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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691205/developing-sustainable-and-impactful-mobile-phone-hiv-testing-interventions-for-spanish-speaking-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states-lessons-learned-from-informative-interviews
#1
Jason Mitchell, Maria Beatriz Torres, Lucy Asmar, Thu Danh, Keith J Horvath
BACKGROUND: Although many men who have sex with men (MSM) test for HIV at least once in their lifetime, opportunities to improve regular HIV testing, particularly among Hispanic or Latino MSM, is needed. Many mHealth interventions in development, including the ones on HIV testing, have primarily focused on English-speaking white, black, and MSM of other races. To date, no studies have assessed app use, attitudes, and motivations for downloading and sustaining use of mobile apps and preferences with respect to HIV prevention among Spanish-speaking, Hispanic MSM in the United States...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691203/addressing-participant-validity-in-a-small-internet-health-survey-the-restore-study-protocol-and-recommendations-for-survey-response-validation
#2
James Dewitt, Benjamin Capistrant, Nidhi Kohli, B R Simon Rosser, Darryl Mitteldorf, Enyinnaya Merengwa, William West
BACKGROUND: While deduplication and cross-validation protocols have been recommended for large Web-based studies, protocols for survey response validation of smaller studies have not been published. OBJECTIVE: This paper reports the challenges of survey validation inherent in a small Web-based health survey research. METHODS: The subject population was North American, gay and bisexual, prostate cancer survivors, who represent an under-researched, hidden, difficult-to-recruit, minority-within-a-minority population...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691128/ice-parties-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-thailand-pleasures-secrecy-and-risks
#3
Thomas E Guadamuz, Pimpawun Boonmongkon
BACKGROUND: Crystal methamphetamine (ice) has become the substance of choice among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in urban Thailand. Yet, there is scarce data on this phenomenon, partly due to the difficulty in accessing men who will disclose and openly discuss the social contexts, meanings and risks surrounding ice practice. We present an ethnography of ice parties, critically discussing the in-depth social meanings of ice; the sexual socialities and the secrecy surrounding its use; the transactions between older and younger men; and the role of the Internet and mobile technology...
April 21, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689129/attitudes-towards-and-knowledge-about-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-patients-among-italian-nurses-an-observational-study
#4
Carlo Della Pelle, Francesca Cerratti, Pamela Di Giovanni, Francesco Cipollone, Giancarlo Cicolini
PURPOSE: To assess Italian nurses' knowledge and attitudes towards gay and lesbian sexual orientation and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients, as there is currently no literature exploring the attitudes of nurses in Italy. METHODS: A multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted between May 2015 to January 2016, using a data collection tool composed of three validated questionnaires and a sociodemographic form. FINDINGS: Eight hundred twenty-four nurses filled out the questionnaire...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688862/the-cost-effectiveness-of-oral-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-and-early-antiretroviral-therapy-in-the-presence-of-drug-resistance-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-san-francisco
#5
Mingwang Shen, Yanni Xiao, Libin Rong, Lauren Ancel Meyers, Steven E Bellan
BACKGROUND: Poor adherence to either antiretroviral treatment (ART) or pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) can promote drug resistance, though this risk is thought to be considerably higher for ART. In the population of men who have sex with men (MSM) in San Francisco, PrEP coverage reached 9.6% in 2014 and has continued to rise. Given the risk of drug resistance and high cost of second-line drugs, the costs and benefits of initiating ART earlier while expanding PrEP coverage remain unclear...
April 24, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688317/hiv-and-viral-hepatitis-among-imprisoned-key-populations
#6
Andrea L Wirtz, Ping T Yeh, Natalie L Flath, Chris Beyrer, Kate Dolan
Prisons and other closed facilities create opportunities for transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and viral hepatitis during detention and after release. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of peer-reviewed publications (2005-2015) to describe the prevalence of HIV, hepatitis C virus, and hepatitis B virus among key populations in prisons worldwide and to compare estimates of infection with those of other prison populations. Most data were reported for people who inject drugs (PWID; n = 72) and for men who have sex with men (MSM; n = 21); few data were reported on sex workers (SW; n = 6), or transgender women (n = 2)...
April 21, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688270/risk-factors-and-incidence-of-syphilis-in-hiv-infected-persons-the-hiv-outpatient-study-1999-2015
#7
Richard M Novak, Abdelhamid Ghanem, Rachel Hart, Douglas Ward, Carl Armon, Kate Buchacz
Background: Since 2000, the incidence of syphilis has been increasing, especially among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States (U.S.). We assessed temporal trends and associated risk factors for newly diagnosed syphilis infections among HIV-infected patients during a 16-year period. Methods: We analyzed data from the HIV Outpatient Study (HOPS) cohort participants seen at ten U.S. HIV clinics during 1999 - 2015. New syphilis cases were defined based on laboratory parameters and clinical diagnoses...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687472/conscience-claims-metaphysics-and-avoiding-an-lgbt-eugenic
#8
Abram Brummett
Novel assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are poised to present our society with strange new ethical questions, such as whether lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) couples should be allowed to produce children biologically related to both parents, or whether trans-women who want to experience childbirth should be allowed to receive uterine transplants. Clinicians opposed to offering such technologies to LGBT couples on moral grounds are likely to seek legal shelter through the conscience clauses enshrined in U...
April 23, 2018: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684134/changes-in-executive-function-following-a-stressful-interpersonal-task-are-associated-with-condomless-anal-intercourse-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#9
David M Huebner, Larissa A McGarrity, Timothy W Smith, Nicholas S Perry, Yana Suchy
Background: Executive functioning (EF) describes a set of neurocognitive processes critical to enacting complex health behaviors. However, theoretical frameworks for understanding sexual risk behavior have generally neglected neurocognitive constructs, and beyond a few studies of individuals selected for high substance use, the literature contains virtually no research on this topic with other adults at risk for HIV infection, such as men who have sex with men (MSM). Purpose: This study tested whether EF was associated with condomless anal intercourse (CAI) among MSM...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684131/the-somatic-marker-hypothesis-and-sexual-decision-making-understanding-the-role-of-iowa-gambling-task-performance-and-daily-sexual-arousal-on-the-sexual-behavior-of-gay-and-bisexual-men
#10
H Jonathon Rendina, Brett M Millar, Genevieve Dash, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Jeffrey T Parsons
Background: The sexual decision-making literature suggests that sexual arousal and behavior are associated. The somatic marker hypothesis suggests that individual neuropsychological differences in decision making, as measured by the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), may moderate these associations; however, this hypothesis has yet to be tested with event-level sexual behavior data. Purpose: We hypothesized that (a) daily sexual arousal would be positively associated with likelihood of engaging in sex and condomless anal sex (CAS) and (b) IGT scores would moderate these associations such that the associations would be stronger among those with higher IGT scores...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684083/hiv-1-transmission-networks-across-cyprus-2010-2012
#11
Leondios G Kostrikis, Johana Hezka, Dora C Stylianou, Evangelia Kostaki, Maria Andreou, Ioanna Kousiappa, Dimitrios Paraskevis, Ioannis Demetriades
A molecular epidemiology study of HIV-1 infection was conducted in one hundred diagnosed and untreated HIV-1-infected patients in Cyprus between 2010 and 2012, representing 65.4% of all the reported HIV-1 infections in Cyprus in this three-year period, using a previously defined enrolment strategy. Eighty-two patients were newly diagnosed (genotypic drug resistance testing within six months from diagnosis), and eighteen patients were HIV-1 diagnosed for a longer period or the diagnosis date was unknown. Phylogenetic trees of the pol sequences obtained in this study with reference sequences indicated that subtypes B and A1 were the most common subtypes present and accounted for 41...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683993/impact-of-improved-hiv-care-and-treatment-on-prep-effectivenesss-in-the-united-states-2016-2020
#12
Nidhi Khurana, Emine Yaylali, Paul G Farnham, Katherine A Hicks, Benjamin T Allaire, Evin Jacobson, Stephanie L Sansom
BACKGROUND: The effect of improving diagnosis, care, and treatment of persons living with HIV (PLWH) on PrEP effectiveness in the United States has not be well established. METHODS: We used a dynamic, compartmental model that simulates the sexually active US population. We investigated the change in cumulative HIV incidence from 2016 to 2020 for three HIV care continuum levels, and the marginal benefit of PrEP compared with each. We also explored the marginal benefit of PrEP for individual risk groups, and as PrEP adherence, coverage and dropout rates varied...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683856/seroconversion-on-prep-a-case-report-with-segmental-hair-analysis-for-timed-adherence-determination
#13
Joshua T Thaden, Monica Gandhi, Hideaki Okochi, Christopher B Hurt, Mehri S McKellar
OBJECTIVE: We describe the third case report of seroconversion with multidrug resistant (MDR)-HIV despite pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with emtricitabine (FTC) and tenofovir (TFV) disoproxil (TDF). DESIGN: Case report. METHODS: PrEP adherence was assessed via self-report, pharmacy records, and measuring TFV/FTC levels with liquid-chromatography/tandem-mass-spectrometry in plasma and hair. Segmental hair analysis was performed to assess PrEP adherence over prior months...
April 19, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683847/psychoactive-substances-alcohol-and-tobacco-consumption-in-hiv-infected-outpatients
#14
Jean-Marc Jacquet, Hélène Peyriere, Alain Makinson, Marianne Peries, Nicolas Nagot, Hélène Donnadieu-Rigole, Jacques Reynes
OBJECTIVES: To assess the alcohol consumption, tobacco addiction and psychoactive substance use (PSU) of people living with HIV (PLHIV). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in an HIV outpatient unit. METHODS: Autoquestionnaire systematically proposed to all patients during their usual clinical care visit during a 6-months period, for alcohol (AUDIT test), tobacco (Short Fagerstrom Test) and PSU (ASSIST V3.0 test). RESULTS: Of 1334 distributed questionnaires, 1018 PLHIV responded: 76...
April 19, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683699/minority-stress-and-relationship-functioning-among-young-male-same-sex-couples-an-examination-of-actor-partner-interdependence-models
#15
Brian A Feinstein, Elizabeth McConnell, Christina Dyar, Brian Mustanski, Michael E Newcomb
OBJECTIVE: In different-sex couples, individual and partner stress can both have a negative impact on relationship functioning (actor and partner effects). Gay and bisexual men experience unique stress (sexual minority stress), but few studies have examined the effects of this stress on relationship functioning among young male couples. The current study examined (a) actor and partner effects of general and minority stress (internalized stigma, microaggressions, victimization, and outness) on relationship functioning (relationship quality and negative relationship interactions), (b) interactions between individual and partner stress as predictors of relationship functioning, and (c) dyadic coping and relationship length as moderators of actor and partner effects...
May 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683115/timing-and-mode-of-breast-care-nurse-consultation-from-the-patient-s-perspective
#16
Janie Brown, Gay Refeld, Alannah Cooper
OBJECTIVES: To understand what, if any, differences exist in the perception of a breast care nurse (BCN) consultation between women who experienced a preoperative, face-to-face counseling and education opportunity with a BCN, and those who required a telephone consultation or were unable to experience a preoperative BCN consultation. SAMPLE & SETTING: A convenience sample of women in a private hospital in Western Australia who had breast surgery for breast cancer, BRCA gene mutation, or breast cancer risk reduction, and who experienced face-to-face contact, telephone contact, or no preoperative contact with a BCN...
May 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683025/developing-resilience-gay-men-s-response-to-systemic-discrimination
#17
Ingrid Handlovsky, Vicky Bungay, John Oliffe, Joy Johnson
Gay men experience marked health disparities compared to heterosexual men, associated with profound discrimination. Resilience as a concept has received growing attention to increase understanding about how gay men promote and protect their health in the presence of adversity. Missing in this literature are the perspectives and experiences of gay men over 40 years. This investigation, drawing on grounded theory methods, examined how gay men over 40 years of age develop resilience over the course of their lives to promote and protect their health...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682309/australasian-society-for-hiv-viral-hepatitis-and-sexual-health-medicine-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-clinical-guidelines-update-april-2018
#18
EDITORIAL
Edwina Wright, Andrew Grulich, Katy Roy, Mark Boyd, Vincent Cornelisse, Darren Russell, Darryl O'Donnell, Bill Whittaker, Levinia Crooks, Iryna Zablotska
Daily use of coformulated tenofovir and emtricitabine for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) by populations at high risk of HIV infection is now recommended in guidelines from the United States, Europe and Australia and globally through the 2015 WHO guidelines. These 2017 Australasian Society for HIV, Viral Hepatitis and Sexual Health Medicine's (ASHM) PrEP Guidelines are an updated adaptation of the 2014 US Centers for Disease Control's PrEP guidelines and are designed to: •Support the prescription of PrEP using forms of coformulated tenofovir and emtricitabine that have been registered in Australia by the Therapeutic Goods Administration and other bioequivalent generic drugs that are available in Australia through self-importation, private prescription or Australian PrEP clinical trials•Assist clinicians in the evaluation of patients who are seeking PrEP•Assist clinicians in commencing and monitoring patients on PrEP including PrEP dosing schedules, management of side-effects and toxicity, use of PrEP in pregnancy and in chronic hepatitis B infection and how to cease PrEP Daily PrEP with co-formulated tenofovir and emtricitabine, used continuously or for shorter periods of time, is recommended in these guidelines as a key HIV-prevention option for men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender men and women, heterosexual men and women, and people who inject drugs (PWID) at substantial risk of HIV acquisition...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680936/hiv-risk-and-protective-factors-in-the-context-of-alcohol-and-substance-use-during-pride
#19
Paul A Shuper, Duncan J MacLachlan, Narges Joharchi, Tim H Guimond, John Maxwell, Barry D Adam
This investigation sought to identify HIV-risk and -protective factors among men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) who engaged in anal sex following alcohol or substance use during an international Pride Festival. MSM attending World Pride were surveyed regarding (1) alcohol, substance use, and sex during the past 24 h; and (2) HIV-risk and -protective factors. Valid data were provided by 1123 MSM. Anal sex was reported by 195 MSM, among whom the majority (n = 105) consumed alcohol or substances prior to sex...
April 21, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680827/hiv-seroprevalence-self-reported-stis-and-associated-risk-factors-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-study-in-rwanda-2015
#20
Roman Saba Ntale, Gad Rutayisire, Pierre Mujyarugamba, Eliah Shema, Jane Greatorex, Simon David William Frost, Pontiano Kaleebu
OBJECTIVES: In many populations, men who have sex with men (MSM) are at a high risk of HIV infection. This study aimed to estimate the burden of HIV, other STIs and risk behaviours among Rwandan MSM. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we recruited through peer referral men aged between 18 and 60 years, who reported sex with men at least once in the 12 months prior to the survey. Representativeness was increased using 'seeds' from a variety of sources. Signed informed consent was obtained from all participants...
April 21, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
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