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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924167/stress-of-nursing-students-in-clinical-simulation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Radamés Boostel, Jorge Vinícius Cestari Felix, Carina Bortolato-Major, Edivane Pedrolo, Stela Adami Vayego, Maria de Fátima Mantovani
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the perception of stressors by nursing students before and after a high-fidelity clinical simulation or conventional laboratory practice class. METHOD: This is a randomized clinical trial conducted with 52 nursing students. Both groups had theoretical classes about cardiothoracic physical examination, followed by practice class in skill laboratory. In addition, the experimental group took part in a high-fidelity simulation scenario...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923894/associations-between-disruptive-behavior-problems-parenting-factors-and-sleep-problems-among-young-children
#2
Jennifer Coto, Alexis Garcia, Katie C Hart, Paulo A Graziano
OBJECTIVE: To examine within an at-risk/clinical sample of preschool-aged children with externalizing problems: (1) which disruptive behavior and attention disorder symptoms (i.e., inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, and oppositionality/aggression) and (2) what aspects of parenting (e.g., discipline practices or stress) are related to children's sleep problems (e.g., sleep habit and night waking problems). METHOD: The sample consisted of 148 children (meanage = 5...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923893/the-consultation-observed-simulated-clinical-experience-training-assessment-and-feedback-for-incoming-interns-on-requesting-consultations
#3
Shannon K Martin, Keme Carter, Noah Hellermann, Laura R Glick, Samantha Ngooi, Marika Kachman, Jeanne M Farnan, Vineet M Arora
PROBLEM: Formal education in requesting consultations is inconsistent in medical education. To address this gap, the authors developed the Consultation Observed Simulated Clinical Experience (COSCE), a simulation-based curriculum for interns using Kessler et al's 5Cs of Consultation model to teach and assess consultation communication skills. APPROACH: In June 2016, 127 interns entering 12 University of Chicago Medicine residency programs participated in the COSCE pilot...
June 19, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923448/training-models-and-status-of-clinical-neuropsychologists-in-europe-results-of-a-survey-on-30-countries
#4
Laura Hokkanen, Sandra Lettner, Fernando Barbosa, Marios Constantinou, Lauren Harper, Erich Kasten, Sara Mondini, Bengt Persson, Nataliya Varako, Erik Hessen
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were to analyze the current European situation of specialist education and training within clinical neuropsychology, and the legal and professional status of clinical neuropsychologists in different European countries. METHOD: An online survey was prepared in 2016 by a Task Force established by the European Federation of Psychological Associations, and representatives of 30 countries gave their responses. Response rate was 76%. RESULTS: Only three countries were reported to regulate the title of clinical neuropsychologist as well as the education and practice of clinical neuropsychologists by law...
June 20, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922575/single-session-real-time-fmri-neurofeedback-has-a-lasting-impact-on-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-strategies
#5
Katherine E MacDuffie, Jeff MacInnes, Kathryn C Dickerson, Kari M Eddington, Timothy J Strauman, R Alison Adcock
To benefit from cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), individuals must not only learn new skills but also strategically implement them outside of session. Here, we tested a novel technique for personalizing CBT skills and facilitating their generalization to daily life. We hypothesized that showing participants the impact of specific CBT strategies on their own brain function using real-time functional magnetic imaging (rt-fMRI) neurofeedback would increase their metacognitive awareness, help them identify effective strategies, and motivate real-world use...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922460/optimizing-engagement-of-undergraduate-students-in-medical-education-research-the-emerg-training-network
#6
Michail Sideris, John Hanrahan, Nikolaos Staikoglou, Panteleimon Pantelidis, Connie Pidgeon, Nikolaos Psychalakis, Nikolai Andersen, Theodore Pittaras, Thanos Athanasiou, Georgios Tsoulfas, Apostolos Papalois
Background: The practice of evidence-based medicine and critical appraisal are essential for the modern doctor. Early engagement of medical students in research methodology is considered as a rising need for most medical school curricula; however, few peer-reviewed initiatives have been reported so far. We developed a Medical Education Research Group (eMERG) as part of a novel undergraduate surgical masterclass, which aimed to train undergraduate students on basic research methodology, as well as to motivate them to pursue a clinical and academic career in surgical specialties...
July 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922105/an-integrated-2-year-clinical-skills-peer-tutoring-scheme-in-a-uk-based-medical-school-perceptions-of-tutees-and-peer-tutors
#7
Hesham Khalid, Shiffa Shahid, Nikita Punjabi, Nikhil Sahdev
Background: Several benefits of peer tutoring in medical school teaching have been described. However, there is a lack of research on the perceptions of peer tutoring, particularly from tutees who partake in a long-term clinical skills scheme integrated into the medical school curriculum. This study evaluates the opinions of preclinical tutees at the end of a 2-year peer-tutored clinical skills program and peer tutors themselves. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a UK-based medical school that primarily utilizes peer tutoring for clinical skills teaching...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922049/sarcopenic-obesity-and-cognitive-performance
#8
Magdalena I Tolea, Stephanie Chrisphonte, James E Galvin
Background: Sarcopenia and obesity both negatively impact health including cognitive function. Their coexistence, however, can pose an even higher threat likely surpassing their individual effects. We assessed the relationship of sarcopenic obesity with performance on global- and subdomain-specific tests of cognition. Patients and methods: The study was a cross-sectional analysis of data from a series of community-based aging and memory studies. The sample consisted of a total of 353 participants with an average age of 69 years with a clinic visit and valid cognitive (eg, Montreal Cognitive Assessment, animal naming), functional (eg, grip strength, chair stands), and body composition (eg, muscle mass, body mass index, percent body fat) measurements...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921143/individual-treatment-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-using-mantram-repetition-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Jill E Bormann, Steven R Thorp, Eric Smith, Mark Glickman, Danielle Beck, Dorothy Plumb, Shibei Zhao, Princess E Ackland, Carie S Rodgers, Pia Heppner, Lawrence R Herz, A Rani Elwy
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies suggest that group "mantram" (sacred word) repetition therapy, a non-trauma-focused complementary therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), may be an effective treatment for veterans. The authors compared individually delivered mantram repetition therapy and another non-trauma-focused treatment for PTSD. METHOD: The study was a two-site, open-allocation, blinded-assessment randomized trial involving 173 veterans diagnosed with military-related PTSD from two Veterans Affairs outpatient clinics (January 2012 to March 2014)...
June 20, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920878/a-qualitative-analysis-of-students-perceptions-of-videos-to-support-learning-in-a-psychomotor-skills-course
#10
M G Botelho, X Gao, N Jagannathan
INTRODUCTION: This qualitative study analysed students' experiences and perceptions about different types of videos in a psychomotor skills course, relating to clinical knowledge and skills and how they benefited learners in and out of the classroom. METHODS: Subjects were recruited from 4th and 5th year dental undergraduate programme. The recruitment was terminated after 24 students participated since data saturation was reached. A semi-structured interview was conducted with each participating student, digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim...
June 19, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920873/strengthening-mental-health-nurses-resilience-through-a-workplace-resilience-programme-a-qualitative-inquiry
#11
Kim Foster, Celeste Cuzzillo, Trentham Furness
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Mental health nurses are affected by interpersonal, practice-related and organizational factors that can increase workplace stress and reduce their physical and mental health and well-being. Resilience programmes are a strength-based preventative approach to supporting individuals to overcome workplace adversities. WHAT THE PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This qualitative inquiry is the first study to report mental health nurses' perspectives and experiences on a workplace resilience programme...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916750/manual-wheelchair-tilt-rest-skill-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-awareness-and-capacity-among-wheelchair-users
#12
R Lee Kirby, Amira Aggour, Audrey Chen, Cher Smith, Chris Theriault, Kara Matheson
PURPOSE: The tilt-rest skill consists of tipping the wheelchair back and allowing it to rest against a solid object with the wheel locks applied (e.g., for pressure redistribution, neck comfort or hands-free activities). The objective of this study was to determine the proportion of experienced manual wheelchair users who are aware of this skill and who can perform it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 49 manual wheelchair users using a questionnaire developed for the purpose...
June 19, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916414/does-clinical-governance-influence-the-quality-of-medical-records
#13
Andrea Poscia, Elena Azzolini, Pasquale Cacciatore, Antonio Giulio de Belvis, Massimo Volpe, Andrea Cambieri, Gianfranco Damiani, Walter Ricciardi, Maria Lucia Specchia
BACKGROUND: Clinical Governance (CG) is a validated framework for continuous quality improvement in health care settings. Quality medical records may reflect the quality of care delivered and are a viable tool to implement CG skills. AIM: Aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between the level of implementation of CG dimensions and the quality of medical records. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in an Italian Teaching Hospital...
April 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915259/low-frequency-cortical-activity-is-a-neuromodulatory-target-that-tracks-recovery-after-stroke
#14
Dhakshin S Ramanathan, Ling Guo, Tanuj Gulati, Gray Davidson, April K Hishinuma, Seok-Joon Won, Robert T Knight, Edward F Chang, Raymond A Swanson, Karunesh Ganguly
Recent work has highlighted the importance of transient low-frequency oscillatory (LFO; <4 Hz) activity in the healthy primary motor cortex during skilled upper-limb tasks. These brief bouts of oscillatory activity may establish the timing or sequencing of motor actions. Here, we show that LFOs track motor recovery post-stroke and can be a physiological target for neuromodulation. In rodents, we found that reach-related LFOs, as measured in both the local field potential and the related spiking activity, were diminished after stroke and that spontaneous recovery was closely correlated with their restoration in the perilesional cortex...
June 18, 2018: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914441/peers-versus-professional-training-of-basic-life-support-in-syria-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Fatima Abbas, Bisher Sawaf, Ibrahem Hanafi, Mohammad Younis Hajeer, Mhd Ismael Zakaria, Wafaa Abbas, Fadi Alabdeh, Nazir Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Peer training has been identified as a useful tool for delivering undergraduate training in basic life support (BLS) which is fundamental as an initial response in cases of emergency. This study aimed to (1) Evaluate the efficacy of peer-led model in basic life support training among medical students in their first three years of study, compared to professional-led training and (2) To assess the efficacy of the course program and students' satisfaction of peer-led training...
June 18, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914440/ethical-competence-in-dnr-decisions-a-qualitative-study-of-swedish-physicians-and-nurses-working-in-hematology-and-oncology-care
#16
Mona Pettersson, Mariann Hedström, Anna T Höglund
BACKGROUND: DNR decisions are frequently made in oncology and hematology care and physicians and nurses may face related ethical dilemmas. Ethics is considered a basic competence in health care and can be understood as a capacity to handle a task that involves an ethical dilemma in an adequate, ethically responsible manner. One model of ethical competence for healthcare staff includes three main aspects: being, doing and knowing, suggesting that ethical competence requires abilities of character, action and knowledge...
June 19, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914349/social-skills-in-children-with-rasopathies-a-comparison-of-noonan-syndrome-and-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#17
Elizabeth I Pierpont, Rebekah L Hudock, Allison M Foy, Margaret Semrud-Clikeman, Mary Ella Pierpont, Susan A Berry, Ryan Shanley, Nathan Rubin, Katherine Sommer, Christopher L Moertel
BACKGROUND: Gene mutations within the RAS-MAPK signaling cascade result in Noonan syndrome (NS), neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), and related disorders. Recent research has documented an increased risk for social difficulties and features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among children with these conditions. Despite this emerging evidence, the neuropsychological characteristics associated with social skills deficits are not well understood, particularly for children with NS. METHODS: Parents of children with NS (n = 39), NF1 (n = 39), and unaffected siblings (n = 32) between the ages of 8 and 16 years were administered well-validated caregiver questionnaires assessing their child's social skills, language abilities, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and anxiety...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914185/the-role-of-communities-in-mental-health-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-meta-review-of-components-and-competencies
#18
REVIEW
Brandon A Kohrt, Laura Asher, Anvita Bhardwaj, Mina Fazel, Mark J D Jordans, Byamah B Mutamba, Abhijit Nadkarni, Gloria A Pedersen, Daisy R Singla, Vikram Patel
Community-based mental health services are emphasized in the World Health Organization&rsquo;s Mental Health Action Plan , the World Bank&rsquo;s Disease Control Priorities , and the Action Plan of the World Psychiatric Association. There is increasing evidence for effectiveness of mental health interventions delivered by non-specialists in community platforms in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). However, the role of community components has yet to be summarized. Our objective was to map community interventions in LMIC, identify competencies for community-based providers, and highlight research gaps...
June 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913689/a-hybrid-emotion-focused-exposure-treatment-for-chronic-pain-a-feasibility-study
#19
Steven J Linton, Alan E Fruzzetti
Background and aims Exposure in vivo for patients with fear-related chronic pain has a strong theoretical base as well as empirical support. However, the treatment does not work for every patient and overall the effect size is only moderate, underscoring the need for improved treatments. One possible way forward might be to integrate an emotion regulation approach since emotions are potent during exposure and because distressing emotions may both interfere with exposure procedures and patient motivation to engage in exposure...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913634/pain-psychology-specialist-training-2012-2014
#20
P Soini, A Valjakka, S Tuurinkoski, M Elomaa, T Väänänen, V Hägg
AimsThe training includes learning the practical skills related to the psychological examination, treatment and rehabilitation of pain patients. The completion of the training prepares for work in multiprofessional teams as a specialist in pain psychology. A joint project of the Finnish Association of the Study of Pain and the Psychology Institute since 2008. ParticipantsPsychologists working in public, private or occupational health care, in rehabilitation or psychiatric clinics. The fourth training group of 20 psychologists started in the spring of 2012...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
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