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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668075/a-comparison-of-debate-and-role-play-in-enhancing-critical-thinking-and-communication-skills-of-medical-students-during-problem-based-learning
#1
Rabia Latif, Sadaf Mumtaz, Rafia Mumtaz, Aamir Hussain
Debate and role play for learning critical thinking and communication skills are being increasingly used in various undergraduate medical schools worldwide. We aim to compare students' views about effectiveness of two teaching strategies; debate and role play to exercise critical thinking and communication skills during problem-based learning (PBL). This is a comparative, cross-sectional, and questionnaire-based study. Our subjects were second year undergraduate female medical students enrolled in Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU), College of Medicine from September 2014-2016, divided into 10 small PBL groups (10-13 students/group/year)...
April 18, 2018: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667739/maternal-depressive-symptoms-during-and-after-pregnancy-and-child-developmental-milestones
#2
Soile Tuovinen, Marius Lahti-Pulkkinen, Polina Girchenko, Jari Lipsanen, Jari Lahti, Kati Heinonen, Rebecca M Reynolds, Esa Hämäläinen, Eero Kajantie, Hannele Laivuori, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Pia M Villa, Katri Räikkönen
BACKGROUND: Maternal depressive symptoms during and after pregnancy predict poorer child neurodevelopment. The effects of timing, symptom severity, and additive influences remain unclear. METHODS: A total of 2,231 mothers of the Prediction and Prevention of Pre-eclampsia and Intrauterine Growth Restriction (PREDO) study completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale biweekly up to 14 times during pregnancy and twice up to 12 months after pregnancy...
April 18, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666134/adoption-of-a-novel-surgical-innovation-into-clinical-practice-protocol-for-a-qualitative-systematic-review-examining-surgeon-views
#3
Thomas L Lewis, Hugh N Furness, George W Miller, Nicholas Parsons, Kate Seers, Martin Underwood, Andrew J Metcalfe
INTRODUCTION: Efficient adoption of clinically effective novel surgical innovations has great potential benefits for patients. Factors affecting the adoption of surgical innovation are not well understood and proposed models of adoption do not accurately correlate with historical evidence. This protocol is for a systematic review that aims to identify the qualitative evidence relating to surgeon views regarding the adoption of novel surgical innovation into clinical practice. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic review following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidance will be performed...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665760/nintendo-wii%C3%A2-versus-xbox-kinect%C3%A2-for-assisting-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Melissa L M Alves, Beatriz S Mesquita, Wenderson S Morais, Josevan C Leal, Corina E Satler, Felipe A Dos Santos Mendes
This study investigated changes in motor and cognitive skills, anxiety levels, and quality of life perception among patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD) following training with different commercial gaming devices-Nintendo Wii™ and Xbox Kinect™. We used a quasi-experimental, simple blinded clinical trial, dividing 27 patients with PD into three equal groups of nine members: (a) Nintendo Wii™, (b) Xbox Kinect™, and (c) control group. After pretests, experimental group participants spent 10 sessions playing four games of the selected gaming device, while control group participants received no intervention...
January 1, 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665513/levels-of-depression-in-transgender-people-and-its-predictors-results-of-a-large-matched-control-study-with-transgender-people-accessing-clinical-services
#5
Gemma L Witcomb, Walter Pierre Bouman, Laurence Claes, Nicola Brewin, John R Crawford, Jon Arcelus
BACKGROUND: Depression is a serious disorder which significantly impacts wellbeing and quality of life. Studies exploring mental wellbeing in the transgender population are mostly limited by small, non-homogenous samples and lack of matched controls. This study aimed to address these limitations and explore depression rates in a large sample of transgender people, compared with matched controls from the general population, as well as factors predicting depression in those taking cross-sex hormone treatment (CHT) compared to those not...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665214/an-analysis-of-clinical-transition-stresses-experienced-by-dental-students-a-qualitative-methods-approach
#6
M Botelho, X Gao, S Y Bhuyan
INTRODUCTION: Stress in dental students is well established with potential psychological distress, emotional exhaustion and burnout-related symptoms. Little attention has been given to the problems encountered by dental students during the transition from theoretical or paraclinical training to the clinical environment. The aim of this study was to adopt a qualitative research methods approach to understand the perceived stressors during students' clinical transition and provide insights for curriculum planners to enhance learning...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665190/comparison-of-emergency-medicine-malpractice-cases-involving-residents-to-non-resident-cases
#7
Kiersten L Gurley, Shamai A Grossman, Margaret Janes, C Winnie Yu-Moe, Ellen Song, Carrie D Tibbles, Nathan I Shapiro, Carlo L Rosen
BACKGROUND: Data are lacking on how emergency medicine (EM) malpractice cases with resident involvement differs from cases that do not name a resident. OBJECTIVES: To compare malpractice case characteristics in cases where a resident is involved (resident case) to cases that do not involve a resident (non-resident case) and to determine factors that contribute to malpractice cases utilizing EM as a model for malpractice claims across other medical specialties. METHODS: We used data from the Controlled Risk Insurance Company (CRICO) Strategies' division Comparative Benchmarking System (CBS) to analyze open and closed EM cases asserted from 2009-2013...
April 17, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663891/flipped-learning-can-rheumatology-lead-the-shift-in-medical-education
#8
Yasser El Miedany, Maha El Gaafary, Nadia El Aroussy, Sally Youssef
OBJECTIVE: To: 1. implement flipped classroom rheumatology teaching for undergraduate education. 2. Evaluate outcomes of teaching using OSCE assessment and student perceived effectiveness and satisfaction survey. METHODS: The flipped classroom education was conducted in 3 phases. Phase 1: carried out in the students' own time. Web links were emailed to assist exposure of the instructional part of the lesson online. Phase 2: interactive in-class activity to share personal reflection and reinforce the key aspects...
April 16, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663275/a-multiple-perspective-approach-for-the-assessment-and-learning-of-ultrasound-skills
#9
Martin Grønnebæk Tolsgaard
Ultrasound has become a core skill in many specialties. We evaluated the learning and assessment of ultrasound skills in Obstetrics-Gynaecology in a series of eight studies. In the clinical setting, we found that trainees as well as experienced clinicians struggle with technical aspects of performance such as image optimization. We examined how to improve these aspects of performance in the simulated setting by determining mastery learning levels and exploring learning curves for novices. We then examined how to improve the efficiency of training as well as transfer of learning through the use of dyad practice as compared with single practice...
April 16, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661702/adolescent-cancer-patients-perceived-quality-of-cancer-care-the-roles-of-patient-engagement-and-supporting-independence
#10
Elizabeth J Siembida, Nina S Kadan-Lottick, Kerry Moss, Keith M Bellizzi
OBJECTIVES: A lack of focus on variation in engagement among cancer populations of differing developmental stages led us to examine the associations between patient engagement, the patient-provider relationship, cognitive development, readiness to transition to adulthood (transitional readiness) and perceived quality of care. METHODS: A sample of 101 adolescent cancer patients (diagnosed 10-20 years) completed survey items concerning patient engagement, dimensions of the patient-provider relationship, cognitive development, transitional readiness, and demographic characteristics using an iPad/tablet during a routine clinic visit...
April 10, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661642/an-abstinence-and-safer-sex-intervention-for-adolescents-attending-the-public-sexually-transmitted-infection-clinic-in-singapore
#11
Junice Yi Siu Ng, Roy Kum Wah Chan, Martin Tze-Wei Chio, Raymond Boon Tar Lim, David Koh, Mee Lian Wong
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a behavioral intervention in increasing secondary abstinence and safer sex among heterosexually active adolescents aged 16-19 years. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial conducted at the only national sexually transmitted infection clinic in Singapore. The intervention focused on information giving, motivation, and skills building to abstain or practice safer sex. The outcome measures were self-reported secondary abstinence, consistent condom use, and keeping to one partner in the past 6 months over a 12-month period...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661524/expressed-emotion-as-a-predictor-of-the-first-psychotic-episode-results-of-the-european-prediction-of-psychosis-study
#12
Theresa Haidl, Marlene Rosen, Frauke Schultze-Lutter, Dorien Nieman, Susanne Eggers, Markus Heinimaa, Georg Juckel, Andreas Heinz, Anthony Morrison, Don Linszen, Raimo Salokangas, Joachim Klosterkötter, Max Birchwood, Paul Patterson, Stephan Ruhrmann
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of expressed emotion (EE) on the risk of developing the first psychotic episode (FEP). METHOD: The European Prediction of Psychosis Study (EPOS) investigated 245 patients who were at clinical high risk (CHR) of psychosis. The predictive value of EE alone and as a part of the multivariate EPOS model was evaluated. RESULTS: "Perceived irritability", a domain of the Level of Expressed Emotion Scale (LEE), was found to be predictive for the First Psychotic Episode (FEP), even as an individual variable...
April 13, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661064/experience-and-confidence-of-final-year-veterinary-students-in-performing-desexing-surgeries
#13
M C Gates, T F Odom, R K Sawicki
AIMS: To describe the level of experience and confidence of veterinary students in performing canine and feline desexing procedures at the end of their final clinical year. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with veterinary students at Massey University in November 2017 after completion of their final clinical year. The questions included career plans after graduation, number of assisted and unassisted desexing procedures performed, approximate time to complete desexing surgeries, level of confidence with different aspects of desexing surgeries, what aspects of their desexing surgery training were most helpful, and what could be done to improve training in desexing surgical skills in veterinary school...
April 16, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660297/structured-integration-of-family-planning-curriculum-comparative-assessment-of-knowledge-and-skills-among-new-medical-graduates-in-ethiopia
#14
Berhanu G Gebremeskel, Alula M Teklu, Lia T Gebremedhin, Solomon W Beza, Tegbar Yigzaw, Munir K Eshetu, Mengistu H Damtew, Yolanda R Smith
OBJECTIVE: To assess if structured integration of a comprehensive family planning (FP) training into a medical school curriculum improves FP knowledge and skill scores of medical interns. STUDY DESIGN: We compared mean contraception knowledge scores of interns in a medical school with the integrated FP curriculum [intervention school] (n=56) to interns at four conventional medical curriculum schools without structured reinforcement of FP content [control schools] (n=161) in Ethiopia...
April 13, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660077/immediate-effects-of-a-single-session-of-motor-skill-training-on-the-lumbar-movement-pattern-during-a-functional-activity-in-people-with-low-back-pain-a-repeated-measures-study
#15
Andrej V Marich, Vanessa M Lanier, Gretchen B Salsich, Catherine E Lang, Linda R Van Dillen
Background: People with low back pain (LBP) may display an altered lumbar movement pattern of early lumbar motion compared to people with healthy backs. Modifying this movement pattern during a clinical test decreases pain. It is unknown whether similar effects would be seen during a functional activity. Objective: The objective of this study is was to examine the lumbar movement patterns before and after motor skill training, effects on pain, and characteristics that influenced the ability to modify movement patterns...
April 6, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659470/meta-analysis-of-perioperative-outcomes-of-acute-laparoscopic-vs-open-repair-of-perforated-gastroduodenal-ulcers
#16
Roberto Cirocchi, Kjetil Soreide, Salomone Di Saverio, Elena Rossi, Alberto Arezzo, Mauro Zago, Iosief Abraha, Nereo Vettoretto, Massimo Chiarugi
BACKGROUND: Surgery is the treatment of choice for perforated peptic ulcer disease (PUD). The aim of the present review is to compare the perioperative outcomes of acute laparoscopic versus open repair for PUD. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in PubMed, SCOPUS and Web of Science RESULTS: The search included eight RCTs: 615 patients comparing laparoscopic (307 patients) versus open peptic perforated ulcer repair (308 patients)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658978/innovation-and-entrepreneurship-perspectives-from-orthopedic-surgery
#17
Kevin J Campbell, Philip K Louie, Derek A Khorsand, Nicholas B Frisch, Tad L Gerlinger, Brett R Levine
Orthopedic surgeons are tasked with treating complex patients while employing critical surgical skills, clinical knowledge, and new technologies. The constant inundation of information, coupled with hours in the hospital setting, provides unique perspectives on various aspects of how health care is delivered, thereby creating a milieu ripe for innovation. The rigors of an orthopedic career make it challenging for physicians to translate an idea into a great product. Through the authors' experiences at a tertiary orthopedic practice, they review the process of taking an idea from concept to fruition...
April 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658802/a-qualitative-analysis-of-narrative-preclerkship-assessment-data-to-evaluate-teamwork-skills
#18
Brigid M Dolan, Celia Laird O'Brien, Kenzie A Cameron, Marianne M Green
Construct: Students entering the health professions require competency in teamwork. BACKGROUND: Although many teamwork curricula and assessments exist, studies have not demonstrated robust longitudinal assessment of preclerkship students' teamwork skills and attitudes. Assessment portfolios may serve to fill this gap, but it is unknown how narrative comments within portfolios describe student teamwork behaviors. APPROACH: We performed a qualitative analysis of narrative data in 15 assessment portfolios...
April 16, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658798/mock-echo-a-simulation-based-medical-education-method
#19
Rebecca C Fowler, Joanna G Katzman, George D Comerci, Brian M Shelley, Daniel Duhigg, Cynthia Olivas, Thomas Arnold, Summers Kalishman, Rebecca Monnette, Sanjeev Arora
PROBLEM: This study was designed to develop a deeper understanding of the learning and social processes that take place during the simulation-based medical education for practicing providers as part of the Project ECHO® model, known as Mock ECHO training. The ECHO model is utilized to expand access to care of common and complex diseases by supporting the education of primary care providers with an interprofessional team of specialists via videoconferencing networks. INTERVENTION: Mock ECHO trainings are conducted through a train the trainer model targeted at leaders replicating the ECHO model at their organizations...
April 16, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656997/veterinary-parasitology-teaching-at-london-meeting-the-day-one-competency-needs-of-new-veterinarians
#20
Mark Fox, Damer Blake, Dennis Jacobs
Over the past four decades, there has been an exponential increase in veterinary parasitology knowledge, coinciding with the advent of molecular biology in research. Therefore, it is unrealistic for teachers to expect students to graduate with an encyclopaedic knowledge of the subject. As a result, a new curriculum was introduced at The Royal Veterinary College (University of London) in 2007, designed to meet the needs of our new graduates, i.e. RCVS Day-One Competences. The aims of this curriculum are, inter alia, to ensure that new graduates have an up-to-date body of core knowledge and are able to apply such knowledge and newly-acquired information to scientific and clinical problem-solving...
April 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
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