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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235986/managing-diabetes-in-people-with-dementia-a-realist-review
#1
Frances Bunn, Claire Goodman, Peter Reece Jones, Bridget Russell, Daksha Trivedi, Alan Sinclair, Antony Bayer, Greta Rait, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Chris Burton
BACKGROUND: Dementia and diabetes mellitus are common long-term conditions that coexist in a large number of older people. People living with dementia and diabetes may be at increased risk of complications such as hypoglycaemic episodes because they are less able to manage their diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To identify the key features or mechanisms of programmes that aim to improve the management of diabetes in people with dementia and to identify areas needing further research...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235405/mapping-the-balint-groups-to-the-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-family-medicine-competencies
#2
Albert Lichtenstein, Jumana Antoun, Chris Rule, Katherine Knowlton, Jeffrey Sternlieb
Introduction Balint group discussions provide learning opportunities for many of the competencies and milestones put forward by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. The current literature is mixed concerning the effect of Balint groups on communication skills and professionalism. Aim To map the content of the Balint discussion to the competencies and milestones put forward by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. METHODOLOGY: A group who were both experts in Balint and members of the clinical competency committee of residency programs rated narratives that summarized Balint group discussions...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235172/scaling-up-child-development-centres-in-bangladesh
#3
N Z Khan, R Sultana, F Ahmed, A B Shilpi, N Sultana, G L Darmstadt
BACKGROUND: Child Development Centres (CDCs) have been established within government medical college tertiary hospitals across Bangladesh. Services entail a parent-professional partnership in a child and family friendly environment with a focus on assessment, diagnosis, and management of a range of neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents 0-16 years of age. Services are provided by a multidisciplinary team of professionals (child health physician, child psychologist, and developmental therapist) who emphasize quality of services over the numbers of children seen...
January 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234989/clinical-cardiovascular-genetic-counselors-take-a-leading-role-in-team-based-variant-classification
#4
Chloe Reuter, Megan E Grove, Kate Orland, Katherine Spoonamore, Colleen Caleshu
We sought to delineate the genetic test review and interpretation practices of clinical cardiovascular genetic counselors. A one-time anonymous online survey was taken by 46 clinical cardiovascular genetic counselors recruited through the National Society of Genetic Counselors Cardiovascular Special Interest Group. Nearly all (95.7%) gather additional information on variants reported on clinical genetic test reports and most (81.4%) assess the classification of such variants. Clinical cardiovascular genetic counselors typically (81...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234739/effects-of-cross-rearing-with-social-peers-on-myelination-in-the-medial-prefrontal-cortex-of-a-mouse-model-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Manabu Makinodan, Kazuki Okumura, Daisuke Ikawa, Yasunori Yamashita, Kazuhiko Yamamuro, Michihiro Toritsuka, Sohei Kimoto, Takahira Yamauchi, Takashi Komori, Yoshinori Kayashima, Hiroki Yoshino, Akio Wanaka, Toshifumi Kishimoto
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired social interaction, poor communication skills, and repetitive/restrictive behaviors. Recent studies have indicated that early rehabilitative intervention can alleviate the symptoms of individuals with ASD. However, it remains unknown whether rehabilitative intervention can restore brain structures such as myelin, which generally shows abnormalities in individuals with ASD. Therefore, in the present study, we used a mouse model of ASD (BTBR mice) that demonstrated asocial behaviors and hypomyelination in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) to investigate whether interaction with social peers (C57BL/6J mice) has an effect on myelination...
November 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233801/getting-to-the-root-of-fine-motor-skill-performance-in-dentistry-brain-activity-during-dental-tasks-in-a-virtual-reality-haptic-simulation
#6
Suzanne Perry, Susan M Bridges, Frank Zhu, W Keung Leung, Michael F Burrow, Jamie Poolton, Rich Sw Masters
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence considering the relationship between movement-specific reinvestment (a dimension of personality which refers to the propensity for individuals to consciously monitor and control their movements) and working memory during motor skill performance. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) measuring oxyhemoglobin demands in the frontal cortex during performance of virtual reality (VR) psychomotor tasks can be used to examine this research gap. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the potential relationship between the propensity to reinvest and blood flow to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortices of the brain...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233583/diagnostic-approach-to-the-acute-abdomen
#7
REVIEW
Gilles Fecteau, André Desrochers, David Francoz, Sylvain Nichols
The acute abdomen is a term used to characterize an animal presented as an emergency, in a more or less severe critical state, and for which medical and possibly surgical treatment will be necessary. To succeed, the clinician should use a systematic approach, have an excellent knowledge of the bovine abdominal anatomy, and have a good understanding of the pathophysiology of abdominal pain. Good clinical judgment, critical analysis, and good client communication skills are also essential. This article presents and discusses those necessary skills in the context of field practice...
December 9, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233446/overview-of-a-pharmacist-anticoagulation-certificate-program
#8
Julienne K Kirk, Rebecca Edwards, Andrew Brewer, Cathey Miller, Bryan Bray, James B Groce
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To describe the design of an ongoing anticoagulation certificate program and annual renewal update for pharmacists. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Components of the anticoagulation certificate program include home study, pre- and posttest, live sessions, case discussions with evaluation and presentation, an implementation plan, and survey information (program evaluation and use in practice). Clinical reasoning skills were assessed through case work-up and evaluation prior to live presentation...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233428/training-student-pharmacists-to-administer-emergency-pediatric-influenza-vaccine-a-comparison-of-traditional-vs-just-in-time-training
#9
Colleen M Terriff, Kimberly McKeirnan
INTRODUCTION: This study compared traditional training (TT) and just-in-time training (JITT) of P3 student pharmacists regarding interest, confidence, and comfort pre- and post-training (primary objective); and assessment and administration competency (secondary objective) during a simulated influenza vaccination clinic. METHODS: Student pharmacists were randomized 1:1 to receive either TT or JITT, completed pre- and post-training surveys assessing interest, confidence and comfort; and evaluated on performance during a simulated emergency infant vaccination...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233415/development-and-evaluation-of-an-intermediate-level-elective-course-on-medical-spanish-for-pharmacy-students
#10
Robert Mueller
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Spanish-speaking population in the United States is increasing rapidly, and there is a need for additional educational efforts, beyond teaching basic medical Spanish terminology, to increase the number of Spanish-speaking pharmacists able to provide culturally appropriate care to this patient population. This article describes the development and evaluation of an intermediate-level elective course where students integrated pharmacy practice skills with Spanish-language skills and cultural competency...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233414/teaching-drug-utilization-review-skills-via-a-simulated-clinical-decision-making-exercise
#11
Cortney M Mospan, Katelyn M Alexander
BACKGROUND: Drug utilization review (DUR) is a central role of the pharmacist, especially within the community pharmacy setting. Previous literature has shown risk of "alert fatigue", supporting the necessity of pharmacists to utilize a step-wise approach in evaluation of drug therapy during the verification process. Many students are intimidated by this process, and may lack verification practice or experience until their first day as a licensed pharmacist. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: An innovative skills-based laboratory exercise was developed for third-year pharmacy students to develop DUR skills...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233407/the-importance-of-clinical-research-skills-according-to-pharmd-students-first-year-residents-and-residency-directors
#12
Heather D Anderson, Joseph J Saseen
PURPOSE: Research has a prominent role within the field of pharmacy practice. However, no studies have assessed the importance of research methods in pharmacy education from the perspective of students, residents, or residency directors. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered online in spring 2014 to four respondent groups: University of Colorado fourth year PharmD (P4) students, post graduate year 1 (PGY1) residents, and PGY1 and post-graduate year 2 (PGY2) residency directors...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233382/-it-s-like-rotations-but-in-the-classroom-creation-of-an-innovative-course-to-prepare-students-for-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experiences
#13
Yolanda M Hardy, Janene L Marshall
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to discuss the course development and results of a survey assessing students' perceived confidence in performing various skills after completion of this course. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: The course was taught using a model in which all activities performed by students took place in a fictitious health system. The course was created to give students the opportunity to learn in an environment that closely mimicked advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs) while in the didactic setting...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233379/implementation-of-a-skills-practical-to-first-year-pharmacy-students
#14
Ashlee McMillan, Ashleigh Barrickman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) are being implemented in pharmacy schools across the country. As part of a new curriculum, a practical with an OSCE component was implemented for the first time at the West Virginia University School of Pharmacy. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: A practical with an OSCE component was developed for first-year professional pharmacy students in a foundational pharmacy skills course. The OSCE component assessed insulin and inhaler counseling and blood pressure skills...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233377/application-of-a-systematic-approach-to-evaluating-psychometric-properties-of-a-cumulative-exit-from-degree-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce
#15
Ahmed Hesham Sobh, Zubin Austin, Mohamed Izham M I, Mohammad I Diab, Kyle John Wilby
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) are considered gold standard performance-based assessments yet comprehensive evaluation data is currently lacking. The objective of this study was to critically evaluate the psychometric properties of a cumulative OSCE for graduating pharmacy students in Qatar for which policies and procedures were adapted from a Canadian context. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: A 10-station OSCE was conducted for graduating students in Qatar...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233371/experience-with-the-script-concordance-test-to-develop-clinical-reasoning-skills-in-pharmacy-students
#16
Kylee A Funk, Claire Kolar, Sarah K Schweiss, Jeffrey M Tingen, Kristin K Janke
BACKGROUND: The script concordance test (SCT) is used to assess clinical reasoning and was originally developed for medical learners. The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) endorses the need for pharmacy students to develop clinical reasoning skills, but there is little documentation of use of the SCT for pharmacy learners. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY: A script concordance test activity was designed for a diabetes and metabolic syndrome pharmacotherapy course...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233327/appraising-the-role-of-the-virtual-patient-for-therapeutics-health-education
#17
REVIEW
Lyndsee Baumann-Birkbeck, Fiona Florentina, Onur Karatas, Jianbe Sun, Tingna Tang, Victor Thaung, Amelia McFarland, Nijole Bernaitis, Sohil A Khan, Gary Grant, Shailendra Anoopkumar-Dukie
BACKGROUND: Face-to-face instruction, paper-based case-studies and clinical placements remain the most commonly used teaching methods for therapeutics curricula. Presenting clinical content in a didactic manner presents challenges in engaging learners and developing their clinical reasoning skills which may be overcome by inclusion of the virtual patient (VP). Currently there is limited literature examining the use of the VP in therapeutics teaching and learning. This review aimed to determine the role of VPs in therapeutics education, specifically the impact on student experiences, performance, and clinical skills...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233324/development-and-evaluation-of-a-continuing-pharmacy-education-cpe-program-in-thrombosis-management
#18
Artemis Diamantouros, Romina Marchesano, William H Geerts, Peter Pennefather, Merrick Zwarenstein, Zubin Austin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A continuing education (CE) course in thrombosis management for pharmacists was developed through the Office of Continuing Professional Development (CPD) at the University of Toronto to address pharmacists' needs for the knowledge and skills to provide care to patients receiving anticoagulants. This article describes the development of the course as well as the evaluation designed to assess its impact on pharmacists' knowledge, attitudes, and changes in practice...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233314/a-structured-mentoring-program-to-develop-junior-faculty-into-successful-co-coordinators-of-a-large-multi-instructor-pathophysiology-course
#19
Erin K Hennessey, Andrew J Crannage, Erica F Crannage, Theresa R Prosser
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To develop and implement a system for junior clinical faculty to become successful course coordinators with the use of a mentoring program and ensure that student performance and satisfaction are maintained at a high level. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: For five years, first-time faculty discussion group leaders in a required large (>225 students) multi-instructor pathophysiology course opted into a structured mentoring program for course coordination in the subsequent year...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233310/incorporating-age-related-special-populations-into-a-pharmacy-skills-laboratory-course-sequence
#20
Amber M Hutchison, Lea S Eiland
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose was this study was to evaluate the incorporation of geriatric and pediatric therapeutic concepts into a pharmacy skills laboratory (PSL) course sequence. Secondary outcomes were to describe the incorporation and evaluate the assessment effectiveness of these topics. Educational activity and setting Teaching materials and assessment data from the PSL course were evaluated for inclusion of content regarding age-related special populations. FINDINGS: Materials reviewed from 205 PSL sessions held over four years demonstrated 89 (41...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
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