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cervical cancer developing countries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145414/five-year-survival-and-associated-factors-in-women-treated-for-cervical-cancer-at-a-reference-hospital-in-the-brazilian-amazon
#1
Saul Rassy Carneiro, Marcela de Araújo Fagundes, Pricila de Jesus Oliveira do Rosário, Laura Maria Tomazi Neves, Givago da Silva Souza, Maria da Conceição Nascimento Pinheiro
Cervical cancer (CC) is the most common type of cancer in women and is the third leading cause of death in most developing countries, causing more than 288,000 deaths in women worldwide each year. The most favourable survival rate is in developed countries, since CC mortality has recently declined in those countries. The purpose of this study was to determine the survival rate and associated factors of CC patients at a reference hospital in the Amazon region. The patient sample included records of 339 patients with cervical cancer who had been hospitalized in Belém, Pará, Brazil from January 2005 to December 2010; the socioeconomic and clinical data were collected between June and September 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118826/prevalence-of-hpv-infection-in-hypopharyngeal-and-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-at-thailand-s-largest-tertiary-referral-center
#2
Warut Pongsapich, Nitathip Eakkasem, Sontana Siritantikorn, Paveena Pithuksurachai, Kshidej Bongsabhikul, Cheerasook Chongkolwatana
Background: Following the well-established relationship between human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical carcinoma, the carcinogenicity of this virus has also been confirmed in subsets of head and neck carcinoma (HNCA), but mainly in the oropharynx. Other subsites of HNCA with less known association to HPV have never been studied in Thailand. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of HPV DNA in hypopharyngeal and laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma in Thai population...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118476/age-and-pattern-of-pap-smear-abnormalities-implications-for-cervical-cancer-control-in-a-developing-country
#3
Adepiti Clement Akinfolarin, Ajenifuja Kayode Olusegun, Okunola Omoladun, G O Omoniyi-Esan, Uche Onwundiegu
Aim: To characterize the age and pattern of Pap smear abnormalities in a major teaching hospital in Southwestern Nigeria. Design: This is a review of medical records of patients that came for cervical cancer screening. Materials and Methods: The Pap smear results of women between May 2013 and April 2015 were retrieved. A total of 2048 Pap smear results were retrieved during the study period and analyzed with Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20...
October 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111259/cancer-incidence-and-mortality-among-young-adults-aged-20-39-years-worldwide-in-2012-a-population-based-study
#4
Miranda M Fidler, Sumit Gupta, Isabelle Soerjomataram, Jacques Ferlay, Eva Steliarova-Foucher, Freddie Bray
BACKGROUND: To date, the burden of cancer among young adults has rarely been studied in depth. Our aim was to describe the scale and profile of cancer incidence and mortality worldwide among 20-39 year-olds, highlighting major patterns by age, sex, development level, and geographical region. METHODS: We did a population-based study to quantify the burden of young adult cancers worldwide. We defined young adult cancers as those occurring between the ages of 20 and 39 years because these individuals will have passed puberty and adolescence, but not yet experienced the effects of hormonal decline, immune response deterioration, or organ dysfunction associated with chronic health conditions...
October 27, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103242/prevalence-and-genotype-distribution-of-hpv-types-in-women-at-risk-for-cervical-neoplasia-in-israel
#5
Efraim Siegler, Maayan Shiner, Yakir Segev, Lena Mackuli, Nitza Lahat, Ofer Lavie
BACKGROUND: Invasive cervical cancer is caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence and genotype distribution of HPV types in women at risk for cervical neoplasia. METHODS: Our study summarized HPV types detected in 6654 samples that were sent to the serology laboratory from cervical clinics in northern Israel between 2006-2014. The HPV test was performed during investigation of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) results on Pap tests or due to complaints suggestive of cervical neoplasia...
October 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094102/project-echo-a-telementoring-program-for-cervical-cancer-prevention-and-treatment-in-low-resource-settings
#6
Melissa S Lopez, Ellen S Baker, Andrea M Milbourne, Rose M Gowen, Ana M Rodriguez, Cesaltina Lorenzoni, Catherine Mwaba, Susan Citonje Msadabwe, José Humberto Tavares, Georgia Fontes-Cintra, Gustavo Zucca-Matthes, Donato Callegaro-Filho, Danielle Ramos-Martin, Icaro Thiago de Carvalho, Robson Coelho, Renato Moretti Marques, Thiago Chulam, Mila Pontremoli-Salcedo, Fernanda Nozar, Veronica Fiol, Mauricio Maza, Sanjeev Arora, Ernest T Hawk, Kathleen M Schmeler
Cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates are significantly higher in low- and middle-income countries compared with the United States and other developed countries. This disparity is caused by decreased access to screening, often coupled with low numbers of trained providers offering cancer prevention and treatment services. However, similar disparities are also found in underserved areas of the United States, such as the Texas-Mexico border, where cervical cancer mortality rates are 30% higher than in the rest of Texas...
October 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094082/acceptability-of-human-papillomavirus-self-sampling-for-cervical-cancer-screening-in-an-indigenous-community-in-guatemala
#7
Anna Gottschlich, Alvaro Rivera-Andrade, Edwin Grajeda, Christian Alvarez, Carlos Mendoza Montano, Rafael Meza
Purpose: Cervical cancer rates in Latin America are higher than those in developed countries, likely because of the lower prevalence of screening. Specifically, less than 40% of women in Guatemala are regularly screened and even fewer women are screened in indigenous communities. Current screening strategies-Pap smears and visual inspection with acetic acid-might not be the most effective methods for controlling cancer in these settings. We thus investigated the potential of self-collection of cervical samples with testing for human papillomavirus (HPV) to help prevent cervical cancer in an indigenous community in Guatemala...
October 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077701/histology-as-prognostic-factor-in-early-stage-cervical-carcinoma-experience-in-a-third-level-institution
#8
Salim Abraham Barquet-Muñoz, Efraín Cruz-Rodríguez, David Francisco Cantú De León, David Isla-Ortiz, Gonzalo Montalvo-Esquivel, Luis Alonso Herrera-Montalvo, Carlos Pérez-Plasencia, Delia Pérez-Montiel, Ángel Herrera-Gómez
BACKGROUND: Cervical carcinoma (CC) is one of the most frequent neoplasms, especially in developing countries. The most common histopathological type is squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), followed by adenocarcinoma (AC) and adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC). Prognosis according to histological type is controversial. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to describe and compare the prognoses of the most common histologies of CC in the early stages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed records of patients attended at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología of Mexico with CC surgically treated Stages IA2-IB1 and IIA1, including the histological types SCC, AC, and ASC...
September 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077698/prevalence-of-human-papillomavirus-in-women-from-the-state-of-michoacan-mexico-showed-high-frequency-of-unusual-virus-genotypes
#9
Irvin Jácome-Galarza, María Ayumi Ito-Nakashimada, Gloria Figueroa-Aguilar, Ethel García-Latorre, M A Isabel Salazar, Eduardo López-Orduña, Alejandro D Camacho, Juan José Valdez-Alarcón, José Manuel Hernández, Gloria León-Avila
BACKGROUND: Human papillomaviruses (HPVs), the leading cause of cervical cancer, are distributed worldwide, with high prevalence in developing countries. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to know the prevalence and genotypes of HPV in women from the state of Michoacán and the Women's Hospital in Morelia, Michoacán. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cervical smear samples (159,288) were subjected to HPV detection by hybrid capture 2. A subsample of 484 patients from the Women's Hospital was studied by Papanicolaou test and linear array HPV genotyping, and when positive, patients were also examined by colposcopy and histopathology...
September 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066085/delineating-the-relationship-between-point-a-prescription-dose-and-pelvic-lymph-node-doses-in-intracavitary-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-treatment-of-cervical-cancer-for-use-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#10
John Weaver, Grant Harmon, Matthew M Harkenrider, Murat Surucu, Abbie Wood, Fiori Alite, William Small
PURPOSE: To define the relationship between the Point A prescription dose and the dose delivered to various pelvic lymph node groups during high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy treatment of cervical cancer. In less developed countries, brachytherapy is often done without three-dimensional image guidance, instead relying on plain radiography and prescription to Point A. A defined relationship between Point A dose and lymph node doses would help physicians in these health care settings to more accurately estimate nodal doses...
October 21, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040965/distribution-of-cancer-mortality-rates-by-province-in-south-africa
#11
Felix Made, Kerry Wilson, Ruxana Jina, Nonhlanhla Tlotleng, Samantha Jack, Vusi Ntlebi, Tahira Kootbodien
INTRODUCTION: Cancer mortality rates are expected to increase in developing countries. Cancer mortality rates by province remain largely unreported in South Africa. This study described the 2014 age standardised cancer mortality rates by province in South Africa, to provide insight for strategic interventions and advocacy. METHODS: 2014 deaths data were retrieved from Statistics South Africa. Deaths from cancer were extracted using 10th International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes for cancer (C00-C97)...
October 14, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037457/epidemiology-and-burden-of-hpv-related-disease
#12
REVIEW
Beatriz Serrano, María Brotons, Francesc Xavier Bosch, Laia Bruni
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is recognized as one of the major causes of infection-related cancer in both men and women. High-risk HPV types are not only responsible for virtually all cervical cancer cases but also for a fraction of cancers of the vulva, vagina, penis, anus, and head and neck cancers. Furthermore, HPV is also the cause of anogenital warts and recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. Despite the availability of multiple preventative strategies, HPV-related cancer remains a leading cause of morbi-mortality in many parts of the world, particularly in less developed countries...
September 2, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037233/cancer-incidence-in-germany-attributable-to-human-papillomavirus-in-2013
#13
Nina Buttmann-Schweiger, Yvonne Deleré, Stefanie J Klug, Klaus Kraywinkel
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that a total of 120,000 new cancer cases in men and in women in more developed countries could be avoided if exposure to HPV was prevented. We used the nationwide pool of German population-based cancer registry data to estimate the burden of HPV-attributable cancer in this population for the year 2013. METHODS: Incident cases of cervical cancer, squamous cell carcinoma of the anus, oropharynx (OP), as well as of the vulva, vagina and penis were classified as potentially HPV-associated and identified from the nationwide cancer registry data-pool...
October 16, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019326/epidemiology-and-outcomes-with-platinum-based-chemotherapy-in-recurrent-or-metastatic-carcinoma-cervix-in-a-developing-country-experience-from-a-tertiary-oncology-centre-in-southern-india
#14
K C Lakshmaiah, Aditi Harsh Thanky, D Lokanatha, K Govind Babu, Linu Jacob, Suresh Babu, A H Rudresha, K N Lokesh, L K Rajeev, Aparna Sridharmurthy
INTRODUCTION: Carcinoma cervix is the leading cause of cancer in Indian women. Recurrent/metastatic cervix is the most aggressive form of the disease. There is paucity of data in this setting in Indian women regarding outcomes with palliative chemotherapy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed hospital registry data between January 2013 and December 2014 for recurrent/metastatic carcinoma cervix patients who were planned for palliative chemotherapy and assessed their demographic parameters, response and survival outcomes with chemotherapy...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990460/amplification-of-specific-chromosomal-regions-assessed-by-fluorescent-in-situ-hybridization-on-pap-smears-to-be-added-as-screening-tool-for-identifying-women-at-risk-of-progressing-to-cervical-cancer
#15
Pavani Upendram, Shubhi Sahni, Khaliq Mohiuddin, Subhadra Poornima, Bhanumathy Gourishankar, Kiran Kumar Vattam, Pavani Boddala, E Jayashankar, Shakera Mohiuddin, Vasundhara Kamineni, Vasavi Mohan, Jane Houldsworth, Qurratulain Hasan
Cervical carcinoma is a frequent malignancy in developing countries despite being a preventable disease. For the first time, four screening tests were used simultaneously for identifying women with a risk of developing cervical cancer, to help clinicians and policy makers to implement the best strategy for reducing the burden of this disease. Women visiting a hospital in India were enrolled after institutional ethics clearance and informed consent. Visual inspection using acetic acid and Pap smear tests were performed on 2683 women, and 104 had abnormal cytology: atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (n = 29), low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (n = 41), high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (n = 17), and squamous cell carcinoma (n = 17)...
October 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979617/cervical-cancer-in-zimbabwe-a-situation-analysis
#16
Oppah Kuguyo, Alice Matimba, Nomsa Tsikai, Thulani Magwali, Mugove Madziyire, Muchabayiwa Gidiri, Collet Dandara, Charles Nhachi
INTRODUCTION: Despite the wide-spread availability of cervical cancer prevention and screening programs in developed countries, the morbidity and mortality rates of cervical cancer in Zimbabwe are still very high. Limited resources as well as the high HIV prevalence are contributors to the high burden of cervical cancer. This paper aims to analyse the policies, frameworks and current practices in the management of cervical cancer in Zimbabwe. METHODS: A review of national documents and published literature on cervical cancer prevention, screening, treatment and knowledge in Zimbabwe was done...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962557/characteristics-of-cervical-disease-among-symptomatic-women-with-histopathological-sample-at-hawassa-university-referral-hospital-southern-ethiopia
#17
Gemechu Ameya, Fekade Yerakly
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers of women in developing countries. It is also eminent cause of mortality and morbidity in women worldwide. Symptoms usually develop when the cancer has become invasive and invade nearby tissue. This has significant effect on treatment of cases in area where there is limited awareness. The aim of this study is to describe cervical disease among symptomatic women with a histhological sample at Hawassa University referral hospital, southern Ethiopia...
September 29, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960640/awareness-of-cervical-cancer-and-socio-demographic-variations-among-women-in-libya-an-exploratory-study-in-az-zawiya-city
#18
Nada Ab Hweissa, Tin Tin Su
Cervical cancer is still a public health problem worldwide, and almost 80% of cervical cancer cases occur in developing countries. In Libya, cervical cancer ranks as the third most frequent cancer among women. This paper presents the results of a study conducted to assess women's awareness of the symptoms and risk factors of cervical cancer and to identify socio-demographic variations in their level of awareness. A population-based cross-sectional survey was carried out in the city of Az-Zawiya, Libya from 1 January 2014 to 31 August 2014...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940341/the-case-for-resource-sensitivity-why-it-is-ethical-to-provide-cheaper-less-effective-treatments-in-global-health
#19
Govind C Persad, Ezekiel J Emanuel
When Dr. Hortense screens her patients in Chicago for cervical dysplasia and cancer, she conducts a pelvic exam, takes a sample of cervical cells, and sends them for Pap cytology and human papilloma virus DNA co-testing. But when she conducts cervical cancer screening in Botswana, she employs a much simpler diagnostic strategy. She applies acetic acid to highlight precancerous lesions and visually inspects the cervix-a technique known as the VIA (visual inspection with acetic acid) method. She treats suspicious lesions with cryotherapy...
September 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937544/trends-of-gynecological-cancers-in-turkey-toward-europe-or-asia
#20
Murat Gultekin, Irem Kucukyildiz, Mujdegul Zayifoglu Karaca, Selin Dundar, Guledal Boztas, Semra Hatice Turan, Ezgi Hacikamiloglu, Bekir Keskinkilic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate nationwide gynecological cancer trends in Turkey. METHODS: National cancer registry data (2009-2013) of Turkish Ministry of Health were evaluated. Ovarian, cervical, endometrial, vulvar, vaginal, and tubal cancers are evaluated with respect to age of diagnosis, incidence rates within years, stage, histological distributions, and mortality rates. Data were collected from active cancer registry centers, which increased from 23% in 2009 to 47...
October 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
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