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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786027/curriculum-development-for-a-module-on-noncommunicable-diseases-for-the-master-of-public-health-program
#1
Anu Mary Oommen, Rashmi Vyas, Minnie Faith, Dhayakani Selvakumar, Kuryan George
Background: As the burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has been rising globally, various educational programs have introduced chronic disease epidemiology teaching, which is now a component of most of the Master of Public Health (MPH) programs. However, the process of curriculum development for these courses has not been adequately documented for use by educators planning such courses. Methods: A detailed process of curriculum development based on David Kern's six-step approach was undertaken for a 2-week course on NCDs, as part of the MPH program of a tertiary institution in South India...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785169/self-reported-functional-communicative-and-critical-health-literacy-on-foodborne-diseases-in-accra-ghana
#2
Sangeeta Gupta, Raymond Asare Tutu, John Boateng, Janice Desire Busingye, Sathya Elavarthi
Background: Although substantial progress has been made in reducing total mortality resulting from foodborne diseases, diarrheal illness are still the second most common illnesses among children. In Ghana, foodborne diseases have consistently been among the top 20 causes of outpatient illness over the last couple of decades. This study, therefore, examines health literacy on foodborne diseases and the relative effects of health literacy on self-rated health. Methods: Foodborne diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality globally...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783962/predictors-of-weight-stigma-experienced-by-middle-older-aged-general-practice-patients-with-obesity-in-disadvantaged-areas-of-australia-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Catherine Spooner, Upali W Jayasinghe, Nighat Faruqi, Nigel Stocks, Mark F Harris
BACKGROUND: Rates of obesity have increased globally and weight stigma is commonly experienced by people with obesity. Feeling stigmatised because of one's weight can be a barrier to healthy eating, physical activity and to seeking help for weight management. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of perceived weight among middle-older aged patients with obesity attending general practices in socioeconomically disadvantaged urban areas of Australia. METHODS: As part of a randomised clinical trial in Australia, telephone interviews were conducted with 120 patients from 17 general practices in socioeconomically disadvantaged of Sydney and Adelaide...
May 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781972/human-trafficking-how-nurses-can-make-a-difference
#4
Meredith Scannell, Andrea E MacDonald, Amanda Berger, Nichole Boyer
Human trafficking is a human rights violation and a global health problem. Victims of human trafficking have medical and mental health sequelae requiring specific healthcare interventions. Healthcare professionals may be the initial contact that these victims make outside the world of trafficking. Healthcare professionals are key agents in the identification of human trafficking, which is essential in eliminating this public health problem. Unfortunately, healthcare professionals are not always able to detect signs of human trafficking...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781698/a-middle-range-model-for-improving-quality-of-nursing-education-in-malawi
#5
Thokozani M Bvumbwe, Ntombifikile G Mtshali
BACKGROUND:  Despite a global consensus that nurses and midwives constitute the majority and are a backbone of any country's health workforce system, productive capacity of training institutions remains low and still needs more guidance. This study aimed at developing a middle-range model to guide efforts in nursing education improvements. OBJECTIVE:  To explore challenges facing nursing education in Malawi and to describe efforts that are being put in place to improve nursing education and the process of development of a model to improve nursing education in Malawi...
March 22, 2018: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781417/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-marital-status-and-hypertension-in-ghana
#6
Derek Anamaale Tuoyire, Harold Ayetey
SummaryHypertension is a significant contributor to the global burden of cardiovascular and related target organ diseases such as heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke and kidney failure, and their associated premature morbidity, mortality and disability. Marital status is an important social characteristic known to predict a range of health outcomes including cardiovascular disease. However, little is known about its impact on hypertension in sub-Saharan Africa. This study explored the relationship between marital status and hypertension among women and men in Ghana...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780431/mathematical-modelling-of-bacterial-meningitis-transmission-dynamics-with-control-measures
#7
Joshua Kiddy K Asamoah, Farai Nyabadza, Baba Seidu, Mehar Chand, Hemen Dutta
Vaccination and treatment are the most effective ways of controlling the transmission of most infectious diseases. While vaccination helps susceptible individuals to build either a long-term immunity or short-term immunity, treatment reduces the number of disease-induced deaths and the number of infectious individuals in a community/nation. In this paper, a nonlinear deterministic model with time-dependent controls has been proposed to describe the dynamics of bacterial meningitis in a population. The model is shown to exhibit a unique globally asymptotically stable disease-free equilibrium ℰ 0 , when the effective reproduction number ℛ VT ≤ 1, and a globally asymptotically stable endemic equilibrium ℰ 1 , when ℛ VT > 1; and it exhibits a transcritical bifurcation at ℛ VT = 1...
2018: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780034/improving-predictive-asthma-algorithms-with-modelled-environment-data-for-scotland-an-observational-cohort-study-protocol
#8
Ireneous N Soyiri, Aziz Sheikh, Stefan Reis, Kimberly Kavanagh, Massimo Vieno, Tom Clemens, Edward J Carnell, Jiafeng Pan, Abby King, Rachel C Beck, Hester J T Ward, Chris Dibben, Chris Robertson, Colin R Simpson
INTRODUCTION: Asthma has a considerable, but potentially, avoidable burden on many populations globally. Scotland has some of the poorest health outcomes from asthma. Although ambient pollution, weather changes and sociodemographic factors have been associated with asthma attacks, it remains unclear whether modelled environment data and geospatial information can improve population-based asthma predictive algorithms. We aim to create the afferent loop of a national learning health system for asthma in Scotland...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780026/teaching-the-relationship-between-health-and-climate-change-a-systematic-scoping-review-protocol
#9
Tasnime Osama, David Brindley, Azeem Majeed, Kris A Murray, Hiral Shah, Mel Toumazos, Michelle Van Velthoven, Josip Car, Glenn Wells, Edward Meinert
INTRODUCTION: The observed and projected impacts of climate change on human health are significant. While climate change has gathered global momentum and is taught frequently, the extent to which the relationships between climate change and health are taught remains uncertain. Education provides an opportunity to create public engagement on these issues, but the extent to which historical implementation of climate health education could be leveraged is not well understood. To address this gap, we propose to conduct a scoping review of all forms of teaching that have been used to illustrate the health effects of climate change between 2005 and 2017, coinciding with a turning point in the public health and climate change agendas following the 2005 Group of 7/8 (G7/8) Summit...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777644/closing-the-gap-between-people-and-programs-lessons-from-implementation-of-social-accountability-for-family-planning-and-reproductive-health-in-uganda
#10
Vicky Boydell, Stella Neema, Kelsey Wright, Karen Hardee
Globally, women's access to modern contraception can be attributed to poor service conditions and care. Growing evidence from across the health sector has found that social accountability approaches have the potential to improve the quality of care and therefore the utilization of health services, little of this evidence relates to family planning and reproductive health programs. This paper therefore assessed the results of retrospective implementation research into a five-year social accountability project in Uganda that focused on family planning and reproductive health...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775501/educational-interventions-for-improving-primary-caregiver-complementary-feeding-practices-for-children-aged-24-months-and-under
#11
REVIEW
Dachi Arikpo, Ededet Sewanu Edet, Moriam T Chibuzor, Friday Odey, Deborah M Caldwell
BACKGROUND: Although complementary feeding is a universal practice, the methods and manner in which it is practiced vary between cultures, individuals and socioeconomic classes. The period of complementary feeding is a critical time of transition in the life of an infant, and inappropriate complementary feeding practices, with their associated adverse health consequences, remain a significant global public health problem. Educational interventions are widely acknowledged as effective in promoting public health strategy, and those aimed at improving complementary feeding practices provide information about proper complementary feeding practices to caregivers of infants/children...
May 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774262/the-need-to-improve-fertility-awareness
#12
Joyce Harper, Jacky Boivin, Helen C O'Neill, Kate Brian, Jennifer Dhingra, Grace Dugdale, Genevieve Edwards, Lucy Emmerson, Bola Grace, Alison Hadley, Laura Hamzic, Jenny Heathcote, Jessica Hepburn, Lesley Hoggart, Fiona Kisby, Sue Mann, Sarah Norcross, Lesley Regan, Susan Seenan, Judith Stephenson, Harry Walker, Adam Balen
Women and men globally are delaying the birth of their first child. In the UK, the average age of first conception in women is 29 years. Women experience age-related fertility decline so it is important that men and women are well-informed about this, and other aspects of fertility. A group of UK stakeholders have established the Fertility Education Initiative to develop tools and information for children, adults, teachers, parents and healthcare professionals dedicated to improving knowledge of fertility and reproductive health...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#13
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772940/assistive-technology-and-people-a-position-paper-from-the-first-global-research-innovation-and-education-on-assistive-technology-great-summit
#14
Deirdre Desmond, Natasha Layton, Jacob Bentley, Fleur Heleen Boot, Johan Borg, Bishnu Maya Dhungana, Pamela Gallagher, Lynn Gitlow, Rosemary Joan Gowran, Nora Groce, Katerina Mavrou, Trish Mackeogh, Rachael McDonald, Cecilia Pettersson, Marcia Scherer
Assistive technology (AT) is a powerful enabler of participation. The World Health Organization's Global Collaboration on Assistive Technology (GATE) programme is actively working towards access to assistive technology for all. Developed through collaborative work as a part of the Global Research, Innovation and Education on Assistive Technology (GREAT) Summit, this position paper provides a "state of the science" view of AT users, conceptualized as "People" within the set of GATE strategic "P"s...
May 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772280/an-analysis-of-palliative-care-development-in-africa-a-ranking-based-on-region-specific-macro-indicators
#15
John Y Rhee, Eduardo Garralda, Eve Namisango, Emmanuel Luyirika, Liliana de Lima, Richard A Powell, Jesús López-Fidalgo, Carlos Centeno
CONTEXT: To date, there is no study comparing palliative care (PC) development among African countries. OBJECTIVE: To analyze comparatively PC development in African countries based on region-specific indicators. METHODS: Data were obtained from the APCA Atlas of PC in Africa and a comparative analysis conducted. Nineteen indicators were developed and defined through qualitative interviews with African PC experts and a two-round modified Delphi consensus process with international experts on global PC indicators...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771615/risk-and-protective-factors-for-intimate-partner-violence-against-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-prospective-longitudinal-studies
#16
Alexa R Yakubovich, Heidi Stöckl, Joseph Murray, G J Melendez-Torres, Janina I Steinert, Calla E Y Glavin, David K Humphreys
BACKGROUND: The estimated lifetime prevalence of physical or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) is 30% among women worldwide. Understanding risk and protective factors is essential for designing effective prevention strategies. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the associations between prospective-longitudinal risk and protective factors and IPV and identify evidence gaps. SEARCH METHODS: We conducted systematic searches in 16 databases including MEDLINE and PsycINFO from inception to June 2016...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771226/sanokondu
#17
Jamiu Busari, Ming-Ka Chan, Deepak Dath, Anne Matlow, Diane de Camps Meschino
Purpose This paper aims to describe the evolution of Sanokondu, highlighting the rationale, achievements and lessons learnt from this initiative. Sanokondu is a multinational community of practice dedicated to fostering health-care leadership education worldwide. This platform for health-care leadership education was conceived in 2014 at the first Toronto International Summit on Leadership Education for Physicians (TISLEP) and evolved into a formal network of collaborators in 2016. Design/methodology/approach This paper is a case study of a multinational collaboration of health-care leaders, educators, learners and other stakeholders...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771222/structure-of-health-care-dyad-leadership-an-organization-s-experience
#18
Anurag Saxena, Maura Davies, Don Philippon
Purpose This study aims to explore the structural aspects (roles, responsibilities and reporting) of dyad leadership in one health-care organization (HCO). Design/methodology/approach The perceptions of 32 leaders (17 physician leaders and 15 dyad co-leaders) in formal leadership positions (six first-level with formal authority limited to teams or divisions, 23 middle-level with wider departmental or program responsibility and three senior-level with institution-wide authority) were obtained through focus groups and surveys...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771204/past-present-and-future-challenges-in-health-care-priority-setting
#19
William Hall, Iestyn Williams, Neale Smith, Marthe Gold, Joanna Coast, Lydia Kapiriri, M Danis, Craig Mitton
Purpose Current conditions have intensified the need for health systems to engage in the difficult task of priority setting. As the search for a "magic bullet" is replaced by an appreciation for the interplay between evidence, interests, culture, and outcomes, progress in relation to these dimensions requires assessment of achievements to date and identification of areas where knowledge and practice require attention most urgently. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach An international survey was administered to experts in the area of priority setting...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770565/a-review-of-child-stunting-determinants-in-indonesia
#20
REVIEW
Ty Beal, Alison Tumilowicz, Aang Sutrisna, Doddy Izwardy, Lynnette M Neufeld
Child stunting reduction is the first of 6 goals in the Global Nutrition Targets for 2025 and a key indicator in the second Sustainable Development Goal of Zero Hunger. The prevalence of child stunting in Indonesia has remained high over the past decade, and at the national level is approximately 37%. It is unclear whether current approaches to reduce child stunting align with the scientific evidence in Indonesia. We use the World Health Organization conceptual framework on child stunting to review the available literature and identify what has been studied and can be concluded about the determinants of child stunting in Indonesia and where data gaps remain...
May 17, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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