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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646224/role-of-new-immunophenotypic-markers-on-prognostic-and-overall-survival-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
A F O Costa, D L Menezes, L H S Pinheiro, A F Sandes, M A P Nunes, D P Lyra Junior, D M Schimieguel
Despite technological advances, the prognosis and survival of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) adult patients remain low, compared with other hematologic malignancies. Some antigens detected by immunophenotyping may soon play a significant role in the pathophysiologic, prognostic, and overall survival (OS) rate of AML patients. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library (using PRISMA guidelines). We analyzed 11 studies and 13 antigens, detected through the immunophenotyping of 639 patients...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645645/determinants-of-plasma-donation-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
A Beurel, F Terrade, J-P Lebaudy, B Danic
The major contribution of Human Sciences in the understanding of the whole blood donation behavior has been through the study of individuals' motivations and deterrents to donate. However, if whole blood donation has been very widely studied in the last sixty years, we still know very little about plasma donation in voluntary non-remunerated environments. Yet, the need for plasma-derived products has been strongly increasing for some years, and blood collection agencies have to adapt if they want to meet this demand...
June 20, 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645086/toddler-exposure-to-flame-retardant-chemicals-magnitude-health-concern-and-potential-risk-or-protective-factors-of-exposure-observational-studies-summarized-in-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Eva J Sugeng, Marijke de Cock, Linda J Schoonmade, Margot van de Bor
Endocrine disrupting flame retardant (FR) chemicals form a human health concern, that is investigated mostly from the perspective of adult- and early life exposure. No overview of studies on toddler exposure and health effects exist. However, toddlerhood is a critical developmental period and toddlers are at increased risk for exposure because of their age-specific behavior. This systematic review encompasses toddler FR exposure studies in three countries, associated health effects and potential environmental, demographic, or behavioral risk- or protective factors for toddler exposure...
June 14, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644859/grief-interventions-for-people-bereaved-by-suicide-a-systematic-review
#4
Katja Linde, Julia Treml, Jana Steinig, Michaela Nagl, Anette Kersting
BACKGROUND: Adaption to the loss of a loved one due to suicide can be complicated by feelings of guilt, shame, responsibility, rejection, and stigmatization. Therefore people bereaved by suicide have an increased risk for developing complicated grief which is related to negative physical and mental disorders and an increased risk for suicidal behavior. Grief interventions are needed for this vulnerable population. The aim of this systematic review was to provide an overview of the current state of evidence concerning the effectiveness of interventions that focus on grief for people bereaved by suicide...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644011/development-of-silver-nanoparticles-decorated-emulsion-templated-hierarchically-porous-poly-1-vinylimidazole-beads-for-water-treatment
#5
Muhammad Ahmad Mudassir, Syed Zajif Hussain, Asma Rehman, Wasif Zaheer, Syeda Tasmia Asma, Asim Jilani, Mohammad Aslam, Haifei Zhang, Tariq Mahmood Ansari, Irshad Hussain
Water, the driver of nature, has always been polluted by the blind hurling of highly toxic contaminants, but human-friendly science continuously been presenting better avenues to help solve these challenging issues. In this connection, the present study introduces novel nanocomposites comprised of emulsion-templated hierarchically porous poly(1-vinylimidazole) beads loaded with the silver nanoparticles generated via an in-situ approach. These nanocomposites have been thoroughly characterized by FTIR, TGA, BET and FESEM...
June 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642691/mri-overestimates-excitotoxic-amygdala-lesion-damage-in-rhesus-monkeys
#6
Benjamin M Basile, Chloe L Karaskiewicz, Emily C Fiuzat, Ludise Malkova, Elisabeth A Murray
Selective, fiber-sparing excitotoxic lesions are a state-of-the-art tool for determining the causal contributions of different brain areas to behavior. For nonhuman primates especially, it is advantageous to keep subjects with high-quality lesions alive and contributing to science for many years. However, this requires the ability to estimate lesion extent accurately. Previous research has shown that in vivo T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) accurately estimates damage following selective ibotenic acid lesions of the hippocampus...
2017: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641812/continuum-based-models-and-concepts-for-the-transport-of-nanoparticles-in-saturated-porous-media-a-state-of-the-science-review
#7
REVIEW
Peyman Babakhani, Jonathan Bridge, Ruey-An Doong, Tanapon Phenrat
Environmental applications of nanoparticles (NP) increasingly result in widespread NP distribution within porous media where they are subject to various concurrent transport mechanisms including irreversible deposition, attachment/detachment (equilibrium or kinetic), agglomeration, physical straining, site-blocking, ripening, and size exclusion. Fundamental research in NP transport is typically conducted at small scale, and theoretical mechanistic modeling of particle transport in porous media faces challenges when considering the simultaneous effects of transport mechanisms...
June 7, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639816/review-of-interventions-to-reduce-ultraviolet-tanning-need-for-treatments-targeting-excessive-tanning-an-emerging-addictive-behavior
#8
Jerod L Stapleton, Joel Hillhouse, Kristine Levonyan-Radloff, Sharon L Manne
Millions of Americans engage in tanning each year, defined as intentional ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure in the form of sunbathing or the use of indoor tanning beds. An emerging body of research suggests that UVR has addictive properties and some tanners engage in excessive tanning. This article provides an overview of the evidence of tanning addiction and a systematic review of existing tanning interventions with the goal of evaluating their potential to impact addicted tanners. Our search identified 24 intervention studies that were summarized and discussed according to 3 primary themes...
June 22, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639806/math-related-career-aspirations-and-choices-within-eccles-et-al-s-expectancy-value-theory-of-achievement-related-behaviors
#9
Fani Lauermann, Yi-Miau Tsai, Jacquelynne S Eccles
Which occupation to pursue is one of the more consequential decisions people make and represents a key developmental task. Yet the underlying developmental processes associated with either individual or group differences in occupational choices are still not well understood. This study contributes toward filling this gap, focusing in particular on the math domain. We examined two aspects of Eccles et al.'s (1983) expectancy-value theory of achievement-related behaviors: (a) the reciprocal associations between adolescents' expectancy and subjective task value beliefs and adolescents' career plans and (b) the multiplicative association between expectancies and values in predicting occupational outcomes in the math domain...
June 22, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639681/electrical-and-optical-behaviors-of-sic-gec-mos2-heterostructures-a-first-principles-study
#10
Yong-Chao Rao, Song Yu, Xiang-Mei Duan
Hybrid structures have attracted a great deal of attention because of their excellent properties, which can open up a way we could not foresee in materials science and device physics. Here, we investigate the electrical and optical behaviors of SiC(GeC)/MoS2 heterostructures, using first principles calculations based on density functional theory. Non-covalent bonding exists between the junctions due to the weak orbital coupling. Both junctions have optically active band gaps, smaller than that of the SiC or GeC and MoS2 layers, which result in enhanced optical adsorption under visible-light irradiation...
June 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638061/a-new-study-on-the-growth-behavior-of-austenite-grains-during-heating-processes
#11
Dong Xu, Cheng Ji, Hongyang Zhao, Dongying Ju, Miaoyong Zhu
In this paper, the effects of the heating temperature and holding time on the austenite grain growth of SCM435 steel were studied and analyzed in terms of the average, macro-axis and minor-axis size of the grains. The results indicated that the classical Sellars model was highly consistent for describing the growth stage of the new austenite but poorly described the initial nucleation-growth stage and stability stage of the austenite. A new model that expresses the average austenite grain growth of SCM435 steel was developed, and the values calculated based on this model were highly consistent with the actual measured values...
June 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637279/high-dimensional-multivariate-mediation-with-application-to-neuroimaging-data
#12
Oliver Y Chén, Ciprian Crainiceanu, Elizabeth L Ogburn, Brian S Caffo, Tor D Wager, Martin A Lindquist
Mediation analysis is an important tool in the behavioral sciences for investigating the role of intermediate variables that lie in the path between a treatment and an outcome variable. The influence of the intermediate variable on the outcome is often explored using a linear structural equation model (LSEM), with model coefficients interpreted as possible effects. While there has been significant research on the topic, little work has been done when the intermediate variable (mediator) is a high-dimensional vector...
June 15, 2017: Biostatistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636619/what-do-computer-scientists-tweet-analyzing-the-link-sharing-practice-on-twitter
#13
Marco Schmitt, Robert Jäschke
Twitter communication has permeated every sphere of society. To highlight and share small pieces of information with possibly vast audiences or small circles of the interested has some value in almost any aspect of social life. But what is the value exactly for a scientific field? We perform a comprehensive study of computer scientists using Twitter and their tweeting behavior concerning the sharing of web links. Discerning the domains, hosts and individual web pages being tweeted and the differences between computer scientists and a Twitter sample enables us to look in depth at the Twitter-based information sharing practices of a scientific community...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635122/sketching-the-invisible-to-predict-the-visible-from-drawing-to-modeling-in-chemistry
#14
Melanie M Cooper, Mike Stieff, Dane DeSutter
Sketching as a scientific practice goes beyond the simple act of inscribing diagrams onto paper. Scientists produce a wide range of representations through sketching, as it is tightly coupled to model-based reasoning. Chemists in particular make extensive use of sketches to reason about chemical phenomena and to communicate their ideas. However, the chemical sciences have a unique problem in that chemists deal with the unseen world of the atomic-molecular level. Using sketches, chemists strive to develop causal mechanisms that emerge from the structure and behavior of molecular-level entities, to explain observations of the macroscopic visible world...
June 21, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632441/research-dilemmas-with-behavioral-big-data
#15
Galit Shmueli
Behavioral big data (BBD) refers to very large and rich multidimensional data sets on human and social behaviors, actions, and interactions, which have become available to companies, governments, and researchers. A growing number of researchers in social science and management fields acquire and analyze BBD for the purpose of extracting knowledge and scientific discoveries. However, the relationships between the researcher, data, subjects, and research questions differ in the BBD context compared to traditional behavioral data...
June 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630968/designing-self-powered-materials-systems-that-perform-pattern-recognition
#16
Yan Fang, Victor V Yashin, Steven P Levitan, Anna C Balazs
Inspired by the advances in both materials and computer science, we describe efforts to design "materials that compute" where the material and the computer are the same entity. Using theory and simulation, we devise systems that integrate the behavior of self-oscillating gels and fundamental concepts from oscillator-based computing. We specifically focus on gels that undergo the Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction and thus exhibit self-sustained oscillations. In our models, we couple the BZ gel to an overlaying piezoelectric (PZ) cantilever to create a BZ-PZ unit...
June 20, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630904/participatory-adaptive-management-leads-to-environmental-learning-outcomes-extending-beyond-the-sphere-of-science
#17
Marie Fujitani, Andrew McFall, Christoph Randler, Robert Arlinghaus
Resolving uncertainties in managed social-ecological systems requires adaptive experimentation at whole-ecosystem levels. However, whether participatory adaptive management fosters ecological understanding among stakeholders beyond the sphere of science is unknown. We experimentally involved members of German angling clubs (n = 181 in workshops, n = 2483 in total) engaged in self-governance of freshwater fisheries resources in a large-scale ecological experiment of active adaptive management of fish stocking, which constitutes a controversial management practice for biodiversity and ecosystem functioning when conducted inappropriately...
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630814/normative-emotional-responses-to-behavior-analysis-jargon-or-how-not-to-use-words-to-win-friends-and-influence-people
#18
Thomas S Critchfield, Karla J Doepke, L Kimberly Epting, Amel Becirevic, Derek D Reed, Daniel M Fienup, Jamie L Kremsreiter, Cheryl L Ecott
It has been suggested that non-experts regard the jargon of behavior analysis as abrasive, harsh, and unpleasant. If this is true, excessive reliance on jargon could interfere with the dissemination of effective services. To address this often discussed but rarely studied issue, we consulted a large, public domain list of English words that have been rated by members of the general public for the emotional reactions they evoke. Selected words that behavior analysts use as technical terms were compared to selected words that are commonly used to discuss general science, general clinical work, and behavioral assessment...
June 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630528/description-and-evaluation-of-a-measurement-technique-for-assessment-of-performing-gender
#19
Paul J Fleming, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Carolyn Tucker Halpern
The influence of masculinity and femininity on behaviors and outcomes has been extensively studied in social science research using various measurement strategies. In the present paper, we describe and evaluate a measurement technique that uses existing survey items to capture the extent to which an individual behaves similarly to their same-gender peers. We use data from the first four waves of The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), a nationally representative sample of adolescents (age 12-18) in the United States who were re-interviewed at ages 13-19, 18-26, and 24-32...
June 2017: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628507/patient-reported-outcomes-following-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-or-chemoradiotherapy-treatment-for-esophageal-cancer-a-scoping-review-protocol
#20
Camilla Trenerry, Micah D J Peters, Nadia Corsini, Raechel A Damarell, Carlene Wilson, Ingrid Flight
The objective of this scoping review is to identify, describe and compare studies investigating patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in esophageal cancer patients following neoadjuvant (preoperative) chemotherapy (CT) and surgery or neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and surgery.After preliminary searching of the literature and consultation with experts in the fields of esophageal cancer surgery, behavioral science, information systems and scoping review methodology, the following research objectives were defined as follows...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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