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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223036/study-on-temperature-and-near-infrared-driving-characteristics-of-hydrogel-actuator-fabricated-via-molding-and-3d-printing
#1
Qian Zhao, Yunhong Liang, Lei Ren, Feng Qiu, Zhihui Zhang, Luquan Ren
A hydrogel material system which was fit for molding and 3D printing was developed to fabricate bilayer hydrogel actuators with controllable temperature and near infrared laser responses. Polymerization on interface boundary of layered structure enhanced the bonding strength of hydrogel actuators. By utilizing anisotropic of microstructure along with thickness direction, bilayer hydrogel actuators fabricated via molding realized intelligent bending/shrinking responses, which guided the preparation of hydrogel ink for 3D printing...
December 2, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220711/association-between-water-fluoride-and-the-level-of-children-s-intelligence-a-dose-response-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Q Duan, J Jiao, X Chen, X Wang
OBJECTIVES: Higher fluoride concentrations in water have inconsistently been associated with the levels of intelligence in children. The following study summarizes the available evidence regarding the strength of association between fluoridated water and children's intelligence. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were systematically analyzed from November 2016. Observational studies that have reported on intelligence levels in relation to high and low water fluoride contents, with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were included...
December 4, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220528/maternal-thyroid-function-in-early-pregnancy-and-neuropsychological-performance-of-the-child-at-5-years-of-age
#3
Stine Linding Andersen, Stig Andersen, Zeyan Liew, Peter Vestergaard, Jørn Olsen
Context: Abnormal maternal thyroid function in pregnancy may impair fetal brain development, but more evidence is needed to refine and corroborate the hypothesis. Objective: To estimate the association between maternal thyroid function in early pregnancy and neuropsychological performance of the child at 5 years of age. Design: Follow-up study. Participants: A cohort of 1,153 women and their children sampled from the Danish National Birth Cohort...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217685/scale-free-amplitude-modulation-of-neuronal-oscillations-tracks-comprehension-of-accelerated-speech
#4
Ana Filipa Teixeira Borges, Anne-Lise Giraud, Huibert D Mansvelder, Klaus Linkenkaer-Hansen
Speech comprehension is preserved up to a three-fold acceleration but rapidly deteriorates at higher speeds. Current models posit that perceptual resilience to accelerated speech is limited by the brain's ability to parse speech into syllabic units using delta/theta oscillations. Here, we ask whether the involvement of neuronal oscillations in processing accelerated speech also relates to their scale-free amplitude modulation as indexed by the strength of long-range temporal correlations (LRTC). We recorded magnetoencephalography (MEG) while 24 human subjects (12 females) listened to radio news uttered at different comprehensible rates, at a mostly unintelligible rate, and at this same speed interleaved with silence gaps...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215804/cognitive-function-and-neuropsychological-comorbidities-in-children-with-newly-diagnosed-idiopathic-epilepsy
#5
Seung Yun Lee, Jang Ho Park, Sin Jae Park, Yangho Kim, Kyung Yeon Lee
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to identify cognitive function and neuropsychological comorbidities in children with newly diagnosed idiopathic epilepsy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 97 antiepileptic drug-naïve children (9.7 ± 2.9 years; 54 males and 43 females) with newly diagnosed idiopathic epilepsy, all of whom underwent a neuropsychological battery. The battery consisted of the Korean Wechsler Intelligence Scale, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Rating Scale, ADHD Diagnostic System, Children's Depression Inventory, and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215763/breast-cancer-the-translation-of-big-genomic-data-to-cancer-precision-medicine
#6
REVIEW
Siew-Kee Low, Hitoshi Zembutsu, Yusuke Nakamura
Cancer is a complex genetic disease that consequence from the accumulation of genomic alterations, in which germline variations predispose individuals to cancer and somatic alterations initiate and trigger the progression of cancer. For the past two decades, genomic research has advanced remarkably, evolving from single-gene to whole-genome screening by using genome-wide association study (GWAS) and next generation sequencing (NGS) that contributing to big genomic data. International collaborative efforts have contributed in curating these data to identify clinically significant alterations that could be used in the clinical settings...
December 7, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215031/a-mechanistic-model-of-human-recall-of-social-network-structure-and-relationship-affect
#7
Elisa Omodei, Matthew E Brashears, Alex Arenas
The social brain hypothesis argues that the need to deal with social challenges was key to our evolution of high intelligence. Research with non-human primates as well as experimental and fMRI studies in humans produce results consistent with this claim, leading to an estimate that human primary groups should consist of roughly 150 individuals. Gaps between this prediction and empirical observations can be partially accounted for using "compression heuristics", or schemata that simplify the encoding and recall of social information...
December 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214716/psychometric-assessment-of-the-spiritual-climate-scale-arabic-version-for-nurses-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Jonas Preposi Cruz, Hamdan Mohammad Albaqawi, Sami Melbes Alharbi, Jerico G Alicante, Luciano M Vitorino, Hamzeh Y Abunab
AIM: To assess the psychometric properties of the Spiritual Climate Scale Arabic version for Saudi nurses. BACKGROUND: Evidence showed that a high level of spiritual climate in the workplace is associated with increased productivity and performance, enhanced emotional intelligence, organisational commitment and job satisfaction among nurses. METHOD: A convenient sample of 165 Saudi nurses was surveyed in this descriptive, cross-sectional study...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214307/single-word-speech-intelligibility-in-children-and-adults-with-down-syndrome
#9
Alyssa Wild, Houri K Vorperian, Ray D Kent, Daniel M Bolt, Diane Austin
Purpose: A single-word identification test was used to study speech production in children and adults with Down syndrome (DS) to determine the developmental pattern of speech intelligibility with an emphasis on vowels. Method: Speech recordings were collected from 62 participants with DS aged 4-40 years and 25 typically developing participants aged 4-7 years. Panels of 5 adult lay listeners transcribed the speech recordings orthographically, and their responses were scored in comparison with the speakers' target words...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212480/the-effect-of-nursing-participation-in-the-design-of-a-critical-care-information-system-a-case-study-in-a-chinese-hospital
#10
Yanhong Qin, Ranyun Zhou, Qiong Wu, Xiaodi Huang, Xinli Chen, Weiwei Wang, Xun Wang, Hua Xu, Jing Zheng, Siyu Qian, Changqing Bai, Ping Yu
BACKGROUND: Intensive care information systems (ICIS) are continuously evolving to meet the ever changing information needs of intensive care units (ICUs), providing the backbone for a safe, intelligent and efficient patient care environment. Although beneficial for the international advancement in building smart environments to transform ICU services, knowledge about the contemporary development of ICIS worldwide, their usage and impacts is limited. This study aimed to fill this knowledge gap by researching the development and implementation of an ICIS in a Chinese hospital, nurses' use of the system, and the impact of system use on critical care nursing processes and outcomes...
December 6, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206685/intelligence-and-specific-cognitive-functions-in-intellectual-disability-implications-for-assessment-and-classification
#11
Marco O Bertelli, Sally-Ann Cooper, Luis Salvador-Carulla
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Current diagnostic criteria for intellectual disability categorize ability as measured by IQ tests. However, this does not suit the new conceptualization of intellectual disability, which refers to a range of neuropsychiatric syndromes that have in common early onset, cognitive impairments, and consequent deficits in learning and adaptive functioning. A literature review was undertaken on the concept of intelligence and whether it encompasses a range of specific cognitive functions to solve problems, which might be better reported as a profile, instead of an IQ, with implications for diagnosis and classification of intellectual disability...
December 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204024/behavioral-problems-and-intelligence-quotient-changes-in-pediatric-epilepsy-a-case-control-study
#12
Shyama Choudhary, N Niranjan, Satyendra Khichar, Pramod K Berwal, Abhijeet Singh Barath
Background: Epilepsy is the most common chronic neurological disease and has neurological impairment as an important comorbidity. Objective: To find behavioral problems and intelligence quotient (IQ) changes associated with epilepsy and to know the association of variables such as frequency, type of seizures, and duration of disease with cognitive impairment. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study, consisting of 50 cases (patients of epilepsy) and 50 controls (other patients of same socioeconomic status) was conducted at S...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202226/stretchable-ti3c2tx-mxene-carbon-nanotubes-composite-based-strain-sensor-with-ultrahigh-sensitivity-and-tunable-sensing-range
#13
Yichen Cai, Jie Shen, Gang Ge, Yizhou Zhang, Wanqin Jin, Wei Huang, Jinjun Shao, Jian Yang, Xiaochen Dong
It remains challenging to fabricate strain-sensing materials and exquisite geometric constructions for integrating extraordinary sensitivity, low strain detectability, high stretchability, tunable sensing range, thin device dimensions into a single type of strain sensor. A percolation network based on Ti3C2Tx MXene/carbon nanotubes (CNTs) composites was rationally designed and fabricated into versatile strain sensors. This weaving architecture with excellent electric properties combined the sensitive two-dimensional (2D) Ti3C2Tx MXene nanostacks with conductive and stretchable one-dimensional (1D) CNTs crossing...
December 4, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198973/association-of-burnout-with-emotional-intelligence-and-personality-in-surgical-residents-can-we-predict-who-is-most-at-risk
#14
Brenessa Lindeman, Emil Petrusa, Sophia McKinley, Daniel A Hashimoto, Denise Gee, Douglas S Smink, John T Mullen, Roy Phitayakorn
OBJECTIVES: Burnout is common among surgical residents and may be related to personality characteristics, emotional intelligence (EI), or work experiences. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study over 1 year. SETTING: Tertiary academic medical centers in the Northeast. PARTICIPANTS: All general surgery residents in 2 programs (n = 143) were invited to complete an electronic survey at 3 time points; 88, 64, and 69 residents completed the survey (overall response rate 52%)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198208/association-between-childhood-infection-serum-inflammatory-markers-and-intelligence-findings-from-a-population-based-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#15
N Mackinnon, S Zammit, G Lewis, P B Jones, G M Khandaker
A link between infection, inflammation, neurodevelopment and adult illnesses has been proposed. The objective of this study was to examine the association between infection burden during childhood - a critical period of development for the immune and nervous systems - and subsequent systemic inflammatory markers and general intelligence. In the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a prospective birth cohort in England, we examined the association of exposure to infections during childhood, assessed at seven follow-ups between age 1·5 and 7·5 years, with subsequent: (1) serum interleukin 6 and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels at age 9; (2) intelligence quotient (IQ) at age 8...
December 4, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197693/longitudinal-safety-evaluation-of-electric-vehicles-with-the-partial-wireless-charging-lane-on-freeways
#16
Ye Li, Wei Wang, Lu Xing, Qi Fan, Hao Wang
As an environment friendly transportation mode, the electric vehicle (EV) has drawn an increasing amount of attention from governments, vehicle manufactories and researchers recently. One of the biggest issue impeding EV's popularization associates with the charging process. The wireless charging lane (WCL) has been proposed as a convenient charging facility for EVs. Due to the high costs, the application of WCL on the entire freeways is impractical in the near future, while the partial WCL (PWCL) may be a feasible solution...
November 30, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195310/delay-dynamics-of-neuromorphic-optoelectronic-nanoscale-resonators-perspectives-and-applications
#17
Bruno Romeira, José M L Figueiredo, Julien Javaloyes
With the recent exponential growth of applications using artificial intelligence (AI), the development of efficient and ultrafast brain-like (neuromorphic) systems is crucial for future information and communication technologies. While the implementation of AI systems using computer algorithms of neural networks is emerging rapidly, scientists are just taking the very first steps in the development of the hardware elements of an artificial brain, specifically neuromorphic microchips. In this review article, we present the current state of the art of neuromorphic photonic circuits based on solid-state optoelectronic oscillators formed by nanoscale double barrier quantum well resonant tunneling diodes...
November 2017: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195213/nursing-students-emotional-intelligence-coping-styles-and-learning-satisfaction-in-clinically-simulated-palliative-care-scenarios-an-observational-study
#18
Ana Rosa Alconero-Camarero, Carmen María Sarabia-Cobo, Silvia González-Gómez, Isabel Ibáñez-Rementería, Lucía Lavín-Alconero, Ana Belén Sarabia-Cobo
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence is highly relevant in palliative care training, considering the coping styles used by nursing students. Clinical simulation provides the opportunity to evaluate these variables in a realistic and natural context. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the possible relation between emotional intelligence, coping styles and satisfaction with one's own self-learning in nursing students participating in simulated scenarios related to palliative care at the end of life...
November 16, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193986/a-study-on-the-theory-of-mind-deficits-and-delusions-in-schizophrenic-patients
#19
Sungwon Park
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to find differences between patients with schizophrenia and healthy control group in ToM and to examine relationships among intelligence, ToM, and delusion in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: Data was collected from 50 patients of schizophrenia and 32 healthy subjects. Participants were given the psychological test form with structured questionnaire. The SPSS 22.0 program was used for t-test, ANCOVA, and, Pearson's Correlation...
December 1, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191480/preterm-birth-leads-to-hyper-reactive-cognitive-control-processing-and-poor-white-matter-organization-in-adulthood
#20
Alexander Olsen, Emily L Dennis, Kari Anne I Evensen, Ingrid Marie Husby Hollund, Gro C C Løhaugen, Paul M Thompson, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Live Eikenes, Asta K Håberg
Individuals born preterm with very low birth weight (VLBW; birth weight ≤ 1500 g) are at high risk for perinatal brain injuries and deviant brain development, leading to increased chances of later cognitive, emotional, and behavioral problems. Here we investigated the neuronal underpinnings of both reactive and proactive cognitive control processes in adults with VLBW. We included 32 adults born preterm with VLBW (before 37th week of gestation) and 32 term-born controls (birth weight ≥10th percentile for gestational age) between 22 and 24 years of age that have been followed prospectively since birth...
November 27, 2017: NeuroImage
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