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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229917/factors-related-to-self-directed-learning-readiness-of-students-in-health-professional-programs-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Craig E Slater, Anne Cusick
BACKGROUND: Academic and professional drivers have stimulated interest in self-directed learning of students in pre-certification health professional programs. Particular attention has focussed on factors which may influence a students' readiness for self-directed learning. METHOD: A five stage structured scoping review of published literature was conducted to identify measures of self-directed learning readiness used with students in pre-certification health professional programs and those factors that have been investigated as potential determinants...
February 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229320/primary-headache-disorders-in-the-adult-general-population-of-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-nationwide-prevalence-survey
#2
A A Herekar, A Ahmad, U L Uqaili, B Ahmed, J Effendi, S Z Alvi, M A Shahab, U Javed, A D Herekar, Rafiq Khanani, T J Steiner
BACKGROUND: The large geographical gaps in our knowledge of the prevalence and burden of headache disorders include almost all of Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). We report a nationwide population-based study in Pakistan, an EMR country with the sixth largest population in the world, conducted as a project within the Global Campaign against Headache. METHODS: We surveyed six locations from the four provinces of Pakistan: Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Baluchistan...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228453/impaired-health-status-psychological-distress-and-personality-in-women-and-men-with-nonobstructive-coronary-artery-disease-sex-and-gender-differences-the-twist-tweesteden-mild-stenosis-study
#3
Paula M C Mommersteeg, Lindy Arts, Wobbe Zijlstra, Jos W Widdershoven, Wilbert Aarnoudse, Johan Denollet
BACKGROUND: Patients with nonobstructive coronary artery disease (NOCAD; wall irregularities, stenosis <60%), and women with NOCAD in particular, remain underinvestigated. We examined sex and gender (S&G) differences in health status, psychological distress, and personality between patients with NOCAD and the general population, as well as S&G differences within the NOCAD population. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 523 patients with NOCAD (61±9 years, 52% women) were included via coronary angiography and computed tomography as part of the TWIST (Tweesteden Mild Stenosis) study...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228370/enhancing-doctors-competencies-in-communication-with-and-activation-of-older-patients-the-promoting-active-aging-practa-computer-based-intervention-study
#4
Dorota Wlodarczyk, Joanna Chylińska, Magdalena Lazarewicz, Marta Rzadkiewicz, Mariusz Jaworski, Miroslawa Adamus, Gørill Haugan, Monica Lillefjell, Geir Arild Espnes
BACKGROUND: Demographic changes over the past decades call for the promotion of health and disease prevention for older patients, as well as strategies to enhance their independence, productivity, and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine the effects of a computer-based educational intervention designed for general practitioners (GPs) to promote active aging. METHODS: The Promoting Active Aging (PRACTA) study consisted of a baseline questionnaire, implementation of an intervention, and a follow-up questionnaire that was administered 1 month after the intervention...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225781/chronic-pain-depression-and-cardiovascular-disease-linked-through-a-shared-genetic-predisposition-analysis-of-a-family-based-cohort-and-twin-study
#5
Oliver van Hecke, Lynne J Hocking, Nicola Torrance, Archie Campbell, Sandosh Padmanabhan, David J Porteous, Andrew M McIntosh, Andrea V Burri, Haruka Tanaka, Frances M K Williams, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Depression and chronic pain are the two most important causes of disability (Global Burden of Disease Study 2013). They occur together more frequently than expected and both conditions have been shown to be co-morbid with cardiovascular disease. Although shared socio-demographic risk factors (e.g. gender, deprivation) might explain the co-morbidity of these three conditions, we hypothesised that these three long-term, highly prevalent conditions co-occur and may be due to shared familial risk, and/or genetic factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225463/doctors-without-borders
#6
Val Wass, Lesley Southgate
The unprecedented demands of patient and population priorities created by globalization and escalating health and social inequities will not be met unless medical education changes. Educators have failed to move fast enough to create an education framework that meets current population needs. A new common set of professional values around global social accountability is necessary. Education borders must be broken down at three levels-societal-institutional, interpersonal, and individual.At a societal-institutional level, global health must be embraced as part of a philosophy of population needs, human rights, equity, and justice...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222781/the-complex-interplay-between-clinical-and-person-centered-diabetes-outcomes-in-the-two-genders
#7
Maria Chiara Rossi, Giuseppe Lucisano, Basilio Pintaudi, Angela Bulotta, Sandro Gentile, Marco Scardapane, Soren Eik Skovlund, Giacomo Vespasiani, Antonio Nicolucci
BACKGROUND: New approaches to cope with clinical and psychosocial aspects of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are needed; gender influences the complex interplay between clinical and non-clinical factors. We used data from the BENCH-D study to assess gender-differences in terms of clinical and person-centered measures in T2DM. METHODS: Clinical quality of care indicators relative to control of HbA1c, lipid profile, blood pressure, and BMI were derived from electronic medical records...
February 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218935/family-medicine-global-health-fellowship-competencies-a-modified-delphi-study
#8
Fadya El Rayess, Anna Filip, Anna Doubeni, Calvin Wilson, Cynthia Haq, Marc Debay, Gowri Anandarajah, Warren Heffron, Neil Jayasekera, Paul Larson, Bruce Dahlman, Olga Valdman, Vince Hunt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Many US medical schools and family medicine departments have responded to a growing interest in global health by developing global health fellowships. However, there are no guidelines or consensus statements outlining competencies for global health fellows. Our objective was to develop a mission and core competencies for Family Medicine Global Health Fellowships. METHODS: A modified Delphi technique was used to develop consensus on fellowship competencies...
February 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218340/world-health-organization-global-disability-action-plan-the-mongolian-perspective
#9
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Baljnnyam Avirmed, Yoon Kyoung Yi, Batchimeg Shirmen, Geoff Abbott, Mary P Galea
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update on disability and rehabilitation in Mongolia, and to identify potential barriers and facilitators for implementation of the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Disability Action Plan (GDAP). METHODS: A 4-member rehabilitation team from the Royal Melbourne Hospital conducted an intensive 6-day workshop at the Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, for local healthcare professionals (n = 77) from medical rehabilitation facilities (urban/rural, public/private) and non-governmental organizations...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217591/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-hypertension-among-urban-communities-of-north-sudan-detecting-a-silent-killer
#10
Sarra O Bushara, Sufian K Noor, Abd Alaziz H Ibraheem, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Mohamed H Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a common global health problem in many countries including Sudan. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for high blood pressure (BP) in River Nile State (RNS), Sudan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional study was conducted by a house-to-house survey; all consented adults from the main four cities, Atbara, Shendi, Ed Damer, and Berber, were interviewed using standardized pretested questionnaire to record medical history, sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217588/promotion-of-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-a-rural-area-of-south-india-a-community-based-study
#11
Nagapraveen Veerapu, P Subramaniyan, B A Praveenkumar, G Arun
INTRODUCTION: Globally, billions of people do not have access to improved sanitation and many defecate in the open air. Poor hand washing practices and limited access to sanitation facilities perpetuate the transmission of disease-causing germs. The objectives of the study were to find out the level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAPs) on sanitary latrine, footwear, and hand washing among rural people and to assess the improvement in KAP after health education intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A health education intervention study was conducted from November 2012 to January 2014 in a rural area of Kuppam, Andhra Pradesh, South India among the people aged 15 years and above...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217587/is-small-town-india-falling-into-the-nutritional-trap-of-metro-cities-a-study-in-school-going-adolescents
#12
Tabassum Nawab, Zulfia Khan, Iqbal Mohammed Khan, Mohammed Athar Ansari
INTRODUCTION: There has been an increasing secular trend in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in developing countries. The prevalence reported among children and adolescents of some metro cities in India are comparable to that in some developed countries. Westernization of culture, rapid mushrooming of fast food joints, lack of physical activity, and increasing sedentary pursuits in the metro cities are some of the reasons implicated for this. The nutritional changes in small town school children might be following the same pattern of larger cities...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216369/role-of-socio-cultural-and-economic-factors-in-cyprinid-fish-distribution-networks-and-consumption-in-lawa-lake-region-northeast-thailand-novel-perspectives-on-opisthorchis-viverrini-transmission-dynamics
#13
Christina Sunyoung Kim, John F Smith, Apiporn Suwannatrai, Pierre Echaubard, Bruce Wilcox, Sasithorn Kaewkes, Paiboon Sithithaworn, Banchob Sripa
Opisthorchis viverrini (Ov) is a fish-borne parasite endemic in parts of Lao PDR, Cambodia, southern Vietnam and Northeast Thailand (Isaan) where an estimated 10 million people are infected. Human Ov infection, associated with hepatobiliary complications, including cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), occurs when infected fish are consumed raw or undercooked, a longstanding cultural tradition in the region. This mixed- methods descriptive study was carried out in Isaan villages around Lawa Lake, Khon Kaen Province, known for their Ov endemicity...
February 16, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216189/rotavirus-immunization-global-coverage-and-local-barriers-for-implementation
#14
Andrea Lo Vecchio, Ilaria Liguoro, Jorge Amil Dias, James A Berkley, Chris Boey, Mitchell B Cohen, Sylvia Cruchet, Eduardo Salazar-Lindo, Samir Podder, Bhupinder Sandhu, Philip M Sherman, Toshiaki Shimizu, Alfredo Guarino
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus (RV) is a major agent of gastroenteritis and an important cause of child death worldwide. Immunization (RVI) has been available since 2006, and the Federation of International Societies of Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN) identified RVI as a top priority for the control of diarrheal illness. A FISPGHAN working group on acute diarrhea aimed at estimating the current RVI coverage worldwide and identifying barriers to implementation at local level...
February 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215922/early-postdischarge-stop-hf-clinic-reduces-30-day-readmissions-in-old-and-frail-patients-with-heart-failure
#15
Cristina Pacho, Mar Domingo, Raquel Núñez, Josep Lupón, Pedro Moliner, Marta de Antonio, Beatriz González, Javier Santesmases, Emili Vela, Jordi Tor, Antoni Bayes-Genis
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Heart failure (HF) is associated with a high rate of readmissions within 30 days postdischarge. Strategies to lower readmission rates generally show modest results. To reduce readmission rates, we developed a STructured multidisciplinary outpatient clinic for Old and frail Postdischarge patients hospitalized for HF (STOP-HF-Clinic). METHODS: This prospective all-comers study enrolled patients discharged from internal medicine or geriatric wards after HF hospitalization...
February 16, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212400/surveys-of-public-knowledge-and-attitudes-with-regard-to-antibiotics-in-poland-did-the-european-antibiotic-awareness-day-campaigns-change-attitudes
#16
Beata Mazińska, Izabela Strużycka, Waleria Hryniewicz
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a global public health problem. Monitoring the level of knowledge regarding antibiotics is a part of the European Union Community strategy against antimicrobial resistance. OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge by the general public in Poland regarding antibiotics, AMR, and the impact of the European Antibiotic Awareness Day campaigns. METHODS: The repeated cross-sectional study was developed and carried out among the general public in Poland (in 5 waves between 2009 and 2011, embracing a total of 5004 respondents)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209154/factors-associated-with-child-hunger-among-food-insecure-households-in-bangladesh
#17
Md Ahshanul Haque, Fahmida Dil Farzana, Sabiha Sultana, Mohammad Jyoti Raihan, Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman, Jillian L Waid, Nuzhat Choudhury, Tahmeed Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Hunger is associated with food insecurity at the household level and is considered as a global public health problem with long term adverse consequences on children's health. This study aims to determine the factors associated with child hunger from a nationally representative sample in Bangladesh among food insecure households. METHODS: Data was derived from the Food Security and Nutritional Surveillance Project; 14,712 children aged 6-59 months belonging to food insecure households contributed to the analysis...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207962/validating-an-electronic-health-literacy-scale-in-an-older-hispanic-population
#18
Judith Aponte, Kathleen M Nokes
AIM: Examine the validity of the Spanish version of an instrument used to measure electronic health literacy (eHEALS) with an older Hispanic population from a number of Spanish-language countries living in New York City in the United States (US). BACKGROUND: Although the internet is available globally, complex skills are needed in order to use this source of valuable health-related information effectively. Electronic health literacy is a multifactorial concept that includes health literacy but also requires technology skills...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207328/socioeconomic-determinants-of-sodium-intake-in-adult-populations-of-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Carlos de Mestral, Ana-Lucia Mayén, Dusan Petrovic, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Murielle Bochud, Silvia Stringhini
BACKGROUND: A poorer quality diet among individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) may partly explain the higher burden of noncommunicable disease among disadvantaged populations. Because there is a link between sodium intake and noncommunicable diseases, we systematically reviewed the current evidence on the social patterning of sodium intake. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the evidence on the association between SES and sodium intake in healthy adult populations of high-income countries...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202926/dental-public-health-capacity-worldwide-results-of-a-global-survey
#20
Marta Lomazzi, Valerie Wordley, Raman Bedi
The World Federation of Public Health Associations' Oral Health Working Group (WFPHA OHWG) carried out a survey to establish the extent of global dental public health (DPH) capacity. Senior stakeholders in DPH completed 124 surveys, covering 73 countries and all WHO regions. The survey evaluated DPH workforce within the country, funding, education, current services, and integration between public health and DPH in countries across the world. In 62 per cent of countries, DPH is only partially integrated in the public health system, while in 25 per cent of countries it has not yet been formally integrated...
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
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