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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335091/assessment-of-genetic-diversity-and-phylogenetic-relationships-of-korean-native-chicken-breeds-using-microsatellite-markers
#1
Joo Hee Seo, Jun-Heon Lee, Hong Sik Kong
In this study, the genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships of 445 Korean native chickens from five different breeds(Korean Native Chicken (NC), Leghorn (LH), Cornish (CS), Rhode Island Red (RIR), and Hanhyup(HH) commercial line) were studied by performing genotyping using 20 microsatellite (MS) markers. Among the 20 MS markers selected for the genotyping, the number of alleles ranged from 5 (ADL0268) to 20 (MCW0127). The observed heterozygosity (Hobs) ranged from 0.349 (GCT0016) to 0.683 (MCW0145)...
March 21, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322935/early-pathogenesis-during-infectious-bursal-disease-in-susceptible-chickens-is-associated-with-changes-in-b-cell-genomic-methylation-and-loss-of-genome-integrity
#2
Nick A Ciccone, Lorraine P Smith, William Mwangi, Amy Boyd, Andrew J Broadbent, Adrian L Smith, Venugopal Nair
We propose a model by which an increase in the genomic modification, 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), contributes to B cell death within the chicken bursa of Fabricus (BF) infected with infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV). Our findings indicate that, following an IBDV infection, Rhode Island Red (RIR) chickens have fewer surviving B cells and higher levels of 5hmC in the BF than the more resistant 15l line of birds. Elevated genomic 5hmC levels within the RIR BF are associated with markers of immune responses: infiltrating T cells and increased expression of CD40L, FasL and iNOS...
March 17, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301562/diversity-and-community-structure-of-cyanobacteria-and-other-microbes-in-recycling-irrigation-reservoirs
#3
Ping Kong, Patricia Richardson, Chuanxue Hong
Recycling irrigation reservoirs (RIRs) are emerging aquatic environments of global significance to crop production, water conservation and environmental sustainability. This study characterized the diversity and population structure of cyanobacteria and other detected microbes in water samples from eight RIRs and one adjacent runoff-free stream at three ornamental crop nurseries in eastern (VA1 and VA3) and central (VA2) Virginia after cloning and sequencing the 16S rRNA gene targeting cyanobacteria and chloroplast of eukaryotic phytoplankton...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301439/efficacy-of-the-repetitions-in-reserve-based-rating-of-perceived-exertion-for-the-bench-press-in-experienced-and-novice-benchers
#4
Michael J Ormsbee, Joseph P Carzoli, Alex Klemp, Brittany R Allman, Michael C Zourdos, Jeong-Su Kim, Lynn B Panton
Autoregulation (AR) is the practice of adjusting training variables in response to athlete feedback. One component of AR postulated to enhance resistance training adaptations involves implementing a resistance training-specific rating of perceived exertion (RPE) scale measuring repetitions in reserve (RIR). The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of this method using the bench press exercise. METHODS: Twenty-seven college-aged men were assigned to one of two groups based upon training age: experience benchers (EB) (n=14, training age: 4...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299761/comparison-of-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-and-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-in-treating-20-40-mm-renal-stones
#5
Gokhan Atis, Meftun Culpan, Eyup Sabri Pelit, Cengiz Canakci, Ismail Ulus, Bilal Gunaydin, Asif Yildirim, Turhan Caskurlu
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in treating renal stones between 20 and 40 mm in diameter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 146 patients, who were treated with RIRS and 146 patients, who were treated with PCNL for renal stones between 20 and 40 mm in diameter were compared retrospectively using a matched-pair analysis. The operative and post-operative outcomes of both groups were analyzed retrospectively...
March 16, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299318/application-of-pneumatic-lithotripter-and-holmium-laser-in-the-treatment-of-ureteral-stones-and-kidney-stones-in-children
#6
Marcin Życzkowski, Rafał Bogacki, Krzysztof Nowakowski, Bartosz Muskała, Paweł Rajwa, Piotr Bryniarski, Andrzej Paradysz
Objective. Treatment options for urolithiasis in children include URSL and RIRS. Various types of energy are used in the disintegration of deposits in these procedures. We decided to evaluate the usefulness of URSL and RIRS techniques and compare the effectiveness of pneumatic lithotripters and holmium lasers in the child population based on our experience. Materials and Methods. One hundred eight (108) children who underwent URSL and RIRS procedures were enrolled in the study and divided into two (2) groups according to the type of energy used: pneumatic lithotripter versus holmium laser...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275516/tubeless-mini-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-versus-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-for-lower-calyceal-stones-of-%C3%A2-2%C3%A2-cm-a-prospective-randomised-controlled-study
#7
Amr S Fayad, Mohamed G Elsheikh, Waleed Ghoneima
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety, efficacy, and stone-free rate (SFR) of mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mini-PCNL) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for the management of lower calyceal stones of ⩽2 cm, and to determine the advantages and disadvantages of each. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 120 patients with lower calyceal stones of ⩽2 cm were randomly divided into two equal groups: Group A were managed by mini-PCNL and Group B by RIRS using flexible ureteroscopy and laser...
March 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262541/retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-in-the-management-of-pediatric-cystine-stones
#8
E Yuruk, M Tuken, S Gonultas, A Colakerol, O O Cakir, M Binbay, K Sarica, A Y Muslumanoglu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in the treatment of pediatric cystine stones. STUDY DESIGN: Data of the pediatric patients who underwent RIRS for kidney stones were retrospectively evaluated. A total of 14 children with cystine stones managed with RIRS were identified. In addition to the patient demographics and stone characteristics, all retrospectively obtained operative data were evaluated and discussed in detail, with an emphasis on the success and complication rates...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253070/comparison-of-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-and-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-methods-in-treatment-of-upper-calyceal-stones-of-10-20%C3%A2-mm
#9
Volkan Selmi, Ismail Nalbant, Ufuk Ozturk, Can Tuygun, Hasan Nedim Goksel Goktug, Muhammed Abdurrahim Imamoglu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the success and complication rates and advantages and disadvantages of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) methods for the upper calyceal renal stones between 10 and 20 mm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The files of 124 patients who had upper calyceal renal stones in diameter 10-20 mm were analyzed retrospectively. Sixty-one patients were randomized as Group 1 and 63 as Group 2. The parameters as success and complication rates, fluoroscopy and operation times, preoperative and postoperative hemogram (Hb) levels, and need of blood transfusion were saved and then groups compared...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236022/complications-of-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-classified-by-the-modified-clavien-grading-system
#10
Yong Xu, Zhiqian Min, Shaw P Wan, Haibo Nie, Guangjun Duan
The increase in the retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) has been accompanied by the increase in complications. This study identified the factors that affected the severity of the complications using the modified Clavien classification system (MCCS). Three hundred and twenty-two consecutive RIRS performed by a single surgeon were analyzed. Data collection included demographics, clinical parameters, and perioperative and postoperative complications. The rate of adverse events for each of the Clavien grades was calculated, and statistical comparisons were made...
February 24, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231704/genetic-correlations-between-behavioural-responses-and-performance-traits-in-laying-hens
#11
Iwona Rozempolska-Rucińska, Grzegorz Zięba, Lucyna Kibała, Tomasz Paweł Próchniak, Marek Łukaszewicz
The aim of the study was to evaluate genetic correlations between the behavioural profile and performance in laying hens as an indirect answer to the question whether the observed behavioural responses are associated with increased levels of stress in these birds. The assessment of birds' temperament was carried out using the Novel Objects Test. The behavioural test was conducted in two successive generations comprising 9483 Rhode Island White birds (approx. 4700 individuals per generation) and 4326 Rhode Island Red birds (approx...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231696/performance-differences-of-rhode-island-red-bashang-long-tail-chicken-and-their-reciprocal-crossbreds-under-natural-cold-stress
#12
Shanshan Xie, Xukai Yang, Yahui Gao, Wenjie Jiao, Xinghua Li, Yajie Li, Zhonghua Ning
Objective: The Bashang Long-tail chicken (BS), an indigenous Chinese breed, is considered cold tolerant. We selected BS, the Rhode Island Red (RIR), and their reciprocal crossbreds for the present study. The objectives were: 1) to validate whether BS is cold tolerant and whether egg production and cold tolerance of crossbreds could be improved; and 2) to determine the physiological characteristics that underlie cold tolerance and favorable egg production performance in cold environments...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221155/super-mini-pcnl-smp-material-indications-technique-advantages-and-results
#13
Zhijian Zhao, Aierken Tuerxu, Yongda Liu, Wenqi Wu, Abulizi Simayi, Wen Zhong, Wenzhong Chen, Abudukahaer Batuer, Guohua Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To introduce an emerging technique termed 'super-mini- percutaneous nephrolithotomy' (SMP) and describe its application in practice. METHODS: We described the technique of SMP in the treatment of renal stones with emphasis on the material, indications, technique procedure, advantages, and results. RESULTS: SMP refers to a 7 Ch. nephroscope placed through a 10-14 Ch. metal access sheath with functions of both irrigation and suction-evacuation, to achieve stone fragmentation via laser or pneumatic lithotripsy...
January 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221150/-current-results-of-rirs-and-comparison-with-pcnl
#14
José Luis Palmero Martí, Amparo Ganau Ituren, Lorena Valls González
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this article is to show the current situation regarding two surgical techniques for the treatment of renal lithiasis, RIRS (Retrograde intrarenal surgery) and PCNL (Percutaneous nephrolithotomy), specially concerning the larger size stones. We perform a literature review on the topic and add the experience with both techniques at our center. Besides, we also analyze the role of RIRS in comparison with the percutaneous techniques in smaller size lithiasis. METHODS: We review the results obtained in the literature and our experience...
January 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221149/technique-minimal-requirements-and-fragmentation-strategies-in-rirs
#15
Juan Ramón Cansino Alcaide, Alejandra Portilla Eastmond
Flexible ureteroscopy is a highly resolving surgery which is able to solve most renal lithiasis of any Urology Department, with very low economic impact. It is a technique that has helped to continue treatment when SWL couldn't, and also has reduced the number of percutaneous renal surgeries that we currently perform. In this paper, we try review three important features of the operation: Technique, minimal requirements that we need to perform this surgery in a Urology Department, and the different possibilities to treat the lithiasis with holmium laser...
January 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185001/arbuscular-mycorrhizas-influence-lycium-barbarum-tolerance-of-water-stress-in-a-hot-environment
#16
Wentao Hu, Haoqiang Zhang, Hui Chen, Ming Tang
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi can assist their hosts to cope with water stress and other abiotic stresses in different ways. In order to test whether AM plants have a greater capacity than control plants to cope with water stress, we investigated the water status and photosynthetic capacity of Lycium barbarum colonized or not by the AM fungus Rhizophagus irregularis under three water conditions during a hot summer. Sugar levels and transcriptional responses of both plant and AM fungus aquaporin genes in roots were analyzed...
February 9, 2017: Mycorrhiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140561/highly-efficient-supramolecular-aggregation-induced-emission-active-pseudorotaxane-luminogen-for-functional-bioimaging
#17
Sing Shy Liow, Hui Zhou, Sigit Sugiarto, Shifeng Guo, Madhavi Latha S Chalasani, Navin Kumar Verma, Jianwei Xu, Xian Jun Loh
The direct tracking of cells using fluorescent dyes is a constant challenge in cell therapy due to aggregation-induced quenching (ACQ) effect and biocompatibility issues. Here, we demonstrate the development of a biocompatible and highly efficient aggregation-induced emission (AIE)-active pseudorotaxane luminogen based on tetraphenylethene conjugated poly(ethylene glycol) (TPE-PEG2) (guest) and α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) (host). It is capable of showing significant fluorescent emission enhancement at the 400-600 nm range when excited at 388 nm, without increasing the concentration of AIE compound...
March 13, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116738/a-comparison-of-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-and-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-for-management-of-renal-stones-2-cm
#18
Sercan Sari, Hakki Ugur Ozok, Mehmet Caglar Cakici, Harun Ozdemir, Okan Bas, Nihat Karakoyunlu, Levent Sagnak, Aykut Bugra Senturk, Hamit Ersoy
PURPOSE: In this retrospective study, we aimed to compare the outcomes in patients who have been treated withpercutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) on renal stones ≥ 2 cm size. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated patients who underwent PNL or RIRS for renal stones ≥ 2 cm size betweenNovember 2011 and November 2014. Stone size, operation, fluoroscopy and hospitalization time, success rates,stone-free rates and complication rates were compared in both groups...
January 18, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100225/percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-versus-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-kidney-stones-up-to-2-cm-in-patients-with-solitary-kidney-a-single-centre-experience
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yunjin Bai, Xiaoming Wang, Yubo Yang, Ping Han, Jia Wang
BACKGROUND: To compare the treatment outcomes between percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for the management of stones larger than 2 cm in patients with solitary kidney. METHODS: One hundred sixteen patients with a solitary kidney who underwent RIRS (n = 56) or PCNL (n = 60) for large renal stones (>2 cm) between Jan 2010 and Nov 2015 have been considered. The patients' characteristics, stone characteristics, operative time, incidence of complications, hospital stay, and stone-free rates (SFR) have been evaluated...
January 18, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097265/the-efficacy-of-performing-shockwave-lithotripsy-before-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-multiple-or-large-%C3%A2-1-5-cm-nephrolithiasis-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#20
Myungsun Shim, Myungchan Park, Hyung Keun Park
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of performing shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) before retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) on the treatment outcomes of patients with nephrolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of 189 patients with renal stones who underwent RIRS from July 2007 to July 2014 was reviewed retrospectively. Patients with stones larger than 1.5 cm were recommended to undergo SWL before RIRS. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on whether the preoperative SWL was performed (group 1, n=68) or not (group 2, n=121)...
January 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
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