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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165539/management-of-musculoskeletal-conditions-in-rural-south-australia-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
E Dent, E Hoon, J Karnon, A Kitson, J Dollard, J Newbury, G Harvey, T Gill, J Beilby
With age, the prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions increases markedly. This rural-based study determined the benefits of two approaches for managing musculoskeletal conditions: a multiple-component 'Self-management Plus' intervention, and usual care. The intervention combined self-management education with physical activity and health professional support. 6-month outcomes included: Clinical Global Impression-Improvement Scale (CGI-IS) and Quality of Life (QoL). A total of 145 people were recruited; mean (SD) age was 66...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165134/level-and-potential-social-ecological-factors-associated-with-physical-inactivity-and-sedentary-behavior-among-moroccan-school-age-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Abdelghaffar El-Ammari, Hicham El Kazdouh, Siham Bouftini, Samira El Fakir, Youness El Achhab
BACKGROUND: Creating a successful intervention that supports an active lifestyle and prevents sedentary one requires a better understanding of the factors associated with physical inactivity (PI) and sedentary behavior (SB). However, these factors have not been assessed among Moroccan adolescents. This study aimed to determine prevalence of PI and SB and to explore their potential social-ecological associated factors in school-age adolescents. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 764 students (age range, 14-19 years) were enrolled from six schools in Taza city, Morocco...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164947/trading-equality-for-health-evaluating-the-trade-off-and-institutional-hypotheses-on-health-inequalities-in-the-global-south
#3
Benjamin Sosnaud, Jason Beckfield
It has been suggested that as medicine advances and mortality declines, socioeconomic disparities in health outcomes will grow. Yet, most research on this topic uses data from affluent Western democracies, where mortality is declining in small increments. We argue that the Global South represents the ideal setting to study this issue in a context of rapid mortality decline. We evaluate two competing hypotheses: (1) there is a trade-off between population health and health inequality such that reductions in under-five mortality are linked to higher levels of social inequality in health; and (2) institutional interventions that improve under-five mortality, like the expansion of educational systems and public health expenditure, are associated with reductions in inequalities...
September 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164725/a-scoping-review-of-environmental-health-nursing-research
#4
Barbara J Polivka, Rosemary V Chaudry
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scoping review was to determine the extent and focus of published environmental health nursing research. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: The search was limited to peer reviewed, English-language environmental health nursing research with at least one nursing author, published between 1995 and 2015 in a nursing journal, and catalogued in CINAHL. RESULTS: Publication of the 548 identified articles occurred in 118 different nursing journals...
November 22, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162432/renal-damage-in-the-metabolic-syndrome-metsx-disorders-implicated
#5
REVIEW
Trujillo Joyce, Chirino Yolanda Irasema, Martínez-Tagüeña Natalia, Pedraza-Chaverri Jose
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is increasing worldwide and has become a risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease. The complex linkage between metabolic syndrome and chronic kidney disease is under research and the factors involved beyond the biological pathogenesis include demographic, sociological and psychological factors that are related to the metabolic syndrome prevalence. The social context of disease causation is as relevant to today's clinical scientist and practitioner as biomarker-directed risk stratification and therapy...
November 18, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162357/2017-guidelines-for-the-management-of-arterial-hypertension-in-primary-health-care-in-portuguese-speaking-countries
#6
Gláucia Maria Moraes de Oliveira, Miguel Mendes, Marcus Vinícius Bolívar Malachias, João Morais, Osni Moreira Filho, Armando Serra Coelho, Daniel Pires Capingana, Vanda Azevedo, Irenita Soares, Alda Menete, Beatriz Ferreira, Miryan Bandeira Dos Prazeres Cassandra Soares, Mário Fernandes
The World Health Organization goal's to reduce mortality due to chronic non-communicable diseases by 2% per year demands a huge effort from member countries. This challenge for health professionals requires global political action on implementation of social measures, with cost-effective population interventions to reduce chronic non-communicable diseases and their risk factors. Systemic arterial hypertension is highly prevalent in Portuguese-speaking countries, and is a major risk factor for complications such as stroke, acute myocardial infarction and chronic kidney disease, rivaling dyslipidemia and obesity in importance for the development of atherosclerotic disease...
November 18, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162117/community-based-intervention-to-prevent-domestic-violence-against-women-in-the-reproductive-age-in-northwestern-ethiopia-a-protocol-for-quasi-experimental-study
#7
Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Abubakar Manu, Nega Assefa, Augustine Ankomah
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a well understood devastating global pandemic, and human right violation. One in three women experienced intimate partner violence worldwide. In Ethiopia, the level of domestic violence against women is one of the highest in the world. However, Ethiopia is signatory for various conventions and incorporated in legal frameworks. Nevertheless, effective implementation of the existing policy documents, and engaging different stakeholders is very limited...
November 21, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161849/transmission-dynamics-and-optimal-control-of-brucellosis-in-inner-mongolia-of-china
#8
Linhua Zhou, Meng Fan, Qiang Hou, Zhen Jin, Xiangdong Sun
A multigroup model is developed to characterize brucellosis transmission, to explore potential effects of key factors, and to prioritize control measures. The global threshold dynamics are completely characterized by theory of asymptotic autonomous systems and Lyapunov direct method. We then formulate a multi-objective optimization problem and, by the weighted sum method, transform it into a scalar optimization problem on minimizing the total cost for control. The existence of optimal control and its characterization are well established by Pontryagin's Maximum Principle...
April 1, 2018: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161155/the-use-of-virtual-communities-of-practice-to-improve-interprofessional-collaboration-and-education-findings-from-an-integrated-review
#9
Clodagh McLoughlin, Kunal D Patel, Tom O'Callaghan, Scott Reeves
The recent growth in online technology has led to a rapid increase in the sharing of health related information globally. Health and social care professionals are now using a wide range of virtual communities of practice (VCoPs) for learning, support, continuing professional education, knowledge management and information sharing. In this article, we report the findings from a review of the literature that explored the use of VCoPs by health and social care professionals to determine their potential for interprofessional education and collaboration...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158656/translating-the-birmingham-neighborhood-leaders-survey-into-innovative-action-through-the-community-health-innovation-awards
#10
Shauntice Allen, Alaina Pineda, Anthony C Hood, Jessica F Wakelee
The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching describes community engagement as the collaboration between higher education institutions and their larger communities (local, regional/state, national, global) for the mutually beneficial exchange of knowledge and resources in a context of partnership. This article describes the development, implementation and outcomes of a community-engaged grant-making program, the Community Health Innovation Awards (CHIA). The CHIA program was the by-product of a qualitative study jointly led by researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and neighborhood leaders from the surrounding communities in Birmingham, AL...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157572/long-term-effects-on-nursing-alumni-assessing-a-course-in-public-and-global-health
#11
Sheri P Palmer, Karen Lundberg, Karen de la Cruz, Cheryl Corbett, Sondra Heaston, Shelly Reed, Mary Williams
The impact of a cultural awareness course among nursing students may affect the particular person for years to come. Cultural awareness can be taught via many methods, often requiring study abroad and/or extreme investment of time, money and effort. There is little research on sustained effects on nursing alumni from such a course. The purpose of this descriptive survey study was to determine the long term outcomes of a cultural awareness course and 2) compare the long term effects between alumni who went abroad and those who chose to complete the course locally...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157290/commentary-on-a-participatory-inquiry-paradigm-used-to-assess-eol-simulation-participant-outcomes-and-design
#12
Jane M Gannon
Care at the end-of-life has attracted global attention, as health care workers struggle with balancing cure based care with end-of-life care, and knowing when to transition from the former to the latter. Simulation is gaining in popularity as an education strategy to facilitate health care provider decision-making by improving communication skills with patients and family members. This commentary focuses on the authors' simulation evaluation process. When data were assessed using a participatory inquiry paradigm, the evaluation revealed far more than a formative or summative evaluation of participant knowledge and skills in this area of care...
November 20, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156638/development-of-evidence-based-disease-education-literature-for-pakistani-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#13
Atta Abbas Naqvi, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Muhammad Tariq Aftab, Syed Baqir Shyum Naqvi, Fatima Zehra, Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad
Rheumatoid arthritis affects 0.5% to 1% of the population globally and is one of the most common causes of disability. Patient education plays a key role in improving treatment outcomes. The purpose of this study was to discuss the process involved in designing an evidence-based disease education literature for rheumatoid arthritis patients of Pakistan in Urdu language with culturally relevant illustrations. A study was conducted to develop disease education literature using Delphi consensus, content validity, and patient feedback...
November 20, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155840/indications-and-determinants-of-caesarean-section-delivery-evidence-from-a-population-based-study-in-matlab-bangladesh
#14
Tahmina Begum, Aminur Rahman, Herfina Nababan, Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque, Al Fazal Khan, Taslim Ali, Iqbal Anwar
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Caesarean section (C-section) is a major obstetric intervention for saving lives of women and their newborns from pregnancy and childbirth related complications. Un-necessary C-sections may have adverse impact upon maternal and neonatal outcomes. In Bangladesh there is paucity of data on clinical indication of C-section at population level. We conducted a retrospective study in icddr,b Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) area of Matlab to look into the indications and determinants of C-sections...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152734/access-to-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-facilities-for-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-an-international-survey-by-the-ilae-pnes-task-force-2nd-revision
#15
Coraline Hingray, Wissam El-Hage, Rod Duncan, David Gigineishvili, Kousuke Kanemoto, W Curt LaFrance, Alejandro de Marinis, Ravi Paul, Chrisma Pretorius, José F Téllez Zenteno, Hannah Wiseman, Markus Reuber
OBJECTIVE: Studies from a small number of countries suggest that patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) have limited access to diagnostic and treatment services. The PNES Task Force of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) carried out 2 surveys to explore the diagnosis and treatment of PNES around the world. METHODS: A short survey (8 questions) was sent to all 114 chapters of the ILAE. A longer survey (36 questions) was completed by healthcare professionals who see patients with seizures...
November 20, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151370/systematic-review-of-infant-and-young-child-complementary-feeding-practices-in-south-asian-families-the-pakistan-perspective
#16
Logan Manikam, Anika Sharmila, Abina Dharmaratnam, Emma C Alexander, Jia Ying Kuah, Ankita Prasad, Sonia Ahmed, Raghu Lingam, Monica Lakhanpaul
OBJECTIVE: Suboptimal nutrition among children remains a problem among South Asian (SA) families. Appropriate complementary feeding (CF) practices can greatly reduce this risk. Thus, we undertook a systematic review of studies assessing CF (timing, dietary diversity, meal frequency and influencing factors) in children aged <2 years in Pakistan. DESIGN: Searches between January 2000 and June 2016 in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, Web of Science, OVID Maternity & Infant Care, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, BanglaJOL, POPLINE and WHO Global Health Library...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151269/how-to-practice-person-centred-care-a-conceptual-framework
#17
REVIEW
Maria J Santana, Kimberly Manalili, Rachel J Jolley, Sandra Zelinsky, Hude Quan, Mingshan Lu
BACKGROUND: Globally, health-care systems and organizations are looking to improve health system performance through the implementation of a person-centred care (PCC) model. While numerous conceptual frameworks for PCC exist, a gap remains in practical guidance on PCC implementation. METHODS: Based on a narrative review of the PCC literature, a generic conceptual framework was developed in collaboration with a patient partner, which synthesizes evidence, recommendations and best practice from existing frameworks and implementation case studies...
November 19, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150910/educating-youth-swine-exhibitors-on-influenza-a-virus-transmission-at-agricultural-fairs
#18
J M Nolting, J Midla, M S Whittington, S D Scheer, A S Bowman
Influenza A virus (IAV) is a major zoonotic pathogen that threatens global public health. Novel strains of influenza A viruses pose a significant risk to public health due to their pandemic potential, and transmission of influenza A viruses from animals to humans is an important mechanism in the generation and introduction of IAVs that threaten human health. The purpose of this descriptive correlational study was to develop real-life training scenarios to better inform swine exhibitors of the risks they may encounter when influenza A viruses are present in swine...
November 17, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149852/access-to-health-care-for-persons-with-disabilities-in-rural-south-africa
#19
R Vergunst, L Swartz, K-G Hem, A H Eide, H Mannan, M MacLachlan, G Mji, S H Braathen, M Schneider
BACKGROUND: Global research suggests that persons with disabilities face barriers when accessing health care services. Yet, information regarding the nature of these barriers, especially in low-income and middle-income countries is sparse. Rural contexts in these countries may present greater barriers than urban contexts, but little is known about access issues in such contexts. There is a paucity of research in South Africa looking at "triple vulnerability" - poverty, disability and rurality...
November 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149309/a-comparable-yardstick-adjusting-for-education-bias-in-south-african-health-system-responsiveness-ratings
#20
Laura Rossouw, Anja Smith
Health-system responsiveness (HSR) measures the experience of health-system users in terms of the non-clinical aspects of the health system. This has been operationalized as a measurable construct in multiple surveys and studies. According to the literature, reporting behaviour may vary systematically across socio-demographic characteristics. In this study we explore the association between education levels and reporting behaviour in terms of HSR in South Africa using data from the World Health Organization Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health for South Africa (WHO SAGE) conducted in 2007 and 2008...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
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