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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725198/3d-reconstruction-of-the-digestive-system-in-octopus-vulgaris-cuvier-1797-embryos-and-paralarvae-during-the-first-month-of-life
#1
Raquel Fernández-Gago, Martin Heß, Heidemarie Gensler, Francisco Rocha
Octopus vulgaris aquaculture is limited due to poor biological knowledge of the paralarval stages (e.g., digestive system functionality), their nutritional requirements (e.g., adequate live diet) and standardization of rearing techniques. These factors are important in explaining the high mortality rate observed in this developmental stage under culture conditions. For a better understanding of nutrition biology of this species, we investigated the 3D microanatomy of the digestive tract of the embryo and paralarvae during the first month of life...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723550/induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-primitive-macrophages-provide-a-platform-for-modeling-tissue-resident-macrophage-differentiation-and-function
#2
Kazuyuki Takata, Tatsuya Kozaki, Christopher Zhe Wei Lee, Morgane Sonia Thion, Masayuki Otsuka, Shawn Lim, Kagistia Hana Utami, Kerem Fidan, Dong Shin Park, Benoit Malleret, Svetoslav Chakarov, Peter See, Donovan Low, Gillian Low, Marta Garcia-Miralles, Ruizhu Zeng, Jinqiu Zhang, Chi Ching Goh, Ahmet Gul, Sandra Hubert, Bernett Lee, Jinmiao Chen, Ivy Low, Nurhidaya Binte Shadan, Josephine Lum, Tay Seok Wei, Esther Mok, Shohei Kawanishi, Yoshihisa Kitamura, Anis Larbi, Michael Poidinger, Laurent Renia, Lai Guan Ng, Yochai Wolf, Steffen Jung, Tamer Önder, Evan Newell, Tara Huber, Eishi Ashihara, Sonia Garel, Mahmoud A Pouladi, Florent Ginhoux
Tissue macrophages arise during embryogenesis from yolk-sac (YS) progenitors that give rise to primitive YS macrophages. Until recently, it has been impossible to isolate or derive sufficient numbers of YS-derived macrophages for further study, but data now suggest that induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can be driven to undergo a process reminiscent of YS-hematopoiesis in vitro. We asked whether iPSC-derived primitive macrophages (iMacs) can terminally differentiate into specialized macrophages with the help of growth factors and organ-specific cues...
July 18, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723544/upgrading-from-imac-to-imicro
#3
Alma N Mohebiany, Ari Waisman
In this issue of Immunity, Takata et al. (2017) describe a novel method to differentiate macrophages from iPSCs. These cells, which they call iMacs, are similar to yolk-sac-derived macrophages and are capable of undergoing terminal differentiation into tissue-resident-like macrophages in vitro and in vivo.
July 18, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712873/the-effect-of-oil-sands-tailings-pond-sediments-on-embryo-larval-walleye-sander-vitreus
#4
J C Raine, D Turcotte, V Tumber, K M Peru, Z Wang, C Yang, J V Headley, J L Parrott
Walleye (Sander vitreus) are a commercially important North American fish species that inhabit the Athabasca River. This river flows through the Athabasca oil sands where natural sources of bitumen erode from the McMurray formation. Little information is available on responses of walleye embryos to oil sands tailings pond sediments in a laboratory setting. The current study describes the design and implementation of a daily-renewal bioassay to assess the potential effects of tailings pond sediments from the Athabasca oil sands area on walleye development...
July 13, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711530/pitfalls-of-a-neuroendoscopic-biopsy-of-intraventricular-germ-cell-tumors
#5
Yasuyuki Kinoshita, Fumiyuki Yamasaki, Atsushi Tominaga, Taiichi Saito, Tetsuhiko Sakoguchi, Takeshi Takayasu, Satoshi Usui, Kazuhiko Sugiyama, Kazunori Arita, Kaoru Kurisu
OBJECTIVE: A neuroendoscopic biopsy has become common for the diagnosis of ventricular tumors. However, its utility in patients with germ cell tumors (GCTs) has not been well discussed. We examined the usefulness and pitfalls of neuroendoscopic biopsies of intraventricular GCTs at a single institution. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 21 consecutive patients diagnosed with GCT by a neuroendoscopic biopsy of the ventricular region via the lateral ventricle. We examined the localization of tumors, histological diagnoses using biopsies, surgical complications, and consistency of the diagnosis at the latest follow-up...
July 12, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701710/deficient-vitamin-e-uptake-during-development-impairs-neural-tube-closure-in-mice-lacking-lipoprotein-receptor-sr-bi
#6
Nicolás Santander, Carlos Lizama, María José Parga, Alonso Quiroz, Druso Pérez, Guadalupe Echeverría, Lorena Ulloa, Verónica Palma, Attilio Rigotti, Dolores Busso
SR-BI is the main receptor for high density lipoproteins (HDL) and mediates the bidirectional transport of lipids, such as cholesterol and vitamin E, between these particles and cells. During early development, SR-BI is expressed in extraembryonic tissue, specifically in trophoblast giant cells in the parietal yolk sac. We previously showed that approximately 50% of SR-BI(-/-) embryos fail to close the anterior neural tube and develop exencephaly, a perinatal lethal condition. Here, we evaluated the role of SR-BI in embryonic vitamin E uptake during murine neural tube closure...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692652/developmental-transcriptomic-analyses-for-mechanistic-insights-into-critical-pathways-involved-in-embryogenesis-of-pelagic-mahi-mahi-coryphaena-hippurus
#7
Elvis Genbo Xu, Edward M Mager, Martin Grosell, John D Stieglitz, E Starr Hazard, Gary Hardiman, Daniel Schlenk
Mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus) is a commercially and ecologically important species of fish occurring in tropical and temperate waters worldwide. Understanding early life events is crucial for predicting effects of environmental stress, which is largely restricted by a lack of genetic resources regarding expression of early developmental genes and regulation of pathways. The need for anchoring developmental stages to transcriptional activities is highlighted by increasing evidence on the impacts of recurrent worldwide oil spills in this sensitive species during early development...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689984/local-cues-establish-and-maintain-region-specific-phenotypes-of-basal-ganglia-microglia
#8
Lindsay M De Biase, Kornel E Schuebel, Zachary H Fusfeld, Kamwing Jair, Isobel A Hawes, Raffaello Cimbro, Hai-Ying Zhang, Qing-Rong Liu, Hui Shen, Zheng-Xiong Xi, David Goldman, Antonello Bonci
Microglia play critical roles in tissue homeostasis and can also modulate neuronal function and synaptic connectivity. In contrast to astrocytes and oligodendrocytes, which arise from multiple progenitor pools, microglia arise from yolk sac progenitors and are widely considered to be equivalent throughout the CNS. However, little is known about basic properties of deep brain microglia, such as those within the basal ganglia (BG). Here, we show that microglial anatomical features, lysosome content, membrane properties, and transcriptomes differ significantly across BG nuclei...
July 19, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683563/modulation-of-hematopoietic-lineage-specification-impacts-trem2-expression-in-microglia-like-cells-derived-from-human-stem-cells
#9
Peter J Amos, Susan Fung, Amanda Case, Jerusalem Kifelew, Leah Osnis, Carole L Smith, Kevin Green, Alipi Naydenov, Macarena Aloi, Jesse J Hubbard, Aravind Ramakrishnan, Gwenn A Garden, Suman Jayadev
Microglia are the primary innate immune cell type in the brain, and their dysfunction has been linked to a variety of central nervous system disorders. Human microglia are extraordinarily difficult to obtain for experimental investigation, limiting our ability to study the impact of human genetic variants on microglia functions. Previous studies have reported that microglia-like cells can be derived from human monocytes or pluripotent stem cells. Here, we describe a reproducible relatively simple method for generating microglia-like cells by first deriving embryoid body mesoderm followed by exposure to microglia relevant cytokines...
July 2017: ASN Neuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674485/the-pathophysiological-role-of-microglia-in-dynamic-surveillance-phagocytosis-and-structural-remodeling-of-the-developing-cns
#10
REVIEW
Cataldo Arcuri, Carmen Mecca, Roberta Bianchi, Ileana Giambanco, Rosario Donato
In vertebrates, during an early wave of hematopoiesis in the yolk sac between embryonic day E7.0 and E9.0, cells of mesodermal leaflet addressed to macrophage lineage enter in developing central nervous system (CNS) and originate the developing native microglial cells. Depending on the species, microglial cells represent 5-20% of glial cells resident in adult brain. Here, we briefly discuss some canonical functions of the microglia, i.e., cytokine secretion and functional transition from M1 to M2 phenotype...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671658/analysis-of-microglia-and-monocyte-derived-macrophages-from-the-central-nervous-system-by-flow-cytometry
#11
Elodie Martin, Mohamed El-Behi, Bertrand Fontaine, Cecile Delarasse
Numerous studies have demonstrated the role of immune cells, in particular macrophages, in central nervous system (CNS) pathologies. There are two main macrophage populations in the CNS: (i) the microglia, which are the resident macrophages of the CNS and are derived from yolk sac progenitors during embryogenesis, and (ii) the monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM), which can infiltrate the CNS during disease and are derived from bone marrow progenitors. The roles of each macrophage subpopulation differ depending on the pathology being studied...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664291/histological-study-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract-in-longfin-yellowtail-seriola-rivoliana-larvae
#12
Andressa Teles, Joan Salas-Leiva, Carlos Alfonso Alvarez-González, Enric Gisbert, Leonardo Ibarra-Castro, Juan Carlos Pérez Urbiola, Dariel Tovar-Ramírez
This work contributes basic knowledge on larval development of Seriola rivoliana. A histological study describes the development of the digestive tract and accessory glands in S. rivoliana larvae reared under laboratory conditions at 24 °C from hatching to 30 days post-hatching (DPH). At hatching (2.6 ± 0.12 mm), larvae had an undifferentiated digestive tract with a closed straight tube and a large yolk sac with an oil globule. The liver and pancreas were observed at 1 and 2 days, and the mouth and anus opened at day 2...
June 29, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664024/neuroendoscopy-via-an-extremely-narrow-foramen-of-monro-a-case-report
#13
Alhusain Nagm, Toshihiro Ogiwara, Tetsuya Goto, Akihiro Chiba, Kazuhiro Hongo
Herein, safe and reliable neuroendoscopic biopsy via an extremely narrow foramen of Monro (ENFM) for a non-hydrocephalic patient with hypothalamic and pineal region tumors was successfully applied. A 17-year-old boy presented with hypothalamic manifestations attributed to hypothalamic and pineal region tumors. Small ventricles were seen. Intraoperatively, to advance different diameter steerable fiberscopes via ENFM, the third ventricle was flushed to induce a moment increase in the intraventricular pressure with subsequent dilatation of FM...
January 2017: NMC Case Rep J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659595/cellular-uptake-of-prommp-2-timp-2-complexes-by-the-endocytic-receptor-megalin-lrp-2
#14
Manuel Johanns, Pascale Lemoine, Virginie Janssens, Giuseppina Grieco, Soren K Moestrup, Rikke Nielsen, Erik I Christensen, Pierre J Courtoy, Hervé Emonard, Etienne Marbaix, Patrick Henriet
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are regulated at multiple transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels, among which receptor-mediated endocytic clearance. We previously showed that low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (LRP-1) mediates the clearance of a complex between the zymogen form of MMP-2 (proMMP-2) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases, TIMP-2, in HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells. Here we show that, in BN16 rat yolk sac cells, proMMP-2:TIMP-2 complex is endocytosed through a distinct LRP member, megalin/LRP-2...
June 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658778/pure-primary-extragonadal-retroperitoneal-yolk-sac-tumour-in-a-young-child-a-case-report
#15
Vineeth G Nair, H S Kiran, P R Shanthala
Germ Cell Tumours (GCTs) in children are uncommon, constituting approximately only 3% of all malignancies in children younger than 15 years of age. Primary extragonadal GCTs constitute only 1-5% of all GCTs and a retroperitoneal site is seen only in 4% of all extragonadal GCTs. Extragonadal GCTs arise from local transformation of primordial germ cells which have been misplaced during the migration of these cells through the midline dorsal mesentery in the fourth-sixth week of embryogenesis. GCTs in children show remarkable variability in age, site, presentation and histology...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658171/gonadal-germ-cell-tumors-in-children-a-retrospective-review-of-a-10-year-single-center-experience
#16
Xiaokun Lin, Dazhou Wu, Na Zheng, Qiongzhang Xia, Yijiang Han
BACKGROUND: The true incidence of gonadal germ cell tumors (GCTs) in children is unknown. Few studies have been published concerning about pediatric gonadal GCTs. The aim of this study is to review and analyze clinical data on the diagnosis and management of gonadal GCTs in children. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2015, 127 pediatric patients (<14 years old) with gonadal GCTs admitted to our institute were reviewed. Clinical features, imaging and laboratory studies, surgical approaches, as well as pathological diagnoses were recorded...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655540/cloning-expression-pattern-and-promoter-functional-analysis-of-cyp19a1a-gene-in-miiuy-croaker
#17
Wei Huang, Pan Yang, Zhenming Lv, Changwen Wu, Jianfang Gui, Bao Lou
Gonadal-specific aromatase encoded by cyp19a1a is the important enzyme controlling estrogen biosynthesis in teleosts. In the present study, the cDNA sequence of cyp19a1a was cloned and characterized from miiuy croaker Miichthys miiuy. The cDNA encoded a protein of 519 amino acids with five structural regions. Higher identities of amino acid sequences and conserved structural regions were found between Mmcyp19a1a and other cyp19a1a genes. In addition, Mmcyp19a1a was clustered together with other seawater fishes...
June 24, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652559/expression-of-thyroid-hormone-regulator-genes-in-the-yolk-sac-membrane-of-the-developing-chicken-embryo
#18
Hanny Cho Too, Mitsuhiro Shibata, Masato Yayota, Veerle M Darras, Atsushi Iwasawa
Thyroid hormones (THs) are essential for the correct development of nearly every structure in the body from the very early stages of development, yet the embryonic thyroid gland is not functional at these stages. To clarify the roles of the egg yolk as a source of THs, the TH content in the yolk and the expression of TH regulator genes in the yolk sac membrane were evaluated throughout the 21-day incubation period of chicken embryos. The yolk TH content (22.3 ng triiodothyronine and 654.7 ng thyroxine per total yolk on day 4 of incubation) decreased almost linearly along with development...
June 25, 2017: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642277/adipose-tissue-macrophages-develop-from-bone-marrow-independent-progenitors-in-xenopus-laevis-and-mouse
#19
Syed F Hassnain Waqas, Anna Noble, Anh C Hoang, Grace Ampem, Manuela Popp, Sarah Strauß, Matthew Guille, Tamás Röszer
ATMs have a metabolic impact in mammals as they contribute to metabolically harmful AT inflammation. The control of the ATM number may have therapeutic potential; however, information on ATM ontogeny is scarce. Whereas it is thought that ATMs develop from circulating monocytes, various tissue-resident Mϕs are capable of self-renewal and develop from BM-independent progenitors without a monocyte intermediate. Here, we show that amphibian AT contains self-renewing ATMs that populate the AT before the establishment of BM hematopoiesis...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637225/characteristics-of-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-broiler-chickens-with-colibacillosis-in-commercial-farms-from-a-common-hatchery
#20
H Ozaki, Y Matsuoka, E Nakagawa, T Murase
To investigate the epidemiologic aspects of colibacillosis in broiler chickens, 83 Escherichia coli isolates obtained from the pericarditis and perihepatitis lesions in broiler chickens from 4 commercial farms, 5 isolates recovered from 5 samples of yolk sac contents that were pooled from 25 emaciated chicks, and 4 fecal isolates obtained from a hatchery that supplied chicks to the 4 commercial farms mentioned above were genetically and bacteriologically characterized. Using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), a total of 92 isolates were classified into 33 pulsotypes...
June 20, 2017: Poultry Science
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