keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

perioperative tests

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092065/impact-of-celecoxib-on-inflammation-during-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Jonathan G Hiller, Shienny Sampurno, Rosemary Millen, Niketh Kuruvilla, Kwok M Ho, Rob Ramsay, Bernhard Riedel
PURPOSE: During cancer surgery, prostaglandin-mediated inflammation may promote and activate micrometastatic disease with a consequent increase in long-term cancer recurrence. Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors, known to have anti-proliferative properties, may offset such perioperative perturbation. We investigated the effectiveness of these agents to minimize inflammatory changes during cancer surgery. METHODS: Following ethics approval, 32 patients who were to undergo major intracavity cancer surgery were enrolled in this prospective, randomized, clinical trial...
January 13, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089797/distal-femoral-hemiepiphysiodesis-using-screw-and-non-absorbable-filament-for-the-treatment-of-idiopatic-genu-valgum-preliminary-results-of-12-knees
#2
Gino Martínez Soto, Sebastián Drago Pérez, Carolina Avilés Espinoza, Angélica Ibañez León, Felipe Hodgson Ovalle, Constanza Ramírez Mac-Lean
INTRODUCTION: Different techniques for gradual correction of angular deformities of lower limbs exist. Screws and nonabsorbable filament has been described as an effective alternative for transitory hemiepiphysiodesis in New Zealand rabbits. HYPOTHESIS: Hemiepiphysiodesis using screws and non-absorbable filament is effective in pediatric population, for correction of genu valgum. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation, 12 knees in 6 patients younger than 15 years (3 female), operated because of genu valgum...
January 9, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089468/obtain-a-outcome-benefits-of-tranexamic-acid-in-hip-arthroplasty-a%C3%A2-randomized-double-blinded-controlled-trial
#3
Andrew Fraval, Peter Effeney, Lena Fiddelaers, Belinda Smith, Ben Towell, Phong Tran
BACKGROUND: We examined whether the blood conserving effect of tranexamic acid (TXA) in total hip arthroplasty using the direct anterior approach, translates to an effect on functional outcomes in the perioperative period. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. One hundred one patients were randomized to receive either TXA or an equivalent volume of normal saline. The primary outcome measure was thigh swelling...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079430/multimodal-prehabilitation-improves-functional-capacity-before-and-after-colorectal-surgery-for-cancer-a-five-year-research-experience
#4
Enrico Maria Minnella, Guillaume Bousquet-Dion, Rashami Awasthi, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl, Francesco Carli
BACKGROUND: Multimodal prehabilitation is a preoperative conditioning intervention in form of exercise, nutritional assessment, whey protein supplementation, and anxiety-coping technique. Despite recent evidence suggesting that prehabilitation could improve functional capacity in patients undergoing colorectal surgery for cancer, all studies were characterized by a relatively small sample size. The aim of this study was to confirm what was previously found in three small population trials...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077533/cefalotin-as-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-in-patients-with-known-intraoperative-anaphylaxis-to-cefazolin
#5
P H M Sadleir, R C Clarke, P R Platt
BACKGROUND: The most common trigger for intraoperative anaphylaxis in Western Australia for the period 2014-5 was an antibiotic used for surgical prophylaxis, cefazolin. In these patients who subsequently present for surgery, alternative cephalosporins are forbidden by current guidelines because of concerns regarding an increased risk of anaphylaxis. However, consideration of the structure-activity relationships relevant to anaphylaxis suggests that cefalotin is a safe alternative because of structural dissimilarities, although there are no pubished clinical data relevant to the perioperative setting...
October 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074801/delirium-after-cardiac-surgery-a-pilot-study-from-a-single-tertiary-referral-center
#6
Ashok K Kumar, Aveek Jayant, V K Arya, Rohan Magoon, Ridhima Sharma
BACKGROUND: Advances in cardiac surgery has shifted paradigm of management to perioperative psychological illnesses. Delirium is a state of altered consciousness with easy distraction of thoughts. The pathophysiology of this complication is not clear, but identification of risk factors is important for positive postoperative outcomes. The goal of the present study was to prospectively identify the incidence, motoric subtypes, and risk factors associated with development of delirium in cardiac surgical patients admitted to postoperative cardiac intensive care, using a validated delirium monitoring instrument...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074374/can-we-predict-the-perioperative-pulmonary-complications-before-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-original-research
#7
Nurhan Atilla, Huseyin Arpag, Fulsen Bozkus, Hasan Kahraman, Emrah Cengiz, Ertan Bulbuloglu, Semi Atilla
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of obesity in worldwide is one of the most serious chronic public health problems and is considered to be a global epidemic. Bariatric surgical procedures have also been applied more often with increased prevalence of obesity. As a result, the incidence of surgical complications has increased. Preoperative evaluation is quite important for these patients. AIMS: The aim of our study is to determine the predictors of perioperative pulmonary complications of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy...
January 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073910/implantation-of-the-subcutaneous-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-an-evaluation-of-4-implantation-techniques
#8
Tom F Brouwer, Marc A Miller, Anne-Floor B E Quast, Chandrasekar Palaniswamy, Srinivas R Dukkipati, Vivek Reddy, Arthur A Wilde, Jonathan M Willner, Reinoud E Knops
BACKGROUND: Alternative techniques to the traditional 3-incision subcutaneous implantation of the subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator may offer procedural and cosmetic advantages. We evaluate 4 different implant techniques of the subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients implanted with subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillators from 2 hospitals between 2009 and 2016 were included. Four implantation techniques were used depending on physician preference and patient characteristics...
January 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070166/biochemical-recurrence-prediction-in-high-risk-prostate-cancer-patients-following-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#9
Noriya Yamaguchi, Tetsuya Yumioka, Hideto Iwamoto, Toshihiko Masago, Shuichi Morizane, Masashi Honda, Takehiro Sejima, Atsushi Takenaka
BACKGROUND: High-risk prostate cancer treatment has been controversial. Some high-risk prostate cancer patients fail to respond to radical prostatectomy only. Thus, we aimed to investigate the predictive factors for biochemical recurrence (BCR) and identify patients who could achieve sufficient therapeutic effect by radical prostatectomy only. METHODS: Of 264 medical records reviewed, 141 low-intermediate-risk and 100 high-risk prostate cancer patients, excluding those who had received neoadjuvant hormone therapy, were analyzed...
December 2016: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069048/effect-of-body-mass-index-on-survival-of-patients-with-stage-i-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#10
Hao-Jun Xie, Xu Zhang, Zhen-Qiang Wei, Hao Long, Tie-Hua Rong, Xiao-Dong Su
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) has a U-shaped association with lung cancer risk. However, the effect of BMI on prognosis is controversial. This retrospective study aimed to investigate the effect of BMI on the survival of patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after surgical resection. METHODS: In total, 624 consecutive stage I NSCLC patients who underwent radical resection were classified into four groups according to their BMI: underweight (BMI < 18...
January 10, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067749/association-between-obesity-and-perioperative-morbidity-in-open-versus-laparoscopic-sacrocolpopexy
#11
Gabriela E Halder, Jason L Salemi, Stuart Hart, Emad Mikhail
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare differences in 30-day perioperative morbidity and mortality for women undergoing open sacrocolpopexy (OSCP) versus laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSCP) across all body mass index (BMI) groups and between patients of ideal versus elevated BMI (includes overweight, obese, and morbidly obese). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data for this retrospective review were obtained from the American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Project database using current procedural terminology...
January 6, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067688/perioperative-near-infrared-spectroscopy-monitoring-in-neonates-with-congenital-heart-disease-relationship-of-cerebral-tissue-oxygenation-index-variability-with-neurodevelopmental-outcome
#12
Michael C Spaeder, Darren Klugman, Kami Skurow-Todd, Penny Glass, Richard A Jonas, Mary T Donofrio
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the value of perioperative cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy monitoring using variability analysis in the prediction of neurodevelopmental outcomes in neonates undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Urban, academic, tertiary-care children's hospital. PATIENTS: Neonates undergoing surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass for congenital heart disease...
January 6, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066621/the-non-intubated-anesthesia-for-airway-surgery
#13
REVIEW
Katsuhiro Okuda, Ryoichi Nakanishi
Surgical treatment for lung cancer including airway resection following reconstruction is typically performed under general anesthesia with single-lung ventilation because it is necessary to maintain a sufficient working space and to adjust the airway pressure for the leak test. However, non-intubated thoracic surgery has been gradually developed in recent years for thoracoscopic surgery, due to its lower rate of postoperative complications, shorter hospitalization duration, and lower invasiveness than the usual single-lung anesthesia...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062267/constrictive-pericarditis-a-practical-clinical-approach
#14
REVIEW
William R Miranda, Jae K Oh
Constrictive pericarditis (CP) represents a form of severe diastolic heart failure (HF), secondary to a noncompliant pericardium. The true prevalence of CP is unknown but it is observed in 0.2-0.4% of patients who have undergone cardiac surgery or have had pericardial trauma or inflammation due to a variety of etiologies. Despite its poor prognosis if untreated, CP is a potentially curable disease and surgical pericardiectomy can now be performed at low perioperative mortality in tertiary centers with surgical expertise in pericardial diseases...
January 3, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059679/perioperative-outcomes-for-pediatric-neurosurgical-procedures-analysis-of-the-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-pediatrics
#15
Benjamin J Kuo, Joao Ricardo N Vissoci, Joseph R Egger, Emily R Smith, Gerald A Grant, Michael M Haglund, Henry E Rice
OBJECTIVE Existing studies have shown a high overall rate of adverse events (AEs) following pediatric neurosurgical procedures. However, little is known regarding the morbidity of specific procedures or the association with risk factors to help guide quality improvement (QI) initiatives. The goal of this study was to describe the 30-day mortality and AE rates for pediatric neurosurgical procedures by using the American College of Surgeons (ACS) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatrics (NSQIP-Peds) database platform...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058213/face-transplantation-anesthetic-challenges
#16
REVIEW
Aparna Dalal
Face transplantation is a complex vascular composite allotransplantation (VCA) surgery. It involves multiple types of tissue, such as bone, muscles, blood vessels, nerves to be transferred from the donor to the recipient as one unit. VCAs were added to the definition of organs covered by the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network Final Rule and National Organ Transplant Act. Prior to harvest of the face from the donor, a tracheostomy is usually performed. The osteotomies and dissection of the midface bony skeleton may involve severe hemorrhagic blood loss often requiring transfusion of blood products...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058211/organ-transplantation-and-drug-eluting-stents-perioperative-challenges
#17
REVIEW
Aparna Dalal
Patients listed for organ transplant frequently have severe coronary artery disease (CAD), which may be treated with drug eluting stents (DES). Everolimus and zotarolimus eluting stents are commonly used. Newer generation biolimus and novolimus eluting biodegradable stents are becoming increasingly popular. Patients undergoing transplant surgery soon after the placement of DES are at increased risk of stent thrombosis (ST) in the perioperative period. Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and a P2Y12 inhibitor such as clopidogrel, prasugrel and ticagrelor is instated post stenting to decrease the incident of ST...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054902/novel-goal-directed-hemodynamic-optimization-therapy-based-on-major-vasopressor-during-corrective-cardiac-surgery-in-patients-with-severe-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-a-pilot-study
#18
Shuwen Li, Qing Ma, Yanwei Yang, Jiakai Lu, Zhiquan Zhang, Mu Jin, Weiping Cheng
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a common and fatal complication of congenital heart disease (CHD). PAH-CHD increases the risk for postoperative complications. Recent evidence suggests that perioperative goal-directed hemodynamic optimization therapy (GDHOT) significantly improves outcomes in surgery patients. Standard GDHOT is based on major solution volume, vasodilators and inotropic therapy, while novel GDHOT is based on major vasopressor and inotropic therapy...
22, 2016: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054896/staged-or-combined-approach-for-carotid-endarterectomy-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-5-year-long-experience
#19
Kursad Oz, Ünal Aydın, Mugisha Kyaruzi, Zeynep Karaman, Onur Selçuk Göksel, Mehmet Yeniterzi, Ihsan Bakir
BACKGROUND: Optimal surgical approach for patients with hemodynamically significant carotid and coronary disease remains controversial. We analyzed our 5-year experience and compared early and long-term outcome following staged and combined carotid and coronary artery bypass. METHODS: 312 consecutive patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy and coronary artery bypass between 2008 and 2013 were prospectively enrolled in the study. Patients were scheduled for a staged (carotid endarterectomy followed by coronary artery bypass within 1 week) procedure (Group S) unless they were unstable in terms of cardiac status (were deemed to a combined procedure; Group C)...
7, 2016: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051047/evaluation-of-the-use-of-laparoscopic-guided-cholecystocholangiography-and-liver-biopsy-in-definitive-diagnosis-of-neonatal-cholestatic-jaundice
#20
Khalid Shreef, Abdullah Alhelal
BACKGROUND: Once it is established that a jaundiced infant has direct hyperbilirubinemia, the principal diagnostic concern is to differentiate hepatocellular from obstructive cholestasis. Traditional tests such as ultrasonography, percutaneous liver biopsy and technetium 99 m hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid (HIDA) scan are often not sufficiently discriminating. Definitive exclusion of biliary atresia (BA) in the infant with cholestatic jaundice usually requires mini-laparotomy and intra-operative cholangiography...
October 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
keyword
keyword
53478
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"