomenon that interweaves four constituents: (1) an awareness of and gratitude for a healthy and functioning body, (2) a new experience of time presenting possibilities for action, (3) a heightened sense of agency, and (4) being-in-place in relationships...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
#18
Golrokh Moridi, Sina Valiee, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi, Golnaz Esmaeil Nasab, Shahnaz Khaledi
INTRODUCTION: Health is an exclusive and subjective phenomenon, and one of the most important situations with regard to perception of health, arises when patients suffer from a chronic disease. This study was conducted within the qualitative research framework and aimed to explore the meanings of health as perceived by a group of Iranian diabetic patients. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative analysis design was used. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 20 participants among diabetic patients, who were admitted to the diabetes care centre of Tohid Hospital of the Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran during a ten-month period in 2014...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
#19
Elizabeth Gathoni Kibaru, Amos Magembe Otara
BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality has remained high in Kenya despite various efforts being applied to reduce this negative trend. Early detection of neonatal illness is an important step towards improving new born survival. Toward this end there is need for the mothers to be able to identify signs in neonates that signifies severe neonatal illnesses. The objective of the study was to determine the level of knowledge of mothers attending well baby clinics on postnatal neonatal danger signs and determine the associated factors...
October 25, 2016: BMC Research Notes
#20
John F Ouyang, Ryan P A Bettens
Many-body effects are required for an accurate description of both structure and dynamics of large chemical systems. However, there are numerous such interactions to consider and it is not obvious which ones are significant. We provide a general and fast method for establishing which small set of three- and four-body interactions are important. This is achieved by estimating the maximum many-body effects, $\epsilon_\mathrm{max}$, that can arise in a given arrangement of bodies. Through careful analysis of $\epsilon_\mathrm{max}$ we find two overall causes for significant many-body interactions...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
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