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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633661/prevalence-of-arthritis-according-to-age-sex-and-socioeconomic-status-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries-analysis-of-data-from-the-world-health-organization-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage-wave-1
#1
Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, S Cook, M T Leech, S J Bowe, P Kowal, N Naidoo, I N Ackerman, R S Page, S M Hosking, J A Pasco, M Mohebbi
BACKGROUND: In higher income countries, social disadvantage is associated with higher arthritis prevalence; however, less is known about arthritis prevalence or determinants in low to middle income countries (LMICs). We assessed arthritis prevalence by age and sex, and marital status and occupation, as two key parameters of socioeconomic position (SEP), using data from the World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). METHODS: SAGE Wave 1 (2007-10) includes nationally-representative samples of older adults (≥50 yrs), plus smaller samples of adults aged 18-49 yrs...
June 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632080/lesbian-disclosure-and-health-care-seeking-in-the-united-states-a-replication-study
#2
Melissa St Pierre
The current study explored factors associated with lesbian disclosure to health care providers (HCPs) and engagement in preventative health behaviors by replicating and extending a Canadian path analysis study with a sample of U.S. lesbians. Both patient (education, feminism, global outness, and internalized homophobia) and HCP-related (lesbian-friendly HCPs and patient comfort) factors were either directly or indirectly associated with disclosure and engagement in preventative health behaviors, including avoidance of health-compromising behaviors (e...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632011/essential-public-health-competencies-for-medical-students-establishing-a-consensus-in-family-medicine
#3
Christopher P Morley, Scott R Rosas, Ranit Mishori, William Jordan, Yumi Shitama Jarris, Family Medicine/Public Health Competencies Work Group, Jacob Prunuske
Phenomenon: The integration of public health (PH) competency training into medical education, and further integration of PH and primary care, has been urged by the U.S. Institute of Medicine. However, PH competencies are numerous, and no consensus exists over which competencies are most important for adoption by current trainees. Our objective was to conduct a group concept mapping exercise with stakeholders identifying the most important and feasible PH skills to incorporate in medical and residency curricula...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631003/yoga-physical-therapy-or-education-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-noninferiority-trial
#4
Robert B Saper, Chelsey Lemaster, Anthony Delitto, Karen J Sherman, Patricia M Herman, Ekaterina Sadikova, Joel Stevans, Julia E Keosaian, Christian J Cerrada, Alexandra L Femia, Eric J Roseen, Paula Gardiner, Katherine Gergen Barnett, Carol Faulkner, Janice Weinberg
Background: Yoga is effective for mild to moderate chronic low back pain (cLBP), but its comparative effectiveness with physical therapy (PT) is unknown. Moreover, little is known about yoga's effectiveness in underserved patients with more severe functional disability and pain. Objective: To determine whether yoga is noninferior to PT for cLBP. Design: 12-week, single-blind, 3-group randomized noninferiority trial and subsequent 40-week maintenance phase...
June 20, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630874/mental-and-reproductive-health-correlates-of-academic-performance-among-debre-berhan-university-female-students-ethiopia-the-case-of-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder
#5
Sisay Mulugeta Alemu, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Yohannes Gebreegziabhere Haile
BACKGROUND: Globally 3 to 8% of reproductive age women are suffering from premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). Several mental and reproductive health-related factors cause low academic achievement during university education. However, limited data exist in Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to investigate mental and reproductive health correlates of academic performance. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted with 667 Debre Berhan University female students from April to June 2015...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630291/global-sustainable-development-priorities-500-y-after-luther-sola-schola-et-sanitate
#6
Wolfgang Lutz
Martin Luther succinctly summarized his theology in sola statements, such as sola scriptura, viewing the Bible (scriptura) as the only valid source of information about God rather than what he viewed as the extraneous, corrupting church doctrine of the time. As a secular side effect of this focus on individual reading skills, the Protestant territories were the first to acquire high literacy rates, which subsequently fostered health, economic growth, and good governance. Here I argue that a similar priority focus on empowerment of all segments of all populations through education and health (sola schola et sanitate) is needed today for sustainable development...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629879/prediction-of-cognition-in-parkinson-s-disease-with-a-clinical-genetic-score-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-nine-cohorts
#7
Ganqiang Liu, Joseph J Locascio, Jean-Christophe Corvol, Brendon Boot, Zhixiang Liao, Kara Page, Daly Franco, Kyle Burke, Iris E Jansen, Ana Trisini-Lipsanopoulos, Sophie Winder-Rhodes, Caroline M Tanner, Anthony E Lang, Shirley Eberly, Alexis Elbaz, Alexis Brice, Graziella Mangone, Bernard Ravina, Ira Shoulson, Florence Cormier-Dequaire, Peter Heutink, Jacobus J van Hilten, Roger A Barker, Caroline H Williams-Gray, Johan Marinus, Clemens R Scherzer
BACKGROUND: Cognitive decline is a debilitating manifestation of disease progression in Parkinson's disease. We aimed to develop a clinical-genetic score to predict global cognitive impairment in patients with the disease. METHODS: In this longitudinal analysis, we built a prediction algorithm for global cognitive impairment (defined as Mini Mental State Examination [MMSE] ≤25) using data from nine cohorts of patients with Parkinson's disease from North America and Europe assessed between 1986 and 2016...
June 16, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628476/differences-in-physical-activity-eating-habits-and-risk-of-obesity-among-kuwaiti-adolescent-boys-and-girls-a-population-based-study
#8
Hanan E Badr, S Fatima Lakha, Peter Pennefather
The study aimed to assess gender differences among Kuwaiti adolescents in healthy living choices that impact the risk of obesity. A cross-sectional multistage cluster design was employed with a representative sample of 2672 students aged 13-15 years who completed a self-administered Global School-based Student Health (GSHS) survey. The study found that around 48.0% of adolescents were overweight and obese. More boys than girls were obese (28.2% vs. 22.3%, p < 0.0001). However, boys were more likely than girls to report healthy food choices regarding fruit (38...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628075/using-the-nln-faculty-preparation-for-global-experiences-toolkit-for-successful-application-for-the-fulbright-scholar-award
#9
Zepure Samawi, Lisa Capps, Ruth Hansen
With an increasingly global world and the migration of diverse populations, nurse faculty have opportunities to learn and share varied perspectives through involvement internationally in research, teaching, and practice. The National League for Nursing (NLN) joins with the World Health Organization and the International Council of Nurses to promote international nursing standards. One way in which nursing faculty can contribute to this goal is by pursuing international education, research, and service as a Fulbright scholar...
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619782/what-stage-are-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-lmics-at-with-patient-safety-curriculum-implementation-and-what-are-the-barriers-to-implementation-a-two-stage-cross-sectional-study
#10
Liane R Ginsburg, Neelam Dhingra-Kumar, Liam J Donaldson
OBJECTIVES: The improvement of safety in healthcare worldwide depends in part on the knowledge, skills and attitudes of staff providing care. Greater patient safety content in health professional education and training programmes has been advocated internationally. While WHO Patient Safety Curriculum Guides (for Medical Schools and Multi-Professional Curricula) have been widely disseminated in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) over the last several years, little is known about patient safety curriculum implementation beyond high-income countries...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619413/visiting-trainees-in-global-settings-host-and-partner-perspectives-on-desirable-competencies
#11
William Cherniak, Emily Latham, Barbara Astle, Geoffrey Anguyo, Tessa Beaunoir, Joel Buenaventura, Matthew DeCamp, Karla Diaz, Quentin Eichbaum, Marius Hedimbi, Cat Myser, Charles Nwobu, Katherine Standish, Jessica Evert
BACKGROUND: Current competencies in global health education largely reflect perspectives from high-income countries (HICs). Consequently, there has been underrepresentation of the voices and perspectives of partners in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) who supervise and mentor trainees engaged in short-term experiences in global health (STEGH). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to better understand the competencies and learning objectives that are considered a priority from the perspective of partners in LMICs...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619411/where-we-fall-down-tensions-in-teaching-social-medicine-and-global-health
#12
Amy Finnegan, Michelle Morse, Marisa Nadas, Michael Westerhaus
BACKGROUND: As global health interest has risen, so too has the relevance of education on the social determinants of health and health equity. Social medicine offers a particularly salient framework for educating on the social determinants of health, health disparities, and health equity. SocMed and EqualHealth, 2 unique but related organizations, offer annual global health courses in Uganda, Haiti, and the United States, which train students to understand and respond to the social determinants of health through praxis, self-reflection and self-awareness, and building collaborative partnerships across difference...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619402/global-health-values-of-a-multidirectional-near-peer-training-program-in-surgery-pathology-anatomy-research-methodology-and-medical-education-for-haitian-rwandan-and-canadian-medical-students
#13
Malik Elharram, Trish Dinh, Annie Lalande, Susan Ge, Sophie Gao, Geoffroy Noël
BACKGROUND: As health care delivery increasingly requires providers to cross international borders, medical students at McGill University, Canada, developed a multidirectional exchange program with Haiti and Rwanda. The program integrates surgery, pathology, anatomy, research methodology, and medical education. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore the global health value of this international training program to improve medical education within the environment of developing countries, such as Haiti and Rwanda, while improving sociocultural learning of Canadian students...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617776/-employment-status-and-perceived-health-in-italy-data-from-the-european-union-statistics-on-income-and-living-conditions-eu-silc-longitudinal-study
#14
Silvia Bacci, Marco Seracini, Manuela Chiavarini, Francesco Bartolucci, Liliana Minelli
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between employment status (permanent employment, fixed-term employment, unemployment, other) and perceived health status in a sample of the Italian population. Data was obtained from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Condition (EU-SILC) study during the period 2009 - 2012. The sample consists of 4,848 individuals, each with a complete record of observations during four years for a total of 19,392 observations. The causal relationship between perceived/self-reported health status and employment status was tested using a global logit model (STATA)...
March 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617194/impact-of-online-toxicology-training-on-health-professionals-the-global-educational-toxicology-uniting-project-getup
#15
Anselm Wong, Rais Vohra, Andrew H Dawson, Andrew Stolbach
OBJECTIVE: The Global Educational Toxicology Uniting Project (GETUP), supported by the American College of Medical Toxicology, links countries with and without toxicology services via distance education with the aim to improve education. Due to the lack of toxicology services in some countries there is a knowledge gap in the management of poisonings. We describe our experience with the worldwide delivery of an online introductory toxicology curriculum to emergency doctors and other health professionals treating poisoned patients...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616965/inter-sectoral-bisphenol-a-bpa-flows-in-the-2012-chinese-economy
#16
Daqian Jiang, Wei-Qiang Chen, Wei Liu, Marian Chertow
Bisphenol A (BPA), a widely used petrochemical compound, has become an emerging global environmental management challenge because its leakage is associated with potential environmental and human health impacts. Until now, available BPA statistics have been limited to the products that directly use BPA. In this study, we delineate direct and indirect flows for the 2012 Chinese economy. We find that construction, production of educational and recreational products, and automobile manufacturing are the most BPA-intensive sectors in terms of total BPA flows (300, 157, and 130 Gg total BPA flows respectively)...
June 15, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616495/zoos-and-public-health-a-partnership-on-the-one-health-frontier
#17
C Robinette, L Saffran, A Ruple, S L Deem
Today, accredited zoos are not just places for entertainment, they are actively involved in research for conservation and health. During recent decades in which the challenges for biodiversity conservation and public health have escalated, zoos have made significant changes to address these difficulties. Zoos increasingly have four key areas of focus: education, recreation, conservation, and research. These key areas are important in addressing an interrelated global conservation (i.e. habitat and wildlife loss) and public health crisis...
June 2017: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616492/the-role-of-environmental-health-in-one-health-a-uganda-perspective
#18
David Musoke, Rawlance Ndejjo, Edwinah Atusingwize, Abdullah Ali Halage
BACKGROUND: One Health is the integrative effort of multiple disciplines working locally, nationally and globally to attain optimal health for people, animals and the environment. As the human population continues to increase across the world, the interface of people, animals and the environment becomes more significant and impactful. For the past few years, the One Health concept has brought together experts in the areas of animal and human health. It has provided a new synthesis for public health and veterinary communities across the world...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615262/predictors-of-anemia-in-women-of-reproductive-age-biomarkers-reflecting-inflammation-and-nutritional-determinants-of-anemia-brinda-project
#19
REVIEW
James P Wirth, Bradley A Woodruff, Reina Engle-Stone, Sorrel Ml Namaste, Victor J Temple, Nicolai Petry, Barbara Macdonald, Parminder S Suchdev, Fabian Rohner, Grant J Aaron
Background: Anemia in women of reproductive age (WRA) (age range: 15-49 y) remains a public health problem globally, and reducing anemia in women by 50% by 2025 is a goal of the World Health Assembly.Objective: We assessed the associations between anemia and multiple proximal risk factors (e.g., iron and vitamin A deficiencies, inflammation, malaria, and body mass index) and distal risk factors (e.g., education status, household sanitation and hygiene, and urban or rural residence) in nonpregnant WRA.Design: Cross-sectional, nationally representative data from 10 surveys (n = 27,018) from the Biomarkers Reflecting Inflammation and Nutritional Determinants of Anemia (BRINDA) project were analyzed individually and pooled by the infection burden and risk in the country...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614441/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-minor-psychiatric-disorders-in-hospital-housekeeping-workers
#20
Cintia da Silva Marconato, Ana Carolina de Souza Magnago, Tânia Solange Bosi de Souza Magnago, Graziele de Lima Dalmolin, Rafaela Andolhe, Juliana Petri Tavares
OBJECTIVE: Investigating the prevalence and factors associated with minor psychiatric disorders (MPDs) in Hospital housekeeping workers. METHOD: A cross-sectional study carried out in 2013 with workers from the cleaning service of a public university hospital in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected through a form containing sociodemographic, occupational, habits and health variables. The Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 was used in order to evaluate MPDs...
June 12, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
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