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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968403/comparison-of-rubella-immunization-rates-in-immigrant-and-italian-women-of-childbearing-age-results-from-the-italian-behavioral-surveillance-system-passi-2011-2015
#1
Massimo Fabiani, Gianluigi Ferrante, Valentina Minardi, Cristina Giambi, Flavia Riccardo, Silvia Declich, Maria Masocco
BACKGROUND: International migration rapidly increased in the last decade, raising a renewed attention to its impact on public health. We evaluated differences in rubella immunization rate (RIR) between immigrant and Italian women of childbearing age and tried to identify the driving factors causing them. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Italian behavioral surveillance system PASSI collected in 2011-2015 in a nationally representative sample of residents in Italy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950716/different-tract-sizes-of-miniaturized-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-versus-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Xiao-Shuai Gao, Bang-Hua Liao, Yun-Tian Chen, Shi-Jian Feng, Rang Gao, De-Yi Luo, Jia-Ming Liu, Kun-Jie Wang
PURPOSE: Miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) including mini-PCNL, ultra-mini-PCNL and micro-PCNL have been developed recently. The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the safety and efficacy of different tract sizes of MPCNL with retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in the management of kidney stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase and Web of Science to identify case control trials (CCTs) and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which evaluated MPCNL versus RIRS before February 2017...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941885/d-a-type-sensor-array-for-differentiation-and-identification-of-white-wine-varieties-based-on-specific-solvent-effect-activated-by-ct-le-transition
#3
Jingqi Han, Xin Zhang, Hao Li, Yue Hou, Jingdan Hou, Zhongfeng Li, Feng Yang, Yang Liu, Tianyu Han
In this work, we synthesize a series of compounds with electron donor (D) and acceptor (A) units. They show general solvent effect in aprotic solvents, suggesting a charge transfer (CT) process. While in protic solvents including water, ethanol and methanol, the spectra exert no polarity-dependence but a remarkable hypochromatic shift together with the fading of CT band. Dynamic analysis implies that intermolecular hydrogen bond will be formed between carboxylic acid and protic solvent, boosting another deactivation pathway that jumps off a bigger energy gap, in other words, favoring the locally excited (LE) state emission...
September 20, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930914/the-protective-effect-of-a-short-peptide-derived-from-cold-inducible-rna-binding-protein-in-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#4
Joseph McGinn, Fangming Zhang, Monowar Aziz, Weng-Lang Yang, Jeffrey Nicastro, Gene F Coppa, Ping Wang
Extracellular cold-inducible RNA-binding protein (CIRP) functions as damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) and has been demonstrated to be responsible in part for the damage occurring after renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). A short peptide derived from CIRP, named C23, binds to myeloid differentiation factor 2 (MD2), a Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) co-receptor. We hypothesize that C23 reduces renal ischemia-reperfusion (RIR) injury by blocking CIRP. We observed that pre-treatment with C23 significantly decreased the levels of recombinant mouse CIRP-induced TNF-α in a dose-dependent fashion in cultured macrophages...
September 19, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921399/artesunate-inhibits-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-stimulated-lung-inflammation-in-rats-by-activating-ho-1-pathway
#5
Zhaohui Liu, Junjie Zhang, Shitong Li, Jihong Jiang
Artesunate (AS), a semi-synthetic derivative of Artemisia, has been shown to exert a wide range of pharmacological effects, such as anti-inflammatory and antioxidant functions. However, the protective functions of AS on renal ischemia reperfusion injury (RIR)-stimulated lung inflammation remain unclear. In this research, acute lung injury (ALI) was stimulated by renal ischemia reperfusion injury (RIR). AS (15 mg/kg) was intraperitoneal administrated to rat 1 h before RIR stimulation. Serum and pulmonary NO, MDA, IL-6, MIP-2, and PGE2 levels, arterial blood gas and biochemistry, lung wet/dry weight ratio and MPO activity, total cell number and protein concentration in BALF, tissue histology, and NF-κB expression were determined...
September 18, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891311/does-previous-open-renal-stone-surgery-affect-the-outcome-of-extracorporeal-shockwave-lithotripsy-treatment-in-adults-with-renal-stones
#6
Mehmet Hamza Gültekin, Fethi Ahmet Türegün, Burak Ozkan, Beril Tülü, Gamze Gül Güleç, Nejat Tansu, Çetin Demirdağ, Pınar Kendigelen, Ahmet Erözenci, Bülent Önal
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of previous ipsilateral open renal stone surgery (ORSS) on outcomes of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) in adults with renal stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2097 renal units with renal stones underwent SWL treatment at our institution between March 1997 and February 2013. One thousand eight hundred thirty-nine (87.7%) of these had no history of ORSS and were categorized as group 1, and 258 (12.3%) patients having history of ipsilateral ORSS were categorized as group 2...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875295/a-prospective-randomized-comparison-among-swl-pcnl-and-rirs-for-lower-calyceal-stones-less-than-2%C3%A2-cm-a-multicenter-experience-a-better-understanding-on-the-treatment-options-for-lower-pole-stones
#7
G Bozzini, P Verze, D Arcaniolo, O Dal Piaz, N M Buffi, G Guazzoni, M Provenzano, B Osmolorskij, F Sanguedolce, E Montanari, N Macchione, K Pummer, V Mirone, M De Sio, G Taverna
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of RIRS, SWL and PCNL for lower calyceal stones sized 1-2 cm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with a single lower calyceal stone with an evidence of a CT diameter between 1 and 2 cm were enrolled in this multicenter, randomized, unblinded, clinical trial study. Patients were randomized into three groups: group A: SWL (194 pts); group B: RIRS (207 pts); group C: PCNL (181 pts). Patients were evaluated with KUB radiography (US for uric acid stones) at day 10 and a CT scan after 3 months...
September 5, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861303/flouroscopy-free-technique-is-safe-and-feasible-in-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-for-renal-stones
#8
Hacı İbrahim Çimen, Fikret Halis, Hasan Salih Sağlam, Ahmet Gökçe
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to present outcomes of our patients who had undergone retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) with fluoroscopy-free technique and evaluate the efficacy and safety of the technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 2013 and June 2015 the outcomes of 93 patients who had undergone RIRS with fluoroscopy-free technique were retrospectively evaluated. Our RIRS technique involved preoperative assessment of ureter by semi-rigid ureteroscope, inserting guidewire through semi-rigid ureteroscope, inserting ureteral access sheath over the guidewire with the visiual guidance of semi-rigid ureteroscope, passing flexible ureteroscope through the sheath, dusting the stone with holmium laser, rechecking the ureter with semi-rigid ureteroscope and inserting double J stent through semi-rigid ureteroscope...
September 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861302/factors-associated-with-postoperative-pain-after-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-for-kidney-stones
#9
Ural Oğuz, Tolga Şahin, Çağrı Şenocak, Ekrem Özyuvalı, Ömer Faruk Bozkurt, Berkan Reşorlu, Ali Ünsal
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate factors related to early postoperative pain after retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective data analysis of 250 patients who underwent RIRS due to kidney stones was performed. Postoperative pain was evaluated in all patients by using visual analogue scale (VAS). Patients with severe pain (VAS score ≥7) were separated and included in Group I (n=46). While patients without pain or with insignificant pain were included in Group II (n=204)...
September 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861294/retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-for-renal-stones-part-2
#10
REVIEW
Özcan Kılıç, Murat Akand, Ben Van Cleynenbreugel
Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) has become an effective and safe treatment modality in the management of urinary system stone disease. Recent developments and innovations in the flexible ureterorenoscope and auxiliary equipment have made this procedure easier and more effective with increased success rates. RIRS can be used as a primary treatment in patients with renal stones smaller than 2 cm, prior unsuccessful shock wave lithotripsy, infundibular stenosis, renoureteral malformation, skeletal-muscular deformity, bleeding diathesis and obese patients...
September 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821613/the-rev1-interacting-region-rir-motif-in-the-scaffold-protein-xrcc1-mediates-a-low-affinity-interaction-with-polynucleotide-kinase-phosphatase-pnkp-during-dna-single-strand-break-repair
#11
Claire Breslin, Rajam S Mani, Mesfin Fanta, Nicolas Hoch, Michael Weinfeld, Keith W Caldecott
The scaffold protein X-ray repair cross-complementing 1 (XRCC1) interacts with multiple enzymes involved in DNA base excision repair and single-strand break repair (SSBR) and is important for genetic integrity and normal neurological function. One of the most important interactions of XRCC1 is that with polynucleotide kinase/phosphatase (PNKP), a dual-function DNA kinase/phosphatase that processes damaged DNA termini and that, if mutated, results in ataxia with oculomotor apraxia 4 (AOA4) and microcephaly with early-onset seizures and developmental delay (MCSZ)...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802643/update-on-urinary-stones-in-children-current-and-future-concepts-in-surgical-treatment-and-shockwave-lithotripsy
#12
REVIEW
Mesrur Selcuk Silay, Jonathan S Ellison, Thomas Tailly, Paolo Caione
CONTEXT: Miniaturized instrumentation used for endoscopic treatment of urinary stone disease in children has been readily adopted in clinical practice. However, there is a need to optimize and individualize the surgical approach according to the patient's age, body habitus, and stone characteristics. Promising novel equipment and techniques will continue to advance the surgical care of these children. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature regarding surgical and shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) treatment of urinary stone disease in children and provide an overview on future treatment innovations...
August 9, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773061/synthesis-of-nanoscale-cao-al%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-sio%C3%A2-h%C3%A2-o-and-na%C3%A2-o-al%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-sio%C3%A2-h%C3%A2-o-using-the-hydrothermal-method-and-their-characterization
#13
Jingbin Yang, Dongxu Li, Yuan Fang
C-A-S-H (CaO-Al₂O₃-SiO₂-H₂O) and N-A-S-H (Na₂O-Al₂O₃-SiO₂-H₂O) have a wide range of chemical compositions and structures and are difficult to separate from alkali-activated materials. Therefore, it is difficult to analyze their microscopic properties directly. This paper reports research on the synthesis of C-A-S-H and N-A-S-H particles with an average particle size smaller than 300 nm by applying the hydrothermal method. The composition and microstructure of the products with different CaO(Na₂O)/SiO₂ ratios and curing conditions were characterized using XRD, the RIR method, FTIR, SEM, TEM, and laser particle size analysis...
June 26, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766960/the-acceptable-criteria-of-stone-burden-and-the-significant-factors-to-choose-retrograde-intrarenal-stone-surgery-or-miniaturized-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-for-the-treatment-of-renal-stones-10-mm
#14
Juhyun Park, Sohee Oh, Min Chul Cho, Hwancheol Son, Hyeon Jeong, Chang Wook Jeong, Jong Jin Oh, Sung Yong Cho
Objective We investigated the surgical efficiency and cut-off criteria to determine whether retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) or supine miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) is appropriate for managing renal stones with a mean size > 10 mm. Materials and Methods Data of a single session RIRS or supine MPCNL was collected in a prospective, observational study. Change point analysis with a cumulative sum of ordered value of fragmentation efficiency and stone size was used to detect the point at which the statistical properties of a sequence of observation changes...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756558/the-old-15%C3%A2-mm-renal-stone-size-limit-for-rirs-remains-a-clinically-significant-threshold-size
#15
Hanan Goldberg, Dor Golomb, Yariv Shtabholtz, Shlomi Tapiero, German Creiderman, Avi Shariv, Jack Baniel, David Lifhshitz
PURPOSE: To investigate the performance of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for the 1-2 cm renal stone size range in comparison to smaller stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From a data base of 3000 ureteroscopies between 2004 and 2014, 635 consecutive patients underwent RIRS for renal stones. Patients were divided to three groups according to their renal stone size (<10, 10-15, 15-20 mm). Preoperative, operative, stone free rate (SFR) and follow-up data were analyzed and compared...
July 29, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747484/a-simple-plasma-retinol-isotope-ratio-method-for-estimating-%C3%AE-carotene-relative-bioefficacy-in-humans-validation-with-the-use-of-model-based-compartmental-analysis
#16
Jennifer Lynn Ford, Joanne Balmer Green, Georg Lietz, Anthony Oxley, Michael H Green
Background: Provitamin A carotenoids are an important source of dietary vitamin A for many populations. Thus, accurate and simple methods for estimating carotenoid bioefficacy are needed to evaluate the vitamin A value of test solutions and plant sources. β-Carotene bioefficacy is often estimated from the ratio of the areas under plasma isotope response curves after subjects ingest labeled β-carotene and a labeled retinyl acetate reference dose [isotope reference method (IRM)], but to our knowledge, the method has not yet been evaluated for accuracy...
September 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720366/the-evolving-role-of-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-urolithiasis
#17
REVIEW
Francesco Sanguedolce, Giorgio Bozzini, Ben Chew, Panagiotis Kallidonis, Jean de la Rosette
CONTEXT: Retrograde intrarenal surgery has gained substantial popularity worldwide thanks to continuous improvements in technology and techniques, and is now considered one of the first-line treatment options for active removal of renal stones. OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive synthesis of the main evidences in literature on the current management of kidney stones by means of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A review of literature has been conducted using search string "retrograde intrarenal surgery OR flexible ureteroscop* OR ureterorenoscop*", without any language restriction; PubMed, Embase, and Scopus databases were searched in November 2016...
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717539/single-session-vs-two-sessions-of-flexible-ureterosopy-furs-for-dusting-of-renal-pelvic-stones-2-3-cm-in-diameter-does-stone-size-or-hardness-play-a-role-in-number-of-sessions-to-be-applied
#18
Ahmed Mamdouh Abd El Hamed, Hazem Elmoghazy, Mohamed Aldahshoury, Ahmed Riad, Mohammed Mostafa, Fawzy Farag, Wael Gamal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the stone hardness in predicting the need for single or two sessions of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for renal pelvis stones of 2-3 cm in size. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-six patients (64 male and 32 female) with only renal stones (2.5±0.3 cm) underwent RIRS using flexible 7.5 Fr ureteroscope (FURS). The stone hardness was evaluated by preoperative non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT). The patients were divided into two groups based on stone hardness: Group I (n=54) (hard stones - Hounsfield Unit (HU) >1000) and group II (n=42) (not hard stone - HU <1000)...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717532/retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-for-renal-stones-part-1
#19
REVIEW
Ben Van Cleynenbreugel, Özcan Kılıç, Murat Akand
The main aim in the treatment of renal stones is to clearance of the stones completely with the least morbidity. Parallel to the improvements in technology during recent years, new flexible ureterorenoscopes and effective lithotripters such as holmium laser have been developed, thus retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) has become an efficient and safe option in the management of urinary system stone disease with a gradually increasing popularity. Therewithal, innovations in auxiliary equipment such as guide-wires, ureteral access sheath and stone baskets have made this procedure more effective...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693386/development-methodology-of-the-novel-endoscopic-stone-treatment-step-1-est-s1-training-assessment-curriculum
#20
Domenico Veneziano, Kamran Ahmed, Ben S E P Van Cleynenbreugel, Ali Serdar Gözen, Joan Palou, Kemal Sarica, Evangelos N Liatsikos, Francesco Sanguedolce, Patrick Honeck, Mario Alvarez-Maestro, Athanasios Papatsoris, Panagiotis Kallidonis, Francesco Greco, Alberto Breda, Bhaskar Somani
Background Simulation based technical-skill assessment is a core topic of debate, especially in high-risk environments. After the introduction of the E-BLUS exam for basic laparoscopy, no more technical training/assessment urological protocols have been developed in Europe. Objective We describe the methodology used in the development of the novel Endoscopic Stone Treatment step 1 (EST s1) assessment curriculum. Materials and Methods The "full life cycle curriculum development" template was followed for curriculum development...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Endourology
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